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Oh Jee-Sun - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential of targeting Lin28-let7 microRNA regulatory network for overcoming the radioresistance of cancer cells having activated K-Ras signaling. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A549 lung carcinoma cells and ASPC1 pancreatic cancer cells possessing K-RAS mutation were transfected with pre-let7a microRNA or Lin28 siRNA, respectively. Clonogenic assay, quantitative reverse ...
Charette Nicolas - - 2010
Dysregulation of epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor signaling play important roles in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), leading to frequent activation of their downstream targets, the ras/raf/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) pathways. Salirasib is an S-prenyl-cysteine analog that has been shown ...
Zhou Yu - - 2010
Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a member of the epidermal growth factor family that is expressed in many cell types. We have previously reported the effects of HB-EGF on intestinal epithelial cells and endothelial cells after exposure to ischemia/reperfusion in vivo or anoxia/reoxygenation injury in vitro. ...
Guo Jian - - 2010
Antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) are being developed for the treatment of various human cancers. MTT assay was used to test the proliferation of SKOV3 and CaOV3. The splice variant expression of GHRH receptors was examined by RT-PCR. The expression of protein in signal pathway was examined by Western ...
Agelopoulos Konstantin - - 2010
Increased transcription of oncogenes like the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is frequently caused by amplification of the whole gene or at least of regulatory sequences. Aim of this study was to pinpoint mechanistic parameters occurring during egfr copy number gains leading to a stable EGFR overexpression and high sensitivity ...
Stoppoloni Daniela - - 2010
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an aggressive tumor that is resistant to conventional modes of treatment with chemotherapy, surgery or radiation. Research into the molecular pathways involved in the development of MM should yield information that will guide therapeutic decisions. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are involved in ...
Zhang Xi - - 2010
Human Barrett's cancer cell lines have numerous, poorly-characterized genetic abnormalities and, consequently, those lines have limited utility as models for studying the early molecular events in carcinogenesis. Cell lines with well-defined genetic lesions that recapitulate various stages of neoplastic progression in Barrett's esophagus would be most useful for such studies. ...
Pignochino Ymera - - 2010
Advanced biliary tract carcinomas (BTCs) have poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options. Therefore, it is crucial to combine standard therapies with molecular targeting. In this study EGFR, HER2, and their molecular transducers were analysed in terms of mutations, amplifications and over-expression in a BTC case series. Furthermore, we tested the ...
Chetsawang Jirapa - - 2010
It has been reported that overproduction of reactive oxygen species occurs after brain injury and mediates neuronal cells degeneration. In the present study, we examined the role of Ras signaling on hydrogen peroxide-induced neuronal cells degeneration in dopaminergic neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Hydrogen peroxide significantly reduced cell viability in SH-SY5Y cultured ...
Albitar Lina L The Reproductive Molecular Biology Laboratory, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2010
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor (EGFR) constitute a principal growth-promoting pathway in endometrial cancer cells. Pre-clinical studies were undertaken to compare the expression of EGFR isoforms and the downstream effects of activating or blocking EGFR function in Ishikawa H cells, derived from a moderately differentiated type I endometrioid ...
He Xiao-Yan - - 2010
PURPOSE: Down-regulation of let-7 microRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of lung cancer. k-Ras and c-Myc, two key oncogenes in lung cancer, have been found to be targeted by let-7 in vitro. However, the in vivo relevance of these findings is unknown. The aim of the present ...
Shinohara Masahiro - - 2010
A mediating role of the reactive oxygen species-generating enzyme Nox1 has been suggested for Ras oncogene transformation phenotypes including anchorage-independent cell growth, augmented angiogenesis, and tumorigenesis. However, little is known about whether Nox1 signaling regulates cell invasiveness. Here, we report that the cell invasion activity was augmented in K-Ras-transformed normal ...
Koon Ho-Kee - - 2009
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a receptor often expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells, is one of the recently identified molecular targets in cancer treatment. In the present study, the effects of combined treatment of Zn-BC-AM PDT with an EGFR inhibitor AG1478 were investigated. Well-differentiated NPC HK-1 cells were subjected ...
Schunemann Daniel Pretto - - 2010
Accumulating evidences suggest that glutamate plays a key role in the proliferation and invasion of malignant glioblastoma (GBM) tumors. It has been shown that GBM cells release and exploit glutamate for proliferation and invasion through AMPA glutamate receptors. Additionally, amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene occurs in ...
Park Sung-Jin - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potency of EGFR pathway inhibition achieved by combining cetuximab, an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, and genistein, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which target extracellular and intracellular domains of the receptor, respectively, in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in vitro and in vivo. Two ...
Hambruch N - - 2010
In the bovine placenta, multinucleate trophoblast giant cells (TGC), evolving from uninucleate trophoblast cells, are crucial for feto-maternal interaction as they show endocrine activity and the ability to migrate and fuse with caruncular epithelial cells. In contrast to caruncular epithelial cells, the isolation and culture of bovine trophoblast cells is ...
Ishizu Akihiro - - 2010
Overproduction of interleukin (IL)-6 from synovial cells is critically involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) response element-binding protein (CREB), a leucine zipper transcription factor, is expressed at a high level in synovial cells of patients with RA. Although CREB transactivates IL-6 expression in vascular ...
Shen Hua - - 2010
Gefitinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is approved for clinical use in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). According to statistics, NSCLC patients who are female, have adenocarcinoma, or never smoked have a higher response rate to gefitinib treatment. This phenomenon could be due ...
Britson Joel S - - 2009
Lung cancers demonstrate loss of cellular signaling control pathways. EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer cell lines constitutively express active ERK1/2 and require ERK activity for survival. DUSP4 is a negative regulator of ERK activity and is up-regulated in EGFR-mutant lung cancer cell lines relative to K-ras mutant cells. Both DUSP4 ...
Solari Mathieu - - 2010
Atrazine and nitrogenous fertilizers are agrochemical contaminants frequently detected in water systems in North America. Several studies reported their ability to affect amphibian and mammalian development. Retinoids, supplied in the diet or synthesized by cells, are essential to embryogenesis. Disturbance of their homeostasis may lead to teratogenic effects. Retinoic acid ...
Rösner H - - 2010
Twelve human cancer cell lines and one non-malignant cell line were investigated with respect to a potential antiproliferative/cytotoxic activity of molecular iodine and iodolactones. Except CCL221 colon carcinoma cells, the growth of all cancer cell lines decreased if the cells were cultured in the presence of 10 microM molecular iodine ...
Schmidt Martin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The role of estrogens in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is debated since both proinflammatory and antiinflammatory effects have been reported. Important evidence of the dual role of estrogens is conversion to various proinflammatory or antiinflammatory metabolites. This study was undertaken to examine the downstream conversion of estrogens in synovial cells ...
Muras Angelita G - - 2009
Cellular Prion Protein (PrP(C)) is a cell surface protein highly expressed in the nervous system, and to a lesser extent in other tissues. PrP(C) binds to the extracellular matrix laminin and vitronectin, to mediate cell adhesion and differentiation. Herein, we investigate how PrP(C) expression modulates the aggressiveness of transformed cells. ...
Byun Joo-Yun - - 2009
To prevent the development of malignancies, mammalian cells activate disposal programs, such as programmed cell death, in response to deregulated oncogene expression. However, the molecular basis for regulation of cellular disposal machinery in response to activated oncogenes is unclear at present. In this study, we show that upregulation of the ...
Yoo Byong Hoon - - 2010
Detachment of non-malignant epithelial cells from the extracellular matrix causes their growth arrest and, ultimately, death. By contrast, cells composing carcinomas, cancers of epithelial origin, can survive and proliferate without being attached to the extracellular matrix. These properties of tumor cells represent hallmarks of malignant transformation and are critical for ...
Park In Hae - - 2010
Lovastatin is a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor. Its inhibitory action on HMG-CoA reductase leads to depletion of isoprenoids, which inhibits post-translational modification of RAS. In this study, we investigated the effect of combining lovastatin with gefitinib on gefitinib-resistant human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines with K-Ras mutations. ...
Ma Brigette B Y - - 2010
This study evaluated the preclinical activity and molecular predictors of response to gefitinib (Iressa(R), Astra Zeneca Inc, UK) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The activity of gefitinib was evaluated in four human NPC cell lines--HK1, HONE-1, CNE2, C666-1. A representative gefitinib-sensitive (HK1, IC(50) = 250 nM) and gefitinib-resistant cell line (HONE-1, ...
Leyman Shirley - - 2009
Cofilin is a key player in actin dynamics during cell migration. Its activity is regulated by (de)phosphorylation, pH, and binding to phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P(2)]. Here, we here use a human cofilin-1 (D122K) mutant with increased binding affinity for PI(4,5)P(2) and slower release from the plasma membrane to study the role of ...
Dahan Laetitia - - 2009
Oxaliplatin is the first platinum-based compound effective in the treatment of colorectal cancer. Oxaliplatin combined with cetuximab for metastatic colorectal cancer is under evaluation. The preliminary results seem controversial, particularly for the use of cetuximab in K-Ras mutated patients. K-Ras mutation is known to affect redox homeostasis. Here we evaluated ...
Kim So-Young - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The p63 is regarded as a potential stem cell marker. METHODS: Expression of p63 isoforms was examined in normal skin and hyperproliferative conditions including psoriasis and artificial skin equivalents (SEs). Rapidly adhering (RA) and slowly adhering (SA) cells were isolated, and Western blotting was performed. RESULTS: Expression of p63 ...
Ahn Eun Hyun - - 2009
Mechanisms by which the inhibitory effect of retinoic acid on tumor growth is attenuated as tumors progress to more advanced stages are unclear. This study utilizes a novel cell culture system of human breast epithelial cells (HBEC). Immortal (M13SV1), weakly tumorigenic (M13SV1-R2), and highly tumorigenic (M13SV1-R2N1) transformed Type I HBEC ...
Levesque M C - - 2009
B cell-directed therapies are promising treatments for autoimmune disorders. Besides targeting CD20, newer B cell-directed therapies are in development that target other B cell surface molecules and differentiation factors. An increasing number of B cell-directed therapies are in development for the treatment of autoimmune disorders. Like rituximab, which is approved ...
Antonyak Marc A - - 2009
In a recent issue of Molecular Cell, Zheng et al. (2009) describe a surprising set of findings that highlight an unexpected negative regulation of FAK by oncogenic Ras and its consequences for cancer cell migration and invasion.
Hu Jinghui - - 2009
Cdc42-Interacting Protein-4 (CIP4) family adaptors have been implicated in promoting Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) internalization, however, their unique or overlapping functions remain unclear. Here, we show that although CIP4 was not required for early events in clathrin-mediated endocytosis of EGFR, CIP4 localizes to vesicles containing EGFR and Rab5. Furthermore, ...
Pongratz Georg - - 2010
The pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is still an unresolved puzzle. Many factors and inflammatory cells play together to initiate a chronic inflammatory process that, if untreated, leads to complete destruction of involved joints. Recent success in treating severe forms of RA with B cell-depleting or -modifying agents revived the ...
Jutten Barry - - 2009
Despite the clinical use of cetuximab, a chimeric antibody against EGFR, little is known regarding its interaction with EGFRvIII, a frequently expressed deletion mutant of EGFR. Therefore, we investigated the interaction and the functional consequences of cetuximab treatment on glioma cells stably expressing EGFRvIII. The human glioma cell line U373 ...
Bracewell C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest a key role for B cells in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and biological therapies targeting B cells are promising treatments for patients with RA. Atacicept inhibits B cell maturation, differentiation and survival, and immunoglobulin production by depriving B cells of ...
He Yong - - 2009
AIM:Somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2) is the principal mediator of somatostatin's (SST) antiproliferative effects on normal and cancer cells. Therefore, we investigated whether the enhanced expression of SSTR2 could inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells, and, if so, the mechanisms that might be involved. METHODS:SSTR2 expression levels were determined by ...
Tomshine Jin C - - 2009
Rin1 is a Rab5 guanine nucleotide exchange factor that plays an important role in Ras-activated endocytosis and growth factor receptor trafficking in fibroblasts. In this study, we show that Rin1 is expressed at high levels in a large number of non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma cell lines, including Hop62, H650, HCC4006, ...
Kim Jin-Hong - - 2009
Contact-inhibition of proliferation constrains epithelial tissue growth, and the loss of contact-inhibition is a hallmark of cancer cells. In most physiological scenarios, cell-cell contact inhibits proliferation in the presence of other growth-promoting cues, such as soluble growth factors (GFs). How cells quantitatively reconcile the opposing effects of cell-cell contact and ...
Ji Baoan - - 2009
Differentiated pancreatic acinar cells expressing endogenous levels of mutant K-Ras do not spontaneously develop pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, we hypothesized that acinar cells would develop PDAC in the presence of Ras activity levels mimicking those of human tumor cells. We measured Ras activity in PDAC cells from mice and ...
Gao Xuejuan - - 2009
The formation of circular dorsal ruffles upon growth factor stimulation facilitates the static cells for subsequent motility. Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) has been shown to exert some promotive effects on migration and proliferation in various cell types. It is unclear whether LPLI could induce the formation of circular ruffles. In ...
Moss Natalie M - - 2009
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in ovarian carcinomas and promotes cellular responses that contribute to ovarian cancer pathobiology. In addition to modulation of mitogenic and motogenic behavior, emerging data identify EGFR activation as a novel mechanism for rapid modification of the cell surface proteome. The transmembrane collagenase ...
Zhao Xiansi - - 2009
Retinoic acid (RA) induces growth arrest and differentiation of S91 murine melanoma cells and serves as a valuable model for this disease. RA acts through activation of RA receptors (RAR), which are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily of ligand-inducible transcription factors. Interestingly, differentiation is mediated by RARgamma, but not ...
Park Seung-Yeol - - 2009
Growth of epidermoid carcinoma cell lines, A431 and KB, has been known to be controlled by the interaction of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor (EGFR) with tyrosine kinase. Ganglioside GM3 was previously found to interact with EGFR and to inhibit EGFR tyrosine kinase. However, motility of these cells, ...
Nojehdehian Hanieh - - 2009
The pluripotent nature and proliferative capacity of embryonic stem cells make them an attractive cell source for tissue engineering. In this study, the poly-L-lysine-coated PLGA microspheres which contain retinoic acid (RA) as an inducer factor were prepared by using a water-in-oil-in-water emulsion/solvent evaporation technique. Then, pluripotent P19 embryonic carcinoma cells ...
Huang Dong-Hai - - 2009
Nanoparticle quantum dots (QDs) provide sharper and more photostable fluorescent signals than organic dyes, allowing quantification of multiple biomarkers simultaneously. In this study, we quantified the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and E-cadherin (E-cad) in the same cells simultaneously by using secondary antibody-conjugated QDs with two different emission ...
Kang Soouk - - 2009
Breast cancer mortality is strongly related to the invasive and metastatic potential of tumor cells. We previously showed that an active mutant of H-Ras induced invasive phenotype of MCF10A human breast epithelial cells. Membrane anchoring of Ras requires isoprenylation which involves the activity of 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase. In this ...
Cornelissen Ferry - - 2009
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was originally thought to be a T-helper (Th)1-, not a Th2-, associated disorder; however, it currently is unclear whether RA is a Th1- and/or Th17-mediated disease, and what the contributions of these T-cell subsets are in the pathogenesis of RA. Results from studies using different arthritis models ...
Errico Cesare - - 2009
The goal of present work was to investigate the use of bioerodible polymeric nanoparticles as carriers of retinoic acid (RA), which is known to induce differentiation of several cell lines into neurons. A novel method, named "Colloidal-Coating", has been developed for the preparation of nanoparticles based on a copolymer of ...
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