Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2488
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Magan Natisha - - 2012
Adjuvant therapies can incorporate a number of different drugs to minimize the cardiotoxicity of cancer chemotherapy, decrease the development of drug resistance and increase the overall efficacy of the treatment regime. Topoisomerase IIα is a major target of many commonly used anticancer drugs, where cell death is brought about by ...
Li Hao - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate whether miR-181a could modulate the sensitivity of the leukemia drug-resistant cell line K562/A02 to the chemotherapeutic agent daunorubicin (DNR), and explore the mechanism of miR-181a on the DNR sensitivity of K562/A02 cells. MicroRNA microarray and stem-loop reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction were used ...
Sirichanchuen Buntitabhon - - 2012
Cisplatin-based chemotherapy frequently resulted in acquired resistance of cancer cells. The underlying mechanism of such resistance is not fully understood especially the involvement of autophagy and autophagic cell death. This study thus investigated whether an alteration in autophagy could be responsible for cisplatin resistance in the long-term exposure lung carcinoma ...
Fernandes Mariane B - - 2012
It is important to determine the toxicity of compounds and co-solvents that are used in cell monolayer permeability studies to increase confidence in the results obtained from these in vitro experiments. This study was designed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of new nifuroxazide derivatives with potential activity against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ...
Yang Shouhui - - 2012
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major barrier for chemotherapy of many cancers. Non-ionic surfactants have great potential to reverse the MDR by preventing onset or delay progression of the carcinogenic process. However, the role of Tween-20 in the development of MDR remains unknown. The aim of this study was to ...
Hua Shen - - 2012
Recent studies have indicated that side population (SP) cells, which are an enriched source of cancer stem cells (CSCs), drive and maintain many types of human malignancies. SP cells have distinguishing biological characteristics and are thought to contribute to metastasis, therapy resistance, and tumor recurrence. In the present study, the ...
Shan He - - 2012
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumor cells is one of the major problems encountered during cancer chemotherapy. In this paper, we isolated eight triterpenoids from PORIA COCOS and evaluated their effects on reversing MDR of KBV200 cells. Eight triterpenoids increase significantly vincristine-induced cytotoxicity in drug-resistant KBV200 cells at the concentrations of ...
Keenan Joanne - - 2012
Three clonal subpopulations of DLKP, a poorly differentiated squamous lung carcinoma cell line, display striking differences in ability to survive in suspension (anoikis resistance). DLKP-SQ is anoikis resistant (7.5% anoikis at 24 h). In contrast, DLKP-M and DLKP-I are sensitive to anoikis (49.2% and 42.6% respectively). DLKP-I shows increased apoptosis ...
Akagi Erica Mie - - 2012
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most lethal urologic cancers and is highly resistant to both radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The recombinant protein Amblyomin-X, characterized as a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, was obtained from a cDNA library from the salivary glands of the Amblyomma cajennense tick. This paper reports the ...
Urbin Salustra S - - 2012
In vertebrate cells, the five RAD51 paralogs (XRCC2/3 and RAD51B/C/D) enhance the efficiency of homologous recombination repair (HRR). Stalling and breakage of DNA replication forks is a common event, especially in the large genomes of higher eukaryotes. When cells are exposed to agents that arrest DNA replication, such as hydroxyurea ...
Yuan Wenqian - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to determine the survival of Salmonella Typhimurium adapted with sodium lactate (NaL), potassium lactate/sodium acetate mixture (KL/NaA) or sodium acetate (NaA) in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and during heat treatment. NaL-, KL/NaA- and NaA-adapted cells were prepared by incubating in tryptic soy broth ...
Chen Gang - - 2012
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a validated therapeutic target in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, current single agent receptor targeting does not achieve a maximal therapeutic effect, and some mutations confer resistance to current available agents. In the current study we have examined, in different NSCLC cell ...
Zhou Changhua C Department of Chemistry, Xavier University of Louisiana, 1 Drexel Drive, New Orleans, LA 70125, - - 2012
Acquired tamoxifen resistance involves complex signaling events that are not yet fully understood. Successful therapeutic intervention to delay the onset of hormone resistance depends critically on mechanistic elucidation of viable molecular targets associated with hormone resistance. This study was undertaken to investigate the global proteomic alterations in a tamoxifen resistant ...
Goler-Baron Vicky - - 2012
Multidrug resistance (MDR) remains a dominant impediment to curative cancer chemotherapy. Efflux transporters of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily including ABCG2, ABCB1 and ABCC1 mediate MDR to multiple structurally and functionally distinct antitumor agents. Recently we identified a novel mechanism of MDR in which ABCG2-rich extracellular vesicles (EVs) form in ...
Tajiri Kazuto - - 2012
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most frequent chronic liver disease and shows various inflammatory changes in the liver. Among those inflammatory cells, natural killer T (NKT) cells are found to have a critical role during the disease progression. NKT cells may have a protective role at the early ...
Alonso-González Lucia - - 2012
Cell-mediated transgenesis, based on somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), provides the opportunity to shape the genetic make-up of cattle. Bovine primary fetal fibroblasts, commonly used cells for SCNT, have a limited lifespan, and complex genetic modifications that require sequential transfections can be challenging time and cost-wise. To overcome these limitations, ...
Sertel Serkan - - 2012
Previously, arsenic trioxide showed impressive regression rates of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Here, we investigated molecular determinants of sensitivity and resistance of cell lines of different tumor types towards arsenic trioxide. Arsenic trioxide was the most cytotoxic compound among 8 arsenicals investigated in the NCI cell line panel. We correlated transcriptome-wide ...
Senft Daniela - - 2012
Melanoma is an often fatal form of skin cancer which is remarkably resistant against radio- and chemotherapy. Even new strategies that target RAS/RAF signaling and display unprecedented efficacy are characterized by resistance mechanisms. The targeting of survival pathways would be an attractive alternative strategy, if tumor-specific cell death can be ...
Song Min - - 2012
Multidrug resistance is one of the main impediments to the successful treatment of colon cancer. Glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) which is related to multidrug resistance (MDR) can reduce the level of ceramide and can help cells escape from the ceramide-induced cell apoptosis. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. The cell ...
Ghosh Gargi - - 2012
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling plays an important role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and therapeutics targeted against EGFR have been effective in treating a subset of patients bearing somatic EFGR mutations. However, the cancer eventually progresses during treatment with EGFR inhibitors, even in the patients who respond ...
Lin Yi - - 2012
Recent studies have found that p53 and its' associated cell cycle pathways are major inhibitors of human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell generation. In the same family as p53 is p73, which shares sequence similarities with p53. However, p73 also has distinct properties of its own, such as two alternative ...
Hadfield Michael G MG is in the Department of Biology and the Pacific Biosciences Research Center at the University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu , United States - - 2012
Bacteria have a role in the formation of colonies by a species of single-celled organisms whose ancestors gave rise to the animals, which suggests that bacteria might also have influenced the origin of multicellularity in animals.
Sutton V R - - 2012
Overexpression of Bcl-2 contributes to resistance of cancer cells to human cytotoxic lymphocytes (CL) by blocking granzyme B (GraB)-induced mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP). Drugs that neutralise Bcl-2 (e.g., ABT-737) may therefore be effective adjuvants for immunotherapeutic strategies that use CL to kill cancer cells. Consistent with this we found ...
Rodrigues Janneth - - 2012
Plasmodium parasites need to cross the midgut and salivary gland epithelia to complete their life cycle in the mosquito. However, our understanding of the molecular mechanism and the mosquito genes that participate in this process is still very limited. We identified an Anopheles gambiae epithelial serine protease (AgESP) that is ...
Lee Seung Eun - - 2012
Crotonaldehyde, an alpha, beta-unsaturated aldehyde present in cigarette smoke, is an environmental pollutant and a product of lipid peroxidation. It also produces adverse effects to humans and is considered as a risk factor for various diseases. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) plays important roles in protecting cells against oxidative stress as a ...
Tegze Bálint - - 2012
Developing chemotherapy resistant cell lines can help to identify markers of resistance. Instead of using a panel of highly heterogeneous cell lines, we assumed that truly robust and convergent pattern of resistance can be identified in multiple parallel engineered derivatives of only a few parental cell lines. Parallel cell populations ...
Garg Abhishek D - - 2012
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) involves the administration of a tumor localizing photosensitizing agent, which upon activation with light of an appropriate wavelength leads to the destruction of the tumor cells. The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of erythrosine as a photosensitizer for the PDT of oral ...
Cheng Yan - - 2012
The DNA alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ) is widely used in the treatment of human malignancies such as glioma and melanoma. On the basis of previous structure-activity studies, we recently synthesized a new TMZ selenium analog by rationally introducing an N-ethylselenocyanate extension to the amide functionality in TMZ structure. This TMZ-Se ...
Washington Jovonia T - - 2012
Aims and background. The pyruvate mimetic dichloroacetate (DCA) has been shown to induce cell death in cancer cells. A number of studies in vitro and in vivo have suggested this molecule may serve as an anticancer agent, but some cells are resistant. Here we wanted to examine the effects of ...
Josefsberg Ben-Yehoshua Liat - - 2012
Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a lymphatic neoplasm characterized by clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cell that eventually develops resistance to chemotherapy. Drug resistance, differentiation block and increased survival of the MM tumor cells result from high genomic instability. Chromosomal translocations, the most common genomic alterations in MM, lead to dysregulation ...
Liu Kun - - 2012
Pokemon is an important proto-oncogene that plays a critical role in cellular oncogenic transformation and tumorigenesis. Anoikis, which is regulated by Bim-mediated apoptosis, is critical to cancer cell invasion and metastasis. We investigated the role of Pokemon in anoikis, and our results show that Pokemon renders liver cells resistant to ...
Zhang Dongqing - - 2012
Flavonoids are found in most parts of plants and have been shown to have multiple biological activities such as anticancer, anti-inflammation, antibacteria, antivirus, and immune-stimulation. Existing data showed that the total flavonoids of Astragalus (TFA) can provide biological system with resistance to injury and can possess antimutagenic, atherosclerotic inhibition, and ...
Su Ye - - 2012
Multidrug resistance mediated by P-glycoprotein in cancer cells has been a major issue that cripples the efficacy of chemotherapy agents. Aimed for improved efficacy against resistant cancer cells, we designed and synthesized 25 oxindole derivatives based on indirubin by structure-activity relationship analysis. The most potent one was named PH II-7, ...
Pietrosimone Kathryn M KM Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, CT, - - 2012
Cellular movement in response to external stimuli is fundamental to many cellular processes including wound healing, inflammation and the response to infection. A common method to measure chemotaxis is the Boyden chamber assay, in which cells and chemoattractant are separated by a porous membrane. As cells migrate through the membrane ...
Ajabnoor G M A - - 2012
Taxanes remain first line chemotherapy in management of metastatic breast cancer and have a key role in epithelial ovarian cancer, with increasingly common use of weekly paclitaxel dosing regimens. However, their clinical utility is limited by the development of chemoresistance. To address this, we modelled in vitro paclitaxel resistance in ...
Connor Joseph P - - 2012
Overcoming platinum resistance is a major obstacle in the treatment of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (EOC). In our previous work Decoy Receptor 3 (DcR3) was found to be related to platinum resistance. The major objective of this work was to define the cellular interaction of DcR3 with EOC and to explore ...
de Queiroz Juliana Cristina - - 2012
Toxicity of thorium by Monoraphidium sp. and Scenedesmus sp. was studied. Microalgal cultures were inoculated in ASM-1 medium in presence and absence of thorium. Its effect was monitored by direct counting on Fuchs-Rosenthal chamber and with software. The toxicity of thorium over the species was observed for concentrations over 50.0 ...
Qin Jianzhong - - 2012
Overcoming the notorious apoptotic resistance of melanoma cells remains a therapeutic challenge given dismal survival of patients with metastatic melanoma. However, recent clinical trials using a BRAF inhibitor revealed encouraging results for patients with advanced BRAF mutant bearing melanoma, but drug resistance accompanied by recovery of phospho-ERK (pERK) activity present ...
Rohrbach Petra - - 2012
Light microscopy plays an important role in cell biology and has been instrumental in the description of the living world. Fluorescent probes and new advances in microscopic techniques have revolutionized the application, enabling real time investigation of biological processes in 3D living cells using physiological conditions. Current applications of live ...
Cheng Jian - - 2012
Multidrug resistance is the main obstacle to the efficiency of systemic chemotherapy against hematologic malignancy. This study investigated the reversible effect of the copolymer wogonin and daunorubicin coloaded into Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles, and the mechanism potentially involved. The growth inhibition rate of K562/A02 cells was investigated by MTT assay, and ...
Zhang Chen - - 2012
This chapter discusses about obtaining natural products which have anticancer metastasis activities from selected marine-derived fungus (Microsporum sp.) and investigates their biological activities such as cytotoxicity on viability cell lines, anticancer cell migration and invasion, protease inhibition, and expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2 and -9). Moreover, the correlative mechanisms behind ...
Jamal Mohd-Hafifi - - 2012
Cisplatin resistance is a serious problem in cancer treatment. To overcome it, alternative approaches including virotherapy are being pursued. One of the candidates for anticancer virotherapy is the Newcastle disease virus (NDV). Even though NDV's oncolytic properties in various cancer cells have been widely reported, information regarding its effects ...
Jiang Yanwen - - 2012
The effect of combined administration of the multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor (Sorafenib) and chemotherapy (Pemetrexed) is still unknown. The cytotoxicity, the optimal combined modality, and the mechanisms underlying the cytotoxic synergism between sorafenib and pemetrexed for EGFR TKI-resistant NSCLC cell lines were then investigated. A549 (EGFR wild-type and ...
Tabara Keisuke - - 2012
Non-small-cell lung cancer harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations attains a meaningful response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs could affect long-term outcome in almost all patients. To identify the potential mechanisms of resistance, we established cell lines resistant to EGFR-TKIs from the human lung ...
Niu Qi Q Department of Medical Oncology, No. 309 PLA Hospital, Beijing, PR China. - - 2012
Cancer side population (SP) cells, which are often referred to as cancer stem cells, are thought to be responsible for lung cancer chemotherapy resistance, and currently no drug can specifically target these cells. We hypothesize low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) may affect the biological properties of SP cells and could be used ...
Schroten Mira - - 2012
Epithelial cells of the plexus choroideus form the structural basis of the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB). In vitro models of the BCSFB presenting characteristics of a functional barrier are of significant scientific interest as tools for examination of BCSFB function. Due to a lack of suitable cell lines as in ...
Clerc Pascaline - - 2012
Cells that exhibit an absolute dependence on the anti-apoptotic BCL-2 protein for survival are termed "primed for death" and are killed by the BCL-2 antagonist ABT-737. Many cancers exhibit a primed phenotype, including some that are resistant to conventional chemotherapy due to high BCL-2 expression. We show here that 1) ...
Muret Jane - - 2012
Isolated limb perfusion with TNF-α and melphalan is used with remarkable efficiency to treat unresectable limb sarcomas. Here we tested the ability of TNF-α to directly induce apoptosis of sarcoma cells. In addition, we investigated the impact of p53 in the regulation of such effect. We first analysed the ability ...
Minnick Michael F - - 2012
The biphasic developmental cycle of Coxiella burnetii is central to the pathogen's natural history and survival. A small, dormant cell morphotype (the small-cell variant or SCV) allows this obligate intracellular bacterium to persist for extended periods outside of host cells, resist environmental conditions that would be lethal to most prokaryotes, ...
Rao Qun-Xian - - 2012
Tumor formation and growth is dictated by a very small number of tumor cells, called cancer stem cells, which are capable of self-renewal. The genesis of cancer stem cells and their resistance to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy via mechanisms such as multidrug resistance, quiescence, enhanced DNA repair abilities and anti-apoptotic ...
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