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Adlercreutz Dietlind - - 2012
Fluorescently tagged glycosides containing terminal α(1→3) and α(1→4)-linked thiogalactopyranosides have been prepared and tested for resistance to hydrolysis by α-galactosidases. Eight fluorescent glycosides containing either galactose or 5-thiogalactose as the terminal sugar were enzymatically synthesized using galactosyltransferases, with lactosyl glycosides as acceptors and UDP-galactose or UDP-5'-thiogalactose, respectively, as donors. The ...
Fasih Aisha - - 2012
Increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) in breast cancer (BC) is often associated with trastuzumab (Herceptin)-resistant forms of the disease and represents an attractive target for novel therapies. Nimotuzumab is a humanized IgG(1) monoclonal antibody that is in clinical trials for treatment of EGFR-overexpressing malignancies. We show here ...
Edwards S L - - 2012
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a high performance polymer, with high melting temperature and high resistance to wear. PEEK biomedical devices are typically manufactured to produce nonflexible structures. In this study, we fabricated flexible PEEK scaffolds from multifilament and monofilament yarns, using weaving technologies. Scaffolds were compared for structural and mechanical properties, ...
Armstrong Christine A - - 2012
The ability of ionizing radiation to initiate genomic instability has been harnessed in the clinic where the localized delivery of controlled doses of radiation is used to induce cell death in tumor cells. Though very effective as a therapy, tumor relapse can occur in vivo and its appearance has been ...
Zhang Mei-Jiang - - 2012
EDAG is a hematopoietic tissue-specific transcription regulator that plays a key role in maintaining the homeostasis of hematopoietic lineage commitment. In AML patients, the high expression level of EDAG is associated with poor prognosis. NPM1 (Nucleophosmin or B23), a ubiquitous nucleolar phosphoprotein, has been proved to be a multifunctional protein ...
Chatzakos V - - 2012
High doses of selenite have been shown to induce cell death in acute myeloid leukemia and lung cancer cells. In this study, we combined selenite treatment with modulators of sphingolipid metabolism in the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Huh7. Treatment with 20μM of selenite reduced the viability of Huh7 cells by ...
Hung Chin-Sheng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Survivin is a potential therapeutic target for cancer. Increased survivin expression promotes cell survival and therapeutic resistance. However, there is little information regarding whether the expression level of survivin affects curcumin treatment in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Survivin expression was suppressed in HCC cells using a short interfering RNA ...
Pires I M - - 2012
Most solid tumours contain regions of sub-optimal oxygen concentration (hypoxia). Hypoxic cancer cells are more resistant to radiotherapy and represent the most aggressive fraction of a tumour. It is therefore essential that strategies continue to be developed to target hypoxic cancer cells. Inhibition of the DNA damage response (DDR) might ...
Lee Yeonju - - 2012
Water-soluble, PAX-loaded carbon nanotubes are fabricated by employing a synthetic polyampholyte, PDM. To investigate the suitability of the polyampholyte and the nanotubes as drug carriers, different cellular interactions such as the human epithelial Caco-2 cells viability, their effect on the cell growth, and the change in the transepithelial electrical resistance ...
Camozzi Daria - - 2012
Mandibuloacral dysplasia type A (MADA) is a rare laminopathy characterized by growth retardation, craniofacial anomalies, bone resorption at specific sites including clavicles, phalanges and mandibula, mottled cutaneous pigmentation, skin rigidity, partial lipodystrophy, and insulin resistance. The disorder is caused by recessive mutations of the LMNA gene encoding for A-type lamins. ...
Wong Cynthie - - 2012
Aromatase inhibitors (AI) are currently the first line therapy for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive postmenopausal women. De novo AI resistance is when a patient intrinsically does not respond to an AI therapy as well as other targeted endocrine therapy. To characterize this type of resistance and to examine potential therapies for ...
Ceylan C - - 2012
Nilotinib is a second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor which is used in both first and second line treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In the present work, the effects of nilotinib resistance on K562 cells were investigated at the molecular level using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Human K562 CML ...
Barrera Lawrence N - - 2012
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a progressive malignant disorder characterized by accumulation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. MM remains an incurable disease with a 5-y survival rate of approximately 40%. While clinical response rates to first line chemotherapeutics are high, disease relapse is inevitable, and occurs because a small ...
Qi Zhengyu - - 2012
Bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)and adipose-tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs)are virtually identical in cell surface marker profile and differentiation potential. These cell populations have promising characteristics for clinical application. In this study, we evaluated the sensitivity of these cell populations to various chemotherapeutic agents by testing the inhibition of cell proliferation, ...
Ryu Seung-Hee - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antitumor effect of a blocking antibody for EGFR in the cytoplasm of a lung cancer cell line. The A549 and H1299 cell lines were employed to demonstrate differential responses to cetuximab in combination with radiotherapy. Localization of EGFR was detected using ...
Penman Bridget S - - 2012
Genetic disorders of haemoglobin (haemoglobinopathies), including the thalassaemias and sickle cell anaemia, abound in historically malarious regions, due to the protection they provide against death from severe malaria. Despite the overall spatial correlation between malaria and these disorders, inter-population differences exist in the precise combinations of haemoglobinopathies observed. Greece and ...
Lång Emma - - 2012
Arsenic in the form of arsenic trioxide (ATO) is used as a therapeutic drug for treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). The mechanism by which this agent cures this disease has previously been shown to involve direct interactions between ATO and the promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) as well as accelerated ...
Duong Hong-Quan - - 2012
Gemcitabine (GEM) is the front-line standard chemotherapy used for the treatment of pancreatic cancer; however, chemoresistance to GEM remains the major obstacle to the successful control of this disease. Both the expression levels and activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1) are important features of tumor-initiating and/or cancer stem cell properties ...
Motohashi Norio - - 2012
Muscle satellite cells are largely responsible for skeletal muscle regeneration following injury. Side population (SP) cells, which are thought to be muscle stem cells, also contribute to muscle regeneration. SP cells exhibit high mesenchymal potential, and are a possible cell source for therapy of muscular dystrophy. However, the mechanism by ...
Sakuma Yuji - - 2012
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant lung adenocarcinoma cells in suspension undergo apoptosis to a greater extent than adherent cells in a monolayer when EGFR autophosphorylation is inhibited by EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). This suggests that cell adhesion to a culture dish may activate an anti-apoptotic signaling pathway other than ...
Gancz Dana - - 2012
Nucleated cells are equipped with several mechanisms that support their resistance to complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). The role of the NF-κB pathway in cell protection from CDC was examined. Elevated sensitivity to CDC was demonstrated in cells lacking the p65 subunit of NF-κB or the IκB kinases IKKα or IKKβ, and ...
Xu Ke - - 2012
Colorectal carcinoma is a frequent cause of cancer-related death in the world for men and women. MicroRNAs are endogenous small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression negatively at posttranscriptional level. Here we investigated the possible role of microRNAs in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in colorectal carcinoma cells. We ...
Wang Yi - - 2012
Pseudoalteromonas sp. 1020R, isolated from the Pacific coast of Japan, produces prodigiosin family pigments. Structural analysis indicated that these are prodigiosin (2-methyl-3-pentyl-prodiginine) and three other prodigiosin congeners which differ only in the lengths of the alkyl side chains. These compounds exhibited different extents of cytotoxicity against U937 leukemia cells, and ...
Kanno Syu-Ichi - - 2012
We previously showed that the B cell leukemia cell line NALM-6 had the highest susceptibility among a number of leukemia cell lines to spiruchostatin B (SP-B), a potent histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor. We also showed that SP-B-induced cytotoxicity depended on induction of apoptosis that was mediated by p21waf1/cip1 expression. In ...
Kamarajan Pachiyappan P Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1078, - - 2012
Regulating cross-talk between anoikis and survival signaling pathways is crucial to regulating tissue processes and mitigating diseases like cancer. Previously, the authors demonstrated that anoikis activates a signaling pathway involving the CD95/Fas-mediated signaling pathway that is regulated by receptor-interacting protein (RIP), a kinase that shuttles between Fas-mediated cell death and ...
Kawazoe Hisashi - - 2012
Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor approved for the systemic treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, it has transient effect due to acquired resistance. Targeting glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) can be an effective way to trigger apoptosis in RCC. Here we observed that sorafenib induced cell growth retardation and ...
Pilz Magdalena - - 2012
Although combination of surgery with chemotherapy has noticeably improved the survival rate of osteosarcoma patients, the application of anticancer drugs is still associated with significant adverse reactions, for instance acquisition of drug-resistant phenotypes, necessitating the development of new chemotherapeutical agents. Therefore, the aim of this study was to research, if ...
Peyre Ludovic - - 2012
Endosulfan is an organochlorine pesticide commonly used in agriculture yet classified by the Stockholm Convention in 2011 as a persistent organic pollutant (POP). Its potential toxicity makes its continued use a major public health concern. Despite studies in laboratory animals, the molecular mechanisms underlying the carcinogenic effects of endosulfan in ...
Ke Xia - - 2012
Acquisition of anoikis resistance is a prerequisite for the metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Activation of growth factor signaling pathways and rearrangement of the cytoskeleton have been reported as vital steps in this process. However, key molecules involved in anoikis resistance remain to be determined. The aim of this ...
Racicot Karen - - 2012
Dairy cattle suffer from high percentages of early embryonic loss, and therefore, it is critical to study the function of the uterus at this time. We hypothesize that the antiviral protein, myxovirus resistance (MX)1, regulates secretion in uterine glandular cells during early pregnancy. Uterine epithelial cells were used to study ...
Eisenberg-Lerner Avital - - 2012
Comment on: Ogawa T, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:1656-63.
Kim Jae-Sung - - 2012
The main obstacle to cure tumors by radiotherapy has been ascribed to tumor radioresistance. To determine the mechanisms underlying resistance to irradiation, it is essential to compare proteins differentially expressed from radiotherapy-sensitive and -resistant cancer cells. Aldehyde reductase (AKR1A1) was recently identified as increased in radioresistant laryngeal cancer cells by ...
Lai Pei Chun - - 2012
Pediatric glioblastoma is a malignant disease with an extremely poor clinical outcome. Patients usually suffer from resistance to radiation therapy, so targeted drug treatment may be a new possibility for glioblastoma therapy. Survivin is also overexpressed in glioblastoma. YM155, a novel small-molecule survivin inhibitor, has not been examined for its ...
Ellison Michael A - - 2012
Peroxiredoxin 6-phospholipase A(2) (Prdx6-PLA(2) ) is a bi-functional enzyme with peroxi-redoxin (Prdx) and phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2) ) activities. To investigate its impact on phagocyte NADPH oxidase (phox) activity in a neutrophil model, the protein was knocked down in PLB-985 cells using stable expression of a small hairpin RNA (shRNA) and ...
Shen Ding-Wu - - 2012
Cisplatin is one of the most effective broad-spectrum anticancer drugs. Its effectiveness seems to be due to the unique properties of cisplatin, which enters cells via multiple pathways and forms multiple different DNA-platinum adducts while initiating a cellular self-defense system by activating or silencing a variety of different genes, resulting ...
Lee Su-Jin - - 2012
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most commonly inherited autosomal dominant disorders. The malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a major cause of mortality in patients with NF1. In this study, we found that overexpression of Bcl-xL in the established NF1-associated MPNST cell line and primary tissue ...
Nie Danian - - 2012
Abstract Resistance to chemotherapy is still a challenge for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. Combination use of histone deacetylases inhibitors (HDACIs) and proteasome inhibitors may provide a potential way to overcome the drug resistance. One of the HDACIs, Valproic acid (VPA) and proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (BOR) were assessed. Co-exposure ...
Welsh Donald G - - 2012
Cell-cell communication among neighboring vascular cells plays an important role in blood flow control. In this overview, we highlight a series of expert opinion articles focused on key issues related to the foundational nature and functional importance of electrical and second messenger communication. These manuscripts are written in an opinionated ...
Cheng Chao - - 2012
Imidazopyridine CCT129202 is an inhibitor of Aurora kinase activity and displays favorable antineoplastic effect in preclinical studies. Here, we investigated the enhanced effect of CCT129202 on the cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs in multidrug resistant (MDR) cells with overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and cancer stem-like cells. CCT129202 of more ...
Kakisaka Keisuke - - 2012
Ballooned hepatocytes in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) generate sonic hedgehog (SHH). This observation is consistent with a cellular phenotype in which the cell death program has been initiated but cannot be executed. Our aim was to determine whether ballooned hepatocytes have potentially disabled the cell death execution machinery, and if so, ...
Reddy M V Ramana - - 2012
Tubulin, the major structural component of microtubules, is a target for the development of anticancer agents. A series of (Z)-1-aryl-3-arylamino-2-propen-1-one (10) were synthesized and evaluated for antiproliferative activity in cell-based assay. The most active compound (Z)-1-(2-bromo-3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-3-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenylamino)prop-2-en-1-one (10ae) was tested in 20 tumor cell lines including multidrug resistant phenotype and was ...
Yu Shudong - - 2012
The cancer stem cell (CSC) is responsible for the initiation, proliferation and radiation resistance. Side population (SP) cells are a rare subset of cells enriched with CSCs. The targeting of key signaling pathways that are active in CSCs is a therapeutic approach to treating cancer. Notch signaling is important for ...
Jiang Lei - - 2012
Promoter CpG hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes is an essential step in cancer progression but little is known about its effect on cancer multidrug resistance. In this study, we showed that CDH1 promoter was hypermethylated in drug resistance of a doxorubicin-induced multidrug resistant hepatocellular carcinoma cell line R-HepG2. Transfection of ...
Schuh Esther - - 2012
Gold(I) complexes with 1,3-substituted imidazole-2-ylidene and benzimidazole-2-ylidene ligands of the type NHC-Au-L (NHC = N-hetero-cyclic carbene L = Cl or 2-mercapto-pyrimidine have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative properties in human ovarian cancer cells sensitive and resistant to cisplatin (A2780S/R), as well in the ...
Alapati Kiranmai - - 2012
Despite advances in radiotherapeutic and chemotherapeutic techniques and aggressive surgical resection, the prognosis of glioblastoma patients is dismal. Accumulation of evidence indicates that some cancer cells survive even the most aggressive treatments, and these surviving cells, which are resistant to therapy and are perhaps essential for the malignancy, may be ...
Luo Yuchun Y Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado 80045, - - 2012
Side population (SP) cells are identified as cells capable of excluding the fluorescent Hoechst dye and anticancer drugs, and it represents hematopoietic stem cells and chemoresistant cells from several solid tumors. In this study, we confirmed the presence of SP cells in tumors from melanoma patients. Melanoma SP cells overexpressed ...
Furukawa Koichi - - 2012
Carbohydrates on the glycoproteins and glycosphingolipids expressed on the cell surface membrane play crucial roles in the determination of cell fates by being involved in the fine tuning of cell signaling as reaction molecules in the front line to various extrinsic stimulants. In glycoproteins, modification of proteins is performed by ...
Echeveste P - - 2012
Thresholds of Cd and Pb toxic to oceanic phytoplankton were examined in natural communities from the Mediterranean and Black Seas and the North East Atlantic Ocean. At concentrations of added Cd and Pb greater than 0.11 µg L(-1) , cell abundances and growth rates decreased with increasing addition of Cd and Pb, ...
Ge Yuqing - - 2012
Cryptotanshinone (CPT), a diterpene quinone isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza, is recently reported to have obvious anticancer activities against diverse cancer cells. However, the effect and regulatory mechanism of CPT remain unclear in human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells. In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative activity of CPT on the ...
Diez Berenice - - 2012
The effects of combined administration of doxorubicin (DOX) and vincristine (VCR), with 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic treatment (ALA-PDT), were analyzed in sensitive murine leukemic cell lines (LBR-) and DOX and VCR chemoresistant LBR-D160 and LBR-V160 cell lines. Low doses of DOX and VCR increased anti-cancer effect of ALA-PDT in LBR-cells. Decrease ...
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