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Chen Jian J Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Background: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents and is characterized by frequent metastasis and resistance to chemotherapy. Because osteosarcoma cells are not highly susceptible to current chemotherapy drugs, new alternative strategies for the treatment of osteosarcoma are needed. This study was undertaken to ...
Chen Gangyi G Division of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510405, P.R. - - 2014
Tanshinone ⅡA (TⅡA) is widely used for the treatment of a number human diseases, including diabetic nephropathy (DN) (1). The present study was performed to examine the role of the transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)/p65 pathway under TⅡA treatment in a glomerular mesangial cell model of DN. Firstly, it was identified that TⅡA ...
Sakashita Mizuha M Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Kitakyushu, 1-1, Hibikino, Wakamatsu-ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 808-0135, - - 2014
Highly efficient drug carriers targeting hepatocyte is needed for treatment for liver diseases such as liver cirrhosis and virus infections. Galactose or N-acetylgalactosamine is known to be recognized and incorporated into the cells through asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) that is exclusively expressed on hepatocyte and hepatoma. In this study, we synthesized ...
Lyons Deirdre C DC *Department of Biology, 4115 French Family Science Center, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA; Whitney Laboratory for Marine Biosciences, University of Florida, St Augustine, FL 32080, USA; Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, 9 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA dclyons1@gmail.com - - 2014
An adult animal's form is shaped by the collective behavior of cells during embryonic development. To understand the forces that drove the divergence of animal body-plans, evolutionary developmental biology has focused largely on studying genetic networks operating during development. However, it is less well understood how these networks modulate characteristics ...
Krasavin Mikhail M Department of Chemistry, St. Petersburg State University, Peterhof 198504, - - 2014
We discovered a new chemical class of antiproliferative agents, 4-(1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)piperidine-1-carboxamides. SAR-guided optimization of the two distinct terminal fragments yielded a compound with 120nM potency in an antiproliferative assay. Biological activity profile studies (COMPARE analysis) demonstrated that 4-(1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)piperidine-1-carboxamides act as tubulin inhibitors, and this conclusion was confirmed via biochemical assays with ...
Ometto Francesco F Cranfield University, Bedfordshire, - - 2014
Anaerobic digestion (AD) of microalgae is primarily inhibited by the chemical composition of their cell walls containing biopolymers able to resist bacterial degradation. Adoption of pre-treatments such as thermal, thermal hydrolysis, ultrasound and enzymatic hydrolysis have the potential to remove these inhibitory compounds and enhance biogas yields by degrading the ...
Eckerdt Frank F Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center and Division of Hematology- Oncology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
The mTOR pathway controls mRNA translation of mitogenic proteins and is a central regulator of metabolism in malignant cells. Development of malignant cell resistance is a limiting factor to the effects of mTOR inhibitors, but the mechanisms accounting for such resistance are not well understood. We provide evidence that mTORC1 ...
Liu Ying Y Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, DK-8830 Tjele, - - 2014
In somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), donor cell reprogramming is considered as a biologically important and vulnerable event. Various donor cell pre-treatments with Xenopus egg extracts can promote reprogramming. Here we investigated if the reprogramming effect of one treatment with Xenopus egg extract on donor cells was maintained for several ...
Moorthi A A Department of Biotechnology, School of Bioengineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur 603 203, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
At nanoscale, bioglass ceramic (nBGC) particles containing calcium oxide (lime), silica and phosphorus pentoxide promote osteoblast proliferation. However, the role of varied amounts of calcium and silica present in nBGC particles on osteoblast proliferation is not yet completely known. Hence, the current work was aimed at synthesizing two different nBGC ...
Vincent Zangiacomi Z Regional Resources Division, Shizuoka Cancer Center Research Institute, Shizuoka, - - 2014
During the past decade, cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) have drawn substantial interest in cancer research since they have been described as major targets to improve treatment of tumors and to prevent recurrence and metastasis. In this paper, we report on the search for CSCs within the Colo205 human adenocarcinoma cell ...
Petralia Ronald S RS Advanced Imaging Core, NIDCD/NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Here we review the examples of great longevity and potential immortality in the earliest animal types and contrast and compare these to humans and other higher animals. We start by discussing aging in single-celled organisms such as yeast and ciliates, and the idea of the immortal cell clone. Then we ...
Febriansah Rifki R Cancer Chemoprevention Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta, Indonesia ; Pharmacy study programme, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, - - 2014
To evaluate of hesperidin to overcome resistance of doxorubicin in MCF-7 resistant doxorubicin cells (MCF-7/Dox) in cytotoxicity apoptosis and P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression in combination with doxorubicin. The cytotoxic properties, 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) and its combination with doxorubicin in MCF-7 cell lines resistant to doxorubicin (MCF-7/Dox) cells were determined using ...
Cao Lihuan - - 2014
The molecular history of animal evolution from single-celled ancestors remains a major question in biology, and little is known regarding the evolution of cell cycle regulation during animal emergence. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive evolutionary analysis of CDK and cyclin proteins in metazoans and their unicellular relatives. Our ...
Huang Chuan-En CE School of Dentistry, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung 40201, Taiwan. - - 2014
Chemo-resistance is the major cause of high mortality in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) in which HNSCC-derived cancer stem cells (CSCs) may be involved. Previously, we enriched a subpopulation of HNSCC-derived spheroid cells (SC) (HNSCC-SC) and identified Nanog as a CSCs marker. The aim of this study was ...
Liu Jia J Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China E-mail : - - 2014
Radiation therapy is an important treatment for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, how to promote radiation sensitivity in HNSCC remains a challenge. This study aimed to investigate the radiosensitizing effects of fenofibrate on HNSCC and explore the underlying mechanisms. HNSCC cell lines CNE-2 and KB were subjected ...
Gong Joyce J Discipline of Pharmacy, Graduate School of Health, University of Technology Sydney , Sydney, NSW , Australia ; Sydney Medical School and Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney , Sydney, NSW , - - 2014
The successful treatment of cancer is hampered by drug resistance and metastasis. While these two obstacles were once considered separately, recent evidence associates resistance with an enhanced metastatic capacity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain undefined. We previously described the intercellular transfer of drug resistance via submicron vesicles called microparticles (MPs). ...
Fong Yao Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan 710, - - 2014
Sirtuins, NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases, could target both histones and nonhistone proteins in mammalian cells. Sirt1 is the major sirtuin and has been shown to involve various cellular processes, including antiapoptosis, cellular senescence. Sirt1 was reported to be overexpressed in many cancers, including lung cancer. Sirtinol, a specific inhibitor of Sirt1, has ...
Landmann H H Göttingen Centre of Molecular Biosciences (GZMB), Institute of Molecular Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, - - 2014
HSP90 inhibition represents a promising route to cancer therapy, taking advantage of cancer cell-inherent proteotoxic stress. The HSP90-inhibitor ganetespib showed benefit in advanced clinical trials. This raises the need to identify the molecular determinants of treatment response. We tested the efficacy of ganetespib on a series of colorectal cancer (CRC)-derived ...
Ke Xiao-Xue XX State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology, Southwest University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Histone methylation plays an important role in gene transcription and chromatin organization and is linked to the silencing of a number of critical tumor suppressor genes in tumorigenesis. G9a is a histone methyltransferase (HMTase) for histone H3 lysine 9. In this study, we investigated the role of G9a in neuroblastoma ...
Xu Wei W State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, Peking University, Beijing, China E-mail : - - 2014
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the growth inhibitory effect of the combination of ethaselen (BBSKE) and low fixed dose of selenite against A549 human non-small cell lung cancer cells in vitro. Growth inhibitory effects against A549 cells were determined by SRB assay. Combination index (CI) values were calculated ...
Huang Ching-Cheng CC Department of Biomedical Engineering, Ming-Chuan University, 5 De Ming Rd., Gui Shan District, Taoyuan, 333, Taiwan Metal Industries Research & Development Centre, 6F, No. 162-24, Sec. 3, Hsin-Yi Rd., Taipei 10658, - - 2014
The small intestinal submucosa (SIS) is an acellular collagen-based matrix, primarily composed of fibrillar collagens (types I, II, and V). They enhance healing due to a minimal immune response. A good degradation rate is the degradation of materials equal to the rate of remodeling in the host. The SIS should ...
Liu Feng - - 2013
Among epigenetic "writers", "readers", and "erasers", the lysine methyltransferases G9a and GLP, which catalyze mono- and dimethylation of histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me2) and non-histone proteins, have been implicated in a variety of human diseases. A "toolkit" of well-characterized chemical probes will allow biological and disease hypotheses concerning these proteins ...
Krejsa Cecile M - - 2013
Abstract Non-human primates may be the only relevant species for pharmacology or toxicology studies of certain biologics, due to lack of activity in other species. Flow cytometry immunophenotyping is often included as a minimally invasive adjunct to standard toxicity testing. A retrospective inter-laboratory analysis was conducted to assess counts and ...
Ceruti Stefania - - 2013
Purines and pyrimidines are fundamental signaling molecules in controlling the survival and proliferation of astrocytes, as well as in mediating cell-to-cell communication between glial cells and neurons in the healthy brain. The malignant transformation of astrocytes towards progressively more aggressive brain tumors (from astrocytoma to anaplastic glioblastoma) leads to modifications ...
Funakoshi Yohei Y Division of Medical Oncology/Hematology, Department of Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2013
We previously established acquired resistant models for MET-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) by continuously exposing the MET-amplified gastric cancer cell line MKN45 to MET-TKIs, PHA665752 (MKN45-PR), or GSK1363089 (MKN45-GR). We found resistant mechanisms caused by increased copy number of MET in both lines and Y1230H mutation in MKN45-PR. We also found ...
Xu Yan - - 2012
MDR (multidrug-resistance) represents a major obstacle to successful cancer chemotherapy and is usually accomplished by overexpression of P-gp (P-glycoprotein). Much effort has been devoted to developing P-gp inhibitors to modulate MDR. However, none of the inhibitors on the market have been successful. 1416 [1-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)-2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenylethylamino)propane hydrochloride (phenoprolamine hydrochloride)] is a new ...
Schultz Matthew J MJ Department of Cell, Developmental and Integrative Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, MCLM 982A 1918 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294-0005, - - 2012
Tumor cells exhibit striking changes in cell surface glycosylation as a consequence of dysregulated glycosyltransferases and glycosidases. In particular, an increase in the expression of certain sialylated glycans is a prominent feature of many transformed cells. Altered sialylation has long been associated with metastatic cell behaviors including invasion and enhanced ...
Minakata Kunihiko - - 2012
Somatic mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene, such as exon 19 deletion mutations, are important factors in determining therapeutic responses to gefitinib in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, some patients have activating mutations in EGFR and show poor responses to gefitinib. In this study, we examined three ...
Popp David - - 2012
In preparation for mammalian cell division, microtubules repeatedly probe the cytoplasm to capture chromosomes and assemble the mitotic spindle. Critical features of this microtubule system are the formation of radial arrays centered at the centrosomes and dynamic instability, leading to persistent cycles of polymerization and depolymerization. Here, we show that ...
Shen Jianan - - 2012
Drug resistance is a main obstacle for the successful chemotherapy of lung cancer. In this work, a new co-delivery system, P85-PEI/TPGS/PTX/shSur complex nanoparticles (PTPNs), to overcome paclitaxel (PTX) resistance in A549 human lung cancer was designed and developed. The experimental results showed that PTPNs could facilitate drug into cells and ...
Farooqi Ammad Ahmad - - 2012
Breast carcinogenesis is a multidimensional disease that has resisted drug-related solutions to date because of heterogeneity, disorganized spatiotemporal behavior of signal transduction cascades, cell cycle checkpoints, cell transition, plasticity, and impaired pro-apoptotic response. These synchronized oncogenic events, including protein-protein interaction, transcriptional-regulatory, and signaling networks, trigger genomic and transcriptional disturbances in ...
Hessel Stefanie - - 2012
A wide variety of contaminants are ingested through food, among them the pro-carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon benzo[a]pyrene (BP) that is resorbed and partially metabolized in the enterocytes of the small intestine. Previous in vitro studies have revealed that BP phenols are excreted as Phase II metabolites including glucuronides and sulfates. ...
Yang Huansheng - - 2012
Obesity in human is an alarming major public health crisis worldwide and insulin resistance is a hallmark of it. The negative cross-talk between skeletal muscle and adipose tissue through adipokines is now accepted as one of the leading cause of insulin resistance. Chemerin is a novel adipokine previously reported to ...
Gorgani Firuzjaee Sattar - - 2012
Palmitate has been shown to induce insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Leukocyte common antigen related (LAR) gene in palmitate-induced insulin resistance in C2C12 cells. A stable C2C12 cell line was generated using LAR short hairpin RNA (shRNA). The ...
Duraisingh Manoj T - - 2012
Sickle cell hemoglobin conveys resistance to malaria. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, LaMonte et al. (2012) demonstrate a surprising mechanism for this innate immunity. A microRNA enriched in sickle red blood cells is translocated into the parasite, incorporated covalently into P. falciparum mRNAs and inhibits parasite growth.
Mioulane Maxime M National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, ICTEM, Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Rd., London, - - 2012
Human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hPSC-CM) are being investigated as a new source of cardiac cells for drug safety assessment. We developed a novel scalable high content microscopy-based method for the detection of cell death in hPSC-CM that can serve for future predictive in vitro cardio-toxicological screens. Using rat neonatal ...
Xie Dan-Li - - 2012
T-cell anergy is a state of T cells that is hyporesponsive to stimulation via the T-cell receptor and costimulatory molecules and is thought to be important for self-tolerance. How T-cell anergy is regulated is still poorly understood. We report here that tuberous sclerosis (TSC)1 is critical for T-cell anergy. Deficiency ...
Zhang Haihong - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Side population (SP) cells may play a crucial role in tumorigenesis and the recurrence of cancer. Many kinds of cell lines and tissue have demonstrated presence of SP cells including different gastric cancer cell lines. However, is that true all SP cells contain cancer stem-like cells in gastric cancer ...
Radu T - - 2012
The behavior of yttria-alumina-silica spray-dried microspheres was investigated in vitro on a human keratinocyte cell line, first to exclude their cytotoxicity. The HaCaT cells were chosen due to their well-characterized phenotype and their phagocytic ability. Microscopic analysis and cell viability tests showed no negative effect of the microspheres on cells ...
Gilani Rabia A - - 2012
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are an effective therapy in treating estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Nonetheless, a significant percentage of patients either do not respond or become resistant to AIs. Decreased dependence on ER-signaling and increased dependence on growth factor receptor signaling pathways, particularly human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (EGFR2/HER2), have ...
Rosich Laia - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive B-lymphoid neoplasm with poor response to conventional chemotherapy and short survival. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/mTOR survival pathway is constitutively activated in MCL cells, thereby making the mTOR inhibition an attractive therapeutic strategy. The first clinical studies of everolimus (RAD001), an mTOR inhibitor, in ...
Mohan H M - - 2012
The gastrointestinal lumen is directly exposed to dietary contaminants, including patulin, a mycotoxin produced by moulds. Patulin is known to increase permeability across intestinal Caco-2 monolayers. This study aimed to determine the effect of patulin on permeability, ion transport and morphology in isolated rat colonic mucosae. Mucosal sheets were mounted ...
Yoo Seung Hee - - 2012
The Bcl-2 protein is known to exert not only anti-apoptotic but also anti-autophagic activities. Numerous studies have demonstrated that etoposide, which is one of the most widely used cancer chemotherapy agents, induces apoptotic cell death. However, the exact molecular mechanism leading to cell death by etoposide remains to be resolved. ...
Chell V - - 2013
Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) can act as driving oncoproteins in certain cancers, making them attractive drug targets. Here we have characterized tumour cell responses to two new inhibitors of FGFR1-3, AZ12908010 and the clinical candidate AZD4547, making comparisons with the well-characterized FGFR inhibitor PD173074. In a panel of 16 ...
Zeimet A G - - 2012
Because of its semi-solid character in dissemination and growth, advanced ovarian cancer with its hundreds of peritoneal tumor nodules and plaques appears to be an excellent in vivo model for studying the cancer stem cell hypothesis. The most important obstacle, however, is to adequately define and isolate these tumor-initiating cells ...
Ehrlichová Marie - - 2012
Resistance of tumours to taxanes causes chemotherapy failure in numerous patients. Resistance is partly due to the low tumour uptake of taxanes and their rapid metabolism. Structural modifications of taxanes can reduce their P-glycoprotein-related efflux or decrease metabolism and consequently increase taxane efficiency. This study compared cytotoxicity and effects of ...
Deniset-Besseau Ariane - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Multidrug resistance (MDR) limits effectiveness in treating malignancy by modifying internalisation and/or externalisation of drugs through cancer cell membranes. In this study we describe an assay to monitor patients' responses to chemotherapy. METHODS: The assay is based on the fluorescent properties of doxorubicin alone as well as ...
Sekine Shinichi - - 2012
Prognosis for patients with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is poor and the standard treatment for GBC has not yet been established. We established the human GBC cell line TYGBK-1, from a patient with papillary, tubular adenocarcinoma. The doubling time was 48 hours. This cell line has a missense mutation of p53 ...
Qian Xiaomin - - 2012
Down-regulation of microRNA-21 (miR-21) can induce cell apoptosis and reverse drug resistance in cancer treatments. In this study, we explored the most effective schedule of the miR-21 inhibitor (miR-21i) and temozolomide (TMZ) combined treatment in human glioma cells. Three tumor cell lines, U251 phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) mutant, LN229 ...
Jiang Xue-Jie - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the synergistic effects of panobinostat and bortezomib on adriamycin-resistant HL60/ADR cells and refractory acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) primary cells. Combination of both agents had synergistic cytotoxicity on these cells, and increased the sensitivity of HL60/ADR cells to adriamycin. Panobinostat plus bortezomib was shown to modulate ...
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