Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1038
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Bayer-Zwirello Lucy A - - 2004
Recovery of nucleated cord blood cells after storage in liquid nitrogen was evaluated. Red cells were depleted using Ficoll-Paque or Puregene red cell lyses. Freeze Medium contained 10% dimethylsulfoxide and 20% serum for cryoprotection. Recovery of the original cell population remaining serviceable for fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) was 12 ...
Huisman Albert - - 2004
The erythrocyte mean cell volume (MCV) increases during in vitro storage. In aged specimens that are processed in the hematology laboratory, this phenomenon can result in misclassification of erythrocyte size. The mean cell volume is closely correlated with the mean cell hemoglobin (MCH), which does not suffer the same degree ...
Kim Sun Jong - - 2004
Previous reports have indicated that extracellular matrices (ECMs) affect the developmental fate of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Specially, type IV collagen and laminin, which belong to a group of macromolecular proteins with a substantial proportion of ECMs, are known to influence the proliferation and differentiation of hES cells. In ...
Kaestner L - - 2003
The role of erythrocytes as targets in photodynamic therapy is a controversially discussed topic in the literature. Therefore five different, but well known photosensitisers (three zinc phthalocyanines, tetrabenzoporphine and pheophorbide a delivered in liposomes were used for photodynamic treatment of human erythrocytes. The phototoxic effect on these cells showed pronounced ...
D'Alessandro A G - - 2003
The experiment was carried out in Southern Italy (41 degrees N latitude) to examine the effects of seasonal variations of semen freezability in Leccese ram. Semen from five rams, collected every 2 weeks for a whole year, was frozen in straws, using a system based on Tris-fructose egg yolk as ...
Muramaki Mototsugu - - 2003
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the hematopoietic activity of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) harvested from patients with advanced germ cell tumors after long-term cryopreservation in a mechanical freezer at -80 degrees C. Forty-one patients with advanced tumors were enrolled in this study. Flow cytometric analysis was ...
Monaghan P - - 2003
High-pressure freezing is applicable to both morphological and immunocytochemical studies. We are investigating the morphogenesis of foot-and-mouth disease virus and African swine fever virus by the use of high-pressure freezing of infected cells. Foot-and-mouth disease virus particles are not detected in sections of conventionally immersion-fixed infected cells, but when the ...
Huang Zhi - - 2003
We have examined the kinetics of changes in the deformability of deoxygenated sickle red blood cells when they are exposed to oxygen (O(2)) or carbon monoxide. A flow-channel laser diffraction technique, similar to ektacytometry, was used to assess sickle cell deformability after mixing deoxygenated cells with buffer that was partially ...
Xu Xia - - 2003
The addition of cryopreservative agents (CPAs) to chondrocytes and natural and engineered cartilage is critical to protect the cells and tissues from freezing damage during cryopreservation, but this may cause cell damage, e.g. by osmotic shock. The damage could be minimized by the control of the cell volume excursion with ...
Yin Chunyue - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect on porcine retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells of modified intraocular irrigating solutions compared with BSS and BSS plus. METHODS: Confluent cultures of RPE cells were incubated in experimental intraocular irrigating solutions. The cells were then examined for breakdown of DNA by the TUNEL procedure. Fragmentation ...
Min B H - - 2003
Cryopreserved patellar tendon allografts are often recommended for reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligaments (ACLs) because living donor fibroblasts are thought to promote repair. Animal studies, however, indicate that ligaments regenerate from recipient rather than donor cells. If applicable to man, these observations suggest that allograft cell viability is unimportant. We ...
Rubinsky Boris - - 2003
Cell transplantation is becoming an important technique for treatment of heart failure. Preservation is an integral step in any procedure using cells. There are two primary modes of cell preservation at low temperature, hypothermic preservation at temperatures above freezing and cryogenic preservation at temperatures below freezing. Optimal preservation protocols require ...
Iyamu Efemwonkiekie W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Although hydroxyurea (HU) has been used clinically to treat patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), not all patients benefit from HU treatment due to its toxicity. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the use of two new Hb F-inducing nitrosourea analogues, 2-[3-(2-methyl, 2-nitroso) ureido]-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose ...
Piyamongkol Wirawit - - 2003
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of single gene disorders relies on PCR-based tests performed on single cells (polar bodies or blastomeres). Despite the use of increasingly robust protocols, allele drop-out (ADO; the failure to amplify one of the two alleles in a heterozygous cell) remains a significant problem for diagnosis using ...
Condon Michael R - - 2003
With the use of the cecal ligation and puncture model in mice, this study tested whether sepsis-induced decreased erythrocyte deformability is restricted to a subpopulation of cells. Erythrocyte subpopulations were isolated by centrifugal elutriation. Lineweaver-Burk conversion of deformability-response curves to shear stress was used to determine the shear stress at ...
Pace Betty S - - 2003
The extent to which dense and irreversible sickle cells (ISCs) contribute to vaso-occlusive episodes in sickle cell disease remains unclear. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) inhibits dense cell and ISC formation in sickle erythrocytes in vitro and restores glutathione levels toward normal. A phase II double-blind randomized clinical trial was completed to determine ...
Fabbri R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in young females with cancer has greatly enhanced the life expectancy of these patients, even if these treatments have a highly deleterious effect on the ovary and cause a severe depletion of the follicular store. Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue before chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, ...
Chang V P - - 2003
Cells injured as a result of freezing, heating, and acidification treatments may not grow during conventional microbiological procedures owing to the presence of selective agents, compounds, or dyes in the media, impairing the cell's ability to repair itself and grow. Injured cells can be recovered by combining selective and nonselective ...
Luo Dawei - - 2003
Using a continuum model for multi-component phase change system, the freezing of cell suspension in a ternary solution, H2O-NaCl-CPA (cryoprotective agent) inside a flat bag is investigated numerically in this study. The temperature and phase change history, intracellular water loss, and the volume change of the cells at different locations ...
Suga Minoru - - 2003
We developed a novel freezing method to generate competent cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae prior to electroporation. Freezing the intact cells in sorbitol with the addition of calcium at -80 degrees C allowed us to improve the transformation efficiency after freezing and thawing. The optimum concentration of CaCl(2) ...
Armitage W J - - 2003
Cells in monolayers have been reported to be more susceptible to freezing injury than the same cell type frozen in dispersed suspensions. There appears to be an enhanced susceptibility to intracellular freezing in the monolayers, which is thought to be facilitated by the presence of gap junctions allowing the spread ...
Wusteman Monica C - - 2003
In this paper, we report on the suitability of solutions containing propane-1,2-diol (propylene glycol, PD), sugars, and salts for the vitrification of the human cell line, ECV304. Cooling (at 10 degrees C/min) and rewarming (at 80 degrees C/min) were at rates that are practicable for the tissues to be studied ...
Acker Jason P - - 2003
Injury results during freezing when cells are exposed to increasing concentrations of solutes or by the formation of intracellular ice. Methods to protect cells from the damaging effects of freezing have focused on the addition of cryoprotective chemicals and the determination of optimal cooling rates. Based on other studies of ...
Burgher Abram H - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During cryosurgery, cells frozen slowly at the outer part of the ice ball undergo severe dehydration and are subject to solute effects injury, which may be caused in part by protein denaturation. This study was undertaken to determine whether heat shock proteins (HSPs), the molecular chaperones that ...
Cressy Hayden K - - 2003
The use of multiple freeze (-20 degrees C)-thaw cycles in combination with isoeugenol and polysorbate 80 was investigated as a method for the reduction of numbers of Listeria monocytogenes cells in a bacteriological medium. Three freeze (1 h, -20 degrees C)-thaw cycles in the presence of isoeugenol at concentrations of ...
Yasin Zahida - - 2003
Phosphatidylserine (PS) is normally confined to the cytoplasmic leaflet of the red blood cell (RBC) membrane, but some sickle RBCs expose PS in the outer leaflet (PS+ cells). This study examined the relationships among PS externalization, fetal hemoglobin content, hydration state, and cell age. Sickle RBCs exhibit a wide range ...
Ruppert-Lingham C J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cumulus cells of the cumulus-oocyte complex (COC) are important in oocyte maturation. Thus, in preserving immature oocytes it is prudent to also preserve their associated cumulus cells. The survival and function of oocytes and their associated cumulus cells was assessed following cryopreservation or exposure to cryoprotectant without freezing. METHODS: ...
Lelkens Charles C M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: RBCs can be frozen with either the high-glycerol method (HGM) or the low-glycerol method (LGM). To date, the use of frozen RBCs is hampered by a 24-hour outdating period after thawing. A closed washing system (ACP 215) may solve this problem. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We compared the effects ...
Yokomuro Hiroki - - 2003
Cultured myocyte transplantation into an infarcted myocardium has been shown to improve contractile function. Cryopreservation of cultured muscle cells or heart tissue will be important for the technology to be practical. This study, using fetal cardiomyocytes, evaluated the optimal conditions for muscle cell cryopreservation. Study 1: Fetal rat cardiomyocytes were ...
Cliff Ben - - 2003
Imaging static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) offers a powerful method of obtaining molecular information from biological systems with good spatial resolution. However, the technique needs further development to make it suitable for routine analysis of cells. We report here the development of a new freeze-facture device to facilitate the ...
Kishi Masao - - 2003
The effects of polyethylene glycol and dimethyl sulfoxide (PEG/DMSO) treatment of donor cells on the fusion and subsequent development of bovine nuclear transfer embryos using mammary gland epithelial (MGE) cells before electrofusion (fresh MGE cells) was studied. The same study was conducted on those cells that were frozen and stored ...
Chen Yong - - 2003
Carrot cell suspensions and protoplasts were successfully cryopreserved by vitrification. Cells were precultured in liquid Murashige and Skoog medium containing 0.175 M sucrose for 3 d and then in liquid MS medium containing 0.4 M sorbitol for 1 d. After loading of the precultured carrot cells in 25 % PVS2 ...
Browning K - - 2003
Four native plant species (Baumea articulata, Carex fascicularis, Philydrum lanuginosum and Schoenoplectus mucronatus) are being investigated for their suitability in subsurface flow wetlands. The pilot scale Oxley Wetland, Brisbane, consists of 4 cells with different sized gravel (5 mm and 20 mm). The project aims to investigate nutrient removal rates ...
Parthuisot N - - 2003
AIMS: To determine the potential use of flow cytometry for viability asssessment of freeze-dried bacterial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Escherichia coli CIP 54.8T and Vibrio metschnikovii CIP 104262 were analysed. The viability of freeze-dried cells resuspended in a nutrient broth was evaluated by culture whereas activity was determined by flow ...
Dzuba B B - - 2002
We have investigated the hypothesis that the spermatozoa of marine fish are more resistant than freshwater species to the dynamic changes in osmotic pressure that occur during the process of cryopreservation. We show that while the spermatozoa of marine fish can be successfully activated across a wide range of osmotic ...
Baust John M - - 2002
The development of cryopreservation (CP) strategies has traditionally focused on the cellular chemo-osmometric characteristics attendant to the freeze-thaw process. This approach coupled with a limited understanding of cellular physiological and biochemical responses to the CP process often yields sub-optimal cell survival. Recently, we have reported on the benefits of the ...
Lüthi-Peng Q - - 2002
3-Hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) is considered as a potent antimicrobial substance. Exploration of its application as a food preservative or as a therapeutic auxiliary agent has been documented in the literature. In the present work, factors that may impact on 3-HPA accumulation by Lactobacillus reuteri and on the stability of 3-HPA were ...
Stroh Christopher - - 2002
Cryopreserved cells and tissues are increasingly used for stem cell transplantation and tissue engineering. However, their freezing, storage, and thawing is associated with severe damage, suggesting the need for better cryopreservation methods. Here, we show that activation of caspase-3 is induced during the freeze-thaw process. Moreover, we demonstrate that prevention ...
Jacoby Douglas B - - 2002
To evaluate whether cryopreservation of porcine ventral mesencephalon cells influences graft survival and function in vivo, we have transplanted either freshly prepared or cryopreserved cells into the striatum of 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats. A single cell suspension of porcine ventral mesencephalon cells from the same isolation either was stored at 4 degrees ...
Izadyar Fariborz - - 2002
The aim of this study was to develop a cryopreservation protocol for type A spermatogonia. Testes from 5- to 7-month-old calves were collected, and type A spermatogonia were isolated using two-step enzymatic digestion and Percoll separation. Cells were resuspended in minimum essential medium (MEM) supplemented with 1% bovine serum albumin ...
Oh Jung-Hwan - - 2002
The aim of this study was to develop a new cryopreservation technique to maintain the osteoblast viability in frozen iliac bone and to prove cell viability using cell culture techniques. Human iliac cancellous bones were frozen with and without 10% Me(2)SO at -80 degrees C. The tubes were kept in ...
Mir L M - - 2002
Cryosurgery employs freezing to destroy solid tumours. However, frozen cells can survive and cause cancer recurrence. Bleomycin, an anticancer drug with a huge intrinsic cytotoxicity is normally not very effective because it is nonpermeant. We report that freezing facilitates bleomycin penetration into cells making it toxic to cryosurgery surviving cells ...
Angersbach Alexander - - 2002
The impact of high intensity electric field pulses, high hydrostatic pressure, and freezing-thawing on local structural changes of the membrane was determined for potato, sugar beet tissue, and yeast suspensions. On the basis of the electrophysical model of cell systems in biological tissues and suspensions, a method was derived for ...
Partovi Mandana - - 2002
In cases of tooth avulsion, immediate replantation is the treatment of choice. In the event of any problem, the tooth should be stored in a medium that supports the periodontal ligament cell viability. Theoretically, mitotic promoting agents may be of use to preserve cell viability. It has previously been reported ...
Jitsuyama Y - - 2002
The freezing tolerance of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) embryogenic cells, as determined by electrolyte leakage, was increased by the incubation of samples in medium containing 0.8 M sucrose. To elucidate the mechanism involved, we investigated the changes in soluble carbohydrates, cell ultrastructure and proteins accompanying the increase in freezing tolerance ...
Cui Z F - - 2002
Long-term storage of engineered bio-artificial tissues is required to ensure the off-the-shelf availability to clinicians due to their long production cycle. Cryopreservation is likely the choice for long-term preservation. Although the cryopreservation of cells is well established for many cell types, cryopreservation of tissues is far more complicated. Cells at ...
Tachibana Akira - - 2002
Wool keratin sponge scaffolds were fabricated by lyophilization of an aqueous wool keratin solution after controlled freezing. Freezing at -20 degrees C for 3 days was needed for the preparation of stable sponges, which did not show significant changes against heat treatment at 60 degrees C for several hours. Scanning ...
Pegg David E - - 2002
This paper reports the cryopreservation of an immortalized human endothelial cell line (ECV304), either as a single cell suspension or as a confluent layer on microcarrier beads. Cell suspensions were exposed to 10% w/w dimethyl sulfoxide in a high-potassium solution (CPTes) at 0 degrees C. The cells were then cooled ...
Pegg D E - - 2002
The ability of glycerol to protect cells from freezing injury was discovered accidentally. The subsequent development of cryopreservation techniques has had a huge impact in many fields, most notably in reproductive medicine. Freezing injury has been shown to have two components, direct damage from the ice crystals and secondary damage ...
Wusteman Monica C - - 2002
The aim of this study was to select a cryoprotectant for use in attempts to preserve tissues and organs by vitrification. The first step was to select a cell line with which to compare the toxicity of a range of commonly used cryoprotectants. An immortal vascular endothelial cell (ECV304) was ...
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