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Results 501 - 550 of 2322
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Hausheer F H - - 2011
BNP7787, an investigational drug undergoing global Phase III development, appears to have potential advantages over other cytoprotective compounds that have been evaluated for preventing and mitigating cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. Herein, we characterized the in vitro accumulation of BNP7787 in human renal proximal tubule cells (HK-2) in which cisplatin is known to ...
Kim E K - - 2011
Mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC) regulates a variety of cellular responses including proliferation, growth, differentiation and cell migration. In this study, we show that mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) regulates invasive cancer cell migration through selective activation of Akt1. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)-induced SKOV-3 cell migration was ...
Tang Shaoheng - - 2011
Thickness does matter! The ultrathin nature of 1.8 nm-thick Pd nanosheets prevents them entering cells effectively. A 13-times enhancement in the cells' uptake of the Pd nanosheets has now been achieved by silica coating together with surface functionalization, therefore significantly improving their NIR photothermal cell-killing efficacy.
Bhattacharya Dipsikha - - 2011
This article delineates the design and synthesis of a novel, bio-functionalized, magneto-fluorescent multifunctional nanoparticles suitable for cancer-specific targeting, detection and imaging. Biocompatible, hydrophilic, magneto-fluorescent nanoparticles with surface-pendant amine, carboxyl and aldehyde groups were designed using o-carboxymethyl chitosan (OCMC). The free amine groups of OCMC stabilized magnetite nanoparticles on the surface ...
Phillips K Scott - - 2011
Continuous analysis of two dyes loaded into single mammalian cells using laser-based lysis combined with electrophoretic separation was developed and characterized on microfluidic chips. The devices employed hydrodynamic flow to transport cells to a junction where they were mechanically lysed by a laser-generated cavitation bubble. An electric field then attracted ...
Glowacka Ilona - - 2011
The spike (S) protein of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) can be proteolytically activated by cathepsins B and L upon viral uptake into target cell endosomes. In contrast, it is largely unknown whether host cell proteases located in the secretory pathway of infected cells and/or on the surface ...
Sumiya Eriko - - 2011
Natural products provide a rich source of biological tools, but elucidating their molecular targets remains challenging. Here we report a cell morphological profiling of a natural product library, which permitted the identification of bisebromoamide and miuraenamide A as actin filament stabilizers. Automated high-content image analysis showed that these two structurally ...
Moore Paul A - - 2011
We describe here application of a novel bispecific antibody platform termed Dual-Affinity Re-Targeting (DART™) to eradicate B-cell lymphoma through co-engagement of the B-cell specific antigen CD19 and the T-cell receptor/CD3 complex on effector T-cells. Side by side comparison with a single-chain bispecific antibody bearing identical CD19 and CD3 antibody Fv ...
Wu Haidong - - 2011
MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate target mRNAs at the posttranscription level. Here, we show that miR-16 is upregulated in human laryngeal carcinoma tissues. Inhibition of miR-16 in HEp-2 laryngeal cancer cell line could suppress cell migration and enhance cell-cell adhesion. Subsequently, zyxin, whose expression is negatively regulated ...
Park James O JO Departments of Surgery, Materials Science and Engineering, and Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-2120, - - 2011
Imaging is essential in accurately detecting, staging, and treating primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC]), one of the most prevalent and lethal malignancies. We developed a novel multifunctional nanoparticle (NP) specifically targeting glypican-3 (GPC3), a proteoglycan implicated in promotion of cell growth that is overexpressed in most HCCs. Quantitative real-time ...
Motts S D - - 2011
The pontomesencephalic tegmentum (PMT) provides cholinergic input to the inferior colliculus (IC) and the medial geniculate body (MG). PMT cells are often characterized as projecting to more than one target. The purpose of this study was to determine whether individual PMT cholinergic cells, (1) innervate the auditory pathways bilaterally via ...
Marches Radu - - 2011
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) convert absorbed near infrared (NIR) light into heat. The use of CNTs in the NIR-mediated photothermal ablation of tumor cells is attractive because the penetration of NIR light through normal tissues is optimal and the side effects are minimal. Targeted thermal ablation with minimal collateral damage ...
Wu Chunsheng - - 2011
We present a microfluidic platform, which provides a simple and efficient means for handling and processing Pseudo-nitzschia, a neurotoxin-producing marine algae. Currently, analyzing the production of such toxins is complicated by multiple environmental factors and high variability among individual Pseudo-nitzschia species. To address this issue, we developed a device that ...
Chelikani Venkata - - 2011
Previously we reported an electrochemical method to quantitatively detect vertebrate oestrogens using wild type Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. That assay required the use of a double mediator system, a five-hour incubation period and had a maximum detection limit of around 11nM 17β-oestradiol. In the work reported here we have sought to ...
Mathur Rohit - - 2011
The peptidyl prolyl isomerase (Pin1) that induces cis-trans isomerization of the peptide bond involving serine/threonine-proline has recently been shown to regulate the activity of many phosphoproteins including the ones involved in damage response pathways. We investigated Pin1 as a potential target for enhancing the efficacy of anticancer therapy by studying ...
Barth Holger - - 2011
The C2 toxin from Clostridium botulinum represents the prototype of the family of binary actin-ADP-ribosylating toxins. These toxins covalently transfer ADP-ribose from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) onto arginine-177 of actin in the cytosol of eukaryotic cells resulting in depolymerization of actin filaments and cell rounding. The C2 toxin consists of ...
Marin-Valencia Isaac - - 2011
Comment on: Chen V, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4941-53.  
Henry Whitney I - - 2011
Invasion of normal brain tissue by brain tumor cells is a major contributing factor to the recurrence and resistance of clinically diagnosed glioblastomas to therapy (surgery, chemotherapy, radiation). Here, we have assessed the efficacy of the microtubule inhibiting agent epothilone B on glioblastoma cell motility, a prerequisite cellular program of ...
Rooke Joanna C - - 2011
Over the past few years the idea of living photosynthetic materials has advanced from concept to reality. This work outlines the improvements made in the immobilisation of the thermotolerant acidophile Cyanidium caldarium (Tilden) Geitler SAG 16.91 within porous and transparent silica gels with the view to targeting photochemical materials that ...
Damek-Poprawa M M Department of Microbiology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2011
Resistance to treatment and the appearance of secondary tumors in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) have been attributed to the presence of cells with stem-cell-like properties in the basal layer of the epithelium at the site of the lesion. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that these ...
Stoddart Martin J - - 2011
The measurement of cell viability plays a fundamental role in all forms of cell culture. Sometimes it is the main purpose of the experiment, such as in toxicity assays. Alternatively, cell viability can be used to -correlate cell behaviour to cell number, providing a more accurate picture of, for example, ...
Zhang Hanyang - - 2011
Multidrug resistance (MDR) to chemotherapy is a major obstacle in the treatment of cancer and the resistance process is multifactorial. Studies on multidrug resistance mechanisms relied on the availability of cancer multidrug resistance cell lines that have been established. In this study we successfully established a multidrug resistance cell line ...
Ryan Declan - - 2011
This review presents an overview of literature that describes the applications of microfluidics to assay individual cells. We quantify the content of an individual mammalian cell, so that we can understand what criteria a single-cell assay must satisfy to be successful. We put in context the justification for single-cell assays ...
Spelke Dawn P - - 2011
Embyroid body (EB) formation is a key step in many embryonic stem cell (ESC) differentiation protocols. The EB mimics the structure of the developing embryo, thereby providing a means of obtaining any cell lineage. Traditionally, the two methods of EB formation are suspension and hanging drop. The suspension method allows ...
Wang Hai-Jing - - 2011
Objectives: Multidrug resistance (MDR) significantly reduces the efficacy of chemotherapy for lung cancer. In this study, we characterized the significance of CA916798, a gene up-regulated in cis-dichlorodiamine platinum (CDDP)-resistant lung adenocarcinoma cells, in mediating MDR in lung cancer cells. Methods: CA916798 was stably transfected into H446 cells with low endogenous ...
Villa-Moruzzi Emma - - 2011
HER2 activation in tumours supports multiple signalling pathways, including those regulating invasion and metastasis. Among the involved genes, tyrosine and dual specificity phosphatases (PTPs and DSPs) may play a relevant, though not completely clear role. HER2 was silenced in ovarian SKOV-3 cells, a genome-wide expression analysis of PTPs and DSPs ...
Simpson Richard J - - 2011
Because yeast is exceptionally well suited to genetic analysis, both classical and molecular, it is an attractive system for expressing recombinant animal proteins for purification purposes. Methods available for lysing yeast cells include autolysis, pressure cells (e.g., French press), abrasives (glass bead vortexing), and enzymatic lysis (e.g., zymolase). One of ...
Shai Ela - - 2011
Cells of various types release small membrane vesicles called microparticles (MP) on their activation, as well as during the process of apoptosis. The properties and roles of MP generated in different contexts are diverse and are determined by their parent cell and the pathway of their generation, which affects their ...
Li Wentong - - 2011
In addition to several molecular and morphologic changes, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) cells also show variation in sensitivity to chemotherapeutics agents. The aim of this study was to investigate whether overexpression of Snail in MCF-7 cells is associated with facilitated acquisition of P-gp mediated multidrug resistance (MDR). The results demonstrated that ...
Jankowski Maciej - - 2011
Autotaxin (ATX) is an extracellular lysophospholipase D (lysoPLD) released from normal cells and cancer cells. Activity of ATX is detected in various biological fluids. The lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is the main product of ATX. LPA acting through specific G protein-coupled receptors (LPA(1)-LPA(6)) affects immunological response, normal development, and malignant tumors' ...
Paszel Anna - - 2011
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in leukemia patients is a great incentive to the development of new drugs. In a search for potential multidrug resistance modulators we tested a group of oleanolic acid (OA) analogues modified at C-3, C-11, C-12 and C-28 using an experimental model consisting of three human acute lymphoblastic ...
González Monika - - 2011
Insect cell culture is becoming increasingly important for applications including recombinant protein production and cell-based screening with chemical or RNAi libraries. While stable mammalian cell lines expressing a protein of interest can be efficiently prepared using IRES-based vectors or viral-based approaches, options for stable insect cell lines are more limited. ...
Fabian Marc R - - 2011
Experiments with cell cultures have been useful in analyzing microRNA action. However, miRNA-mediated effects are often assayed many hours or days after miRNA target recognition. Consequently, this has made it difficult to analyze early events of miRNA-mediated repression. The development of cell-free systems that recapitulate miRNA action in vitro has ...
She Jun-Jun - - 2011
To ascertain whether side population (SP) cells in HXO-Rb44 retinoblastoma cell line have cancer stem cell-like property in vitro and in vivo. We analyzed and sorted SP from HXO-Rb44 retinoblastoma cell line by Hoechst 33342 staining on flow cytometry. SP and NSP cells were determined their ability of proliferation and ...
Theilacker Christian - - 2011
Deletion of the glycosyltransferase bgsA in Enterococcus faecalis leads to loss of diglucosyldiacylglycerol from the cell membrane and accumulation of its precursor monoglucosyldiacylglycerol, associated with impaired biofilm formation and reduced virulence in vivo. Here we analyzed the function of a putative glucosyltransferase EF2890 designated biofilm-associated glycolipid synthesis B (bgsB) immediately ...
Pham Theodore - - 2011
Macrophages can remove antigen from the surface of antibody-coated cells by a process termed trogocytosis. Using live cell microscopy and flow cytometry, we investigated the dynamics of trogocytosis by RAW264.7 macrophages of Ramos B cells opsonized with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab. Spontaneous and reversible formation of uropods was observed ...
Howe Erin N - - 2011
miR-200c and other members of the miR-200 family promote epithelial identity by directly targeting ZEB1 and ZEB2, which repress E-cadherin and other genes involved in polarity. Loss of miR-200c is often observed in carcinoma cells that have undergone epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Restoration of miR-200c to such cells leads ...
Bandeira-Melo Christianne C Laboratório de Inflamação, Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2011
Eicosanoids, arachidonic acid-derived signaling lipid mediators, are newly formed and nonstorable molecules that have important roles in physiological and pathological processes. EicosaCell is a microscopic assay that enables the intracellular detection and localization of eicosanoid lipid mediator-synthesizing compartments by means of a strategy to covalently cross-link and immobilize eicosanoids at ...
Chen Lei - - 2010
A targeted detection of gastric cancer cells is achieved by combining the giant magnetoimpedance (GMI)-based biosensing system and RGD-4C peptide coupled, chitosan covered superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (RGD-Fe(3)O(4)@chitosan). The micro-patterned GMI sensor for targeted detection is made of Co-based ribbon and fabricated by micro electromechanical system (MEMS) technology. Functionalized nanoparticles ...
Wang Liming - - 2010
We have observed that Au nanorods (NRs) have distinct effects on cell viability via killing cancer cells while posing negligible impact on normal cells and mesenchymal stem cells. Obvious differences in cellular uptake, intracellular trafficking, and susceptibility of lysosome to Au NRs by different types of cells resulted in selective ...
O'Reilly Mary K MK Department of Chemical Physiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2011
CD22 is a member of the sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin (Siglec) family that is known to be a regulator of B cell signaling. Its B cell-specific expression makes it an attractive target for immunotoxin-mediated B cell depletion therapy for the treatment of B cell lymphomas and autoimmune diseases. Although CD22 ...
Jeong Young Sun - - 2011
With the objective of returning cells to their undifferentiated state through alteration of epigenetic states, small molecules have been used that specifically inhibit proteins involved in sustaining the epigenetic system. However, this chemical-based approach can cause chaotic epigenomic states due to random actions of the inhibitors. We investigated whether JHDM3A/JMJD2A, ...
Albertazzi Lorenzo - - 2010
Synthesis and targeted delivery of dendrimer-based fluorescent biosensors in living HeLa cells are reported. Following electroporation dendrimers are shown to display specific subcellular localization depending on their size and surface charge and this property is preserved when they are functionalized with sensing moieties. We analyze the case of double dendrimer ...
Batchelor Andrew M - - 2010
Nitric oxide (NO) functions as a diffusible transmitter in most tissues of the body and exerts its effects by binding to receptors harboring a guanylyl cyclase transduction domain, resulting in cGMP accumulation in target cells. Despite its widespread importance, very little is known about how this signaling pathway operates at ...
Ghosal Sandip - - 2010
The maximum force that a crawling cell can exert on a substrate is a quantity of interest in cell biomechanics. One way of quantifying this force is to allow the cell to crawl against a measurable and adjustable restraining force until the cell is no longer able to move in ...
Avci-Adali Meltem - - 2010
Aptamers represent auspicious ligands for recognition of target molecules on the surface of a specific cell population, such as stem or cancer cells. These ligands are able to capture and enrich desired cells from a cell mixture, and can be used for identification of new biomarkers, development of cell-specific therapeutics, ...
Mayer Günter - - 2010
Aptamers that target a specific cell subpopulation within composite mixtures represent invaluable tools in biomedical research and in the development of cell-specific therapeutics. Here we describe a detailed protocol for a modular and generally applicable scheme to select aptamers that target the subpopulations of cells in which you are interested. ...
Song Yao - - 2010
[PSI(+)] phenotype can be transiently induced when Magnesium chloride (MgCl(2)) was the selective pressure in SUP35 repeat-expansion mutant [psi(-)] yeast strains. We further investigated [PSI(+)] phenotype change under different MgCl(2) conditions with native Sup35p and quantified the Sup35p status changes with fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and semi-denaturing detergent-agarose gel ...
Xu Gaixia - - 2010
In this paper, we report the synthesis of FGF-2 peptide labeled luminescent nanocrystals as optical probes for targeted imaging of live neuroblastoma cells. Confocal laser scanning microscopy technique was used to confirm the receptor-mediated uptake of the bioconjugates into the live neuroblastoma cells and study the dynamic profile of the ...
Yang Mi Young - - 2011
Tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8) is an integrin-like cell surface protein upregulated on tumor blood vessels and a potential vascular target for cancer therapy. Here, we found that the ability of an anti-TEM8 antibody, clone SB5, to recognize the extracellular domain of TEM8 on the cell surface depends on other ...
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