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Results 201 - 250 of 1034
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Kent Lia - - 2009
Since James Thomson et al developed a technique in 1998 to isolate and grow hES in culture, freezing cells for later use and thawing and expanding cells from a frozen stock have become important procedures performed in routine hES cell culture. Since hES cells are very sensitive to the stresses ...
Moussa Marwen - - 2008
The survival of cells subjected to cooling at sub-zero temperature is of paramount concern in cryobiology. The susceptibility of cells to cryopreservation processes, especially freeze-thawing, stimulated considerable interest in better understanding the mechanisms leading to cell injury and inactivation. In this study, we assessed the viability of cells subjected to ...
Gómez Martha C - - 2008
In the present study, we used the sand cat (Felis margarita) as a somatic cell donor to evaluate whether cryopreservation of donor cells alters viability and epigenetic events in donor cells and affects in vitro and in vivo developmental competence of derived embryos. In Experiment 1, flow cytometry analysis revealed ...
Chabot David - - 2008
Sickle cell disease is a genetic hemoglobinopathy in which a significant number of red blood cells carry hemoglobin-S as opposed to normal red blood cells that contain hemoglobin-A. Under certain conditions such as hypoxia, acidosis, and hypothermia, the red blood cells containing hemoglobin-S will sickle, leading to occlusion of the ...
Dash Surjya N - - 2008
Fish embryonic stem (ES) cells derived from of blastulae (64 cell stage embryo) of Labeo rohita were propagated in culture and retained their ES cell-like properties after cryogenic storage (-196 degrees C, i.e., liquid nitrogen). Toxic effect of DMSO (dimethyl sulphoxide) on stem cells during preservation process has been reported ...
Lee Ji Yeon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To develop an efficient freezing method suitable for large-scale cryopreservation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Research institute. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): Two genetically modified hESC lines, H9-EF1-GFP and CHA-hES3-EF1-GFP, were cryopreserved in cryovials using a combination of two equilibration methods (one-step and stepwise) and two ...
Piasecki Brian P - - 2009
Cryopreservation is a practical method for stabilizing the genetic content of living algae over long periods of time. Yet, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the algal species most often utilized in studies requiring genetically defined strains, is difficult to cryopreserve with a consistently high post-thaw viability. Work described here demonstrates that C. reinhardtii ...
Acharya, Tathagata
This thesis aims at evaluating the freezing response of three different cell types, Pacific Oyster embryos, Jurkats and Helas, using the technique of cryomicroscopy. The choice of cells was primarily based on supporting ongoing research work at the Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering at Louisiana State University in Baton ...
Garénaux Amélie - - 2009
Campylobacter jejuni represents one of the leading causes of bacterial enteritis throughout the world. Poultry is an important source of C. jejuni. Despite hygiene measures taken in the production chain, C. jejuni is frequently isolated from poultry meat. C. jejuni is a microaerophilic pathogen, affected by oxidative stress. Freeze-thaw treatment ...
Yoshimori Takashi - - 2009
Cell dehydration during freezing results from an elevated concentration of electrolytes in the extracellular medium that is deeply involved in cellular injury. We undertook real-time threedimensional (3-D) observation of osmotic dehydration of cells, motivated by a comparison of cellular responses between isolated cells in suspension and cultured cells adhering to ...
Bhakta Gajadhar - - 2009
Application of cell--biomaterial systems in regenerative medicine can be facilitated by their successful low temperature preservation. Vitrification, which avoids ice crystal formation by amorphous solidification, is an emerging approach to cryopreservation. Developing vitrification strategy, effective cryopreservation of alginate-fibrin beads with porcine mesenchymal stromal cells has been achieved in this study. ...
Ono Tetsuo - - 2008
Mouse spermatozoa can be freeze dried without losing genetic integrity and reproductive potential. However, it is not known if freeze-dried mouse cells similarly maintain their genetic integrity and developmental potential following nuclear transfer. Here, we investigated the developmental capacity and embryonic stem (ES) cell derivation of reconstructed oocytes by nuclear ...
Yu Ming-An - - 2009
The effects of industrial storage on the changes of the cell viability and the activities of intracellular alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) in brewer's yeast, and the corresponding capacity for the bioconversion of ethyl-3-oxobutanoate (EOB) to ethyl (S)-3-hydroxybutanoate ((S)-EHB), were investigated. The viability of fresh brewer's yeast cells ...
Kim Mee Kum - - 2008
To compare the stem niche in different culture conditions of limbal epithelial cells, the suspended human limbal epithelial cells (HLECs) were seeded on the 3T3-pretreated plates and the other suspended cells were plated on amniotic membranes (AMs) which were either cryo-preserved or freeze-dried. All were cultured for 10 to 12 ...
Ogawa Yoichi - - 2008
We established a simple cryopreservation protocol for Arabidopsis T87 cells using an encapsulation-dehydration method. T87 cells were encapsulated into alginate beads containing 2 M glycerol and 0.4 M sucrose. Alginate beads containing T87 cells were dehydrated with silica gel for 2 h (to c. 0.7 g water per g dry ...
Kong Simyee - - 2008
The effect of bacterial-cell centrifugation and handling on the initial stages of plasmid processing was investigated. Escherichia coli cells containing either a 6 or 20 kb plasmid were grown in 75- and 450-litre bioreactors, and the process yield of the early recovery stages was characterized in terms of SC pDNA ...
Mitchell Elizabeth B - - 2008
Hematology is an essential component of veterinary practice. The interpretation of avian blood cells provides many challenges. Practitioners must be able to recognize normal morphology and function of cells to interpret changes in those cells. This article describes the normal morphology of avian erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes. Changes observed in ...
Li Jianhua - - 2009
The effects of cryopreservation on meiotic progression, synapsis, recombination, and structure of synaptonemal complexes (SCs) in testicular tissues were evaluated by comparing the above-mentioned parameters in frozen and fresh testicular tissues from the same men. No differences in meiotic progression, the mean number of MLH1 foci per cell, the mean ...
Knowles Emily J - - 2008
Two major stresses that threaten rock-inhabiting microbial communities are desiccation and freezing; both result in a loss of liquid water in the cells. The mechanisms necessary to tolerate these extremes may be similar, but are not well understood. In both cases extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) seem to play an important role. ...
Kleman Marika I - - 2008
To avoid the time consuming, labor intensive seed-train expansion and to improve production reliability and consistency, portions of bulk cryopreserved cells from the same cultivation can be utilized as inocula or alternatively may be used to undertake transient transfections for large-scale bioreactor production. In this study, the conditions for large-scale ...
da Cunha Mário A A - - 2009
Viable cells of Candida guilliermondii were immobilized by inclusion into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogel using the freezing-thawing method. Entrapment experiments were planned according to a 2(3) full factorial design, using the PVA concentration (80, 100, and 120 g L(-1)), the freezing temperature (-10, -15, and -20 degrees C), and the ...
Chakraborty Nilay - - 2008
Dry preservation involves removing water from samples so that degradative biochemical processes are slowed and extended storage is possible. Recently this approach has been explored as a method for preserving living mammalian cells. The current work explores the use of microwave processing to enhance evaporation rates and to improve drying ...
Loi P - - 2008
Lyophilization has been used since long time to preserve yeast and bacteria strains. Subsequently, a great deal of efforts has been dedicated to the preservation in a dry state of red blood cells and platelets. However, despite more than 30 years passed by, no significant progress has been achieved. Recently, ...
Tossios Paschalis - - 2008
AIMS: In clinical studies on cell therapy for acute myocardial infarction (MI), cells are usually applied by intracoronary infusion with balloon (IC/B). To test the utility of balloon occlusion, mononuclear bone marrow cell (MNC) retention after intracoronary infusion without balloon (IC/noB) was compared with IC/B and intramyocardial (IM) injection. METHODS ...
Gibney Geoffrey T - - 2008
Enhanced fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) production can partially compensate for the lack of adult hemoglobin (Hb A) in patients with beta-thalassemia major or intermedia, and ameliorate the clinical severity of these diseases. To further elucidate factors governing Hb F levels, we evaluated demographic, clinical, laboratory, and genetic characteristics in 241 ...
Illouz S - - 2008
Primary human hepatocytes are clinically used for transplantation or in bioartificial liver devices for the treatment of patients with liver failure. We aimed to assess whether an organ preservation solution containing trehalose, namely ET-Kyoto solution (ETK), could improve human liver cell viability when used for cryopreservation in comparison to the ...
Rodríguez-Porrata B - - 2008
In winemaking, spontaneous grape must fermentations have been replaced by inoculation of commercial active dry wine yeast (ADWY). Yeast rehydration is the key to avoiding stuck and sluggish fermentations. Despite the importance of this step, not enough is known about what this process implies for winemaking as a whole or ...
Hagen C - - 2008
A method is described employing microcarrier spheres of cross-linked dextran for obtaining ultra- and semithin vitreous sections from high-pressure frozen anchorage-dependent (mammalian) cells. Avoiding trypsination or scraping cells off from the culture surface, the presented approach allows for cryoimmobilization, cryosectioning and cryoelectron microscopy/tomography of frozen-hydrated cells in an unperturbed manner ...
Bagchi Aniruddha - - 2008
Over the last half the 20th Century, reproductive medicine has become a critically important branch of modern medical science. Fertility preservation is a vital branch of reproductive medicine and involves the preservation of gametes (sperm and oocytes), embryos, and reproductive tissues (ovarian and testicular tissues) for use in artificial reproduction. ...
Reed J A JA Center for Biomedical Engineering, Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM - - - 2008
The thermoresponsive properties of poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (pNIPAM) have led to its wide use in bioengineering applications, including the reversible adhesion of mammalian cells. The groups performing this research have used different solutions to initiate cell release and have varied the temperature of the solution during detachment. To our knowledge, there ...
Stamenova R - - 2008
Ty1 is a retrotransposon of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae whose transposition at new locations in the host genome is activated by stress conditions, such as exposure to UV light, X-rays, nitrogen starvation. In this communication, we supply evidence that cooling for 2 h at +4 degrees C followed by freezing ...
He Xiaoming - - 2008
Conventional cryopreservation protocols for slow-freezing or vitrification involve cell injury due to ice formation/cell dehydration or toxicity of high cryoprotectant (CPA) concentrations, respectively. In this study, we developed a novel cryopreservation technique to achieve ultra-fast cooling rates using a quartz micro-capillary (QMC). The QMC enabled vitrification of murine embryonic stem ...
Kumkhaek Chutima - - 2008
The hydroxycarbamide (HC)-inducible small guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding protein, secretion-associated and RAS-related (SAR) protein has recently been shown to play a pivotal role in HBG induction and erythroid maturation by causing cell apoptosis and G1/S-phase arrest. Our preliminary analysis indicated that HC inducibility is transcriptionally regulated by elements within the SAR1A ...
Dodson M V - - 2008
Cell cultures were established from the skeletal muscle tissue of 6-13 months old rainbow trout and 12-14 months old yellow perch. Approximately 27,000 +/- 5,000 cells/g (trout; N = 5) and 5,000 +/- 1,200 cells/g of tissue (perch; N = 4) were obtained. Isolation and propagation were qualitatively greater for ...
Klossner Daniel P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate in prostate cancer cells the consequences of androgen-insensitivity (AI) development on the cellular and molecular responses to freezing, as a challenge in prostate cancer treatment occurs when the androgen-sensitive (AS) phenotype switches to an AI phenotype, the latter of which is often refractory to many therapies. MATERIALS ...
Takamatsu Hiroshi - - 2008
A novel technique and instrumented device were developed to harvest target cells from multicellular mixture of different cell types under a microscope. The principle of the technique is that cells cultured on a thermoresponsive-substance-coated dish were detached by a region-specific cooling device and simultaneously harvested using a micropipette, both of ...
Yamasaki Masahiro - - 2008
In the present study, we employed flow cytometry to evaluate the level of parasitemia of Babesia gibsoni infecting canine erythrocytes in vivo and in vitro by using fluorescent nucleic acid staining. Peripheral blood samples from a B. gibsoni-infected dog and cultured B. gibsoni parasitizing in canine erythrocytes were stained with ...
KIM, JONG HWAN
Low-temperature adaptation and cryoprotection were studied in Leuconostoc mesenteroides SYl, a strain isolated from Kimchi. L. mesenteroides SY1 cells grown in exponential growth phase at <TEX>$30^{\circ}C$</TEX> were exposed to <TEX>$15^{\circ}C,\;10^{\circ}C$</TEX>, and <TEX>$5^{\circ}C$</TEX> for 2, 4, and 6 h, respectively, and then frozen at <TEX>$- 70^{\circ}C$</TEX> for 24 h. Survival ratio ...
Ricardo Richard - - 2008
Cultured mammalian cells are used extensively in cell biology studies. It requires a number of special skills in order to be able to preserve the structure, function, behavior, and biology of the cells in culture. This video describes the basic skills required to freeze and store cells and how to ...
Astray Renato M - - 2008
Parameters for storage, lysis and concentration of Drosophila melanogaster Schneider 2 (S2AcRVGP) cells expressing the recombinant rabies virus glycoprotein (RVGP) were studied with regard to RVGP quantification by ELISA, for productivity evaluation and future purification. Lysis buffers were formulated with Tris, NaCl, glycerol, EDTA, KCl, Na(2)PO(4), MgCl(2), PMSF and NP-40 ...
Reger Roxanne L - - 2008
Human multipotential stromal cells (hMSCs) are easily isolated from bone marrow and can be expanded by up to 200-fold in culture. Cultures of hMSCs are heterogeneous mixtures of stem/progenitor cells and more mature cell types. The proportion of each cell type in a given culture depends on how the cells ...
Ackley R J - - 2008
RBC components with rare phenotypes are sometimes required for patients with sickle cell disease, and these rare components can often be found among donors with sickle cell trait. Cryopreserving RBC components from sickle cell trait donors requires a modified deglycerolization method to preserve the integrity of the RBCs. This study ...
Loi Pasqualino - - 2008
The natural capacity of simple organisms to survive in a dehydrated state has long been exploited by man, with lyophylization the method of choice for the long term storage of bacterial and yeast cells. More recently, attempts have been made to apply this procedure to the long term storage of ...
Oishi Koichi - - 2008
Adipose tissue-derived stem/progenitor cells (ASCs) have been reported to differentiate not only into mesodermal cells such as osteoblasts, chondorocytes, and adipocytes, but also to endodermal cells such as hepatocytes and insulin-expressing cells. These stem/progenitor cells are expected to be used for variety of regenerative therapies. This study demonstrates the viability ...
Li Tao - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The traditional vitrification method cannot keep up with the increased culture and propagation efficiency required to cryopreserve large quantities of vigorously proliferating human embryonic stem (HES) cells. In this study, we describe a newly invented vitrification carrier for cryopreserving large amount of HES cells and evaluate whether this bulk ...
Kashuba Benson Corinna M - - 2008
Embryonic stem (ES) cell lines including the C57BL/6 genetic background are central to projects such as the Knock-Out Mouse Project, North American Conditional Mouse Mutagenesis Program, and European Conditional Mouse Mutagenesis Program, which seek to create thousands of mutant mouse strains using ES cells for the production of human disease ...
Italia K Y - - 2007
Adult F cell numbers are raised in inherited haemoglobin disorders, such as beta-thalassaemia and sickle cell anaemia, hereditary persistence of foetal haemoglobin, and some acquired conditions, such as juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia, during acute erythropoietic stress and pregnancy. True foetal erythrocytes containing foetal amounts of HbF can also occur in the ...
Jang Boyun - - 2007
In this study, we describe the development of a simple and efficient method for cell lysis via the insertion of a bacteriophage lambda lysis gene cluster into the pET22b expression vector in the following order; the T7 promoter, a gene for a target protein intended for production, Sam7 and R. ...
Rohde Robert A - - 2007
Two known habitats for microbial metabolism in ice are surfaces of mineral grains and liquid veins along three-grain boundaries. We propose a third, more general, habitat in which a microbe frozen in ice can metabolize by redox reactions with dissolved small molecules such as CO(2), O(2), N(2), CO, and CH(4) ...
Henrichs D W - - 2008
A simple and effective protocol is described for multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of single cells of Karenia brevis. The protocol requires minimum processing, avoids additions that might dilute target DNA template, and can be used on cells preserved in Lugol's iodine preservative. Destaining of Lugol's-preserved cells with sodium ...
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