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Matsui Taka-Aki - - 2010
Blockade of the ERK pathway has antitumor effects against malignant tumor cells. In this study, we investigated the antitumor activity of JTP-70902, a novel specific MEK inhibitor, against human fibrosarcoma cells in which the ERK pathway is constitutively activated. JTP-70902 was synthesized at Japan Tabacco. Human fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells were ...
Xie Zhongjian - - 2010
Phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1), a tyrosine kinase substrate, has been implicated in the pathway for the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-induced cell migration. However, the underlying mechanism by which PLC-gamma1 mediates EGFR-induced cell migration remains elusive. In the present study, we sought to determine whether the lipase activity of PLC-gamma1 is ...
Xie Zhongjian - - 2010
Phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1) is a multiple-domain protein and plays an important role in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced cell mitogenesis, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. We have previously demonstrated that PLC-gamma1 is required for EGF-induced mitogenesis of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells, but the mitogenic function of PLC-gamma1 is independent ...
Lee Soon-Tae - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs comprising 21-23 nucleotides that regulate gene expression by transcriptionally repressing their complementary mRNAs. In particular, let-7 miRNA has been postulated to function as a tumor suppressor in various cancer cells, but not yet in glioblastoma. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumorigenic effect of ...
Dilly M - - 2010
Differentiation and restricted invasion/migration of trophoblast cells are crucial for feto-maternal communication in the synepitheliochorial placenta of cattle. EGF is expressed in the bovine placenta and likely regulates these cell properties. As cell migration and motility rely on the degradation of extracellular matrix we hypothesize that EGF is involved in ...
Choi Eun Jung - - 2010
Several studies have shown solid evidence for the potential value of targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling to enhance the antitumor activity of radiation. However, therapeutic resistance has emerged as an important clinical issue. Here, we investigated whether strategies for targeting EGFR-associated downstream signaling would radiosensitize a panel of ...
Jung Eun Uk - - 2010
Hypoxia may activate survival signals in cancer cells. Moreover, hypoxic cells are less sensitive than normoxic cells to doxorubicin cytotoxicity, a potent activator of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. N-myc downstream-regulated gene-1 (NDRG1) is a hypoxia- and retinoic acid-inducible protein, and has been previously implicated in carcinogenesis. As this protein ...
Liang Sitai - - 2010
The naked mole-rat (NMR, Heterocephalus glaber) is a long-lived mammal in which spontaneous cancer has not been observed. To investigate possible mechanisms for cancer resistance in this species, we studied the properties of skin fibroblasts from the NMR following transduction with oncogenes that cause cells of other mammalian species to ...
Abouantoun Thamara J - - 2011
We previously showed that inhibition of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) blocks the survival and migration of medulloblastoma cells. Identification of in vitro PDGFR-targeting pharmacologic agents that are suitable for preclinical testing in medulloblastoma models in vivo will be critical for efficiently translating these agents to clinical investigation in ...
Andrade Felipe - - 2010
To address mechanisms that control the activity of human peptidyl arginine deiminase type 4 (PAD-4). PAD-4 autocitrullination was determined by anti-modified citrulline immunoblotting, using purified recombinant and endogenous PAD-4 from activated human primary neutrophils and cell lines expressing PAD-4. The citrullination sites in PAD-4 were determined by mass spectrometry. Mechanisms ...
Choi Jene - - 2010
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates apoptosis in tumor cells depending on the expression levels of EGF receptor and Her2. We examined the protein levels in 22 different cancer cell lines and assessed the responses to EGF. EGF-induced cytotoxicity was not correlated with the levels of either EGFR or Her2. Fourteen ...
Lock F E - - 2010
The Ras-assocation domain family (RASSF) of tumor suppressor proteins until recently contained six proteins named RASSF1-6. Recently, four novel family members, RASSF7-10, have been identified by homology searches for RA-domain-containing proteins. These additional RASSF members are divergent and structurally distinct from RASSF1-6, containing an N-terminal RA domain and lacking the ...
Uhlmann S - - 2010
The genes encoding microRNAs of the human miR-200 family map to fragile chromosomal regions and are frequently downregulated upon tumor progression. Although having been reported to regulate epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and transforming growth factor-beta-driven cell invasion, the role of the miR-200 family in EGF-driven breast cancer cell invasion, viability, apoptosis and ...
Rasmussen Thomas - - 2010
Several laboratories have shown that cells with a memory B-cell phenotype can have the same clonotype as multiple myeloma tumor cells. The aim of this study was to determine whether some memory B cells have the same genetic alterations as their corresponding multiple myeloma malignant plasma cells. The methodology included ...
Xie Zhongjian - - 2010
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a key driver in the process of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell mitogenesis. Phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1) is a downstream target of EGFR signaling, but the role and necessity of PLC-gamma1 in EGFR-induced cell mitogenesis remain unclear. In the present study, we report an ...
Capellino Silvia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory role of the sympathetic nervous system in early and late inflammation is an unresolved paradox. A drastic loss of sympathetic nerve fibres in the synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has previously been demonstrated. The presence of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive cells in RA ...
Laezza Chiara - - 2010
The endocannabinoid system regulates cell proliferation in human breast cancer cells. Recently, we described that a metabolically stable anandamide analog, 2-methyl-2'-F-anandamide, by activation of CB1 receptors significantly inhibited cell proliferation of human breast cancer cell lines. In this study, we observed that the activation of the CB1 receptor, in two ...
Ou Yangqiong - - 2011
CD147 expressed by monocytes, macrophages, and synoviocytes cells can stimulate the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) associated with the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated the effects of Sinomenine (SIN) on invasion and migration ability and gene expression of CD147, MMP-2, MMP-9 of fibroblast-like synoviocytes cells (FLS) co-cultured with ...
Yaari-Stark Shira - - 2010
In neuroblastoma LAN-1 cells harboring an amplified MycN gene, disruption of cooperation between Ras and MycN proteins by the Ras inhibitor farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTS, Salirasib) reportedly arrests cell growth. Our aim was to establish whether this is a general phenomenon. We examined the effects of FTS on gene-expression profiles, growth ...
Ghosh Pradipta - - 2010
Cells respond to growth factors by either migrating or proliferating, but not both at the same time, a phenomenon termed migration-proliferation dichotomy. The underlying mechanism of this phenomenon has remained unknown. We demonstrate here that Galpha(i) protein and GIV, its nonreceptor guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), program EGF receptor (EGFR) ...
Lange Thilo S - - 2010
Bromoacetoxy-calcidiol (B3CD), a pro-apoptotic and cytotoxic agent in neuroblastoma (NB) cell lines, displayed therapeutic potential in vivo as an anticancer drug in a NB xenograft mouse model. Tumors of all animals treated intraperitoneally with B3CD went into regression within 10-30 days of treatment, while tumors in control animals grew aggressively. ...
Alam A H M Khurshid - - 2010
To induce neural differentiation of P19 cells, two different treatments, RA (retinoic acid) and cell aggregation, are required. However, there has been no report that RA treatment alone or cell aggregation alone could control alternative splicing regulation in P19 cells. Therefore, we focused on alternative splicing effects by neural induction ...
Calero Ismael - - 2010
Initially suggested by the presence of rheumatoid factor autoantibodies, multiple pathogenic roles for B cells (both antibody-mediated and antibody-independent) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) now are supported by a growing body of experimental observations and human studies. The pathogenic significance of B cells in this disease also has been established conclusively ...
Marston Bethany - - 2010
Our understanding of the multiple physiological and pathogenic functions of B cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) continues to expand. In turn, the availability of effective agents targeting the B cell compartment increases. In this review, we discuss novel insights into the roles of B cells in RA and recent evidence ...
Zhao Yunge - - 2010
The lack of an intracranial human glioma model that recapitulates the extensive invasive and hypervascular features of glioblastoma (GBM) is a major hurdle for testing novel therapeutic approaches against GBM and studying the mechanism of GBM invasive growth. We characterized a high matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expressing U1242 MG intracranial xenograft ...
Wang Chuanwu - - 2010
Th17 cells are major effector T cells in the intestine, but the regulation of their tissue tropism within the gut is poorly understood. We investigated the roles of vitamin A and retinoic acid in generation of inflammatory Th17 cells with distinct tissue tropisms within the intestine. We found that Th17 ...
McFarlane Cheryl - - 2010
Ubiquitination is a reversible posttranslational modification that is essential for cell cycle control, and it is becoming increasingly clear that the removal of ubiquitin from proteins by deubiquitinating enzymes (DUB) is equally important. In this study, we have identified high levels of the DUB USP17 in several tumor-derived cell lines ...
He Xiaoping - - 2010
We previously identified serine protease HtrA1 as a downregulated gene in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), but the functional consequence of loss of HtrA1 in EOC remains largely unclear. Here, we report that loss of HtrA1 attenuates anoikis--a critical physiologic barrier for tumor metastasis. In response to loss of anchorage, HtrA1 ...
Yuan Geng-Biao - - 2010
The effectiveness rate of all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) is only about 30% in the clinical application of inducing thyroid carcinoma differentiation. In addition, there are severe toxic side effects, which limit its clinical application. Phase I-III clinical studies have been conducted on the combined application of two or more kinds of ...
Levchenko Vladislav - - 2010
Amiloride-sensitive sodium entry, via the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), is the rate-limiting step for Na(+) absorption. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is involved in the regulation of Na(+) transport and ENaC activity. However it is still controversial exactly how EGF regulates ENaC and Na(+) absorption. The aim of the present study ...
Yoshio Toshiyuki - - 2010
Two members of the myocardin protein family, myocardin-related transcription factor (MRTF)-A and MRTF-B are co-activators of serum response factor (SRF). We recently reported that MRTF-A/B activates the transcription of several actin cytoskeletal/focal adhesion genes SRF dependently, thereby enhancing the formation of stress fibers and focal adhesions. Here, we showed that ...
Yue Fengming - - 2010
PURPOSE: Photoreceptors cannot regenerate and recover their functions once disordered. Transplantation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) has recently become a possible therapeutic approach for retinal degeneration. In the present study, we investigated the induction of photoreceptors by coculturing primate embryonic stem cells (ESCs) with ESC-derived RPE cells. METHODS: RPE cells ...
Nestor Marika - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of the monoclonal antibody cetuximab in a panel of cultured squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. This antibody, targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), is emerging as a promising agent for treatment of several cancers. As this antibody comes into ...
Rowland Sarah L SL Integrated Department of Immunology, National Jewish Health and University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO 80206, - - 2010
B cell receptors (BCRs) generate tonic signals critical for B cell survival and early B cell development. To determine whether these signals also mediate the development of transitional and mature B cells, we examined B cell development using a mouse strain in which nonautoreactive immunoglobulin heavy and light chain-targeted B ...
Xu L - - 2010
Recent studies have established that amplification of the MET proto-oncogene can cause resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines with EGFR-activating mutations. The role of non-amplified MET in EGFR-dependent signaling before TKI resistance, however, is not well understood. ...
Lyakhov Ilya - - 2010
The human epidermal growth factor receptors, EGFR and HER2, are members of the EGFR family of cell-surface receptors/tyrosine kinases. EGFR- and HER2-positive cancers represent a more aggressive disease with greater likelihood of recurrence, poorer prognosis, and decreased survival rate, compared to EGFR- or HER2-negative cancers. The details of HER2 proto-oncogenic ...
Han Jian - - 2010
This study investigated the roles of Rho protein in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced trophoblast cell migration and its mechanism. Using choriocarcinoma cell lines JEG-3 and JAR and first-trimester human chorionic villus explant cultures on matrigel, we examined EGF-mediated stimulation of trophoblast migration. EGF is shown to have a dose-dependent effect ...
Pedroza-Saavedra Adolfo - - 2010
E5 oncoprotein activity from high risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is associated with growth factor receptor signaling, but the function of this protein is not well understood. In this study, we investigated the role of HPV-16 E5 on the cell cycle progression during EGF-stimulation. Wild-type and NIH 3T3 cells over-expressing human ...
Mathias Rommel A - - 2010
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) describes a process whereby immotile epithelial cells escape structural constraints imposed by cellular architecture and acquire a phenotype characteristic of migratory mesenchymal cells. Implicated in carcinoma progression and metastasis, EMT has been the focus of several recent proteomics-based studies aimed at identifying new molecular players. To gain ...
Mark Shlomo - - 2010
Autofluorescence properties of tissues have been widely used to diagnose various types of malignancies. In this study, we measured the autofluorescence properties of H-ras transfected murine fibroblasts and the counterpart control cells. The pair of cells is genetically identical except for the transfected H-ras gene. We applied Monte Carlo simulations ...
Borgdorff V V Blizard Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, - - 2010
Overexpression of Ras(G12V) in primary cells induces a permanent growth arrest called oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) that serves as a fail-safe mechanism against malignant transformation. We have performed a genome-wide small interfering RNA (siRNA) screen and a microRNA (miRNA) screen to identify mediators of OIS and show that siRNA-mediated knockdown of ...
Vuletic Ana - - 2010
Retinoic acid (RA), similar to specific growth factors, can induce differentiation of proliferating promyelocytic precursors into terminally differentiated granulocytes, although little is known about effects of its 13-cis isomer on promyelocytic leukemia (PML). In this study we demonstrate that 13-cis-RA has a dose and time-dependent antiproliferative effect on HL-60 PML ...
Fu Yan - - 2010
A bacterial colony may develop a small number of cells genetically identical to, but phenotypically different from, other normally growing bacteria. These so-called persister cells keep themselves in a dormant state and thus are insensitive to antibiotic treatment, resulting in serious problems of drug resistance. In this paper, we proposed ...
Yamada Hisakata - - 2010
Th17 cells, though having been discovered just few years ago, is believed as the pathogenic T cells in many autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Biologics targeting IL-17 have already been on clinical trial, and the results were recently reported. Although the importance of Th17 ...
Yasmeen Amber - - 2010
In this study, we compared the effects of SKI-606 with Iressa, Src/Abl and EGF-R kinase inhibitors, respectively, on selected parameters in HeLa and SiHa cervical cancer cell lines, which express E6/E7 oncoproteins of high-risk HPV types 18 and 16, respectively. Our results show that SKI-606 and Iressa inhibit cell proliferation ...
Shi H - - 2010
Although many reports have suggested that ERK1/2 activity is increased in interphase and inhibited in mitosis, the change of ERK1/2 activity from interphase to mitosis is largely undefined. In this study, we examined the alteration of ERK1/2 activity in COS7 cells in response to nocodazole. Nocodazole—treated or nocodazole—untreated COS7 cells ...
Porcu Giampiero - - 2010
Farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs) are anticancer agents developed to inhibit Ras oncoprotein activities. FTIs of different chemical structure act via a conserved mechanism in eukaryotic cells. They have low toxicity and are active on a wide range of tumors in cellular and animal models, independently of the Ras activation state. Their ...
Tanida Satoshi - - 2010
Mucosal integrity in the digestive tracts is maintained by defense mechanisms which comprise mucin production, microcirculatory blood flow, intercellular junctions, cell growth and mucosal repair. These physiological features are known to be regulated by prostaglandins, nitric oxides, growth factors, and cytokines. Mucosal injury and inflammation occur when cytotoxic attacks overwhelm ...
Znalesniak Eva B - - 2010
Mucous epithelia represent a major barrier to the outside world and are capable of undergoing rapid repair after injury by cell migration, a process called "restitution". Here, a sensitive RT-PCR method was applied allowing systematic gene expression analysis of separated stationary and migratory non-transformed IEC-18 and IEC-6 cells after scratch ...
Matsui Takanori - - 2010
There is accumulating evidence that proteinuria is not merely a biomarker for the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), but also a mediator of this devastating disorder. Indeed, albumin, one of the major components found in proteinuria, causes proinflammatory and profibrotic changes in cultured proximal tubular cells. Further, numerous studies ...
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