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Chun Honggu - - 2009
Bio-cell chips are microarrays, which are composed of collections of cell spots attached to the surface. They hold intact cells and therefore enable the study of gene-gene interactions and gene-protein interactions in a cell with three-dimensional positional information. The authors developed a 16 x 6 array bio-cell chip comprising a ...
Kurec M - - 2009
This work presents a yeast-cell vitality-assessment method based on on-line intracellular fluorescence measurement. The intracellular NAD(P)H fluorescence of a cell suspension is recorded during transition from aerobic to anaerobic conditions and the output signal is evaluated as a measure of yeast vitality (quality). This fluorescence method showed a highly satisfactory ...
Shvets Elena - - 2009
Autophagy is a major intracellular catabolic pathway induced in response to amino acid starvation. Recent findings implicate it in diverse physiological/pathophysiological events, such as protein and organelle turnover, development, aging, pathogen infection, cell death, and neurodegeneration. However, experimental methods to monitor this process in mammalian cells are limited because of ...
Wei Yan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: D-ribose in cells and human serum participates in glycation of proteins resulting in advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that affect cell metabolism and induce cell death. However, the mechanism by which D-ribose-glycated proteins induce cell death is still unclear. RESULTS: Here, we incubated D-ribose with bovine serum albumin (BSA) ...
Bradburne Christopher - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nucleofection is an emerging technology for delivery of nucleic acids into both the cytoplasm and nucleus of eukaryotic cells with high efficiency. This makes it an ideal technology for gene delivery and siRNA applications. A 96-well format has recently been made available for high-throughput nucleofection, however conditions must be ...
Ho Mitchell - - 2009
We describe a human cell display strategy to isolate high-affinity single-chain antibody fragments (scFvs) specific for CD22 for the treatment of B-cell malignancies. Our strategy uses flow cytometry and human embryonic kidney 293T (HEK-293T) cells that are widely used for transient protein expression. Flow cytometry enhances the screen's sensitivity thereby ...
Hu He - - 2009
Uniform silica-coated NaYF(4): 20 mol % Yb, 2 mol % Er nanocomposites with good dispersibility, containing organic dye incorporated in the silica shell and folic acid conjugated on the surface of the shell, were prepared and characterized. The core-shell nanocomposites are 20-22 nm in size, water soluble, and buffer stable, ...
Shachaf Catherine M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Detection of single cell epitopes has been a mainstay of immunophenotyping for over three decades, primarily using fluorescence techniques for quantitation. Fluorescence has broad overlapping spectra, limiting multiplexing abilities. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To expand upon current detection systems, we developed a novel method for multi-color immuno-detection in single cells using ...
Beta Carsten - - 2009
Quantitative studies of chemotactic signaling require experimental techniques that can expose single cells to chemical stimuli with high resolution in both space and time. Recently, we have introduced the method of flow photolysis (Anal. Chem. 79:3940-3944, 2007), which combines microfluidic techniques with the photochemical release of caged compounds. This method ...
Caron Antoine W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite the powerful impact in recent years of gene expression markers like the green fluorescent protein (GFP) to link the expression of recombinant protein for selection of high producers, there is a strong incentive to develop rapid and efficient methods for isolating mammalian cell clones secreting high levels of ...
Bunyak Filiz - - 2009
Fluorescently tagged proteins such as GFP-PCNA produce rich dynamically varying textural patterns of foci distributed in the nucleus. This enables the behavioral study of sub-cellular structures during different phases of the cell cycle. The varying punctuate patterns of fluorescence, drastic changes in SNR, shape and position during mitosis and abundance ...
Nowotschin Sonja - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The use of genetically-encoded fluorescent proteins has revolutionized the fields of cell and developmental biology and in doing so redefined our understanding of the dynamic morphogenetic processes that shape the embryo. With the advent of more accessible and sophisticated imaging technologies as well as an abundance of fluorescent proteins ...
Butts Cherie L - - 2009
Measurement of protein expression in live, intact cells using flow cytometry (FC) has been employed for several decades in the areas of immunology, cell biology, and molecular biology. More recently, this technique has found appreciation in applied scientific fields, including cancer biology and endocrinology, to serve as a tool for ...
Rodríguez-Casuriaga Rosana - - 2009
Homogeneity of cell populations is a prerequisite for the analysis of biochemical and molecular events during male gamete differentiation. Given the complex organization of the mammalian testicular tissue, various methods have been used to obtain enriched or purified cell populations, including flow cell sorting. Current protocols are usually time-consuming and ...
Su Jing - - 2009
The regulation of many cell functions is inherently linked to cell-cell contact interactions. However, effects of contact interactions among adherent cells can be difficult to detect with global summary statistics due to the localized nature and noise inherent to cell-cell interactions. The lack of informatics approaches specific for detecting cell-cell ...
Sun Ning - - 2009
Development of non-invasive and accurate methods to track cell fate after delivery will greatly expedite transition of embryonic stem (ES) cell therapy to the clinic. In this protocol, we describe the in vivo monitoring of stem cell survival, proliferation and migration using reporter genes. We established stable ES cell lines ...
Diercks Alan - - 2009
Decoding the complexity of multicellular organisms requires analytical procedures to overcome the limitations of averaged measurements of cell populations, which obscure inherent cell-cell heterogeneity and restrict the ability to distinguish between the responses of individual cells within a sample. For example, defining the timing, magnitude and the coordination of cytokine ...
Lindon Catherine C Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2009
The targeted destruction of key regulators helps to drive the cell cycle. Here we describe a quantitative assay to measure destruction of different regulators in mitotic cells. This assay uses GFP-tagged substrates and time-lapse fluorescence microscopy of single cells to pinpoint the timing of destruction of different substrates at different ...
Cheong Raymond R Department of Biomedical Engineering and Whitaker Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Institute for Cell Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, - - 2009
Quantitative analysis and understanding of signaling networks require measurements of the location and activities of key proteins over time, at the level of single cells, in response to various perturbations. Microfluidic devices enable such analyses to be conducted in a high-throughput and in a highly controlled manner. We describe in ...
Yu Qianru - - 2009
Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, NADH, is a major electron donor in the oxidative phosphorylation and glycolytic pathways in cells. As a result, there has been recent resurgence in employing intrinsic NADH fluorescence as a natural probe for a range of cellular processes that include apoptosis, cancer pathology, and enzyme kinetics. ...
Wang Jun - - 2008
Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM) has been widely used to explore biological events that are close to the cell membrane by illuminating fluorescent molecules using the evanescent wave. However, TIRFM is typically limited to the examination of a low number of cells, and the results do not reveal potential ...
Tanaka Masahiko - - 2009
RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful means to investigate functions of genes involved in neuronal differentiation and degeneration. In contrast to widely used methods for introducing small interfering RNA (siRNA) into cells, recently developed single-cell electroporation has enabled transfer of siRNA into single and identified cells. To explore the availability ...
Sommer Florian - - 2009
Hyalocytes, the cells of the vitreous body, are assumed to be involved in physiological as well as patho-physiological processes within the eye. However, current knowledge about the cells is still limited. As different morphological types of hyalocytes are described in the literature, it seems reasonable to try to isolate individual ...
Faklaris Orestis - - 2008
Diamond nanoparticles are promising photoluminescent probes for tracking intracellular processes, due to embedded, perfectly photostable color centers. In this work, the spontaneous internalization of such nanoparticles (diameter 25 nm) in HeLa cancer cells is investigated by confocal microscopy and time-resolved techniques. Nanoparticles are observed inside the cell cytoplasm at the ...
Sasuga Yasuhiro - - 2008
Analyzing the intracellular contents and enzymatic activities of single cells is important for studying the physiological and pathological activities at the cellular level. For this purpose, we developed a simple single-cell lysis method by using a dense array of microwells of 10-30-pL volume fabricated by poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and a commercially ...
Yu Linfen - - 2008
This paper demonstrated the chemical analysis of single cell on a cross PDMS microfluidic chip in a simple, fast, and high-throughput mode. The pre-stained cells were sequentially loaded into the cross section by hydrodynamic force, lysed by 0.2% SDS and subsequently the lysates were detected by LIF. Each cell can ...
Shuguang Huang - - 2008
Cell samples from in vitro studies are almost never uniform; individual cells of a population may differ with respect to their developmental stage, phase in the cell cycle, state of transfection, or by natural variability. Therefore, a sample of cells is usually composed of several subcategories that depend on the ...
Stokes Robert J - - 2009
Bone marrow-derived immune cells (macrophages) treated with gold and silver nanoparticles before fixation and dye staining have been analysed by multiple wavelength line scanning surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) mapping. The method yields high selectivity and sensitivity within short analysis times, identifying nanoparticle aggregates in secondary lysosomes. Using routine ...
Musat Niculina - - 2008
Quantitative information on the ecophysiology of individual microorganisms is generally limited because it is difficult to assign specific metabolic activities to identified single cells. Here, we develop and apply a method, Halogen In Situ Hybridization-Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (HISH-SIMS), and show that it allows simultaneous phylogenetic identification and quantitation of ...
Zhang Wenshen - - 2009
A novel acidic fluorescent probe 1 has been designed, synthesized, characterized and evaluated in vivo as optical imaging of intracellular H(+). The design strategy for the probe is based on the change in structure between spirocyclic (non-fluorescent) and ring-open (fluorescent) forms of rhodamine dyes. The probe exhibits high sensitivity, good ...
Sasuga Yasuhiro - - 2008
Analyzing the intracellular contents and enzymatic activities of single cells is important for studying the physiological and pathological activities at the cellular level. For this purpose, we developed a simple single-cell lysis method by using a dense array of microwells of 10-30-pL volume fabricated by poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and a commercially ...
Shiku Hitoshi - - 2009
Collection of bioanalytes from single cells is still a challenging technology despite the recent progress in many integrated microfluidic devices. A microfluidic dual capillary probe was prepared from a theta (theta)-shaped glass capillary to analyze messenger RNA (mRNA) from adherent cells and spheroids. The cell lysis buffer solution was introduced ...
Kreso Antonija - - 2008
This unit describes protocols for working with colon cancer stem cells. To work with these cells one must start by generating single-cell suspensions from human colon cancer tissue. These cell suspensions are sorted using flow cytometry-assisted cell sorting to fractionate the cells into tumor-initiating and nontumor-initiating subsets. Once the cells ...
Fleming Glass K K - - 2008
This study considers the use of a two-stream microfluidic device for extraction of dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) from a cryopreserved cell suspension. The DMSO diffuses from a cell suspension stream into a neighboring wash stream flowing in parallel. The model of Fleming et al.[14] is employed to determine and discuss optimal ...
Wallace Paul K - - 2008
Cell-tracking reagents such as the green-fluorescent protein labeling dye CFSE and the red-fluorescent lipophilic membrane dye PKH26 are commonly used to monitor cell proliferation by flow cytometry in heterogeneous cell populations responding to immune stimuli. Both reagents stain cells with a bright homogeneous fluorescence, which is partitioned between daughter cells ...
Zhang Li-Chen - - 2008
When deprived of combined nitrogen, the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7120 relies on intercellular cooperation involving two cell types: nitrogen-fixing heterocysts and photosynthetic vegetative cells. Heterocysts send fixed nitrogen to vegetative cells over long distances along the filament, receiving a reduced carbon source from them. These intercellular exchanges might involve ...
Mckenna Brian K - - 2009
We have constructed a 384-channel parallel microfluidic cytometer (PMC). The multichannel architecture allows 384 unique samples for a cell-based screen to be read out in approximately 6-10 min, about 30-times the speed of a conventional fluorescence-activated cytometer system (FACS). This architecture also allows the signal integration time to be varied ...
- - 2008
In this issue of Proteomics you will find the following highlighted articles:When doing your best is too goodSometimes it pays to go back and question your assumptions, particularly if you are about to embark on a project with a lot of samples to process and analyze and, more particularly, if ...
Strack Rita L RL Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Gordon Center W238, Chicago, Illinois 60637, - - 2008
A common application of fluorescent proteins is to label whole cells, but many RFPs are cytotoxic when used with standard high-level expression systems. We engineered a rapidly maturing tetrameric fluorescent protein called DsRed-Express2 that has minimal cytotoxicity. DsRed-Express2 exhibits strong and stable expression in bacterial and mammalian cells, and it ...
Tracy Bryan P - - 2008
The study of microbial heterogeneity at the single-cell level is a rapidly growing area of research in microbiology and biotechnology due to its significance in pathogenesis, environmental biology, and industrial biotechnologies. However, the tools available for efficiently and precisely probing such heterogeneity are limited for most bacteria. Here we describe ...
Chao Tzu-Chiao - - 2008
Biological analyses traditionally probe cell ensembles in the range of 103-106 cells, thereby completely averaging over relevant individual cell responses, such as differences in cell proliferation, responses to external stimuli or disease onset. In past years, this fact has been realized and increasing interest has evolved for single-cell analytical methods, ...
Chevalier E - - 2009
This paper describes the use of a novel flow cell, the T-cell, adapted to the flow-through cell apparatus, for the study of ibuprofen release from implantable loaded pellets and its performance in comparison to the compendial tablet cell. In fact, the drug targeting with a local delivery system becomes increasingly ...
Weir Christopher - - 2008
Cell therapies have been used to regenerate the heart by direct myocardial delivery, by coronary infusion and by surface attached scaffolds. Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) with capacity to differentiate into cardiomyocytes and other cell lines have been predominantly trialled in rodents. However, large animal models are increasingly needed to ...
Williams Y - - 2008
Semiconductor nanoparticles or quantum dots are being increasingly utilized as fluorescent probes in cell biology both in live and fixed cell assays. Quantum dots possess an immense potential for use in multiplexing assays that can be run on high content screening analysers. Depending on the nature of the biological target ...
Mancaniello Debora - - 2008
The flow acetone staining technique (FAST) allows one to concurrently study physical cell features revealed by light-scatter analysis, surface/nuclear phenotypes, and cellular DNA content. Thus, diverse subpopulations of proliferating cells can be identified in heterogeneous populations by their immunophenotype and their cell cycle status, and DNA ploidy can be assessed. ...
Wu Zhigang - - 2008
A high viability microfluidic cell separation technique of high throughput was demonstrated based on size difference continuous mode hydrodynamic spreading with viscoelastic tuning. Using water with fluorescent dye as sample fluid and in parallel introducing as elution a viscoelastic biocompatible polymer solution of alginic sodium, the spreading behavior was investigated ...
She Jun Jun - - 2008
Side population (SP) cells can be used to identify putative cancer stem cells (CSC), but this technique is hampered by the requirement for an ultraviolet (UV) laser source. DyeCycle Violet reagent (DCV) is a DNA-binding dye that can be used in the common violet laser diode (VLD)-equipped flow cytometer. In ...
Galanzha Ekaterina I - - 2008
Compared with blood tests, cell assessment in lymphatics is not well-established. The goal of this work was to develop in vivo lymph tests using the principles of flow cytometry. Cells in living animals were counted by laser (420-2,300 nm) generation of photoacoustic (PA) signals in individual cells hydrodynamically focused by ...
Bao Ning - - 2008
Biomechanical properties of cells yield important information on the disease state of cells such as transformation and metastasis. Screening of cells based on their biomechanical properties provides rapid tools for label-free diagnosis and staging of cancers. However, existent single-cell techniques for measuring biomechanical properties suffer from low throughput (<1 cell/min). ...
Plöttner Sabine - - 2008
As carcinogenesis is a process starting at the single-cell level it is desirable to study carcinogen-mediated effects in individual cells. A primary step in chemically induced carcinogenesis is the formation of reactive DNA-binding metabolites by cytochromes P450 (CYP). We applied indirect immunofluorescence to stain CYP1A1 in urothelial cells for quantification ...
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