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Results 251 - 300 of 2279
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Lopez-Campistrous Ana A Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2012
The anti-cancer effects of bryostatin-1, a potent diacylglycerol analogue, have traditionally been attributed to its action on protein kinase C. However, we previously documented apoptosis in a B non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell line involving diacylglycerol analogue stimulation of Ras guanyl-releasing protein, a Ras activator, and Bim, a proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein. ...
Xie Yuexia - - 2012
Intratumoral hypoxic cells are more resistant to radiotherapy for reduction in life span of DNA-damaging free radicals and augmentation of post-irradiation molecular restoration. SirT1, a member of the mammalian sirtuin family, deacetylates various transcription factors to trigger cell defense and survival in response to stresses and DNA damage. In this ...
Pillai Rathi N - - 2012
Abstract Survival of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells is dependent on the BCR-ABL kinase, the activity of which is contingent on the level of BCR-ABL protein and the availability of ATP. We hypothesized that 8-aminoadenosine (8-amino-Ado) mediated reduction in cellular ATP level and inhibition of mRNA synthesis leading to a ...
Xu Nuo - - 2012
Gefitinib is effective in only approximately 20% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. FoxM1 is upregulated in NSCLC and associated with a poor prognosis in NSCLC patients. In this study, we examined the possible role of FoxM1 in gefitinib resistance and the related ...
Ying Songmin S Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology & Biology, Department of Oncology, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2012
PARP inhibitors are currently being used in clinical trials to treat BRCA1- or BRCA2-defective tumors, based on the synthetic lethal interaction between PARP1 and BRCA1/2-mediated homologous recombination (HR). However, the molecular mechanisms that drive this synthetic lethality remain unclear. Here, we show increased levels of Mre11, a key component of ...
Thayanidhi Nandhakumar - - 2012
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: The arginine-type soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (R-SNARE) ykt6 possesses several atypical properties including selective high expression in neurons and neuroendocrine cells, a lipidated C-terminus rather than a transmembrane anchor, localization to punctae that do not correspond with known endomembrane markers, a potent ability to protect the ...
Shin Ji Hyun - - 2012
Mefloquine is an effective treatment drug for malaria. However, it can cause several adverse side effects, and the precise mechanism associated with the adverse neurological effects of Mefloquine is not clearly understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of Mefloquine on autophagy in neuroblastoma cells. Mefloquine treatment highly induced ...
Zhao Lingzhi - - 2012
This study demonstrates a new electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) method for measurements of the changes in membrane permeability during the process of cell anoxia. Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were employed as the model cells and were cultured onto gelatin-modified glassy carbon (GC) electrodes. EIS measurements were conducted at the ...
Derbyshire Emily R - - 2012
Malaria is a devastating parasitic disease that afflicts one-third of the world's population. Antimalarial drugs in common use address few targets, and their efficacy is being undermined by parasite resistance. Most therapeutics target blood-stage malaria, whereas only few compounds are active against malaria's liver stage, the first stage of the ...
Heaney Jason D JD Department of Genetics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2012
Testicular teratomas result from anomalies in germ cell development during embryogenesis. In the 129 family of inbred strains of mice, teratomas initiate around embryonic day (E) 13.5 during the same developmental period in which female germ cells initiate meiosis and male germ cells enter mitotic arrest. Here, we report that ...
Cánepa Gaspar E - - 2012
Trypomastigote Small Surface Antigen (TSSA) is a polymorphic mucin-like molecule displayed on the surface of Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigote forms. To evaluate its functional properties, we undertook comparative biochemical and genetic approaches on isoforms present in parasite stocks from extant evolutionary lineages (CL Brener and Sylvio X-10). We show that CL ...
Nasimuzzaman Md - - 2012
Foamy viruses (FVs) (spumaretroviruses) are good alternative to retroviruses as gene therapy vector. Despite four decades since the discovery of FV, its receptor molecule is still unknown. FV vector transduction of human CD34(+) cells was inhibited by culture with fibronectin. Because fibronectin contains heparin-binding domain, the interactions of fibronectin with ...
Kamarajugadda Sushama - - 2012
Cancer cells exhibit altered glucose metabolism characterized by a preference for aerobic glycolysis or the Warburg effect, and resist matrix detachment-induced apoptosis called "anoikis", a barrier to metastasis. It remains largely unclear whether tumor metabolism influences anoikis and metastasis. Here we show when detached from matrix, untransformed mammary epithelial cells ...
Cavet M E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the in vitro effects of multipurpose contact lens solutions (MPSs) on corneal epithelial barrier function and viability. METHODS: Human corneal epithelial cells (HCEpiC) were exposed to 50% MPSs A-G. Viability was determined using metabolic activity, protease release and caspase assays. Barrier function was evaluated using immunostaining for ...
Veldhoen R A - - 2012
Anti-mitotic agents such as paclitaxel and docetaxel are widely used for the treatment of breast, ovarian and lung cancers. Although paclitaxel induces apoptosis, this drug also modulates autophagy. How autophagy affects paclitaxel activity, is unclear. We discovered that paclitaxel inhibited autophagy through two distinct mechanisms dependent on cell cycle stage. ...
Oehler Beatrice - - 2012
Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer occurring in Caucasians with rising incidence. They are remarkably resistant to conventional anti-tumour therapies like chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Therefore, new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Anti-tumour effects of phytochemicals such as allyl isothiocyanate or cinnamaldehyde have been demonstrated in various melanoma ...
Gu Jing-Li - - 2012
AIM: It is of clinical importance to find methods to overcome bortezomib resistance. In the current study, we clarified the relationship between resistance to bortezomib and the differentiation status of myeloma cells, and explored the feasibility of induction of differentiation in overcoming bortezomib resistance in myeloma. METHODS: Cell morphology, immunoglobulin ...
Ohmine Ken - - 2012
Multiple proteins are involved in activation and inactivation of 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (gemcitabine, dFdC). We aimed to clarify the mechanism of dFdC resistance in a pancreatic cancer cell line by applying a combination of targeted proteomic and metabolomic analyses. Twenty-five enzyme and transporter proteins and 6 metabolites were quantified in sensitive and ...
Li Zhihua - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate the role of protein kinase C (PKC) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling in tamoxifen (TAM)-induced apoptosis and drug resistance in human breast cancer cells. Drug-sensitive, or estrogen receptor (ER)-positive human breast carcinoma cells (MCF-7) and the multi-drug-resistant variant (ER-negative) MCF-7/ADR cells were ...
Heffeter Petra - - 2012
Triapine is an α-N-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazone with promising anticancer activity against hematologic malignancies but widely ineffective against solid tumor types in clinical trials. The anticancer activity of thiosemicarbazones can be dramatically increased by terminal dimethylation. KP1089 is a gallium compound containing two terminal dimethylated thiosemicarbazone ligands. To gain insights on the ...
Lee Soo-Woong - - 2012
Various co-stimulatory receptors are expressed in multiple myeloma (MM) both in immune microenvironment and in the tumor microenvironment in vivo. In relapsed human MM, these receptors are known to increase cell proliferation and induce conventional drug resistance. However, the mechanism of drug resistance induced via co-stimulatory receptors is poorly understood. ...
Liu Katy C - - 2012
Myosin-X (Myo10) is an unconventional myosin that localizes to the tips of filopodia and has critical functions in filopodia. Although Myo10 has been studied primarily in nonpolarized, fibroblast-like cells, Myo10 is expressed in vivo in many epithelia-rich tissues, such as kidney. In this study, we investigate the localization and functions ...
Yosifov Deyan Y - - 2012
Alkylphosphocholines are highly active against multiple myeloma (MM) cells in vitro and are devoid of myelotoxicity. Little is known about the determinants of MM cell responsiveness or resistance to these drugs. In this study we investigated the effects of disease-relevant cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and osteopontin (OPN), on the ...
Tong Yin - - 2012
Aim:The efficacy of the Akt inhibitor perifosine against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells and its mechanisms of action are unknown. In this study, the cytotoxic effects of perifosine on CML and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines were compared to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the differences.Methods:Human AML cell lines Kasumi-1 ...
Bellow Sébastien - - 2012
Accurate localization of phytoalexins is a key for better understanding their role. This work aims to localize stilbenes, the main phytoalexins of grapevine. The cellular localization of stilbene fluorescence induced by Plasmopara viticola, the agent of downy mildew, was determined in grapevine leaves of very susceptible, susceptible, and partially resistant ...
Blivet-Van Eggelpoël Marie-José - - 2012
Sorafenib is the standard of care for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, primary and acquired resistance is observed in patients. We examined whether gefitinib, which inhibits both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-3 phosphorylation, could improve HCC cell response to sorafenib. Sorafenib and gefitinib were tested ...
Pressey Joseph G JG Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, - - 2013
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is characterized by features of skeletal muscle and is comprised of two major histological subtypes, embryonal (E-RMS), and alveolar (A-RMS). Subsets of each RMS subtype demonstrate resistance to multimodal therapy leading to treatment failure. Cancer stem cells or cancer-initiating cells (CIC) represent a theorized population of cells that ...
Sun Nian-Kang - - 2012
In the present study, we observed that the Golgi-SNARE GS28 forms a complex with p53 in HEK293 cells. Given that p53 represents a tumor suppressor involved in sensitivity to various chemotherapeutic drugs, we examined whether GS28 may be implicated in resistance to the DNA-damaging drug cisplatin, whereas no sensitization effect ...
Bhatia Prateek - - 2012
The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), an ATP binding cassette (ABC) efflux transporter, plays a role in multiple drug resistance (MDR). Previous studies of the subcellular location of the ABC transporter P-glycoprotein indicated that this protein is expressed in nuclear membranes. This study examines the nuclear distribution of BCRP in ...
Filipczak Piotr Teodor - - 2012
Human HSPA2 is a member of the HSPA (HSP70) family of heat-shock proteins, encoded by the gene originally described as testis-specific. Recently, it has been reported that HSPA2 can be also expressed in human somatic tissues in a cell-type specific manner. The aim of the present study was to find ...
McDonnell Marie E - - 2012
Accumulation of macrophages and T cells within crown-like structures (CLS) in subcutaneous adipose tissue predicts disease severity in obesity-related insulin resistance (OIR). Although rodent data suggest the B cell is an important feature of these lesions, B cells have not been described within the human CLS. In order to identify ...
Sodani Kamlesh - - 2012
The overexpression of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters often leads to the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) and results in a suboptimal response to chemotherapy. Previously, we reported that lapatinib (GW572016), a human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), significantly reverses MDR in cancer cells ...
Zhang Yifeng - - 2012
Electric energy can be harvested from aquatic sediments by utilizing microbial fuel cells (MFCs). A main challenge of this application is the limited voltage output. In this study, an innovative self-stacked submersible MFC (SSMFC) was developed to improve the voltage generation from lake sediments. The SSMFC successfully produced a maximum ...
Kim Jeehwan - - 2012
The viability of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as a transparent conducting electrode on a-Si:H based single junction solar cells was explored. A Schottky barrier formed at a SWCNT/a-Si:H interface was removed by introducing high work function gold nanodots at the SWCNT/a-Si:H interface. This allows comparable device performance from SWCNT-electrode-based a-Si:H ...
Yamauchi Yoshikane - - 2012
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is known to be widely resistant to therapy and new treatment strategies are needed. Curcumin, which has a long history as a dietary spice is known to suppress the growth of multiple cancer lines, but the effects on mesothelioma cells are not well defined. In the present ...
Minami Toshiyuki - - 2012
Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) easily acquires multidrug resistance after successful initial therapy. Overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters is important for the multidrug resistance. Among them, ABCB1 and ABCG2 are known to be upregulated in chemoresistant SCLC. We found that human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expressions are ...
Huang Shile - - 2012
Comment on: Zhang Y, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:594-603.
Cetintas Vildan B - - 2012
We have investigated defective steps in apoptosis that might account for the development of resistance. For this purpose, A549 and Calu1 NSCLC (non-small-cell lung cancer) cell lines were treated with cisplatin to obtain resistant sub-lines. Gene expression profiles and the phosphorylation status of the BAD (Bcl-2/Bcl-XL-antagonist, causing cell death) protein ...
Stovbun S V - - 2012
Strings, anisometric structures with length-diameter ratio of 10(1)-10(5) are formed in some homochiral solutions at a concentration of 10(-3)-10(-2) M. We studied macroscopic properties of strings (strength, charge at the ends, etc.) and showed that these strings can provide a power commutation of cells. The strength and electrostatic driving force ...
Manfé Valentina - - 2012
P53 is rarely mutated in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and is therefore a promising target for innovative therapeutic approaches. Nutlin-3a is an inhibitor of MDM2 (human homolog of murine double minute 2), which disrupts its interaction with p53, leading to the stabilization and activation of p53. To investigate the potential ...
Murphy Robert F - - 2012
Despite the clinical success of platinum-containing drugs in the treatment of solid tumors, acquired resistance remains a major obstacle. We previously identified a group of novel transplanaramine or transplatinum compounds based on distinct activity profiles in the NCI-60 panel. In the present study, parental KB-3.1 cells with wild-type p53 and ...
Falso Miranda J Sarachine - - 2012
Recurrence is a common problem in bladder cancer; this has been attributed to cancer stem cells. In this study, we characterized potential cancer stem cell populations isolated from three cell lines that demonstrate different responses to cisplatin. The ALDEFLUOR® assay was used to isolate cells from TCCSUP, T24, and 5637 ...
Hong Sung-Hyeok - - 2012
The complexity of the process of metastasis is widely recognized. We report herein on a recurrent feature of high compared to low metastatic cells that is linked to their ability to survive early after their arrival at secondary sites. Using novel fluorescent-based imaging strategies that assess tumor cell interaction with ...
Robinson Michael W MW Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, University of Toledo College of Medicine, 3000 Arlington Ave., Toledo, Ohio 43614, - - 2012
Methuosis is a novel caspase-independent form of cell death in which massive accumulation of vacuoles derived from macropinosomes ultimately causes cells to detach from the substratum and rupture. We recently described a chalcone-like compound, 3-(2-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-(4-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-one (i.e., MIPP), which can induce methuosis in glioblastoma and other types of cancer cells. Herein, ...
Jung M-J - - 2012
The hypothesis of cancer stem cells has been proposed to explain the therapeutic failure in a variety of cancers including lung cancers. Previously, we demonstrated acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, a feature highly reminiscent of cancer stem-like cells, in gefitinib-resistant A549 cells (A549/GR). Here, we show that A549/GR cells contain a ...
Das Swagatika - - 2012
A series of bis[3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-oxo-1-piperidinyl]amides 1 display potent cytotoxic properties towards a wide range of tumours. A number of the CC(50) and IC(50) values are in the range of 10(-8) M. Specifically, these compounds have the following important properties. First, greater toxicity was demonstrated towards certain tumours than various non-malignant cells. Second, ...
Lobez Jose M - - 2012
The motivation of this study is to determine if small amounts of designer additives placed at the polymer-fullerene interface in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells can influence their performance. A series of AB-alternating side-chain-functionalized poly(thiophene) analogues, P1-6, are designed to selectively localize at the interface between regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (rr-P3HT) and ...
Li Xin-Xing - - 2012
The cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis proposes that CSCs, which can renew themselves proliferate infinitely, and escape chemotherapy, become the root of recurrence and metastasis. Previous studies have verified that side population (SP) cells, characterized by their ability to efflux lipophilic substrate Hoechst 33342, to share many characteristics of CSCs ...
Fouque Emilie - - 2012
Free-living amoebae are protozoa found in soil and water. Among them, some are pathogenic and many have been described as potential reservoirs of pathogenic bacteria. Their cell cycle is divided into at least two forms, the trophozoite and the cyst, and the differentiation process is named encystment. As cysts are ...
Wang Fang F State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510060, P. R. - - 2012
S1-M1-80 cells, derived from human colon carcinoma S1 cells, are mitoxantrone-selected ABCG2-overexpressing cells and are widely used in in vitro studies of multidrug resistance(MDR). In this study, S1-M1-80 cell xenografts were established to investigate whether the MDR phenotype and cell biological properties were maintained in vivo. Our results showed that ...
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