Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1704
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Koizumi Masayuki - - 2004
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas arise through the accumulation of certain genetic alterations including ras, p16, p53, and DPC4. We found that activation of ras and inactivation of p53 could cooperatively induce in vitro tumorigenicity in conditionally immortalized pancreatic epithelial (IMPE) cells. IMPE cells were established from transgenic mice bearing a temperature-sensitive ...
Klampfer Lidija - - 2004
Activation of Ras promotes oncogenesis by altering a multiple of cellular processes, such as cell cycle progression, differentiation, and apoptosis. Oncogenic Ras can either promote or inhibit apoptosis, depending on the cell type and the nature of the apoptotic stimuli. The response of normal and transformed colonic epithelial cells to ...
Kakunaga Shigeki - - 2004
Necl-5/Tage4/poliovirus receptor/CD155 has been shown to be the poliovirus receptor and to be up-regulated in rodent and human carcinoma. We have found previously that mouse Necl-5 regulates cell motility. We show here that mouse Necl-5 is furthermore involved in the regulation of cell proliferation. Studies using a specific antibody against ...
Shushan Asher - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign smooth muscle cell tumours in women. Formation of leiomyomas, still not completely understood, is viewed as a multistep process, with involvement of ovarian steroid hormones, cytokines and growth factors. Our study aimed to identify tyrosine kinase inhibitors as potential 'signal transduction therapeutics' ...
Xie Jiansong - - 2004
We have previously documented a novel biphasic traffic pattern for epidermal growth factor (EGF) in the acinar epithelial cell of the lacrimal gland. Different from the typical paradigm observed in many other cell types, EGF initially accumulates in the acinar basal-lateral recycling endosome, then is re-directed to the prelysosomes and ...
Kraan M C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine immunohistological markers in synovial tissue of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) which are associated with unfavourable disease outcome. METHODS: Synovial tissue was obtained from 36 patients with RA within 1 year after the initial symptoms and before starting disease modifying antirheumatic drug treatment. Clinical, laboratory, and ...
Zhang Shineng - - 2004
Cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase (CAK) regulates cell cycle G1 exit, where cells commonly commit either to proliferate or to differentiate. CAK activity in G1 regulation is determined by its assembly factor and targeting subunit, ménage à trois 1 (MAT1). The precise mechanism of how proliferation/differentiation transition is induced from cancer cell ...
Tombran-Tink J - - 2004
Both all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and pigment epithelial-derived factor (PEDF) regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. Treatment of human Y-79 retinoblastoma and A-RPE 19 pigment epithelial cells with ATRA increased the levels of PEDF protein and RNA. Endothelial cells from bovine retina and human umbilical cord expressed PEDF and the levels were ...
Sundberg Asa Liljegren - - 2004
Patients with glioblastoma multiforme have a poor prognosis due to recurrences originating from spread cells. The use of radionuclide targeting might increase the chance of inactivating single tumor cells with minimal damage to surrounding healthy tissue. As a target, overexpressed epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) may be used. A natural ...
Ono Mayumi - - 2004
Gefitinib (Iressa, ZD1839), a quinazoline tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), is approved for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in several countries including Japan. However, the mechanism of drug sensitivity to gefitinib is not fully understood. In this study, we examined the ...
Lee Sanghoon - - 2004
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is a malignant disease characterized by an accumulation of monoclonal CD5+ mature B cells, with a high percentage of cells arrested in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle, and a particular resistance toward apoptosis-inducing agents. Dok1 (downstream of tyrosine kinases) is an abundant Ras-GTPase-activating ...
Block Ethan R - - 2004
Cellular responses to wounding have often been studied at a molecular level after disrupting cell layers by mechanical means. This invariably results in damage to cells at the edges of the wounds, which has been suggested to be instrumental for initiating wound healing. To test this, we devised an alternative ...
Li Rong - - 2004
We have previously shown that an F9 teratocarcinoma retinoic acid receptor beta(2) (RARbeta(2)) knockout cell line exhibits no growth arrest in response to all-trans-retinoic acid (RA), whereas F9 wild type (Wt), F9 RARalpha(-/-), and F9 RARgamma(-/-) cell lines do growth arrest in response to RA. To examine the role of ...
Singh Amar B - - 2004
In MDCK cells, hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) induces epithelial cell dissociation, scattering, migration, growth and formation of branched tubular structures. By contrast, these cells neither scatter nor form tubular structures in response to the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family of growth factors. Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a ...
Hamada-Kanazawa Michiko - - 2004
The Sox6 gene is a member of the Sox gene family that encodes transcription factors. Previous studies have suggested that Sox6 plays an important role in the development of the central nervous system. Aggregation of embryonic carcinoma P19 cells with retinoic acid (RA) results in the development of neurons, glia ...
Presgraves Steven P - - 2004
We characterized undifferentiated (UN) and three differentiation conditions of the SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line for phenotypic markers of dopaminergic cells, sensitivity to the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridinium ion (MPP+), the requirement to utilize the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT) for MPP+ toxicity, and the neuroprotective effects of pramipexole. Cells were differentiated with retinoic ...
Zhang Min - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the biological features of A549 cells in which epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors expression were suppressed by RNA interference (RNAi). METHODS: A549 cells were transfected using short small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) formulated with Lipofectamine 2000. The EGF receptor numbers were determined by Western blotting and flowcytometry. The ...
Kazanov Diana - - 2004
PURPOSE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. The cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism is an important target for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Increased expression of COX-2 was recently shown to be an important step in the multistep process of colorectal cancer carcinogenesis. The new COX-2-specific inhibitors ...
Snitcovsky I - - 2003
The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of retinoic acid on the growth of the mouse mammary cells HC11 and HC11ras, which are a model for in vitro breast cancer progression. The expression of the two classes (RARs and RXRs) of retinoic acid receptor mRNAs was ...
Burdick Andrew D - - 2003
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), are known mammary carcinogens in rodents and may be involved in human breast cancer. We have reported previously that BaP can mimic growth factor signaling and increase cell proliferation in primary human mammary epithelial cells and the human mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10A. ...
Li Hui - - 2004
Vitamin A (also called retinol) and its derivatives, retinoic acids (RAs), are required for postnatal testicular function. Abnormal spermatogenesis is observed in rodents on vitamin A-deficient diets and in retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) knockout mice. In contrast, RA has an inhibitory effect on the XY gonad development in embryos. ...
Dong Xiao-Yan - - 2003
We previously developed a promoter-activated production (PAP) system using amplified ras oncogene to activate the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter controlling the foreign gene in mammalian cells. CHO cells were demonstrated to be suitable for the PAP system. Here, we show that very high-level production of a recombinant protein was achieved when ...
Wu Li-Xian - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the effects of curcumin (Cur) on proliferation of K562 cells and the relationship between these effects and Ras signal transduction pathway activated by p210bcr/abl. METHODS: K562 cell line was used as a p210bcr/abl-positive cell system and HL-60 cell line as a p210bcr/abl-negative control; etoposide (VP-16), which has ...
Cavallo-Medved Dora - - 2003
Cathepsin B protein and activity are known to localize to the basal plasma membrane of colon carcinoma cells following the appearance of K-ras mutations. Using immunofluorescence and subcellular fractionation techniques and two human colon carcinoma cell lines - one with a mutated K-ras allele (HCT 116) and a daughter line ...
Savickiene J - - 2003
Therapeutic nucleoside analogue 3-deazauridine (DU) exerts cytotoxic activity against cancer cells by disruption of DNA synthesis resulting in cell death. The present study evaluates whether DU alone at doses 2.5-15 microM or in combination with all trans retinoic acid (RA) or dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP) is effective against myelogenous leukemia. The ...
Sabichi Anita L - - 2003
Fenretinide (4-HPR) is a retinoid analogue with antitumor and chemopreventive activities. In addition to 4-HPR, there are several other new phenylretinamides bearing hydroxyl, carboxyl, or methoxyl residues on carbons 2, 3, and 4 of the terminal phenylamine ring [N-(2-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (2-HPR), N-(3-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide, N-(2-carboxyphenyl)retinamide, N-(3-carboxyphenyl)retinamide, N-(4-carboxyphenyl)retinamide, and N-(4-methoxyphenyl)retinamide (4-MPR) ]. It is ...
Tsujie Masanori - - 2003
Peroxisome prolixferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), a ligand-activated transcription factor, forms a heterodimer with retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha), and its transcriptional activity is thought to be maximal in the presence of both PPARgamma and RXRalpha ligands. Although previous studies suggested that thiazolidinediones (TZDs), known as PPARgamma ligands, inhibit the growth ...
Fischer Andrew H - - 2003
Nuclear envelope (NE) irregularity is an important diagnostic feature of cancer, and its molecular basis is not understood. One possible cause is abnormal postmitotic NE re-assembly, such that a rounded contour is never achieved before the next mitosis. Alternatively, dynamic forces could deform the NE during interphase following an otherwise ...
Hutcheson Iain R - - 2003
Oestrogen receptor (ER) levels are usually maintained on acquisition of tamoxifen resistance in the clinic, however, tumour re-growth is associated with increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and activation of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. In the present study we have used the ER down-regulator fulvestrant ...
Qi Lin - - 2003
Silibinin, derived from milk thistle extract, has been shown to inhibit growth factor receptor-mediated mitogenic and cell survival signaling, and to alter cell cycle regulators. Alteration in pathways regulating cell growth likely account for silibinin's inhibition of tumor growth. Since the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a key regulator ...
Le Gall Sylvain M - - 2003
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands are synthesized as type I membrane protein precursors exposed at the cell surface. Shedding of the ectodomain of these proteins is the way cells regulate the equilibrium between cell-associated and diffusible forms of these growth factors. Whereas the regulated shedding of transforming growth factor-alpha, ...
Mantha Angela J - - 2003
PURPOSE: Mevalonate metabolites are vital for a variety of key cellular functions with the biosynthetic products including cholesterol and farnesyl and geranylgeranyl isoprenoids. Inhibition of this pathway using lovastatin induces a potent apoptotic response in a specific subset of human tumor-derived cell lines, including head and neck squamous cell carcinomas ...
Chou Denise K H - - 2003
HNK-1 antibody reactive sulfoglucuronyl carbohydrate (SGC) and SSEA-1 antibody reactive Lewis X (Lex) epitope are expressed on several glycolipids, glycoproteins, and proteoglycans of the nervous system and have been implicated in cell-cell recognition, neurite outgrowth, and/or neuronal migration during development. Interaction of SGC with its binding protein Amphoterin and interaction ...
Wu Jing - - 2003
For better understanding of functions of the Calcyclin Binding Protein (CacyBP) and exploring its possible roles in neuronal differentiation, the subcellular localization of human CacyBP was examined in retinoic acid(RA)-induced and uninduced neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Immunostaining indicated that CacyBP was present in the cytoplasm of uninduced SH-SY5Y cells, in which ...
Reuveni Hadas - - 2003
HR12 is a novel farnesyltransferase inhibitor (FTI). We have shown previously that HR12 induces phenotypic reversion of H-rasV12-transformed Rat1 (Rat1/ras) fibroblasts. This reversion was characterized by formation of cell-cell contacts, focal adhesions and stress fibers. Here we show that HR12 inhibits anchorage independent and dependent growth of Rat1/ras cells. HR12 ...
Abe Masayoshi - - 2003
Leukotriene C(4) synthase (LTC(4) S) is a pivotal enzyme for generation of cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cysLTs). LTC(4) S activity in rat basophilic leukemia-1 (RBL-1) cells increased after culture in the presence of retinoic acid (RA) analogues, which was inhibited by cycloheximide or actinomycin D (ACD). Unexpectedly, the co-addition of a low dose ...
Treeck Oliver - - 2003
A crosstalk between cellular estrogen response and receptor tyrosine kinase signaling has been shown in a variety of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive cell lines. We intended to examine the presence of estrogenic growth factor effects in an ER alpha-negative breast cancer cell line. By means of reporter gene assays, we investigated ...
Yamanaka Ikuhito - - 2003
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) is involved in various basic biochemical pathways and is thus thought to play an important role in cell migration. We examined the effect of EGF on motility, migration, and morphology of a human adenocarcinoma cell line CAC-1. EGF treatment increased the motility of cervical ...
Araujo C S A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the histomorphometric features and evaluate the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transmembranic receptor (EGFr) and the proliferative potential of epithelial cells from normal and hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) gingival tissues. BACKGROUND: EGF is a multifunctional cytokine with a variety ...
Zhou Jun-Min - - 2003
Manumycin was reported to have inhibitory effect on farnesyltransferase by competing with the farnesyl pyrophosphate substrate. It exhibited different antiproliferative activity in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells, primary cultured human cardiac muscle cells and human liver cells (CLC). HepG2 cells overexpressing ras gene were more sensitive to manumycin than the ...
Kanovsky Mecheal - - 2003
PURPOSE: From molecular modeling studies we found that two ras-p21 peptides, corresponding to p21 residues 35-47 (PNC-7) and 96-110 (PNC-2), selectively block oncogenic (Val 12-p21), but not insulin-activated wild-type, p21-induced oocyte maturation. Our purpose was to determine if these peptides block the growth of mammalian cancer cells but not their ...
Jori F P - - 2003
Neural stem cells (NSCs) could be very useful for the "cell therapy" treatment of neurological disorders. For this reason basic studies aiming to well characterize the biology of NSCs are of great interest. We carried out a molecular and immunocytochemical analysis of EGF-responsive NSCs obtained from rat pups. After the ...
Jeon Jae Won - - 2003
Dexamethasone (DEX), one of the corticosteroid hormones, is one of the most common therapeutic strategies in ophthalmological treatment. Despite its widespread use and clinical efficiency, little is known regarding the specific effects of DEX on cell growth, differentiation and cell death in human trabecular meshwork cells. The presence of the ...
Liu Tie Fu - - 2003
The cytotoxicity of a diphtheria toxin-human epidermal growth factor fusion protein (DAB(389)EGF) was tested against 14 human glioma cell lines. After cells were cultured for 48 h with various concentrations of DAB(389)EGF, the percentage reduction in thymidine incorporation was determined. For 13 of 14 cell lines, potent cytotoxicity was observed, ...
Nedvetzki Shlomo - - 2003
Synovial fluid cells from joints of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients express a novel variant of CD44 (designated CD44vRA), encoding an extra trinucleotide (CAG) transcribed from intronic sequences flanking a variant exon. The CD44vRA mutant was detected in 23 out of 30 RA patients. CD44-negative Namalwa cells transfected with CD44vRA cDNA ...
Mitchell Philip J - - 2003
Although oncogenic Ras commonly contributes to the development of cancer, in normal primary cells it induces cell cycle arrest rather than transformation. Here we analyze the additional genetic changes required for Ras to promote cell cycle progression rather than arrest. We show that loss of p53 is sufficient for oncogenic ...
Wahab-Wahlgren Aida - - 2003
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) superfamily of peptide growth factors (EGF-GFs) plays a role in male germ cell development, but the precise function is yet to be defined. The present study shows that EGF-GFs stimulate spermatogonial proliferation in vitro. The EGF-GF ligands, EGF, transforming growth factor-alpha and betacellulin all stimulated DNA ...
Pons Véronique - - 2003
We previously described enterophilin-1 (Ent-1), a new intestinal protein bearing an extended leucine zipper and a B30.2 domain. Ent-1 expression is associated with growth arrest and enterocyte differentiation. To investigate the importance of Ent-1 in the differentiation, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screening. We identified sorting nexin 1 (SNX1) as ...
Wadhwa Renu - - 2003
Mortalin (mot-2/GRP75/PBP74/mthsp70) is a member of the hsp70 family of proteins and is differentially distributed in normal and immortal cells. It was shown to be involved in pathways to cell senescence and immortalization. To elucidate its functional aspects, a yeast interactive screen for mortalin (mot-2) binding proteins was performed. Mevalonate ...
Chen Anne C - - 2003
The cellular retinoic acid (RA) binding proteins I and II (CRABPI and CRABPII), intracellular proteins which bind retinoic acid with high affinity, are involved in the actions of RA, though their exact roles are not fully understood. We have generated several genetically engineered AB1 cell lines in which both alleles ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >