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Manda Sudhakar S Medicinal Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal Road, Jammu 180001, India; Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal Road, Jammu 180001, - - 2014
A series of N-substituted tetrahydro-β-carbolines were synthesized and screened for antileishmanial activity through an in vitro assay that involves promastigotes and axenic amastigotes of Leishmania donovani, the causative agent for visceral leishmaniasis. The thiophen-2-yl analogs 9b and 11f and naphthyl analog 11h were found to show significant activity against promastigotes ...
Chen Cao C State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Changbai Road 155, Beijing 102206, People's Republic of - - 2014
It has been described that A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM10) may involve in the physiopathology of prion diseases, but the direct molecular basis still remains unsolved. In this study, we confirmed that ADAM10 was able to cleave recombinant human prion protein in vitro. Using immunoprecipitation tests (IP) and immunofluorescent assays ...
Machado M M Faculty of Pharmacy/CEF, University of Coimbra, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, 3030-548 Coimbra, Portugal; Pharmacy Department, School of Health Vale do Ave/Centre for Research in Health Technologies CESPU-IPSN, Gandra, - - 2013
In the search for new leishmanicidal agents, Thymus capitellatus Hoffmanns. & Link (family Lamiaceae) volatile extract and its major compounds, 1,8-cineole and borneol, were tested against Leishmania infantum, Leishmania tropica and Leishmania major. Plant volatile extract (essential oil) was analysed by GC and GC-MS and the activity of essential oil ...
Choi Young Pyo YP Laboratory of Persistent Viral Diseases, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, - - 2013
Prion diseases are characterized by the conversion of the soluble protease-sensitive host-encoded prion protein (PrP(C)) into its aggregated, protease-resistant, and infectious isoform (PrP(Sc)). One of the earliest events occurring in cells following exposure to an exogenous source of prions is the cellular uptake of PrP(Sc). It is unclear how the ...
Castro Erica V - - 2013
We studied the effect of myriocin, an inhibitor of serine palmitoyltransferase, on cultured Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis promastigotes. Myriocin significantly reduced synthesis of inositol phosphorylceramide, the major sphingolipid expressed in promastigotes as characterized by thin layer chromatography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Log-phase promastigotes treated with 1 μM myriocin showed a 52% ...
Boerner Susann - - 2013
Laboratory animals have long since been used extensively in bioassays for prions in order to quantify, usually in terms of median infective doses [ID50], how infectious these pathogens are in vivo. The identification of aberrant prion protein as the main component and self-replicating principle of prions has given rise to ...
Kegler K - - 2013
A 2-year-old female boxer dog was presented with a vaginal serosanguineous discharge not associated with oestrus. There was a friable mass occupying the upper caudal part of the vagina. Cytological and histological examination revealed a monomorphic population of neoplastic round cells consistent with canine transmissible venereal tumour (TVT). In addition, ...
Kaur Jaspreet - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mode of action of monastrol in intracellular Leishmania. METHODS: Microarray experiments were conducted on an Affymetrix GeneChip(®) Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array, to determine the genes that encode proteins related to pathological alterations of cell signalling pathways in intracellular Leishmania amastigotes in response to monastrol ...
Grassmann Andrea - - 2013
Prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are fatal neurodegenerative disorders in mammals that are caused by unconventional agents predominantly composed of aggregated misfolded prion protein (PrP). Prions self-propagate by recruitment of host-encoded PrP into highly ordered b-sheet rich aggregates. Prion strains differ in their clinical, pathological and biochemical characteristics ...
Lehnhardt Pires Camila - - 2013
The sulfated polysaccharides from Solieria filiformis (Sf), Botryocladia occidentalis (Bo), Caulerpa racemosa (Cr) and Gracilaria caudata (Gc) were extracted and extensively purified. These compounds were then subjected to in vitro assays to evaluate the inhibition of these polysaccharides on the growth of Leishmania (L.) amazonensis promastigotes. Under the same assay ...
da Silva Marcelo Santos - - 2013
Here, we show the morphological events associated with organelle segregation and their timing in the cell cycle of a reference strain of Leishmania (L.) amazonensis promastigotes, the main causative agent of Tegumentary leishmaniasis in the Americas. We show evidences that during the cell cycle, L. amazonensis promastigotes present two distinct ...
Hernández Indira Paola - - 2012
The use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) against cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) based on chloroaluminum phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) is a promissory alternative therapy. The main purpose of this article was to assess the internalization and in vitro phototoxic activities of ClAlPc encapsulated in ultradeformable liposomes (UDL-ClAlPc) in Leishmania parasites and mammalian cells. Cell ...
Sharma Jaya - - 2012
Differences in the clinical pathology of mammalian prion diseases reflect distinct heritable conformations of aggregated PrP proteins, called prion strains. Here, using the yeast [PSI(+) ] prion, we examine the de novo establishment of prion strains (called variants in yeast). The [PSI(+) ] prion protein, Sup35, is efficiently induced to ...
Govoni Marco - - 2012
Much evidence in the literature demonstrates the effect of cyclic mechanical stretch in maintaining, or addressing, a muscle phenotype. Such results were obtained using several technical approaches, useful for the experimental collection of proofs of principle but probably unsuitable for application in clinical regenerative medicine. Here we aimed to design ...
Büller Nikè V J A - - 2012
Homeostasis of the rapidly renewing intestinal epithelium depends on a balance between cell proliferation and loss. Indian hedgehog (Ihh) acts as a negative feedback signal in this dynamic equilibrium. We discuss recent evidence that Ihh may be one of the key epithelial signals that indicates epithelial integrity to the underlying ...
Kunida Katsuyuki - - 2012
Cell migration plays an important role in many physiological processes. Rho GTPases (Rac1, Cdc42, RhoA) and phosphatidyl inositols have been extensively studied in directional cell migration. However, it remains unclear how Rho GTPases and phosphatidyl inositols regulate random cell migration in space and time. Here, we attempt to address this ...
Seo Jung Hwa - - 2012
The importance of symmetry breaking was investigated in bulk heterojunction solar cells with a conventional device structure. Artificial symmetry breaking was built up by introducing a titanium suboxide. With sufficient symmetry breaking, the influence of the cathode work-function can be diminished, thereby extracting the same level of open circuit voltage ...
Sasaki Kiyoshi - - 2012
This catalogue is a display of focus photos representative of the BALB/c 3T3 cell transformation assay (CTA). It is intended as a visual aid for the identification and the scoring of foci in the conduct of the assay. A proper training from experienced personnel together with the protocol reported in ...
Orfila Caroline - - 2012
A mung bean (Vigna radiata) pectin acetyl esterase (CAA67728) was heterologously expressed in tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum) under the control of the granule-bound starch synthase promoter or the patatin promoter in order to probe the significance of O-acetylation on cell wall and tissue properties. The recombinant tubers showed no ...
Wang Xing - - 2012
Chirality is one of the significant biochemical signatures of life. Nearly all biological polymers are homochiral as they usually show high preference towards one specific enantiomer. This phenomenon inspires us to design biomaterials with chiral units and study their interactions with cells and other biological entities. In this article, through ...
Sampson Christopher J - - 2012
The cellular branch of the Drosophila larval innate immune system consists of three immunosurveillance (haemocyte) cell types: plasmatocytes, crystal cells, and lamellocytes. In order to examine haemocyte cytoskeletal dynamics or migration, most researchers use embryos or in vitro cell culture systems, but very little is known about the behaviour of ...
Moes Michèle - - 2012
The majority of human cancer deaths are caused by metastasis. The metastatic dissemination is initiated by the breakdown of epithelial cell homeostasis. During this phenomenon, referred to as epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), cells change their genetic and trancriptomic program leading to phenotypic and functional alterations. The challenge of understanding ...
Kubie John L - - 2012
The crisp organization of the "firing bumps" of entorhinal grid cells and conjunctive cells leads to the notion that the entorhinal cortex may compute linear navigation routes. Specifically, we propose a process, termed "linear look-ahead," by which a stationary animal could compute a series of locations in the direction it ...
Wang Peng-Yuan - - 2011
Substrate stiffness is emerging as an effective tool for the regulation of cell behaviours such as locomotion, proliferation and differentiation. In order to explore the potential application of this biophysical tool, material platforms displaying lateral and continuously graded stiffness are advantageous since they allow the systematic exploration of adherent cell ...
Armstrong Carol L - - 2011
The Lurcher mutant mouse is characterized by its ataxic gait and loss of cerebellar Purkinje cells and their afferents, granule cells and olivary neurons, during the first weeks of postnatal development. For the 50 years since its discovery, the heterozygous Lurcher mutant has served as an important model system for studying ...
Halilovic Adna A Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, - - 2011
Heme oxygenase (HO) represents an intrinsic cytoprotective system based on its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties mediated via its products biliverdin/bilirubin and carbon monoxide (CO). We showed that deletion of HO-2 results in impaired corneal wound healing with associated chronic inflammatory complications. This study was undertaken to examine the role of ...
Benítez-Santana Tibiábin - - 2011
There is limited information on the specific effects of long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) on neuron development and functioning. Deficiency of those essential fatty acids impairs escape and avoidance behaviour in fish, where Mauthner cells (M-cells) play a particularly important role in initiating this response. Gilthead seabream larvae fed two different LCPUFA ...
Lee Chih-Hung - - 2011
Arsenic-induced Bowen's disease (As-BD), a cutaneous carcinoma in situ, is thought to arise from gene mutation and uncontrolled proliferation. However, how mitochondria regulate the arsenic-induced cell proliferation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify whether arsenic interfered with mitochondrial biogenesis and function, leading to aberrant cell proliferation ...
Jamieson Joseph D - - 2011
Thiabendazole (TBZ), an antihelminthic and antifungal agent, is associated with a host of adverse effects including nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, and teratogenicity. Bioactivation of the primary metabolite of TBZ, 5-hydroxythiabendazole, has been proposed to yield a reactive intermediate. Here we show that this reactive intermediate can be catalyzed by myeloperoxidase (MPO), a ...
Witherden Deborah A - - 2011
γδ T cells lie at the interface between innate and adaptive immunity, sharing features with both arms of the immune system. The vast majority of γδ T cells reside in epithelial layers of tissues such as skin, gut, lung, tongue and reproductive tract where they provide a first line of ...
Taveirne Sylvie - - 2011
This study tested the hypothesis that Vγ3 TCR-bearing T cells are influenced by LCs. Vγ3 T cells and LCs are located in the epidermis of mice. Vγ3 T cells represent the main T cell population in the skin epithelium and play a crucial role in maintaining the skin integrity, whereas ...
Zanette Caterina - - 2011
For their antibacterial activity, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are largely used in various commercially available products designed to come in direct contact with the skin. In this study we investigated the effects of Ag NPs on skin using the human-derived keratinocyte HaCaT cell line model. Ag NPs caused a concentration- ...
Rago Gianluca - - 2011
Understanding the mechanism underlying the interactions between inorganic nanostructures and biological systems is crucial for several rapidly growing fields that rely on nano-bio interactions. In particular, the further development of cell-targeted drug delivery using metallic nanoparticles (NP) requires new tools for understanding the mechanisms triggered by the contact of NPs ...
Whitney Heather M - - 2011
The conical epidermal cells found on the petals of most Angiosperm species are so widespread that they have been used as markers of petal identity, but their function has only been analysed in recent years. This review brings together diverse data on the role of these cells in pollination biology. ...
Gerlach Jörg C - - 2011
Background: There is a therapeutic gap for patients with deep partial thickness wounds (Grade IIb) of moderate size that were initially not treated with split- or mesh grafting to avoid overgrafting, but developed delayed wound healing around two weeks after injury - at which time grafting is typically not indicated ...
Dillon Michael B - - 2011
This review examines whether exfoliated, virus-infected animal skin cells could be an important source of infectious foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) aerosols. Infectious material rafting on skin cell aerosols is an established means of transmitting other diseases. The evidence for a similar mechanism for FMDV is: (i) FMDV is ...
Bao Huiqiong - - 2011
Cell blocks can be prepared from residual ThinPrep material, and immunohistochemical staining can be used. The objectives of the current study were (1) to investigate the role of cell block preparation in identifying significant preneoplastic cervical lesions; and (2) to assess the diagnostic value of p16(INK4A) and Ki-67 immunostaining on ...
Chen Jennifer Y - - 2011
Epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) have often shown two distinct binding affinities for epidermal growth factor. It is the high-affinity EGFR that is predominantly responsible for mediating the cell signaling that plays an indispensable role in cell growth, proliferation, motility, and differentiation. We applied the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation ...
Wei Anji - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate the age-related changes in human palpebral conjunctiva and meibomian glands by in vivo confocal microscopy. METHODS:: Forty-nine healthy volunteers (20 men and 29 women; mean age, 43.4 ± 22.7 years; range, 9-85 years) were recruited from the community. Laser scanning confocal microscopy was used to observe and ...
Croyle Mandy J - - 2011
Skin and hair follicle morphogenesis and homeostasis require the integration of multiple signaling pathways, including Hedgehog (Hh) and Wingless (Wnt), and oriented cell divisions, all of which have been associated with primary cilia. Although studies have shown that disrupting dermal cilia causes follicular arrest and attenuated Hh signaling, little is ...
He Min-Di - - 2011
Mitochondrial dysfunction is thought to be a part of the mechanism underlying nickel-induced neurotoxicity. L-carnitine (LC), a quaternary ammonium compound biosynthesized from the amino acids lysine and methionine in all mammalian species, manifests its neuroprotective effects by improving mitochondrial energetics and function. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Garcia N - - 2011
One of the main functions of the skin is to protect the organism against environmental threats, such as thermal stress. Aquaporin-3 (AQP3) facilitates water and glycerol transport across cell membranes and therefore regulates osmotic balance in different situations of stress. This mechanism seems to be particularly important for the resistance ...
Cruz-Bravo R K - - 2011
  The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a fermented nondigestible fraction (FNDF) of cooked bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivar Negro 8025 on human colon adenocarcinoma HT-29 cell survival. Negro 8025 was chosen for in vitro fermentation based on comparison of chemical composition with 2 other ...
Pandey Arushi - - 2011
Objective: To assess the distribution pattern of Langerhans cells in oral lichen planus using adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) histochemistry and to correlate this with the duration of symptoms. Method and Materials: Included were fresh unfixed tissues from previously untreated cases that were clinically and histologically diagnosed as oral lichen planus (n ...
Gerlach Jörg C JC Department of Surgery, McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15203, USA. - - 2011
There is a therapeutic gap for patients with deep partial thickness wounds (Grade IIb) of moderate size that were initially not treated with split- or mesh grafting to avoid overgrafting, but developed delayed wound healing around two weeks after injury--at which time grafting is typically not indicated anymore. Delayed wound ...
Bindon Keren A - - 2011
Proanthocyanidins were isolated from the skins of Cabernet Sauvignon grapes at different stages of grape development in order to study the effect of proanthocyanidin modification on the interaction with grape cell wall material. After veraison, the degree of proanthocyanidin polymerization increased, and thereafter was variable between 24 and 33 subunits ...
Weir Lynda - - 2011
The WST-1 assay is frequently used to assess cell proliferation. However, our study showed that in normal and cancerous keratinocytes this assay is more responsive to changes in oxygenation than to rates of cell growth. Stimulation of keratinocyte proliferation by low Ca(2+) and suppression of proliferation by Nocodazole resulted in ...
Luxenburg Chen - - 2011
During development, a polarized epidermal sheet undergoes stratification and differentiation to produce the skin barrier. Through mechanisms that are poorly understood, the process involves actin dynamics, spindle reorientation and Notch signalling. To elucidate how epidermal embryogenesis is governed, we conditionally targeted serum response factor (Srf), a transcription factor that is ...
Yamamoto T - - 2011
The distribution of mucous cells was examined in the skin on the ocular and blind sides of Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Observations were performed on both body sides at the following regions: cheek, lower jaw (blind side), gill cover (ocular side), dorsal side, lateral line, belly and caudal peduncle. The ...
D'Alessandro Mariella - - 2011
Skin fragility disorders caused by keratin mutations are incurable, and a better understanding of their etiology is needed to find new ways to improve and treat these conditions. The best-studied skin fragility disorder is epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS), an autosomal dominant condition caused by mutations in keratin 5 (K5) or ...
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