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Gasser Jean-Philippe - - 2009
A simple, "mix-and-measure" microplate assay for phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) exposure on the surface of apoptotic cells is described. The assay exploits the fact that annexin V, a protein with high affinity and specificity for PtdSer, forms trimers and higher order oligomers on binding to membranes containing PtdSer. The transition from soluble ...
Ramachandran Niraj - - 2008
A novel method of inducing the delivery of nonpermeant molecules to the cytosol of cells is presented in this paper. Corona discharge in air was utilized to produce ions that in turn were deposited onto the liquid surface of media containing cultured cells. Murine B16 melanoma cells were used to ...
Kania Stephen A - - 2008
This article describes applications of flow cytometry in hematology. It includes a basic description of how flow cytometers work and their use in enumerating cell populations based on phenotypic markers and measurement of cell functions. Challenges presented by limitations of reagents for exotic animals are described in addition to sources ...
Falcioni Tania - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Vibrio parahaemolyticus, in response to environmental conditions, may be present in a viable but nonculturable state (VBNC), which can still be responsible for cases of infectious diseases in humans. METHODS: The characterization of the cellular states of V. parahaemolyticus during entry into, persistence in, and resuscitation from the VBNC ...
Walser Marcel - - 2008
Microencapsulation gains increasing importance for processing of bacterial libraries and especially in high-throughput (HT) environments where >10(6) samples per day are studied. As a rule, a one-to-one relationship between an individual cell and analytical results is of key importance. Ideally, each microcarrier would therefore contain exactly one cell or colony. ...
Luo Chunxiong - - 2008
We present a simple technique for cell loading, culturing, and phenotypic study in a multi-chamber microfluidic device made of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). This technique is based on the use of degassing induced aspiration of PDMS which allows loading cells into micro-cavities within 1 min. A large number of triangle cavities are ...
Badders Nisha - - 2008
The ability to precisely quantify rare populations of cells has become an essential first step of many cell-based assays in stem cell research. Since current devices for cell quantification require relatively high cell concentrations and/or absolute cell numbers, we have developed a microchannel-based device, allowing precise quantification of limiting cell ...
Kim Young Soo - - 2008
The evaluation of cell disruption efficiency is important in monitoring durability and diverse cellular physiologies of host cells and improving recovery yield of intracellular products. On the basis of our previously suggested pH-controlled fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) system, we herein demonstrated that easy and effective estimation of the degree ...
Taki Masayasu - - 2008
We described here a coumarin-based dual-excitation ratiometric probe for cadmium, CadMQ. This fluorescence sensor has high quantum yields of 0.59 and 0.70 in the metal-free and Cd2+-bound forms, respectively, and has a dissociation constant of 0.16 nM for Cd2+. CadMQ is cell permeable and locates within the acidic compartments of ...
Fullerton, Charles M
A small and closely-spaced network of three to seven rapid response (4-s) rainfall intensity gages has been used to measure intense, short duration rain showers on the windward (eastern) coast of Hawai'i Island. During a one year, intensive monitoring period, 54 events were recorded with rainfall intensities greater than 95 ...
Boardman Anna K - - 2008
We report a system that allows the simultaneous aspiration of one or more cells into each of five capillaries for electrophoresis analysis. A glass wafer was etched to create an array of 1-nL wells. The glass was treated with poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) to control cell adherence. A suspension of formalin-fixed cells ...
Ocarino N M - - 2008
4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI) is a DNA dye widely used to mark and trace stem cells in therapy. We here studied the effect of DAPI staining on the behavior of mesenchymal stem cells cultured in either a control, non-osteogenic medium or in an osteogenic differentiation medium. In the control medium, ...
Fok Sandra - - 2008
The extracellular availability of growth factors, hormones, chemokines, and neurotransmitters under gradient conditions is required for directional cellular responses such as migration, axonal pathfinding, and tissue patterning. These responses are, in turn, important in disease and developmental processes. This article addresses critical barriers toward devising a chemotaxis assay that is ...
Minor Lisa K - - 2008
Label-free technologies based on electrical impedance or refractive index are new tools for measuring a cell-based functional response. Although the technologies are relatively new to high throughput screening cell-based applications, they are rapidly generating interest in that they are able to measure a phenotypic response using cells natively expressing the ...
Bushway Paul J - - 2008
We evaluated the performance of two plate readers (the Beckman Coulter [Fullerton, CA] DTX and the PerkinElmer [Wellesley, MA] EnVision) and a plate imager (the General Electric [Fairfield, CT] IN Cell 1000 Analyzer) in a primary fluorescent cellular screen of 10,000 Molecular Libraries Screening Center Network library compounds for up- ...
Schade-Kampmann G - - 2008
Many flow-cytometric cell characterization methods require costly markers and colour reagents. We present here a novel device for cell discrimination based on impedance measurement of electrical cell properties in a microfluidic chip, without the need of extensive sample preparation steps and the requirement of labelling dyes. We demonstrate that in-flow ...
Kurth F - - 2008
A bilayer microfluidic chip is used, in which multiple laminar streams are generated to define local microenvironments. The bilayer architecture of the microchip separates cell handling and positioning from cell activation by soluble chemicals. Cell activation is diffusion controlled through a porous membrane. By employing time-lapse fluorescence microscopy, gene expression ...
- - 2008
In this issue of Proteomics you will find the following highlighted articles:An old dog refines new tricksOld dogs are reputed to be slow learners but they can be subtle manipulators, able to induce younger dogs and gullible owners to share the food dish in their favor or choose the path ...
Rebhahn Jonathan A JA David H. Smith Center for Vaccine Biology and Immunology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2008
The Elispot effectively measures the frequencies of cells secreting particular molecules, especially low-frequency cells such as antigen-specific T cells. The Fluorospot assay adapted this analysis to two products per cell, and this has now been extended to three-color measurement of both mouse and human cytokine-secreting cells. Due to the increased ...
Greif Dominik - - 2008
In order to investigate the individual and inhomogenous cellular response, e.g. to external stimuli, single cell analysis is mandatory and may provide new cognitions in proteomics as well as in other fields of systems biology in the future. Here, we report on novel chip architectures for single cell analysis based ...
Duhamel Solange - - 2008
It has been demonstrated that ELF97-phosphate (ELF-P) is a useful tool to detect and quantify phosphatase activity of phytoplankton populations at a single cell level. Recently, it has been successfully applied to marine heterotrophic bacteria in culture samples, the cells exhibiting phosphatase activity being detected using epifluorescence microscopy. Here, we ...
Toimela Tarja - - 2008
Machine vision is an application of computer vision. It both collects visual information and interprets the images. Although the machine obviously does not 'see' in the same sense that humans do, it is possible to acquire visual information and to create programmes to identify relevant image features in an effective ...
Cao-Hoang Lan - - 2008
Many fluorescent techniques are employed to evaluate the viability and activity of microbial cells used in biotechnology. These techniques are sometimes complex and the interpretation of results opened to misunderstanding. Moreover, new developments are constantly proposed especially concerning a more accurate evaluation of the state of the cells including eukaryotic ...
Adamo Andrea - - 2008
We report a microfluidic based approach for single cell microinjection in which fluid streams direct a cell onto a fixed microneedle in contrast to moving a microneedle towards an immobilized cell, as done in conventional methods. The approach simplifies microinjection and offers the potential for flow through automated microinjection of ...
Yu Qianru - - 2008
In the crowded cellular milieu, biological processes require coordinated intermolecular interactions, conformational changes, and molecular transport that span a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. This complexity requires an integrated, noninvasive, multiscale experimental approach. Here, we develop a multimodal fluorescence microspectroscopy system, integrated on a single platform, to gain ...
Ismail M Samy - - 2008
The fluorescence properties of biological tissues have been considered as intrinsic parameters to discriminate diseased from normal conditions. In vivo fluorescence diagnosis of cancer is based on special fluorescent dyes and their properties of tumour selective retention. The experimental in vivo model of the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of chicken embryos ...
Meluzín Jaroslav - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Intracoronary cell transplantation during catheter balloon inflations may be associated with adverse events. We studied the effectiveness of an alternative transplantation technique--intracoronary cell infusion. METHODS: Fourteen pigs, which had survived acute myocardial infarction, were randomized into 2 treatment groups and 2 controls. Three days after infarction, 12 pigs underwent ...
Tamagnini Isabella - - 2008
The environmental bacterium Bacillus licheniformis was transformed with two different shuttle-vectors (pCSS810 and pGFPratiometric) containing insect luciferase and green fluorescent protein genes, respectively. The cells were treated with various antimicrobial agents and the emitted bioluminescence and fluorescence were measured. Plasmid harboring the green fluorescent protein gene was totally segregated without ...
Luo Juntao - - 2008
We have developed a new color-encoding method that facilitates high-throughput screening of one-bead one-compound (OBOC) combinatorial libraries. Polymer beads displaying chemical compounds or families of compounds are stained with oil-based organic dyes that are used as coding tags. The color dyes do not affect cell binding to the compounds displayed ...
Matsunaga Tadashi - - 2008
Here, we report a high-efficiency single-cell entrapment system with a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microfluidic device integrated with a micromesh, and its application to single-cell fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. A micromesh comprising of 10 x 10 microcavities was fabricated on a black poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) substrate by laser ablation. The ...
Rosenbluth Michael J - - 2008
Pathological processes in hematologic diseases originate at the single-cell level, often making measurements on individual cells more clinically relevant than population averages from bulk analysis. For this reason, flow cytometry has been an effective tool for single-cell analysis of properties using light scattering and fluorescence labeling. However, conventional flow cytometry ...
Wang Da-Yuan - - 2008
Cortisol is an important glucocorticoid in humans that regulates many physiological processes. Human 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) converts cortisone to cortisol in vivo and has emerged as an appealing therapeutic target for treating metabolic diseases. Here, we report a sensitive and robust high-throughput (HT) cell-based assay for screening 11beta-HSD1 ...
Brewer Laurence R - - 2008
Microfluidic flow cells are used in single-molecule experiments, enabling measurements to be made with high spatial and temporal resolution. We discuss the fundamental processes affecting flow cell operation and describe the flow cells in use at present for studying the interaction of optically trapped or mechanically isolated, single DNA molecules ...
Lantz Andrew W - - 2008
CE, long a staple in analytical chemistry for molecular separations, has recently been adapted for separating heterogeneous mixtures of microbial cells based on intrinsic differences in cell morphology and surface charge. In this application, CE enables effective separations of both relatively broad categories of cells, as well as of more ...
Mollet Mike - - 2008
Fluorescence activated cell sorting, FACS, is a widely used method to sort subpopulations of cells to high purities. To achieve relatively high sorting speeds, FACS instruments operate by forcing suspended cells to flow in a single file line through a laser(s) beam(s). Subsequently, this flow stream breaks up into individual ...
Maddox Clinton B - - 2008
In recent years, cell-based phenotypic assays have emerged as an effective and robust addition to the array of assay technologies available for drug discovery in the high throughput screening arena. Previously, biochemical target-based assays have been the technology of choice. With the emergence of stem cells as a basis for ...
Perroud Thomas D - - 2008
We have extended the principle of optical tweezers as a noninvasive technique to actively sort hydrodynamically focused cells based on their fluorescence signal in a microfluidic device. This micro fluorescence-activated cell sorter (microFACS) uses an infrared laser to laterally deflect cells into a collection channel. Green-labeled macrophages were sorted from ...
DJIGBENOU, JEANNETTE DONAN
Cell-based design is a widely adopted design approach in current Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC) and System-on-Chip (SOC) designs. A standard cell library is a collection of basic building blocks that can be used in cell-based design. The use of a standard cell library offers shorter design time, induces fewer ...
Harz Michaela - - 2008
This contribution provides a new approach for single blood cell analysis in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with the possibility of utilizing simultaneously on the same sample the unique capabilities of the two methods fluorescence staining and Raman spectroscopy. By doing so this technique enables the potential of accurate and rapid cell ...
Lau Adrian Y - - 2008
We report on integrated optofluidic Raman-activated cell sorting (RACS) platforms that combine multichannel microfluidic devices and laser tweezers Raman spectroscopy (LTRS) for delivery, identification, and simultaneous sorting of individual cells. The system allows label-free cell identification based on Raman spectroscopy and automated continuous cell sorting. Two optofluidic designs using hydrodynamic ...
Chen Antony K - - 2008
Fluorescent microscopy experiments show that when 2'-O-methyl-modified molecular beacons (MBs) are introduced into NIH/3T3 cells, they elicit a nonspecific signal in the nucleus. This false-positive signal can be avoided by conjugating MBs to macromolecules (e.g. NeutrAvidin) that prevent nuclear sequestration, but the presence of a macromolecule makes efficient cytosolic delivery ...
Köster Sarah - - 2008
We use microfluidic devices to encapsulate, incubate, and manipulate individual cells in picoliter aqueous drops in a carrier fluid at rates of up to several hundred Hz. We use a modular approach with individual devices for each function, thereby significantly increasing the robustness of our system and making it highly ...
Hsu Carey F - - 2008
Quantitative fluorescence-based methods have been developed to determine the nuclear concentration of polyamide-fluorescein conjugates in cell culture. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and flow cytometry techniques are utilized to plot calibration curves, from which the nuclear concentration can be interpolated. Upon treatment with polyamide, the concentration in the nucleus of live ...
McGrath Kathleen E - - 2008
Normal and abnormal blood cells are typically analyzed by either histologic or flow cytometric approaches. Histology allows morphological examination of complex visual traits but with relatively limited numbers of cells. Flow cytometry can quantify multiple fluorescent parameters on millions of cells, but lacks morphological or sub-cellular spatial detail. In this ...
Willemse Joost - - 2008
A semi-automated method to quantify fluorescence intensity of objects in intact organs and tissues, composed of several cell layers, has been designed. The method has been developed on whole-mount propidium-iodide stained Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) root tips, in which the DNA content of individual nuclei could be quantified. A diameter of ...
Keppler-Ross Sabine - - 2008
The ability to visualize cellular events by linking them to color or fluorescence changes has been an invaluable tool for biology. We describe a novel plasmid-borne color marker whose expression in yeast leads to purple-colored cells that are also brightly fluorescent. This dominant marker provides a useful tool for rapidly ...
Borejdo Julian - - 2008
Recent advances in detector technology make it possible to achieve single molecule detection (SMD) in a cell. SMD avoids complications associated with averaging signals from large assemblies and with diluting and disorganizing proteins. However, it requires that cells be illuminated with an intense laser beam, which causes photobleaching and cell ...
Wang Fen - - 2008
Microfluidics-based cell assays offer high levels of automation and integration, and allow multiple assays to be run in parallel, based on reduced sample volumes. These characteristics make them attractive for studies associated with drug discovery. Controlled delivery of drug molecules or other exogenous materials into cells is a critical issue ...
Toita Sayaka - - 2008
Quantum dots (QDs) have attracted attention for their potential as a cell imaging regent. However, the development of effective intracellular delivery system for QDs is needed to apply various cell lines without affecting cellular function. We reported here new QDs delivery system by using cationic nanogel consisting of cholesterol-bearing pullulan ...
Wang Guqi - - 2008
The oxidation of 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (2',7'-dichlorofluorescin, DCFH) to a fluorescent product, 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein (DCF), is commonly used to quantitatively measure oxidative stress in cells using a fluorescence microplate reader. However, many cell lines tend to grow non-uniformly in the wells. This non-uniform distribution results in a high degree of variability in the ...
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