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Results 401 - 450 of 1705
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Mathur Rajesh S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGF-R) up-regulation in cervical cancer cells leads to an increase in cell proliferative Insulin-like Growth Factor II (IGF-II) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and a decrease of the anti-proliferative IGF-binding protein-3 (IGF-BP3). The objectives for this study are: (a) to find if VEGF, in ...
Pagé Viviane - - 2005
BAG-1 is a multi-functional protein that exists in three major isoforms, BAG-1 p50, p46, and p36. A fourth isoform of 29 kDa also exists but its function remains mostly unknown. To further understand the role of this smaller isoform in ovarian cancer cells, the SKOV3 cell line was transfected with ...
Nordberg Erika - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to analyse whether non-radiolabelled epidermal growth factor (EGF) can modify the cellular uptake of 125I when delivered as [125I]trastuzumab. 125I was used as a marker for the diagnostically and therapeutically more interesting isotopes 123I (SPECT), 124I (PET) and 131I (therapy). The cell-associated radioactivity was ...
Dietze Andreas - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine if photochemical internalization (PCI) of gelonin can improve the treatment outcome as compared to photodynamic therapy (PDT) and gene transduction of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS)in vitro. For this purpose synovial tissue was obtained under synovectomy of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Primary single cell ...
Cesario Alfredo - - 2005
It is known that the potential clinical use of farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTI) could be expanded to include cancers harboring activated receptor tyrosine kinases. Approximately 70% of malignant pleural mesotheliomas (MPM) overexpress epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) and a subset express both EGFR and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha), suggesting an ...
Leabu M - - 2005
The ability of cells to undergo shape changes is essential for diverse cellular functions including cell growth, differentiation, and movement. The present study examines how an integration of the function of alpha2beta1 integrin with that of the receptor for epidermal growth factor (EGFR) modulates EGF-stimulated morphological changes in human rhabdomyosarcoma ...
Giehl Klaudia - - 2005
The ras genes give rise to a family of related GTP-binding proteins that exhibit potent transforming potential. Mutational activation of Ras proteins promotes oncogenesis by disturbing a multitude of cellular processes, such as gene expression, cell cycle progression and cell proliferation, as well as cell survival, and cell migration. Ras ...
Suzuki Ryoko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that radicals stimulate tumor cell growth. We examined if the hydroxyl radical scavenger, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (MCI-186), affects tumor growth in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human hepatocarcinoma HepG2, mesothelioma MSTO-211H, gastric carcinoma TMK-1 and breast carcinoma MCF-7 were used for cell proliferation assay. Cell cycle analysis was ...
Carón Rubén W - - 2005
The abilities of mutated active K-RAS and H-RAS proteins, in an isogenic human carcinoma cell system, to modulate the activity of signaling pathways and cell cycle progression following exposure to ionizing radiation is largely unknown. Loss of K-RAS D13 expression in parental HCT116 colorectal carcinoma cells blunted basal ERK1/2, AKT ...
Xu Ming-Juan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of retinoic acid (RA) on the proliferation and differentiation of a human ovarian carcinoma cell line: 3AO cells. METHODS: 3AO cell proliferation was evaluated by viable cell count, percentage of cells in each cycle phase were analyzed by flow cytometric analysis, alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity ...
Temme Achim - - 2005
Survivin is critically involved in mitosis and when overexpressed enhances the activity of the Aurora B kinase, a serine-threonine kinase belonging to the family of oncogenic Aurora/IpI1p-related kinases. Both proteins interact with Ras GTPase-activating protein suggesting an impact on the Ras pathway. This study aimed at defining the role of ...
Carón Rubén W - - 2005
The abilities of mutated active RAS proteins to modulate cell survival following exposure to ionizing radiation and small molecule kinase inhibitors were examined. Homologous recombination in HCT116 cells to delete the single allele of K-RAS D13 resulted in a cell line that exhibited an approximately 75% reduction in basal extracellular ...
Yalcintepe Leman - - 2005
The cell surface antigen, CD38, is a 45-kDa transmembrane protein which is predominantly expressed on hematopoietic cells during differentiation. As a bifunctional ectoenzyme, it catalyzes the synthesis of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) from NAD(+) and hydrolysis of either NAD(+) or cADPR to ADP-ribose. All-trans-retinoic acid (RA) is a potent and specific ...
Chang Eun-Ju - - 2005
The hydrophobic (HPB) nature of most polymeric biomaterials has been a major obstacle in using those materials in vivo due to low compatibility with cells. However, there is little knowledge of the molecular detail to explain how surface hydrophobicity affects cell responses. In this study, we compared the proliferation and ...
Diermeier Simone - - 2005
Growth factors and Herceptin specifically and differentially modulate cell proliferation of tumor cells. However, the mechanism of action on erbB-receptor level is incompletely understood. We evaluated Herceptin's capacity to modulate erbB-receptor activation and interaction on the cell surface level and thereby potentially impair cell proliferation of HER2/neu (c-erbB2) overexpressing breast ...
Nakamura Hisashi - - 2005
An important recent advance in anticancer therapy was the development of molecular-targeting drugs, such as the epidermal growth-factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting drug ZD1839 (Iressa) and the HER2-trageting anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin). ZD1839 and trastuzumab are reported to improve the therapeutic efficacy of treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and breast ...
Li C - - 2005
Among eight human bladder cancer cell lines we examined, only T24 cells were resistant to the growth inhibition effect of genistein, an isoflavone and potent anticancer drug. Since the T24 cell line was the only cell line known to overexpress oncogenic H-Ras(val 12), we investigated the role of H-Ras(val 12) ...
Guidoboni Massimo - - 2005
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with poor response to therapy and unfavorable prognosis. Here, we show that retinoic acid (RA) isomers significantly inhibit the proliferation of both primary MCL cultures (n = 7) and established cell lines (Granta 519 and SP-53) as shown by [(3)H]thymidine ...
Fukumoto Akihisa - - 2005
Jab1 interacts with a variety of cell cycle and signal transduction regulators to control cell proliferation, differentiation, and tumorigenesis. In this study, we employed a non-denaturing gel electrophoresis method to separate different Jab1-containing complexes, the COP9 signalosome complex and the small Jab1-containing subcomplex. The formation of the small Jab1 complex ...
Chaturvedi Kirti - - 2005
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), which is secreted from folliculostellate cells in the anterior pituitary, is known to be involved in the communication between folliculostellate cells and lactotropes during estradiol-induced lactotropic cell proliferation. We studied the role of MAPK p44/42 in bFGF-regulated cell proliferation using enriched lactotropes and the lactotrope-derived ...
Farias Eduardo F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Retinoic acid receptor (RAR) activation induces cell differentiation and may antagonize cancer progression. Cellular retinol-binding protein I (CRBP-I) functions in retinol storage and its expression is lower in human cancers than in normal cells. We hypothesized that retinol storage might be linked to RAR activation and thus that lowered ...
Nishio Masashi - - 2005
Sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids, gangliosides, are expressed at high levels in the nerve tissues and various tumor cells. Although a number of studies on the roles of gangliosides in the regulation of cell proliferation have been performed, the mechanisms for the regulation are not well understood. We established PC12 transfectant cells ...
Goelden Ulrike - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Retinoic acid (RA) and its derivates possess antiproliferative and tumor-suppressive abilities and are successfully used in the treatment of various malignancies. However, in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), its application did not meet first expectations. As the exact mechanisms of RA action and especially the role of the cellular ...
Lapierre Lynne A - - 2005
Myosin Vb interacts with Rab11 family members and is the major motor protein identified in association with plasma membrane recycling systems in nonpolarized and polarized cells. Using yeast two-hybrid binary screens, we demonstrated that dominant active Rab25S21V fails to interact with myosin Vb, but does interact with Rab11-FIP2. Transfection of ...
Albright Craig D - - 2005
Previous studies show that acute choline deficiency (CD) triggers apoptosis in cultured rat hepatocytes (CWSV-1 cells). We demonstrate that prolonged EGF stimulation (10 ng/mL x 48 hrs) restores cell proliferation, as assessed by BrdU labeling, and protects cells from CD-induced apoptosis, as assessed by TUNEL labeling and cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) ...
Nakayamada Shingo - - 2005
Rho is a major small GTP-binding protein that is involved in the regulation of various cell functions, including proliferation and cell migration, through activation of multiple signaling molecules in various types of cells. We studied its roles in synovial fibroblasts (SFs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and clarified its ...
Groth Anja - - 2005
The ras oncogene transforms immortalized, contact-inhibited non-malignant murine fibroblasts into cells that are focus forming, exhibit increased saturation density, and are malignant in suitable hosts. Here, we examined changes in cell cycle control complexes as normal and Ras-transformed cells ceased to grow exponentially, to reveal the molecular basis for Ras-dependent ...
Barber K J - - 2005
The development of the human placenta involves a complex process of tightly regulated proliferation and invasion by extravillous trophoblast into the uterine decidua. Inadequate placentation is a feature of intrauterine growth restriction and other gestational pathology. There is some evidence that T(3) plays a role in the regulation of these ...
Kim Eun-Joo - - 2005
Activation of Ras or Raf in the human medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) cell line, TT, induces growth arrest and differentiation via two parallel, yet independent, pathways. One of these pathways is intracellular and the other is a cell-extrinsic, autocrine/paracrine pathway mediated by the leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF)/JAK/STAT pathway. Here, we ...
Brahimi Fouad - - 2004
The mechanism of action of ZR2002, a chimeric amino quinazoline designed to possess mixed EGFR tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitory and DNA targeting properties, was compared to those of ZR01, a reversible inhibitor of the same class and PD168393, a known irreversible inhibitor of EGFR. ZR2002 exhibited 4-fold stronger EGFR TK ...
Hamada-Kanazawa Michiko - - 2004
The Sox6 gene is a member of the Sox gene family, which encodes transcription factors, and previous studies have suggested that it plays an important role in the development of the central nervous system. Aggregation of embryonic carcinoma P19 cells with retinoic acid (RA) results in the development of neurons, ...
Moffa Allison B - - 2004
A breast cancer cell line developed in our laboratory (SUM-52PE) has a 12-fold amplification and high-level overexpression of the oncogene fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2). Previously, nine different alternatively spliced FGFR2 variants were isolated from this cell line. Overexpression of two variants that differ only in their carboxyl termini ...
Pian Jerry Pinghwa - - 2004
Oncogenic Ras induces cell-cycle arrest in mammalian cells and in fertilized Xenopus eggs. How oncogenic Ras induces cell-cycle arrest remains unclear. We previously showed that oncogenic Ras induces cell-cycle arrest in activated Xenopus egg extracts (cycling extracts) and that the induced cell-cycle arrest correlates with hyperphosphorylation of a 32 kDa ...
Miller J H - - 2004
Peloruside A (peloruside), a compound isolated from the marine sponge Mycale hentscheli , inhibits growth of human (HL-60) and mouse (32D-ras) myeloid leukemic cells, as well as non-transformed 32D cells. Using the MTT cell proliferation assay and trypan blue dye exclusion tests, little difference was seen in growth inhibition between ...
Sovová Vlasta - - 2004
In epithelial cells, the cell surface glycoprotein E-cadherin is a key molecule in the establishment of cell-cell adhesion. In addition to its contribution to cell adhesion, E-cadherin was found to induce ligand-independent activation of the EGF receptor (EGFR), likely as a result of their co-clustering. As it has also been ...
Savaskan Egemen - - 2004
We investigated the immunohistochemical distribution of 3 components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II (AngII) and AT1 receptor (AT1), in the human eye. ACE and AngII were localized to nonpigmented epithelial cells of the ciliary body, to endothelial and epithelial cells of the cornea, to epithelial ...
Yoon Jung-Hwan - - 2004
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling has been implicated in the genesis and progression of cholangiocarcinoma. However, the characteristics of EGFR signaling in cholangiocarcinoma cells have not been characterized. Thus, we attempted to more fully characterize EGF/EGFR signaling in human cholangiocarcinoma cells. EGFR phosphorylation and ubiquitination were evaluated using immunoblot ...
Lee Yi-Fen - - 2004
In our previous studies, the TR4 orphan nuclear receptor (TR4) has been demonstrated to suppress retinoic acid (RA)-induced transactivation via a negative feedback control mechanism and in situ analysis showed that TR4 is extensively expressed in mouse brain, especially in regions where the cells are proliferating. To further study the ...
Wang Shur-Jen - - 2004
Chemotaxis, directed cell migration in a gradient of chemoattractant, is an important biological phenomenon that plays pivotal roles in cancer metastasis. Newly developed microfluidic chemotaxis chambers (MCC) were used to study chemotaxis of metastatic breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231, in EGF gradients of well-defined profiles. Migration behaviors of MDA-MB-231 cells in ...
Tracy Sean - - 2004
Somatic mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have recently been described in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who achieve radiographic regressions to the EGFR inhibitor gefitinib. One of these mutations, L858R (Leu-->Arg), is also found in NSCLC cell line H3255, which is ...
Kalli Kimberly R - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Development of targeted therapeutics for ovarian cancer requires a basic understanding of ovarian epithelial carcinoma cell biology. The role of estrogen and epidermal growth factor (EGF) in control of cell growth was investigated in a panel of ovarian carcinoma lines. METHODS: EGF receptor (EGFR) was detected by flow cytometry ...
Chen Zhuo - - 2004
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) contribute to development of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Simultaneously blocking both EGFR and Cox-2-mediated pathways may be an efficient means of inhibiting cancer cell growth in SCCHN. A combination of EGFR-selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) AG1478 or ...
Mouneimne Ghassan - - 2004
The epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced increase in free barbed ends, resulting in actin polymerization at the leading edge of the lamellipodium in carcinoma cells, occurs as two transients: an early one at 1 min and a late one at 3 min. Our results reveal that phospholipase (PLC) is required for ...
Staun-Ram Elsebeth - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the invasiveness of first trimester trophoblasts according to the secretion profile of MMP-2 and -9 at different gestational stages, and to test the similarity between primary trophoblast cell-culture and the JAR choriocarcinoma cell-line. METHODS: First trimester trophoblasts were divided into two ...
Won Jun Yeon - - 2004
The aim of this study was to confirm if catabolism of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) is enhanced by type I cellular retinoic acid binding protein (CRABP-I) expression and to investigate the effect of this enhanced catabolism on cell proliferation of the head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell line, ...
Kim Seonhoe - - 2004
Many studies have focused on the anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic or chemopreventive activities of capsaicin (trans-8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) which is a major pungent ingredient in red pepper. We have previously shown that capsaicin selectively induces apoptosis in H-ras-transformed MCF10A human breast epithelial cells but not in their normal cell counterparts (Int. J. Cancer, 103, ...
Morazzani Marie - - 2004
A431 cells escape EGF-induced apoptosis by forming cell aggregates. We show that these clusters migrate and merge with neighboring ones, resulting in larger structures composed of a multilayer central (3D) population surrounded by a cell monolayer (2D). We found that after 48 hr of 10 nM EGF treatment, 3D structure ...
LeVea C M - - 2004
The normal human breast epithelial cell line, MCF10A, was used to investigate the mechanism by which high-density inhibits EGF-dependent cell cycle progression. EGF-dependent Akt activation was found to be transient in high-density cells and sustained in low-density cells. High-density cells also showed decreased EGF receptor (EGFR) autophosphorylation, decreased retinoblastoma protein ...
Price Daniel J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The risks for developing breast carcinoma and dying from the disease increase with age. Mortality from breast carcinoma usually is due to metastatic disease. Metastatic cells are able to invade into the vascular tissue in a growth factor-dependent manner. Because breast carcinoma mortality increases with age, examination of breast ...
Rüger Beate - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To find evidence for the presence of endothelial precursor cells, which can induce new vessel formation, in the synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Precursor cells in the synovial tissue of 18 RA patients and 15 OA patients were identified by immunohistochemistry, morphometric ...
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