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Ma Ning-Yi - - 2013
To investigate the influence of chronic hypoxia and anoxia on cell survival after low- and high-LET radiation, CHO-K1 cells were kept for 24 h under chronic hypoxia (94.5% N2; 5% CO2; 0.5% O2) or chronic anoxia (95% N2; 5% CO2). Irradiation was performed using 250 kVp X-rays or carbon ions ...
Silver Kristopher - - 2012
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most widely used drugs for the suppression of inflammation and pain. However, the analgesic properties of NSAIDs are also associated with significant negative side effects, most notably in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Increasingly, evidence indicates that the ulcerogenic properties of some NSAIDs are ...
Ghaffarian Rasa - - 2012
Bioavailability of oral drugs, particularly large hydrophilic agents, is often limited by poor adhesion and transport across gastrointestinal (GI) epithelial cells. Drug delivery systems, such as sub-micrometer polymer carriers (nanocarriers, NCs) coupled to affinity moieties that target GI surface markers involved in transport, may improve this aspect. To explore this ...
Hamade Eva - - 2012
The anti-inflammatory effect of two new thiazoles derivatives CX-32 (N-[4-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]acetamide ) and CX-35 (4-(2-amino-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)-2-methoxyphenol), was investigated in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cell line. Synthesis, structure analysis and purity of these compounds were evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography, H1 NMR, and C14 NMR. Assessment of CX-32 and CX-35 inhibitory effect on ...
Liu Dong-bo - - 2012
To investigate the mechanisms underlying the anticancer effect of celecoxib on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). NPC cell lines, HNE1 and CNE1-LMP1, were treated with various concentrations of celecoxib for 48 h. The antiproliferative effect of celecoxib was assessed using MTT assay. Both cell cycle profiles and apoptosis were analyzed using flow ...
Doppalapudi Rupa S - - 2012
The genotoxic activities of three cancer chemopreventive drug candidates, CP-31398 (a cell permeable styrylquinazoline p53 modulator), SHetA2 (a flexible heteroarotinoid), and phospho-ibuprofen (PI, a derivative of ibuprofen) were tested. None of the compounds were mutagenic in the Salmonella/Escherichia coli/microsome plate incorporation test. CP-31398 and SHetA2 did not induce chromosomal aberrations ...
Nagano Y - - 2012
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) often cause gastrointestinal complications such as gastric ulcers and erosions. Recent studies on the pathogenesis have revealed that NSAIDs induce lipid peroxidation in gastric epithelial cells by generating superoxide anion in mitochondria, independently with cyclooxygenase-inhibition and the subsequent prostaglandin deficiency. Although not clearly elucidated, the impairment ...
Higashi Ai - - 2012
Background: There is no in vitro test to diagnose aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA). The aim of this study was to test if challenge with aspirin of sputum cells from subjects with AIA triggers the release of cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs), known to be mediators of bronchoconstriction in AIA. Methods: Sputum induction was ...
Hojka-Osinska Anna - - 2012
Currently used cytotoxic drugs in cancer therapy have a similar mechanism of action and low specificity. Applied simultaneously, they show an additive effect with strong side effects. Clinical trials with the use of different agents in cancer therapy show that the use of these compounds alone is not very effective ...
Kartal-Hodzic Alma - - 2012
Acetaldehyde is a known mutagenic substance and has been classified as a group-one carcinogen by the WHO. It is possible to bind acetaldehyde locally in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract with the semi-essential amino acid l-cysteine, which reacts covalently with acetaldehyde and forms compound 2-methyl-thiozolidine-4-carboxylic acid (MTCA). The Caco-2 cell line ...
Tavolari Simona - - 2012
The ability to induce changes in cell membrane properties is nowadays considered an additional mechanism to explain the pharmacological effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We previously demonstrated that the NSAID Licofelone, a dual cyclooxygenase/5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, triggers apoptosis in HCA-7 colon cancer cells independently from the inhibition of these enzymes. ...
Osborne Neville N - - 2012
Oxidative stress to RGC-5 cells in culture was delivered by exposure to a combination of glutamate (Glu) and buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine (BSO). The effect of the insult on cell survival was quantified by the resazurin-reduction and a dead/live assays. Moreover, breakdown of DNA, the localisation of phosphatidylserine and reactive radical species (ROS) ...
Piché Carlie D - - 2012
Phthalate plasticizers are used in the plastics industry to aid in processing and impart flexibility to plastics. Due to the broad use of plastics, and the tendency of plasticizers to leach out of polymers, plasticizers have become ubiquitous in the environment. Concerns about the testicular toxicity of phthalate plasticizers, in ...
De Luna-Bertos E - - 2012
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used in bone tissue repair treatment for their pharmacological action. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of aspirin, on osteoblast growth, using MG63 cell line as osteoblast model. MTT spectrophotometry results showed that 20, 100, and 1000 μM aspirin doses ...
Marangoni Roberto - - 2011
By using NMR spectroscopy, a non-invasive investigation technique, we performed in vivo experiments aimed at uncovering the metabolic pathways involved in the early response of Fabrea salina cells to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. This hypersaline ciliate was chosen as a model organism because of its well-known high resistance to UV radiation. ...
Jiang Wen - - 2012
The interplay between phase II enzymes and efflux transporters leads to extensive metabolism and low bioavailability for flavonoids. To investigate the simplest interplay between one UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoform and one efflux transporter in flavonoid disposition, engineered HeLa cells stably overexpressing UGT1A9 were developed, characterized, and further applied to investigate the metabolism ...
Bermejo Clara - - 2011
Over the past decade, we have learned that cellular processes, including signalling and metabolism, are highly compartmentalized, and that relevant changes in metabolic state can occur at sub-second timescales. Moreover, we have learned that individual cells in populations, or as part of a tissue, exist in different states. If we ...
Ganapathy Ekambaram - - 2012
We recently reported that apoA-I and apoA-I mimetic peptides prevent the development of flank tumors in immunocompetent C57BL/6J mice. To delineate the mechanism(s) of action of apoA-I mimetic peptides in tumor development, we examined the effect of D-4F (an apoA-I mimetic peptide) on the antioxidant status and on the gene ...
Jürchott Kathrin - - 2011
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) profiles were generated from U87 glioma cells and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC). 37 metabolites representing glycolysis intermediates, TCA cycle metabolites, amino acids and lipids were selected for a detailed analysis. The concentrations of these metabolites were compared and Pearson correlation coefficients were used to calculate ...
Mary Pascaline - - 2011
Droplet-based microfluidics provides an excellent platform for high-throughput biological assays. Each droplet serves as a reaction vessel with a volume as small as a few picolitres. This is an important technology for a high variety of applications. However this technology is restricted to homogeneous assays as it is very difficult ...
Koshimizu Hisatsugu - - 2011
Chromogranin A (CgA) is a member of the granin family of molecules found in secretory granules of endocrine and neuro-endocrine cells. Here, we have identified a new 23-mer CgA-derived peptide secreted from pituitary AtT-20 cells, which we named pyroGlu-serpinin (pGlu-serpinin). LC-MS studies of peptides in conditioned medium of AtT-20 cells ...
Zhao Youlong - - 2011
Malignant gliomas, the most common subtype of primary brain tumors, are characterized by high proliferation, great invasion, and neurological destruction and considered to be the deadliest of human cancers. Analgesic-antitumor peptide (AGAP), one of scorpion toxic polypeptides, has been shown to have antitumor activity. Here we show that recombinant AGAP ...
Zhang Xiao-Guang - - 2011
This study aimed at identifying the expression of functional formyl peptide receptor (FPR)-1 in human retinal pigment epithelium (hRPE) cells and to evaluate the role of FPR in regulation of wound closure of the hRPE monolayer under electric fields (EFs). The expression of FPR in hRPE cells was analyzed with ...
Paunel-Görgülü Adnana N - - 2011
Although expression of trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides has been reported in the brain, nothing is known about TFF expression in the retina. The aim of this study was to test whether TFF peptides are expressed in the murine retina and have any function here. In contrast to most tissues ...
Hassane Fatouma Said - - 2011
Conjugates of cell-penetrating peptides (CPP) and splice redirecting oligonucleotides (ON) display clinical potential as attested by in vivo experimentation in murine models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. However, micromolar concentrations of these conjugates are required to obtain biologically relevant responses as a consequence of extensive endosomal sequestration following endocytosis. Recent work ...
Shahin Mostafa - - 2011
Polymeric micelles based on poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) PEO-b-PCL or poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(α-benzyl carboxylate-ε-caprolactone) PEO-b-PBCL block copolymers were prepared and decorated with either c(RGDfK) or p160, a cancer cell-specific peptide ligand, on their surface. The cellular uptake of p160-decorated PEO-b-PBCL micelles containing DiI fluorescent label by MDA-MB-435 cancer cells was assessed and compared ...
Jung Mi - - 2011
Two-dimensional gold (Au) nanodot arrays on a transparent substrate were fabricated for imaging of living cells. A nanoporous alumina mask with large-area coverage capability was prepared by a two-step chemical wet etching process after a second anodization. Highly ordered Au nanodot arrays were formed on indium-tin-oxide (ITO) glass using very ...
Choi Young Suk - - 2011
Anticancer drug delivery has been hindered due to cell membrane permeability and the lack of a selective marker for tumor cells. Cell permeability is related to the bioavailability of drugs and has therefore been considered to be an essential step for achieving therapeutic efficacy. While different types of transporters currently ...
Rubakhin Stanislav S - - 2011
The intracellular levels and spatial localizations of metabolites and peptides reflect the state of a cell and its relationship to its surrounding environment. Moreover, the amounts and dynamics of metabolites and peptides are indicative of normal or pathological cellular conditions. Here we highlight established and evolving strategies for characterizing the ...
Zdybicka-Barabas Agnieszka - - 2011
Apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) is an abundant hemolymph protein involved in lipid transport and immune response in insects. As revealed by LIVE/DEAD staining, incubation of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria in the presence of Galleria mellonella apoLp-III led to growth inhibition of selected bacteria. An atomic force microscopy (AFM) study of bacterial ...
Amand Helene L - - 2011
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) gain access to intracellular compartments mainly via endocytosis and have capacity to deliver macromolecular cargo into cells. Although the involvement of various endocytic routes has been described it is still unclear what interactions are involved in eliciting an uptake response and to what extent affinity for particular ...
Koren Erez - - 2011
The stability and activity of the HIV cell-penetrating TAT peptide (TATp) on the surface of TATp-modified micelles and liposomes in relation to its proteolytic cleavage was investigated. TATp moieties were attached to the surface of these nanocarriers using TATp modified with a conjugate of phosphatidyl ethanolamine with a 'short' PEG ...
Ozawa Akihiko - - 2011
Augurin is a secretory molecule produced in pituitary, thyroid, and esophagus and implicated in a wide array of physiological processes, from ACTH release to tumor suppression. However, the specific proaugurin-derived peptides present in various cell types are not yet known. In order to shed light on the posttranslational modifications required ...
Sinsuwan Sornchai - - 2011
Cell-associated proteinases from Virgibacillus sp. SK33 isolated from fish sauce fermentation were extracted and characterized. Proteinases were effectively released when washed cells were incubated in 0.3 mg/mL lysozyme in 50 mM Tris-maleate (pH 7) at 37 °C for 2 h. Major cell-associated proteinases exhibited molecular mass of 17, 32, and 65 kDa, ...
Smith Adam W - - 2011
Photoactivatable fluorescent proteins offer the possibility to optically tag and track the location of molecules in their bright state with high spatial and temporal resolution. Several reports of patterned photoactivation have emerged since the development of a photoactivatable variant of the green fluorescent protein (PaGFP) and the demonstration of two-photon ...
Lang Moritz - - 2011
Synthetic biology has recently provided functional single-cell oscillators. With a few exceptions, however, synchronization across a population has not been achieved yet. In particular, designing a cell coupling mechanism to achieve autonomous synchronization is not straightforward since there are usually several different design alternatives. Here, we propose a method to ...
Petersen Sönke - - 2011
Purpose: The integration of living cells into artificial microdevices requires close control of the interfacial interactions. Functional polymer coatings, such as peptide-polymer monolayers, can be used to guide the specific adhesion of living cells on surfaces in a spatially controlled fashion. ?Methods: Silicon surfaces were modified with a protein repellent ...
Helfand Brian T - - 2011
Vimentin intermediate filaments (VIF) extend throughout the rear and perinuclear regions of migrating fibroblasts, but only nonfilamentous vimentin particles are present in lamellipodial regions. In contrast, VIF networks extend to the entire cell periphery in serum-starved or nonmotile fibroblasts. Upon serum addition or activation of Rac1, VIF are rapidly phosphorylated ...
Hsu Jung-Chieh - - 2011
The antimicrobial peptide, chrysophsin-1, exhibits antimicrobial activities with similar efficiencies for both gram-negative and -positive bacteria. In this study, we examined the antitumor activity and modulation of the inflammatory response of a synthetic chrysophsin-1 peptide. In vitro results showed that chrysophsin-1 had greater inhibitory effects against human fibrosarcoma (HT-1080), histiocytic ...
Chungjatupornchai Wipa - - 2011
The display of proteins to cyanobacterial cell surface is made complex by combination of Gram-positive and Gram-negative features of cyanobacterial cell wall. Here, we showed that Synechococcus outer membrane protein A (SomA) can be used as an anchoring motif for the display of organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) on cyanobacterial cell surface. ...
Pereira Mark P - - 2011
The number of antimicrobial agents available for use in humans is limited by the difficulty of discovering chemical agents with selective toxicity to bacterial targets. Numerous small molecule inhibitors have potential as antimicrobial agents, yet their use has been prevented by high levels of toxic cross-reactivity in human cells. For ...
Liu Betty R - - 2011
Functional peptides that transfer biomaterials, such as semiconductor quantum dots (QDs), into cells in biomaterial research have been developed in recent years. Delivery of QDs conjugated with cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) into cells by the endocytic pathway was problematic in biomedical applications because of lysosomal trapping. Here, we demonstrate that histidine- ...
Cazzaniga Emanuela - - 2011
We investigated whether the toxicity of oligomeric amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta1-42) upon differentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, can be affected by changes of membrane lipid composition. An immunostaining technique, using lipids extracted from the cells and separated by thin layer chromatography, suggested that Abeta preferentially binds to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), one of ...
Ligrone Roberto - - 2011
Transfer cells are plant cells specialized in apoplast/symplast transport and characterized by a distinctive wall labyrinth apparatus. The molecular architecture and biochemistry of the labyrinth apparatus are poorly known. The leaf lamina in the aquatic angiosperm Elodea canadensis consists of only two cell layers, with the abaxial cells developing as ...
Boddington Sophie E - - 2011
This study aims to determine the effect of human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) labeling with the fluorescent dye DiD and the iron oxide nanoparticle ferucarbotran on chondrogenesis. hMSCs were labeled with DiD alone or with DiD and ferucarbotran (DiD/ferucarbotran). hMSCs underwent confocal microscopy, optical imaging (OI), and magnetic resonance (MR) ...
Talboys Peter J - - 2011
• The hormonal and physiological regulations underpinning the cell contexts of structural features of the heterogeneous cell wall pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan-I are far from being understood. • The effect of the modulation of abscisic acid (ABA) concentrations and sensitivity on the detection of the LM6 1,5-arabinan epitope at the surface ...
Lu Jia-Hong - - 2011
Abnormal protein aggregation in the brain is linked to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent studies revealed that the oligomeric form of aggregates is most likely the toxic species, and thus could be a good therapeutic target. To screen for potent inhibitors ...
Peer Wendy Ann - - 2011
Metallopeptidases of the M1 family are found in all phyla (except viruses) and are important in the cell cycle and normal growth and development. M1s often have spatiotemporal expression patterns which allow for strict regulation of activity. Mutations in the genes encoding M1s result in disease and are often lethal. ...
Nan Beiyan - - 2011
Myxococcus xanthus is a Gram-negative bacterium that glides over surfaces without the aid of flagella. Two motility systems are used for locomotion: social-motility, powered by the retraction of type IV pili, and adventurous (A)-motility, powered by unknown mechanism(s). We have shown that AgmU, an A-motility protein, is part of a ...
Fu Yuejun - - 2011
Several scorpion insect toxins are selectively active on the lepidopterous and dipterous insects. The gene encoding insect excitatory neurotoxin (BmK IT) from the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) at a high level of 3 mg/0.5 L using the prokaryotic expression system pTWIN1. Colorimetric 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT), ...
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