Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2414
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Yumoto Ryoko - - 2012
The mechanism of cancer cell death induced by KP018, an ethanol extract of Thai Plant Ellipeiopsis cherrevensis, was examined in paclitaxel-resistant HepG2 (PR-HepG2) and colon-26 cells using flow cytometry. In PR-HepG2 cells, KP018 induced necrosis in a concentration-dependent manner. Necrosis of PR-HepG2 cells induced by KP018 as well as by ...
Nishimura Yukio - - 2012
Gefitinib is known to suppress the activation of EGFR signaling, which is required for cell survival and proliferation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. We previously demonstrated that the gefitinib-sensitive NSCLC cell line PC9 shows efficient ligand-induced endocytosis of phosphorylated EGFR (pEGFR). In contrast, the gefitinib-resistant NSCLC cell ...
Hansen Anne - - 2012
The health threat caused by multiresistant bacteria has continuously increased and recently peaked with pathogens resistant to all current drugs. This has triggered intense research efforts to develop novel compounds to overcome the resistance mechanisms. Thus, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been intensively studied, especially the family of proline-rich AMPs (PrAMPs) ...
Xavier Cristina P R - - 2012
Colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) with P53 mutations have been shown to be resistant to chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), the most widely used chemotherapeutic drug for CRC treatment. Autophagy is emerging as a promising therapeutic target for drug-resistant tumors. In the present study, we tested the effects of ursolic acid (UA), a ...
Liu Li - - 2012
Imatinib resistance remains the big hurdle for CML therapy. Previous study reveals that c-myc is important for bcr-abl CML cell proliferation, while its role in imatinib resistance is largely unknown. In this study, we first found that c-myc expression is upregulated in imatinib resistant K562R cells, which in turn enhances ...
Wang Guanyu - - 2012
Radiotherapy (RT) is a major modality of cancer treatment. However, tumors often acquire radioresistance, which causes RT to fail. The exact mechanisms by which tumor cells subjected to fractionated irradiation (FIR) develop an adaptive radioresistance are largely unknown. Using the radioresistant KYSE-150R esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) model, which was ...
Montaldi Ana P - - 2012
Chemoresistance represents a major obstacle to successful treatment for malignant glioma with temozolomide. N (7)-methyl-G and N (3)-methyl-A adducts comprise more than 80 % of DNA lesions induced by temozolomide and are processed by the base excision repair, suggesting that the cellular resistance could be caused, in part, by this efficient ...
Quezada Claudia - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells are characterised by their extreme chemoresistance. The activity of multiple-drug resistance (MDR) transporters that extrude antitumour drugs from cells plays the most important role in this phenomenon. To date, the mechanism controlling the expression and activity of MDR transporters is poorly understood. Activity of the enzyme ...
de Farias Caroline Brunetto - - 2012
The clinical success of targeted treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) is often limited by resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy. The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor TrkB have recently emerged as anticancer targets, and we have previously shown increased BDNF levels in CRC tumor samples. ...
de Llobet Lara I - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Radiation resistance is a major cause of death in cancer patients. Cancer cells react during radiotherapy by re-programming specific cell functions that may confer resistance to radiation. The understanding of this complex process is hindered due to the lack of appropriate study models. We describe an experimental development of ...
Harada Daijiro - - 2012
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib, are effective for non-small cell lung cancer with activating EGFR mutations. However, even in patients with an initial dramatic response to such a drug, acquired resistance develops after 6-12 months. A secondary mutation of T790M in EGFR ...
Kim Dal-Ho - - 2012
In the current study, we fabricated polymer (poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C(61) butyric-acid methyl-ester (PCBM) blend) photovoltaic (PV) cells embedded with p-type single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with tangled hair morphology. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) rapidly increased with SWCNT concentration of up to 6.83% coverage, and then decreased and saturated ...
Wang Meng - - 2012
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells with somatic mutations in epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) are initially susceptible to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI); however, eventually resistance to TKI is developed in these cells, which leads to the failure of treatment. The most common mechanism of this acquired drug resistance is development ...
Siminas S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) is a rare and usually unexpected cause of primary amenorrhoea that results from receptor resistance to androgens, producing a female phenotype in genetically male patients. CASE: A 16-year-old girl was diagnosed with CAIS after investigations for primary amenorrhoea. Her left inguinal gonad and the ...
Liu Nenghui - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish tumor tissue specific delivery of let-7i miRNA to reverse paclitaxel-induced chemoresistance. A chimera that combines MUC1 aptamer and let-7i miRNA was tested in OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cells. Results demonstrated that the chimera can specifically be delivered into OVCAR-3 cells and the released ...
Tsubaki Masanobu - - 2012
Multidrug resistance represents a major obstacle for the chemotherapy of a wide variety of human tumors. To investigate the underlying mechanisms associated with resistance to anti-cancer drugs, we established anti-cancer drug-resistant multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines RPMI8226/ADM, RPMI8226/VCR, RPMI8226/DEX, and RPMI8226/L-PAM, the 50% inhibitory concentration values of which were 77-, ...
Zhao Shan - - 2012
Despite recent advancements in therapeutic drugs, multiple myeloma remains an incurable disease. Therefore, a more effective treatment is urgently required. In this study, we show that isobavachalcone (IBC), a natural chalcone compound, induces apoptosis- and autophagy-related cell death in myeloma cells. The inhibition of autophagy by knocking down beclin-1 or ...
Patrauchan Marianna A - - 2012
Rhodococcus jostii RHA1, a catabolically diverse soil actinomycete, is highly resistant to long-term nutrient starvation. After 2 years of carbon starvation, 10% of the bacterial culture remained viable. To study the molecular basis of such resistance, we monitored the abundance of about 1,600 cytosolic proteins during a 2-week period of ...
Zhang Man M Department of Clinical Laboratory, Beijing Shi Ji Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2013
c-Abl is a proto-oncogene that is essential for mouse development and tissue homeostasis. Misregulation of c-Abl, as seen in the constitutively active BCR-ABL, is the leading cause of human chronic myeloid leukemia. However, how the Abl proteins execute their functions still remains largely unknown. Here, we report an important role ...
Zhang Xinxin - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate the dual-functional liposome (LPG) with synthetic polymeric nano-biomaterial (Gal-P123) that targets cancer cells and reverses multidrug resistance (MDR) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The mitoxantrone (MX) loaded LPG (MX-LPG) was about 100 nm in diameter, spherically shaped, and had an encapsulation ...
Qiu Yang - - 2012
Esophageal cancer (EC) is the most common esophageal malignancy and has a dismal prognosis. Developing novel strategies to reverse the resistance to chemotherapeutics in EC is currently of intense interest. The wide-type p53 induced gene 1 (WIG-1) is a p53-regulated transcription factor. The effect of WIG-1 on the regulation of ...
Gocek Elżbieta E Department of Biotechnology, University of Wroclaw, Tamka 2, 50-137 Wroclaw, - - 2012
Some leukemic cell lines can be driven to differentiate to monocyte-like cells by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D) and to granulocyte-like cells by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). Acute myloid leukemias (AMLs) are heterogeneous blood malignancies characterized by a block at various stages of hematopoietic differentiation and there are more than 200 known ...
Fukuda Tomokazu - - 2012
The pig is an important animal for both agricultural and medical purposes. However, the number of pig-derived cell lines is relatively limited when compared with mouse- and human-derived lines. We established in this study a retroviral conditional expression system for the Simian vacuolating virus 40 large T fragment (SV40T) which ...
Mondal D - - 2012
This paper reports the design and fabrication of electrode microtraps for single cell trapping and impedance measurement. In this work, the microtrap electrodes of parallel and elliptical geometry have been fabricated by electroplating of gold electrodes of optimum thickness. This has enabled the formation of electrode traps without requiring any ...
Kang Rong - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine whether autophagy was involved in cisplatin (CDDP) resistance and to investigate the role of the autophagy in the regulation of chemosensitivity to CDDP in laryngeal cancer Hep-2 cells. METHODS: A WST-1 assay was performed to determine cell viability and cell proliferation. ...
Helbig Stephanie - - 2012
Colicin M (Cma) is a protein toxin produced by Escherichia coli that kills sensitive E. coli cells by inhibiting murein biosynthesis in the periplasm. Recombinant plasmids carrying cbrA (formerly yidS) strongly increased resistance of cells to Cma, whereas deletion of cbrA increased Cma sensitivity. Transcription of cbrA is positively controlled ...
Kandala Prabodh K - - 2012
Anoikis is a cell death that occurs due to detachment of a cell from the extracellular matrix (ECM). Resistance to anoikis is a primary feature of a cell that undergoes metastasis. In this study for the first time, we demonstrated the potential role of Gli1 in anoikis resistance. Treatment of ...
Kim Kunhong - - 2012
Previously, we reported that high PKCK2 activity could protect cancer cells from death receptor-mediated apoptosis through phosphorylation of procaspase-2. Because anoikis is another form of apoptosis, we asked whether PKCK2 could similarly confer resistance to anoikis on cancer cells. Human esophageal squamous cancer cell lines with high PKCK2 activity (HCE4 ...
Sun Stella - - 2012
Temozolomide (TMZ) is standard chemotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Intratumoral hypoxia is common in GBM and may be associated with the development of TMZ resistance. Oxygen therapy has previously been reported to potentiate the effect of chemotherapy in cancer. In this study, we investigated whether hyperoxia can enhance the TMZ-induced ...
Bonet Caroline - - 2012
Metastatic melanoma is a deadly skin cancer and is resistant to almost all existing treatment. Vemurafenib, which targets the BRAFV600E mutation, is one of the drugs that improves patient outcome, but the patients next develop secondary resistance and a return to cancer. Thus, new therapeutic strategies are needed to treat ...
Eid Safaa Yehia - - 2012
Proteins of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily, mainly P-glycoprotein (P-gp; MDR1), play an important role in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells and thus in the potential failure of chemotherapy. A selection of carotenoids (β-carotene, crocin, retinoic acid, canthaxanthin, and fucoxanthin) was investigated whether they are substrates of ...
Duan Xiaohong - - 2012
The precursors of odontoclast and the molecular mechanism by which odontoclasts resorb dentine remain unclear. MDPC-23 cells were derived from dental papilla cells and possessed odontoblast characteristics such as expressing dentine sialophosphoprotein (Dspp) and dentine matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (Dmp1). Here we induced MDPC-23 cells to have odontoclast-like functions with ...
Lin Chang-Shen CS Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. - - 2012
Because Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated (ATM)-deficient cells are hypersensitive to ionizing irradiation and DNA-damaging agents, ATM kinase inhibition is thought to enhance radiochemotherapy efficacy. In this study, we investigated the roles of autophagy and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in modulating cytotoxicity induced by suppression of ATM kinase in head and neck ...
Carloni V - - 2012
Chemoresistance is an important concern in the treatment of metastatic colon cancer. It may emerge through selection of clones that are inherently resistant from the outset or through mechanisms acquired during treatment. Cell fusion represents an efficient means of rapid phenotypic evolution that make cells with new properties at a ...
Hazawa Masaharu - - 2012
The acquisition of resistance to radiation has been a matter of concern in clinical cases. However, mechanisms underlying the acquisition of radiation resistance are yet to be elucidated. We established a radiation-resistant strain (Res-HL60 cells) from HL60 leukemic cells and investigated their response to radiation. Res-HL60 cells not only proliferated ...
Lee Kwanwoo - - 2012
Centriole disengagement is considered an essential step for licensing a new round of centriole duplication in the next cell cycle. Separase is critical for centriole disengagement. Here, we showed that pericentrin B (PCNTB) is specifically cleaved by separase at the exit of mitosis. The cleavage-resistant PCNTB mutant blocks the centriole ...
Buontempo Francesca - - 2012
Several lines of evidence suggest that the IκB kinase (IKK)/nuclear factor-κB (NFκB) axis is required for viability of leukemic cells and is a predictor of relapse in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Moreover, many anticancer agents induce NFκB nuclear translocation and activation of its target genes, which counteract cellular resistance ...
Danko B - - 2012
Protoapigenone (PA), a natural flavonoid possessing an unusual p-quinol moiety on its B ring, is a prospective novel lead compound against cancer currently in development, together with WYC0209, a potent synthetic PA analog. Structure activity relationships (SAR) concerning different 1'-O-alkyl side-chains were also studied on two sets of derivatives. Fifteen ...
Yang Xiaoyan - - 2012
Recently, we have reported tissue- and stage-specific expression of miR-195 in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and so far, not many reports discuss the function of this microRNA (miRNA). Expression profiling of miRNAs revealed a limited set of miRNAs with altered expression in drug resistant hepatocellular carcinoma cell line BEL-7402/5-FU compared ...
Law Alison A - - 2012
Drug resistance is a major obstacle to cancer cure and may influence [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) incorporation. In this study, glucose transport, hexokinase activity and [18F]-FDG incorporation were measured in drug-resistant tumour cells generated by exposing H630 colon and MCF7 breast cancer cells to increasing concentrations of tomudex (raltitrexed) or 5-fluorouracil (5FU). ...
Wasim Muhamamd - - 2012
Glucocorticoids (GC) actuate apoptosis as well as cell cycle arrest in lymphocytes, and included as core element in the lymphoid malignancy treatment. Despite clinical significance of GC and considerable efforts to understand it, the molecular basis of GC regulated cell death and the resistance phenomenon remains, however, poorly understood. Using ...
Kim Min-Gyun - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between cisplatin resistance and histone deacetylase (HDAC) isoform overexpression in ovarian cancer cell lines. Expression of four HDAC isoforms (HDAC 1, 2, 3, and 4) in two ovarian cancer cell lines, SKOV3 and OVCAR3, exposed to various concentrations of cisplatin was examined by western blot analyses. ...
Can Geylani - - 2012
To examine the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of resveratrol on imatinib-sensitive and imatinib-resistant K562 chronic myeloid leukemia cells. Antiproliferative effects of resveratrol were determined by the 3-Bis[2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulphophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide inner salt (XTT) cell proliferation assay. Apoptotic effects of resveratrol on sensitive K562 and resistant K562/IMA-3 cells were determined through changes in caspase-3 ...
Samanta Debangshu - - 2012
While numerous cell signaling pathways are known to play decisive roles in chemotherapeutic response, relatively little is known about the impact of the Smad-dependent transforming growth factor β pathway on the therapeutic outcome. Previous reports suggested that patients with lung cancer who continue to smoke while receiving chemotherapy have a ...
Acuña Ulyana Muñoz - - 2012
(5Z)-7-Oxozeaenol was studied to reveal the path through which it exerts its effects on triple-negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The apoptotic effect of (5Z)-7-oxozeaenol on MDA-MB-231 cancer cells was analyzed by cell flow cytometry. The effects of (5Z)-7-oxozeaenol on the expression of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65, p50, ...
Poudel Prashant - - 2012
A composite counter electrode (CE) made of electrospun carbon nanofibers (ECNs) and platinum (Pt) nanoparticles has been demonstrated for the first time to improve the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The new ECN-Pt composite CE exhibited a more efficient electro-catalytic performance with lower charge transfer resistance (R(ct)), larger surface ...
Li Liping - - 2012
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) of bladder transitional cell cancers (BTCC) had not been identified by the reported common methods. According to the phenomenon that CSCs were resistant to chemotherapy, BTCC cell lines T24 and 5637 were cultured with mitomycin C respectively. Cell inhibition assay revealed an increased population of drug ...
Borska Sylwia - - 2012
The benefits of plant polyphenols as chemotherapeutic agents are of great interest due to their possible anti-cancerogenic activities. Results available up to now suggest that flavonoid quercetin induces lethal effect in many types of tumours and may sensitize resistant cells to drugs. The aim of the study was to examine ...
Lopez Patricia L C - - 2012
Objective: Glioblastomas are a kind of cancer with high resistance to treatments, requiring more efficient alternatives of treatment. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) is highly expressed in gliomas and, due to its inhibition of caspases, can participate in resistance to therapy. Here we test the sensitization of glioma cells with ...
Geng Songmei - - 2012
Increasing evidences have indicated that only a phenotypic subset of cancer cells, termed as the cancer stem cells (CSCs), is capable of initiating tumor growth and provide a reservoir of cells that cause tumor recurrence after therapy. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a cell type change from an epithelial cobblestone phenotype to ...
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