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Results 301 - 350 of 1039
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Trish Erin - - 2006
Here we demonstrate how our lab freezes HuES human embryonic stem cell lines. A healthy, exponentially expanding culture is washed with PBS to remove residual media that could otherwise quench the Trypsin reaction. Warmed 0.05% Trypsin-EDTA is then added to cover the cells, and the plate allowed to incubate for ...
Watanabe Kanako - - 2006
The cryoprotective effect of intracellular free high-mannose oligosaccharides (HMOS) on mammalian cells and proteins was examined by monitoring PC-12 cell viability and assaying protein kinase C (PKC)-epsilon activity. 1-Deoxymannojirimycin, an inhibitor of alpha-mannosidase, to cause an increase in intracellular free HMOS, significantly rescued PC-12 cells with 2-h freezing insult at ...
Cho Ji-Suk - - 2007
Transgenic suspension cells of Oryza sativa L. cv. Dongjin utilized as a host for producing recombinant human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) were preserved in liquid nitrogen (-196 degrees C) after slow prefreezing in a deep freezer (-70 degrees C). The development of an optimal procedure for long-term storage was ...
Moore D T - - 2006
This study established a method for preserving chicken primordial germ cells (PGC) that enables long-term storage in liquid N. Gonads were harvested from stage 27 chick embryos and pooled in groups of 5, 10 (10E), or 20 embryos, contributing gonads to the cell suspension. The gonadal cells, including PGC, were ...
Franco Robert S - - 2006
The determinants of sickle red blood cell (RBC) life span have not been well-defined but may include both intrinsic factors (eg, the tendency to sickle) and extrinsic factors (eg, the capacity of the reticuloendothelial system to remove defective RBCs). Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is heterogeneously distributed among sickle RBCs; F cells ...
Chiabi, A; Pediatric Service, ...
Current knowledge on the pathophysiology of sickle cell anemia is reviewed and potential therapeutic options are reviewed and discussed. It is hoped that better understanding of the pathophysiology will improve the care given to these patients as well as their quality of life. <BR><BR> Keywords : sickle cell anemia, pathophysiology, ...
Katkov Igor I II UCSD Cancer Center, San Diego, CA 92122, USA; Stem Cell Center Core, Burnham Institute for Medical Research (BIMR), La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2006
We tested a "standard" cryopreservation protocol (slow cooling with 10% DMSO) on the human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line H9 containing an Oct-4 (POU5F1) promoter-driven, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter to monitor maintenance of pluripotency. Cells were cooled to -80 degrees C in cryovials and then transferred to a ...
Martin N C - - 2006
In the forensic science laboratory, the recovery of spermatozoa from vaginal swabs, or vaginal cells from penile swabs, can help determine if sexual intercourse may have taken place. There are several methods used to recover spermatozoa and cells from the swabs before visualisation on a microscope slide and most of ...
Mitbavkar Smita - - 2006
Two pennate microphytobenthic diatoms, Amphora coffeaeformis (Agardh) Kutzing and Navicula transitans var. derasa f. delicatula Heimdal, were cryopreserved and monitored on thawing to track the mechanical injuries and their post-preservation recovery. Cells were subjected to (1) direct freezing in liquid nitrogen and (2) two-step cooling with and without the cryoprotectant, ...
Guilbert L J - - 2007
We have further characterized villous trophoblasts isolated by trypsinization and purified by elimination of CD9/MHC class I/MHC class II expressing cells. The cells isolated were >99.99% cytotrophoblasts by criteria of cytokeratin (positive) and vimentin (negative) expression. Purified cells directly after isolation (fresh) were compared with cryopreserved and thawed cells (frozen) ...
Tang Minke - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Long-term storage of platelets (PLTs) in the dry state would greatly improve options for PLT storage. Whether trehalose-loaded freeze-dried and rehydrated PLTs could regulate intracellular pH (pHi) was evaluated. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Previously it was shown that human PLTs can be successfully preserved by freeze-drying with trehalose. Trehalose-loaded ...
Hanquet-Dufour A C - - 2006
Cryopreservation is widely used for long-term conservation of various tissues, embryos or gametes. However, few studies have described cryopreservation of invertebrate primary cell cultures and more particularly of marine invertebrate somatic cells. This technique would however be of great interest to facilitate the study of various metabolic processes which vary ...
Morgan C A - - 2006
The preservation of micro-organisms by different drying methodologies has been used for decades. Freeze drying in particular is the preferred method for transporting and storing vast culture collections of micro-organism strain types. The literature on drying and preserving micro-organisms is extensive, but is often specific to one particular strain. This ...
Pu Lee L Q LL Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to test the authors' hypothesis that previously cryopreserved adipose aspirates collected from conventional liposuction could still be a reliable source of human processed lipoaspirate cells. Adipose aspirates were collected from 12 adult female patients after conventional liposuction of the abdomen and were then preserved ...
Takamatsu Hiroshi - - 2006
The mechanism of cell injury during slow freezing was examined using PC-3 human prostate adenocarcinoma cells suspended in NaCl solutions. The objective was to evaluate contribution of extracellular ice and the 'solution effects' to freezing injury separately. The solution effects that designate the influence of elevated concentration were evaluated from ...
Sawant Prashant D - - 2006
One of the stumbling blocks in the formation of a thermoresponsive cell-hydrogel hybrid (TCH) is the efficient incorporation of cells in thermoresponsive hydrogels (TH) using traditional top-down (i.e., cells penetrate in the pre-set gels from top surface) approach. This approach is slow and tedious because the hydrogel needs to soak ...
Nagao Manabu - - 2006
Mosses are known to have the ability to develop high degrees of resistance to desiccation and freezing stress at cellular levels. However, underlying cellular mechanisms leading to the development of stress resistance in mosses are not understood. We previously showed that freezing tolerance in protonema cells of the moss Physcomitrella ...
Jiménez N - - 2006
High-pressure freezing avoids the artefacts induced by conventional chemical fixation, and, in combination with freeze-substitution and plastic embedding, is a reliable method for the ultrastructural analysis of mammalian cell monolayers. In order to high-pressure freeze mammalian cell monolayers, cells have to be seeded on a suitable substrate. Unfortunately, electron microscopy ...
Chen Sifeng - - 2006
A combination of gene and cell-based therapies may provide significant advantages over existing treatments in terms of their effectiveness. However, long-term efficient gene delivery has been difficult to achieve in many cell types, including endothelial cells. We developed a freeze-thaw technique which significantly increases the transduction efficiency of recombinant adeno-associated ...
Santivarangkna C - - 2006
AIMS: To assess four carbohydrates for the protective effect against Lactobacillus helveticus cells inactivation during vacuum drying, and to study the effect of selected carbohydrate on changes of inactivation kinetics. METHODS AND RESULTS: Early stationary phase L. helveticus cells grown in MRS media were recovered from fermentation broth, washed with ...
Ding Mei - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to test the use of cryopreserved cells for human ether-ago- go (hERG) channel screening. A stable Chinese hamster ovary-K1 cell line expressing hERG channels was used in a non-radioactive Rb+ efflux assay for screening hERG channel activity. Cells prepared from normal cultures and ...
Ahlenstiel Thurid - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cold ischemia and reperfusion during renal transplantation result in release of reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study is to examine whether cold storage induced cell injury can be ameliorated by adding flavonoids directly to preservation solutions. METHODS: Cultured renal tubular epithelial cells (LLC-PK1) were stored in University ...
Guo Feng-Xia - - 2006
Chorispora bungeana Fisch. & C.A. Mey (Crucifer) is a rare alpine subnival plant surviving sudden snowstorms. In this paper, we have attempted to explore possible roles of autoxidation rate (AR) and the antioxidant enzymes associated with cryoprotective mechanisms in the plant cells. The results showed that when the suspension cultures ...
Saarela, Maria
International Dairy Journal Vol.16 Nr.12, 1477 - 1482
Przybylowski M - - 2006
The clinical implementation of gene therapy requires large-scale production of viral vector stocks (VS) derived from packaging cell lines. Upon scaling-up, maintenance of high viral titers and filtration of the VS become significantly challenging. Thus, production schemes amenable to straightforward validation must be developed. To this end, we have established ...
Decourteix Mélanie - - 2006
Sucrose has been reported to play multiple roles in the winter biology of temperate woody species. However, no report on the molecular basis of sucrose transport in xylem tissue has yet been made. In the walnut tree, it is demonstrated that during the autumn-winter period, active absorption of sucrose from ...
Wang Qiaochun - - 2006
Encapsulation-vitrification, which is a combination of encapsulation-dehydration and vitrification procedures, is a newly developed technique for cryopreservation of plant germoplasm. Here, we describe the protocol of this methodology, using grapevine (Vitis) as a model plant. Cell suspensions at the exponential growth stage were encapsulated with 2.5% sodium alginate solution in ...
Miyamoto Yoshitaka - - 2006
Factors affecting cell viability, plating efficiency, and survival of hepatocytes after cryopreservation have been investigated. We focused especially on the effect of including trehalose and related oligosaccharides in the cryopreservation fluid. This was supplemented with either glucose, trehalose, maltotriose, or other sugars, in addition to dimethyl sulfoxide (10%) and first ...
Heng Boon Chin - - 2006
A major challenge in the widespread application of human embryonic stem (hES) cells in clinical therapy and basic scientific research is the development of efficient cryopreservation protocols. Conventional slow-cooling protocols utilizing standard cryoprotectant concentrations i.e. 10% (v/v) DMSO, yield extremely low survival rates of <5% as reported by previous studies. ...
Mase Junji - - 2006
Evidence has accumulated that periosteal cells have a great potential to regenerate bone. We have demonstrated that cultured periosteum (CP) in membrane form is an effective device to regenerate alveolar bone. To increase the availability of CP in a clinical environment, an effective cryopreservation protocol for CP has been developed. ...
Balasubramanian Saravana Kumar - - 2006
Understanding the biophysical processes that govern freezing injury of a tissue equivalent (TE) is an important step in characterizing and improving the cryopreservation of these systems. TEs were formed by entrapping human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) in collagen or in fibrin gels. Freezing studies were conducted using a Linkam cryostage fitted ...
Liu Bao-Lin - - 2005
Understanding the ultrastructural response of cells to the freezing process is important for designing cryopreservation strategies for cells and tissues. The cellular structures of attached cells are targets of cryopreservation-induced damage. Specific fluorescence staining was used to assess the status of the actin filaments (F-actin) of murine osteoblasts attached to ...
Ahlborn G - - 2005
Eggshell membranes (ESM) have been shown to exhibit antibacterial activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the enzymatic and biological [decimal reduction times (D-values)] activities of ESM as a function of bird breed, age, and ESM stabilization treatments. Younger White Leghorn (WL) hens produced ESM with 28% higher ...
Fowler Alex - - 2005
Mammalian cells appear to be naturally tolerant to cold temperatures, but the formation of ice when cells are cooled leads to a variety of damaging effects. The study of cryo-injury, therefore, becomes the study of when and how ice is formed both inside and outside the cell during cooling. Protectant ...
Gurtler J B - - 2005
A study was done to determine the performance of differential, selective media for supporting resuscitation and colony development by stressed cells of Enterobacter sakazakii. Cells of four strains of E. sakazakii isolated from powdered infant formula were exposed to five stress conditions: heat (55 degrees C for 5 min), freezing ...
Mokiou, Stella
To produce commercial biocontrol agents (BCAs) successfully, it is important that cheap and economic substrates are used which support high numbers of good quality inoculum. Production of formulations conserving ecological competence and shelf-life should also be ensured. With this in mind, studies focusing on yeast ecophysiology were conducted to produce ...
Oh Young Hak - - 2005
This study was aimed at evaluating whether cryopreserved teeth can be used for future transplantation by examining the viability and differentiation capability of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells and measuring the hardness of dental hard tissue. Fifty-four teeth were divided into two groups, control and frozen teeth. A MTT assay and ...
Hayes O - - 2005
The outcome of the process of cloning by nuclear transfer depends on multiple factors that affect its efficiency. Donor cells should be carefully selected for their use in somatic nuclear transfer, and the protocols used for keeping frozen cell banks are of cardinal importance. Here we studied the effect of ...
Reckers Leandro José - - 2005
PURPOSE: Quantify the progressive decrease of the cellular viability of rabbit meniscus preserved for transplants over a 30 day period at different freezing temperatures. METHODS: 180 menisci were removed from 45 rabbits. Menisci were frozen from 2 to 30 days at -7.2 degrees Celsius -21.4 degrees Celsius and -73 degrees ...
Sycheva L P - - 2005
The mutagenic effect of antituberculous drug dioxazid was studied on rats receiving this preparation in a dose of 25 mg/kg (in conversion to dioxidine) via inhalation route for 3 months. The percentage of cells with micronuclei and the content of polychromatophilic erythrocytes among all bone marrow erythrocytes and percentage of ...
Hauser Ron - - 2005
The aim of this comparative clinical study was to examine whether the fertilizing potential of frozen-thawed testicular sperm in the most severe cases of hypospermatogenesis is reduced compared with fresh testicular sperm. The results could determine the necessity of using fresh testicular sperm cells, which mandates involving the spouse by ...
Tamaru Yoshiyuki - - 2005
The cyanobacterium Nostoc commune is adapted to the terrestrial environment and has a cosmopolitan distribution. In this study, the role of extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) in the desiccation tolerance of photosynthesis in N. commune was examined. Although photosynthetic O2 evolution was not detected in desiccated colonies, the ability of the cells ...
Du Xiaoyi - - 2005
N-Acetyltransferase Mpr1 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae can reduce intracellular oxidation levels and protect yeast cells under oxidative stress. We found that yeast cells exhibited increased levels of reactive oxygen species during freezing and thawing. Gene disruption and expression experiments indicated that Mpr1 protects yeast cells from freezing stress by reducing the ...
Yang H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The effect of dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) on enumeration of post-thaw CD45+ and CD34+ cells of umbilical cord blood (HPC-C) and mobilized peripheral blood (HPC-A) has not been systematically studied. METHODS: Cells from leukapheresis products from multiple myeloma patients and umbilical cord blood cells were suspended in 1, 2, 5, ...
Wolter Timm P - - 2005
Cryopreservation of fat grafts for autologous fat transplantation renders repeated harvesting procedures unnecessary. Anecdotic reports have been published, yet data about adipocyte survival are sparse. The beneficial effect of added cryoprotective agents (CPA) is known from other tissues but has not been investigated in adipocytes. Fat cells were harvested using ...
Sasaki Masahiro - - 2005
Cryopreservation is a pivotal process in cellular engineering for creating a continuous source of generated functional cell lines and for the convenience of various medical treatments that involve cell culture. FBS (fetal bovine serum) supplemented with 10% (v/v) DMSO is extensively used as a freezing medium for mammalian cells using ...
Ainsley Reid A - - 2005
Entrapping probiotic bacteria in gels with ionic cross-linking is typically achieved with polysaccharides (alginate, pectin, carraghenan). In this study, whey proteins were used for this purpose by carrying out the Ca(2+)-induced gelation of pre-heated whey protein isolate (WPI). A Lactobacillus rhamnosus cell suspension was added in a denatured WPI solution ...
Doleyres Y - - 2005
3-Hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) produced by Lactobacillus reuteri is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial substance of glycerol conversion. The aim of the present work was to optimize 3-HPA production by Lb. reuteri ATCC 53608 using a two-step process. The first step was the production of Lb. reuteri cells in optimal conditions. Cells were then ...
Ock Sun-A - - 2006
The objective of the present study was to develop a procedure for isolating pure populations of round spermatid(s) (RS) by Percoll density gradient from bull testes. Bull testes were de-capsulated and testicular tissues were dissociated enzymatically to recover RS. After being filtered through a 20 microm nylon mesh, the cells ...
Rodríguez Luciano - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The direct transfusion of thawed hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) is associated to transfusion-related side effects that are thought to be dose-dependent on the infused dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Both the effectiveness of a fully automated cell processing device to washing out DMSO and the effects of DMSO elimination over the ...
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