Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1704
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Fortwendel Jarrod R - - 2008
The Ras family of proteins is a large group of monomeric GTPases. Members of the fungal Ras family act as molecular switches that transduce signals from the outside of the cell to signaling cascades inside the cell. A. fumigatus RasA is 94% identical to the essential RasA gene of Aspergillus ...
Nojima Hisashi - - 2008
Proliferation of epithelial cells must be spatiotemporally regulated to maintain the organization of epithelial sheets. Here we show that the IQGAP family, comprising IQGAP1, 2 and 3, underlies lateral cell-cell contacts of epithelial cells. Of the three proteins, IQGAP3 is unique in that its expression is specifically confined to proliferating ...
Weyergang Anette - - 2008
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a selective treatment modality against cancer. PDT is based on the preferential retention of photosensitizers (PSs), in the tumour and subsequent light exposure which activates the PS and generates reactive oxygen species. Multimodality therapy is increasingly relevant in cancer treatment and PDT has been shown as ...
Ito Naoki - - 2008
Rosmarinic acid (RA) is one of major polyphenolic ingredients of Perillae Herba (a leaf of Perilla frutescens), and has an antidepressant-like property in animal models of depression. However, the mechanism(s) underlying this activity are unknown. Recent studies have reported that regulation of hippocampal neurogenesis is associated with the pathogenesis of ...
Adachi Seiji - - 2008
We recently found that the inhibitory effect of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on epidermal growth factor (EGF) binding to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is associated with alterations in lipid organization in the plasma membrane of colon cancer cells. Since changes in lipid organizations are thought to play a role ...
Hromadnikova Ilona - - 2008
The transplacental cell transfer naturally takes place during pregnancy and occurs bi-directionally between the mother and fetus. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and sex determining region Y (SRY) gene as a marker, we examined the presence of male fetal cells in cell cultures derived from synovial tissues and ...
Ji Hong - - 2008
Exosomes are membrane vesicles of endocytic origin released by many cell types. The molecular composition of exosomes reflects the specialised functions of their original cells. For example, these vesicles can mediate communication through their ability to bind to target cells, facilitating processes such as vascular homeostasis and antigen presentation. Although ...
Beli Petra - - 2008
Lamellipodia/ruffles and filopodia are protruding organelles containing short and highly branched or long and unbranched actin filaments, respectively. The microscopic morphology, dynamic development and protein signature of both lamellipodia/ruffles and filopodia have been investigated; however, little is known about the mechanisms by which cells coordinate the formation of these actin-based ...
Trottier Claire - - 2008
Measles virus (MV) infects 30 million children every year, resulting in more than half a million deaths. Vitamin A (retinol) treatment of acute measles can reduce measles-associated mortality by 50-80%. We sought to determine whether or not retinoids can act directly to limit MV output from infected cells. Physiologic concentrations ...
Kolokoltsova Olga A - - 2008
Virus-host interactions essential for alphavirus pathogenesis are poorly understood. To address this shortcoming, we coupled retrovirus insertional mutagenesis and a cell survival selection strategy to generate clonal cell lines broadly resistant to Sindbis virus (SINV) and other alphaviruses. Resistant cells had significantly impaired SINV production relative to wild-type (WT) cells, ...
Hanke Neale T - - 2008
A cell line that produces mouse squamous cell carcinoma (6M90) was modified to develop a cell line with an introduced Tet-responsive catalase transgene (MTOC2). We have previously reported that the overexpressed catalase in the MTOC2 cells reverses the malignant phenotype in part by decreasing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling. ...
Ouyang Mingxing - - 2008
Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) plays a critical role in cancer cell biology by proteolytically remodeling the extracellular matrix. Utilizing fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) imaging, we have developed a novel biosensor, with its sensing element anchoring at the extracellular surface of cell membrane, to visualize MT1-MMP activity dynamically ...
Rout Michael P - - 2008
A cell regulates the number, size, and kind of each organelle it possesses in response to its particular role in an environment or tissue. Yet we still know little about how the molecular signaling networks within each cell perform such regulation. In this issue, Saleem et al. (Saleem, R.A., B. ...
Shatos Marie A - - 2008
To determine whether activation of the ERK pathway by EGF leads to rat and human goblet cell proliferation. The conjunctiva was removed from male Sprague-Dawley rats. Human conjunctiva was removed during ocular surgery. The tissue was minced and goblet cells were grown. The cells were stimulated with EGF (10(-7) M) ...
Erdogan, Mete
The development of cancer in humans is characterized by the accumulation of genetic alterations that either enhance or diminish activity in signaling pathways mediating cellular growth and proliferation. Over time these alterations gradually transform normal cells into malignant cells with aberrant properties. This process of transformation gives rise to cancerous ...
Chen Yuhong - - 2008
B-cell development is orchestrated by complex signaling networks. Rap1 is a member of the Ras superfamily of small GTP-binding proteins and has 2 isoforms, Rap1a and Rap1b. Although Rap1 has been suggested to have an important role in a variety of cellular processes, no direct evidence demonstrates a role for ...
Willmarth, Nicole E.
We have previously shown that an AR/EGFR autocrine loop is required for SUM149 human breast cancer cell proliferation, motility and invasion. In the present studies, we demonstrate that SUM149 cells and human mammary epithelial MCF10A cells that over express AR (MCF10A AR) or are cultured in the presence of exogenous ...
Kou Wei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been found to process neuroprotective effects. However, the exact cellular mechanisms are not well understood. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is one of neurotrophins, which is involved in neuron differentiation, survival, and synaptogenesis. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, the ...
Verschueren P C P M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) target cells positive for phosphorylated (P)-SMAD1/5, in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium. METHODS: Synovial biopsies were obtained by needle arthroscopy. Anti-P-SMAD1/5 antibodies were used for Western blot (WB) on protein extracts from RA and normal synovium and for immunostaining of synovial biopsy sections. ...
Malik Minnie - - 2008
Uterine leiomyomas are clinically significant tumours that may develop due to an altered differentiation pathway. We have previously identified a dysregulated retinoic acid (RA) pathway that reduced retinoic exposure in human leiomyoma surgical specimens, and have shown that the leiomyoma phenotype was characterized by excessive and disorganized extracellular matrix (ECM). ...
Choi, Su-La
We employed human SK-MEL-28 cells as a model system to identify cellular proteins that accompany N-(4-methyl)phenyl-O-(4-methoxy)phenyl-thionocarbamate (MMTC)-induced apoptosis based on a proteomic approach. Cell viability tests revealed that SK-MEL-28 skin cancer cells underwent more cell death than normal HaCaT cells in a dose-dependent manner after treatment with MMTC. Two-dimensional electrophoresis ...
de Gorter David J J - - 2008
Chemokine-controlled migration plays a critical role in B-cell development, differentiation, and function, as well as in the pathogenesis of B-cell malignancies, including the plasma cell neoplasm multiple myeloma (MM). Here, we demonstrate that stimulation of B cells and MM cells with the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) induces strong migration ...
Li Zhong - - 2008
Genistein is an isoflavonoid present in soybeans that exhibits anti-carcinogenic effect. Several studies have shown that genistein can trigger G2/M cell cycle arrest and inhibit cell growth in human breast cancer cells. In the present study, we assessed the role of MEK-ERK cascade in regulation of genistein-mediated G2/M cell cycle ...
Kono Tokuyuki - - 2008
Stimulation of the CD155/poliovirus receptor, which localizes in the cell-matrix and at cell-cell junctions, inhibits cell adhesion and enhances cell migration. Necl-5, a mouse homolog of CD155, is implicated in the formation of adherence junctions. Recently, Necl-5 has also been found to enhance cell proliferation via the stimulation of serum ...
Kabuyama Yukihito - - 2008
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic and systemic disease of unknown etiology, is characterized by hyperplasia of synovial cells, which ultimately lead to the destruction of cartilage and bone. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms that lead to RA, we analyzed synovial cells established from patients with RA by oligonucleotide microarrays. Gene ...
Jaramillo Maria L - - 2008
It has been demonstrated that A549 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells are sensitive to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors in in vivo xenograft animal models, but are relatively resistant in conventional in vitro monolayer growth assays. Here, we utilized anchorage-independent cell growth/survival assays as well as motility assays ...
Wicker, Christina Ann
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is an aggressive cancer with a greater than 95% mortality rate and short survival after diagnosis. Chemotherapeutic resistance hinders successful treatment. This resistance is associated with mutations within codon 12 of the K-Ras gene (K-Ras 12), which is present in over 90% of all pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Codon 12 ...
Nishida Yuichiro - - 2008
SH-SY5Y cells exhibit a neuronal phenotype when treated with all-trans retinoic acid (RA), but the molecular mechanism of activation in the signalling pathway mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is unclear. To investigate this mechanism, we compared the gene expression profiles in SK-N-SH cells and two subtypes of SH-SY5Y cells (SH-SY5Y-A ...
Pongratz Georg - - 2008
The pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most common rheumatic disease, is still an unsolved puzzle. For many years, T-cells were the main focus of research, but recently, the B-cell drew more and more attention not least, due to the observation in humans that the anti-CD20 antibody Retuximab, which selectively ...
Zheng Yiqing - - 2008
The survival of cochlear epithelial cells is of considerable importance, biologically. However, little is known about the growth factor(s) that are involved in the survival of cochlear sensory epithelial cells. In this study, we demonstrated that epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays a role in the survival of cochlear epithelial cells. ...
Nishimura Yukio - - 2008
Gefitinib (Iressa)-a specific inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase-has been shown to suppress the activation of EGFR signaling required for cell survival and proliferation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. We recently provided novel evidence that gefitinib-sensitive PC9 cells show normal endocytosis of EGFR: internalized ...
Cai Xiu-Mei - - 2008
Previous studies demonstrated the EGF-targeted phagemid particles carrying siRNA against Akt could be expressed efficiently in the presence of hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT). However, no significant cell growth inhibition was obtained. This study was to further investigate whether the EGF-targeted phagemid particles carrying siRNA would be a promising tool for anti-cancer siRNA ...
Lesma Elena - - 2008
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a tumor syndrome caused by mutations in TSC1 or TSC2 genes, is characterized by the development of hamartomas. We previously isolated, from an angiomyolipoma of a TSC2 patient, a homogenous population of smooth muscle-like cells (TSC2(-/-) ASM cells) that have a mutation in the TSC2 gene ...
Messi Elio - - 2008
Neuroblastoma is a severe pediatric tumor, histologically characterised by a variety of cellular phenotypes. One of the pharmacological approaches to neuroblastoma is the treatment with retinoic acid. The mechanism of action of retinoic acid is still unclear, and the development of resistance to this differentiating agent is a great therapy ...
Shyu R-Y - - 2008
The HRAS-like suppressor 2 (HRASLS2) gene belongs to the H-REV107 gene family involved in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. HRASLS2 is expressed at high levels in normal tissues of the small intestine, kidney, and trachea. We cloned HRASLS2 cDNA from human SW480 colon cancer cells. Most wild-type, and ...
Langton Simne - - 2008
CYP26A1, a cytochrome P450 enzyme, metabolizes all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) into polar metabolites, e.g. 4-oxo-RA and 4-OH-RA. To determine if altering RA metabolism affects embryonic stem (ES) cell differentiation, we disrupted both alleles of Cyp26a1 by homologous recombination. CYP26a1(-/-) ES cells had a 11.0+/-3.2-fold higher intracellular RA concentration than Wt ES ...
Martínez-García Eva - - 2008
Cigarette smoking is the major preventable cause of lung cancer in developed countries. Nicotine (3-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)-pyridine) is one of the major alkaloids present in tobacco. Besides its addictive properties, its effects have been described in panoply of cell types. In fact, recent studies have shown that nicotine behaves as a tumor ...
Kanemura Nobuhiro - - 2008
We examined the effects of 9-cis retinoic acid (RA) on the expression levels of retinoid X receptor alpha (RXR alpha) and its phosphorylated form (p-RXR alpha) in HL-60 and HL-60R cells. 9-cis RA reduced both RXR alpha and p-RXR alpha in HL-60 cells, but did neither in HL-60R cells. However, ...
Telang, Sucheta
Abstract Background Neoplastic cells increase glycolysis in order to produce anabolic precursors and energy within the hypoxic environment of a tumor. Ras signaling is activated in several cancers and has been found to regulate metabolism by enhancing glycolytic flux to lactate. We examined the effects of sequential immortalization and H-Ras ...
Marczi Saska - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: 4-Methyl-2,7-diamino-5,10-diphenyl-4,9-diazapyrenium hydrogensulfate (ADAP) is a potential antitumor compound because of its DNA and RNA intercalating ability. In this study, cellular uptake, intracellular distribution as well as mechanism of action, antitumor activity in vitro and toxicity in vivo of ADAP were investigated. METHODS: Based on the fluorescence properties of ADAP, ...
Gu Jian - - 2008
The amount of mucin on the ocular surface is regulated by the rate of mucin synthesis, mucin secretion, and the number of goblet cells. We have previously shown that cholinergic agonists are potent stimuli of mucin secretion. In contrast, there have been no studies on the control of goblet cell ...
Dise Rebecca S - - 2008
Regulated intestinal epithelial cell migration plays a key role in wound healing and maintenance of a healthy gastrointestinal tract. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates cell migration and wound closure in intestinal epithelial cells through incompletely understood mechanisms. In this study we investigated the role of the small GTPase Rac in ...
Kang Dae-Young - - 2007
The RET/PTC-RAS-BRAF cascade is associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The relationship between PTC and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is still elusive. To determine whether thyrocytes showing oxyphil cell metaplasia in HT also express RET, RAS, and ERK proteins, which are associated with PTC. We investigated the expression of RET, RAS, ...
Ding Guo Qiang - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) messenger RNA (mRNA) in human sinus mucosa and to compare the expression of EGFR and EGF among patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), patients with CRS and nasal polyposis (CRS/NP), and a healthy control group. DESIGN: Maxillary sinus ostia mucosa ...
Datta Sonal S Division of Cancer Biology and Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60201, - - 2007
Elevated expression of Bmi-1 is associated with many cancers, including breast cancer. Here, we examined the oncogenic potential of Bmi-1 in MCF10A cells, a spontaneously immortalized, nontransformed strain of human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC). Bmi-1 overexpression alone in MCF10A cells did not result in oncogenic transformation. However, Bmi-1 co-overexpression with ...
Tiezzi Daniel G - - 2007
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in epithelial cells has been indicated as an important component of neoplastic transformation although, the genetic mechanism involved in this process has not been defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of different genes related to EMT such as E-cadherin, TGFbeta1, TGFbeta2, h-RAS, ...
Niu Jian - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was to investigate if downregulation of IGF1R and EGFR by RNA interference (RNAi) would sensitize human liver cancer cells (HEPG2, Huh7 ) to adriamycin. METHODS: HEPG2, Huh7 cell lines were transfected IGF1R siRNAs and EGFR siRNAs and IGF1R or EGFR mRNA level was determined by RT-PCR and ...
Joslin Elizabeth J - - 2007
EGF family ligands are synthesized as membrane-anchored precursors whose proteolytic release yields mature diffusible factors that can activate cell surface receptors in autocrine or paracrine mode. Expression of these ligands is altered in pathological states and in physiological processes, such as development and tissue regeneration. Despite the widely documented biological ...
Sommer Klaus W - - 2007
Survivin protein accomplishes two basic functions: cell cycle regulation and control of apoptosis. It is only expressed in G2/M phase and it influences rescue pathways in apoptosis-induced cells. Overexpression of constitutive active c-H-ras in HeLa, or induction of c-H-ras in a stable HeLaDiR cell line, led to sustained survivin expression ...
Singh Amar B - - 2007
Heparin-binding (HB)-EGF, a ligand for EGF receptors, is synthesized as a membrane-anchored precursor that is potentially capable of juxtacrine activation of EGF receptors. However, the physiological importance of such juxtacrine signaling remains poorly described, due to frequent inability to distinguish effects mediated by membrane-anchored HB-EGF vs. mature "secreted HB-EGF." In ...
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