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Results 251 - 300 of 1520
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Roberts Sally - - 2008
Productive infections by human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are restricted to nondividing, differentiated keratinocytes. HPV early proteins E6 and E7 deregulate cell cycle progression and activate the host cell DNA replication machinery in these cells, changes essential for virus synthesis. Productive virus replication is accompanied by abundant expression of the HPV E4 ...
Chang Kyeong-Ok - - 2008
The inability to grow human noroviruses in cell culture has greatly impeded the studies of their pathogenesis and immunity. Vesiviruses, in the family Caliciviridae, grow efficiently in cell culture and encode a unique protein in the subgenomic region designated as leader of the capsid protein (LC). We hypothesized that LC ...
Sheikh Ali Hanan M - - 2009
Camel pox viruses isolated in Sudan and VD45 (African camel pox strain) and Vaccinia virus (Elstree strain) were used for inoculation of chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of embryonated eggs (EE) and cell culture (CC). In EE Lesions were seen as pocks ranging in size from 1 to 1.5 mm in diameter, ...
Steiner Esther - - 2008
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative agent of a multifactorial disease associated with immunocompromisation and co-infections. In vivo, viral DNA and antigens are found in monocytic, epithelial and endothelial cells. Of these, PCV2 replication has only been studied in monocytic cells, in which little or no replication was ...
O'Donnell Vivian - - 2008
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) utilizes different cell surface macromolecules to facilitate infection of cultured cells. Virus, which is virulent for susceptible animals, infects cells via four members of the alpha(V) subclass of cellular integrins. In contrast, tissue culture adaptation of some FMDV serotypes results in the loss of viral virulence ...
DeHart Jason L - - 2008
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vif recruits a Cullin 5 ubiquitin ligase that targets APOBEC3 proteins for degradation. Recently, Vif has also been shown to induce cell cycle disturbance in G(2). We show that in contrast to the expression of Vpr, the expression of Vif does not preclude cell ...
Balestrieri Emanuela - - 2008
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy individuals can be infected by human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) upon cocultivation of the PBMCs with irradiated HTLV-1-transformed human MT-2 cells. This model system closely mimics HTLV-1 transmission through cell-to-cell contact. Carbohydrate-binding agents (CBAs) such as the alpha(1,3)/alpha(1,6)mannose-specific Hippeastrum hybrid agglutinin and ...
Akhtar Jihan - - 2008
The human conjunctiva is a natural target for herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 infection. The goals of this study were to investigate the cellular and molecular mechanisms of HSV-1 entry into human conjunctival epithelial (HCjE) cells. Specific features of entry studied included the method of initial viral binding to cells, pH ...
Terrazas-Aranda Katty - - 2008
Conceptually, blocking human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integration is the last possibility for preventing irreversible cellular infection. Using cocultures of monocyte-derived dendritic cells and CD4(+) T cells, which represent primary targets in sexual transmission, we demonstrated that blocking integration with integrase strand transfer inhibitors (InSTIs), particularly L-870812, could consistently ...
Jenssen Håvard - - 2008
The milk protein lactoferrin (Lf) has multiple functions, including immune stimulation and antiviral activity towards herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2); antiviral activity has also been reported for the N-terminal pepsin-derived fragment lactoferricin (Lfcin). The anti-HSV mode of action of Lf and Lfcin is assumed to involve, ...
Silva Ana Carina - - 2008
Peste des Petits ruminants (PPR) is considered as one of the major constraints to the productivity of small ruminants in Africa and Asian countries. Currently PPR control is done by vaccination with an attenuated PPR strain (Nigeria 75/1) produced in monolayers of Vero cells grown in roller bottles or static ...
Chevalier Sébastien Alain - - 2008
We and others have uncovered the existence of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 3 (HTLV-3). We have now generated an HTLV-3 proviral clone. We established that gag, env, pol, pro, and tax/rex as well as minus-strand mRNAs are present in cells transfected with the HTLV-3 clone. HTLV-3 p24(gag) protein is ...
Benki Sarah - - 2008
Levels of HIV-1 RNA in endocervical specimens fluctuate with the menstrual cycle, suggesting that cell-free HIV-1 levels may vary during the cycle, which could influence infectivity. Here, we examined daily changes in endocervical HIV-1-infected cells during 1 cycle. There were significant positive associations between the number of days from the ...
Endress Thomas - - 2008
Single virus tracing (SVT) allows the direct investigation of the entry pathway of viruses into living cells. Using fluorescently labeled virus-like particles (VLPs) and SVT, we have studied the interaction between human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and the plasma membrane of living cells. From the trajectories of freely diffusing ...
Pradier S - - 2008
The transmission of West Nile virus (WNV) is strongly influenced by environmental factors. In France, two endemic areas for WNV have been identified: Camargue and Var. The objective of our study was to test whether landscape characteristics could be associated with the risk of endemic circulation of WNV in these ...
Rodríguez Roberto A - - 2008
The objective of this study was to compare PLC/PRF/5 and BGM cell lines for use in a total culturable viral assay (TCVA) of treated sewage effluents. Samples were collected before and after chlorination from an activated sludge wastewater treatment plant and from the effluent of a high-rate enhanced flocculation system, ...
van Grevenynghe Julien - - 2008
The persistence of central memory CD4(+) T cells (T(CM) cells) is a major correlate of immunological protection in HIV/AIDS, as the rate of T(CM) cell decline predicts HIV disease progression. In this study, we show that T(CM) cells and effector memory CD4(+) T cells (T(EM) cells) from HIV(+) elite controller ...
Jung Cindy - - 2008
We have previously shown that the envelope glycoproteins of human parainfluenza type 3 (HPIV3), F and HN, are able to pseudotype lentiviruses, but the titers of these viruses are too low for use in clinical gene transfer. In this study we investigated the cause of these low titers. We compared ...
Du Sean X - - 2008
Specific proteolytic cleavage of the gp120 subunit of the HIV-1 envelope (Env) glycoprotein in the third variable domain (V3) has previously been reported to occur in several cell lines, including Chinese hamster ovary cells that have been used for production of Env-based HIV vaccine candidates. Here we report that this ...
Yeh Hsiao-Yun - - 2008
Rapid and efficient methods for the detection and quantification of infectious viruses are required for public health risk assessment. Current methods to detect infectious viruses are based on mammalian cell culture and rely on the production of visible cytopathic effects (CPE). For hepatitis A virus (HAV), viral replication in cell ...
Reichelt Mike - - 2008
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a human alphaherpesvirus that infects sensory ganglia and reactivates from latency to cause herpes zoster. VZV replication was examined in human dorsal root ganglion (DRG) xenografts in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency using multiscale correlative immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. These experiments showed the presence of VZV ...
Wang Congjun - - 2008
In order to investigate the effect of replication-incompetent adenovirus vector expressing MDA-7/IL-24 on tumor growth and apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line SMMC-7721 and normal liver cell line L02, the recombinant replication-incompetent Ad.mda-7 virus vector was constructed and infected into the HCC cell line SMMC-7721 and normal liver ...
Demir, Ismail
In this study, comparative replicational properties of Hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus (HycuNPV) in Lymantria dispar (IPLB-LdElta) and Spodoptera frugiperda (IPLB-Sf21) cell lines were investigated. Our microscopic observations showed that cytopathic effects (CPEs) in LdElta cells appeared 12 h later than those in Sf21 cells. Whereas polyhedral inclusion bodies (PIBs) formed at ...
Jalasvuori Matti - - 2008
Viruses and cells co-evolve due to the parasitic nature of viruses. Yet there are no models suggesting how the unicellular organisms and their viruses might co-evolve structurally. Here, in this study, we plunge into this unexplored field from a wide perspective and try to describe some of the intriguing ways ...
Hu Guo-Bin - - 2008
Cell immortalization technology based on gene transfer has been successfully used to generate cell lines from a wide variety of cell types. The inability to stably introduce and express foreign genes has hampered application of this strategy in shrimp cells. We report here the use of replication-defective pantropic retrovirus to ...
Sowinski Stefanie S Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, Imperial College London, SW7 2AZ, - - 2008
Transmission of HIV-1 via intercellular connections has been estimated as 100-1000 times more efficient than a cell-free process, perhaps in part explaining persistent viral spread in the presence of neutralizing antibodies. Such effective intercellular transfer of HIV-1 could occur through virological synapses or target-cell filopodia connected to infected cells. Here ...
Mages J - - 2008
Diseases caused by gammaherpesviruses continue to be a challenge for human health and antiviral treatment. Most of the commonly used antiviral drugs are directed against viral gene products. However, the emergence of drug-resistant mutations ma limit the effectiveness of these drugs. Since viruses require a host cell to propagate, the ...
Jiang Xiao Jing - - 2008
The glycoprotein (g) complex gH/gL represents an essential part of the herpesvirus fusion machinery mediating entry of cell-free virions and cell-associated viral spread. In some herpesviruses additional proteins are associated with gH/gL contributing to the cell tropism of the respective virus. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) gH/gL forms complexes with either gO ...
Hassan M H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To circumvent the paucity of the primary adenovirus (Ad5) receptor and the non-specific Ad5 tropism in the context of uterine leiomyoma cells, Ad5 modification strategies would be beneficial. METHODS: We screened several modified adenoviruses to identify the most efficient and selective virus toward human leiomyoma cells to be used ...
Amandeep Kaur
A monocot mannose-binding Amaryllidaceae lectin from the bulbs of <I>Crinum latifolium</I>, specific for methyl-α-D-mannopyranoside, has earlier been reported as a nonmitogenic, nonglycosylated homodimeric protein with a subunit molecular mass of 12 kDa. In addition to the conventional protein purification techniques, lectin has also been purified using reverse phase high-performance liquid ...
Zhang Jing-xin - - 2008
Development of a small animal model to study HIV replication and pathogenesis has been hampered by the failure of the virus to replicate in non-primate cells. Most studies aimed at achieving replication in murine cells have been limited to fibroblast cell lines, but generating an appropriate model requires overcoming blocks ...
Vashistha Himanshu - - 2008
Human renal biopsy studies suggest the presence of HIV-1 and associated signs of injury in renal tubular epithelial cells. Because renal epithelial cells lack conventional HIV-1 receptors, the modus operandi of HIV-1 in the induction of tubular cell injury remains a mystery. In the present study, we evaluated the role ...
Herrera Mónica - - 2008
If we could rewind the tape of evolution and play it again, would it turn out to be similar to or different from what we know? Obviously, this key question can only be addressed by fragmentary experimental approaches. Twenty-two years ago, we described the establishment of BHK-21 cells persistently infected ...
Tervo Hanna-Mari - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The development of an immunocompetent, genetically modified mouse model to study HIV-1 pathogenesis and to test antiviral strategies has been hampered by the fact that cells from native mice do not or only inefficiently support several steps of the HIV-1 replication cycle. Upon HIV-1 infection, mouse T-cell lines fail ...
Choi Bongkun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family, can serve as a co-receptor along with CD4 for entry into the cell of T-cell tropic X4 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains. Productive infection of T-lymphoblastoid cells by X4 HIV-1 markedly reduces cell-surface expression ...
Saïdi Héla - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Terpenoid derivatives originating from many plants species, are interesting compounds with numerous biological effects, such as anti-HIV-1 activity. The zinc tetra-ascorbo-camphorate complex (or "C14"), a new monoterpenoid derivative was evaluated in vitro for its anti-HIV-1 activity on both R5- and X4-HIV-1 infection of primary target cells (macrophages, dendritic cells ...
Fiorito F - - 2008
Dioxin-2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a common environmental toxin of current interest. In the last years, higher levels of TCDD than those permitted in UE [European Commission. 2002. European Commission Recommendation 2002/201/CE. Official Gazette, L 67/69] were detected in milk samples from cow, water buffalo, goat, and sheep raised on some areas ...
Cervantes-García Daniel - - 2008
Current oncolytic virotherapy strategies are based in the accumulated understanding of the common molecular mechanisms displayed during cell transformation and viral infection, like cell cycle and apoptosis deregulations. Oncolytic virotherapy aims to achieve a strong cytolytic effect, highly restricted to transformed cells. Here, we describe the oncolytic virotherapy defined as ...
Dafonseca Sandrina - - 2008
DSB, the 3-O-(3',3'dimethylsuccinyl) derivative of betulinic acid, blocks the last step of protease-mediated processing of HIV-1 Gag precursor (Pr55Gag), which leads to immature, noninfectious virions. When administered to Pr55Gag-expressing insect cells (Sf9), DSB inhibits the assembly and budding of membrane-enveloped virus-like particles (VLP). In order to explore the possibility that ...
Ayouba Ahidjo A Institut Pasteur, Département de Virologie, Unité Régulation des Infections Rétrovirales, 25 rue du Dr Roux, 75724 Paris cedex 15, France. - - 2008
HIV-1 cell-to-cell transmission is more efficient than infection of permissive cells with cell-free particles. The potency of HIV-1 entry inhibitors to inhibit such transmission is not well known. Herein, we evaluated the efficacy of this new class of antiretrovirals to block cell-to-cell transmission of HIV-1 in a model of reconstitution ...
Kong Byung-Whi - - 2008
The avian metapneumovirus (AMPV) genome encodes the fusion (F), small hydrophobic (SH), and attachment glycoprotein (G) as envelope glycoproteins. The F and G proteins mainly function to allow viral entry into host cells during the early steps of the virus life cycle. The highly variable AMPV G protein is a ...
Bankamp Bettina - - 2008
To identify genetic changes that lead to the attenuation of measles virus (MV), a strain of MV that is pathogenic in rhesus macaques was adapted to grow in Vero cells, Vero/hSLAM cells and, to simulate the process used to derive live attenuated vaccines, in primary chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF). Comparison ...
Quirin Christina - - 2007
Oncolytic adenoviruses are emerging agents for treatment of cancer by tumor-restricted virus replication, cell lysis and virus spread. Clinical studies with first generation oncolytic adenoviruses have revealed that an increased potency is warranted in order to achieve therapeutic efficacy. One approach towards this end is to combine adenoviral oncolysis with ...
Ray Adrian S - - 2008
GS-9131 is a phosphonoamidate prodrug of the novel ribose-modified phosphonate nucleotide analog GS-9148 that demonstrates potent anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) activity and an excellent resistance profile in vitro. Prodrug moieties were optimized for the efficient delivery of GS-9148 and its active diphosphate (DP) metabolite to lymphoid cells following ...
Xiao Yong Y Laboratory of Human Retrovirology, Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2008
Increasing evidence suggests that extracellular Vpr could contribute to HIV pathogenesis through its effect on bystander cells. Soluble forms of Vpr have been detected in the sera and cerebrospinal fluids of HIV-1-infected patients, and in vitro studies have implicated extracellular Vpr as an effector of cellular responses, including G2 arrest, ...
Werner Maria - - 2007
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects more than 90% of the human population, and causes glandular fever as well as several more serious diseases. It is a tumor virus, and has been widely studied as a model system for cell transformation in humans. A central feature of the EBV life cycle ...
Lu Lu - - 2008
Previous studies have found the close correlation between epitope density and epitope-specific response, which have shown that high epitope density in a single recombinant protein molecule significantly enhances the humoral response and protective immunity. However, it has not been determined whether this kind of high epitope density could also significantly ...
Laakkonen Johanna P - - 2008
Baculovirus, Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), has the ability to transduce mammalian cell lines without replication. The general objective of this study was to detect the transcription and expression of viral immediate-early genes in human cells and to examine the interactions between viral components and subnuclear structures. Viral capsids were ...
Wengler Gerd - - 2007
Alpha- and flaviviruses contain class II fusion proteins, which form ion-permeable pores in the target membrane during virus entry. The pores generated during entry of the alphavirus Semliki Forest virus have been shown previously to be blocked by lanthanide ions. Here, analyses of the influence of rare earth ions on ...
Hernandez-Herrera R I - - 2007
This study evaluated the possible use of the fish SSN-1 cell line to investigate the development of Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV). Cells were incubated with viral particles and cytopathic effects were observed. De novo synthesis of viral capsid proteins was shown by immuno-fluorescence labelling and a sandwich ELISA test. Viral ...
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