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Results 251 - 300 of 1034
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Paynter Sharon J - - 2008
Nerve cells isolated from the brain have a number of research and clinical applications, not the least of which is their transplantation to patients with Parkinson's disease. Neural primary and precursor cells of several areas of the brain are potential candidates for transplantation and research. However, supply of suitable tissue ...
Takamatsu, Hiroshi
A new experimental procedure has been developed to measure the viability of isolated cells deformed by two parallel plates which simulate ice crystals under freezing of biological material. The viability of deformed cell is evaluated in situ with trypan blue dye exclusion assay. The change in the viability with the ...
Campbell Lia H - - 2007
With the development of cell-based assays and therapies, the purity of reagents used to grow and maintain cells has become much more important. In particular, the use of fetal calf serum for culturing cells presents a direct path for potential contamination of cell cultures. In recent years, much research has ...
Foïs E - - 2007
Cryopreservation and thawing of haematopoietic stem cells are associated with cell loss and infusion-related toxicities. We analysed viability, total nucleated cell (TNC) and CD34+ cell recovery, and infusion-related toxicities of 952 thawed and washed products. Mean TNC and CD34+ viable cells recoveries were 55.9+/-18.6 and 98.0+/-36.5%, respectively. Mean cell viability ...
Klossner Daniel P - - 2007
Cryosurgery offers a promising therapeutic alternative for the treatment of prostate cancer. While often successful, complete cryoablation of cancerous tissues sometimes fails due to technical challenges. Factors such as the end temperature, cooling rate, duration of the freezing episode, and repetition of the freezing cycle have been reported to influence ...
Hubel A - - 2007
Previous studies have demonstrated that ice/cell interaction influences post thaw viability and specific cryoprotective agents can affect those interactions. Trehalose, a disaccharide, has been shown to have a protective benefit during conventional slow freezing. Existing theories have been put forth to explain the protective benefit of trehalose during desiccation and ...
Demirci Utkan - - 2007
The capability to encapsulate single cells in droplets while retaining high cell viability (>90%) has great impact on tissue engineering, high-throughput screening, as well as clinical diagnostics and therapeutics. We demonstrate a novel method to vitrify a small number of cells using cell-encapsulating droplets. The method allows vitrification at low ...
Oh Joo Youn - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of cryopreservation on the viability of cultivated corneal limbal and conjunctival epithelial cells and to evaluate the optimal conditions for cryopreservation. METHODS: The cultivated human limbal epithelial cells (HLECs) were stored in media including 20%, 50%, and 90% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 10% dimethyl ...
Mazur Peter P Fundamental and Applied Cryobiology Group, Department of Biochemistry, and Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37932-2575, USA. - - 2007
The formation of ice crystals within cells (IIF) is lethal. The classical approach to avoiding it is to cool cells slowly enough so that nearly all their supercooled freezable water leaves the cell osmotically before they have cooled to a temperature that permits IIF. An alternative approach is to cool ...
Zaman Guido J R - - 2007
Advances in detection technologies have enabled an increased use of cell-based functional assays in early drug discovery, in particular for G protein-coupled receptors. Screening assays that use live cells are less prone to generate false positives than assays using lysed cell samples. The use of cryopreserved cells instead of cells ...
Hoffman, Katie Anne
Each year 15-20 infants with sickle cell disease and 600 infants with trait are born in western Pennsylvania with no significant decrease in annual incidence. A 2006 study by Childrens Hospital of Pittsburghs Comprehensive Hemoglobinopathy Program surveying African-American women in the prenatal setting found that these women have a high ...
Tsen Jen-Horng - - 2007
Lactobacillus reuteri shows certain beneficial effects to human health and is recognized as a probiotic. However, its application in frozen foods is still not popular because of its low survival during freezing and frozen storage. Cell immobilization technique could effectively exert protection effects to microbial cells in order to enhance ...
Sui Li - - 2007
D-allose, an aldo-hexose, is a rare sugar whose biological functions remain largely unclear. Recently, we demonstrated a novel inhibitory effect of D-allose on production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we focused on investigating cryoprotective effects of D-allose on cell viability. Mammalian cell lines including OVCAR-3 (human ovarian cancer), HeLa ...
Néron Sonia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The yield of white blood cells (WBCs) extracted from whole-blood leukoreduction filters can be affected by the storage conditions and delay before filtration. Platelets (PLTs) collected with apheresis instruments (Trima Accel, Gambro BCT) are leukoreduced during the procedure on a fluidized particle bed in a leukoreduction chamber (LRS chamber). ...
Meryman Harold T - - 2007
Increasingly, the cryopreservation of living cells is being attempted by researchers whose primary interest and experience is with the medical applications of those cells or tissues and whose prior experience with cryobiology may be negligible. It is therefore generally necessary to imitate some regimen used by others, perhaps with some ...
Geeslin Matthew G - - 2007
Freeze injury in BPH1(CAFTD)-2 cells frozen/thawed in suspension was studied through a two-level four-parameter (2(4)) experimental design and analysis. The four parameters considered were end temperature, hold time, TNFalpha concentration, and thawing rate. Thermal parameter values chosen were based on the approximate thermal history cells would experience in the peripheral ...
Heng Boon Chin - - 2007
Because hESC (human embryonic stem cells) are 'social cells' that require co-operative interactions and intimate physical contact with each other, it is absolutely essential to dissociate hESC colonies into cellular clumps rather than into a single-cell suspension during serial passage. The present study compared two commonly used protocols for dissociating ...
Mukherjee Indra Neil - - 2007
Development of optimal cryopreservation protocols requires delivery and removal of cryoprotective agents (CPAs) in such a way that negative osmotic and cytotoxic effects on cells are minimized. This is especially true for vitrification, where high CPA concentrations are employed. In this study, we report on the determination of cell membrane ...
Li B Q - - 2007
AIMS: To improve viability and biocontrol efficacy of Cryptococcus laurentii after freeze drying and in subsequent storage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Viability of C. laurentii was improved after freeze drying and in subsequent storage at 4 or 25 degrees C by using skimmed milk (SM) and sugars (glucose, galactose, sucrose and ...
Clarke Dominic M - - 2007
The detection of renal tumors has increased significantly over recent years resulting in a greater demand for novel, minimally invasive techniques. Cryoablation has emerged as a valuable treatment modality for the management of renal cancer. In an effort to detail the effects of freezing in renal cancer, the human renal ...
Sum Ruth - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The wound-healing applications of platelet (PLT)-derived cytokines, proteins, and membranes is accepted but continues to be investigated. In this study, it is demonstrated that stabilized freeze-dried PLTs prepared from outdated PLTs (FDPOs) accelerate wound healing and form tube structures as well as stabilized indated freeze-dried PLTs (FDPIs) and room-temperature ...
Gao Zexia - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine whether diploid, triploid and tetraploid loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) differed in terms of their main haematological and physiological characteristics. Diploid and tetraploid fish were produced by crossing of natural diploids (2n x 2n) and natural tetraploids (4n x 4n), respectively. Triploid fish were ...
Choi Jee-Wan - - 2007
Conditions were evaluated for optimum cryopreservation of primary chicken embryo kidney (CEK) cells. The recovery of viable CEK cells was best (50.8% viability) when the concentration of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the freezing medium was 20% (v/v). The viability of primary CEK cells was not influenced by the concentration of ...
Liu Bin - - 2007
To investigate the effects of repeating -70 degrees C freeze thawing on human choroidal melanoma cell line OCM-1. OCM-1 cells were frozen by repeating -70 degrees C freeze thawing with various durations and frequencies. Then the inhibit rate of cells was examined by MTT essay. The cell viability was measured ...
Santivarangkna C - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the inactivation mechanisms of Lactobacillus helveticus during vacuum drying. METHODS AND RESULTS: Early stationary phase cells of L. helveticus were dried in a vacuum drier. Viability, cell integrity and metabolic activity of cells were assessed over time by plate ...
Sakai Shinji - - 2007
Spherical capsules were prepared by extruding aqueous agarose-gelation conjugate solution into co-flowing liquid paraffin at 38 degrees C and cooling the resultant emulsion. Capsule diameter was controlled between 40 and 250 mum by changing the velocity of the liquid paraffin. Adherent Crandall-Reese feline kidney cells enclosed in conjugate capsules of ...
Barili Fabio - - 2007
Some investigators claim that the viability of cryopreserved human valvular homograft is necessary for the duration of implanted homograft. In this preliminary study, the percentage of cycling cells in cryopreserved valvular homografts was evaluated with the use of monoclonal Ki-67 antibody. Three human aortic valves were harvested from multiorgan donors ...
Haugan T - - 2007
The objective of the present field study was to compare the fertility results for boar semen diluted in X-cell stored up to 4-5 days before artificial insemination (AI) with semen diluted in Beltsville thawing solution (BTS) used for AI following 2-3 days of storage (where the first day being the ...
Zhu Zhengrong - - 2007
Cryopreserved, transiently transfected HepG2 cells were compared to freshly transfected HepG2 cells for use in a pregnane X receptor (PXR) transactivation assay. Assay performance was similar for both cell preparations; however, cryopreserved cells demonstrated less interassay variation. Validation with drugs of different PXR activation potencies and efficacies demonstrated an excellent ...
Hamidi M - - 2007
Erythrocytes as the most readily available and abundant cells within the body, have been studied extensively for their potential application as drug delivery carriers. In this study, human erythrocytes have been loaded by bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a model antigen/protein using hypotonic preswelling method for targeted delivery of this ...
McKAY, KATHRYN L
BACKGROUND: Donor leukocyte infusions (DLI) have recently become more widely used as therapy for the treatment of disease relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. DLIs have been shown to mediate the crucial graft vs. tumor effect needed to reach remission. The white blood cells that make up a DLI, specifically ...
Gonz?lez Hern?ndez Yanela - - 2007
Long term storage of living cells is a central issue in cell biology and medicine. In addition to the cryoprotectant dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), foetal bovine serum (FBS) is often added to the freezing medium for the cryoconservation of serum dependent cell lines. FBS, with its high protein content, protects cells ...
Nel-Themaat L - - 2007
Semen and milk are potential sources of somatic cells for genome banks. In the present study, we cultured and characterised cells from: (1) cooled sheep milk; (2) fresh, cooled and frozen-thawed semen from Gulf Coast native (GCN) sheep (Ovis aries); and (3) fresh eland (Taurotragus oryx) semen. Cells attached to ...
Bentzen Peter J - - 2007
The natural nutrient component Curcumin with anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity has previously been shown to stimulate apoptosis of several nucleated cell types. The present study has been performed to explore whether Curcumin could similarly induce suicidal death of erythrocytes or eryptosis, which is characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane ...
Kasuga Jun - - 2007
Seasonal changes in the accumulation of soluble sugars in extracellular freezing cortical parenchyma cells and deep supercooling xylem parenchyma cells in Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica) were compared to identify the effects of soluble sugars on the mechanism of deep supercooling, which keeps the liquid state of water ...
Aktan Murad - - 2007
We investigated whether the addition of Gingko Biloba extract (EGb 761) to rabbit corneal epithelial medium before cell freezing improved cell viability after freezing then thawing. After removal of corneas, they were treated with enzymes and the corneal epithelium was prepared as a single cell suspension in freezing media with ...
Morris Christopher B - - 2007
The long-term storage of human and animal cell lines is a relatively new branch of the science of cryopreservation of living organisms. The need to maintain the increasing numbers of cell lines, as they started to emerge from research laboratories from the mid-1900s, necessitated a radical approach to the problem. ...
Volk Gayle M - - 2007
Successful cryopreservation of plant shoot tips is dependent upon effective desiccation through osmotic or physical processes. Microscopy techniques were used to determine the extent of cellular damage and plasmolysis that occurs in peppermint (Mentha x piperita) shoot tips during the process of cryopreservation, using the cryoprotectant plant vitrification solution 2 ...
Gietz R Daniel - - 2007
Here we describe a protocol for the production of frozen competent yeast cells that can be transformed with high efficiency using the lithium acetate/single-stranded carrier DNA/PEG method. This protocol allows the production of highly competent yeast cells that can be frozen and used at a later date and is especially ...
Ware Carol B - - 2007
Freeze storage of human embryonic stem (hES) cells has not proven effective using the methods employed for mouse ES (mES) cells, while rhesus ES (rhES) cells are only modestly effectively frozen using common mES cell methods. Because human and rhES cells are passaged and frozen in clusters that approximate the ...
Reid A Ainsley - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of whey protein isolate (WPI) gel microentrapment on the viability of Lactobacillus rhamnosus R011 during the production and storage of biscuits, frozen cranberry juice, and vegetable juice. Viability of microentrapped (ME) cells was compared to free cells freeze-dried in a ...
Smagghe Benoît J - - 2007
Hemoglobins are ancient O(2)-binding proteins, ubiquitously found in eukaryotes. They have been categorized as symbiotic, nonsymbiotic and truncated hemoglobins. We have investigated the cellular localization of nonsymbiotic hemoglobin proteins during somatic embryogenesis in Cichorium hybrid leaves (Cichorium intybus L. var. sativum x C. endivia var. latifolia) using immunolocalization technique. These ...
Cheong Chul - - 2007
Preservation methods on the physiological and brewing technical characters in bottom and top brewing yeast strains were investigated. The preserved yeasts were reactivated after 24 months storage and grown up to stationary phase. The samples of filter paper storage indicated a higher cell growth and viability during propagation than those ...
Bransky Avishay - - 2007
The deformability of erythrocytes is of great importance for oxygen delivery in the microcirculation [Lipowsky, H.H., 2005. Microvascular rheology and hemodynamics. Microcirculation 12, 5-15]. Aging of erythrocytes is associated with a reduction in deformability and also in size. The present work describes an automated cell analyzer which utilizes a glass ...
Heng B C - - 2006
A major challenge in the widespread application of hES (human embryonic stem) cells in clinical therapy and basic scientific research is the development of efficient cryopreservation protocols. Conventional slow-cooling protocols utilizing standard cryoprotectant concentrations i.e. 10% (v/v) DMSO, yield extremely low survival rates of less than 5% as reported by ...
Nnorom, IC; Abia State ...
Lead and cadmium content of different brands and sizes (N=38) of dry cell batteries (zinc-carbon Leclanche systems) available in Nigeria were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry after acid digestion. The average Pb and Cd content of the dry cells are 1077.9±751.7mg/kg (Range 42-3170mg/kg) and 108.3±81.4mg/kg (Range 4.6-410mg/kg) respectively. The mean ...
Trish Erin - - 2006
Here we demonstrate how our lab freezes HuES human embryonic stem cell lines. A healthy, exponentially expanding culture is washed with PBS to remove residual media that could otherwise quench the Trypsin reaction. Warmed 0.05% Trypsin-EDTA is then added to cover the cells, and the plate allowed to incubate for ...
Watanabe Kanako - - 2006
The cryoprotective effect of intracellular free high-mannose oligosaccharides (HMOS) on mammalian cells and proteins was examined by monitoring PC-12 cell viability and assaying protein kinase C (PKC)-epsilon activity. 1-Deoxymannojirimycin, an inhibitor of alpha-mannosidase, to cause an increase in intracellular free HMOS, significantly rescued PC-12 cells with 2-h freezing insult at ...
Cho Ji-Suk - - 2007
Transgenic suspension cells of Oryza sativa L. cv. Dongjin utilized as a host for producing recombinant human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) were preserved in liquid nitrogen (-196 degrees C) after slow prefreezing in a deep freezer (-70 degrees C). The development of an optimal procedure for long-term storage was ...
Moore D T - - 2006
This study established a method for preserving chicken primordial germ cells (PGC) that enables long-term storage in liquid N. Gonads were harvested from stage 27 chick embryos and pooled in groups of 5, 10 (10E), or 20 embryos, contributing gonads to the cell suspension. The gonadal cells, including PGC, were ...
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