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Belanto Joseph J - - 2010
Glucocorticoids are beneficial in many muscular dystrophies but they are ineffective in treating dysferlinopathy, a rare muscular dystrophy caused by loss of dysferlin. We sought to understand the molecular basis for this disparity by studying the effects of a glucocorticoid on differentiation of the myoblast cell line, C2C12, and dysferlin-deficient ...
Liang J - - 2010
Ca(2+) signals generated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)Rs) are crucial for cellular processes such as apoptosis and differentiation. However, the exact roles of IP(3)Rs and their contributions to Ca(2+) signals in pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cell behaviors remain largely unknown. In this study, we showed that the expression of type ...
Mora-Castilla S - - 2010
Exposure of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells to high concentrations of chemical nitric oxide (NO) donors promotes differentiation, but the mechanisms involved in this process at the gene expression level are poorly defined. In this study we report that culture of mES cells in the presence of 0.25-1.0 mM diethylenetriamine ...
Lehotzky Attila - - 2010
TPPP/p25, a recently identified tubulin polymerization-promoting protein (TPPP), is expressed mainly in myelinating oligodendrocytes of the CNS. Here, we show that TPPP/p25 is strongly upregulated during the differentiation of primary oligodendrocyte cells as well as the CG-4 cell line. The microRNA expression profile of CG-4 cells before and after induction ...
Wei Jun - - 2010
Glioblastoma multiforme is a lethal cancer that responds poorly to therapy. Glioblastoma multiforme cancer-initiating cells have been shown to mediate resistance to both chemotherapy and radiation; however, it is unknown to what extent these cells contribute to the profound immunosuppression in glioblastoma multiforme patients and if strategies that alter their ...
Thompson Alex F - - 2010
RGC-5 cells are transformed cells that express several surface markers characteristic of neuronal precursor cells, but resemble glial cells morphologically and divide in culture. When treated with the apoptosis-inducing agent staurosporine, RGC-5 cells assume a neuronal morphology, extend neurites, stop dividing, and express ion channels without acute signs of apoptosis. ...
Noghero Alessio - - 2010
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells capable of differentiating in all the cell types present in a living organism. They derive from the inner cell mass of blastocysts of different species including humans. Given their unlimited potential, ES cells represent an invaluable resource of different cell types for transplantation ...
Schriebl Kornelia - - 2010
The substantial progress in embryonic stem cell (ESC) research could lead to new possibilities in the treatment of various diseases. Currently, applications of ESC for cell therapy are impeded by the presence of potentially teratoma-forming undifferentiated ESC. Thus, a selective and quantitative removal of undifferentiated ESC from a pool of ...
Chang Gang - - 2010
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been proved capable of reprogramming various differentiated somatic cells into pluripotent stem cells. Recently, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) have been successfully derived from mouse and human somatic cells by the over-expression of a combination of transcription factors. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the ...
Czekaj Piotr - - 2010
Non-differentiated cells are attractive targets for cell therapy. During liver regeneration oval cells intensively proliferate and differentiate extending their metabolic activity. Hepatic cytochromes P450 (CYPs) can be linked either with metabolic activation of toxic compounds or drug metabolism. We investigated the differentiation and biotransformative potential of non-differentiated cells in primary ...
Kopper Oded - - 2010
Human embryoid bodies (HEBs) are cell aggregates that are produced during the course of embryonic stem cell differentiation in suspension. Mature HEBs have been shown to contain derivatives of the three embryonic germ layers. In this study, using a combination of laser capture microscopy followed by DNA microarray analysis and ...
Iwamuro Masaya - - 2010
Definitive endoderm (DE) derived from stem cells holds potential to differentiate into hepatocytes. Stem cell therapy using those cells has potential for a treatment of liver disease. To date, various ways of inducing hepatocytes from embryonic stem (ES) cells have been reported by researchers. However, it has not been proved ...
Hernández-Benítez Reyna - - 2010
Taurine addition to cultured embryonic neural precursor cells (NPC) significantly increased cell proliferation [Hernández-Benítez et al., 2010]. The medium used for NPC growing and proliferation is a fetal serum-free medium, and therefore, NPC become taurine depleted. Addition of taurine to the cultured medium fully replenished the cell taurine pool, suggesting ...
Song Y - - 2010
Glypican-1 is a cell membrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan that is composed of a core protein and covalently attached glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains and N-linked glycosylated (N-glycosylated) chains. The glypican-1 GAG chains are required for cell differentiation and responsiveness to fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2). The role of glypican-1 N-glycosylated chains in ...
Jumabay Medet - - 2010
Adipose stromal cells and dissociated brown adipose tissue have been shown to generate cardiomyocyte-like cells. However, it is not clear whether white mature adipocytes have the same potential, even though a close relationship has been found between adipocytes and vascular endothelial cells, another cardiovascular cell type. The objective of this ...
Flores Enrique - - 2010
Within the wide biodiversity that is found in the bacterial world, Cyanobacteria represents a unique phylogenetic group that is responsible for a key metabolic process in the biosphere - oxygenic photosynthesis - and that includes representatives exhibiting complex morphologies. Many cyanobacteria are multicellular, growing as filaments of cells in which ...
Jing Donghui - - 2010
Heart diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality linked to extensive loss of cardiac cells. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) give rise to cardiomyocyte-like cells, which may be used in heart cell replacement therapies. Most cardiogenic differentiation protocols involve the culture of ESCs as embryoid bodies (EBs). Stirred-suspension bioreactor cultures ...
Chlapek Petr - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We performed expression profiling of two neuroblastoma cell lines, SK-N-BE(2) and SH-SY5Y, after combined treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and inhibitors of lipoxygenases (LOX) and cyclooxygenases (COX). This study is a continuation of our previous work confirming the possibility of enhancing ATRA-induced cell differentiation in these cell lines ...
Bentz Kristine - - 2010
Dramatic cerebral responses following brain injury (TBI) comprise inflammation, cell death, and modulation of trophic factor release. These cerebral modulations might induce and /or attenuate acute neuronal damage. Here, we investigated the effect of tissue extract derived from healthy (HBE) or injured rat brain (TBE) on the differentiation of cultured ...
Mathi Anupama A - - 2010
The iodotyrosine dehalogenase1 (DEHAL1) enzyme is a transmembrane protein that belongs to the nitroreductase family and shows a highly conserved N-terminal domain. DEHAL1 is present in the liver, kidney and thyroid of mammals. DEHAL1 is known to act on diiodotyrosine (DIT) and monoiodotyrosine (MIT), and is involved in iodine recycling ...
Zambon Alexander C - - 2010
By altering the cellular microenvironment and culture media composition, embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can be induced to differentiate in vitro into somatic cell types from the three primitive germ layers. ESC differentiation is regulated by an intricate series of signaling events that result in their transcriptional reprogramming, asymmetric cell division, ...
Yukawa Hiroshi - - 2010
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have recently been generated by Yamanaka's group, and then followed by others. iPS cells are expected to have clinical applications including an important role in regenerative medicine. This study focused on the cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) for differentiation or functional application of iPS cells, because several ...
Lee Joon - - 2010
Heart failure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The current strategies for treatment are limited and new therapeutic approaches are needed. This review describes research performed in animal models of cardiac disease and clinical trials and discusses the mechanisms involved in possible beneficial effects of cell therapy. ...
Jiang Hua - - 2010
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells are able to give rise to a variety of cell lineages under specific culture condition. An effective strategy for stable genetic modification in hES cells may provide a powerful tool for study of human embryogenesis and cell-based therapies. However, gene silences are documented in hES ...
Allan Lenka L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The AhR is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates immunosuppression induced by environmental PAH and HAH. Recently, a critical role for the AhR in development of T cells involved in autoimmunity (Th17 and Treg) has been demonstrated, supporting the hypothesis that the AhR plays a key role in immune ...
Rodríguez-Serrano Fernando - - 2010
Nucleotides (NT) and nucleosides (NS) play a key role in gastrointestinal development and in enterocyte healing after tissue damage. Exogenous NT and NS may therefore represent a novel therapy for maintaining gastrointestinal tract integrity. An exogenous NS mixture of thymidine, cytidine, guanosine and inosine (T-CGI) increases the proliferation rate of ...
Era Takumi - - 2010
Pluripotent stem cells such as embryonic stem (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have attractive attention as a source of cells for use in therapeutic application. However, as the in vitro differentiation culture does not provide usefully positional information for cell type definition, this system definitely requires visible markers ...
Wegwitz Florian - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In analogy to normal stem cell differentiation, the current cancer stem cell (CSC) model presumes a hierarchical organization and an irreversible differentiation in tumor tissue. Accordingly, CSCs should comprise only a small subset of the tumor cells, which feeds tumor growth. However, some recent findings raised doubts on the ...
Chang Tzu-Ching - - 2010
Rho kinases (ROCKs) mediate cell contraction, local adhesion, and cell motility, which are considered to be important in cell differentiation. We postulated that ROCKs are involved in controlling embryonic stem (ES) cell renewal and differentiation. CCE, a murine ES cell, was treated with Y-27632 for 48 to 96 hours and ...
Rost-Roszkowska Magdalena M - - 2010
Differentiation of regenerative cells in the midgut epithelium of Epilachna cf nylanderi (Mulsant 1850) (Insecta, Coleoptera, Coccinellidae), a consumer of the Ni-hyperaccumulator Berkheya coddii (Asteracae) from South Africa, has been monitored and described. Adult specimens in various developmental phases were studied with the use of light microscopy and transmission electron ...
Kent Lindsey N - - 2010
The trophoblast lineage arises as the first differentiation event during embryogenesis. Trophoblast giant cells are one of several end-stage products of trophoblast cell differentiation in rodents. These cells are located at the maternal-fetal interface and are capable of invasive and endocrine functions, which are necessary for successful pregnancy. Rcho-1 trophoblast ...
Tun Han W - - 2010
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common kidney cancer. The purpose of this study is to define a biological pathway signature and a cellular differentiation program in ccRCC. We performed gene expression profiling of early-stage ccRCC and patient-matched normal renal tissue using Affymetrix HG-U133a and HG-U133b GeneChips ...
Ciofani G - - 2010
Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) have generated considerable interest within the scientific community by virtue of their unique physical properties, which can be exploited in the biomedical field. In the present in vitro study, we investigated the interactions of poly-l-lysine-coated BNNTs with C2C12 cells, as a model of muscle cells, in ...
Nakamura Takahiro - - 2010
Synchrotron-based radiation (SRS) Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy potentially provides novel biomarkers of the cell differentiation process. Because such imaging gives a "biochemical-cell fingerprint" through a cell-sized aperture, we set out to determine whether distinguishing chemical entities associated with putative stem cells (SCs), transit-amplifying (TA) cells, or terminally-differentiated (TD) cells could ...
Wang Tao - - 2010
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have attracted significant attention from researchers around the world because of their ability to undergo indefinite self-renewal and produce derivatives from the three cell lineages, which has enormous value in research and clinical applications. Until now, many ES cell lines of different mammals have been established ...
Maunoury Nicolas - - 2010
The legume plant Medicago truncatula establishes a symbiosis with the nitrogen-fixing bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti which takes place in root nodules. The formation of nodules employs a complex developmental program involving organogenesis, specific cellular differentiation of the host cells and the endosymbiotic bacteria, called bacteroids, as well as the specific activation ...
Ganapathy Preethi S - - 2010
Homocysteine is implicated in ganglion cell death associated with glaucoma. To understand mechanisms of homocysteine-induced cell death, we analyzed the sensitivity of the RGC-5 cell line, differentiated using staurosporine, to physiologically-relevant levels of the excitotoxic amino acid homocysteine. RGC-5 cells were differentiated 24 hr using 316 nM staurosporine and tested ...
Bunk E C - - 2010
Neurogenesis persists in the adult hippocampus, where several thousand neurons are born every day. Most of the newly generated cells are eliminated by apoptosis, possibly because of their failure to integrate properly into neural networks. The BH3-only proteins Bim and Puma have been shown to mediate trophic factor withdrawal- and ...
Pajtler Kristian - - 2010
The neural crest arises from the neuro-ectoderm during embryogenesis and persists only temporarily. Early experiments already proofed pluripotent progenitor cells to be an integral part of the neural crest(1). Phenotypically, neural crest stem cells (NCSC) are defined by simultaneously expressing p75 (low-affine nerve growth factor receptor, LNGFR) and SOX10 during ...
Tsai Zong-Yun - - 2010
Human embryonic stem (hES) cell lines were derived from the inner cell mass of human blastocysts, and were cultured on mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) feeder to maintain undifferentiated growth, extensive renewal capacity, and pluripotency. The hES-T3 cell line with normal female karyotype was previously used to differentiate into autogeneic fibroblast-like ...
Caceres Andrea - - 2010
The eye lens presents a unique opportunity to explore roles for specific molecules in cell proliferation, differentiation and development because cells remain in place throughout life and, like red blood cells and keratinocytes, they go through the most extreme differentiation, including removal of nuclei and cessation of protein synthesis. Ubiquitination ...
Caillier Maïa - - 2010
The unique properties of embryonic stem cells (ESC) rely on long-lasting self-renewal and their ability to switch in all adult cell type programs. Recent advances have shown that regulations at the chromatin level sustain both ESC properties along with transcription factors. We have focused our interest on the epigenetic modulator ...
Borowiak Malgorzata - - 2010
Diabetic patients suffer from the loss of insulin-secreting β-cells, or from an improper working β-cell mass. Due to the increasing prevalence of diabetes across the world, there is a compelling need for a renewable source of cells that could replace pancreatic β-cells. In recent years, several promising approaches to the ...
Santamaria Pere - - 2010
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells can be differentiated into pancreatic endoderm structures in vitro. The study was performed to determine whether induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can be differentiated into similar structures with comparable efficiency. We compared the ability of hES cells and iPS cells derived from human epidermal keratinocytes ...
Benaitreau Delphine - - 2010
In human pregnancy, a correct placentation depends on trophoblast proliferation, differentiation, migration and invasion. These processes are highly regulated by placental hormones, growth factors and cytokines. Recently, we have shown that adiponectin, an adipokine, has anti-proliferative effects on trophoblastic cells. Here, we complete this study by demonstrating that adiponectin modulates ...
Keiner Silke - - 2010
It is well known that focal ischemia increases neurogenesis in the adult dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation but the cellular mechanisms underlying this proliferative response are only poorly understood. We here investigated whether precursor cells which constitutively proliferate before the ischemic infarct contribute to post-ischemic neurogenesis. To this purpose, ...
Johansson Helena - - 2010
Reprogramming of somatic cells for derivation of either embryonic stem (ES) cells, by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), or ES-like cells, by induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell procedure, provides potential routes toward non-immunogenic cell replacement therapies. Nucleolar proteins serve as markers for activation of embryonic genes, whose expression is crucial ...
Lu Bo - - 2010
BI 2536 is a new anti-mitotic drug that targets polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) and is currently under clinical development for cancer therapy. The effect of this drug on cancer cells has been extensively investigated, but information about the effects on primary dividing cells and differentiated non-dividing cells is scarce. We ...
Joo Yuyoung - - 2010
Amyloid precursor protein binding protein-1 (APP-BP1) binds to the carboxyl terminus of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and serves as the bipartite activation enzyme for the ubiquitin-like protein, NEDD8. In the present study, we explored the physiological role of APP-BP1 in the cell cycle progression of fetal neural stem cells. ...
Kuang Hui - - 2010
Ketamine is a widely used dissociative anesthetic which can induce some psychotic-like symptoms and memory deficits in some patients during the post-operative period. To understand its effects on neural population dynamics in the brain, we employed large-scale in vivo ensemble recording techniques to monitor the activity patterns of simultaneously recorded ...
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