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Results 301 - 350 of 1543
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Jiang Xiao Jing - - 2008
The glycoprotein (g) complex gH/gL represents an essential part of the herpesvirus fusion machinery mediating entry of cell-free virions and cell-associated viral spread. In some herpesviruses additional proteins are associated with gH/gL contributing to the cell tropism of the respective virus. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) gH/gL forms complexes with either gO ...
Hassan M H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To circumvent the paucity of the primary adenovirus (Ad5) receptor and the non-specific Ad5 tropism in the context of uterine leiomyoma cells, Ad5 modification strategies would be beneficial. METHODS: We screened several modified adenoviruses to identify the most efficient and selective virus toward human leiomyoma cells to be used ...
Amandeep Kaur
A monocot mannose-binding Amaryllidaceae lectin from the bulbs of <I>Crinum latifolium</I>, specific for methyl-α-D-mannopyranoside, has earlier been reported as a nonmitogenic, nonglycosylated homodimeric protein with a subunit molecular mass of 12 kDa. In addition to the conventional protein purification techniques, lectin has also been purified using reverse phase high-performance liquid ...
Zhang Jing-xin - - 2008
Development of a small animal model to study HIV replication and pathogenesis has been hampered by the failure of the virus to replicate in non-primate cells. Most studies aimed at achieving replication in murine cells have been limited to fibroblast cell lines, but generating an appropriate model requires overcoming blocks ...
Vashistha Himanshu - - 2008
Human renal biopsy studies suggest the presence of HIV-1 and associated signs of injury in renal tubular epithelial cells. Because renal epithelial cells lack conventional HIV-1 receptors, the modus operandi of HIV-1 in the induction of tubular cell injury remains a mystery. In the present study, we evaluated the role ...
Herrera Mónica - - 2008
If we could rewind the tape of evolution and play it again, would it turn out to be similar to or different from what we know? Obviously, this key question can only be addressed by fragmentary experimental approaches. Twenty-two years ago, we described the establishment of BHK-21 cells persistently infected ...
Tervo Hanna-Mari - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The development of an immunocompetent, genetically modified mouse model to study HIV-1 pathogenesis and to test antiviral strategies has been hampered by the fact that cells from native mice do not or only inefficiently support several steps of the HIV-1 replication cycle. Upon HIV-1 infection, mouse T-cell lines fail ...
Choi Bongkun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family, can serve as a co-receptor along with CD4 for entry into the cell of T-cell tropic X4 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains. Productive infection of T-lymphoblastoid cells by X4 HIV-1 markedly reduces cell-surface expression ...
Saïdi Héla - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Terpenoid derivatives originating from many plants species, are interesting compounds with numerous biological effects, such as anti-HIV-1 activity. The zinc tetra-ascorbo-camphorate complex (or "C14"), a new monoterpenoid derivative was evaluated in vitro for its anti-HIV-1 activity on both R5- and X4-HIV-1 infection of primary target cells (macrophages, dendritic cells ...
Fiorito F - - 2008
Dioxin-2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a common environmental toxin of current interest. In the last years, higher levels of TCDD than those permitted in UE [European Commission. 2002. European Commission Recommendation 2002/201/CE. Official Gazette, L 67/69] were detected in milk samples from cow, water buffalo, goat, and sheep raised on some areas ...
Cervantes-García Daniel - - 2008
Current oncolytic virotherapy strategies are based in the accumulated understanding of the common molecular mechanisms displayed during cell transformation and viral infection, like cell cycle and apoptosis deregulations. Oncolytic virotherapy aims to achieve a strong cytolytic effect, highly restricted to transformed cells. Here, we describe the oncolytic virotherapy defined as ...
Dafonseca Sandrina - - 2008
DSB, the 3-O-(3',3'dimethylsuccinyl) derivative of betulinic acid, blocks the last step of protease-mediated processing of HIV-1 Gag precursor (Pr55Gag), which leads to immature, noninfectious virions. When administered to Pr55Gag-expressing insect cells (Sf9), DSB inhibits the assembly and budding of membrane-enveloped virus-like particles (VLP). In order to explore the possibility that ...
Ayouba Ahidjo A Institut Pasteur, Département de Virologie, Unité Régulation des Infections Rétrovirales, 25 rue du Dr Roux, 75724 Paris cedex 15, France. - - 2008
HIV-1 cell-to-cell transmission is more efficient than infection of permissive cells with cell-free particles. The potency of HIV-1 entry inhibitors to inhibit such transmission is not well known. Herein, we evaluated the efficacy of this new class of antiretrovirals to block cell-to-cell transmission of HIV-1 in a model of reconstitution ...
Kong Byung-Whi - - 2008
The avian metapneumovirus (AMPV) genome encodes the fusion (F), small hydrophobic (SH), and attachment glycoprotein (G) as envelope glycoproteins. The F and G proteins mainly function to allow viral entry into host cells during the early steps of the virus life cycle. The highly variable AMPV G protein is a ...
Bankamp Bettina - - 2008
To identify genetic changes that lead to the attenuation of measles virus (MV), a strain of MV that is pathogenic in rhesus macaques was adapted to grow in Vero cells, Vero/hSLAM cells and, to simulate the process used to derive live attenuated vaccines, in primary chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF). Comparison ...
Quirin Christina - - 2007
Oncolytic adenoviruses are emerging agents for treatment of cancer by tumor-restricted virus replication, cell lysis and virus spread. Clinical studies with first generation oncolytic adenoviruses have revealed that an increased potency is warranted in order to achieve therapeutic efficacy. One approach towards this end is to combine adenoviral oncolysis with ...
Ray Adrian S - - 2008
GS-9131 is a phosphonoamidate prodrug of the novel ribose-modified phosphonate nucleotide analog GS-9148 that demonstrates potent anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) activity and an excellent resistance profile in vitro. Prodrug moieties were optimized for the efficient delivery of GS-9148 and its active diphosphate (DP) metabolite to lymphoid cells following ...
Xiao Yong Y Laboratory of Human Retrovirology, Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2008
Increasing evidence suggests that extracellular Vpr could contribute to HIV pathogenesis through its effect on bystander cells. Soluble forms of Vpr have been detected in the sera and cerebrospinal fluids of HIV-1-infected patients, and in vitro studies have implicated extracellular Vpr as an effector of cellular responses, including G2 arrest, ...
Werner Maria - - 2007
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects more than 90% of the human population, and causes glandular fever as well as several more serious diseases. It is a tumor virus, and has been widely studied as a model system for cell transformation in humans. A central feature of the EBV life cycle ...
Lu Lu - - 2008
Previous studies have found the close correlation between epitope density and epitope-specific response, which have shown that high epitope density in a single recombinant protein molecule significantly enhances the humoral response and protective immunity. However, it has not been determined whether this kind of high epitope density could also significantly ...
Laakkonen Johanna P - - 2008
Baculovirus, Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), has the ability to transduce mammalian cell lines without replication. The general objective of this study was to detect the transcription and expression of viral immediate-early genes in human cells and to examine the interactions between viral components and subnuclear structures. Viral capsids were ...
Wengler Gerd - - 2007
Alpha- and flaviviruses contain class II fusion proteins, which form ion-permeable pores in the target membrane during virus entry. The pores generated during entry of the alphavirus Semliki Forest virus have been shown previously to be blocked by lanthanide ions. Here, analyses of the influence of rare earth ions on ...
Hernandez-Herrera R I - - 2007
This study evaluated the possible use of the fish SSN-1 cell line to investigate the development of Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV). Cells were incubated with viral particles and cytopathic effects were observed. De novo synthesis of viral capsid proteins was shown by immuno-fluorescence labelling and a sandwich ELISA test. Viral ...
Kumagai Etsuko - - 2007
We examined the effects of electrical stimulation on HIV-1-adsorbed MAGIC-5 (MAGIC-5/HIV-1) cells and unadsorbed MAGIC-5 (MAGIC-5) cells. When MAGIC-5 cells were stimulated by a constant d.c. potential of 1.0 V (vs Ag/Agcl) immediately after HIV-1(LAI) infection, infectivity was more affected by electrical stimulation than by cell membrane damage. In particular, ...
Bérubé, Julie
Abstract Background TRIM5α, which is expressed in most primates and the related TRIMCyp, which has been found in one of the New World monkey species, are antiviral proteins of the TRIM5 family that are able to intercept incoming retroviruses early after their entry into cells. The mechanism of action has ...
Kumarasuriyar Arjuna - - 2007
Several methods to alter cell surface glycosaminoglycan (GAG) expression have previously been described, including treatments with chlorate to reduce the addition of charged sulfate groups, xyloside compounds to displace GAGs from their core proteins, and GAG lyases, such as heparinase and chondroitinase, to release GAG fragments from the cell layer. ...
Thielen Beth K BK Department of Pathobiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2007
The deoxycytidine deaminase APOBEC3G (A3G) is expressed in human T cells and inhibits HIV-1 replication. When transfected into A3G-deficient epithelial cell lines, A3G induces catastrophic hypermutation by deaminating the HIV-1 genome. Interestingly, studies suggest that endogenous A3G in T cells induces less hypermutation than would be expected. However, to date, ...
Rougée Luc - - 2007
Goldfish Carassius auratus are common aquarium fish and have a significant economic and research value, having considerable worth to fisheries as a baitfish and the ability to adapt to a range of habitats. Two cell lines were established from goldfish muscle and swim bladder tissue, in order to create a ...
Arpin-André Charlotte - - 2007
Interactions with cellular PDZ domain-containing proteins obviously contribute to the tumorigenic potential of several viral oncoproteins. In this regard, the oncogenic potential of the human T cell leukemia virus type 1 Tax protein correlates with its binding capacity to the tumor suppressor hDlg. Recent results show that hDlg in T ...
Harila Kirsi - - 2007
Recent results by us and others have shown that the accessory protein Vpu determines plasma membrane versus endosomal accumulation of the HIV-1 core protein Gag and progeny virions in the HeLa model of HIV-1 infection, since Vpu suppresses endocytosis of cell surface-associated Gag. In this report, we used pulse-chase studies ...
Babiuk Shawn - - 2007
An ovine testis cell line (OA3.Ts) was evaluated and compared with primary lamb kidney (LK) cells for its utility in capripoxvirus propagation and titration. A comparison of OA3.Ts cell growth kinetics and morphology at low (<33) and high (34-36) passage levels indicated a difference in both characteristics. However, viral titers ...
Van Hamme Evelien - - 2007
In this study, kinetics of attachment and internalization of feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) serotype I strain Black and serotype II strain 79-1146 were determined in feline monocytes from two cats and in Crandell feline kidney (CrFK) cells. Attached FIPV I (Black) particles were observed on almost all monocytes. Within ...
Mantis Nicholas J NJ Division of Infectious Diseases, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, 120 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, NY 12208, USA. - - 2007
Both IgG and secretory IgA Abs in mucosal secretions have been implicated in blocking the earliest events in HIV-1 transit across epithelial barriers, although the mechanisms by which this occurs remain largely unknown. In this study, we report the production and characterization of a human rIgA(2) mAb that carries the ...
Song Chisu - - 2007
The host cell protein cyclophilin A (CypA) binds to CA of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and promotes HIV-1 infection of target cells. Disruption of the CypA-CA interaction, either by mutation of the CA residue at G89 or P90 or with the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine (CsA), reduces HIV-1 infection. ...
Ng Chuan Young CY Novartis Institute for Tropical Diseases, 10, Biopolis Road, #05-01, Chromos, - - 2007
Self-replicating, non-infectious flavivirus subgenomic replicons have been broadly used in the studies of trans-complementation, adaptive mutation, viral assembly and packaging in Kunjin, yellow fever and West Nile viruses. We describe here the construction of subgenomic EGFP- or Renilla luciferase-reporter based dengue replicons of the type 2 New Guinea C (NGC) ...
Pérez-Martín Eva - - 2007
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is detected in high amounts within the characteristic microscopic lesions of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) affected pigs. In spite of recent advances on disease pathogenesis, the precise cell types that support viral replication are still a major issue of scientific discussion. In this study, ...
Weissenhorn Winfried - - 2007
Many enveloped viruses hijack the cellular ESCRT machinery to catalyze their escape from host cells. One paper in a recent issue of Cell by Kostelansky et al. and another in this issue of Cell Host & Microbe by Morita et al. shed new light on the structure and function of ...
Hrecka Kasia - - 2007
The replication of viruses depends on the cell cycle status of the infected cells. Viruses have evolved functions that alleviate restrictions imposed on their replication by the host. Vpr, an accessory factor of primate lentiviruses, arrests cells at the DNA damage checkpoint in G2 phase of the cell cycle, but ...
Klein Kevin C KC Depts. of Pathobiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2007
The HIV-1 Gag protein assembles into immature capsids when expressed in human cells. Although self-assembly of Gag was once thought to be sufficient to explain capsid formation, in the past decade it has become increasingly apparent that in cells, the pathway from Gag synthesis to assembled capsids is coordinated and ...
Anthony, Indumathy Dileeni
Restricted Item. Print thesis available in the University of Auckland Library or available through Inter-Library Loan. 1. Among all viruses, the group most potentially suited for ribozyme-mediated interference are the RNA viruses, i.e. those that replicate without the involvement of a DNA intermediate. Rotavirus is a dsRNA virus that causes ...
Bolton Diane L - - 2007
The mechanism of CD4(+) T-cell depletion in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals remains unknown, although mounting evidence suggests that direct viral cytopathicity contributes to this loss. The HIV-1 Vpr accessory protein causes cell death and arrests cells in the G(2)/M phase; however, the molecular mechanism underlying these properties ...
Florez de Sessions Paola - - 2007
Both untranslated regions (UTRs) of plus-strand RNA virus genomes jointly control translation and replication of viral genomes. In the case of the Enterovirus genus of the Picornaviridae family, the 5'UTR consists of a cloverleaf-like terminus preceding the internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) and the 3' terminus is composed of a ...
Camus Grégory - - 2007
Retroviral assembly is driven by Gag, and nascent viral particles escape cells by recruiting the machinery that forms intralumenal vesicles of multivesicular bodies. In this study, we show that the clathrin adaptor complex AP-1 is involved in retroviral release. The absence of AP-1mu obtained by genetic knock-out or by RNA ...
Kurachi S - - 2007
The interaction between viral capsid proteins and specific molecules exposed on the plasma membrane of the cells is involved in the viral tropism. A human adenovirus (Ad) belonging to subgroups A, C, D, E and F infects cells via the interaction between the fiber knob and the primary receptor, the ...
Calvert Jay G - - 2007
Direct functional screening of a cDNA expression library derived from primary porcine alveolar macrophages (PAM) revealed that CD163 is capable of conferring a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV)-permissive phenotype when introduced into nonpermissive cells. Transient-transfection experiments showed that full-length CD163 cDNAs from PAM, human U937 cells (histiocytic lymphoma), ...
Farley Daniel C - - 2007
Pseudotyping viral vectors with vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (VSV-G) enables the transduction of an extensive range of cell types from different species. We have discovered two important parameters of the VSV-G-pseudotyping phenomenon that relate directly to the transduction potential of lentiviral vectors: (1) the glycosylation status of VSV-G, and (2) ...
Tomasicchio Michele - - 2007
The Tetraviridae are a family of small, non-enveloped, insect RNA viruses consisting of one or two single-stranded, positive-sense genomic RNAs encapsidated in an icosahedral capsid with T=4 symmetry. Tetravirus procapsids undergo maturation when exposed to a low pH environment in vitro. While the structural biology of the conformational changes that ...
Tahara Maino - - 2007
Clinical isolates of measles virus (MV) use signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) as a cellular receptor, whereas vaccine and laboratory strains may utilize the ubiquitously expressed CD46 as an additional receptor. MVs also infect, albeit inefficiently, SLAM(-) cells, via a SLAM- and CD46-independent pathway. Our previous study with recombinant chimeric ...
Daoubi Mourad - - 2007
Three new, highly functionalized ingol diterpenes, ingol 7,8,12-triacetate 3-phenylacetate (1), ingol 7,8,12-triacetate 3-(4-methoxyphenyl)acetate (2) and 8-methoxyingol 7,12-diacetate 3-phenylacetate (3), together with the novel spirotriterpene, 3S,4S,5R,7S,9R,14R-3,7-dihydroxy-4,14-dimethyl-7[8-->9]-Abeo-cholestan-8-one (4), have been isolated from Euphorbia officinarum latex. Structures were established on the basis of their spectroscopic data, including two-dimensional NMR analysis and NOE experiments. ...
Nasir L - - 2007
BPV-1 DNA is the predominant viral type detected in equine sarcoids and represents the only reported natural cross species infection of papillomaviruses. In this study, nucleotide variations in the LCR and the E2 regions of equine sarcoid-associated BPV-1 were characterised by sequence analysis. Variants particular to sarcoid BPV-1 were identified ...
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