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Evans E - - 1984
Static and dynamic deformabilities of erythrocytes are important determinants of microcirculatory blood flow. To determine the influence of increased cellular hemoglobin concentration on these properties, we quantitated static and dynamic deformabilities of isolated subpopulations of oxygenated normal and sickle erythrocytes with defined cell densities using micromechanical manipulations of individual cells. ...
Harwell L W - - 1984
A method is described whereby cell fusions can be bulk-frozen shortly after the hybridization step. Recoveries are shown to be comparable to those obtained for control hybridomas cultured without freezing. Advantages are discussed in terms of labor distribution and antibody assay and evaluation strategies. It is further shown that peritoneal ...
Bator J M - - 1984
A Coulter Counter was modified to allow the photographing of erythrocytes as they exist the sizing orifice. These photographs provide the necessary information to determine the shape of individual cells. This data was combined on a cell-by-cell basis with the corresponding impedance signal to determine accurately both the cell size ...
Jeannesson P - - 1984
The antitumor compound adriamycin was found to induce differentiation-associated properties in human erythroleukemia K 562 cells. Studies on the relationship between drug concentration and the appearance of hemoglobin demonstrated that the more the rate of cell division was reduced during the 4 days of exposure, the higher was the accumulation ...
Wago H - - 1984
The significance of filopodial elongation of phagocytic granular cells of Bombyx mori in the progress of phagocytosis was investigated by regulating the degree of filopodial elongation with low temperature and cytochalasin B (CB). Elongation-inhibited cells were unable to ingest foreign cells such as sheep erythrocytes (SRBC), while cells having more ...
Wiseman G M - - 1984
Pilated gonococci added to human erythrocytes apparently bind to polypeptide band 3 and inhibit chloride-bicarbonate exchange across the membrane in contrast with nonpilated organisms. Known covalent inhibitors of anion transport (4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-disulphonic acid stilbene and alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid) inhibit chloride efflux from erythrocytes and also reduce hemagglutination titres, strongly suggesting that band ...
Brugnara C - - 1984
The red cells of two patients with homozygous hemoglobin C disease (CC) were found to have reduced cation and water content when compared to the red cells of two normal subjects that contained only hemoglobin A (AA). The reduction in cation content was of such a magnitude that the intracellular ...
McCarthy D M - - 1984
The effects of different methods of purifying peripheral blood granulocytes on their functional capacity after cryopreservation have been studied. The standard method of isolating granulocytes by centrifugation through Lymphoprep sensitizes cells to damage induced by subsequent cryopreservation. Some of this damage occurs during addition of cryoprotectant and we describe how ...
Milner P F - - 1984
Members of 7 large families, containing 20 patients with sickle cell anemia (SS) characterized by high levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF), were studied using immunofluorescence to count F cells and a radioimmunoassay to measure small amounts of HbF. In five of these families, one of the sickle cell trait (AS) ...
Frim J - - 1983
Difficulties in the successful freezing of human granulocytes could lie at two levels. One is that critical cryobiological variables have not yet been identified, the other is that the inconsistent results may be due to unusual biological aspects of the cell. This paper is concerned with the former. A prerequisite ...
Zucker R M - - 1983
Multiple hemoglobins are synthesized in the T3C12 murine erythroleukemic cells after induction with butyric acid and hemin. The pI values determined by IEF and globin composition of these hemoglobins suggests that A, E2, and E3 hemoglobins are synthesized in T3C12 cells. The embryonic mouse globins x, y, z and alpha ...
Skrabut E M - - 1983
Studies have been conducted to determine the effects of DMSO and freezing on the electrophoretic distribution of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Sodium [51Cr]chromate was used to label the cells, and the distributions of cell number and cell-associated radioactivity were determined. Cells treated with DMSO had a narrower distribution of electrophoretic ...
Franklin I M - - 1983
A dipeptide L-lysine-L-phenylalanine is shown to inhibit both cell sickling and the gelation of solutions of sickle-cell haemoglobin. The effect on deoxyhaemoglobin solutions and gels was followed by centrifugation; a progressive inhibition of gelation was observed up to 30 mM Lys-Phe. The haemoglobin concentration at the plateau (26 g/dl) suggests ...
Harvey B - - 1983
Single cells from the developing embryo of the zebra fish survive freezing when protected with 1 M DMSO and cooled to -196 degrees C in two steps. Cell survival drops from 85 to 26% when clumps of 5-10 cells are similarly frozen, and to 2% when isolated blastoderms are treated ...
Kaul D K - - 1983
To understand the contribution to the pathophysiology of sickle cell anemia of the different erythrocyte density types present in the blood of these patients, we have studied the viscosimetric and hemodynamic characteristics of four major classes of hemoglobin SS erythrocytes. We have isolated reticulocytes, discocytes, dense discocytes, and irreversibly sickled ...
Weiser G - - 1983
Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia was diagnosed in two horses on the basis of regenerative anemia, increased erythrocyte fragility in hypotonic saline, autoagglutination, and a positive direct antiglobulin (Coomb's) test. During steroid therapy partial resolution of the anemia was indicated by rising packed cell volume, macrocytosis, and bone marrow erythroid hyperplasia. Using ...
Franco R S - - 1983
Inositol hexaphosphate (IHP) binds to deoxyhemoglobin and markedly decreases the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen. We introduce here a method for incorporating this polyphosphate into erythrocytes, thus preparing very low affinity cells for use in respiration research. The method uses dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to facilitate entry of IHP. The cells ...
Dover G J - - 1983
Single-cell microscopic immunodiffusion assays were used to determine the cellular mechanisms that regulate fetal hemoglobin (HbF) levels in cultures of primitive and late erythroid precursors obtained from human adult bone marrow. Two variables--the percentage of cells containing HbF (F cells) and the picograms (pg) of HbF/F cell--were assayed in cells ...
Franks F - - 1983
DSC has been employed to study the effect of cooling on a range of cells under exclusion of extracellular ice and in the absence of chemical cryoprotectants. In contrast to earlier reports, all the cells studied were found to freeze at temperatures above that indicated for homogeneous nucleation of ice ...
Mazur P - - 1983
The general belief is that slow freezing injury is either the result of exposure to high salt concentrations or the result of excessive cell shrinkage. Increased salt concentration arises as increasing amounts of pure ice precipitate out of solution during freezing and cause the liquid-filled channels in which the cells ...
DeLoach J R - - 1983
Porcine carrier erythrocyte survival was measured in adult pigs. [14C]Sucrose-loaded erythrocytes had a biphasic survival curve, with as much as 50% of the cells removed from circulation in the first 24 hours. The remaining cells had a 35-day half-life. Encapsulation values were measured for porcine erythrocytes and entrapment of [14C]sucrose ...
Agger R - - 1983
Sheep red blood cells conjugated with protein A from Staphylococcus aureus were frozen in liquid nitrogen. After thawing these cells were used as indicator cells in a plaque-forming cell assay visualizing human B lymphocytes secreting IgG, IgM or IgA. The thawed erythrocytes performed as well in the assay as erythrocytes ...
Ehlers N - - 1983
The endothelium was studied by light- and electronmicroscopy in a cryopreserved cornea transplanted to a woman with herpetic keratitis and removed after 18 months because of wound dehiscence and epithelialization of the anterior chamber. The graft was perfectly transparent and of normal thickness. Light microscopy revealed the existence of a ...
Stiff P J - - 1983
Unfractionated bone marrow (BM) cells were cryopreserved in 1- to 2-ml aliquots using a mixture containing both 5% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) in an attempt to increase the viable cell yield and reduce the clumping after thawing, observed when 10% DMSO is used alone. Samples thawed after ...
McIntosh R P - - 1983
Procedures commonly used to extract LH from pituitary cells in order to measure total cell content were compared in four cell preparations. It was shown in 81 samples of cells suspended in 1 mM EDTA or 50 mM NaHCO3 that after freezing and thawing followed by any of a variety ...
Kiener A - - 1983
Exponentially growing cells of five methanogenic bacteria were plated on solid media with efficiencies greater than 80%. This permitted the determination of the oxygen sensitivity of these strains under standardized conditions involving the exposure of suspensions of starved cells in non-reduced buffer to air. The death curves of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, ...
Wood W G - - 1983
The most direct available approach to determine the cellular control of the switch from fetal to adult hemoglobin is to examine the pattern of hemoglobin synthesis by fetal hemopoietic cells after their transplantation to an adult animal. Such an experiment is potentially capable of distinguishing between several proposed hypotheses, and ...
Gulley M L - - 1982
The deformability of the erythrocyte (RBC) is greatly influenced by its state of hydration. The purpose of this investigation is to quantitate this relationship by measuring the deformability of an RBC population over a broad range of cell water content. By manipulation of the ion content of the RBC, we ...
Gentry M J - - 1982
Water and phosphate-buffered saline solution suspensions of early log-arithmic phase cells of Pasteurella haemolytica were incubated for 1 hour at various temperatures to remove capsular material with a minimum of cell lysis or death. Criteria used to determine capsular removal included change in agglutinability of the organism and disappearance of ...
Outlaw W H - - 1982
Guard cell pairs were dissected from freeze-dried leaves of plants representing 15 families, including monocots, dicots, and pteridophytes. All three major photosynthetic carbon pathways (C(2), C(4), and Crassulacean acid metabolism) were represented. These individual guard cell pairs were assayed quantitatively for ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase specific activity. Assay sensitivity averaged 0.08 picomoles ...
Weiser M G - - 1982
Serial erythrocyte volume distribution curves were used to characterize changes in erythrocyte subpopulations following the induction of Heinz body hemolytic anemia in cats. Macrocytes produced in response to hemolysis were observed after loss of reticulum. After recovery from hemolysis, a gradual reduction in mean cell size resulted from a combination ...
Johnson L N - - 1982
A review of the literature on sickle cell trait was completed by Sears in 1978. Since that time, several papers have been published concerning the possible health risks of sickle cell trait. Data presented from these studies show that there is no association with sickle cell trait and overall survival, ...
Clarke A - - 1982
The effects of freezing and thawing on a cell wall-less mutant (CW15+) of Chlamydomonas reinhardii were investigated by monitoring enzyme release, cell viability, cell ultrastructure, and lipid composition. Cells suspended in Euglena gracilis medium were extremely susceptible to freezing injury, the median lethal temperature in the presence of extracellular ice ...
Levin R L - - 1982
The successful freeze preservation of mammalian cells and tissues usually requires the presence of high concentrations of cryoprotective agents (CPAs) such as glycerol, ethylene glycol, or dimethylsulfoxide. Unfortunately, the addition of these permeable agents to cells and tissues prior to freezing and their removal after thawing has been documented to ...
Kline W E - - 1982
This work presents the second published report of an apparently healthy adult with an acquired B antigen. This case is unique because of the serial studies documenting the increase in strength of the B antigen, development of polyagglutinability, and absence of detectable gastrointestinal pathology. The cells of G.R., a 56-year-old ...
Scheiwe M W - - 1982
A freezing-stage has been developed for use on a standard light-microscope, which can provide reproducible, precisely linear cooling and warming rates in the range from 0.1 to 10,000 K/min. Biological cells in aqueous solutions can be observed during the freeze-thaw cycle; the volume loss due to osmotic efflux of water ...
Beaven M A - - 1982
Histamine production by purified intact rat peritoneal mast cells, as measured by formation of [beta-3H]histamine from [beta-3H]L-histidine or by release of 14CO2 from 14C-carboxyl-labeled histidine, was ten to thirty times greater than that of disrupted cells of soluble extracts of these cells. Loss of activity was evident whether cells were ...
Novicki D L - - 1982
Isolated parenchymal hepatocytes from adult rats were frozen in media containing 10% glycerol, 10% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), 20% DMSO. Thus microsome-associated functions were compared in nonfrozen cells and cells frozen in each of the above cryoprotectant solutions. Freezing in DMSO maintains cytochromes P-450 and b5 and NADPH-cytochrome C reductase at levels ...
Zalewski P D - - 1982
Trypsin treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) cells which have the capacity to rosette with mouse erythrocytes (M), the BM+ subtype, inhibits their capacity to rosette and releases a substance into the supernatant which agglutinates mouse and rat erythrocytes but not erythrocytes of five other species tested. This substance has ...
Goldstein J - - 1982
With an alpha-galactosidase, B erythrocytes can be converted to blood group O under conditions that neither impair their viability in vitro nor affect their ability to survive normally after transfusion to individuals of groups O, A, and B. Such an approach has the potential for producing enzymatically converted group O ...
Kumpati J - - 1982
Low oxygen affinity red cells were prepared by incorporating inositol hexaphosphate (IHP) into red blood cells (rbc) by means of a liposomal transport system. The effect of in vitro simulated exchange transfusions on sickling was studied with buffered red cell suspensions containing 50% SS cells and 50% test cells. Test ...
Matsubara M - - 1982
Topographical aspects and the time course of the healing processes in the corneal endothelium were studied in 31 cynomolgus monkey eyes. The corneal endothelium was damaged at the center by transcorneal freezing, using a probe with a tip diameter of 2.5 mm. Flat preparations of the endothelium stained with silver ...
Berger S A - - 1982
A model has been developed which couples the transport of oxygen in the capillaries to the motion of sickle cells. A Krogh model is used to model the oxygen transport, while the motion of the HbSS red cells is assumed to be determined by lubrication theory. Reversibly sickled cells are ...
Parkin J L - - 1982
The Gaucher cell results from the accumulation of excessive glucocerebroside in cells of the monocyte-macrophage system. It is characterized ultrastructurally by the presence of cytoplasmic inclusions which consist of tubule-like structures measuring 130 to 150 Ao in diameter. Utilizing freeze fracture and x-ray diffraction techniques these structures appear to be ...
Chien S - - 1982
The quantitative relationship between deoxygenation and rheological behavior of SS cell suspensions and concentrated HbS solutions has been studied under steady shear (viscosity eta) and oscillatory shear (complex viscosity with viscous component eta' and elastic component eta"). decrease of O2 saturation below 80-85% causes eta, eta' and eta" to increase ...
Karlberg I - - 1981
Rat-liver cells obtained through perfusion and collagenase treatment were frozen according to a fixed schedule and stored in liquid nitrogen at -196 degrees C. The metabolic capacity of the cells after thawing was tested by measuring their ability to achieve metabolic activation of cyclophosphamide, which in turn was measured as ...
Blomlöf L - - 1981
Different types of storage media have been studied for use in the replantation of exarticulated teeth. It was found that human periodontal ligament cells survived well in milk. Fifty percent of the cells were viable after 12 hours' storage in milk, while no cells were viable after three hours' storage ...
Bartosz G - - 1981
A method is proposed for the determination of nitroxide-reducing capacity (NRC) of erythrocytes, and other cells, based on measurements of reduction of a nitroxide stable free radical in cell suspensions by ESR spectroscopy. Comparison of different age fractions of bovine erythrocytes by this method demonstrates a decrease in NRC during ...
Rosen S D - - 1981
Fibroblast cells (BHK-21, Swiss 3T3, SV403T3, L929) will form rosettes by binding to erythrocytes of specific types. The specificity of binding varies with the cell line. Monolayer cultures of spread baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells also bind erythrocytes with the same specificity exhibited by suspended cells. Our studies have concentrated ...
Suzuki A - - 1981
The K562 cell line, which was established from a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia in blast crisis, was thought to be myeloid, but recent data indicate that it is an undifferentiated erythroid cell line. We have found that the glycosphingolipid content of these cells differs considerably from that of mature ...
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