Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2399
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Hara Kaori - - 2012
CD98 is a heterodimeric glycoprotein of 125-kDa, which consists of a 90-kDa heavy chain subunit (hc) and 35-kDa to 55-kDa light chain subunits (lc). It is strongly expressed on the surface of proliferating normal cells and almost all tumor cells. To investigate the participation of CD98 in cellular proliferation and ...
Simpson Craig D - - 2012
Acquisition of resistance to anchorage dependant cell death, a process termed anoikis, is a requirement for cancer cell metastasis. However, the molecular determinants of anoikis resistance and sensitivity are poorly understood. To better understand resistance to anoikis we conducted a genome wide lentiviral shRNA screen to identify genes whose knockdown ...
Oliveras-Ferraros C - - 2012
In addition to the mutational status of KRAS, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands amphiregulin (AREG) and epiregulin (EREG) might function as bona fide biomarkers of cetuximab (Ctx) sensitivity for most EGFR-driven carcinomas. Lentivirus-delivered small hairpin RNAs were employed to specifically reduce AREG or EREG gene expression in wild-type ...
Yamashita Takuya - - 2012
Mesothelioma is a highly malignant tumor with a poor prognosis and limited treatment options. Although cisplatin (CDDP) is an effective anticancer drug, its response rate is only 20%. Therefore, discovery of biomarkers is desirable to distinguish the CDDP-susceptible versus resistant cases. To this end, differential proteome analysis was performed to ...
Ye Ming-Xiang - - 2012
Curcumin, a yellow pigment derived from Curcuma longa Linn, has been favored by the Eastern as dietary ingredients for centuries. During the past decade, extensive investigations have revealed curcumin sensitized various chemotherapeutic agents in human breast, colon, pancreas, gastric, liver, brain and hematological malignant disorders in vivo and in vitro. ...
Zhao Xiao-qin - - 2012
Neratinib, an irreversible inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor and human epidermal receptor 2, is in phase III clinical trials for patients with human epidermal receptor 2-positive, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. The objective of this study was to explore the ability of neratinib to reverse tumor multidrug resistance ...
Tian Haixia - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the interactions between arsenic (As) resistant bacteria and As, using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. According to our 16S rDNA results, eight bacteria isolated from the environment can be identified to four genera (Arthrobacter, Pseudomonas, Sphingomonas, and ...
Saiki Yuriko - - 2012
Although gemcitabine is the most effective chemotherapeutic agent against pancreatic cancer, a growing concern is that a substantial number of patients acquire gemcitabine chemoresistance. To elucidate the mechanisms of acquisition of gemcitabine resistance, we developed gemcitabine-resistant cell lines from six human cancer cell lines; three pancreatic, one gastric, one colon, ...
Teixidó Cristina - - 2012
Irvalec® (elisidepsin trifluoroacetate, PM02734) is a novel marine-derived cyclic peptide belonging to the Kahaladide family of compounds, currently in clinical trials with preliminary evidence of antitumor activity. Previous studies have shown a correlation between elisidepsin sensitivity and expression of the ErbB3 receptor in a panel of NSCLC cell lines. We ...
Karlsson Henning - - 2012
Clinically relevant in vitro methods are needed to identify new cancer drugs for solid tumors. We report on a new 3-D spheroid cell culture system aimed to mimic the properties of solid tumors in vivo. The colon cancer cell lines HCT-116 wt and HCT-116 wt/GFP were grown as monolayers for ...
Braig S - - 2012
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are known to play an important role in melanoma development and progression. However, the downstream targets of BMPs have not been investigated thus far. Therefore, we treated melanoma cell lines with the Smad-specific BMP inhibitor Dorsomorphin and performed a cDNA microarray. We identified death inducer-obliterator 1 ...
Zhang Lingling - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate the resistance mechanism of C6/36 cells to Cyt1Aa6 protein under selection pressure. Receptor binding properties of Cyt1Aa6 toward sensitive and resistant C6/36 cells were investigated. More sensitive cells were detected with goat-anti-rabbit-FITC-labeled antibody, and the quantity of in vitro activated Cyt1Aa6 toxin bound to resistant ...
Jang Sun Ho - - 2012
This study reports the direct thermal observation of the junction temperature and determination of the thermal resistance in a commercial solar cell package under actual operating conditions. A thermal transient method was the key method that was utilized for the thermal characterization of the device. Sunlight directed into the solar ...
Park Seungman - - 2012
In amorphous silicon solar cells, degradation is directly related to V(oc), FF and cell performance. The dependence of the stability of thin film amorphous silicon solar cells is studied in terms of the volume fraction of B2H6 in the p-layer. When the volume fraction of B2H6 is increased by an ...
Chen-Deutsch Xiangwen - - 2012
Recent clinical trials aimed at improved treatment of AML by administration of vitamin D derivatives showed unremarkable results, suggesting development of vitamin D resistance in patients' AML blasts. Since mechanisms of vitamin D resistance are not clear, we studied 40AF cells, a subline of HL60 cells that can proliferate in ...
Jovelet C - - 2012
P-glycoprotein belongs to the ATP binding cassette transporters, responsible for the multidrug resistance of cancer cells. These transporters efflux hydrophobic drugs outside cells and decrease their therapeutic efficacy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of vandetanib, an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor of EGFR, VEGFR 2 and ...
Buß Irina - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the relationships between reactivity, cellular accumulation, and cytotoxicity of a panel of oxaliplatin analogues with different leaving groups in human carcinoma cells. The reactivity of the complexes towards the nucleotides 2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate and 2'-deoxyadenosine 5'-monophosphate was studied using capillary electrophoresis. Cellular ...
Sáez-Ayala Magalí - - 2012
Melanoma, the most aggressive form of skin cancer, is notoriously resistant to all current modalities of cancer therapy, including to the drug methotrexate. Melanosomal sequestration and cellular exportation of methotrexate have been proposed to be important melanoma-specific mechanisms that contribute to the resistance of melanoma to methotrexate. In addition, other ...
Castorina Alessandro - - 2012
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are sarcomas able to grow under conditions of metabolic stress caused by insufficient nutrients or oxygen. Both pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) have glioprotective potential. However, whether PACAP/ADNP signaling is involved in the resistance to cell death in MPNST ...
Dhariwala Fatema A - - 2012
The perception of toxicity to nitric oxide (NO) and irradiation (IR) by three different cell types has been studied. The three cell types are the macrophage like RAW264.7 cells, EL4 lymphoma cells, and splenocytes, which represent the different components of a tumor. These three cell types respond differently to NO ...
Lopez-Campistrous Ana A Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2012
The anti-cancer effects of bryostatin-1, a potent diacylglycerol analogue, have traditionally been attributed to its action on protein kinase C. However, we previously documented apoptosis in a B non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell line involving diacylglycerol analogue stimulation of Ras guanyl-releasing protein, a Ras activator, and Bim, a proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein. ...
Xie Yuexia - - 2012
Intratumoral hypoxic cells are more resistant to radiotherapy for reduction in life span of DNA-damaging free radicals and augmentation of post-irradiation molecular restoration. SirT1, a member of the mammalian sirtuin family, deacetylates various transcription factors to trigger cell defense and survival in response to stresses and DNA damage. In this ...
Pillai Rathi N - - 2012
Abstract Survival of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells is dependent on the BCR-ABL kinase, the activity of which is contingent on the level of BCR-ABL protein and the availability of ATP. We hypothesized that 8-aminoadenosine (8-amino-Ado) mediated reduction in cellular ATP level and inhibition of mRNA synthesis leading to a ...
Xu Nuo N Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2012
Gefitinib is effective in only approximately 20% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. FoxM1 is upregulated in NSCLC and associated with a poor prognosis in NSCLC patients. In this study, we examined the possible role of FoxM1 in gefitinib resistance and the related ...
Ying Songmin S Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology & Biology, Department of Oncology, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2012
PARP inhibitors are currently being used in clinical trials to treat BRCA1- or BRCA2-defective tumors, based on the synthetic lethal interaction between PARP1 and BRCA1/2-mediated homologous recombination (HR). However, the molecular mechanisms that drive this synthetic lethality remain unclear. Here, we show increased levels of Mre11, a key component of ...
Thayanidhi Nandhakumar - - 2012
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: The arginine-type soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (R-SNARE) ykt6 possesses several atypical properties including selective high expression in neurons and neuroendocrine cells, a lipidated C-terminus rather than a transmembrane anchor, localization to punctae that do not correspond with known endomembrane markers, a potent ability to protect the ...
Shin Ji Hyun - - 2012
Mefloquine is an effective treatment drug for malaria. However, it can cause several adverse side effects, and the precise mechanism associated with the adverse neurological effects of Mefloquine is not clearly understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of Mefloquine on autophagy in neuroblastoma cells. Mefloquine treatment highly induced ...
Zhao Lingzhi - - 2012
This study demonstrates a new electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) method for measurements of the changes in membrane permeability during the process of cell anoxia. Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were employed as the model cells and were cultured onto gelatin-modified glassy carbon (GC) electrodes. EIS measurements were conducted at the ...
Derbyshire Emily R - - 2012
Malaria is a devastating parasitic disease that afflicts one-third of the world's population. Antimalarial drugs in common use address few targets, and their efficacy is being undermined by parasite resistance. Most therapeutics target blood-stage malaria, whereas only few compounds are active against malaria's liver stage, the first stage of the ...
Heaney Jason D JD Department of Genetics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2012
Testicular teratomas result from anomalies in germ cell development during embryogenesis. In the 129 family of inbred strains of mice, teratomas initiate around embryonic day (E) 13.5 during the same developmental period in which female germ cells initiate meiosis and male germ cells enter mitotic arrest. Here, we report that ...
Cánepa Gaspar E - - 2012
Trypomastigote Small Surface Antigen (TSSA) is a polymorphic mucin-like molecule displayed on the surface of Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigote forms. To evaluate its functional properties, we undertook comparative biochemical and genetic approaches on isoforms present in parasite stocks from extant evolutionary lineages (CL Brener and Sylvio X-10). We show that CL ...
Nasimuzzaman Md - - 2012
Foamy viruses (FVs) (spumaretroviruses) are good alternative to retroviruses as gene therapy vector. Despite four decades since the discovery of FV, its receptor molecule is still unknown. FV vector transduction of human CD34(+) cells was inhibited by culture with fibronectin. Because fibronectin contains heparin-binding domain, the interactions of fibronectin with ...
Kamarajugadda Sushama - - 2012
Cancer cells exhibit altered glucose metabolism characterized by a preference for aerobic glycolysis or the Warburg effect, and resist matrix detachment-induced apoptosis called "anoikis", a barrier to metastasis. It remains largely unclear whether tumor metabolism influences anoikis and metastasis. Here we show when detached from matrix, untransformed mammary epithelial cells ...
Cavet M E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the in vitro effects of multipurpose contact lens solutions (MPSs) on corneal epithelial barrier function and viability. METHODS: Human corneal epithelial cells (HCEpiC) were exposed to 50% MPSs A-G. Viability was determined using metabolic activity, protease release and caspase assays. Barrier function was evaluated using immunostaining for ...
Veldhoen R A - - 2012
Anti-mitotic agents such as paclitaxel and docetaxel are widely used for the treatment of breast, ovarian and lung cancers. Although paclitaxel induces apoptosis, this drug also modulates autophagy. How autophagy affects paclitaxel activity, is unclear. We discovered that paclitaxel inhibited autophagy through two distinct mechanisms dependent on cell cycle stage. ...
Oehler Beatrice - - 2012
Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer occurring in Caucasians with rising incidence. They are remarkably resistant to conventional anti-tumour therapies like chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Therefore, new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Anti-tumour effects of phytochemicals such as allyl isothiocyanate or cinnamaldehyde have been demonstrated in various melanoma ...
Gu Jing-Li - - 2012
AIM: It is of clinical importance to find methods to overcome bortezomib resistance. In the current study, we clarified the relationship between resistance to bortezomib and the differentiation status of myeloma cells, and explored the feasibility of induction of differentiation in overcoming bortezomib resistance in myeloma. METHODS: Cell morphology, immunoglobulin ...
Ohmine Ken - - 2012
Multiple proteins are involved in activation and inactivation of 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (gemcitabine, dFdC). We aimed to clarify the mechanism of dFdC resistance in a pancreatic cancer cell line by applying a combination of targeted proteomic and metabolomic analyses. Twenty-five enzyme and transporter proteins and 6 metabolites were quantified in sensitive and ...
Li Zhihua - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate the role of protein kinase C (PKC) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling in tamoxifen (TAM)-induced apoptosis and drug resistance in human breast cancer cells. Drug-sensitive, or estrogen receptor (ER)-positive human breast carcinoma cells (MCF-7) and the multi-drug-resistant variant (ER-negative) MCF-7/ADR cells were ...
Heffeter Petra - - 2012
Triapine is an α-N-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazone with promising anticancer activity against hematologic malignancies but widely ineffective against solid tumor types in clinical trials. The anticancer activity of thiosemicarbazones can be dramatically increased by terminal dimethylation. KP1089 is a gallium compound containing two terminal dimethylated thiosemicarbazone ligands. To gain insights on the ...
Lee Soo-Woong - - 2012
Various co-stimulatory receptors are expressed in multiple myeloma (MM) both in immune microenvironment and in the tumor microenvironment in vivo. In relapsed human MM, these receptors are known to increase cell proliferation and induce conventional drug resistance. However, the mechanism of drug resistance induced via co-stimulatory receptors is poorly understood. ...
Liu Katy C - - 2012
Myosin-X (Myo10) is an unconventional myosin that localizes to the tips of filopodia and has critical functions in filopodia. Although Myo10 has been studied primarily in nonpolarized, fibroblast-like cells, Myo10 is expressed in vivo in many epithelia-rich tissues, such as kidney. In this study, we investigate the localization and functions ...
Yosifov Deyan Y - - 2012
Alkylphosphocholines are highly active against multiple myeloma (MM) cells in vitro and are devoid of myelotoxicity. Little is known about the determinants of MM cell responsiveness or resistance to these drugs. In this study we investigated the effects of disease-relevant cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and osteopontin (OPN), on the ...
Bellow Sébastien - - 2012
Accurate localization of phytoalexins is a key for better understanding their role. This work aims to localize stilbenes, the main phytoalexins of grapevine. The cellular localization of stilbene fluorescence induced by Plasmopara viticola, the agent of downy mildew, was determined in grapevine leaves of very susceptible, susceptible, and partially resistant ...
Tong Yin Y Institute of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2012
The efficacy of the Akt inhibitor perifosine against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells and its mechanisms of action are unknown. In this study, the cytotoxic effects of perifosine on CML and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines were compared to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the differences. Human AML cell lines ...
Blivet-Van Eggelpoël Marie-José - - 2012
Sorafenib is the standard of care for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, primary and acquired resistance is observed in patients. We examined whether gefitinib, which inhibits both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-3 phosphorylation, could improve HCC cell response to sorafenib. Sorafenib and gefitinib were tested ...
Pressey Joseph G JG Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, - - 2013
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is characterized by features of skeletal muscle and is comprised of two major histological subtypes, embryonal (E-RMS), and alveolar (A-RMS). Subsets of each RMS subtype demonstrate resistance to multimodal therapy leading to treatment failure. Cancer stem cells or cancer-initiating cells (CIC) represent a theorized population of cells that ...
Sun Nian-Kang - - 2012
In the present study, we observed that the Golgi-SNARE GS28 forms a complex with p53 in HEK293 cells. Given that p53 represents a tumor suppressor involved in sensitivity to various chemotherapeutic drugs, we examined whether GS28 may be implicated in resistance to the DNA-damaging drug cisplatin, whereas no sensitization effect ...
Bhatia Prateek - - 2012
The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), an ATP binding cassette (ABC) efflux transporter, plays a role in multiple drug resistance (MDR). Previous studies of the subcellular location of the ABC transporter P-glycoprotein indicated that this protein is expressed in nuclear membranes. This study examines the nuclear distribution of BCRP in ...
Filipczak Piotr Teodor - - 2012
Human HSPA2 is a member of the HSPA (HSP70) family of heat-shock proteins, encoded by the gene originally described as testis-specific. Recently, it has been reported that HSPA2 can be also expressed in human somatic tissues in a cell-type specific manner. The aim of the present study was to find ...
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