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Results 401 - 450 of 1648
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Pittet Mikael J - - 2006
Observation of immune and stem cells in their native microenvironments requires the development of imaging agents to allow their in vivo tracking. We describe here the synthesis of magnetofluorescent nanoparticles for cell labeling in vitro and for multimodality imaging of administered cells in vivo. MION-47, a prototype monocrystalline iron oxide ...
Wojtowicz J Martin - - 2006
Neurogenesis within the adult central nervous system is demonstrated using an exogenous cell tracer, 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), in combination with endogenous neuronal markers. Specific primary antibodies raised against these markers are widely available and their visualization is possible with the use of fluorescently tagged secondary antibodies. BrdU is a thymidine analog ...
Miyan Jaleel A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The central nervous system develops around a fluid filled compartment. Recently, attention has turned to the potential role of the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid, CSF) in the developmental process. In particular, the cerebral cortex develops from the germinal epithelium adjacent to the CSF with regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation ...
O'Brien John A JA Neurobiology Division, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, - - 2006
Diolistic labeling is a highly efficient method for introducing dyes into cells using biolistic techniques. The use of lipophilic carbocyanine dyes, combined with particle-mediated biolistic delivery using a hand-held gene gun, allows non-toxic labeling of multiple cells in both living and fixed tissue. The technique is rapid (labeled cells can ...
Shah B B Biomedical Engineering and Dental Medicine Department, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2006
Quantum dots (QDs) are semiconductor nanocrystals that serve as promising alternatives to organic dyes for cell labeling. Because of their unique spectral, physical and chemical properties, QDs are useful for concurrently monitoring several intercellular and intracellular interactions in live normal cells and cancer cells over periods ranging from less than ...
Flexman J A JA Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2006
Neural stem cell therapy for neurological pathologies, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, may delay the onset of symptoms, replace damaged neurons and/or support the survival of endogenous cells. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to track magnetically labeled cells in vivo to observe migration. Prior to transplantation, labeled ...
Pinto M M Department of Radiology, UMDNJ - New Jersey Medical School, MSB F-451, 185 South Orange Avenue, Newark, NJ 07103, - - 2006
Research on the radiation-induced bystander effect has been carried out mainly in 2-D tissue culture systems. This study uses a 3-D model, wherein apparently normal human diploid fibroblasts (AG1522) are grown in a carbon scaffold, to investigate the induction of a G(1) checkpoint in bystander cells present alongside radiolabelled cells. ...
Horváth Eszter M - - 2006
Recent in vitro studies showed that stem cells might fuse with mature cells or each other; however, there is no in vivo evidence for this phenomenon in the cerebral cortex. Our goal was to find evidence for cell fusion in a model of traumatic brain injury followed by grafting of ...
Burns Terry C - - 2006
Thymidine analogs, including bromodeoxyuridine, chlorodeoxyuridine, iododeoxyuridine, and tritiated thymidine, label dividing cells by incorporating into DNA during S phase of cell division and are widely employed to identify cells transplanted into the central nervous system. However, the potential for transfer of thymidine analogs from grafted cells to dividing host cells ...
Misra Sanjay - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized the source of early proliferating cells contributing to venous stenosis formation in a porcine hemodialysis grafts is the adventitia and media, and migration of these cells is greatest within the first two weeks following graft placement, resulting in increased matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity. METHODS: Polytetrafluoroethylene grafts from ...
Aberg Elin - - 2005
Alcoholism is a lifelong disease often associated with emotional disturbances and a high risk of relapse even years after detoxification. To explore if cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus might be important for alcohol-induced brain adaptation, we analysed hippocampal neurogenesis and gliogenesis in adult C57BL/6 mice that ...
Zheng Quan - - 2005
Lanthanide complexes have wide applications in biochemical research and biomedical imaging. We have designed and synthesized a new class of macrocyclic lanthanide chelates, Ln/DTPA-PDA-C(n), for cell labeling and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. Two lipophilic Gd3+ complexes, Gd/DTPA-PDA-C(n) (n = 10, 12), labeled a number of cultured mammalian cells noninvasively ...
Hoehn Benjamin D - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Newborn cells may participate in repair following ischemic brain injury, but their survival and function may be influenced by inflammation. METHODS: We investigated the effects of indomethacin, a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, on the fate of newborn cells following transient focal ischemia. RESULTS: Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled cells, including migrating ...
Nakasone Naohiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to clarify the functional significance of heat-shock protein (HSP)-25 during tooth development. DESIGN: We compared the expression of HSP-25 in the dental epithelial and mesenchymal cells with their proliferative activity during odontogenesis in rat molars on postnatal days 1-100 by immunohistochemistry using anti-HSP-25 ...
Mohorko N - - 2005
Although Hoechst 33342 (H342) is frequently used to label donor cells in cell transplantation research, it has been noted that it might secondarily label the host cells. Furthermore, its potential toxicity leading to cell death has been described. We studied the time course of H342 redistribution from the primary labeled ...
Grochowski Laura L - - 2005
Recent work has raised a question as to the involvement of erythrose-4-phosphate, a product of the pentose phosphate pathway, in the metabolism of the methanogenic archaea (R. H. White, Biochemistry 43:7618-7627, 2004). To address the possible absence of erythrose-4-phosphate in Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, we have assayed cell extracts of this methanogen ...
Asaoka Yoshiji Y Department of Veterinary Pathology, Gifu University, Yanagido 1-1, Gifu, 501-1193, - - 2005
In an in vivo 5-week initiation assay model, chemical hepatectomy by hepato-toxicant administration was utilized as a cell proliferation stimulus as an alternative to the two-thirds partial hepatectomy. The study investigated the effect of an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of D-galactosamine (D-gal) for this purpose in a medium-term liver bioassay, with ...
Vecchio Lorella - - 2006
[D-Ala(2)-D-Leu(5)-Enkephalin] (DADLE) can induce hibernation when injected into ground squirrels in summer and is able to increase the survival time of explanted organs such as liver and lung. Since cell metabolism is a target of this peptide, we have treated HeLa cells with DADLE and investigated its possible effect on ...
Lemmens Evi M P - - 2005
PURPOSE: Febrile seizures are fever-associated early-life seizures that are thought play a role in the development of epilepsy. Seizure-induced proliferation of dentate granule cells has been demonstrated in several adult animal models and is thought to be an integral part of epileptogenesis. The aim of the present study was to ...
Ma Bing - - 2005
Hexadecyl-4-[(18)F]fluorobenzoate ([(18)F]HFB), a long chain fluorinated benzoic acid ester, was prepared in a one-step synthesis by aromatic nucleophilic substitution of [(18)F]fluoride ion on hexadecyl-4-(N,N,N-trimethylammonio)benzoate. The radiolabeled ester was obtained in good yields (52% decay corrected) and high purity (97%). [(18)F]HFB was used to radiolabel rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by ...
Baggett Daniel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Understanding the cellular and molecular basis of tissue development and function requires analysis of individual cells while in their tissue context. METHODS: We developed software to find the optimum border around each cell (segmentation) from two-dimensional microscopic images of intact tissue. Samples were labeled with a fluorescent cell surface ...
Vitolo B - - 2005
The extensive characterization of the replicative human DNA ligase I (LigI) undertaken in the last decade demonstrated that the level of this protein strongly correlates with the rate of cell proliferation. This may allow to expand the repertoire of clinical biomarkers for the analysis of cell proliferation. We have produced ...
Guzman-Marin Ruben - - 2005
We reported previously that 96 h of sleep deprivation (SD) reduced cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus in adult rats. We now report that SD reduces the number of new cells expressing a mature neuronal marker, neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN). Rats were sleep-deprived for 96 h, ...
Aberg Elin - - 2005
In this study, we analyzed how intermittent individual housing with or without a running wheel influenced corticosterone levels and survival of newly proliferated cells in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Female Balb/c mice, in standard or enhanced housing, were divided into groups that were individually housed with or without ...
Bingham Brendan - - 2005
A brief ischemic injury to the gerbil forebrain that caused selective damage in the CA1 region of the hippocampus also enhanced the production of new cells in the hippocampal neurogenic area. When evaluated 1 week after bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) injection, approximately ten times more labeled cells were detected in the hippocampal ...
Fitzpatrick Emily - - 2005
We explore the patterns of survival among dopaminergic cells of the midbrain in MPTP-treated macaque monkeys and 6OHDA-lesioned Sprague-Dawley rats. For the monkeys, animals were injected intramuscularly with MPTP for 8 days consecutively and then allowed to survive for 21 days. For the rats, 6OHDA was injected into the midbrain ...
Ziener C H - - 2005
We describe the NMR relaxation properties of magnetically labeled cells. The cells are labeled with magnetic nanoparticles (SPIO, USPIO), which generate susceptibility contrast. The geometry of the labeled cells and the surrounding tissue is considered. We assume that the magnetic nanoparticles accumulate to form a magnetic core of radius RC ...
Valero Jorge - - 2005
The rostral migratory stream is one of the few regions of the adult mammalian central nervous system in which cellular migration and proliferation have been described. Most rostral migratory stream cells divide rapidly and hence different proliferation markers have been employed to identify them. Nitrogen base substitutes, such as tritiated ...
Námestková Katerina - - 2005
Granular cell proliferation in the adult hippocampus decreases during aging and after chronic stress, while it can be increased by physical activity or treatment with the antidepressant fluoxetine. We investigated whether the physical and cognitive stimulation accompanied by stress in the commonly used Morris water maze affects the rate of ...
Fowler Christie D CD Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, - - 2005
Adult female prairie (Microtus ochrogaster) and meadow (M. pennsylvanicus) voles were compared to examine neural cell proliferation and the effects of estrogen manipulation on cell proliferation in the amygdala, ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH), and dentate gyrus of the hippocampus (DG). Unlike prior studies, our study focused on the amygdala and VMH, ...
Ramaswamy Shilpa - - 2005
Neurogenesis following neural degeneration has been demonstrated in many models of disease and injury. The present study further examines the early proliferative and migratory response of the brain to a controlled cortical impact (CCI) model of traumatic brain injury. The CCI was centered over the forelimb sensorimotor cortex, unilaterally, in ...
Fujigaki Yoshihide - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We examined kinetics and characterization of regenerating proximal tubule (PT) cells after various degrees of tubular injury in S3 segments of PT and assessed label-retaining slow cycling cells in S3. METHODS: PT injury was induced by different doses of uranyl acetate (UA) injection into rats, and initially regenerating PTs ...
Pernthaler Annelie - - 2005
Pulse-labeling with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in combination with fluorescence in situ hybridization was applied to quantify the percentage of proliferating cells in coastal North Sea waters. In order to assess diurnal variability, we sampled eight or nine times, respectively, within 3 consecutive days at two seasons. Bacteria affiliated with the Roseobacter, ...
Vogetseder Alexander - - 2005
We searched for morphological evidence to support the hypothesis that stem cells are responsible for renal tubular cell proliferation. The rationale of the study was that if proliferation relies on progenitors, mitotically active cells should be less differentiated than their neighbors. As the retention of the thymidine analog BrdU has ...
Ahrens Eric T - - 2005
Cellular therapeutics show great promise for the treatment of disease, but few noninvasive techniques exist for monitoring the cells after administration. Here we present a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology that uses perfluoropolyether (PFPE) agents to track cells in vivo. Fluorine MRI selectively images only the labeled cells, and a ...
Song Ho-Taek - - 2005
High-quality biocompatible magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanocrystals were developed through a ligand exchange process of hydrophobically capped nanocrystals with hydrophilic molecules. By simple modulation of the nanocrystal surface ligand charge properties, we have been able to prepare magnetic nanocrystals with excellent intracellular labeling capabilities that efficiently label a variety of ...
Liu Yun - - 2005
Neuregulins are a family of proteins expressed in the developing brain and in brain regions that continue to undergo neurogenesis in adult animals. We investigated the effects of neuregulins on embryonic neural stem cells (NSCs) isolated from E11 mouse telencephalon. Treatment of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-expanded neurosphere cultures with ...
Zhang Qing - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We studied the effects of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) on neural progenitor cell proliferation and survival in the dentate gyrus (DG). METHODS: The adult mice were treated with D-galactose for 7 weeks to mimic natural aging in mice. The level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activities of antioxidant ...
Vuu Kien - - 2005
A novel dual-labeled nanoparticle for use in labeling and tracking cells in vivo is described. We report the construction and characterization of these gadolinium-rhodamine nanoparticles. These particles are constructed from lipid monomers with diacetylene bonds that are sonicated and photolyzed to form polymerized nanoparticles. Cells are efficiently labeled with these ...
Lema Sean C - - 2005
Cell proliferation occurs in the brain of fish throughout life. This mitotic activity contributes new neurons to some brain subdivisions, suggesting potential for plasticity in neural development. Recently we found that the telencephalon in salmonids (salmon, trout) is significantly reduced in fish reared in hatcheries compared to wild fish, and ...
Song E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The transplantation of limbal epithelial cells cultivated on amniotic membrane is a newly developed treatment for limbal stem cell deficiency. The purpose of our study was to investigate the biological characteristics of limbal epithelial cells and evaluate the effect of transplantation of cultivated human limbal epithelial cells on ocular ...
Yamashita Shin - - 2005
Renal progenitor tubular cells (label-retaining cells [LRC]) were recently identified in normal kidneys by in vivo bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling. This study was conducted to examine the behavior of LRC in renal fibrosis. BrdU was injected intraperitoneally into normal rats daily for 7 d. After a 2-wk chase period, unilateral ureteral ...
Zong Hui - - 2005
We describe a method termed MADM (mosaic analysis with double markers) in mice that allows simultaneous labeling and gene knockout in clones of somatic cells or isolated single cells in vivo. Two reciprocally chimeric genes, each containing the N terminus of one marker and the C terminus of the other ...
He Jun - - 2005
Hippocampal neurogenesis is known as the formation of new neurons from the proliferating neural progenitor cells (NPC) at the dentate gyrus. Cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and maturation are critical stages leading to the generation of healthy neurons. As all of these stages can be influenced by alcohol exposure, we studied ...
Cunningham Charles H - - 2005
Contrast agents incorporating superparamagnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles have shown promise as a means to visualize labeled cells using MRI. Labeled cells cause significant signal dephasing due to the magnetic field inhomogeneity induced in water molecules near the cell. With the resulting signal void as the means for detection, the particles behave ...
Coomes Diana L DL Department of Anatomical Sciences and Neurobiology, University of Louisville, 500 S. Preston Street, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2005
Auditory cortex projects directly and bilaterally to the inferior colliculus (IC). We used multiple fluorescent retrograde tracers to determine whether individual cortical cells project to both the left and right IC. Injection of different tracers into each IC labeled many cells in a sheet that extended throughout much of temporal ...
Tatsumi Kouko - - 2005
The cellular responses to a brain injury are important steps in restoring the integrity and function of the brain. Proliferating cells, such as reactive astrocytes, oligodendrocyte precursor cells and microglia remodel the injured tissue. To spatially and temporally characterize the initial cellular responses in vivo, proliferating cells were pulse-labeled with ...
Zhu Hong - - 2005
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), an enzyme for DNA synthesis, was recently used as a marker of proliferating cells in the dentate gyrus and subventricular zone in normal adult mammalian brains. However, the duration of RNR expression in normal adult brain and the expression pattern of RNR in the adult dentate gyrus ...
Grünheid Thorsten - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study cell kinetics of rat gingival (GE), sulcular (SE) and junctional (JE) epithelia in the steady-state and after application of mechanical pressure. DESIGN: Elastic bands were inserted between first and second maxillary molars of 8-week-old male rats, which were labelled with H(3) TdR and killed in groups of ...
Messmer Bradley T - - 2005
Due to its relatively slow clinical progression, B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is classically described as a disease of accumulation rather than proliferation. However, evidence for various forms of clonal evolution suggests that B-CLL clones may be more dynamic than previously assumed. We used a nonradioactive, stable isotopic labeling ...
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