Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1615
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Vogetseder Alexander - - 2005
We searched for morphological evidence to support the hypothesis that stem cells are responsible for renal tubular cell proliferation. The rationale of the study was that if proliferation relies on progenitors, mitotically active cells should be less differentiated than their neighbors. As the retention of the thymidine analog BrdU has ...
Ahrens Eric T - - 2005
Cellular therapeutics show great promise for the treatment of disease, but few noninvasive techniques exist for monitoring the cells after administration. Here we present a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology that uses perfluoropolyether (PFPE) agents to track cells in vivo. Fluorine MRI selectively images only the labeled cells, and a ...
Song Ho-Taek - - 2005
High-quality biocompatible magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanocrystals were developed through a ligand exchange process of hydrophobically capped nanocrystals with hydrophilic molecules. By simple modulation of the nanocrystal surface ligand charge properties, we have been able to prepare magnetic nanocrystals with excellent intracellular labeling capabilities that efficiently label a variety of ...
Liu Yun - - 2005
Neuregulins are a family of proteins expressed in the developing brain and in brain regions that continue to undergo neurogenesis in adult animals. We investigated the effects of neuregulins on embryonic neural stem cells (NSCs) isolated from E11 mouse telencephalon. Treatment of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-expanded neurosphere cultures with ...
Zhang Qing - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We studied the effects of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) on neural progenitor cell proliferation and survival in the dentate gyrus (DG). METHODS: The adult mice were treated with D-galactose for 7 weeks to mimic natural aging in mice. The level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activities of antioxidant ...
Vuu Kien - - 2005
A novel dual-labeled nanoparticle for use in labeling and tracking cells in vivo is described. We report the construction and characterization of these gadolinium-rhodamine nanoparticles. These particles are constructed from lipid monomers with diacetylene bonds that are sonicated and photolyzed to form polymerized nanoparticles. Cells are efficiently labeled with these ...
Lema Sean C - - 2005
Cell proliferation occurs in the brain of fish throughout life. This mitotic activity contributes new neurons to some brain subdivisions, suggesting potential for plasticity in neural development. Recently we found that the telencephalon in salmonids (salmon, trout) is significantly reduced in fish reared in hatcheries compared to wild fish, and ...
Song E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The transplantation of limbal epithelial cells cultivated on amniotic membrane is a newly developed treatment for limbal stem cell deficiency. The purpose of our study was to investigate the biological characteristics of limbal epithelial cells and evaluate the effect of transplantation of cultivated human limbal epithelial cells on ocular ...
Yamashita Shin - - 2005
Renal progenitor tubular cells (label-retaining cells [LRC]) were recently identified in normal kidneys by in vivo bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling. This study was conducted to examine the behavior of LRC in renal fibrosis. BrdU was injected intraperitoneally into normal rats daily for 7 d. After a 2-wk chase period, unilateral ureteral ...
Zong Hui - - 2005
We describe a method termed MADM (mosaic analysis with double markers) in mice that allows simultaneous labeling and gene knockout in clones of somatic cells or isolated single cells in vivo. Two reciprocally chimeric genes, each containing the N terminus of one marker and the C terminus of the other ...
He Jun - - 2005
Hippocampal neurogenesis is known as the formation of new neurons from the proliferating neural progenitor cells (NPC) at the dentate gyrus. Cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and maturation are critical stages leading to the generation of healthy neurons. As all of these stages can be influenced by alcohol exposure, we studied ...
Cunningham Charles H - - 2005
Contrast agents incorporating superparamagnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles have shown promise as a means to visualize labeled cells using MRI. Labeled cells cause significant signal dephasing due to the magnetic field inhomogeneity induced in water molecules near the cell. With the resulting signal void as the means for detection, the particles behave ...
Coomes Diana L - - 2005
Auditory cortex projects directly and bilaterally to the inferior colliculus (IC). We used multiple fluorescent retrograde tracers to determine whether individual cortical cells project to both the left and right IC. Injection of different tracers into each IC labeled many cells in a sheet that extended throughout much of temporal ...
Tatsumi Kouko - - 2005
The cellular responses to a brain injury are important steps in restoring the integrity and function of the brain. Proliferating cells, such as reactive astrocytes, oligodendrocyte precursor cells and microglia remodel the injured tissue. To spatially and temporally characterize the initial cellular responses in vivo, proliferating cells were pulse-labeled with ...
Zhu Hong - - 2005
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), an enzyme for DNA synthesis, was recently used as a marker of proliferating cells in the dentate gyrus and subventricular zone in normal adult mammalian brains. However, the duration of RNR expression in normal adult brain and the expression pattern of RNR in the adult dentate gyrus ...
Grünheid Thorsten - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study cell kinetics of rat gingival (GE), sulcular (SE) and junctional (JE) epithelia in the steady-state and after application of mechanical pressure. DESIGN: Elastic bands were inserted between first and second maxillary molars of 8-week-old male rats, which were labelled with H(3) TdR and killed in groups of ...
Messmer Bradley T - - 2005
Due to its relatively slow clinical progression, B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is classically described as a disease of accumulation rather than proliferation. However, evidence for various forms of clonal evolution suggests that B-CLL clones may be more dynamic than previously assumed. We used a nonradioactive, stable isotopic labeling ...
Griffin J L - - 2005
Monitoring the metabolism of (13)C-labelled substrates by biological tissues allows both the rate of metabolism and the relative importance of metabolic pathways to be determined. In this study high-resolution magic-angle spinning (HRMAS) (13)C NMR spectroscopy is assessed as a technique for determining the labelling of metabolites in brain slices. Freshly ...
Anslinger K - - 2005
Laser capture microdissection (LMD) is a relatively new technique for the isolation of single cells. The application in forensic investigations has become more and more widespread, especially to select spermatozoa out of mixtures with vaginal cells. In particular in cases with low numbers of sperm it could be profitable to ...
Burns Kevin A - - 2005
Cell proliferation can be detected by the incorporation of tritiated thymidine (3H-dT) or halopyrimidines during DNA synthesis in progenitor cells. Administration of two thymidine analogues at different times can further determine the cell-cycle kinetics of proliferating cells. Traditionally, this was done by combining bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunocytochemistry and 3H-dT autoradiography, or ...
Misell Lisa M - - 2005
Cell proliferation plays an important role in all stages of carcinogenesis. Currently, no safe, direct, in vivo method of measuring breast epithelial cell (BEC) proliferation rates in humans exists. Static immunohistochemical markers of cell proliferation, such as Ki-67 and PCNA indices, have technical limitations including high inter-lab variability, inaccuracy in ...
Sørensen,Christina
When housed together, juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) form social hierarchies in which subordinate animals show stress-related changes in behaviour, endocrine function and neurochemistry. Similar changes are observed in the subordinate animals when social hierarchies are studied in mammalian species. These animals also show a marked reduction in hippocampal cell ...
Mothe A J - - 2005
Ependymal cells of the adult mammalian spinal cord exhibit stem/progenitor cell properties following injury. In the present study, we utilized intraventricular injection of 1,1'-dioctadecyl-6,6'-di(4-sulfophenyl)-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine (DiI) to label the ependyma lining the central canal to allow tracking of the migration of endogenous ependymal cells and their progeny after spinal cord injury ...
Nagasaki Takayuki - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the distribution of epithelial stem cells in the bulbar conjunctiva by measuring homeostatic movements and mitosis of epithelial cells in this region. METHODS: The ubiquitous GFP mouse was used to monitor movement of conjunctival epithelial cells. Cell movement was determined by histology, analyzing the shape and distribution ...
Briones Teresita L - - 2005
Neurogenesis in the mammalian brain continues throughout adulthood. Several factors have been shown to influence neurogenesis, including experience in a complex environment (EC), exercise (EX), and ischemic insult. The authors investigated the effects of behavioral rehabilitation training following transient global cerebral ischemia on the number of new cells in the ...
Jendelová Pavla - - 2005
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a noninvasive method for studying the fate of transplanted cells in vivo. We studied whether superparamagnetic nanoparticles (CD34 microbeads), used clinically for specific magnetic sorting, can be used as a magnetic cell label for in vivo cell visualization. Human cells from peripheral blood were selected ...
Boutonnat Jean - - 2005
PKH67 labelling was compared for classical proliferation assessment (using S phase evaluation) to analyse the cell proliferation of 29 AML patients treated or not with various drugs. Among these drugs, the effect of tetrapeptide AcSDKP or AcSDKP-NH2 on AML cells, stimulated or not by cytokines, was also evaluated in order ...
Counts Scott E - - 2005
Neurogenesis has been demonstrated in the adult mammalian hippocampus by the immunohistochemical identification of cells co-labeled with the neuronal marker NeuN and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), a marker for DNA synthesis. Whether these newly born neurons exhibit a genetic signature similar to that of existing hippocampal cells remains unknown. Recent advances in ...
He Zhen - - 2004
An 8-vessel-occlusion (8VO) method was developed to compare with the conventional 4-vessel-occlusion (4VO) in hippocampal ischemic damage and progenitor cell induction 10 days following ischemia in female rats. Eight posture-relevant tests were performed following ischemia to correlate grades of postural abnormality with the histological outcome. The total hippocampal living cell ...
van Swieten Paul F - - 2005
The chemical labeling of biomolecules continues to be an important tool for the study of their function and cellular fate. Attention is increasingly focused on labeling of biomolecules in living cells, since cell lysis introduces many artefacts. In addition, with the advances in biocompatible synthetic organic chemistry, a whole new ...
Stroh Albrecht - - 2005
Stem cell transplantation is a promising therapeutic approach for several neurological disorders. However, it has yet to fulfill its high expectations, partially due to the lack of a reliable noninvasive method for monitoring the biodistribution of the grafted stem cells in vivo. We have used high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Kasevayuth Kasekarn - - 2004
We have studied intracellular catabolism of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) in Drosophila cell lines, Kc and S2, by a series of pulse-chase experiments using [(35)S]sulfate as a precursor in metabolic labeling experiments. HSPGs in culture medium and cell layer were separately purified by serial chromatographic procedures using Q-Sepharose and Superose ...
Hansen Anne - - 2004
In most vertebrates hitherto examined including humans, certain brain areas retain the capacity to build new neurons during adult life. In some arthropods, above all in crustaceans, continuous genesis of brain neurons has also been shown, namely for soma clusters of the olfactory brain. Several factors as, e.g., sensory input, ...
Bos Clemens - - 2004
To evaluate in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with a conventional 1.5-T system for depiction and tracking of intravascularly injected superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This study was conducted in accordance with French law governing animal research and met guidelines for animal care and use. Rat MSCs ...
Mancuso A - - 2004
A method was developed for obtaining high signal-to-noise 13C NMR spectra of intracellular compounds in metabolically active cultured cells. The method allows TCA cycle labeling kinetics to be determined in real time without significant oxygen transport limitations. Cells were immobilized on the surface of nonporous microcarriers that were either uncoated ...
Zaldibar B - - 2004
Epithelial cell renewal in mussel ( Mytilus galloprovincialis, Lmk) digestive gland and stomach was investigated by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry. Mussels were exposed to 4 mg BrdU/l seawater continuously. Starting at 6 h after treatment, samples were collected every 2 h for 2 days and BrdU labelling was estimated by direct ...
Fowler, Christie Dawn
Neurogenesis in the adult brain has become an exciting research area in the past three decades. With the advent of new scientific methods and techniques, researchers have been able to identify and characterize new cells proliferating throughout the brain. In mammals, the main areas for adult neurogenesis are the subventricular ...
Bain Megan J - - 2004
Granule cell neurogenesis occurs in the dentate gyrus of the mammalian hippocampus throughout adult life, and incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into DNA can serve as a marker of cell division associated with such neurogenesis. We examined the effects of a stressor (3h of restraint) on hippocampal cell proliferation in Sprague-Dawley ...
Jiang Wen - - 2004
Epileptic seizures have been shown to increase the proliferation of granule cell precursors in the adult brain, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study examined the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the proliferation of granule cell precursors in adult rats after pentylenetrazol (PTZ)-induced generalized clonic seizures. Using ...
Lema Sean C - - 2004
Salmon have long been known to imprint and home to natal stream odors, yet the mechanisms driving olfactory imprinting remain obscure. The timing of imprinting is associated with elevations in plasma thyroid hormone levels, with possible effects on growth and proliferation of the peripheral olfactory system. Here, we begin to ...
Hsieh Elaine A - - 2004
A heavy water ((2)H(2)O) labeling method recently developed to measure cell proliferation in vivo is applied here to the measurement of murine epidermal cell turnover and to investigate conditions in which keratinocyte proliferation is either inhibited or stimulated. The technique is based on incorporation of (2)H(2)O into the deoxyribose moiety ...
Braun Kristin M - - 2004
Epidermal label-retaining cells (LRC) can be identified by giving neonatal mice repeated injections of 3H-thymidine or 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine and then finding the cells that are still labelled in adulthood. Although label retention is simply a marker of the proliferative history of a cell, there is, nevertheless, evidence that it is a ...
Van Cruchten S - - 2004
The proliferative activity in the endometrium of 58 bitches in different stages of the estrous cycle was assessed by immunohistochemical detection of the Ki-67 proliferation associated nuclear antigen and by counting mitotic figures. The Ki-67 labelling index and the mitotic index were determined in the surface epithelium, the stroma, the ...
Che Fa-Yun - - 2004
The biosynthesis of neuroendocrine peptides is typically examined by following the rate of appearance of a radioactive amino acid into mature forms of peptides. In the present study, we labeled cell lines with L-leucine containing 10 deuterium residues (d(10)-Leu) and used mass spectrometry to measure the biosynthetic rate of gamma-lipotropin ...
Solly Kelli - - 2004
Label-free detection emerges as a new approach in the development of technologies for cell-based screening assays. Unlike the classic detection methods that use fluorescence, radioisotope, luminescence, or light absorption, label-free detection directly measures the cell function without using a labeled molecule. The advantages of label-free detection include a simple homogeneous ...
Wang Hui-Dong - - 2004
The generation of new cells in the adult mammalian brain may significantly modify pathophysiological processes in neuropsychiatric disorders. We examined the ability of chronic treatment with the antipsychotic drugs (APDs) olanzapine and haloperidol to increase the number and survival of newly generated cells in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and striatal ...
Mandyam Chitra D - - 2004
The birth of cells with neurogenic potential in the adult brain is assessed commonly by detection of exogenous S phase markers, such as bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Analysis of other phases of the cell cycle, however, can provide insight into how external factors, such as opiates, influence the cycling of newly born ...
Takeuchi Takashi - - 2004
The cellular kinetics of villous columnar epithelial cells and M cells in the rabbit small intestine were determined by the use of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) as a tracer. To identify M cells, vimentin antibody was used. The BrdU-labeled nuclei of columnar epithelial cells reached the base of intestinal villi in all ...
Anderson Stasia A - - 2004
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease with early lesions characterized by mononuclear cellular infiltrate, edema, demyelination, and axonal loss that contribute to the clinical course of the disease. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in the mouse is a valuable model with a similar disease course to relapsing-remitting MS. ...
Diermeier S - - 2004
Incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) during DNA replication is frequently used for cell cycle analysis. The flow cytometric BrdU/Hoechst quenching technique is conducive to high-resolution assessment of cell cycle kinetics, but requires continuous BrdU treatment, which may have cytostatic or cytotoxic effects. Here, we have examined the impact of BrdU on ...
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