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Results 301 - 350 of 1704
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Vermot Julien - - 2006
Retinoic acid (RA), the active vitamin A derivative, is an important developmental signaling molecule in vertebrates. In this study, we have assessed whether minimal numbers and/or specific distributions of RA-producing cells can support normal mouse embryonic development. Retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (RALDH2) is the main RA-synthesizing enzyme acting during development. We ...
Borutinskaite Veronika V - - 2006
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is believed to be the central cause of cervical cancer. The viral proteins E6 and E7 from high-risk HPV types prevent cells from differentiating apoptosis and inducing hyperproliferative lesions. Human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells contain integrated human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV-18). Retinoic acid (RA) is a ...
Lakard Sophie - - 2007
In this study, we used a neuronal cell line generated by transfection of rat olfactory epithelium with immortalizing recombinant oncogene E1A of adenovirus-2. The resulting 13.S.1.24 line of transformed cells expressed an antigenic phenotype of olfactory neuronal progenitors. Time-dependency assessments over 1 week of treatment indicated that apoptosis and differentiation ...
Walker Francesca - - 2007
The site of action of growth factors on mammalian cell cycle has been assigned to the boundary between the G1 and S phases. We show here that Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) is also required for mitosis. BaF/3 cells expressing the EGFR (BaF/wtEGFR) synthesize DNA in response to EGF, but arrest ...
Lev-Ari Shahar - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggested that curcumin inhibits growth of malignant cells via inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity. Other studies indicated that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is also inhibited by curcumin in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, recent investigations revealed an intracellular cross-talk between EGFR signaling and the COX-2 pathway. ...
Tsukane Mariko - - 2007
Apoptosis or programmed cell death is considered to be involved in neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is characterized by intracellular aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau, a microtubule-associated protein. To investigate the induction of apoptosis by abnormal tau resembling AD, cultured cells may be useful tools. We developed a cell ...
Nueda María-Luisa - - 2007
The EGF-like homeotic gene Dlk1 appears to function as an inhibitor of adipogenesis. Overexpression of Dlk1 prevents adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells. Dlk1-deficient mice are obese; however, adipose tissue still develops in Fc-dlk1 transgenic mice, suggesting that Dlk1 is not a strict inhibitor of adipogenesis. To clarify the role of Dlk1 ...
Willmarth Nicole E - - 2006
Amphiregulin (AR) autocrine loops have been associated with several types of cancer. We demonstrate that SUM149 breast cancer cells have a self-sustaining AR autocrine loop. SUM149 cells are epidermal growth factor (EGF)-independent for growth, and they overexpress AR mRNA, AR membrane precursor protein, and secreted AR relative to the EGF-dependent ...
Meyer Lars-Henrik - - 2006
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the joints that can cause severe disability. While the role of inflammatory cells in the pathogenesis of RA has been well established, the specific contribution of resident cells within the synovial membrane, especially those of mesenchymal origin, has become the object ...
Kontny E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Taurine chloramine (Tau-Cl), originating from activated neutrophils, possesses antiinflammatory activities. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) participate in the chronic synovitis and synovial membrane hyperplasia that are characteristic pathological features of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The present study was conducted to investigate the mechanism of the Tau-Cl effect on the proliferation ...
Tsang Wing-Pui - - 2006
Alteration of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) signaling pathway occurs frequently in human cancer cells and may subsequently affect the cell survival towards anti-cancer agents. To elucidate the effect of long-term EGF treatment on the chemo-sensitivity of human cancer cells, human squamous carcinoma A431 cells (AP) were incubated continuously with ...
Maiello Monica R - - 2007
AKT and MAPK signaling are involved in the resistance of breast cancer cells to the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib. RAS proteins are upstream mediators that transfer messages from surface receptors to intracellular signal transducers including MAPK and AKT pathways. AZD3409 is a novel prenyl inhibitor that has shown activity ...
Kazazic Maja - - 2006
Caveolae-dependent endocytosis has recently been proposed in the uptake of EGF receptor (EGFR) at high concentrations of ligand. Consistently, upon incubation of HEp2 and HeLa cells with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin, we observed a small inhibitory effect on endocytosis of ligated EGFR in HEp2 cells. However, immunoelectron microscopy showed the same relative amount ...
Huang Jin-Wen - - 2006
Syndecan-2 was found to detach from RACK1 and associate with caveolin-2 and Ras in cells transformed with oncogenic ras. Most of syndecan-2 from transformed cells was revealed with negligible phosphorylations at tyrosine residues. We experimented with HeLa cells transfected with plasmids encoding syndecan-2 and its mutants (syndecan-2(Y180F), syndecan-2(Y192F), and syndecan-2(Y180,192F)) ...
Reddy Nanga Ravi Prakash - - 2007
Milk fat globule-EGF-factor 8-L (MFG-E8L) is secreted by activated macrophages and functions as a linker protein or opsonin between the dying cells and phagocytes. MFG-E8L recognizes the apoptotic or dying cells by specifically binding to Phosphatidylserine (PS) exposed on the outer cell surface and enhances the engulfment of the apoptotic ...
Fikaris Aphrothiti J - - 2006
Genetic evidence indicates that Ras plays a critical role in the initiation and progression of human thyroid tumors. Paradoxically, acute expression of activated Ras in normal rat thyroid cells induced deregulated cell cycle progression and apoptosis. We investigated whether cell cycle progression was required for Ras-stimulated apoptosis. Ras increased CDK-2 ...
Yoneda Tsutomu - - 2006
EGFR is involved in the density-dependent inhibition of cell growth, while coexpression of EGFR with erbB2 can render normal cells transformed. In this study, we have examined the effect of a species of p185 that contains the transmembrane domain and the extracellular domain of p185(c-neu), on growth properties of a ...
Andreatta-Van Leyen, Sheila
Growth factors are regulatory peptides involved in many processes of cell physiology and pathology, including tissue repair and tumor growth. Part of this work concerned the development of a genetically engineered biological bandage (GEBB) designed to improve wound healing. Human epidermal keratinocytes (SCC-13) were genetically engineered to produce bovine growth ...
Jeong Soon-Jeong - - 2006
Dynamin has been implicated in the formation of nascent vesicles through both endocytic and secretory pathways. However, dynamin has recently been implicated in altering the cell membrane shape during cell migration associated with cytoskeleton-related proteins. Myosin II has been implicated in maintaining cell morphology and in cellular movement. Therefore, reciprocal ...
Mora Nancy - - 2007
Mutations in the small GTPase R-Ras that promote constitutive activation of this signaling molecule have been observed in a variety of invasive cancer cell types. We previously reported that expression of an oncogenic form of R-Ras (R-Ras87L) in a cell line of cervical cancer (C33A cells) augments cell growth in ...
Jiang An-Li - - 2006
AIM: To study the regulatory effects of 9-cis retinoic acid (RA) on the expression of human homeobox gene NKX3.1 in prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. METHODS: Flow cytometry, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were performed to evaluate the effects of 9-cis RA on NKX3.1 expression and cell ...
O'Callaghan-Sunol Cornelia - - 2006
Upon cancer progression in mouse models of prostate cancer, the heat shock transcription factor Hsf1 becomes strongly upregulated, especially in metastases. We hypothesized that Hsf1 plays a role in cell migration, a process necessary for metastases. Using a cell culture model of migration in a scratch, we found that immortalized ...
Kashef Kimia - - 2006
Retinoic acid (RA) is a morphogen that induces endodermal differentiation of murine P19 embryonic carcinoma cells. RA-induced differentiation of P19 cells has been used as a model system to define the differentiation programs of pluripotent stem cells. Using this system it has been shown that G alpha13--the alpha-subunit of the ...
Kwon Osong - - 2006
Chemoresistance has been one of the major problems in anticancer therapy. In our effort to find a potential molecular target for overcoming the chemoresistance in prostate cancer, a promising anticancer drug trichostatin A (TSA) induced cell death was found to be compromised by enhanced NF-kappaB activation in 267B1/K-ras human prostate ...
Morinobu Akio - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effects of trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, on the growth and survival of rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RA-SF). METHODS: Cell viability was assessed using a WST-8 assay and direct cell counting. Apoptosis was detected by annexin V staining on a flow cytometer. Protein and ...
Song Lanxi - - 2006
Mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) selectively activate Akt and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathways that are important in lung cancer cell survival. Src family kinases can cooperate with receptor tyrosine kinases to signal through downstream molecules, such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/PTEN/Akt and STATs. Based on ...
Kavanaugh Arthur F - - 2006
Reported data from recent clinical trials have contributed substantially to our growing understanding of the potential effectiveness and safety of B cell targeted therapy in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. Trials with rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that depletes mature B cells, have amassed the most data of any B ...
Jansson Anna L - - 2006
Intracellular targeting of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa toxins, such as exoenzyme S (ExoS), cause cell death, as well as morphological and physiological changes in various tissue culture cells and animal models. In this report we have investigated the mechanism behind ExoS-mediated cell death. In order to address this issue, we have ...
Van Schaeybroeck Sandra - - 2006
Activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations have been linked with sensitivity to gefitinib and erlotinib; however, there are no established predictive markers for response to the combination of EGFR inhibitors with standard chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In this study, we characterized a panel of human ...
Ethier, Stephen P.
Over the past several years our laboratory has been studying factors that regulate proliferation of normal human mammary epithelial (HME) cells in order to better understand the alterations in cellular growth control mechanisms that occur during breast cancer development. To perform these experiments, we have either modified or developed cell ...
Zhao Xiaorong - - 2006
Interaction between epidermal growth factor (EGF) and EGF receptor (EGFR) promotes cell growth in most cell lines, but in a number of cell lines, EGF paradoxically inhibits proliferation. In the present study, we established a cell line expressing full-length human EGFR on membrane with a GFP fluorescence reporter at the ...
McDonald Jocelyn A - - 2006
Cell migration is an important feature of embryonic development as well as tumor metastasis. Border cells in the Drosophila ovary have emerged as a useful in vivo model for uncovering the molecular mechanisms that control many aspects of cell migration including guidance. It was previously shown that two receptor tyrosine ...
Alexandrova Antonina Y - - 2006
Expression of activated Ras causes an increase in intracellular content of reactive oxygen species (ROS). To determine the role of ROS up-regulation in mediation of Ras-induced morphological transformation and increased cell motility, we studied the effects of hydrogen peroxide and antioxidant NAC on morphology of REF52 rat fibroblasts and their ...
Rodríguez A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The conversion of retinol (ROH) to retinoic acid (RA) is crucial during development but has been not studied during blastocyst formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In vitro-produced bovine morulae were treated for 24 h with citral (which inhibits the synthesis of RA from ROH), citral + all trans retinoic acid ...
Weyand Cornelia M - - 2006
T cells regulate the disease process in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on multiple levels and represent a logical choice for anti-inflammatory therapy. In the inflamed joint they promote neoangiogenesis and lymphoid organogenesis, and stimulate synoviocyte proliferation and development of bone-eroding osteoclasts. The design of T-cell-targeted therapies for RA needs to take ...
Bastien J - - 2006
Retinoic acid (RA) induces cell growth arrest and differentiation through two families of nuclear receptors, the RARs and the RXRs. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway also plays key roles in these processes, that is, cell cycle progression, cell differentiation and cell survival. We report that, in mouse embryocarcinoma cells (F9 ...
Takahashi Tohyama Chikako - - 2006
The immunohistochemical staining of cyclins was done to evaluate the proliferating cells in synovial tissue of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Synovial specimens obtained from 18 patients with RA, 12 with osteoarthritis (OA), and 8 with traumatic arthritis (TA) were used for immunostaining of cyclins A and B1 and proliferating cell nuclear ...
Hambek Markus - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, new chemotherapy regimens with promising activity, especially in first-line therapy (induction chemotherapy) of head and neck cancer (SCCHN), have been developed. Nevertheless, a major problem concerning the response of SCCHN to chemotherapy is the high percentage of resting cells (G0-phase cells) being resistant to chemotherapy. To ...
Hoshimoto Sojun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We previously showed the usefulness of a fused protein of human pancreatic ribonuclease1 (hRNase1) with human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) for molecular targeting of EGF receptor (EGFR)-overexpressing cells. In this study, the mechanisms underlying the inhibition of cell growth by RNase-EGF fused proteins was confirmed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Des.1-7 ...
Laezza Chiara - - 2006
The physiological effects of a variety of N6-substituted adenine and adenosine derivatives called cytokinins have been documented in plants, but information on their occurrence and function in other biological system is limited. Here we investigated the anti-proliferative effect of N6-isopentenyladenosine (i6A), an adenosine and isoprenoid derivative, in a thyroid cell ...
Codony-Servat Jordi - - 2006
The cellular and molecular effects of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib on breast cancer cells are as yet poorly characterized. Here, in a panel of six breast cancer cell lines, bortezomib reduced viability in a concentration-dependent, time-dependent, and cell line-dependent manner. Proteasome activity was relatively high in two of the three ...
Angelucci Adriano - - 2006
The activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) plays a key role in the promotion of proliferation and invasion in prostatic carcinoma (PCa). Gefitinib (Iressa; ZD1839), an orally active EGF-R tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has shown an important anti-proliferative activity in tumors expressing EGF-R both in vitro and in vivo. Our ...
Rössler Jochen - - 2006
Neuroblastoma (NB) expresses the tyrosine kinase receptors c-Kit, PDGFR-alpha and -beta-targets for STI-571. We investigated a possible combination therapy of STI-571 with retinoic acid (RA) and gamma-irradiation on NB cell viability in vitro. Expression of tyrosine kinase receptors and their ligands was examined in 6 NB cell lines by RT-PCR ...
Conte da Frota Mario Luiz ML - - 2006
In this work we investigated the effects of retinoic acid (RA) in Sertoli cells. Sertoli cells isolated from 15-day-old Wistar rats were previously cultured for 48 h and then treated with RA for 24 h. RA at high doses (1-10 microM) increased TBARS levels and induced a decrease in cell ...
Edinger Robert S - - 2006
Aldosterone acts to increase apical membrane permeability by activation of epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaC). We have previously shown that aldosterone activates ENaC early in the course of its action by stimulating the methylation of the beta subunit of this heteromeric channel in A6 cells. Aldosterone also stimulates the expression and ...
Santra Manoranjan - - 2006
We employed an in vitro hypoxia cell culture model system and gene transfer technology to examine the effect of the decorin gene on cell survival against oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD). Ectopic expression of decorin in subventricular zone (SVZ) cells from adult male mouse brain and human glioblastoma U-87 cells ...
Pozzi Ambra - - 2006
The collecting system of the kidney, derived from the ureteric bud (UB), undergoes repetitive bifid branching events during early development followed by a phase of tubular growth and elongation. Although members of the Ras GTPase family control cell growth, differentiation, proliferation, and migration, their role in development of the collecting ...
Khwaja Arif - - 2006
Ras monomeric GTPases are pivotal to many core cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation. The post-translational prenylation of Ras with a farnesyl or a geranylgeranyl moiety is thought to be critical for its membrane binding and consequent signaling activity. Inhibitors of Ras prenylation have an anti-proliferative effect in some ...
Tsukane Mariko - - 2006
Apoptosis or programmed cell death is considered to be involved in neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is characterized by intracellular aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau, a microtubule-associated protein. To investigate the effect of the overexpression of tau in P19 cells, we engineered P19 wild-type cells (P19wt) stably expressing human ...
Joshi S - - 2006
Long-term treatment with all trans-retinoic acid (RA) induces neuronal differentiation and apoptosis. However, the effect of short-term RA treatment on cell proliferation, migration and invasion of neuroblastoma cell lines (SH-SY5Y and IMR-32) remains unclear. RA induces expression of tissue-transglutaminase (TGase) and promotes migration and invasion after 24 h of treatment ...
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