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Zheng Shanyuan - - 2012
Gray selenium (Se) is one of the most widely used Se sources with very limited biocompatibility and bioactivity. In the present study, a simple method for the preparation of ultrasmall selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) through direct nanolization of gray selenium by polyethylene glycol (PEG) was demonstrated. Monodisperse and homogeneous PEG-SeNPs with ...
Vitovski Srdjan - - 2012
Multiple myeloma (MM) remains an incurable disease despite improvements to available treatments and efforts to identify new drug targets. Consequently new approaches are urgently required. We have investigated the potential of native tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), in combination with doxorubicin, to induce apoptotic cell death in phenotypically distinct ...
Ovadje Pamela - - 2012
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) is a heterogeneous disease that is not only hard to diagnose and classify, but is also highly resistant to treatment. Available forms of therapy for this disease have not shown significant effects and patients rapidly develop resistance early on in therapy. These factors lead to the ...
Chen Yi - - 2012
EpCAM or CD133 has been used as the tumor initiating cells (TICs) marker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We investigated whether cells expressing with both EpCAM and CD133 surface marker were more representative for TICs in hepatocellular carcinoma Huh7 cells. Four different phenotypes of CD133(+)EpCAM(+), CD133(+)EpCAM(-), CD133(-)EpCAM(+) and CD133(-)EpCAM(-) in Huh7 ...
Ryu Chung Heon - - 2012
Temozolomide (TMZ) has become a key therapeutic agent in patients with malignant gliomas; however, its survival benefit remains unsatisfactory. Valproic acid (VPA) has emerged as an anticancer drug via inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs), but the therapeutic advantages of a combination with VPA and TMZ remain poorly understood. The main ...
Nelson Daniel C - - 2012
Peptidoglycan (PG) is the major structural component of the bacterial cell wall. Bacteria have autolytic PG hydrolases that allow the cell to grow and divide. A well-studied group of PG hydrolase enzymes are the bacteriophage endolysins. Endolysins are PG-degrading proteins that allow the phage to escape from the bacterial cell ...
Chitcholtan Kenny - - 2012
Advanced endometrial cancer often shows resistance to clinical chemotherapy although potencies of anticancer drugs in vitro are promising. The disparity suggests that in vivo microenvironments are not recapitulated by in vitro models used for preclinical testing. However, spheroids replicate some important properties of tumours in vivo. Therefore, for the first ...
Michaelis M - - 2012
Adaptation of wild-type p53 expressing UKF-NB-3 cancer cells to the murine double minute 2 inhibitor nutlin-3 causes de novo p53 mutations at high frequency (13/20) and multi-drug resistance. Here, we show that the same cells respond very differently when adapted to RITA, a drug that, like nutlin-3, also disrupts the ...
López Jacqueline - - 2012
Cancer-initiating cells (CICs) are proposed to be responsible for the generation of metastasis and resistance to therapy. Accumulating evidences indicates CICs are found among different human cancers and cell lines derived from them. Few studies address the characteristics of CICs in cervical cancer. We identify biological features of CICs from ...
Latorre Elisa - - 2012
HuR, an RNA binding protein involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of a wide spectrum of mRNAs, has been demonstrated to be a determinant of carcinogenesis and tumor aggressiveness in several cancer types. In this study, we investigated the role of HuR in the apoptosis and in the chemoresistance induced by ...
Wang Rui - - 2012
Resistance to docetaxel (DTX) usually occurs in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. To better elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in resistance to DTX-based chemotherapy, we established a DTX-resistant lung adenocarcinoma cell line (SPC-A1/DTX). By gene array analysis, the expression of ING4 was found to be significantly downregulated in SPC-A1/DTX cells. ...
Yamashita Shinichi - - 2012
Early studies suggested androgen receptor (AR) splice variants might contribute to the progression of prostate cancer (PCa) into castration resistance. However, the therapeutic strategy to target these AR splice variants still remains unresolved. Through tissue survey of tumors from the same patients before and after castration resistance, we found that ...
Singh Balraj - - 2012
A small subpopulation of highly adaptable breast cancer cells within a vastly heterogeneous population drives cancer metastasis. Here we describe a function-based strategy for selecting rare cancer cells that are highly adaptable and drive malignancy. Although cancer cells are dependent on certain nutrients, e.g., glucose and glutamine, we hypothesized that ...
Kongpetch Sarinya - - 2012
Cancer cells acquire drug resistance via various mechanisms including enhanced cellular cytoprotective and antioxidant activities. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a key enzyme exerting potent cytoprotection, cell proliferation and drug resistance. We aimed to investigate roles of HO-1 in human cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells for cytoprotection against chemotherapeutic agents. KKU-100 and KKU-M214 ...
Wolff Lars - - 2012
Despite their notorious diversity, biological cells are mechanically well characterized by only a few robust and universal laws. Intriguingly, the law characterizing the nonlinear response to stretch appears self-contradictory. Various cell types have been reported to both stiffen and soften, or "fluidize" upon stretch. Within the classical paradigm of cells ...
Siddique Muhammad Rashid - - 2012
Renilla Luciferase reporter gene (rLuc) GL4.82 and GL4.13 promoter are key player in transfection, but precise knowledge of its targets in colon cancer remains limited. The aim of this study was to characterize the best transfection technique to produce a stable transfected colon DLD1 (colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line), therefore imaging ...
Cardone Luca - - 2012
Glucose is an essential fuel for cell survival and its availability limits aberrant cellular proliferation. We have hypothesized that specific cancer mutations regulate metabolic response(s) to glucose deprivation (GD). By means of somatic knock-in cellular models, we have analyzed the response to glucose deprivation in cells carrying the frequent (delE746-A750)EGFR, ...
Takara Kohji - - 2012
Acquired resistance of cancer cells to various chemotherapeutic agents is known as multidrug resistance, and remains a critical factor in the success of cancer treatment. It is necessary to develop the inhibitors for multidrug resistance. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of eight α-adrenoceptor antagonists on ...
Barea Carlos - - 2012
Malaria and leishmaniasis are two of the World's most important tropical parasitic diseases. Thirteen new 2-cyano-3-(4-phenylpiperazine-1-carboxamido) quinoxaline 1,4-dioxide derivatives (CPCQs) were synthesized and evaluated for their <em>in vitro</em> antimalarial and antileishmanial activity against erythrocytic forms of <em>Plasmodium falciparum</em> and axenic forms of <em>Leishmania infantum</em>. Their toxicity against VERO cells (normal ...
Farooqi Ammad Ahmad - - 2012
Cancer is a multifaceted molecular disorder that is modulated by a combination of genetic, metabolic and signal transduction aberrations, which severely impair the normal homeostasis of cell growth and death. Accumulating findings highlight the fact that different genetic alterations, such as mutations in tumor suppressor genes, might be related to ...
Khajah Maitham A - - 2012
We have established several breast cancer cell lines that exhibit a permanent ER-depleted phenotype, induced by shRNA transfection of MCF-7 cells, which afford a useful model for studying acquired endocrine resistance. Previously we showed that MDA-231 as well as ER-silenced cells could invade through simulated extracellular matrix components. However, the ...
Yang Fang - - 2012
A simple and solution-phase method for functionalization of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with Spirulina polysaccharides (SPS) has been developed in the present study. The cellular uptake and anticancer activity of SPS-SeNPs were also evaluated. Monodisperse and homogeneous spherical SPS-SeNPs with diameters ranging from 20 nm to 50 nm were achieved under ...
Lu Ping - - 2012
Isocorydine (ICD), an anticancer agent under current evaluation, decreased the percentage of side population (SP) cells significantly in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines. ICD treatment sensitized cancer cells to doxorubicin (DXR), a conventional clinical chemotherapeutic drug for HCC. We found that ICD decreased the percentage of SP cells in HCC ...
Song Kyuwan - - 2012
The low level doping of a selective emitter by etch back is an easy and low cost process to obtain a better blue response from a solar cell. This work suggests that the contact resistance of the selective emitter can be controlled by wet etching with the commercial acid barrier ...
von Euw Erika - - 2012
TAK733 is a novel allosteric, non-ATP-binding, inhibitor of the BRAF substrates MEK-1/2. The growth inhibitory effects of TAK733 were assessed in a panel of 27 cutaneous and five uveal melanoma cell lines genotyped for driver oncogenic mutations. Flow cytometry, Western blots and metabolic tracer uptake assays were used to characterize ...
Jones A Maxwell P - - 2012
Protoplast technologies offer unique opportunities for fundamental research and to develop novel germplasm through somatic hybridization, organelle transfer, protoclonal variation, and direct insertion of DNA. Applying protoplast technologies to develop Dutch elm disease resistant American elms (Ulmus americana L.) was proposed over 30 years ago, but has not been achieved. ...
Samkari Ayman - - 2012
Neuroblastoma is the most common solid tumor of infancy, accounting for 15% of all cancer cell deaths in children. Expression of the anti-apoptotic protein survivin in these tumors correlates with poor prognostic features and resistance to therapy. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein is being explored as a potential ...
Barancik Miroslav - - 2012
The drug efflux activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp, a product of the mdr1 gene, ABCB1 member of ABC transporter family) represents a mechanism by which tumor cells escape death induced by chemotherapeutics. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms involved in the effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) on P-gp-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) ...
Strapasson Regiane L B - - 2012
Phytochemical study of Gochnatia polymorpha (Less) Cabr. ssp. floccosa Cabr. trunk bark, guided by antiproliferative assays on 10 human cancer cell lines and the VERO cell line, yielded six known compounds identified as the triterpene bauerenyl acetate, the guaianolide 11α,13-dihydrozaluzanin C and the dimeric guaianolides 10-desoxygochnatiolide A, gochnatiolide A, 8-hydroxi-10-desoxygochnatiolide ...
Rouleau Cecile - - 2012
The Hoechst 33342 exclusion side population (SP) assay is a validated method used to identify cells with stem cell-like properties. When isolated from tumors, SP cells have been shown to have high malignant potential. SPs have been found in both carcinomas and sarcomas. The molecular profile of sarcoma SP is ...
Cheung Hihu Wing HW Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2011
We previously identified a region of recurrent amplification on chromosome 22q11.21 in a subset of primary lung adenocarcinomas. Here we show that CRKL, encoding for an adaptor protein, is amplified and overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells that harbor 22q11.21 amplifications. Overexpression of CRKL in immortalized human airway ...
Bai Zhigang - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of taxol resistance gene 1 (TXR1) in a taxol-resistant breast cancer cell line. Expression levels of TXR1 and thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. In MCF-7 cells transfected with TXR1 plasmids, the expression of a number ...
Levula Mari - - 2011
Abstract Background. Dilatation of the ascending aorta (AA) is affected by extra-cellular matrix modifications and inflammation. A disintegrin and metalloproteases (ADAMs) may reveal differences between AA and ascending aortic dissection (AD). We characterized the inflammatory histology of AD and AA and examined the role of ADAM8 and -15 in these ...
Takemura Aya - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Arterial calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease as a complication of advanced atherosclerosis. Aged vascular cells manifest some morphological features of a senescent phenotype. Recent studies have demonstrated that mammalian sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a histone deacetylase (HDAC), is an exciting target for cardiovascular disease management. Here, we investigated the ...
Venè Roberta R Cell Biology Unit, National Cancer Research Institute, Genova, - - 2011
Cancer chemoresistance is often due to upregulation of antioxidant systems. Therapeutic targeting of these systems is however hampered by their redundancy. Here, we have performed a functional dissection of the antioxidant systems in different melanoma cases aimed at the identification of the most effective redox active drug. We have identified ...
Lynge Martin E - - 2011
Surface-mediated drug delivery is a recent concept, where active surface coatings are employed to deliver therapeutic cargo to cells. Herein, we explore the potential of liposomes embedded in polydopamine (PDA) coatings to serve as drug deposits stored on planar substrates. We quantify the PDA growth rate on glass by XPS ...
Liu Xiaowei - - 2011
Cell-cell interactions are essential for multicellular organisms, playing important roles in their development, function, and immunity. Herein a bottom-up strategy to construct self-assembled DNA nanostructures is reported, consisting of multivalent, bispecific, cell-targeting aptamers to specifically induce cell-cell interactions. Various DNA nanoscaffolds are rationally designed to assemble aptamers with different valencies ...
Peng Xing-Xiang - - 2011
To investigate the mechanisms of cellular resistance to 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a 6-MP resistant cell line (K562-MP5) was established by stepwise selection of the CML cell line (K562). The results of the drug sensitivity analysis of the K562-MP5 cell line revealed the cells to be 339-fold ...
Hou Yan-Yan - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the translation of target mRNA transcripts. In this study, we demonstrated that miR-519d was downregulated in human HCC and could suppress growth of the human HCC cell line QGY-7703. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that MKi67 was a putative target of miR-519d. In an ...
Bokori-Brown Monika - - 2011
Clostridium perfringensε-toxin is produced by toxinotypes B and D strains. The toxin is the etiologic agent of dysentery in newborn lambs, but is also associated with enteritis and enterotoxaemia in goats, calves and foals. It is also considered to be a potential biowarfare or bioterrorism agent by the U.S. Government ...
Kooiman Klazina - - 2011
Molecular imaging using ultrasound makes use of targeted microbubbles. In this study we investigated whether these microbubbles could also be used to induce sonoporation in endothelial cells. Lipid-coated microbubbles were targeted to CD31 and insonified at 1MHz at low peak negative acoustic pressures at six sequences of 10 cycle sine-wave ...
Mazzorana Marco - - 2011
The centrosome plays an essential role in cell cycle progression and cell polarity, organizing the microtubule network in interphase and mitosis. During cell division, the centrosome undergoes a series of structural and functional transitions and forms the two poles of the bipolar mitotic spindle. It is the microtubule cytoskeleton that ...
Su Zhengding - - 2011
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have emerged as a new alternative and efficient tool for transporting molecules with biotechnological and biomedical applications, because of their remarkable physicochemical properties. Encapsulation of functional molecules into the hollow chambers of CNTs can not only stabilize encapsulated molecules but also generate new nanodevices. In this work, ...
Desmaële Denis - - 2011
Within a living body, cells are constantly exposed to various mechanical constraints. As a matter of fact, these mechanical factors play a vital role in the regulation of the cell state. It is widely recognized that cells can sense, react and adapt themselves to mechanical stimulation. However, investigations aimed at ...
Alberto Roger A - - 2011
Abstract: To target the nucleus of specific cells, trifunctional radiopharmaceuticals are required. We have synthesized acridine orange derivatives which comprise an imidazole-2-carbaldehyde function for coordination to the [Re(CO)3]+ or [99mTc(CO)3]+ core. Upon coordination, this aldehyde is activated and rapidly forms imines with amines from biological molecules. This metal-mediated imine formation ...
Smith Brandon - - 2011
We previously reported the formulation and physical properties of HER2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2)-specific affibody (ZHER2:342-Cys) conjugated thermosensitive liposomes (HER2(+)affisomes). Here we examined localized delivery potential of these affisomes by monitoring cellular interactions, intracellular uptake, and hyperthermia-induced effects on drug delivery. We modified ZHER2:342-Cys by introducing a glycine-serine ...
MrówczyƄska Lucyna - - 2011
Cholera toxin B-subunit (CTB) treatment of K562 erythroleukemia cells increased their sensitivity to be killed by NK-92 cells with more than 10%, compared to untreated cells. A similar treatment of non-T, non-B acute lymphoblastic REH leukemia cells, known to be unsensitive to NK cell mediated cytotoxicity, did not have any ...
Das Manasi - - 2011
Aim: The objective of the present study is to prepare and characterize nutlin-3a loaded polymeric poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles (NPs) surface functionalized with transferrin ligand, to deliver the encapsulated drug in a targeted manner to its site of action and to evaluate the efficacy of the nanoformulation in terms of its cellular ...
Bartalena Guido - - 2011
Various micro-devices have been used to assess single cell mechanical properties. Here, we designed and implemented a novel, mechanically actuated, two dimensional cell culture system that enables a measure of cell stiffness based on quantitative functional imaging of cell-substrate interaction. Based on parametric finite element design analysis, we fabricated a ...
Rana Sanyukta - - 2011
Exosomes are derived from limiting membranes of MVBs (multivesicular bodies). They carry and transfer selected membrane and cytoplasmic proteins, mRNA and microRNA into target cells. It is due to this shipping of information that exosomes are considered to be the most promising therapeutic tool for multiple diseases. However, whereas knowledge ...
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