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Fizet J - - 2009
This manuscript analyses the use of newly developed hybrid gadolinium oxide nanoparticles as cell-labeling tracers. The nanoparticles are core-shell particles composed of a core of gadolinium oxide of [2-4] nm and a protecting shell of polysiloxane [1-3 nm] where different organic dyes (fluoresceine isothiocyanate (FITC) or rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RBITC)) ...
Tanzeglock Timm - - 2009
In this work we investigated whether the type of shear flow, to which cells are exposed, influences the initiation of cell death. It is shown that mammalian cells, indeed, distinguish between discrete types of flow and respond differently. Two flow devices were employed to impose accurate hydrodynamic flow fields: uniform ...
Le Roy Christine - - 2009
Technological developments of multiparametric flow cytometry come along with the generation of new dyes. The APC-tandem dyes, which combine the fluorophores APC and Cy7/H7, allow the detection of a specific signal in the APC-Cy7/H7 channel along with an unexpected nonspecific signal in the APC channel. Depending on the magnitude of ...
Kulesa Paul M - - 2009
Tracing cell movements in vivo yields important clues to organogenesis, yet it has been challenging to accurately and reproducibly fluorescently mark single and small groups of cells to build a picture of tissue assembly. In the early embryo, the small size (hundreds of cells) of progenitor cell regions has made ...
Srisa-Art Monpichar - - 2009
The isolation and characterisation of single cells from a heterogeneous population are important processes in cell biology, immunology, stem cell research, and cancer research. In the development of novel cell-based therapies, there is a considerable need to target specific cell types to allow for further analysis and amplification ex vivo. ...
Zhang Hu - - 2010
We have developed a technique to manipulate human red blood cells (RBCs) in hydrodynamic flows. This method applies optical tweezers to trap and move microbead-attached RBCs in a liquid medium at various speeds, while it significantly minimizes laser heating and photon-induced stress for normal operation with laser-trapped cells. Computational fluid ...
Paulis Maria - - 2009
A thermostatized and agitated sample cell for synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements of liquid samples (homogeneous or heterogeneous) has been developed. The cell is composed of a compact main body with inlet and outlet windows for the beams of light. The volume of the cell is approximately 0.8 ml ...
Furmanski Brian D - - 2009
The differential accumulation of fluorescent molecules in tumorigenic versus normal cells is a well-reported phenomenon and is the basis for photodiagnostic therapy. Through the use of confocal microscopy, the kinetic uptake and accumulation of fusarochromanone (FC101) was determined in two lines of living tumorigenic cells of mesenchymal-epithelial origin and normal ...
Sørensen Morten Dræby - - 2009
Rare cells not normally present in the peripheral bloodstream, such as circulating tumor cells, have potential applications for development of non-invasive methods for diagnostics or follow up. Obtaining these cells however require some means of discrimination, achievable by cell type specific antibodies. Here we have generated a microselection method allowing ...
Hughes Chambers C - - 2009
The targeting of marinopyrrole A to actin was identified using a fluorescent dye transfer strategy. The process began by appending a carboxylic acid terminal tag to a phenol in the natural product. The resulting probe was then studied in live cells to verify that it maintained activity comparable to marinopyrrole ...
Xu Ye - - 2009
The ability to diagnose cancer based on the detection of rare cancer cells in blood or other bodily fluids is a significant challenge. To address this challenge, we have developed a microfluidic device that can simultaneously sort, enrich, and then detect multiple types of cancer cells from a complex sample. ...
Horlock Claire C Department of Immunology, Imperial College, London W12 0NN, United - - 2009
Simple T cell assays specific for any chosen HLA class I or class II/peptide combination, are of enormous value in cancer immunotherapy, clinical trials, vaccine and infectious disease research. The reliable measurement of T cell activity can be difficult due to the presence of other alleles on target cells, particularly ...
Chung Kwanghun - - 2009
Laser cell kill is an established tool for studying cells' roles during development and behavior, but its use has been limited due to the manual and low-throughput nature. We demonstrate here a technique combining multiplexing microfluidic manipulation of Caenorhabditis elegans and software for image processing and automation, allowing for high-throughput ...
Shao Jianbo - - 2009
For a comprehensive understanding of cells or tissues, it is important to enable multiple studies under the controllable microenvironment of a chip. In this report, we present an integrated microfluidic cell culture platform in which endothelial cells (ECs) are under static conditions or exposed to a pulsatile and oscillatory shear ...
Suska Anke - - 2009
A new approach for the detection of trimethylamine (TMA) using a recombinant cell line of Xenopus laevis melanophores was developed. The cells were genetically modified to express the mouse trace amine-associated receptor 5 (mTAAR5), a G protein-coupled receptor from the mouse olfactory epithelium, which conferred high sensitivity to TMA. Cellular ...
Wlodkowic Donald D The Bioelectronics Research Center, Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, University of Glasgow, G12 8LT Glasgow, - - 2009
Cell cytotoxicity tests are among the most common bioassays using flow cytometry and fluorescence imaging analysis. The permeability of plasma membranes to charged fluorescent probes serves, in these assays, as a marker distinguishing live from dead cells. Since it is generally assumed that probes, such as propidium iodide (PI) or ...
Mangot Jean-François - - 2009
The seasonal dynamics of the small eukaryotic fraction (cell diameter, 0.2 to 5 microm) was investigated in a mesotrophic lake by tyramide signal amplification-fluorescence in situ hybridization targeting seven different phylogenetic groups: Chlorophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Cryptophyceae, Cercozoa, LKM11, Perkinsozoa (two clades), and Fungi. The abundance of small eukaryotes ranged from 1,692 ...
Lee Jeong Hoon - - 2009
In this paper, we reported a simple, disposable PDMS micro/nanofluidic preconcentration chip for in vitro concentration-enhanced cell kinase assays. Utilizing the preconcentration (electrokinetic trapping) directly from cell lysate (1 mM ATP) samples, we could achieve at least a 25-fold increase in reaction velocity and 65-fold enhancement in sensitivity. In addition, ...
Webster Nathan A S - - 2009
The design, construction, and commissioning of a stainless steel flow cell for in situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction studies of scale formation under Bayer processing conditions is described. The use of the cell is demonstrated by a study of Al(OH)(3) scale formation on a mild steel substrate from synthetic Bayer liquor ...
Mahringer Anne - - 2009
PURPOSE: To establish a fluorescence-based assay for drug interactions with the ABC-export-protein BCRP (ABCG2). METHODS: BCRP expression was verified by immunostaining and Western blots in intact porcine brain capillaries, isolated endothelial cells (PBCECs) and in MDCKII-cells over-expressing human wild-type BCRP (MDCKII-hBCRP). Transport of fluorescent mitoxantrone across cells was determined to ...
Lapainis Theodore - - 2009
A method that enables metabolomic profiling of single cells and subcellular structures is described using capillary electrophoresis coupled to electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. A nebulizer-free coaxial sheath-flow interface completes the circuit and provides a stable electrospray, yielding a signal with a relative standard deviation of under 5% for the ...
Brouzes Eric - - 2009
We present a droplet-based microfluidic technology that enables high-throughput screening of single mammalian cells. This integrated platform allows for the encapsulation of single cells and reagents in independent aqueous microdroplets (1 pL to 10 nL volumes) dispersed in an immiscible carrier oil and enables the digital manipulation of these reactors ...
Klettner Alexa Karina - - 2009
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antagonists are currently the therapy of choice for age-related macular degeneration. Here we compared the effects of FDA-approved Ranibizumab and off-label used Bevacizumab on RPE cells, investigating their respective uptake by RPE cells over time. Primary porcine RPE cells were treated with Bevacizumab or Ranibizumab, ...
Peng Xing Yue Larry - - 2009
This Technical Note is the first description of a large-scale logarithmic flow-rate damping system designed to retain cells of different adherence, different suspensibility and different motility. The chamber, which can easily retain and cultivate many types of cells, including high-motility cells and swimming cells, via a series of "speed bumps", ...
Santillo Michael F - - 2009
A microfluidic device was fabricated and characterized for studying cell lysis of Arcella vulgaris, a nonpathogenic amoeba, over time. The device contains a series of chambers which capture cells allowing them to be subsequently exposed to a constant flow of biocidal agent. With this microfluidic system, individual cells are observed ...
Sinigalliano Christopher D - - 2009
Electronic cell sorting for isolation and culture of dinoflagellates and other marine eukaryotic phytoplankton was compared to the traditional method of manually picking cells using a micropipette. Trauma to electronically sorted cells was not a limiting factor, as fragile dinoflagellates, such as Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae), survived electronic cell sorting to ...
Loh Owen - - 2009
Nanodiamonds are rapidly emerging as promising carriers for next-generation therapeutics and drug delivery. However, developing future nanoscale devices and arrays that harness these nanoparticles will require unrealized spatial control. Furthermore, single-cell in vitro transfection methods lack an instrument that simultaneously offers the advantages of having nanoscale dimensions and control and ...
Todorova R - - 2009
To test the efficiency of some alternative methods for protein delivery into live cells were used rEGFP (recombinant Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein) and HeLa cells as model system. The compared methods, electroporation (up to 10%) and Bioporter (up to 20%), deliver proteins and peptides to the cells with efficiency, enough ...
Hosokawa Masahito - - 2009
Detection and isolation of specific cell types from limited biological samples have become a major challenge in clinical diagnosis and cell biology research. Here, we report a high-density microcavity array for target cell detection in which thousands of single cells were neatly arrayed onto 10,000 microcavities with high efficiency at ...
Johansson Linda - - 2009
An acoustic microfluidic system for miniaturized fluorescence-activated cell sorting (microFACS) is presented. By excitation of a miniaturized piezoelectric transducer at 10 MHz in the microfluidic channel bottom, an acoustic standing wave is formed in the channel. The acoustic radiation force acting on a density interface causes fluidic movement, and the ...
Glentis Stavros - - 2009
The quality of DNA obtained from single cells for molecular analysis is primarily dependent on cell type and cell lysis. Multiple displacement amplification (MDA) amplifies the DNA isothermally with the use of Phi29 polymerase and random hexamer primers. The efficiency and accuracy of MDA was assessed on different cell types ...
Lanuti P - - 2009
Multi-colour flow cytometry is the only technological platform that can analyse the highly complex cellular composition of the immune system in parallel and at a single cell resolution. Analysis of the T cell compartment, in particular, requires the simultaneous measurement of multiple markers in order to account for lineage, phenotype ...
Maeda Tatsuro - - 2009
Cell-surface engineering (Ueda et al., 2000) has been applied to develop a novel technique to visualize yeast in bread dough. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was bonded to the surface of yeast cells, and 0.5% EGFP yeasts were mixed into the dough samples at four different mixing stages. The samples ...
Fuentes-Arderiu Xavier - - 2009
Human cell differentiation molecules, also known as "CD", are cell-surface molecules reacting with different monoclonal antibodies. The fraction of cells belonging to each immunophenotype is measured by flow cytometry. This brief communication proposes the application into clinical immunological laboratories, of the syntax recommended by the International Union of Pure and ...
Shadpour Hamed - - 2009
Positive selection, sorting, and collection of single cells from within a heterogeneous population are required for many biological studies. We recently demonstrated a miniaturized cell array for this purpose; however, on-chip pre-enrichment and isolation of specific target cells would provide significant value for cell isolation. In the current work, mixed ...
Gertych Arkadiusz - - 2009
Today's advanced microscopic imaging applies to the preclinical stages of drug discovery that employ high-throughput and high-content three-dimensional (3D) analysis of cells to more efficiently screen candidate compounds. Drug efficacy can be assessed by measuring response homogeneity to treatment within a cell population. In this study, topologically quantified nuclear patterns ...
Wlodkowic Donald D The Bioelectronics Research Centre, Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, University of Glasgow, G12 8LT, United - - 2009
Limitations imposed by conventional analytical technologies for cell biology, such as flow cytometry or microplate imaging, are often prohibitive for the kinetic analysis of single-cell responses to therapeutic compounds. In this paper, we describe the application of a microfluidic array to the real-time screening of anticancer drugs against arrays of ...
Leyva Francisco J FJ Division of Lung Diseases, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2009
Atherosclerosis and heart disease are the main cause of death in United States. The development of atherosclerosis includes lipid deposition and foam cell formation in the artery wall. Scavenger Receptors A-I and II (SRA-I/II) have an important role of in foam cell formation and atherogenesis. Most of the SRA-I/II studies ...
Roy Edward J - - 2009
Given the increasing interest in understanding in vivo migration of different cell types, it would be useful to have a simple method for tracking multiple cell populations in animals. Here we evaluated near infrared (NIR) dyes that intercalate into cell membranes as cell tracking labels, using both high-throughput and high-resolution ...
Lu Jing - - 2009
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potent negative regulators of gene expression that have been implicated in most major cellular processes. Despite rapid advances in our understanding of miRNA biogenesis and mechanism, many fundamental questions still remain regarding miRNA function and their influence on cell cycle control. Considering recent reports on the impact ...
Kihara Takanori - - 2009
A method to detect an enzymatic reaction in a single living cell using an atomic force microscope equipped with an ultra-thin needle (a nanoneedle) and a fluorescent probe molecule was developed. The nanoneedle enables the low-invasive delivery of molecules attached onto its surface directly into a single cell. We hypothesized ...
Bogomolny E - - 2009
Light-induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy has demonstrated ability as a novel, noninvasive and sensitive technology for early detection of cancer. The goal of the present study is to examine the potential of this spectroscopic method for early detection and characterization of premalignant changes. As a model we used both cell lines ...
Wang Li - - 2009
We report on a simple method for self loading and culture of mammalian cells in microfluidic multi-chambers for high throughput screening. The device was obtained by using one layer soft lithography with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and thermal bonding on a glass slide. Self loading of cell suspension could be possible after ...
Yu Zeta Tak For - - 2009
The development of miniaturized cell culture platforms for performing parallel cultures and combinatorial assays is important in cell biology from the single-cell level to the system level. In this paper we developed an integrated microfluidic cell-culture platform, Cell-microChip (Cell-microChip), for parallel analyses of the effects of microenvironmental cues (i.e., culture ...
Mohamed Hisham - - 2009
The isolation and analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood are the subject of intense research. Although tests to detect metastasis on a molecular level are available, progress has been hampered by a lack of tumor-specific markers and predictable DNA abnormalities. The main challenge in this endeavor is the ...
Kroneis Thomas - - 2010
The analysis of rare cells is not an easy task. This is especially true when cells representing a fetal microchimerism are to be utilized for the purpose of non-invasive prenatal diagnosis because it is both imperative and difficult to avoid contaminating the minority of fetal cells with maternal ones. Under ...
Chiu Daniel T - - 2009
The basic unit of any biological system is the cell, and malfunctions at the single-cell level can result in devastating diseases; in cancer metastasis, for example, a single cell seeds the formation of a distant tumor. Although tiny, a cell is a highly heterogeneous and compartmentalized structure: proteins, lipids, RNA, ...
Liu Weishan - - 2009
This paper illustrates a plug-based microfluidic approach combining the technique of the chemistrode and the principle of stochastic confinement, which can be used to i) starting from a mixture of cells, stochastically isolate single cells into plugs, ii) incubate the plugs to grow clones of the individual cells without competition ...
Gassei Kathrin - - 2009
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are a documented source for adult multipotent stem cells. Thus, the isolation of SSCs is of great interest. However, the isolation of spermatogonia from mammalian testes is difficult because of their low total numbers and the lack of well-characterized cell surface markers. Glial-cell-derived neurotrophic factor family ...
Morimoto Yuya - - 2009
We present a method for forming monodisperse semi-permeable microcapsules composed of an alginate-poly-L-lysine (PLL) membrane for the observation of encapsulated cells. These microcapsules were prepared with a monolithic three-dimensional microfluidic axisymmetric flow-focusing device by an internal gelation method using glucono-1,5-lactone in order to provide mild conditions for the cells. The ...
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