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Results 101 - 150 of 1038
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Arthur Larry Matthew - - 2011
The MRL (Murphy Roths Large) mouse has provided a unique model of adult mammalian regeneration as multiple tissues show this important phenotype. Furthermore, the healing employs a blastema-like structure similar to that seen in amphibian regenerating tissue. Cells from the MRL mouse display DNA damage, cell cycle G2/M arrest, and ...
Hosokawa Yoichiroh - - 2011
Introduction of biomolecules into cells in living animals is one of the most important techniques in molecular and developmental biology research, and has potentially broad biomedical implications. Here we report that biomolecules can be introduced into single cells in living vertebrate embryos by photoporation using a femtosecond laser amplifier with ...
Lee Byung Rho - - 2011
α-Synuclein is a key molecule in understanding the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative α-synucleinopathies such as Parkinson's disease. Despite extensive research, however, its precise function remains unclear partly because of a difficulty in immunoblotting detection of endogenous α-synuclein. This difficulty has largely restricted the progress for α-synucleinopathy research. Here, we report that ...
Zhou Qiong - - 2011
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are enzymes that modulate gene expression and cellular processes by deacetylating histones and non-histone proteins. While small molecule inhibitors of HDAC activity (HDACi) are used clinically in the treatment of cancer, pre-clinical treatment models suggest they also exert neuroprotective effects and stimulate neurogenesis in neuropathological conditions. However, ...
Egli Dieter D Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, - - 2011
Fertilized mouse zygotes can reprogram somatic cells to a pluripotent state. Human zygotes might therefore be useful for producing patient-derived pluripotent stem cells. However, logistical, legal and social considerations have limited the availability of human eggs for research. Here we show that a significant number of normal fertilized eggs (zygotes) ...
Jahn Kristina A - - 2010
Caco-2 cells, which are known to spontaneously differentiate in cell culture, adopt typical epithelial characteristics and are widely used as a model to study cellular uptake, transport and metabolism processes. However, groups of flat and undifferentiated cells have been observed amid differentiating Caco-2 cell monolayers. In this study, we isolated ...
Fukushima Tsuyoshi - - 2011
Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 1 (HAI-1) is a transmembrane protease inhibitor that regulates the activities of membrane-bound and extracellular serine proteases. HAI-1 has two Kunitz-type inhibitor domains with the N-terminal Kunitz domain (KD1) responsible for inhibiting known target proteases. Previously, we reported that knockdown of HAI-1 in the ...
Chang Te-Sheng - - 2010
In the present study, more than 200 generic drugs were screened to verify their applicability as a skin-lightening agent using mouse B16 melanoma cells. Of the numerous agents, danazol was found to inhibit melanogenesis in B16 cells in a dose-dependent manner with an IC(50) value of 9.3 μM. In addition, ...
Biedrzycki Olaf J - - 2010
Sickle cell trait (SCT) is estimated to occur in 6% to 10% of Africans, and the United Kingdom (UK) prevalence rate has been estimated at 3.2%. Although sudden death in sickle cell disease is well known, its occurrence in SCT is rare and requires extremes of physiological stress. We present ...
Davis Samantha J SJ Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Michigan, 1500 E Medical Center Dr, 1903 Taubman Center, SPC 5312, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2010
to design in vitro and in vivo models of metastasis to study the behavior of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). cells were sorted for CD44 expression using flow cytometry. Sorted cells were used in an in vitro invasion assay. For in vivo studies, ...
Van Trung The - - 2011
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a highly lethal neoplasm. S-1 has been developed as a novel oral antineoplastic agent based on the modulation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) bioactivity. This study was conducted to investigate the preclinical therapeutic effect of S-1 on MPM. We used three human MPM cell lines, Y-MESO-14, NCI-H290 ...
Wang Xiaohong - - 2010
A new cell cryopreservation strategy for cell-assembling constructs was proposed. With this strategy, different concentrations of dimethysulfoxide (DMSO) and dextran-40 were directly incorporated into the cell/gelatin/alginate systems, prototyped according to a predesigned structure, cryopreserved at -80°C for 10days and followed a thawing process at 17°C. The rheological properties, bonding water ...
Melin Petter - - 2011
The yeast Pichia anomala has antifungal activities and its potential in biocontrol and biopreservation has previously been demonstrated. To practically use an organism in such applications on a larger scale the microbe has to be formulated and stabilised. In this review we give an overview of our experience of formulating ...
Dong Jinping - - 2010
We describe direct determination of the state of intracellular water, measurement of the intercellular concentration of a cryoprotectant agent (dimethylsulfoxide), and the distribution of organic material in frozen mammalian cells. Confocal Raman microspectroscopy was utilized at cryogenic temperatures with single live cells to conduct high spatial resolution measurements (350 × ...
Tian Pingsheng - - 2010
Previous immunolocalisation studies using intact cells have identified modification of the cytoskeleton by cryoprotectants. In the present study we have used a proteomics approach to directly resolve the interactive effects of 3T3-LI cells exposed to two cryoprotectants, dimethyl sulphoxide (Me(2)SO) and 1,2-propanediol (PROH) in 5,10, 20 and 50(v/v) percent solutions, ...
de Souza Beatriz Dulcineia Mendes - - 2010
Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS) is recommended for the storage of avulsed teeth. The objective of this study was to evaluate if the HBSS storage time influences its ability to maintain the viability of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF) by the analysis of cell metabolic function using MTT assay. PDLF ...
Spadaro Davide - - 2010
The effect of freeze-drying using different lyoprotectants at different concentrations on the viability and biocontrol efficacy of Metschnikowia pulcherrima was evaluated. The effects of initial yeast cell concentration and culture age on viability were also considered. Yeast cells grown for 36 h were more resistant to freeze-drying than were 48 ...
Hayakawa Jun - - 2010
Cell number and viability are important in cord blood (CB) transplantation. While 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is the standard medium, adding a starch to freezing medium is increasingly utilized as a cytoprotectant for the thawing process. Similar to hetastarch, pentastarch has the advantages of faster renal clearance and less effect ...
Uzunova Veselina V - - 2010
In search of novel control parameters for the polymerization of sickle cell hemoglobin (HbS), the primary pathogenic event of sickle cell anemia, we explore the role of free heme, which may be excessively released in sickle erythrocytes. We show that the concentration of free heme in HbS solutions typically used ...
Streit Fernanda - - 2011
This work aimed at analyzing the effect of microfiltration conditions (cross-flow velocity and transmembrane pressure) on the quality of frozen Lactobacillus bulgaricus CFL1 starters produced on pilot scale. Microfiltered cells were less resistant during the concentration process than centrifuged cells. In contrast, bacterial cryotolerance during freezing was improved after microfiltration, ...
Gallo Agatha M AM University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2010
In the context of an inherited condition such as sickle cell disease (SCD), it is critical to understand how people with SCD or carriers (sickle cell trait [SCT]) face the challenges of making informed reproductive health decisions. The purpose of this analysis was to examine the beliefs, attitudes, and personal ...
Tatone Carla - - 2010
In spite of the optimisation of cryopreservation protocols, post-thawing trauma to mammalian gametes cannot be completely avoided. Based on recent literature, cellular cryodamage in reproductive cells has been extensively characterised in terms of changes in the cell structure, whereas biochemical alterations have been poorly investigated. The present paper reviews the ...
Darghouth D - - 2010
Metabolic signatures of specialized circulating hematopoietic cells in physiological or human hematological diseases start to be described. We use a simple and highly reproductive extraction method of erythrocytes metabolites coupled with a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry based metabolites profiling method to determine metabolomes of normal and sickle cell erythrocytes. Sickle cell ...
Kato Gregory J - - 2010
In adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), echocardiographic evidence of diastolic dysfunction is an independent risk factor for death that is additive to pulmonary hypertension. In this issue of Blood, Johnson and colleagues describe echocardiography and polysomnography results from 44 children with SCD. Because their echocardiograms were ordered for clinical ...
Heidemann Rüdiger - - 2010
This article describes a cell banking process for rBHK cell lines in 100-mL cryobags. As the use of larger volume cell banks requires greater cell numbers and longer preparation time, extensive characterization of key process parameters beyond the conventional ranges was performed to support a cGMP banking process. All experiments ...
Swensen Jeffrey J - - 2010
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a classic example of a disorder with recessive Mendelian inheritance, in which each parent contributes one mutant allele to an affected offspring. However, there are exceptions to that rule. We describe here the first reported case of conversion of inherited sickle cell trait to SCD ...
Woods Erik J - - 2010
AIM: The expansion of cellular therapeutics will require large-scale manufacturing processes to expand and package cell products, which may not be feasible with current blood-banking bag technology. This study investigated the potential for freezing, storing and shipping cell therapy products using novel pharmaceutical-grade Crystal Zenith((R)) (CZ) plastic vials. MATERIALS & ...
Tchir Jayme - - 2010
The maintenance of cell membrane integrity is an absolute minimum criterion for the selection of a successful cryopreservation process; however, it is often used as the sole determinant of cell "viability". Membrane stresses and strains that develop with cell volume fluctuations are only one component of the overall cellular response ...
Grein Tanja A - - 2010
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have some favorable characteristics like high plasticity, multilineage differentiation potential, and comparably easy handling in vitro, making them of interest for many clinical and therapeutic approaches including cell therapy. For routine applications, these cells have to be stored over a certain period of time without ...
Dissanayake Surangi C - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate whether vitrification in the cryopreservation of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells could be useful for tooth banking. In step 1, primary cultured human PDL cells were cryopreserved in 100% conventional cryopreservation media and 100% vitrification media (ESF40 media) in different temperatures for 2 ...
Menze Michael A MA Division of Cellular, Developmental, and Integrative Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. - - 2010
In species whose evolutionary history has provided natural tolerance to dehydration and freezing, metabolic depression is often a pre-requisite for survival. We tested the hypothesis that preconditioning of mammalian cells with 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-b-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR) to achieve metabolic depression will promote greater survivorship during cryopreservation. AICAR is used extensively to stimulate AMP-activated ...
Miyoshi Hirotoshi - - 2010
As a preliminary investigation to establish a cryopreservation method suited for bioartificial livers (BALs), three-dimensional (3-D) cryopreservation experiments with fibroblasts were performed, in which the cells were firstly seeded into a porous scaffold, and the scaffold containing the cells was then cryopreserved. After thawing, 65% of the initially applied cells ...
Ross-Rodriguez L U - - 2010
Cryopreservation plays a key role in the long-term storage of native and engineered cells and tissues for research and clinical applications. The survival of cells and tissues after freezing and thawing depends on the ability of the cells to withstand a variety of stresses imposed by the cryopreservation protocol. A ...
Hancocks Nichola H - - 2010
Fluorescent staining techniques were used for a systematic examination of methods used to cryopreserve microbial cell banks. The aim of cryopreservation here is to ensure subsequent reproducible fermentation performance rather than just post thaw viability. Bacillus licheniformis cell physiology post-thaw is dependent on the cryopreservant (either Tween 80, glycerol or ...
Ross-Rodriguez L U - - 2010
There is significant interest in designing a cryopreservation protocol for hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) which does not rely on dimethyl sulfoxide (Me(2)SO) as a cryoprotectant. Computer simulations that describe cellular osmotic responses during cooling and warming can be used to optimize the viability of cryopreserved HSC; however, a better understanding ...
Salaj Terezia - - 2010
Embryogenic tissues of hybrid firs were cryopreserved using a slow freezing protocol. The procedure involved preculture of tissues for 24, 48 or 72 h in media with different sorbitol concentrations (0.4 or 0.8 M) and addition of 5% (v/v) DMSO as cryoprotectant. The cell lines tested withstood cryopreservation, even though ...
Xu Xia - - 2010
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells have enormous potential for clinical applications. However, one major challenge is to achieve high cell recovery rate after cryopreservation. Understanding how the conventional cryopreservation protocol fails to protect the cells is a prerequisite for developing efficient and successful cryopreservation methods for hES cell lines and ...
Saragusty J - - 2010
Knowledge about the reproduction of the endangered pygmy hippopotamus is almost non-existent. This study takes the first step toward changing this by devising a protocol for the collection, evaluation, and short-term preservation of semen of this endangered species. Semen was collected successfully from seven bulls by electroejaculation, using a specially ...
Basco Maria Theresa G - - 2010
To investigate the effects of supercooling, a phase whereby cells are below 0 degrees C but still in a liquid state, and freezing, the phase when cells become solid, of vascular cells in culture. Bovine aortic endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells were supercooled to -10 degrees C with or ...
Lee Angus Yiu-Fai - - 2011
In mice, induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells with embryonic stem (ES)-like characteristics have been derived by ectopic expression of four transcription factors in somatic cells: Sox2, Oct3/4, Klf4 and/or c-Myc. To date, iPS cells have only be made from freshly harvested tissues and cells. However, if iPS cells could be ...
Yokomuro Hiroki - - 2010
Cell preservation is essential for successful cell transplantation and/or tissue engineering. We examined the effects of cryopreservation on the transplantation of human heart cells. Cells isolated from human atrial tissues were cultured for 15 days (control group), cryopreserved for 1 week, and rapidly thawed and cultured for 15 days. Proliferation ...
Dyson Simon Martin - - 2010
Sickle cell is a leading genetic condition, both globally and in England. Little research has been conducted into the experiences of young people with sickle cell at school. A mixed methods study (May 2007-September 2008) based on 569 questionnaires and 40 taped interviews with young people living with sickle cell ...
Milazzo J P - - 2010
Numerous parameters have to be tested to identify optimal conditions for prepubertal testicular tissue banking. Our study evaluated 19 different cryopreservation conditions for immature testicular tissue using a rapid screening method. Immature mice testes were cryopreserved using either 1,2-propanediol (PROH) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at a concentration of 0.75 or ...
Ibraheem N K - - 2010
Various drugs have been investigated in the treatment of sickle cell disease (SCD), such as hydroxyurea, piracetam and calcium antagonists. Most of these drugs are potentially toxic and are not suitable for long-term therapy. Recently, Nigella sativa (NS) has been reported to have calcium antagonist and antioxidant activities, both of ...
Tisu MatjaĆŸ - - 2010
The influence of power consumption on the volumetric mass transfer coefficient was studied in a 5 liter stirred tank bioreactor during cultivation of a recombinant Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell line, which requires low aeration and mixing intensity. Under these conditions and at high cell concentrations, oxygen mass transfer coefficient ...
Karimi-Busheri Feridoun - - 2010
Cancer stem cells are believed to be the driving force behind tumor progression and development. Despite extensive studies on the effects of cryopreservation on embryonic and hematopoietic stem cells there is only limited data that directly deals with in the cryopreservation of cancer stem cells. In this study, we looked ...
Pegg David E - - 2010
This paper discusses the role of ice crystal formation in causing or contributing to the difficulties that have been encountered in attempts to develop effective methods for the cryopreservation of some tissues and all organs. It is shown that extracellular ice can be severely damaging but also that cells in ...
Xu Feng - - 2010
Cells and tissues undergo complex physical processes during cryopreservation. Understanding the underlying physical phenomena is critical to improve current cryopreservation methods and to develop new techniques. Here, we describe multi-scale approaches for modelling cell and tissue cryopreservation including heat transfer at macroscale level, crystallization, cell volume change and mass transport ...
- - 2010
BTJ best cover contestBiotech paper watch:Triple knockout cell lines in one goTurning carbon dioxide into liquid fuelDual malaria/cholera vaccines from chloroplastAutomated single cell clone pickingDisulfide trapping of yeast surface proteinspH changes upon freezing of buffered solutionsIdentifying cancerspecific glycosylationp53, a double-edged sword in the fight against cancerMost read in BTJ:SUMOylation and ...
Terry Claire - - 2010
Cryopreservation of human hepatocytes is important for their use in hepatocyte transplantation. On thawing, cryopreserved hepatocytes often have reduced viability and metabolic function in comparison with fresh cells. The aim of this study was to modify the different steps in the standard cryopreservation procedure in an attempt to improve the ...
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