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Zhou Changhua C Department of Chemistry, Xavier University of Louisiana, 1 Drexel Drive, New Orleans, LA 70125, - - 2012
Acquired tamoxifen resistance involves complex signaling events that are not yet fully understood. Successful therapeutic intervention to delay the onset of hormone resistance depends critically on mechanistic elucidation of viable molecular targets associated with hormone resistance. This study was undertaken to investigate the global proteomic alterations in a tamoxifen resistant ...
Barancik Miroslav - - 2012
The drug efflux activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp, a product of the mdr1 gene, ABCB1 member of ABC transporter family) represents a mechanism by which tumor cells escape death induced by chemotherapeutics. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms involved in the effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) on P-gp-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) ...
Strapasson Regiane L B - - 2012
Phytochemical study of Gochnatia polymorpha (Less) Cabr. ssp. floccosa Cabr. trunk bark, guided by antiproliferative assays on 10 human cancer cell lines and the VERO cell line, yielded six known compounds identified as the triterpene bauerenyl acetate, the guaianolide 11α,13-dihydrozaluzanin C and the dimeric guaianolides 10-desoxygochnatiolide A, gochnatiolide A, 8-hydroxi-10-desoxygochnatiolide ...
Rouleau Cecile - - 2012
The Hoechst 33342 exclusion side population (SP) assay is a validated method used to identify cells with stem cell-like properties. When isolated from tumors, SP cells have been shown to have high malignant potential. SPs have been found in both carcinomas and sarcomas. The molecular profile of sarcoma SP is ...
Cheung Hihu Wing HW Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2011
We previously identified a region of recurrent amplification on chromosome 22q11.21 in a subset of primary lung adenocarcinomas. Here we show that CRKL, encoding for an adaptor protein, is amplified and overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells that harbor 22q11.21 amplifications. Overexpression of CRKL in immortalized human airway ...
Bai Zhigang - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of taxol resistance gene 1 (TXR1) in a taxol-resistant breast cancer cell line. Expression levels of TXR1 and thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. In MCF-7 cells transfected with TXR1 plasmids, the expression of a number ...
Levula Mari - - 2011
Abstract Background. Dilatation of the ascending aorta (AA) is affected by extra-cellular matrix modifications and inflammation. A disintegrin and metalloproteases (ADAMs) may reveal differences between AA and ascending aortic dissection (AD). We characterized the inflammatory histology of AD and AA and examined the role of ADAM8 and -15 in these ...
Takemura Aya - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Arterial calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease as a complication of advanced atherosclerosis. Aged vascular cells manifest some morphological features of a senescent phenotype. Recent studies have demonstrated that mammalian sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a histone deacetylase (HDAC), is an exciting target for cardiovascular disease management. Here, we investigated the ...
Venè Roberta R Cell Biology Unit, National Cancer Research Institute, Genova, - - 2011
Cancer chemoresistance is often due to upregulation of antioxidant systems. Therapeutic targeting of these systems is however hampered by their redundancy. Here, we have performed a functional dissection of the antioxidant systems in different melanoma cases aimed at the identification of the most effective redox active drug. We have identified ...
Lynge Martin E - - 2011
Surface-mediated drug delivery is a recent concept, where active surface coatings are employed to deliver therapeutic cargo to cells. Herein, we explore the potential of liposomes embedded in polydopamine (PDA) coatings to serve as drug deposits stored on planar substrates. We quantify the PDA growth rate on glass by XPS ...
Liu Xiaowei - - 2011
Cell-cell interactions are essential for multicellular organisms, playing important roles in their development, function, and immunity. Herein a bottom-up strategy to construct self-assembled DNA nanostructures is reported, consisting of multivalent, bispecific, cell-targeting aptamers to specifically induce cell-cell interactions. Various DNA nanoscaffolds are rationally designed to assemble aptamers with different valencies ...
Peng Xing-Xiang - - 2011
To investigate the mechanisms of cellular resistance to 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a 6-MP resistant cell line (K562-MP5) was established by stepwise selection of the CML cell line (K562). The results of the drug sensitivity analysis of the K562-MP5 cell line revealed the cells to be 339-fold ...
Hou Yan-Yan - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the translation of target mRNA transcripts. In this study, we demonstrated that miR-519d was downregulated in human HCC and could suppress growth of the human HCC cell line QGY-7703. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that MKi67 was a putative target of miR-519d. In an ...
Bokori-Brown Monika - - 2011
Clostridium perfringensε-toxin is produced by toxinotypes B and D strains. The toxin is the etiologic agent of dysentery in newborn lambs, but is also associated with enteritis and enterotoxaemia in goats, calves and foals. It is also considered to be a potential biowarfare or bioterrorism agent by the U.S. Government ...
Kooiman Klazina - - 2011
Molecular imaging using ultrasound makes use of targeted microbubbles. In this study we investigated whether these microbubbles could also be used to induce sonoporation in endothelial cells. Lipid-coated microbubbles were targeted to CD31 and insonified at 1MHz at low peak negative acoustic pressures at six sequences of 10 cycle sine-wave ...
Mazzorana Marco - - 2011
The centrosome plays an essential role in cell cycle progression and cell polarity, organizing the microtubule network in interphase and mitosis. During cell division, the centrosome undergoes a series of structural and functional transitions and forms the two poles of the bipolar mitotic spindle. It is the microtubule cytoskeleton that ...
Su Zhengding - - 2011
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have emerged as a new alternative and efficient tool for transporting molecules with biotechnological and biomedical applications, because of their remarkable physicochemical properties. Encapsulation of functional molecules into the hollow chambers of CNTs can not only stabilize encapsulated molecules but also generate new nanodevices. In this work, ...
Desmaële Denis - - 2011
Within a living body, cells are constantly exposed to various mechanical constraints. As a matter of fact, these mechanical factors play a vital role in the regulation of the cell state. It is widely recognized that cells can sense, react and adapt themselves to mechanical stimulation. However, investigations aimed at ...
Alberto Roger A - - 2011
Abstract: To target the nucleus of specific cells, trifunctional radiopharmaceuticals are required. We have synthesized acridine orange derivatives which comprise an imidazole-2-carbaldehyde function for coordination to the [Re(CO)3]+ or [99mTc(CO)3]+ core. Upon coordination, this aldehyde is activated and rapidly forms imines with amines from biological molecules. This metal-mediated imine formation ...
Smith Brandon - - 2011
We previously reported the formulation and physical properties of HER2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2)-specific affibody (ZHER2:342-Cys) conjugated thermosensitive liposomes (HER2(+)affisomes). Here we examined localized delivery potential of these affisomes by monitoring cellular interactions, intracellular uptake, and hyperthermia-induced effects on drug delivery. We modified ZHER2:342-Cys by introducing a glycine-serine ...
MrówczyƄska Lucyna - - 2011
Cholera toxin B-subunit (CTB) treatment of K562 erythroleukemia cells increased their sensitivity to be killed by NK-92 cells with more than 10%, compared to untreated cells. A similar treatment of non-T, non-B acute lymphoblastic REH leukemia cells, known to be unsensitive to NK cell mediated cytotoxicity, did not have any ...
Das Manasi - - 2011
Aim: The objective of the present study is to prepare and characterize nutlin-3a loaded polymeric poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles (NPs) surface functionalized with transferrin ligand, to deliver the encapsulated drug in a targeted manner to its site of action and to evaluate the efficacy of the nanoformulation in terms of its cellular ...
Bartalena Guido - - 2011
Various micro-devices have been used to assess single cell mechanical properties. Here, we designed and implemented a novel, mechanically actuated, two dimensional cell culture system that enables a measure of cell stiffness based on quantitative functional imaging of cell-substrate interaction. Based on parametric finite element design analysis, we fabricated a ...
Rana Sanyukta - - 2011
Exosomes are derived from limiting membranes of MVBs (multivesicular bodies). They carry and transfer selected membrane and cytoplasmic proteins, mRNA and microRNA into target cells. It is due to this shipping of information that exosomes are considered to be the most promising therapeutic tool for multiple diseases. However, whereas knowledge ...
Asano Takeshi - - 2011
Ferritin is a cytosolic protein that stores excess iron, thereby protecting cells from iron toxicity. Ferritin-stored iron is believed to be utilized when cells become iron deficient; however, the mechanisms underlying the extraction of iron from ferritin have yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that ferritin is degraded ...
Laforet Leslie - - 2011
The C. albicans gene PGA26 encodes a small cell wall protein and is upregulated during de novo wall synthesis in protoplasts. Disruption of PGA26 caused hypersensitivity to cell wall-perturbing compounds (Calcofluor white and Congo red) and to zymolyase, which degrades the cell wall β-1,3-glucan network. However, susceptibility to caspofungin, an ...
Miko Edit - - 2011
Despite intensive efforts to improve therapies, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) still has a dismal median survival of 18months. Since miR-126 is under-expressed in the majority of SCLC tumors, we investigated the effect of miR-126 overexpression on the proliferation and cell cycle distribution of H69 cells. Our results demonstrate that ...
Martin Jennifer A - - 2011
We report a simple square capillary-based cell affinity chromatography device that utilizes a coating of aptamers for selective capture of target cancer cells from a flowing suspension. The device consists of a square capillary with an inner diameter of roughly five cell diameters, connected via Teflon tubing to a syringe. ...
Kirui Dickson K - - 2011
A single-step LbL procedure to functionalize CTAB-capped GNRs via electrostatic self-assembly is reported. This approach allows for consistent biomolecule/GNR coupling using standard carboxyl-amine conjugation chemistry. The focus is on cancer-targeting biomolecule/GNR conjugates and selective photothermal destruction of cancer cells by GNR-mediated hyperthermia and NIR light. GNRs were conjugated to a ...
Xin Hongliang - - 2011
Dual-targeting nanoparticle drug delivery system was developed by conjugating Angiopep with PEG-PCL nanoparticles (ANG-NP) through bifunctional PEG to overcome the limitations of low transport of chemotherapeutics across the Blood-brain barrier (BBB) and poor penetration into tumor tissue. ANG-NP can target the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) which is over-expressed on ...
Hanson Jeffrey C - - 2011
Laser-based microdissection facilitates the isolation of specific cell populations from clinical or animal model tissue specimens for molecular analysis. Expression microdissection (xMD) is a second-generation technology that offers considerable advantages in dissection capabilities; however, until recently the method has not been accessible to investigators. This protocol describes the adaptation of ...
Ito Tetsuo - - 2011
Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is overexpressed in various human cancers. However, the biological functions and the post-transcriptional regulations of PLK1 in esophageal cancer (EC) are still unknown. The purposes of our study are to determine whether PLK1 can be a molecular target of EC therapy and to identify a microRNA ...
Ding Caifeng - - 2011
An electrochemical cytosensor was designed based on the specific recognition of mannosyl on cell surface to concanavalin A (ConA) and the signal amplification of gold nanoparticles (NPs). By sandwiching a cancer cell between a gold electrode modified with ConA and gold NPs with ConA and 6-ferrocenylhexanethiol (Fc), the electrochemical cytosensor ...
Xie Xiaoduo X Department of Pharmacology and Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0815, - - 2011
The target of rapamycin complex 2 (TORC2) is a key regulator of cell growth. Zinzalla et al. (2011) now provide evidence that TORC2 is activated by direct association with the ribosome, which may ensure that TORC2 activity is calibrated to match the cell's intrinsic growth capacity.
Wan Weijie - - 2011
In this paper, a novel method is proposed and demonstrated to be able to lyse gram-negative (E. coli) bacteria cells for Lab-on-a-Chip applications. The proposed method incorporates using titanium dioxide particles as photocatalysts and a miniaturized UV LED array as an excitation light source to perform cell lysis on microchips. ...
Jiang Hong - - 2011
Oncolytic adenoviruses, such as Delta-24-RGD, are promising therapies for patients with brain tumor. Clinical trials have shown that the potency of these cancer-selective adenoviruses should be increased to optimize therapeutic efficacy. One potential strategy is to increase the efficiency of adenovirus-induced cell lysis, a mechanism that has not been clearly ...
Menachery A - - 2011
The ability to isolate and accurately position single cells in three dimensions is becoming increasingly important in many areas of biological research. The authors describe the design, theoretical modelling and testing of a novel dielectrophoretic (DEP) tweezer for picking out and relocating single target cells. The device is constructed using ...
Simon D - - 2011
Few targets for neuroprotection have been defined in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent data from the role of Wnt, insulin-like growth factor-1 and estradiol pathways in AD suggest some therapeutic targets for disease treatment, and have led us to evaluate the "common factors" in these pathways as further candidate targets. These ...
Tonutti Laura - - 2011
In this study, we investigated the effects of microtubule-targeting drugs, which either destabilize (the Vinca alkaloid vincristine) or stabilize (the taxane derivative docetaxel) microtubules, on the cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesive junctions of Caco-2 tumor epithelial cells, using fluorescence imaging and functional assays. We found that, in sub-confluent (but not confluent) ...
Joh Richard I - - 2011
Cell fate determination is usually described as the result of the stochastic dynamics of gene regulatory networks (GRNs) reaching one of multiple steady-states each of which corresponds to a specific decision. However, the fate of a cell is determined in finite time suggesting the importance of transient dynamics in cellular ...
Record Michel - - 2011
Cell secretion is a general process involved in various biological responses. Exosomes are part of this process and have gained considerable scientific interest in the past five years. Several steps through investigations across the last 20years can explain this interest. First characterized during reticulocyte maturation, they were next characterized as ...
Liu Xin - - 2011
Electrochemical microelectrodes are commonly used to detect spikes of amperometric current that correspond to exocytosis of oxidizable transmitter from individual vesicles, i.e., quantal exocytosis. We are developing transparent multielectrochemical electrode arrays on microchips in order to automate measurement of quantal exocytosis. Here, we report development of an improved device to ...
Hausheer F H - - 2011
BNP7787, an investigational drug undergoing global Phase III development, appears to have potential advantages over other cytoprotective compounds that have been evaluated for preventing and mitigating cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. Herein, we characterized the in vitro accumulation of BNP7787 in human renal proximal tubule cells (HK-2) in which cisplatin is known to ...
Kim E K - - 2011
Mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC) regulates a variety of cellular responses including proliferation, growth, differentiation and cell migration. In this study, we show that mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) regulates invasive cancer cell migration through selective activation of Akt1. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)-induced SKOV-3 cell migration was ...
Tang Shaoheng - - 2011
Thickness does matter! The ultrathin nature of 1.8 nm-thick Pd nanosheets prevents them entering cells effectively. A 13-times enhancement in the cells' uptake of the Pd nanosheets has now been achieved by silica coating together with surface functionalization, therefore significantly improving their NIR photothermal cell-killing efficacy.
Bhattacharya Dipsikha - - 2011
This article delineates the design and synthesis of a novel, bio-functionalized, magneto-fluorescent multifunctional nanoparticles suitable for cancer-specific targeting, detection and imaging. Biocompatible, hydrophilic, magneto-fluorescent nanoparticles with surface-pendant amine, carboxyl and aldehyde groups were designed using o-carboxymethyl chitosan (OCMC). The free amine groups of OCMC stabilized magnetite nanoparticles on the surface ...
Phillips K Scott - - 2011
Continuous analysis of two dyes loaded into single mammalian cells using laser-based lysis combined with electrophoretic separation was developed and characterized on microfluidic chips. The devices employed hydrodynamic flow to transport cells to a junction where they were mechanically lysed by a laser-generated cavitation bubble. An electric field then attracted ...
Glowacka Ilona - - 2011
The spike (S) protein of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) can be proteolytically activated by cathepsins B and L upon viral uptake into target cell endosomes. In contrast, it is largely unknown whether host cell proteases located in the secretory pathway of infected cells and/or on the surface ...
Sumiya Eriko - - 2011
Natural products provide a rich source of biological tools, but elucidating their molecular targets remains challenging. Here we report a cell morphological profiling of a natural product library, which permitted the identification of bisebromoamide and miuraenamide A as actin filament stabilizers. Automated high-content image analysis showed that these two structurally ...
Moore Paul A - - 2011
We describe here application of a novel bispecific antibody platform termed Dual-Affinity Re-Targeting (DART™) to eradicate B-cell lymphoma through co-engagement of the B-cell specific antigen CD19 and the T-cell receptor/CD3 complex on effector T-cells. Side by side comparison with a single-chain bispecific antibody bearing identical CD19 and CD3 antibody Fv ...
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