Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2406
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Bellow Sébastien - - 2012
Accurate localization of phytoalexins is a key for better understanding their role. This work aims to localize stilbenes, the main phytoalexins of grapevine. The cellular localization of stilbene fluorescence induced by Plasmopara viticola, the agent of downy mildew, was determined in grapevine leaves of very susceptible, susceptible, and partially resistant ...
Tong Yin Y Institute of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2012
The efficacy of the Akt inhibitor perifosine against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells and its mechanisms of action are unknown. In this study, the cytotoxic effects of perifosine on CML and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines were compared to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the differences. Human AML cell lines ...
Blivet-Van Eggelpoël Marie-José - - 2012
Sorafenib is the standard of care for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, primary and acquired resistance is observed in patients. We examined whether gefitinib, which inhibits both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-3 phosphorylation, could improve HCC cell response to sorafenib. Sorafenib and gefitinib were tested ...
Pressey Joseph G JG Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, - - 2013
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is characterized by features of skeletal muscle and is comprised of two major histological subtypes, embryonal (E-RMS), and alveolar (A-RMS). Subsets of each RMS subtype demonstrate resistance to multimodal therapy leading to treatment failure. Cancer stem cells or cancer-initiating cells (CIC) represent a theorized population of cells that ...
Sun Nian-Kang - - 2012
In the present study, we observed that the Golgi-SNARE GS28 forms a complex with p53 in HEK293 cells. Given that p53 represents a tumor suppressor involved in sensitivity to various chemotherapeutic drugs, we examined whether GS28 may be implicated in resistance to the DNA-damaging drug cisplatin, whereas no sensitization effect ...
Bhatia Prateek - - 2012
The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), an ATP binding cassette (ABC) efflux transporter, plays a role in multiple drug resistance (MDR). Previous studies of the subcellular location of the ABC transporter P-glycoprotein indicated that this protein is expressed in nuclear membranes. This study examines the nuclear distribution of BCRP in ...
Filipczak Piotr Teodor - - 2012
Human HSPA2 is a member of the HSPA (HSP70) family of heat-shock proteins, encoded by the gene originally described as testis-specific. Recently, it has been reported that HSPA2 can be also expressed in human somatic tissues in a cell-type specific manner. The aim of the present study was to find ...
Sodani Kamlesh - - 2012
The overexpression of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters often leads to the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) and results in a suboptimal response to chemotherapy. Previously, we reported that lapatinib (GW572016), a human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), significantly reverses MDR in cancer cells ...
McDonnell Marie E ME Department of Medicine and Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Nutrition and Weight Management, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2012
Accumulation of macrophages and T cells within crown-like structures (CLS) in subcutaneous adipose tissue predicts disease severity in obesity-related insulin resistance (OIR). Although rodent data suggest the B cell is an important feature of these lesions, B cells have not been described within the human CLS. In order to identify ...
Zhang Yifeng - - 2012
Electric energy can be harvested from aquatic sediments by utilizing microbial fuel cells (MFCs). A main challenge of this application is the limited voltage output. In this study, an innovative self-stacked submersible MFC (SSMFC) was developed to improve the voltage generation from lake sediments. The SSMFC successfully produced a maximum ...
Kim Jeehwan - - 2012
The viability of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as a transparent conducting electrode on a-Si:H based single junction solar cells was explored. A Schottky barrier formed at a SWCNT/a-Si:H interface was removed by introducing high work function gold nanodots at the SWCNT/a-Si:H interface. This allows comparable device performance from SWCNT-electrode-based a-Si:H ...
Yamauchi Yoshikane - - 2012
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is known to be widely resistant to therapy and new treatment strategies are needed. Curcumin, which has a long history as a dietary spice is known to suppress the growth of multiple cancer lines, but the effects on mesothelioma cells are not well defined. In the present ...
Minami Toshiyuki - - 2012
Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) easily acquires multidrug resistance after successful initial therapy. Overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters is important for the multidrug resistance. Among them, ABCB1 and ABCG2 are known to be upregulated in chemoresistant SCLC. We found that human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expressions are ...
Huang Shile - - 2012
Comment on: Zhang Y, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:594-603.
Cetintas Vildan B - - 2012
We have investigated defective steps in apoptosis that might account for the development of resistance. For this purpose, A549 and Calu1 NSCLC (non-small-cell lung cancer) cell lines were treated with cisplatin to obtain resistant sub-lines. Gene expression profiles and the phosphorylation status of the BAD (Bcl-2/Bcl-XL-antagonist, causing cell death) protein ...
Stovbun S V - - 2012
Strings, anisometric structures with length-diameter ratio of 10(1)-10(5) are formed in some homochiral solutions at a concentration of 10(-3)-10(-2) M. We studied macroscopic properties of strings (strength, charge at the ends, etc.) and showed that these strings can provide a power commutation of cells. The strength and electrostatic driving force ...
Manfé Valentina - - 2012
P53 is rarely mutated in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and is therefore a promising target for innovative therapeutic approaches. Nutlin-3a is an inhibitor of MDM2 (human homolog of murine double minute 2), which disrupts its interaction with p53, leading to the stabilization and activation of p53. To investigate the potential ...
Murphy Robert F - - 2012
Despite the clinical success of platinum-containing drugs in the treatment of solid tumors, acquired resistance remains a major obstacle. We previously identified a group of novel transplanaramine or transplatinum compounds based on distinct activity profiles in the NCI-60 panel. In the present study, parental KB-3.1 cells with wild-type p53 and ...
Falso Miranda J Sarachine - - 2012
Recurrence is a common problem in bladder cancer; this has been attributed to cancer stem cells. In this study, we characterized potential cancer stem cell populations isolated from three cell lines that demonstrate different responses to cisplatin. The ALDEFLUOR® assay was used to isolate cells from TCCSUP, T24, and 5637 ...
Hong Sung-Hyeok - - 2012
The complexity of the process of metastasis is widely recognized. We report herein on a recurrent feature of high compared to low metastatic cells that is linked to their ability to survive early after their arrival at secondary sites. Using novel fluorescent-based imaging strategies that assess tumor cell interaction with ...
Robinson Michael W MW Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, University of Toledo College of Medicine, 3000 Arlington Ave., Toledo, Ohio 43614, - - 2012
Methuosis is a novel caspase-independent form of cell death in which massive accumulation of vacuoles derived from macropinosomes ultimately causes cells to detach from the substratum and rupture. We recently described a chalcone-like compound, 3-(2-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-one (i.e., MIPP), which can induce methuosis in glioblastoma and other types of cancer cells. Herein, ...
Jung M-J - - 2012
The hypothesis of cancer stem cells has been proposed to explain the therapeutic failure in a variety of cancers including lung cancers. Previously, we demonstrated acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, a feature highly reminiscent of cancer stem-like cells, in gefitinib-resistant A549 cells (A549/GR). Here, we show that A549/GR cells contain a ...
Das Swagatika - - 2012
A series of bis[3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-oxo-1-piperidinyl]amides 1 display potent cytotoxic properties towards a wide range of tumours. A number of the CC(50) and IC(50) values are in the range of 10(-8) M. Specifically, these compounds have the following important properties. First, greater toxicity was demonstrated towards certain tumours than various non-malignant cells. Second, ...
Lobez Jose M - - 2012
The motivation of this study is to determine if small amounts of designer additives placed at the polymer-fullerene interface in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells can influence their performance. A series of AB-alternating side-chain-functionalized poly(thiophene) analogues, P1-6, are designed to selectively localize at the interface between regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (rr-P3HT) and ...
Li Xin-Xing - - 2012
The cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis proposes that CSCs, which can renew themselves proliferate infinitely, and escape chemotherapy, become the root of recurrence and metastasis. Previous studies have verified that side population (SP) cells, characterized by their ability to efflux lipophilic substrate Hoechst 33342, to share many characteristics of CSCs ...
Fouque Emilie - - 2012
Free-living amoebae are protozoa found in soil and water. Among them, some are pathogenic and many have been described as potential reservoirs of pathogenic bacteria. Their cell cycle is divided into at least two forms, the trophozoite and the cyst, and the differentiation process is named encystment. As cysts are ...
Wang Fang F State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510060, P. R. - - 2012
S1-M1-80 cells, derived from human colon carcinoma S1 cells, are mitoxantrone-selected ABCG2-overexpressing cells and are widely used in in vitro studies of multidrug resistance(MDR). In this study, S1-M1-80 cell xenografts were established to investigate whether the MDR phenotype and cell biological properties were maintained in vivo. Our results showed that ...
Gill Kanwaldeep K - - 2012
Concurrent combination of chemotherapeutic drugs is a promising alternative to single-agent therapies in cancer. In the present study, paclitaxel and parthenolide were loaded into mixed micelles and tested against taxol sensitive (A549) and resistant (A549-T24) NSCLC cell lines. Combination chemotherapy was further evaluated by isobologram analyses and combination index calculations. ...
Gar-Lee Yue Grace - - 2012
Multidrug resistance is a major problem in hepatocellular carcinoma. Hedyotiscone A, a compound isolated from Chinese herbal medicine Hedyotis corymbosa (HC, family Rubiaceae), was used as the chemical marker to distinguish between HC and an anticancer herb Hedyotis diffusa (HD) in our previous study. The present study aimed to investigate ...
Sarmento-Ribeiro A B - - 2012
The involvement of apoptosis in the cytotoxicity mediated by nucleoside analogues, namely azaguanine, and its implication in resistance are not well understood. Using human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines, sensitive (CEM cells) and resistant to azaguanine (CM3 cells), we observe a decrease in the expression of proapoptotic proteins in ...
Vandenbosch Davy - - 2012
Previous research has shown that 1% to 10% of sessile Candida albicans cells survive treatment with high doses of miconazole (a fungicidal imidazole). In the present study, we investigated the involvement of sphingolipid biosynthetic intermediates in this survival. We observed that the LCB4 gene, coding for the enzyme that catalyzes ...
Racicot Karen - - 2012
PROBLEM: Dairy cattle suffer from high percentages of early embryonic loss, and therefore, it is critical to study the function of the uterus at this time. We hypothesize that the antiviral protein, myxovirus resistance (MX)1, regulates secretion in uterine glandular cells during early pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: Uterine epithelial cells ...
Ozawa Yoichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Indisulam (N-(-3-chloro-7-indolyl)-1,4-benzenedisulfonamide; E7070) is an experimental anticancer agent. Microarray analysis indicates that indisulam downregulates several genes involved in drug resistance, and this finding led us to test the effect of combining indisulam with other anticancer drugs. We investigated the antitumor effect and mechanism of synergism when indisulam was administered ...
Kong Dejuan - - 2012
PURPOSE: Multidrug resistance (MDR) has become an obstacle for chemotherapy of cancer. p53 is reported to participate in the regulation of MDR, but the association between p53 status and MDR are complicated and conditional. It has been verified that apoptosis is not the only mechanism for MDR regulation by p53, ...
Pang L Y - - 2012
Feline oral squamous cell carcinoma is considered a highly invasive cancer that carries a high level of morbidity. Despite aggressive surgery, patients often succumb to disease, the tumour having inherent insensitivity to radiation and chemotherapy. In this study we sought to identify cells within the feline SCC1 line that have ...
Lu Haiquan H Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77030, - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the mechanisms underlying cetuximab-mediated radiosensitization of HNSCC. Irradiation of HNSCC cells upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) via a mechanism involving de novo synthesis of HIF-1α protein. Radiation-induced upregulation of HIF-1α was completely abolished by concurrent treatment of HNSCC cells with cetuximab. Experimental elevation of constitutively ...
Peng Bo - - 2012
Multidrug resistance is a major obstacle to successful treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Lately, we found a novel human gene named tongue cancer chemotherapy resistance-associated protein1 (TCRP1) in the tongue cancer multi-drug resistance cell line (Tca8113/PYM) established by us. In this study, we focus on recombinant expression, purification, ...
Qu Changju - - 2012
Radiotherapy is the primary treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but radioresistance severely reduces NPC radiocurability. Here, we have established a radio-resistant NPC cell line, CNE-2R, and investigate the role of miRNAs in radioresistance. The miRNAs microarray assay reveals that miRNAs are differentially expressed between CNE-2R and its parental cell line ...
Qu Changju - - 2012
Radiotherapy is the primary treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but radioresistance severely reduces NPC radiocurability. Here, we have established a radio-resistant NPC cell line, CNE-2R, and investigate the role of miRNAs in radioresistance. The miRNAs microarray assay reveals that miRNAs are differentially expressed between CNE-2R and its parental cell line ...
Wang Wen-Ming - - 2012
Many fungal and oomycete pathogens differentiate a feeding structure named the haustorium to extract nutrition from the plant epidermal cell. The atypical resistance (R) protein RPW8.2 activates salicylic acid (SA)-dependent, haustorium-targeted defenses against Golovinomyces spp., the causal agents of powdery mildew diseases on multiple plant species. How RPW8.2 activates defense ...
Bojsen Rasmus K - - 2012
Microbial biofilms can be defined as multi-cellular aggregates adhering to a surface and embedded in an extracellular matrix. The non-pathogenic yeast, S. cerevisiae, follows the common traits of microbial biofilms with cell-cell and cells-surface adhesion. S. cerevisiae is shown to produce an extracellular matrix, respond to quorum sensing and multi-cellular ...
Salem Sameer D - - 2012
Gemcitabine (2',2'-difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine; dFdCyd) is one of the anti-metabolites drugs that target DNA replication. We evaluated dFdCyd cytotoxicity and its radiosensitizing ability in human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (wild-type p53) and MDA-MB-231 (mutant-type p53) along with normal mammary epithelial cell line (MCF-12) for comparison. Radiosensitivity and cytotoxicity were measured by ...
Pascoe Jordan J Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Pancreatic β-cell proliferation is infrequent in adult humans and is not increased in type 2 diabetes despite obesity and insulin resistance, suggesting the existence of inhibitory factors. Free fatty acids (FFAs) may influence proliferation. In order to test whether FFAs restrict β-cell proliferation in vivo, mice were intravenously infused with ...
Bensimon J - - 2012
A growing body of evidence attributes properties of chemo- and/or radiation-resistance to cancer stem cells (CSCs). Moreover, non-targeted delayed effects such as genomic instability, transmitted through many generations, can be observed in the progeny of surviving irradiated cells. As a consequence, we propose that radiation-resistance properties associated to CSCs could ...
Qin Xia - - 2012
The objective of this study was to screen for ubiquitination-associated proteins involved in cisplatin resistance in a human lung adenocarcinoma cell strain using a comparative proteomic strategy. We employed 1D SDS-PAGE to separate ubiquitinated proteins isolated and enriched from A549 and A549/CDDP lysates via affinity chromatography. The differentially expressed bands ...
Ota Tomoko - - 2012
The presence of drug-resistant cancer cells has been associated with poor clinical outcomes. Cisplatin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents commonly used for several malignancies including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Although cisplatin resistance is a major obstacle in cancer treatment, mechanisms by which it develops are not ...
Xue Xue - - 2012
Tumor resistance to chemotherapy is the major obstacle to employ cisplatin, one of the broadly used chemotherapeutic drugs, for effective treatment of various tumors in the clinic. Most acknowledged mechanisms of cancer resistance to cisplatin focus on increased nuclear DNA repair or detoxicity of cisplatin. We previously demonstrated that there ...
Tang Sanyuan - - 2012
Multidrug resistance (MDR) to anticancer drugs is a major obstacle to successful chemotherapy of tumors. Understanding the molecular basis to chemoresistance is likely to provide better treatment. Cell lines resistant to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CNE2/cDDP) were established from human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell lines CNE2. Comparative proteomics involving 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) ...
Pasqualato A - - 2012
Morphological, qualitative observations allow pathologists to correlate the shape the cells acquire with the progressive, underlying neoplastic transformation they are experienced. Cell morphology, indeed, roughly scales with malignancy. A quantitative parameter for characterizing complex irregular structures is the Normalized Bending Energy (NBE). NBE provides a global feature for shape characterization ...
Khonkarn Ruttiros - - 2012
Xanthone exhibits several medicinal activities and especially it inhibits the growth of cancer cells. However, the use of xanthone is limited because of its low aqueous solubility and systemic toxicity. In the present study xanthone was loaded into poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly[N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide-dilactate] mPEG-b-p(HPMAm-Lac(2)) micelles in order to overcome these drawbacks. It ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >