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Zhang Xinxin - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate the dual-functional liposome (LPG) with synthetic polymeric nano-biomaterial (Gal-P123) that targets cancer cells and reverses multidrug resistance (MDR) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The mitoxantrone (MX) loaded LPG (MX-LPG) was about 100 nm in diameter, spherically shaped, and had an encapsulation ...
Qiu Yang - - 2012
Esophageal cancer (EC) is the most common esophageal malignancy and has a dismal prognosis. Developing novel strategies to reverse the resistance to chemotherapeutics in EC is currently of intense interest. The wide-type p53 induced gene 1 (WIG-1) is a p53-regulated transcription factor. The effect of WIG-1 on the regulation of ...
Gocek Elżbieta E Department of Biotechnology, University of Wroclaw, Tamka 2, 50-137 Wroclaw, - - 2012
Some leukemic cell lines can be driven to differentiate to monocyte-like cells by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D) and to granulocyte-like cells by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). Acute myloid leukemias (AMLs) are heterogeneous blood malignancies characterized by a block at various stages of hematopoietic differentiation and there are more than 200 known ...
Fukuda Tomokazu - - 2012
The pig is an important animal for both agricultural and medical purposes. However, the number of pig-derived cell lines is relatively limited when compared with mouse- and human-derived lines. We established in this study a retroviral conditional expression system for the Simian vacuolating virus 40 large T fragment (SV40T) which ...
Mondal D - - 2012
This paper reports the design and fabrication of electrode microtraps for single cell trapping and impedance measurement. In this work, the microtrap electrodes of parallel and elliptical geometry have been fabricated by electroplating of gold electrodes of optimum thickness. This has enabled the formation of electrode traps without requiring any ...
Kang Rong - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine whether autophagy was involved in cisplatin (CDDP) resistance and to investigate the role of the autophagy in the regulation of chemosensitivity to CDDP in laryngeal cancer Hep-2 cells. METHODS: A WST-1 assay was performed to determine cell viability and cell proliferation. ...
Helbig Stephanie - - 2012
Colicin M (Cma) is a protein toxin produced by Escherichia coli that kills sensitive E. coli cells by inhibiting murein biosynthesis in the periplasm. Recombinant plasmids carrying cbrA (formerly yidS) strongly increased resistance of cells to Cma, whereas deletion of cbrA increased Cma sensitivity. Transcription of cbrA is positively controlled ...
Kandala Prabodh K - - 2012
Anoikis is a cell death that occurs due to detachment of a cell from the extracellular matrix (ECM). Resistance to anoikis is a primary feature of a cell that undergoes metastasis. In this study for the first time, we demonstrated the potential role of Gli1 in anoikis resistance. Treatment of ...
Kim Kunhong - - 2012
Previously, we reported that high PKCK2 activity could protect cancer cells from death receptor-mediated apoptosis through phosphorylation of procaspase-2. Because anoikis is another form of apoptosis, we asked whether PKCK2 could similarly confer resistance to anoikis on cancer cells. Human esophageal squamous cancer cell lines with high PKCK2 activity (HCE4 ...
Sun Stella - - 2012
Temozolomide (TMZ) is standard chemotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Intratumoral hypoxia is common in GBM and may be associated with the development of TMZ resistance. Oxygen therapy has previously been reported to potentiate the effect of chemotherapy in cancer. In this study, we investigated whether hyperoxia can enhance the TMZ-induced ...
Bonet Caroline - - 2012
Metastatic melanoma is a deadly skin cancer and is resistant to almost all existing treatment. Vemurafenib, which targets the BRAFV600E mutation, is one of the drugs that improves patient outcome, but the patients next develop secondary resistance and a return to cancer. Thus, new therapeutic strategies are needed to treat ...
Eid Safaa Yehia - - 2012
Proteins of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily, mainly P-glycoprotein (P-gp; MDR1), play an important role in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells and thus in the potential failure of chemotherapy. A selection of carotenoids (β-carotene, crocin, retinoic acid, canthaxanthin, and fucoxanthin) was investigated whether they are substrates of ...
Duan Xiaohong - - 2012
The precursors of odontoclast and the molecular mechanism by which odontoclasts resorb dentine remain unclear. MDPC-23 cells were derived from dental papilla cells and possessed odontoblast characteristics such as expressing dentine sialophosphoprotein (Dspp) and dentine matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (Dmp1). Here we induced MDPC-23 cells to have odontoclast-like functions with ...
Lin Chang-Shen - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Because Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated (ATM)-deficient cells are hypersensitive to ionizing irradiation and DNA-damaging agents, ATM kinase inhibition is thought to enhance radiochemotherapy efficacy. In this study, we investigated the roles of autophagy and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in modulating cytotoxicity induced by suppression of ATM kinase in head and ...
Carloni V - - 2012
Chemoresistance is an important concern in the treatment of metastatic colon cancer. It may emerge through selection of clones that are inherently resistant from the outset or through mechanisms acquired during treatment. Cell fusion represents an efficient means of rapid phenotypic evolution that make cells with new properties at a ...
Hazawa Masaharu - - 2012
The acquisition of resistance to radiation has been a matter of concern in clinical cases. However, mechanisms underlying the acquisition of radiation resistance are yet to be elucidated. We established a radiation-resistant strain (Res-HL60 cells) from HL60 leukemic cells and investigated their response to radiation. Res-HL60 cells not only proliferated ...
Lee Kwanwoo - - 2012
Centriole disengagement is considered an essential step for licensing a new round of centriole duplication in the next cell cycle. Separase is critical for centriole disengagement. Here, we showed that pericentrin B (PCNTB) is specifically cleaved by separase at the exit of mitosis. The cleavage-resistant PCNTB mutant blocks the centriole ...
Buontempo Francesca - - 2012
Several lines of evidence suggest that the IκB kinase (IKK)/nuclear factor-κB (NFκB) axis is required for viability of leukemic cells and is a predictor of relapse in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Moreover, many anticancer agents induce NFκB nuclear translocation and activation of its target genes, which counteract cellular resistance ...
Danko B - - 2012
Protoapigenone (PA), a natural flavonoid possessing an unusual p-quinol moiety on its B ring, is a prospective novel lead compound against cancer currently in development, together with WYC0209, a potent synthetic PA analog. Structure activity relationships (SAR) concerning different 1'-O-alkyl side-chains were also studied on two sets of derivatives. Fifteen ...
Yang Xiaoyan - - 2012
Recently, we have reported tissue- and stage-specific expression of miR-195 in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and so far, not many reports discuss the function of this microRNA (miRNA). Expression profiling of miRNAs revealed a limited set of miRNAs with altered expression in drug resistant hepatocellular carcinoma cell line BEL-7402/5-FU compared ...
Law Alison A - - 2012
Drug resistance is a major obstacle to cancer cure and may influence [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) incorporation. In this study, glucose transport, hexokinase activity and [18F]-FDG incorporation were measured in drug-resistant tumour cells generated by exposing H630 colon and MCF7 breast cancer cells to increasing concentrations of tomudex (raltitrexed) or 5-fluorouracil (5FU). ...
Wasim Muhamamd - - 2012
Glucocorticoids (GC) actuate apoptosis as well as cell cycle arrest in lymphocytes, and included as core element in the lymphoid malignancy treatment. Despite clinical significance of GC and considerable efforts to understand it, the molecular basis of GC regulated cell death and the resistance phenomenon remains, however, poorly understood. Using ...
Kim Min-Gyun - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between cisplatin resistance and histone deacetylase (HDAC) isoform overexpression in ovarian cancer cell lines. Expression of four HDAC isoforms (HDAC 1, 2, 3, and 4) in two ovarian cancer cell lines, SKOV3 and OVCAR3, exposed to various concentrations of cisplatin was examined by western blot analyses. ...
Can Geylani - - 2012
To examine the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of resveratrol on imatinib-sensitive and imatinib-resistant K562 chronic myeloid leukemia cells. Antiproliferative effects of resveratrol were determined by the 3-Bis[2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulphophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide inner salt (XTT) cell proliferation assay. Apoptotic effects of resveratrol on sensitive K562 and resistant K562/IMA-3 cells were determined through changes in caspase-3 ...
Samanta Debangshu - - 2012
While numerous cell signaling pathways are known to play decisive roles in chemotherapeutic response, relatively little is known about the impact of the Smad-dependent transforming growth factor β pathway on the therapeutic outcome. Previous reports suggested that patients with lung cancer who continue to smoke while receiving chemotherapy have a ...
Acuña Ulyana Muñoz - - 2012
(5Z)-7-Oxozeaenol was studied to reveal the path through which it exerts its effects on triple-negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The apoptotic effect of (5Z)-7-oxozeaenol on MDA-MB-231 cancer cells was analyzed by cell flow cytometry. The effects of (5Z)-7-oxozeaenol on the expression of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65, p50, ...
Poudel Prashant - - 2012
A composite counter electrode (CE) made of electrospun carbon nanofibers (ECNs) and platinum (Pt) nanoparticles has been demonstrated for the first time to improve the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The new ECN-Pt composite CE exhibited a more efficient electro-catalytic performance with lower charge transfer resistance (R(ct)), larger surface ...
Li Liping - - 2012
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) of bladder transitional cell cancers (BTCC) had not been identified by the reported common methods. According to the phenomenon that CSCs were resistant to chemotherapy, BTCC cell lines T24 and 5637 were cultured with mitomycin C respectively. Cell inhibition assay revealed an increased population of drug ...
Borska Sylwia - - 2012
The benefits of plant polyphenols as chemotherapeutic agents are of great interest due to their possible anti-cancerogenic activities. Results available up to now suggest that flavonoid quercetin induces lethal effect in many types of tumours and may sensitize resistant cells to drugs. The aim of the study was to examine ...
Lopez Patricia L C - - 2012
Objective: Glioblastomas are a kind of cancer with high resistance to treatments, requiring more efficient alternatives of treatment. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) is highly expressed in gliomas and, due to its inhibition of caspases, can participate in resistance to therapy. Here we test the sensitization of glioma cells with ...
Geng Songmei - - 2012
Increasing evidences have indicated that only a phenotypic subset of cancer cells, termed as the cancer stem cells (CSCs), is capable of initiating tumor growth and provide a reservoir of cells that cause tumor recurrence after therapy. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a cell type change from an epithelial cobblestone phenotype to ...
Zhou Bei - - 2012
An electrochemical indirect competitive immunoassay protocol as a promising cytosensing strategy was developed to detect integrin β1 expression on human breast cancer MCF-7 cells and adriamycin-resistant human breast cancer MCF-7 (MCF-7/ADR) cells and quantify the cell number. Integrin α5β1 was adsorbed on the gold-nanoparticle modified glassy carbon electrode to bind ...
Adlercreutz Dietlind - - 2012
Fluorescently tagged glycosides containing terminal α(1→3) and α(1→4)-linked thiogalactopyranosides have been prepared and tested for resistance to hydrolysis by α-galactosidases. Eight fluorescent glycosides containing either galactose or 5-thiogalactose as the terminal sugar were enzymatically synthesized using galactosyltransferases, with lactosyl glycosides as acceptors and UDP-galactose or UDP-5'-thiogalactose, respectively, as donors. The ...
Fasih Aisha - - 2012
Increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) in breast cancer (BC) is often associated with trastuzumab (Herceptin)-resistant forms of the disease and represents an attractive target for novel therapies. Nimotuzumab is a humanized IgG(1) monoclonal antibody that is in clinical trials for treatment of EGFR-overexpressing malignancies. We show here ...
Edwards S L - - 2012
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a high performance polymer, with high melting temperature and high resistance to wear. PEEK biomedical devices are typically manufactured to produce nonflexible structures. In this study, we fabricated flexible PEEK scaffolds from multifilament and monofilament yarns, using weaving technologies. Scaffolds were compared for structural and mechanical properties, ...
Armstrong Christine A - - 2012
The ability of ionizing radiation to initiate genomic instability has been harnessed in the clinic where the localized delivery of controlled doses of radiation is used to induce cell death in tumor cells. Though very effective as a therapy, tumor relapse can occur in vivo and its appearance has been ...
Zhang Mei-Jiang - - 2012
EDAG is a hematopoietic tissue-specific transcription regulator that plays a key role in maintaining the homeostasis of hematopoietic lineage commitment. In AML patients, the high expression level of EDAG is associated with poor prognosis. NPM1 (Nucleophosmin or B23), a ubiquitous nucleolar phosphoprotein, has been proved to be a multifunctional protein ...
Chatzakos V - - 2012
High doses of selenite have been shown to induce cell death in acute myeloid leukemia and lung cancer cells. In this study, we combined selenite treatment with modulators of sphingolipid metabolism in the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Huh7. Treatment with 20μM of selenite reduced the viability of Huh7 cells by ...
Hung Chin-Sheng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Survivin is a potential therapeutic target for cancer. Increased survivin expression promotes cell survival and therapeutic resistance. However, there is little information regarding whether the expression level of survivin affects curcumin treatment in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Survivin expression was suppressed in HCC cells using a short interfering RNA ...
Pires I M - - 2012
Most solid tumours contain regions of sub-optimal oxygen concentration (hypoxia). Hypoxic cancer cells are more resistant to radiotherapy and represent the most aggressive fraction of a tumour. It is therefore essential that strategies continue to be developed to target hypoxic cancer cells. Inhibition of the DNA damage response (DDR) might ...
Lee Yeonju - - 2012
Water-soluble, PAX-loaded carbon nanotubes are fabricated by employing a synthetic polyampholyte, PDM. To investigate the suitability of the polyampholyte and the nanotubes as drug carriers, different cellular interactions such as the human epithelial Caco-2 cells viability, their effect on the cell growth, and the change in the transepithelial electrical resistance ...
Camozzi Daria - - 2012
Mandibuloacral dysplasia type A (MADA) is a rare laminopathy characterized by growth retardation, craniofacial anomalies, bone resorption at specific sites including clavicles, phalanges and mandibula, mottled cutaneous pigmentation, skin rigidity, partial lipodystrophy, and insulin resistance. The disorder is caused by recessive mutations of the LMNA gene encoding for A-type lamins. ...
Wong Cynthie - - 2012
Aromatase inhibitors (AI) are currently the first line therapy for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive postmenopausal women. De novo AI resistance is when a patient intrinsically does not respond to an AI therapy as well as other targeted endocrine therapy. To characterize this type of resistance and to examine potential therapies for ...
Schultz Matthew J - - 2012
Tumor cells exhibit striking changes in cell surface glycosylation as a consequence of dysregulated glycosyltransferases and glycosidases. In particular, an increase in the expression of certain sialylated glycans is a prominent feature of many transformed cells. Altered sialylation has long been associated with metastatic cell behaviors including invasion and enhanced ...
Ceylan C - - 2012
Nilotinib is a second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor which is used in both first and second line treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In the present work, the effects of nilotinib resistance on K562 cells were investigated at the molecular level using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Human K562 CML ...
Barrera Lawrence N - - 2012
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a progressive malignant disorder characterized by accumulation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. MM remains an incurable disease with a 5-y survival rate of approximately 40%. While clinical response rates to first line chemotherapeutics are high, disease relapse is inevitable, and occurs because a small ...
Qi Zhengyu - - 2012
Bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)and adipose-tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs)are virtually identical in cell surface marker profile and differentiation potential. These cell populations have promising characteristics for clinical application. In this study, we evaluated the sensitivity of these cell populations to various chemotherapeutic agents by testing the inhibition of cell proliferation, ...
Ryu Seung-Hee - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antitumor effect of a blocking antibody for EGFR in the cytoplasm of a lung cancer cell line. The A549 and H1299 cell lines were employed to demonstrate differential responses to cetuximab in combination with radiotherapy. Localization of EGFR was detected using ...
Penman Bridget S - - 2012
Genetic disorders of haemoglobin (haemoglobinopathies), including the thalassaemias and sickle cell anaemia, abound in historically malarious regions, due to the protection they provide against death from severe malaria. Despite the overall spatial correlation between malaria and these disorders, inter-population differences exist in the precise combinations of haemoglobinopathies observed. Greece and ...
Lång Emma - - 2012
Arsenic in the form of arsenic trioxide (ATO) is used as a therapeutic drug for treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). The mechanism by which this agent cures this disease has previously been shown to involve direct interactions between ATO and the promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) as well as accelerated ...
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