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Results 451 - 500 of 1033
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Kutter Dolphe - - 2002
The double laser beam diffraction of spherized RBC used in the ADVIA 120 haematological analyser allows quantitation of cells aberrant not only by their volume but also by their haemoglobin concentration. The present investigation provides arguments for the identification of hyperchromic RBC as spherocytes, mainly the close relation between % ...
Morita Yuko - - 2002
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the PUT1-encoded proline oxidase and the PUT2-encoded delta1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase are required to convert proline to glutamate. We recently showed that a put1 disruptant accumulated higher levels of proline intracellularly and conferred higher resistance to freezing stress. Here, we determined the effect of put2 disruption on yeast cell ...
Aidulis D - - 2002
It is essential to have some method of preservation of allograft valves during the time between procurement and implantation. Cryopreservation is the most commonly-used storage method today but it has the major disadvantage of high cost, and because its aim is to preserve living cells only relatively gentle antimicrobial treatments ...
Liu H - - 2002
Chimeric oligonucleotides have been used successfully to correct point and frameshift mutations in several cell types, as well as in animal and plant models. However, their application to primitive human blood cells has been limited. In this investigation, chimeric oligonucleotides designed to direct a site-specific nucleotide exchange in the human ...
Agrawal S C - - 2002
Lack of nitrogen, phosphorus, or all nutrients, extremes of pH (< 4, > 11), presence of 'heavy' metals (Co, Cu, Zn, Hg, Pb; 0.5-10 ppm) or pesticides (carbofuran, 2,4-D, dithane, phorate, or bavistin; 1-50 ppm) decreased to various extent or completely inhibited the survival or vegetative cells in all studied ...
D'Ancona Lunetta G - - 2002
In Holothuria polii, the periesophageal ring is an important organ supplying spherule cells after stimulation with foreign material. In animals injected with formalinized sheep erythrocytes, in fact, a depletion of spherule cells is observed in the periesophageal ring, whereas in the connective tissue, in the external epithelium and around the ...
Kaneta T - - 2001
The development of an optical channel, a new analytical technique for evaluating the elasticity of biological cells, is described in this study. Two types of erythrocyte cells, i.e., young and old cells, were examined via their introduction into a flowing medium, to which a laser beam was focused in the ...
Ashworth Edward N - - 2002
Low-temperature scanning-electron microscopy was used to study the freezing of leaves of five species that have no resistance to freezing: bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.), cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), and corn (Zea mays L.). In the leaves of the four dicotyledonous species, ice ...
Davis D J - - 2001
Although it is often assumed that survival of freezing requires that ice formation must be restricted to extracellular compartments, fat body cells from freeze-tolerant larvae of the gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis (Diptera, Tephritidae) survive intracellular freezing. Furthermore, these cells are highly susceptible to inoculative freezing by external ice, undergo extensive ...
Kunicka J - - 2001
It is necessary to develop methods for accurate monitoring of cell-free hemoglobin in circulation. Routine monitoring of circulating cell-free hemoglobin will be useful for evaluating the efficacy of blood substitute administration andfor determining the clearance rates of the blood substitute from circulation. In addition, discriminating between cell-free hemoglobin and cell-associated ...
Zabzdyr J L - - 2001
Capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection was used to monitor gene expression in individual mammalian cells using the reverse transcriptasepolymerase chain reaction. Specifically, beta-actin expression in single LNCaP (prostate cancer) cells was measured. A sieving matrix containing hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose was used to effect size-based separation. Ethidium bromide fluorescence of ...
Wewetzer K - - 2001
Standard cryopreservation protocols recommend the use of dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) at moderate temperatures only (room temperature, 4 degrees C) due to its toxicity which appears to be potentiated by warm temperatures. In the present study, we asked whether a transient increase in temperature during membrane sealing of cryovials affects the ...
Al-Forkan M - - 2001
This study shows that adding haemoglobin solution (Erythrogen) to post-thaw medium of Indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) cells enhances survival following cryopreservation. Haemoglobin (1:50 - 1:200 v:v) had a beneficial effect on post-thaw viability and subsequent cell growth. A key finding was that the successful recovery from cryopreservation of cell ...
Lindley E M - - 2001
Cumulus cells have been shown to be beneficial for blastocysts formation in co-cultures but information on cumulus cryopreservation is lacking. The objective was to use the fixed cell comet assay to analyze for DNA damage in cumulus cells after cryopreservation. Discarded cumulus cells from follicular aspirates obtained during assisted reproduction ...
Gordon S L - - 2001
As cell therapies advance from research laboratories to clinical application, there is the need to transport cells and tissues across long distances while maintaining cell viability and function. Currently cells are successfully stored and shipped under liquid nitrogen vapor. The ability to store these cells in the desiccated state at ...
Odintsova N - - 2001
Primary cell cultures obtained from somatic and larval tissues of bivalve molluscs and from embryos of sea urchins were frozen to -196 degrees C by two-step freezing using 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or/and trehalose (3-30 mg/ml) as cryoprotectants. We estimated both cell viability and the RNA synthetic activity after freeze-thaw. ...
Zhang Y X - - 2001
Rice embryogenic suspension cells were successfully cryopreserved by a pregrowth-desiccation procedure. Cells were precultured in liquid AA medium containing 0.175 mol/L sucrose for 3 d and then in liquid AA medium containing 0.4 mol/L sorbitol for 1 d. After air-drying for about 20 h to a water content of 10%, ...
Gu M B - - 2001
A recombinant bioluminescent bacteria, containing a fabA::luxCDABE fusion gene, has been used to characterize freeze-drying methods, which may be conveniently used as a tool for the development of a portable biosensor. Through residual water, viability, biosensing activity and scanning electron microscopy analyses, the characteristics that four cryoprotectants, trehalose, sucrose, sorbitol, ...
Abadias M - - 2001
Viability, efficacy against Penicillium expansum on Golden Delicious apples, and storage stability of freeze-dried Candida sake strain CPA-1 were studied. The effect of several protective agents and rehydration media was investigated in the freeze drying of C. sake. Skimmed milk at 10% concentration was a good rehydration medium for all ...
Ruan L Z - - 2001
Twisted homogeneously planar-aligned nematic liquid-crystal cells are cooled into the smectic- A phase. The expected defective structure does not form. Instead the cells still show good optical-guiding characteristics. Exploration of the cells using a half-leaky guided-mode arrangement reveals that the liquid-crystal phase separates into three or more regions. Adjacent to ...
Abadias M - - 2001
The effects of freezing method, freeze drying process, and the use of protective agents on the viability of the biocontrol yeast Candida sake were studied. Freezing at -20 degrees C was the best method to preserve the viability of C. sake cells after freeze drying using 10% skim milk as ...
Yokoyama W M - - 2001
Laboratories interested in working with in vitro cultured cells must be able to freeze and thaw cell lines. Such capabilities are necessary to maintain the constancy of the cells since prolonged culture may result in phenotypic and genotypic changes. In addition, cell freezing minimizes problems with contamination as well as ...
Kravchenko L P - - 2001
Investigations were carried out on the respiratory function of isolated rat hepatocytes after cold storage alone for periods up to 48 h in either sucrose-based solution (SBS) or University of Wisconsin (UW) solution and after subsequent normothermic preincubation. In both SBS and UW, cold storage for 24 h depressed respiratory ...
Fuller S A - - 2001
Liquid nitrogen storage is the method of choice for long-term safekeeping of hybridoma cell lines. Frozen aliquots of originally isolated hybridomas provide insurance against loss of antibody production and vigor during culture. There are many variations of cell freezing methods in use. However, for freezing and recovering hybridomas and lymphoid ...
Puhlev I - - 2001
The ability to desiccate mammalian cells while maintaining a high degree of viability would have implications for many areas of biological science, including tissue engineering. Previously, we reported that introduction of the genes for trehalose biosynthesis allowed human cells in culture to be reversibly desiccated for up to 5 days. ...
Fuller S A - - 2001
Liquid nitrogen storage is the method of choice for long-term safekeeping of hybridoma cell lines. Frozen aliquots of originally isolated hybridomas provide insurance against loss of antibody production and vigor during culture. There are many variations of cell freezing methods in use. However, for freezing and recovering hybridomas and lymphoid ...
Fernández Murga M L - - 2001
Lactobacillus acidophilus CRL 640 grown at the optimal temperature of 37 degrees C (M37) appeared more sensitive to freeze-thawing than when it was grown at 25 degrees C (M25). In the first case, 87% of the cells died, in contrast to 33% for cells grown at 25 degrees C. All ...
Cheng T C - - 2001
Conditions were developed to cryopreserve cells from pronase-dissociated atria and ventricles of eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica). The effect of three concentrations (5, 10, 15%) of the cryoprotectants (dimethyl sulfoxide, glycerol, and propylene glycol), three thawing temperatures (25, 45, 75 degrees C), and three cooling rates (slow, medium, fast) were compared. ...
Ganapamo F - - 2001
Autoreactive cell lines were generated from cell suspensions of freshly isolated naive monkey lymph node (LN) cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells by cocultivation with freeze-thawed Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes (Bb/FT). These cells produced interleukin (IL)-6 when cocultured with autologous antigen-presenting cells (APCs) alone without Bb/FT. IL-6 production was not observed ...
Bischof J - - 2001
Cellular level freeze injury was investigated after controlled freezing of an Eker rat uterine fibroid cell line in both the presence and absence of oestradiol. The connection between thermal history and cell injury in single ELT-3 cells in suspension (without oestradiol) was studied through a two-level, four-parameter (2(4)) experiment with ...
Bincoletto C - - 2001
We have studied the effects of hydroxyurea on growth and differentiation of early erythroid progenitor cells (BFU-e) from peripheral blood of sickle cell disease patients (five SS and two Hb S/beta-thalassemia) in the presence or absence of exogenous stimulating factors. When the mononuclear cells from the sickle cell disease patients ...
HOLTZCLAW, JOHN DAVID
Over the past twenty years, studies investigating sickle cell pathophysiology have primarily focused on the dehydration process. Although this has lead to some significant insight into the sickling process and new therapeutic treatments, we still lack a fundamental understanding of the disease. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies have ...
Ng, Matthew
Supercritical fluids have unique properties which may make them ideal as reaction media for biotransformation or extractive solvents. Supercritical fluids are ideal for reducing diffusivity limitations over conventional fluids. Depending on the polarity of the fluid, a supercritical fluid can be similar to conventional organic solvents, but with few of ...
Kim S I - - 2001
A simple cryopreservation method for suspension cells of Taxus chinensis was established. In this procedure 7 days old suspension cells were used without any pre-culture treatment. At first, cells were incubated in cryoprotectant solution (0.5M DMSO and 0.5M glycerol) on ice for 30 min and then frozen at a cooling ...
Yang H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Current procedures for the cryopreservation of umbilical cord blood (UCB) progenitor cells, which are based on techniques used for BM, have had varying degrees of success (survival 9-118%). Improving the effectiveness of UCB cell therapies demands a more comprehensive understanding of freezing injury during cryopreservation. METHODS: Leukocyte concentrates from ...
Baust J M - - 2001
The requirement for more effective cryopreservation (CP) methodologies in support of the emerging fields of cell bioprocessing and cell therapy is now critical. Current CP strategies appropriately focus on minimizing the damaging actions of physicochemical stressors and membrane disruption associated with extra- and intracellular ice formation that occurs during the ...
Suzuki Y - - 2001
The rouleau formation of erythrocytes and the erythrocyte sedimentation were examined for mixture of different kinds of the cells suspended in isotonic phosphate-buffered saline containing 1 or 2 g/dl dextran T-70 (MW = 70,400) and 4 g/dl albumin, using a low shear rheoscope and the Westergren method, respectively. The deformability ...
Zhao J - - 2001
The use of human hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) for transplantation requires efficient recovery methods and cryopreservation procedures. The purpose of this study was to determine cryopreservation techniques for fetal human liver (FHL) CD34(+) cells. We assessed FHL HPC recovery efficiency after freezing and thawing by viability testing, fluorescence-activated cell sorting ...
Lawrence R A - - 2001
The immunoprotective constituents of human milk are stable when stored at room temperature for 8 hours, when stored at 0 degree-4 degrees C for three days, or when frozen at -20 degrees C for 12 months. They are also stable during pasteurization at 56 degrees C for 30 minutes. Sonification ...
Koopmans J - - 2001
In this study we examined the efficacy of cryopreserving porcine fetal mesencephalic tissue. After microscopical dissection of the ventral mesencephalon (VM) from E28 pig fetuses, the collection of explants was randomly divided into two equal parts. One part was directly prepared as cell suspension. The other part was stored in ...
Ross E J - - 2001
Nonsymbiotic hemoglobins (ns-Hbs) previously have been found in monocots and dicots; however, very little is known about the tissue and cell type localization as well as the physiological function(s) of these oxygen-binding proteins. We report the immunodetection and immunolocalization of ns-Hbs in rice (Oryza sativa L.) by Western blotting and ...
Saeed A M - - 2000
To use adult somatic cloning technology in animal breeding, this technology should be complemented with nuclear donor cell cryopreservation. Two different conventional nonequilibrium methods (vitrification, V: 3.58M EG and 2.82M DMSO in PBS plus 20% FCS and rapid-freezing, RF: 0.25M sucrose, 2.25M EG and 2.25M DMSO in PBS plus 20% ...
Kawahara H - - 2000
Inactivation of the ice-nucleating activity of Pseudomonas fluorescens KUIN-1 by compounds in the leaves from coniferous trees were investigated, and the inactivated material was identified. Intact cells of the strain KUIN-1 and the acetone or methanol extracts of leaves of various coniferous trees were allowed to react for 30 min ...
Franco R S - - 2000
Sickle red blood cells (RBCs) become depleted of potassium, leading to dehydration and abnormally elevated cellular density. The increased sickling that results is important for both hemolysis and vasocclusion. In this study, sickle cells were subjected to high-speed centrifugation, and the bottom 15% were isolated. This procedure removed light cells ...
Park J C - - 2000
Abstract: An efficient method for specifically determining the viability of endothelial cells (EC) from cells dissociated from the human saphenous vein was investigated. Three different methods, trypan blue staining assay, [3H]-proline incorporation assay, and flow cytometry (FCM), combined with the fluorescein isothiocyanate conjugated with Griffonia simplicifolia agglutins (GS1-FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) ...
Park J C - - 2000
To determine applicability of the cryopreservation procedure for vessel grafts, the viability of endothelial cells (ECs) among the whole cells in three kinds of organs artery, vein, trachea in mongrel dogs was evaluated on the basis of histological analysis. The Griffonia simplicifolia agglutins-fluorescein isothiocyanate (GSA-FITC) and propidium iodide (PI) double ...
Cabezudo E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of freezing mobilized peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) components at higher cell concentrations than are classically recommended for bone marrow. This approach might have potential benefits, such as lower cost of processing and storage and less risk of the ...
Miller M W - - 2000
This project tested the hypothesis that human erythrocytes, being larger than bovine erythrocytes, would be the more sensitive to sonolysis induced by inertial cavitation. The rationale behind this hypothesis was an earlier demonstration that, among sized populations of erythrocytes, an inverse relation existed between erythrocyte volume and mechanically-induced shear forces ...
Cerrutti P - - 2000
The effects of vacuum-drying and freeze-drying on the cell viability of a commercial baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, strain with different endogenous contents of trehalose were analyzed. An osmotolerant Zygosaccharomyces rouxii strain was used for comparative purposes. Higher viability values were observed in cells after vacuum-drying than after freeze-drying. Internal concentrations ...
Bâati L - - 2000
Slow cooling rate and pre-freezing stress brings about a high increase in the cell resistance and preservation of their physiological characteristics. A brutal decrease in temperature (from 37 degrees C to - 80 degrees C) causes a considerable loss of cell viability, in contrast a slow one preserves a survival ...
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