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Results 351 - 400 of 2341
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Stovbun S V - - 2012
Strings, anisometric structures with length-diameter ratio of 10(1)-10(5) are formed in some homochiral solutions at a concentration of 10(-3)-10(-2) M. We studied macroscopic properties of strings (strength, charge at the ends, etc.) and showed that these strings can provide a power commutation of cells. The strength and electrostatic driving force ...
Manfé Valentina - - 2012
P53 is rarely mutated in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and is therefore a promising target for innovative therapeutic approaches. Nutlin-3a is an inhibitor of MDM2 (human homolog of murine double minute 2), which disrupts its interaction with p53, leading to the stabilization and activation of p53. To investigate the potential ...
Murphy Robert F - - 2012
Despite the clinical success of platinum-containing drugs in the treatment of solid tumors, acquired resistance remains a major obstacle. We previously identified a group of novel transplanaramine or transplatinum compounds based on distinct activity profiles in the NCI-60 panel. In the present study, parental KB-3.1 cells with wild-type p53 and ...
Falso Miranda J Sarachine - - 2012
Recurrence is a common problem in bladder cancer; this has been attributed to cancer stem cells. In this study, we characterized potential cancer stem cell populations isolated from three cell lines that demonstrate different responses to cisplatin. The ALDEFLUOR® assay was used to isolate cells from TCCSUP, T24, and 5637 ...
Hong Sung-Hyeok - - 2012
The complexity of the process of metastasis is widely recognized. We report herein on a recurrent feature of high compared to low metastatic cells that is linked to their ability to survive early after their arrival at secondary sites. Using novel fluorescent-based imaging strategies that assess tumor cell interaction with ...
Robinson Michael W MW Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, University of Toledo College of Medicine, 3000 Arlington Ave., Toledo, Ohio 43614, - - 2012
Methuosis is a novel caspase-independent form of cell death in which massive accumulation of vacuoles derived from macropinosomes ultimately causes cells to detach from the substratum and rupture. We recently described a chalcone-like compound, 3-(2-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-one (i.e., MIPP), which can induce methuosis in glioblastoma and other types of cancer cells. Herein, ...
Jung M-J - - 2012
The hypothesis of cancer stem cells has been proposed to explain the therapeutic failure in a variety of cancers including lung cancers. Previously, we demonstrated acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, a feature highly reminiscent of cancer stem-like cells, in gefitinib-resistant A549 cells (A549/GR). Here, we show that A549/GR cells contain a ...
Das Swagatika - - 2012
A series of bis[3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-oxo-1-piperidinyl]amides 1 display potent cytotoxic properties towards a wide range of tumours. A number of the CC(50) and IC(50) values are in the range of 10(-8) M. Specifically, these compounds have the following important properties. First, greater toxicity was demonstrated towards certain tumours than various non-malignant cells. Second, ...
Lobez Jose M - - 2012
The motivation of this study is to determine if small amounts of designer additives placed at the polymer-fullerene interface in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells can influence their performance. A series of AB-alternating side-chain-functionalized poly(thiophene) analogues, P1-6, are designed to selectively localize at the interface between regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (rr-P3HT) and ...
Li Xin-Xing - - 2012
The cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis proposes that CSCs, which can renew themselves proliferate infinitely, and escape chemotherapy, become the root of recurrence and metastasis. Previous studies have verified that side population (SP) cells, characterized by their ability to efflux lipophilic substrate Hoechst 33342, to share many characteristics of CSCs ...
Fouque Emilie - - 2012
Free-living amoebae are protozoa found in soil and water. Among them, some are pathogenic and many have been described as potential reservoirs of pathogenic bacteria. Their cell cycle is divided into at least two forms, the trophozoite and the cyst, and the differentiation process is named encystment. As cysts are ...
Wang Fang F State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510060, P. R. - - 2012
S1-M1-80 cells, derived from human colon carcinoma S1 cells, are mitoxantrone-selected ABCG2-overexpressing cells and are widely used in in vitro studies of multidrug resistance(MDR). In this study, S1-M1-80 cell xenografts were established to investigate whether the MDR phenotype and cell biological properties were maintained in vivo. Our results showed that ...
Gill Kanwaldeep K - - 2012
Concurrent combination of chemotherapeutic drugs is a promising alternative to single-agent therapies in cancer. In the present study, paclitaxel and parthenolide were loaded into mixed micelles and tested against taxol sensitive (A549) and resistant (A549-T24) NSCLC cell lines. Combination chemotherapy was further evaluated by isobologram analyses and combination index calculations. ...
Gar-Lee Yue Grace - - 2012
Multidrug resistance is a major problem in hepatocellular carcinoma. Hedyotiscone A, a compound isolated from Chinese herbal medicine Hedyotis corymbosa (HC, family Rubiaceae), was used as the chemical marker to distinguish between HC and an anticancer herb Hedyotis diffusa (HD) in our previous study. The present study aimed to investigate ...
Sarmento-Ribeiro A B - - 2012
The involvement of apoptosis in the cytotoxicity mediated by nucleoside analogues, namely azaguanine, and its implication in resistance are not well understood. Using human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines, sensitive (CEM cells) and resistant to azaguanine (CM3 cells), we observe a decrease in the expression of proapoptotic proteins in ...
Vandenbosch Davy - - 2012
Previous research has shown that 1% to 10% of sessile Candida albicans cells survive treatment with high doses of miconazole (a fungicidal imidazole). In the present study, we investigated the involvement of sphingolipid biosynthetic intermediates in this survival. We observed that the LCB4 gene, coding for the enzyme that catalyzes ...
Racicot Karen - - 2012
PROBLEM: Dairy cattle suffer from high percentages of early embryonic loss, and therefore, it is critical to study the function of the uterus at this time. We hypothesize that the antiviral protein, myxovirus resistance (MX)1, regulates secretion in uterine glandular cells during early pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: Uterine epithelial cells ...
Ozawa Yoichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Indisulam (N-(-3-chloro-7-indolyl)-1,4-benzenedisulfonamide; E7070) is an experimental anticancer agent. Microarray analysis indicates that indisulam downregulates several genes involved in drug resistance, and this finding led us to test the effect of combining indisulam with other anticancer drugs. We investigated the antitumor effect and mechanism of synergism when indisulam was administered ...
Kong Dejuan - - 2012
PURPOSE: Multidrug resistance (MDR) has become an obstacle for chemotherapy of cancer. p53 is reported to participate in the regulation of MDR, but the association between p53 status and MDR are complicated and conditional. It has been verified that apoptosis is not the only mechanism for MDR regulation by p53, ...
Pang L Y - - 2012
Feline oral squamous cell carcinoma is considered a highly invasive cancer that carries a high level of morbidity. Despite aggressive surgery, patients often succumb to disease, the tumour having inherent insensitivity to radiation and chemotherapy. In this study we sought to identify cells within the feline SCC1 line that have ...
Lu Haiquan H Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77030, - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the mechanisms underlying cetuximab-mediated radiosensitization of HNSCC. Irradiation of HNSCC cells upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) via a mechanism involving de novo synthesis of HIF-1α protein. Radiation-induced upregulation of HIF-1α was completely abolished by concurrent treatment of HNSCC cells with cetuximab. Experimental elevation of constitutively ...
Peng Bo - - 2012
Multidrug resistance is a major obstacle to successful treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Lately, we found a novel human gene named tongue cancer chemotherapy resistance-associated protein1 (TCRP1) in the tongue cancer multi-drug resistance cell line (Tca8113/PYM) established by us. In this study, we focus on recombinant expression, purification, ...
Qu Changju - - 2012
Radiotherapy is the primary treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but radioresistance severely reduces NPC radiocurability. Here, we have established a radio-resistant NPC cell line, CNE-2R, and investigate the role of miRNAs in radioresistance. The miRNAs microarray assay reveals that miRNAs are differentially expressed between CNE-2R and its parental cell line ...
Qu Changju - - 2012
Radiotherapy is the primary treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but radioresistance severely reduces NPC radiocurability. Here, we have established a radio-resistant NPC cell line, CNE-2R, and investigate the role of miRNAs in radioresistance. The miRNAs microarray assay reveals that miRNAs are differentially expressed between CNE-2R and its parental cell line ...
Wang Wen-Ming - - 2012
Many fungal and oomycete pathogens differentiate a feeding structure named the haustorium to extract nutrition from the plant epidermal cell. The atypical resistance (R) protein RPW8.2 activates salicylic acid (SA)-dependent, haustorium-targeted defenses against Golovinomyces spp., the causal agents of powdery mildew diseases on multiple plant species. How RPW8.2 activates defense ...
Bojsen Rasmus K - - 2012
Microbial biofilms can be defined as multi-cellular aggregates adhering to a surface and embedded in an extracellular matrix. The non-pathogenic yeast, S. cerevisiae, follows the common traits of microbial biofilms with cell-cell and cells-surface adhesion. S. cerevisiae is shown to produce an extracellular matrix, respond to quorum sensing and multi-cellular ...
Salem Sameer D - - 2012
Gemcitabine (2',2'-difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine; dFdCyd) is one of the anti-metabolites drugs that target DNA replication. We evaluated dFdCyd cytotoxicity and its radiosensitizing ability in human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (wild-type p53) and MDA-MB-231 (mutant-type p53) along with normal mammary epithelial cell line (MCF-12) for comparison. Radiosensitivity and cytotoxicity were measured by ...
Pascoe Jordan J Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Pancreatic β-cell proliferation is infrequent in adult humans and is not increased in type 2 diabetes despite obesity and insulin resistance, suggesting the existence of inhibitory factors. Free fatty acids (FFAs) may influence proliferation. In order to test whether FFAs restrict β-cell proliferation in vivo, mice were intravenously infused with ...
Bensimon J - - 2012
A growing body of evidence attributes properties of chemo- and/or radiation-resistance to cancer stem cells (CSCs). Moreover, non-targeted delayed effects such as genomic instability, transmitted through many generations, can be observed in the progeny of surviving irradiated cells. As a consequence, we propose that radiation-resistance properties associated to CSCs could ...
Qin Xia - - 2012
The objective of this study was to screen for ubiquitination-associated proteins involved in cisplatin resistance in a human lung adenocarcinoma cell strain using a comparative proteomic strategy. We employed 1D SDS-PAGE to separate ubiquitinated proteins isolated and enriched from A549 and A549/CDDP lysates via affinity chromatography. The differentially expressed bands ...
Ota Tomoko - - 2012
The presence of drug-resistant cancer cells has been associated with poor clinical outcomes. Cisplatin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents commonly used for several malignancies including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Although cisplatin resistance is a major obstacle in cancer treatment, mechanisms by which it develops are not ...
Xue Xue - - 2012
Tumor resistance to chemotherapy is the major obstacle to employ cisplatin, one of the broadly used chemotherapeutic drugs, for effective treatment of various tumors in the clinic. Most acknowledged mechanisms of cancer resistance to cisplatin focus on increased nuclear DNA repair or detoxicity of cisplatin. We previously demonstrated that there ...
Tang Sanyuan - - 2012
Multidrug resistance (MDR) to anticancer drugs is a major obstacle to successful chemotherapy of tumors. Understanding the molecular basis to chemoresistance is likely to provide better treatment. Cell lines resistant to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CNE2/cDDP) were established from human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell lines CNE2. Comparative proteomics involving 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) ...
Pasqualato A - - 2012
Morphological, qualitative observations allow pathologists to correlate the shape the cells acquire with the progressive, underlying neoplastic transformation they are experienced. Cell morphology, indeed, roughly scales with malignancy. A quantitative parameter for characterizing complex irregular structures is the Normalized Bending Energy (NBE). NBE provides a global feature for shape characterization ...
Khonkarn Ruttiros - - 2012
Xanthone exhibits several medicinal activities and especially it inhibits the growth of cancer cells. However, the use of xanthone is limited because of its low aqueous solubility and systemic toxicity. In the present study xanthone was loaded into poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly[N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide-dilactate] mPEG-b-p(HPMAm-Lac(2)) micelles in order to overcome these drawbacks. It ...
Tseng Ling-Ming - - 2012
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is a lethal solid tumor with poor prognosis due to its invasiveness and its resistance to current therapies. Recently, ATC-CD133(+) cells were found to have cancer stem cell (CSC) properties and were suggested to be important contributors to tumorigenicity and cancer metastasis. However, the molecular pathways ...
Chae Sunyoung - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) generally shows chemoresistant features to anti-cancer agents. Paclitaxel has been clinically used in the treatment of various cancers. However, effect of paclitaxel on HCC has not been adequately addressed. Here, we found two categories of hepatoma cells in response to paclitaxel. Paclitaxel effectively decreased the cell viability ...
Maseki S - - 2012
Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) is known to be associated with chemoresistance as well as increased invasion/metastasis. However, the relationship between EMT and resistance to an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) -targeting drug in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the acquisition of ...
Robinson G L GL MRC Toxicology Unit, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2012
TRAIL (TNF (tumour necrosis factor)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) a putative anti-cancer cytokine induces apoptosis through DISC (death-inducing signalling complex)-mediated activation of caspase-8 and/or cleavage of Bid. TRAIL is relatively specific for tumour cells but primary chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cells are resistant. Herein, we show that cellular ...
Jiao Jianhua - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cancer worldwide, causing over 0.5 million deaths per year, with approximately half of these in China. Chemotherapy is the optimal treatment for patients with advanced HCC, although chemoresistance has become a significant obstacle to successful anti-cancer therapy. The expression of opsin3 (OPN3), ...
Hui-Min Yu - - 2012
An isogenic pair of cisplatin-susceptible (NTUB1) and -resistant (NTUB1/P) human urothelial carcinoma cell lines was used to elucidate the mechanism of cisplatin resistance. The significantly lower intracellular platinum (IP) concentration, which resulted from the decreased cisplatin uptake, was found in NTUB1/P cells. The enhancement of IP concentration did not increase ...
Wojtalla Alexandra - - 2012
The endocannabinoid system is a crucial regulator of hepatic fibrogenesis. We have previously shown that the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) is a lipid mediator that blocks proliferation and induces death in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), the main fibrogenic cell type in the liver, but not in hepatocytes. However, the effects of ...
Herst Patries M - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has a very poor prognosis because of its chemo- and radiation therapy resistance. Here we investigated the ability of pharmacological concentrations of ascorbate to radiosensitize primary cells isolated from six GBM patients, mouse astrocytoma cells, and mouse astrocytes. We measured cell viability by trypan blue exclusion, generation ...
Ong Pei-Shi - - 2012
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) belong to an emerging class of anticancer compounds. It is increasingly recognized that their unique and complementary mode of action make HDACIs valuable agents in augmenting the cytotoxicity of conventional chemotherapeutics. We examined the potential for combined use of an approved HDACI, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), ...
Shen Yi - - 2012
The current view of multidrug resisitance is that overexpression of membrane P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a major causative factor. However, the controversial presence of subcellular P-gp may also participate in the drug resistance. In this study, we sought to investigate the localization and functional characterization of P-gp in mitochondria isolated from ...
Hazra Sudipta - - 2012
Cryptolepine (5-methyl-10H-indolo [3, 2-b] quinoline), an indoloquinoline alkaloid (1) isolated from a medicinal plant traditionally used in Western Africa for treatment of malaria, has been shown to possess broad spectrum biological activity in addition to its antiplasmodial effect. Here, the antileishmanial properties of 11 synthetic derivatives of cryptolepine against Leishmania ...
Fang Dianliang - - 2012
The insensitivity of hepatocellular carcinoma to chemotherapy is associated with alternation in tumor cell cycling. This current study was designed to investigate the impact of p15 silencing on the sensitivity of Human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells to cisplatin. HepG2/CDDP/1.6 and HepG2/CDDP/2.0 cells were induced by culture with increased doses of ...
Liang Weiguo - - 2012
The nucleus pulposus cells are chondrocyte-like cells that are required for the resistance of compressive loads through the synthesis of collagen fibrils and proteoglycan aggrecans, and the generation of a hydrostatic swelling pressure, and thus play an important role in the intervertebral disc. Here we report the production and characterization ...
Yi Hee - - 2012
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are often characterized by the elevated expression of drug-resistance related stem-cell surface markers, such as CD133 and ABCG2. Recently, we reported that CSCs have a high level of expression of the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of anticancer ...
Tezil Tugsan - - 2012
Chemotherapeutic drugs proved only 50% successful in breast cancer because of cell type-dependent resistance mechanisms. FOXO3 is known to be involved in the regulation of several cell death-related genes; however, the extent of FOXO3 regulation in chemoresistance is still not fully understood. Here, we show that FOXO3 critically mediates cisplatin ...
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