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Li Jingbao - - 2010
Normalization is essential to the in-cell Western (ICW) assay, a near-infrared immunocytoblot for protein analysis. Here we report that cells reacted with glutaraldehyde fluoresced in the near-infrared region of the spectrum, and the intensity of fluorescence was directly proportional to cell number over a range from 3125 to 100,000 cells ...
Tautzenberger Andrea - - 2010
The combined use of nanoparticles and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in regenerative medicine requires the incorporation of the particles and, at the same time, undisturbed cell viability and maintenance of the multi-lineage potential of MSC. The aim of this study was to investigate the uptake of novel phosphonate-functionalised polystyrene nanoparticles ...
Zhang Kun - - 2010
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) has all the essential properties of a quantitative reporter protein and the fluorescence of GFP is a reliable and quantitative reporter of underlying differences in expression levels. However, GFP fluorescence does not increase with cell density in direct proportion because of its fluorescence quenching. And the ...
Shao Jing - - 2010
The polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants whose residues are increasing in fish, wildlife and human tissues. However, relatively little is known regarding the mechanisms of cell injury caused by PBDE congeners in fish. In the present study, we employed flow cytometry-based analyses to understand the onset and ...
Hsieh Yi-Heui - - 2010
This study presents an efficient and sensitive method for detecting rare cells without cell culture, in which cells are analyzed quantitatively using quantum dots (QDs) as a fluorescent probe. By the conjugation of QDs with cells, the biotin-streptavidin reaction functions as a bridge to connect QDs and cells. The cells ...
Eriksson Emma - - 2010
Cells naturally exist in a dynamic chemical environment, and therefore it is necessary to study cell behaviour under dynamic stimulation conditions in order to understand the signalling transduction pathways regulating the cellular response. However, until recently, experiments looking at the cellular response to chemical stimuli have mainly been performed by ...
Glazer Evan S - - 2010
High-throughput flow cytometry of adherent cells is difficult because the creation of single cell suspensions can damage cells and yield artificial results. We describe a protocol to increase the single cell suspension yield of adherent human cells without injury. Doxorubicin, a cytotoxic agent, was administered to adherent human pancreatic carcinoma ...
Kang MinJin - - 2009
In this report, we describe the discovery of a pair of bioactive spirotetronates, spirohexenolides A (1) and B (2), that arose from the application of mutagenesis, clonal selection techniques, and media optimization to strains of Streptomyces platensis. The structures of spirohexenolides A (1) and B (2) were elucidated through X-ray ...
Greiner M T - - 2009
Described herein is a transfer-arm evaporator cell (TAE-cell), which allows for rapid loading of materials into vacuum for low-temperature sublimation deposition of thin films. This design can be incorporated with an existing analysis system for convenient in situ thin film characterization. This evaporator is especially well suited for photoemission characterization ...
Menon Manoj B - - 2009
The scratch wound healing assay is a sensitive method to characterize cell proliferation and migration, but it is difficult to be quantitatively evaluated. Therefore, we developed an infrared fluorescence detection-based real-time assay for sensitive and accurate quantification of cell migration in vitro. The method offers sensitivity, simplicity, and the potential ...
Lindstr?m Sara - - 2009
Increasing awareness of the importance of cell heterogeneity in many biological and medical contexts is prompting increasing interest in systems that allow single-cell analysis rather than conventional bulk analysis (which provides average values for variables of interest from large numbers of cells). Recently, we presented a microwell chip for long-term, ...
Kruttwig Klaus - - 2010
The aim of this study is the development of a three-dimensional multicellular spheroid cell culture model for the longitudinal comparative and large-scale screening of cancer cell proliferation with noninvasive molecular imaging techniques under controlled and quantifiable conditions. The human glioblastoma cell line Gli36DeltaEGFR was genetically modified to constitutively express the ...
Sakaki Kelly - - 2009
Single cell research has the potential to revolutionize experimental methods in biomedical sciences and contribute to clinical practices. Recent studies suggest analysis of single cells reveals novel features of intracellular processes, cell-to-cell interactions and cell structure. The methods of single cell analysis require mechanical resolution and accuracy that is not ...
Zainol Murizal - - 2009
The Comet assay (CA) is a sensitive/simple measure of genotoxicity. However, many features of CA contribute variability. To minimize these, we have introduced internal standard materials consisting of 'reference' cells which have their DNA substituted with BrdU. Using a fluorescent anti-BrdU antibody, plus an additional barrier filter, comets derived from ...
Knudsen Kasper Jermiin - - 2009
Insulin-exposed rat mammary cancer cells were flow sorted based on a c-myc reporter plasmid encoding a destabilized green fluorescent protein. Sorted cells exhibited gradual increases in c-myc levels. Cells overexpressing c-myc by only 10% exhibited phenotypic changes attributable to c-myc overexpression, such as cell cycle disturbances, increased cell size, and ...
Lee Hyojoong - - 2009
In pursuit of efficient quantum dot (QD)-sensitized solar cells based on mesoporous TiO(2) photoanodes, a new procedure for preparing selenide (Se(2-)) was developed and used for depositing CdSe QDs in situ over TiO(2) mesopores by the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) process in ethanol. The sizes and density ...
Chen Chun H - - 2009
We demonstrate a low-power (<0.1 mW), low-voltage (<10 V(p-p)) on-chip piezoelectrically actuated micro-sorter that can deflect single particles and cells at high-speed. With rhodamine in the stream, switching of flow between channels can be visualized at high actuation frequency (micro1.7 kHz). The magnitude of the cell deflection can be precisely ...
Oates Jeremy E JE Genito-Urinary Cancer Research Group, School of Cancer and Imaging Sciences, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Manchester M20 4BX, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Mutation within the adult human stem cell (SC) compartment has been proposed as a factor in the initiation and promotion of carcinogenesis. Isolation of these cancer stem cells (CSCs) has proven difficult, limiting their subsequent phenotypic, functional, and genetic characterization. We have used the Hoechst 33342 dye efflux technique to ...
Hattori Fumiyuki - - 2010
Several applications of pluripotent stem cell (PSC)-derived cardiomyocytes require elimination of undifferentiated cells. A major limitation for cardiomyocyte purification is the lack of easy and specific cell marking techniques. We found that a fluorescent dye that labels mitochondria, tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester perchlorate, could be used to selectively mark embryonic and ...
Martinez Michelle M - - 2010
Early detection of apoptotic cells via caspase activity is demonstrated with fast response time. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) is used to identify the presence of a cleaved fluorogenic probe based on the fluorescence of rhodamine 110 in Jurkat cells. FCS curves are shown to be markedly different for autofluorescent (non-apoptotic) ...
Deng Ting - - 2010
Based on the aptamer-conjugated core-shell near-infrared fluorescent nanoparticles (NIR-Nps) and fluorescence anisotropy measurement, the present study reported proof-of-principle for a rapid homogeneous assay approach that can detect target cancer cells without the need of the complicated separation steps in whole blood samples. Experimental investigation showed that the novel NIR-Nps have ...
Haghighat Anne-C?cile - - 2010
We describe an automated fluorescence microscopy-based assay that quantifies the invasion of mammalian cells by intracellular pathogens. Pathogens associated with host cell surfaces, intracellular pathogens and mammalian cells are directly counted based on their specific fluorescent labeling. Such approach utilizes automated image acquisition and processing, and is thus ideally suited ...
Joo Segyeong - - 2010
A portable microfluidic flow cytometer with dual detection ability of impedance and fluorescence was developed for cell analysis and particle-based assays. In the proposed system, fluorescence from microparticles and cells is measured through excitation by a light emitting diode (LED) and detection by a solid-stated photomultiplier (SSPM). Simultaneous impedometric detection ...
Wang Jianbin - - 2010
Fluid shear stress has profound effects on cell physiology. Here we present a versatile microfluidic method capable of generating variable magnitudes, gradients, and different modes of shear flow, to study sensory and force transduction mechanisms in cells. The chip allows cell culture under spatially resolved shear flow conditions as well ...
Liu Wei-Hui - - 2010
The side population (SP) is commonly applied to analyzing cancer stem cells (CSCs) biology. However, the Hoechst33342 (Hoechst) dye, which is used for SP isolation, is demonstrated to be toxic to cells. The aim of this study was to identify a dye that might replace or offer an alternative to ...
Venkatesan P - - 2010
Analysis of changes in cancer cell morphology and cytoskeletal element induced by external stimuli is focus of current cancer chemotherapeutic studies. Cancer cell cytoskeleton is complex network of interwoven protein fibers composed of microtubules, microfilaments and intermediate filaments. These interwoven protein fibers are responsible for maintaining cell morphology, movement, adhesion ...
Petrunkina A M - - 2010
Various sources of variability in flow cytometric determination of cell concentration have previously been investigated with respect to andrologic applications. Although common aspects related to the variation between samples, variation between operators, and accuracy have been extensively studied, specific sources of false-count estimation have found less attention. In particular, a ...
Schneider Thomas - - 2010
Cell separation and fractionation based on fluorescent and magnetic labeling procedures are common tools in contemporary research. These techniques rely on binding of fluorophores or magnetic particles conjugated to antibodies to target cells. Cell surface marker expression levels within cell populations vary with progression through the cell cycle. In an ...
Quarta Alessandra - - 2009
In the present work, we report a three-step approach for the functionalization of CdSe/CdS core/shell and CdSe/CdS/ZnS double-shell quantum rods (QRs) with either biotin or folic acid. We carried out an in vitro study on cultured cells and fixed tissue sections in which the biofunctionalized QRs were compared with the ...
Ahmad Mohd Ridzuan - - 2010
In this paper, methods to measure viscoelastic properties of time-dependent materials are proposed using sharp, flat, and buckling tips inside an environmental SEM. Single W303 yeast cells were employed in this study. Each of the tips was used to indent single cells in a nanoindentation test. Three loading histories were ...
Wang Hsing-Wen - - 2009
NADH/FAD fluorescence spectroscopy/imaging is an extremely useful tool to probe cellular metabolism and has been applied in the clinic such as early cancer detection. Recently, the potential of using NADH/FAD fluorescence as a biomarker to detect cell death has been investigated for development of cancer treatments with higher efficacy. This ...
Williams Yvonne - - 2009
The compartmentalization of size-tuned luminescent semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (QDs) in four distinctive cell lines, which would be representative of the most likely environmental exposure routes to nanoparticles in humans, is studied. The cells are fixed and permeabilized prior to the addition of the QDs, thus eliminating any cell-membrane-associated effects ...
Kalina Tom??s - - 2009
The aim of this study was to find an objective computational approach for phenotype analysis of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) patients that describes all differences in the six-color space and to form groups of patients using computational methods. CVID is a heterogeneous primary immunodeficiency disorder where molecular defect is recognized ...
Elliott Steve - - 2010
Erythropoietin (Epo) binds and activates the Epo receptor (EpoR) on the surface of erythroid progenitor cells resulting in formation of erythrocytes. Recently, EpoR was reported to be expressed on non-erythroid cells suggesting a role for Epo outside of erythropoiesis. However those studies employed antibodies with questionable specificity and the significance ...
Uvet Huseyin - - 2009
Automated continuous individual cell transfer is a critical step in single-cell applications using microfluidic devices. Cells must be aspirated gently from a buffer before transferring to operation zone so as not to artificially perturb their biostructures. Vision-based manipulation is a key technique for allowing nondestructive cell transportation. In this paper, ...
Remus-Emsermann Mitja N P - - 2010
Individual-based microbial ecology (IBME) is a developing field of study in need of experimental tools to quantify the individual experience and performance of microorganisms in their natural habitats. We describe here the conception and application of a single-cell bioreporter approach with broad utility in IBME. It is based on the ...
McRae Reagan - - 2010
Quantitative synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (SXRF) imaging of adherent mouse fibroblast cells deficient in antioxidant-1 (Atox1), a metallochaperone protein responsible for delivering Cu to cuproenzymes in the trans-Golgi network, revealed striking differences in the subcellular Cu distribution compared with wild-type cells. Whereas the latter showed a pronounced perinuclear localization of Cu, ...
Shim Jung-uk - - 2009
A microfluidic device capable of storing picoliter droplets containing single bacteria at constant volumes has been fabricated in PDMS. Once captured in droplets that remain static in the device, bacteria express both a red fluorescent protein (mRFP1) and the enzyme, alkaline phosphatase (AP), from a biscistronic construct. By measuring the ...
Zimmerman Laura M - - 2010
Evidence for a developmental relationship between B cells and macrophages has led to the hypothesis that B cells evolved from a phagocytic predecessor. The recent identification of phagocytic IgM+ cells in fishes and amphibians supports this hypothesis, but raises the question of when, evolutionarily, was phagocytic capacity lost in B ...
Pechhold Susanne - - 2009
Analyzing specialized cells in heterogeneous tissues is crucial for understanding organ function in health and disease. Thus far, however, there has been no convenient method for studying gene expression in cells purified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) using intracellular markers. Here we show that the quantitative nuclease protection assay (qNPA) ...
Shrestha Bindesh - - 2009
Depending on age, phase in the cell cycle, nutrition, and environmental factors, individual cells exhibit large metabolic diversity. To explore metabolic variations in cell populations, laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) mass spectrometry (MS) was used for the in situ analysis of individual cells at atmospheric pressure. Single cell ablation was ...
Sung Jong Hwan - - 2009
We describe an in situ fluorescence optical detection system to demonstrate real-time and non-invasive detection of reaction products in a microfluidic device while under perfusion within a standard incubator. The detection system is designed to be compact and robust for operation inside a mammalian cell culture incubator for quantitative detection ...
Adanja Ivan - - 2010
In oncology, combating the spread of tumor cells is a clinical need which currently remains unsatisfied. Identifying anti-migratory compounds usually requires in vitro screening of a large number of molecules. Efficient and realistic (i.e., preferably 3D) in vitro tests are thus required in order to quantify the anti-migratory effects of ...
Fujimori Yasushi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Small diameter characterizes epidermal progenitor/stem cells. We have developed Gravity Assisted Cell Sorting (GACS) to simply enrich small-sized epidermal progenitor/stem cells. OBJECTIVE: The cells sorted by GACS were characterized by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, and cultured for up to 7 weeks. The cultured cells were then used for reconstruction ...
Rowat Amy C - - 2009
Cells within a genetically identical population exhibit phenotypic variation that in some cases can persist across multiple generations. However, information about the temporal variation and familial dependence of protein levels remains hidden when studying the population as an ensemble. To correlate phenotypes with the age and genealogy of single cells ...
Zakhartsev Maksim - - 2010
In vivo nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) monitoring requires a high-density cell suspension, where cell precipitation should be avoided. We have designed a miniaturized cell agitator that fits entirely into an 8-mm NMR probe but that, being mounted into the instrument, is situated outside of the sensitive area. The device consists ...
Aerts Goele - - 2009
The type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase (D3) is the primary deiodinase that inactivates thyroid hormone. Immunoprecipitation of D3, followed by fluorescent two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, identified peroxiredoxin 3 (Prx3) as a D3-associated protein. This interaction was confirmed using reverse coimmunoprecipitation, in which pull-down of Prx3 resulted in D3 ...
Di Corato Riccardo - - 2009
Nanostructures displaying fluorescence and magnetic properties at the same time are potentially useful for achieving simultaneous bio-separation and bio-sensing (e.g., magnetic separation coupled with multiplexing optical detection of different tumour cell populations). Spherical nanobeads that display both fluorescent and magnetic features are reported; they are fabricated by grafting fluorescent oligothiophene ...
Mkandawire Msaukiranji - - 2009
Fluorescent cellular biomarkers play a prominent role in biosciences. Most of the available biomarkers have some drawbacks due to either physical and optical or cytotoxic properties. In view of this, we investigated the potential of green fluorescent nanodiamonds as biomarkers in living cells. Nanodiamonds were functionalized by attaching antibodies that ...
Ng Shi Yun - - 2010
This paper presents a novel microfluidic system for rapid label-free detection of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from small volumes of white blood cells samples, to obtain a bedside cardiovascular diagnostic solution. The system was built on a single 1 cm(2) microelectrode array silicon chip, integrated with negative dielectrophoresis for cell ...
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