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Ali Ahmed Y AY Department of Cellular & Molecular Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Chronic Disease Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Ovarian cancer (OVCA) and cervical cancer (CECA) are lethal gynecological malignancies. Cisplatin (CDDP) and platinum derivatives are first line chemotherapeutics and their resistance impedes successful treatment. Understanding the molecular dysregulation underlying chemoresistance is important in developing rational therapeutic strategies. We have established that Protein Phosphatase Magnesium-dependent 1 D (PPM1D) confers ...
Blegvad C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that shunt dysfunction in the ventricular catheter and the shunt valve is caused by different cellular responses. We also hypothesized that the cellular responses depend on different pathophysiological mechanisms. METHODS: Removed shunt material was collected. Macroscopic tissue in the catheters was paraffin-embedded and HE-stained. Valves were incubated ...
Yang P - - 2012
The ultrastructure of the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) has been examined in birds, but the distribution of these cells remains obscure because a suitable marker is lacking. In the present study, the identification and expression of c-Kit-positive cells in the chicken intestine were demonstrated by means of in situ ...
Bogoyevitch Marie A - - 2012
The impact of aberrant centrosomes and/or spindles on asymmetric cell division in embryonic development indicates the tight regulation of bipolar spindle formation and positioning that is required for mitotic progression and cell fate determination. WD40-repeat protein 62 (WDR62) was recently identified as a spindle pole protein linked to the neurodevelopmental ...
Bennett Melissa J - - 2012
Laulimalide is a natural product that has strong taxoid-like properties but binds to a distinct site on β-tubulin in the microtubule (MT) lattice. At elevated concentrations, it generates MTs that are resistant to depolymerization, and it induces a conformational state indistinguishable from taxoid-treated MTs. In this study, we describe the ...
Ohshima Susumu - - 2012
Tetraploid cells with unstable chromosomes frequently arise as an early step in tumorigenesis and lead to the formation of aneuploid cells. The mechanisms responsible for the chromosome instability of polyploid cells are not fully understood, although the supernumerary centrosomes in polyploid cells have been considered the major cause of chromosomal ...
Liang Haixia - - 2012
Amitosis, a direct method of cell division is common in ciliated protozoan, fungi and some animal and plant cells. During amitosis, intranuclear microtubules are reorganized into specified arrays which assist in separation of nucleus, despite lack of a bipolar spindle. However, the regulation of amitosis is not understood. Here, we ...
Florian Stefan - - 2012
During cell division, the molecular motor Eg5 crosslinks overlapping antiparallel microtubules and pushes them apart to separate mitotic spindle poles. Dynein has been proposed as a direct antagonist of Eg5 at the spindle equator, pulling on antiparallel microtubules and favoring spindle collapse. Some of the experiments supporting this hypothesis relied on ...
Chao Wei-Shan - - 2012
Hybrids based on a dibenzosuberene core bearing a spiro-fluorene junction at the C-5 position and with amino donor and β-thiophenyl-α-cyanoacrylic acid acceptor groups at C-3 and C-7, respectively, serve as new organic sensitizer materials for solar cell applications. Solar cell devices based on these materials show a conversion efficiency (η) ...
Mardin Balca R - - 2012
The centrosome, which consists of two centrioles and the surrounding pericentriolar material, is the primary microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) in animal cells. Like chromosomes, centrosomes duplicate once per cell cycle and defects that lead to abnormalities in the number of centrosomes result in genomic instability, a hallmark of most cancer cells. ...
Ma Yan Y Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of - - 2012
Mitotic progression in eukaryotic cells depends upon the activation of cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), followed by its inactivation through the anaphase-promoting complex (APC)/cyclosome-mediated degradation of M-phase cyclins. Previous work revealed that expression of a constitutively active CDK1 (CDK1AF) in HeLa cells permitted their division, but yielded G1 daughter cells that ...
Kichambare Padmakar - - 2011
The composite of nitrogen doped carbon (N-C) blend with lithium aluminium germanium phosphate (LAGP) was studied as cathode material in a solid-state lithium-oxygen cell. Composite electrodes exhibit high electrochemical activity towards oxygen reduction. Compared to the cell capacity of N-C blend cathode, N-C/LAGP composite cathode exhibits six times higher discharge ...
Sargent L M - - 2011
Carbon nanotubes were among the earliest products of nanotechnology and have many potential applications in medicine, electronics, and manufacturing. The low density, small size, and biological persistence of carbon nanotubes create challenges for exposure control and monitoring and make respiratory exposures to workers likely. We have previously shown mitotic spindle ...
Morono Yuki - - 2011
Remarkable numbers of microbial cells have been observed in global shallow to deep subseafloor sediments. Accumulating evidence indicates that deep and ancient sediments harbor living microbial life, where the flux of nutrients and energy are extremely low. However, their physiology and energy requirements remain largely unknown. We used stable isotope ...
Long Donghui - - 2011
Partially unzipped carbon nanotubes prepared by strong oxidation and thermal expansion of carbon nanotubes were explored as an advanced catalyst support for PEM fuel cells. The unique hybrid structure of 1D nanotube and 2D double-side graphene resulted in an outstanding electrocatalytic performance.
Zarzycki Jan - - 2011
Chloroflexus aurantiacus is a facultative autotrophic green nonsulfur bacterium that grows phototrophically in thermal springs and forms microbial mats with cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria produce glycolate during the day (photorespiration) and excrete fermentation products at night. C. aurantiacus uses the 3-hydroxypropionate bi-cycle for autotrophic carbon fixation. This pathway was thought to be ...
West Thomas P - - 2011
The production of the exopolysaccharide pullulan using entrapped cells of the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans ATCC 42023 was investigated relative to carbon source. Fungal cells grown on glucose or sucrose as a carbon source were entrapped in calcium alginate beads and found to be capable of synthesizing the polysaccharide for two ...
Wang Liying - - 2011
Carcinogenicity of carbon nanotubes is a major concern but has not been well addressed due to the lack of experimental models. Here, we show that chronic exposure to single-walled carbon nanotubes causes malignant transformation of human lung epithelial cells. The transformed cells induce tumorigenesis in mice and exhibit an apoptosis ...
Smith David G DG Department of Chemistry, Durham University, South Road, Durham, UK DH1 - - 2011
Image and spectral intensity from bicarbonate-selective europium(III) probes localised in the mitochondria of cells is modulated reversibly by variation of external pCO(2), and is suppressed by addition of the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, acetazolomide.
Wadhwa S - - 2011
The aim of this study is to assess in vitro cytotoxic effects of titania nanostructures and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by exposing A549 lung epithelial cell line to these materials. Titania nanotubes (TiNTs) were grown by hydrothermal treatment of TiO(2) nanoparticles, followed by annealing them at 400°C. The titania nanostructures obtained ...
Biran Anat - - 2011
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, such as valproic acid (VPA), constitute a novel class of anticancer agents that cause an increase in acetylated histones and thus restore the expression of dormant tumor-suppressor and other genes related to cell differentiation, cell-cycle arrest or apoptosis of tumor cells. The Ras inhibitor farnesylthiosalicylic acid ...
Gampe Kristine - - 2011
The subependymal zone at the lateral ventricular wall represents a major neurogenic niche of the adult mammalian brain and continuously provides new neurons for the olfactory bulb. A mosaic of stem and progenitor cells in this niche has the potential to respond to multiple signals including growth factors such as ...
Ren Jingyuan - - 2010
MiRNAs are small, noncoding RNA molecules that emerge as important regulators of cancer-related processes. The miR-21 microRNA is overexpressed in a wide variety of cancers and has been causally related to cellular proliferation and apoptosis. In this study, we found that miR-21 is overexpressed in Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) ...
Dollé Pascal - - 2010
Retinoic acid (RA), a vitamin A derivative, is synthesized by specific cell populations and acts as a diffusible embryonic signal activating ligand-inducible transcription factors, the RA receptors (RARs). RA-activatable transgenic systems have revealed many discrete, transient sites of RA action during development. However, there has been no attempt to permanently ...
Hu Jinghui - - 2011
Toca-1 (transducer of Cdc42-dependent actin assembly) interacts with the Cdc42·N-WASP and Abi1·Rac·WAVE F-actin branching pathways that function in lamellipodia formation and cell motility. However, the potential role of Toca-1 in these processes has not been reported. Here, we show that epidermal growth factor (EGF) induces Toca-1 localization to lamellipodia, where ...
De Laurentiis Angela - - 2011
Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) plays an important role in breast cancer metastasis. Here phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signalling was found to play an essential role in the enhanced migration capability of fibroblastoid cells (FibRas) derived from normal mammary epithelial cells (EpH4) by transduction of oncogenic Ras (EpRas) and TGFβ1. While expression ...
Moura Rita A - - 2011
Objectives. B cells play an important role in the perpetuation of RA, particularly as autoantibody-producing cells. The ICs that further develop deposit in the joints and aggravate the inflammatory process. However, B-cell contribution in the very early stage of the disease remains unknown. The main goal of this work was ...
Rahman Farzana Binte - - 2010
Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) has been shown to stimulate the growth and migration of human keratinocytes in an autocrine or paracrine manner. Bearing in mind the preceding narratives, present study was designed to explore the role of HB-EGF on esophageal epithelial cell growth, migration and anti-apoptosis. HET-1A ...
Furugaki Koh - - 2010
Erlotinib is used as a standard treatment for recurrent advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in NSCLC have been shown to be a predictive factor of erlotinib, although the relationship between K-ras oncogene (KRAS) mutations and erlotinib resistance is controversial. Recently, in vitro sequence-dependent ...
Zheng Hang - - 2010
The purpose of this work is to study mechanisms underlying anti-tumor effects of farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We demonstrate that mRNA and protein levels of Ras homologue enriched in brain (Rheb) are highly expressed both in NSCLC tissues and in NSCLC cell lines. Rheb expression ...
Moriceau Gatien - - 2010
Despite recent improvements in therapeutic management of osteosarcoma, ongoing challenges in improving the response to chemotherapy warrants new strategies still needed to improve overall patient survival. In this study, we investigated in vivo the effects of RAD001 (Everolimus), a new orally available mTOR inhibitor, on the growth of human and ...
Cao Shouqiang - - 2011
STAT5 activation in primary glioma was analyzed using antibody directed against phosphorylated STAT5 (pSTAT5), in all samples robust pSTAT5 immunostaining was detected, predominantly in the nucleus. We then used immunofluorescence, transcription factor binding assays and western blotting to study EGF-modulated STAT5 activation in the human U87 glioma cell line. EGF ...
Zheleznova Nadezhda N - - 2011
Members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family bind to ErbB (EGFR) family receptors which play an important role in the regulation of various fundamental cell processes including cell proliferation and differentiation. The normal rodent kidney has been shown to express at least three members of the ErbB receptor family ...
Estrada-Bernal Adriana - - 2011
We have previously shown that high expression levels of the lipid kinase sphingosine kinase-1 (SphK1) correlate with poor survival of glioblastoma (GBM) patients. In this study we examined the regulation of SphK1 expression by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling in GBM cells. As the EGFR gene is often overexpressed ...
Aoyama Mineyoshi - - 2010
Neuroblastoma is a common childhood tumor derived from neural crest precursor cells. In the present study, we investigated the expression and function of embryonic stem cell-expressed Ras (ERas), a novel Ras family protein previously reported as the specific expression gene in embryonic stem cells (ES cells), in neuroblastoma cell lines. ...
Choudhary Shambhunath - - 2010
To investigate the mechanism behind the pro-apoptotic ability of oncogenic H-Ras to enhance FK228-induced apoptosis, we primarily used the 10T1/2-TR-H-Ras cell line, in which ectopic expression of oncogenic H-Ras(V12) is controlled by the addition of tetracycline into cultures, and secondarily used oncogenic H-Ras-expressing MCF10A cells in our studies. Our results ...
Estephane Djoyce - - 2010
Retinoic acid (RA) and nitric oxide (NO) are known to promote neuronal development in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Retinoic acid receptors appear to be present in cnidarians and NO plays various physiological roles in several cnidarians, but there is as yet no evidence that these agents have a role in ...
Del Río A - - 2011
The Tgf-β(3) null mutant mouse palate presents several cellular anomalies that lead to the appearance of cleft palate. One of them concerns the cell proliferation of both the palatal medial edge epithelium and mesenchyme. In this work, our aim was to determine whether there was any variation in the presence/distribution ...
McIntosh Jamie - - 2010
Progression of breast cancer is associated with remodeling of the extracellular matrix, often involving a switch from estrogen dependence to a dependence on EGF receptor (EGFR)/HER-2 and is accompanied by increased expression of the main binding protein for insulin-like growth factors (IGFBP-3). We have examined the effects of IGFBP-3 on ...
Yu Xiaoyi X Department of Pediatric Surgery, Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2012
We have previously shown that heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) promotes angiogenesis and preserves mesenteric microvascular blood flow in several models of intestinal injury. The current study was designed to evaluate the effect of HB-EGF on pericytes, since these cells function to regulate capillary blood flow and new capillary growth. ...
Atwood A A AA Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2010
Overexpression of Ras(V12) in MCF10A cells, an immortalized mammary epithelial cell line, leads to transformation of these cells. We demonstrate that this is accompanied by degradation of C/EBPbeta1. C/EBPbeta is a transcription factor in which three protein isoforms exist because of alternative translation at three in-frame methionines. When C/EBPbeta1 is ...
Kivisaari A K - - 2010
Tumour-specific expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 has been noted in cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) in patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). To examine the potential role of MMP-7 in shedding of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) in RDEB-associated and sporadic SCCs. Tissue microarrays of RDEB-associated SCC ...
Engberg Nina - - 2010
Embryonic stem (ES) cells differentiate spontaneously toward a neuroectodermal fate in serum-free, adherent monocultures. Here, we show that this spontaneous neural fate requires retinoic acid (RA) synthesis. We monitor ES cells containing reporter genes for markers of the early neural plate as well as the primitive streak and its progeny ...
Kim E Sle - - 2011
Several recent studies have demonstrated that stem cell differentiation can be generated by derivatives of retinoic acid. In this study we chose retinoic acid (RA) for inducing neural differentiation of rat muscle-derived stem cells (rMDSCs). rMDSCs were pre-induced with 10 ng/ml basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and then treated with ...
Ferrari-Toninelli Giulia - - 2010
High-risk neuroblastoma is a severe pediatric tumor characterized by poor prognosis. Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in tumor development and progression is strategic for the improvement of pharmacological therapies. Notch was recently proposed as a pharmacological target for the therapy of several cancers and is emerging as a new neuroblastoma-related ...
Griffin Jennifer N - - 2010
13-Cis-retinoic acid (13-cis-RA) causes depression-related behavior in mice. Hypothalamic dysregulation has been implicated in clinical depression. In fact, apoptosis of hypothalamic neurons may lead to depression after myocardial infarction. Our objective was to determine if 13-cis-RA affects cultured hypothalamic cell number. Treatment of GT1-7 hypothalamic cells with 10μM 13-cis-RA for ...
Palozza Paola - - 2010
Several evidences suggest that cancer cells have abnormal cholesterol biosynthetic pathways and prenylation of small guanosine triphosphatase proteins. Tomato lycopene has been suggested to have beneficial effects against certain types of cancer, including that of prostate, although the exact molecular mechanism(s) is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that lycopene may ...
Mossé Yaël P - - 2010
Retinoids can induce terminal differentiation in a subset of neuronal cancer cells, but what determines response has been unclear. In a recent issue of Cell, Hölzel and colleagues show that hyperactive RAS signaling imparts retinoid resistance to neuroblastoma cells, which can be reversed by inhibiting MAPK, suggesting new therapeutic opportunities.
Abramova M V - - 2010
HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) are capable of suppressing the cell growth of tumour cells due to the induction of apoptosis and/or cell cycle arrest. This allows of considering HDACIs as promising agents for tumour therapy. The final outcome - apoptotic cell death or cell cycle arrest - depends on the type ...
Schmid K - - 2010
In this report we investigated the combination of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway inhibition as a possible new therapeutic strategy for small cell lung cancer (SCLC). EGFR, p-AKT, p-ERK, p-mTOR and p-p70s6K protein expressions were studied by immunohistochemistry in 107 small cell lung ...
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