Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 983
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Lasso J L - - 1994
Earlier studies on human sperm cryodamage have shown that plasma membrane stress is the primary process and that phospholipid peroxidation in cryopreserved samples is not inhibited by addition of antioxidants. One consistent effect of cryopreservation is loss of enzymatic activity of the peroxidation defense enzyme, superoxide dismutase (SOD). To clarify ...
Kromenaker S J - - 1994
Flow cytometry was used in combination with immunofluorescent staining for intracellular and surface-associated antibody contents to identify a significant non-producer cell fraction in a murine hybridoma cell line that had shown a decline in monoclonal antibody productivity with passaging. Viable producer cells stained for surface-associated antibody content were isolated by ...
Hong J S - - 1994
Normal and malignant human breast tissues were obtained from resection surgery and frozen on a directional solidification stage with controlled and uniform cooling rates. The frozen samples were freeze substituted and examined with a light microscope. It was observed that in both normal and malignant tissue, ice forms first in ...
Chen H - - 1994
Freeze-thaw transformation provides a simple and rapid method to transform Agrobacterium tumefaciens directly with plasmid DNA. Competent A. tumefaciens cells of strains LBA4404, GV3850 and EHA101 were transformed with four to nine plasmids differing in size, size of insert and in some cases sensitivity to antibiotics. A threefold to fourfold ...
Xue Q - - 1994
A scheme of using fluorescein as the fluorophore for indirect detection of anions was demonstrated. This system is quite stable at a fluorescein concentration of 100 microM even without any other buffer components. Different injection modes affect the limit of detection (LOD). A LOD of about 20 amol was obtained ...
Tanya V N - - 1994
Sheep erythrocytes stabilized by treatment with glutaraldehyde were used successfully in haemagglutination tests with Newcastle disease, and equine influenza viruses. The fixation enabled storage of the cells for at least 21 days without altering their agglutinable properties. Stability was best when the cells were stored at -114 degrees C in ...
Warley A - - 1994
X-ray microanalysis of cells in culture is being used increasingly for the study of relationships between element (ion) content and cell function. There is, however, no one single method which can be used for the preparation of all different cell types for study by microanalysis. Cells in suspension are usually ...
Samuel R E - - 1993
The kinetics of hemoglobin S gelation are critical in sickle disease because microvascular obstruction can be avoided if red blood cells pass these vessels during the delay time, before polymerization and gelation occur in sufficient degree to rigidify the cells. Kinetics, including the delay time and the closely related exponential ...
Goodrowe K L - - 1993
Maintenance of genetic diversity within endangered species is important for ensuring healthy populations. Because unexpected deaths can occur, it would be advantageous to salvage gametes to effect posthumous participation in species reproduction. Using the domestic cat as a model for nondomestic felids, this investigation was undertaken to determine epididymal sperm ...
Horiuchi K - - 1993
We analyzed, quantitatively by image analysis, the degree of irreversible deformation of red cells (SS cells) from patients with homozygous sickle cell disease, and studied the relationships among the degree of irreversible cell deformation, cell density, and Hb F level. SS cells from 25 patients (aged 1-36 years) whose Hb ...
Dong J F - - 1993
Human second trimester foetal brain tissue was stored for a period of 1-6 weeks under various conditions in an attempt to evaluate factors influencing its susceptibility (cell loss) and survivability. Post-storage viability of mesencephalon, striatum, cerebellum and occipital cortex was assessed by a protocol combining vital staining with cell density ...
Penfold L M - - 1993
A new method for the cryopreservation of mouse spermatozoa was developed using a modified egg-yolk TES-Tris diluent containing 0.1% sodium lauryl sulfate and 1.25% (v/v) glycerol (mouse sperm cryoprotectant, MSC). Epididymal spermatozoa collected from 10-week-old CBA males were frozen at a rate of 5 degrees C min-1 to 4 degrees ...
Acquaye C - - 1993
Cellulose columns have been used to separate erythrocytes into deformability classes, but recoveries have been variable and incomplete. Columns of modified cellulose (propylaminocarbonylmethyl cellulose [PAC] and butylisourea cellulose [BIC]) were effective in increasing the recovery of both normal and sickle cells applied to the columns, with reasonable yields of rigid ...
Curtis W R - - 1993
The results of rheological measurements on 10 different plant cell suspension cultures are presented. Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) suspension cultures grown in serial batch subculture display high viscosity and power law rheology. This "undesirable" rheology is shown to be a result of elongated cell morphology. The rheology of Papaver somniferum (poppy) ...
DeLoach J R - - 1993
Mouse and human erythrocytes are inherently different with respect to slow dialysis encapsulation used in preparing carrier erythrocytes. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran was added to five different stages of the encapsulation process to discern when endocytic vesiculation occurred. Mouse erythrocytes were much more unstable than human cells, with as many as ...
Kuo R C - - 1993
The effect of cryopreservation on agonist-induced receptor activation in mammalian cells was investigated with the Cytosensor microphysiometer, a biosensor that monitors cellular metabolic activity by measuring changes in extracellular pH. In this study, two different cell types--nonadherent TF-1 cells (from a human erythroleukemia patient) and adherent WT3 cells (CHO-K1 cells ...
Carroll J - - 1993
Primordial follicles were isolated from juvenile mouse ovaries and cryopreserved by slow freezing with dimethylsulphoxide as the cryoprotectant. After thawing, approximately 80% of the oocytes and 65% of the somatic cells excluded Trypan Blue dye, indicating that cell membranes were still intact. Frozen-thawed cells were suspended in plasma clots and ...
Gerber N - - 1993
A 15-year-old boy died during a vaso-occlusive sickle cell crisis after having received a prolonged infusion of morphine. Even in therapeutic doses, narcotics may cause significant respiratory acidosis and hypoxemia, enhancing polymerization of hemoglobin SS and thereby promoting sickling and vaso-occlusion. When narcotics are used during a sickle cell crisis, ...
Sheu T Y - - 1993
Lactobacillus bulgaricus cells were entrapped in beads of calcium alginate and evaluated for their ability to survive freezing processes. Cells survived freezing (without agitation) in ice milk mix much better than in distilled water, and more entrapped cells survived than did cells that were not entrapped. Glycerol and mannitol were ...
Sasaki D - - 1993
Two clones of the K562 human leukemic cell line were isolated according to hemoglobin (Hb) expression. One clone was expressed less than 5% (K562-L) and the other more than 90% (K562-H). The two clones did not exhibit any difference in cell growth or cell cycle. However, the Hb expression of ...
Diener B - - 1993
An optimized computer-controlled freezing protocol for the cryopreservation of rat liver parenchymal cells was developed. The best survival rates were obtained when a slow cooling rate was used and when the supercooling was interrupted with a shock cooling to initiate ice nucleation. Ten percent dimethyl sulfoxide was added and removed ...
Petrenko AYu - - 1993
Cryopreservation of isolated rat hepatocytes with dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) using a rapid two-step freezing protocol allows significant preservation of cell recovery and xenobiotic p-nitroanisole (p-NA) metabolism. A decrease in the rate of O-demethylation of p-NA after cryopreservation correlates with a change in cellular viability. A freeze-thaw procedure in the absence ...
Eleutherio E C - - 1993
Yeast cells are well known for their ability to survive complete dehydration, a phenomenon that is directly linked to the presence of the sugar trehalose in these cells. This sugar apparently endows the cells with the capacity to survive dehydration. Previous studies on in vitro models showed that trehalose must ...
Bain B J - - 1993
The blood films of patients with sickle cell-haemoglobin C disease (SC) were compared with those of patients with related haemoglobinopathies in order to establish the most characteristic features. The blood films from SC patients generally permitted the distinction from sickle cell anaemia (SS) but not necessarily from haemoglobin C disease ...
DeLoach J R - - 1993
Carrier erythrocytes are used to disseminate drugs in the circulatory system of animals. Carrier erythrocytes prepared from white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) do not circulate well in vivo. Although carrier cells were prepared from sickle and non-sickle cells with no apparent differences, their 24-hour survival was only 10 per cent. Osmotic ...
Kasai S - - 1993
This study aimed to develop methods for the large-scale preparation of hepatocytes from large animal livers and for the mass cryopreservation of isolated hepatocytes. Isolated hepatocytes were obtained from Beagle dogs weighing around 10 kg by collagenase digestion plus preperfusion with the Ca2+ chelator ethylene glycol bis N,N'-tetraacetic acid. The ...
Hviid L - - 1993
Protection of the functional integrity of mononuclear cells stored in liquid N2 requires careful control of the freezing procedure. Consequently, optimal quality of cryopreserved cells is usually assured by freezing according to a specified time-temperature gradient generated by computer-controlled freezing devices. While such equipment offers large capacity and secures maximum ...
Betticher D C - - 1993
Microcirculatory disorders are a common finding in sepsis. We have analysed the influence of two factors released in sepsis, endotoxin and tumour necrosis factor (TNF), on rheological properties of blood cells. The deformability of mixed cell suspensions, isolated erythrocytes, mononuclear cells, or polymorphonuclear leucocytes exposed to endotoxin and TNF in ...
Gandhi P A - - 1993
Serratia marcescens (11 of 12 strains) demonstrated an ability to grow in certain chlorhexidine-based disinfecting solutions recommended for rigid gas-permeable contact lenses. For a representative strain, cells that were grown in nutrient-rich medium, washed, and inoculated into disinfecting solution went into a nonrecoverable phase within 24 h. However, after 4 ...
Vasuthevan S - - 1992
PURPOSE: A modified two-step ultrarapid freezing technique was compared to the one-step ultrarapid freezing technique. Two-cell mouse embryos were frozen-thawed using the two freezing protocols, and postthaw cryoprotectant removal was carried out in either a single- or a multiple-step procedure. RESULTS: Statistically similar cryosurvival (96.95-100%) and blastocyst formation rates (87.95-91.47%) ...
Lee T T - - 1992
Intracellular fluid within single human erythrocytes is analyzed by capillary electrophoresis with laser-excited native protein fluorescence. Good signal-to-noise is achieved, allowing even minor components to be quantified. Non-Gaussian distributions were found for total protein, fraction carbonic anhydrase, fraction hemoglobin A0, and an unidentified component. Variations among a group of 29 ...
Gamzu R - - 1992
This study evaluated the impact of sperm cryopreservation on sperm quality. The HZA was used to test the binding capacity of fresh as opposed to frozen-thawed sperm from 12 donors. Fresh and frozen-thawed sperm motility was 47% +/- 1.5% and 24% +/- 3.8% (mean +/- SE), respectively. However, the number ...
Herrera M F - - 1992
BACKGROUND: To explain the decreased success of cryopreserved versus fresh parathyroid autotransplants, we investigated the effect of cryopreservation on parathyroid function. METHODS: Parathyroid cryopreserved tissue from surgical specimens of 18 patients was analyzed in a comparative fashion with 10 fresh abnormal glands. Cell viability was evaluated by a double-fluorescence technique, ...
Simione F P FP - - 1992
The long term maintenance of genetically stable cells is important for ensuring reproducible results and continuity in the advance of microbiology, cell biology and biotechnology. As actively growing cultures, cells are constantly at risk of changing, and the necessity for subculturing living materials increases the chances for genetic change and ...
Carpenter J F - - 1992
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are extremely efficient at inhibiting ice recrystallization in frozen solutions. Knight and Duman [Knight, C. A. & Duman, J. G. (1986) Cryobiology 23, 256-263] have proposed that this may be an important function of the proteins in freeze-tolerant organisms. We have tested this proposal in vitro by ...
Walker K W - - 1992
A solid phase cellular ELISA was designed and evaluated for the detection of antibodies specific for cell surface determinants. It was hypothesized that certain fixation and freezing procedures would result in stabilization of cell structures for prevention of antigen diffusion and extraction during washing procedures. This would assure assay accuracy ...
Zhang G - - 1992
Our previous studies showed that the common maize (Zea mays L.) sperm isolation medium (Brewbaker and Kwack salts in 0.44 m sucrose without buffering) caused cell lysis in vitro. In an attempt to remedy this situation, 6 sugars, 10 buffers, 5 pH values, and 3 membrane protective agents were screened ...
Park C H - - 1992
Continuous permeabilization of preconditioned Coleus blumei cells with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is shown to be an effective strategy for the enhanced release of rosmarinic acid (RA) while preserving cell viability. When nonpreconditioned cells were permeabilized with DMSO, they lost their viability at DMSO concentrations higher than a critical value located ...
Dinges H P - - 1992
A method has been established for storage and preservation of cytological specimens in liquid nitrogen and further processing for immunocytochemistry as smears prepared from thawed cells or cryo-sections of frozen cell pellets. For the experiments cultured cells of a T-lymphoblastic leukemia cell line (ATCC CCL 119) and blood cells of ...
Sassen K - - 1992
Supercooled droplets in cirrus uncinus cell heads between -40 degrees and -50 degrees C are identified from Project FIRE [First ISCCP (International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project) Regional Experiment] polarization lidar measurements. Although short-lived, complexes of these small liquid cells seem to have contributed importantly to the formation of the cirrus. ...
Utesch D - - 1992
The metabolism of testosterone and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) which is mediated by diverse enzymes was determined in cryopreserved rat liver parenchymal cells and compared with that found in freshly isolated cells. In addition, the activities of single xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes were measured by using specific substrates. The cytochrome P450 (P450)-mediated total metabolic ...
Hite D R - - 1992
Guard cells and palisade cells were dissected from freeze-dried leaflets of the broad bean, Vicia faba L. Individual cell samples (6-12 ng) were assayed for ATP-dependent and pyrophosphate-dependent phosphofructokinases. The assay indicator, NADH loss, was monitored in real time in oil droplets with a computer-driven microfluorometer. On a protein basis, ...
Preti R A - - 1992
Using 24 bone marrow (BM) harvests intended for cryopreservation and transplantation, we compared the use of the Cobe 2991 cell washer (2991) and the Haemonetics V50 apheresis system (HV50) for automated BM processing. Our in vitro data indicate that while the mononuclear cell (MNC) concentration of the HV50 product was ...
Adams J - - 1992
The biological effects of four commercially available artificial tear formulations were evaluated using sensitive in vitro techniques. Two of the formulations contained ingredients implicated in cell damage; the other two products were not chemically preserved, and their components have not been reported to damage corneal tissue. We assayed the effects ...
Itoh T - - 1992
Although the rheologic behavior of sickle erythrocytes (SS cells) is highly dependent on oxygen tension (pO2) and temperature, very little data exist regarding the effects of deoxygenation and reoxygenation on the rheology of "individual" SS cells at body temperature. We have devised and assessed a new experiment system, in which ...
Watson P F - - 1992
Measurements were made of critical osmolality, the osmolality at which 50% of the cells are lysed, and of the permeation time, the time taken to lyse 50% of the cells in an osmotic solution lower than the critical osmolality, for fowl and bull spermatozoa. Cell lysis was determined by means ...
Crescenzo D G - - 1992
Cryopreserved allograft valves are increasingly being used as valvular replacements. Leaflet fibroblast viability has been suggested to influence clinical durability. The warm ischemic time is thought to be a critical determinant of this cell viability. The purpose of this study was to apply quantitative morphometric methods to characterize, by transmission ...
Evavold B D - - 1992
We have generated cloned Th1 cells, Th2 cells, and T cell hybridomas specific for the single immunogenic peptide from the beta-chain of murine hemoglobin (Hb(64-76)). The availability of these various types of T cells provided us an unique opportunity to examine and dissect the T cell response to an immunogenic ...
Casati A - - 1992
Cytogenetic investigation was carried out on fibroblasts stored in liquid nitrogen during a period of 7-99 months. Cell strains were from 9 individuals, 2 of whom were affected by xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC), and 2 XPC heterozygotes. In cell samples from 3 normal subjects and from 1 patient, high ...
Venkataraman M - - 1992
To determine the true usefulness of the commercially available inexpensive freezing unit (Mr Frosty) for cryopreservation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), functional assays were carried out on cells that were frozen in this unit. The responses of these cells were compared with those of controlled rate frozen and fresh ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >