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Results 351 - 400 of 1648
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Blagoev Blagoy - - 2006
In the last several years, the impact of mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics on cell signaling research has increased dramatically. This development has been driven both by better instrumentation and by the progression of proteomics from mainly qualitative measurements towards quantitative analyses. In this regard, Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino acids ...
Cameron Heather A - - 2006
Injection and immunohistochemical detection of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) has become the standard method for studying the birth and survival of neurons, glia, and other cell types in the nervous system. BrdU, a thymidine analog, becomes stably incorporated into DNA during the S-phase of mitosis. Because DNA containing BrdU can be specifically ...
Garon Edward B - - 2007
Quantum dots (QDs) are nanometer scale fluorescent semiconductors that are increasingly used as labeling tools in biological research. These nanoparticles have physical properties, such as high quantum yield and resistance to photobleaching, that make them attractive molecular probes for tracking hematologic cells. Here, we show that QDs attached to a ...
Taupin Philippe - - 2007
Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) is a thymidine analog that incorporates DNA of dividing cells during the S-phase of the cell cycle. As such, BrdU is used for birth dating and monitoring cell proliferation. BrdU immunohistochemistry has been instrumental for the study of the development of the nervous system, and to confirm that ...
Terrovitis John V - - 2006
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising candidate cell for tissue engineering. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been proven effective in visualizing iron-labeled stem cells; however, the efficiency of this approach for visualization of cells seeded on scaffolds intended for use as tissue-engineered heart valves has not been assessed. MSCs ...
Atienza Josephine M - - 2006
Cell-based assays have become an integral part of the preclinical drug development process. Recently, noninvasive label-free cell-based assay technologies have taken center stage, offering important and distinct advantages over and in addition to traditional label-based endpoint assays. Dynamic monitoring of live cells, the preclusion of label, and kinetics are some ...
Rogers Walter J - - 2006
Animal studies have shown some success in the use of stem cells of diverse origins to treat heart failure and ventricular dysfunction secondary to ischemic injury. The clinical use of these cells is, therefore, promising. In order to develop effective cell therapies, the location, distribution and long-term viability of these ...
Simmons Andrea Megela - - 2006
We examined patterns of cell proliferation in the auditory midbrain (torus semicircularis) of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, over larval and early postmetamorphic development, by visualizing incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) in cycling cells. At all developmental stages, BrdU-labeled cells were concentrated around the optic ventricle. BrdU-labeled cells also appeared within the ...
Siejka A - - 2006
Effects of angiotensins II (AngII), angiotensin IV (AngIV, 3-8 fragment of angiotensin II) and losartan (an antagonist of angiotensin receptor type 1) on the proliferation of adrenocortical cells in ovariectomized rats have been studied. The incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into cell nuclei was used as an index of cell proliferation. ...
Kochman Linda J - - 2006
Hippocampal cell proliferation and concomitant motor activity were examined in adult male mice (C57BL/6J) across a 12:12h light-dark cycle. 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) (200 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered at six equally spaced time points across 24h. A significant change in cell proliferation was found in the hilus (light phase>dark phase), but not ...
Kotani S - - 2006
In adult hippocampus, neural progenitor cells give rise to neurons throughout life, and the neurogenesis is modulated by various intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Recent reports showed that lesion of septal cholinergic nuclei projecting to hippocampus suppressed the survival of newborn cells in the dentate gyrus (DG) of hippocampus. Here, we ...
Marks Kevin M - - 2006
Methods to visualize, track, measure and perturb proteins in living cells are central to biomedicine's efforts to characterize and understand the spatial and temporal underpinnings of life inside cells. Although fluorescent proteins have revolutionized such studies, they have shortcomings, which have spurred the creation of alternative approaches to chemically label ...
Durand Ralph E - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A subset of patients in a clinical study where sequential biopsies were to be obtained during multifraction radiotherapy received pimonidazole prior to initiating treatment, allowing a unique opportunity of following hypoxic cells in situ during therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After institutional ethics review and with informed consent, ...
Bilsland James George - - 2006
Neural stem cells reside in the subventricular zone and the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in adult mammalian brain. In the hippocampus, a number of factors are reported to modulate the rate of neural progenitor proliferation in the hippocampus, such as exercise, corticosteroids, and many pharmacological agents including several classes ...
Vermeer Joop E M - - 2006
To investigate PtdIns3P localization and function in plants, a fluorescent PtdIns3P-specific biosensor (YFP-2xFYVE) was created. On lipid dot blots it bound specifically and with high affinity to PtdIns3P. Transient expression in cowpea protoplasts labelled vacuolar membranes and highly motile structures undergoing fusion and fission. Stable expression in tobacco BY-2 cells ...
Liu Bing Fang - - 2006
The proliferative activity of neural precursors from the subventricular zone (SVZ) was investigated after a unilateral lesion was formed in the nigrostriatal pathway in adult rats. The lesion was formed by unilateral injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) into the nigrostriatal pathway, and then bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected (ip) for 4 days ...
Garden O A OA Department of Immunology, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, W12 ONN, - - 2006
A number of techniques have been developed to track the migration of T cells in vivo, but they all suffer significant shortcomings, including the examination of selected organs rather than the organism as a whole--thus precluding longitudinal studies--or limitations imposed by poor spatial resolution and the application of ionizing radiation. ...
Liu Juan - - 2006
Dysfunctional maturation of neural networks, particularly hippocampus-prefrontal networks, may be of particular interest in determining the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Phencyclidine (PCP)-induced symptoms in humans appear to offer a more complete model of schizophrenia than do amphetamine-induced symptoms. This study investigated the effects of intermittent i.p. injections of PCP (7.5 mg/kg) ...
Höglund Johanna - - 2006
Investigations into the cellular processing of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) for their further use in radioimmunodiagnosis and cancer therapy are needed in order to understand the fate of internalized and catabolized mAbs. The anti-colorectal cancer mAb, A33, was labelled with 76Br and 125I using the direct Chloramine-T method, or by ...
Arbab Ali S - - 2006
Cellular magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) allows for the tracking of the temporal and spatial migration of cells labeled with MR contrast agents within organs and tissues. This rapidly growing area of experimental research has the potential of translating from bench to bedside and may be used in conjunction with cellular ...
Zhou Mingyuan M Department of Dermatology, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2006
To determine the distribution of slow-cycling cells, which are detected as label-retaining cells (LRCs), in mouse lens epithelium during postnatal development. Pregnant BALB/c mice were injected intraperitoneally (twice daily) with tritiated thymidine (3H-TdR), beginning at 17 days of gestation until birth. At birth, the in utero-labeled neonatal mice were injected ...
Chen Hu - - 2006
A recent hypothesis suggests reduced hippocampal neurogenesis in depression. Here, we examined cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus and the subventricular zone of rats given repeated stress, a paradigm that prolongs learned helplessness behavior, and whether antidepressants modulate the learned helplessness-associated altered cell proliferation. Decreased cell proliferation, number of clusters, ...
He Gengxu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In vivo imaging of the cells transplanted into the beating heart is very important for the study of the cell's retention, migration. This study was designed to find a new labeling agent to trace and visualize the transplanted cells in vivo. METHOD: BMMSCs were incubated with SPIO for 48 ...
Walczak Piotr - - 2006
Cellular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) relies on the use of intracellular contrast agents, primarily iron oxide compounds. Several techniques have been used to efficiently shuttle iron oxides into nonphagocytic cells, but all methods used until now require a prolonged incubation of cells. We hypothesized that instant magnetic labeling of cells ...
Bálentová Sona - - 2006
One of the few areas of the adult CNS, that are known to be competent for neuronal proliferation, is the subventricular zone (SVZ) lining the brain lateral ventricles. Cells proliferating in the SVZ migrate along a defined pathway, the rostral migratory stream (RMS), where their proliferation continues until reaching the ...
Asquith Becca - - 2006
The cytoplasmic dye carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) is used to quantify cell kinetics. It is particularly important in studies of lymphocyte homeostasis where its labelling of cells irrespective of their stage in the cell cycle makes it preferable to deuterated glucose and BrdU, which only label dividing cells and ...
Liu Dacheng - - 2006
The combination of flow cytometry and carboxyl fluorescent succinimidyl ester (CFSE) labeling techniques has been widely used in the study of cellular proliferation, including measurement of the percentage of proliferated cells and the number of cell divisions undergone by proliferated cells. However, the smallest numbers that represent true cell division ...
Willberg Jaana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The integrity of junctional epithelium (JE) and a firm epithelial adhesion to the tooth surface are maintained by the balance between cell proliferation and cell death. Maintaining the JE structure is essential for the protection of periodontal connective tissues against oral microbes. In this study, the proliferative activity and ...
Bode A - - 2006
Neoblasts in Platyhelminthes are the only cells to proliferate and differentiate into all cell types. In Macrostomum lignano, the incorporation of 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) in neoblasts confirmed the distribution of S-phase cells in two lateral bands. BrdU labeling for light and for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) identified three populations of proliferating ...
Martoncíková Marcela - - 2006
The objective of this study was to analyze neurogenesis in the rat rostral migratory stream (RMS) during the first postnatal month.1. During the early postnatal development some morphological changes, concerning the RMS thickness, shape, and the olfactory ventricle persistence at P0 were observed. 2. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry and subsequent quantification ...
Ledergerber Debora - - 2006
Unilateral intrahippocampal injection of kainic acid (KA) in adult mice induces an epileptic focus replicating major histopathological features of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In this model, neurogenesis is impaired in the lesioned dentate gyrus, although cell proliferation transiently is increased bilaterally in the subgranular zone (SGZ). To investigate further the ...
Paulus Tanja - - 2006
Although some species of Annelida have an enormous capacity to regenerate, it is not yet known whether reestablishment of lost body parts is performed by stem cells, depends on preceding dedifferentiation of somatic cells, or is a combination of both. In order to clarify how, in the case of epimorphic ...
It is often confused with D. norvegica. However, the widest part of the cell lies further posteriorly than in D. norvegica, with a blunt antapical tip. Length: 54-94 microns.
Dube Danielle H - - 2006
Changes in O-linked protein glycosylation are known to correlate with disease states but are difficult to monitor in a physiological setting because of a lack of experimental tools. Here, we report a technique for rapid profiling of O-linked glycoproteins in living animals by metabolic labeling with N-azidoacetylgalactosamine (GalNAz) followed by ...
Schmid Michaela - - 2006
Several radiolabeled thymidine analogs as metabolic probes of cell proliferation were developed specifically addressing DNA synthesis. Thymidine analogs containing carboranylalkyl groups for neutron capture therapy at the N-3 position were found to be good substrates for cytosolic thymidine kinase 1 (TK1). According to this approach, a DO3A macrocycle in N-3 ...
Tomoyuki, MURAKAMI
A method of in situ biotinylated dUTP incorporation into nuclei was developed for evaluaton of cell growth activity. HeLa cells or frozen sections of cancer tissues were incubated in a solution containing bio-dUTP and the other deoxyribonucleotides (dATP, dCTP, dGTP), after permeabilization of cell membrane with Triton X-100, and signals ...
Kawamura Kazuo - - 2006
Body trunks were isolated from juvenile zooids of the Japanese colonial tunicate Botryllus primigenus and cultured in vitro to establish tissue-specific cell lines. Epidermal cells from some explants spread and formed a flat sheet consisting of vacuolated cells. They then dissociated into single cells, and their growth stopped within two ...
Kataoka Yosky - - 2006
The generation and renewal of cells in the adult mammalian central nervous system maintains brain functions, including plasticity. Even in the cerebral cortex of adult mammals, glial cells are thought to be replaced with newly generated cells every 100 days. Recently, we demonstrated that this proliferation is stimulated by neural ...
Anderson Stasia A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to test cell-labeling methods to achieve intracellular labeling and T1 enhancement of cells on magnetic resonance imaging using a paramagnetic Gd@C82 fullerenol contrast agent, and to determine the effect of labeling on cell viability, metabolism, and differentiation capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We tested ...
Kolokol'chikova E G - - 2006
Proliferative and functional (protein producing) activities of palatine tonsillar cells were studied by light radioautography (semithin sections). 3H-Thymidine incorporation demonstrated the dynamics of renewal of palatine tonsillar cell populations in various pathological states. 3H-Uridine labeling objectively evaluated functional activity of different cells and more accurately showed distribution of destructive processes ...
Villar-Cheda Begoña - - 2006
Cell proliferation in the forebrain and midbrain of the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus L.) was investigated by proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunocytochemistry, with BrdU labeling as a complementary technique. Correspondence between proliferation regions and areas of early neuronal differentiation was also assessed using antibodies against HNK-1 early differentiation marker. ...
Ernst Carl - - 2006
In models of global brain injury, such as stroke or epilepsy, a large increase in neurogenesis occurs in the dentate gyrus (DG) days after the damage is induced. In contrast, more focal damage in the DG produces an increase in neurogenesis within 24 hr. To determine how cell proliferation and ...
Chapman Judith A - - 2006
During metamorphic development, bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) undergo substantial morphological, anatomical, and physiological changes as the animals prepare for the transition from a fully-aquatic to a semi-terrestrial existence. Using BrdU incorporation and immunohistochemistry, we quantify changes in cell proliferation in two key auditory brainstem nuclei, the dorsolateral nucleus and the superior ...
Dunning Mark D - - 2006
There is increasing interest in the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods for tracking the fate of labelled cells in vivo post-implantation. The majority of studies have employed cell labels based on nanometer-sized ultrasmall dextran-coated iron oxide particles (USPIO), which are detected through signal hypointensity in T2-weighted images. Although ...
Christensen Birgitte Mønster - - 2006
Lithium (Li) treatment for 4 wk has previously been shown to increase the fraction of intercalated cells in parallel with a decrease in the fraction of principal cells in the kidney collecting duct (Christensen BM, Marples D, Kim YH, Wang W, Frøkiaer J, and Nielsen S. Am J Physiol Cell ...
Westerholm-Parvinen, Ann
Microbial Cell Factories Vol.5 Nr.Suppl. 1, P65
Hemmrich Karsten - - 2006
Adipose tissue engineering with preadipocyte-loaded scaffolds requires adequate tracking of preadipocytes to allow evaluation and quantification of cell proliferation, expansion and differentiation in three-dimensional systems. To differentiate between graft and host cells, labeling of preadipocytes before implantation and tracking of these cells until harvest would be useful. Immunohistochemistry enables the ...
Wu Joy S - - 2006
Mosaic analysis with a repressible cell marker (MARCM) is a genetic technique used in Drosophila to label single cells or multiple cells sharing a single progenitor. Labeled homozygous mutant cells can be generated in an otherwise unlabeled heterozygous animal. Mutant or wild-type labeled cells can also be made to express ...
Azuara Véronique - - 2006
Profiling chromatin in a particular cell type provides a valuable 'signature' for cell identity and developmental stage. One approach has been to assay and use the timing of DNA replication across a panel of loci as an indicator of chromatin structure. This epigenetic profiling used on pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) ...
Terry Nicholas H A - - 2006
This protocol describes methods for calculating the proliferative parameters of cell populations. The basis of the technique is to label cells, either in vitro or in vivo, with halogenated thymidine analogs, such as bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Bivariate DNA-BrdU flow cytometry is used to analyze the BrdU-labeled and unlabeled cells. The enumeration ...
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