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Results 351 - 400 of 1615
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Dube Danielle H - - 2006
Changes in O-linked protein glycosylation are known to correlate with disease states but are difficult to monitor in a physiological setting because of a lack of experimental tools. Here, we report a technique for rapid profiling of O-linked glycoproteins in living animals by metabolic labeling with N-azidoacetylgalactosamine (GalNAz) followed by ...
Schmid Michaela - - 2006
Several radiolabeled thymidine analogs as metabolic probes of cell proliferation were developed specifically addressing DNA synthesis. Thymidine analogs containing carboranylalkyl groups for neutron capture therapy at the N-3 position were found to be good substrates for cytosolic thymidine kinase 1 (TK1). According to this approach, a DO3A macrocycle in N-3 ...
Tomoyuki, MURAKAMI
A method of in situ biotinylated dUTP incorporation into nuclei was developed for evaluaton of cell growth activity. HeLa cells or frozen sections of cancer tissues were incubated in a solution containing bio-dUTP and the other deoxyribonucleotides (dATP, dCTP, dGTP), after permeabilization of cell membrane with Triton X-100, and signals ...
Kawamura Kazuo - - 2006
Body trunks were isolated from juvenile zooids of the Japanese colonial tunicate Botryllus primigenus and cultured in vitro to establish tissue-specific cell lines. Epidermal cells from some explants spread and formed a flat sheet consisting of vacuolated cells. They then dissociated into single cells, and their growth stopped within two ...
Kataoka Yosky - - 2006
The generation and renewal of cells in the adult mammalian central nervous system maintains brain functions, including plasticity. Even in the cerebral cortex of adult mammals, glial cells are thought to be replaced with newly generated cells every 100 days. Recently, we demonstrated that this proliferation is stimulated by neural ...
Anderson Stasia A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to test cell-labeling methods to achieve intracellular labeling and T1 enhancement of cells on magnetic resonance imaging using a paramagnetic Gd@C82 fullerenol contrast agent, and to determine the effect of labeling on cell viability, metabolism, and differentiation capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We tested ...
Kolokol'chikova E G - - 2006
Proliferative and functional (protein producing) activities of palatine tonsillar cells were studied by light radioautography (semithin sections). 3H-Thymidine incorporation demonstrated the dynamics of renewal of palatine tonsillar cell populations in various pathological states. 3H-Uridine labeling objectively evaluated functional activity of different cells and more accurately showed distribution of destructive processes ...
Villar-Cheda Begoña - - 2006
Cell proliferation in the forebrain and midbrain of the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus L.) was investigated by proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunocytochemistry, with BrdU labeling as a complementary technique. Correspondence between proliferation regions and areas of early neuronal differentiation was also assessed using antibodies against HNK-1 early differentiation marker. ...
Ernst Carl - - 2006
In models of global brain injury, such as stroke or epilepsy, a large increase in neurogenesis occurs in the dentate gyrus (DG) days after the damage is induced. In contrast, more focal damage in the DG produces an increase in neurogenesis within 24 hr. To determine how cell proliferation and ...
Chapman Judith A - - 2006
During metamorphic development, bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) undergo substantial morphological, anatomical, and physiological changes as the animals prepare for the transition from a fully-aquatic to a semi-terrestrial existence. Using BrdU incorporation and immunohistochemistry, we quantify changes in cell proliferation in two key auditory brainstem nuclei, the dorsolateral nucleus and the superior ...
Dunning Mark D - - 2006
There is increasing interest in the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods for tracking the fate of labelled cells in vivo post-implantation. The majority of studies have employed cell labels based on nanometer-sized ultrasmall dextran-coated iron oxide particles (USPIO), which are detected through signal hypointensity in T2-weighted images. Although ...
Christensen Birgitte Mønster - - 2006
Lithium (Li) treatment for 4 wk has previously been shown to increase the fraction of intercalated cells in parallel with a decrease in the fraction of principal cells in the kidney collecting duct (Christensen BM, Marples D, Kim YH, Wang W, Frøkiaer J, and Nielsen S. Am J Physiol Cell ...
Westerholm-Parvinen, Ann
Microbial Cell Factories Vol.5 Nr.Suppl. 1, P65
Hemmrich Karsten - - 2006
Adipose tissue engineering with preadipocyte-loaded scaffolds requires adequate tracking of preadipocytes to allow evaluation and quantification of cell proliferation, expansion and differentiation in three-dimensional systems. To differentiate between graft and host cells, labeling of preadipocytes before implantation and tracking of these cells until harvest would be useful. Immunohistochemistry enables the ...
Wu Joy S - - 2006
Mosaic analysis with a repressible cell marker (MARCM) is a genetic technique used in Drosophila to label single cells or multiple cells sharing a single progenitor. Labeled homozygous mutant cells can be generated in an otherwise unlabeled heterozygous animal. Mutant or wild-type labeled cells can also be made to express ...
Flexman J A - - 2006
Neural stem cell therapy for neurological pathologies, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, may delay the onset of symptoms, replace damaged neurons and/or support the survival of endogenous cells. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to track magnetically labeled cells in vivo to observe migration. Prior to transplantation, labeled ...
Azuara Véronique - - 2006
Profiling chromatin in a particular cell type provides a valuable 'signature' for cell identity and developmental stage. One approach has been to assay and use the timing of DNA replication across a panel of loci as an indicator of chromatin structure. This epigenetic profiling used on pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) ...
Terry Nicholas H A - - 2006
This protocol describes methods for calculating the proliferative parameters of cell populations. The basis of the technique is to label cells, either in vitro or in vivo, with halogenated thymidine analogs, such as bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Bivariate DNA-BrdU flow cytometry is used to analyze the BrdU-labeled and unlabeled cells. The enumeration ...
Pinto M - - 2006
Research on the radiation-induced bystander effect has been carried out mainly in 2-D tissue culture systems. This study uses a 3-D model, wherein apparently normal human diploid fibroblasts (AG1522) are grown in a carbon scaffold, to investigate the induction of a G(1) checkpoint in bystander cells present alongside radiolabelled cells. ...
Pittet Mikael J - - 2006
Observation of immune and stem cells in their native microenvironments requires the development of imaging agents to allow their in vivo tracking. We describe here the synthesis of magnetofluorescent nanoparticles for cell labeling in vitro and for multimodality imaging of administered cells in vivo. MION-47, a prototype monocrystalline iron oxide ...
Shah B - - 2006
Quantum dots (QDs) are semiconductor nanocrystals that serve as promising alternatives to organic dyes for cell labeling. Because of their unique spectral, physical and chemical properties, QDs are useful for concurrently monitoring several intercellular and intracellular interactions in live normal cells and cancer cells over periods ranging from less than ...
Wojtowicz J Martin - - 2006
Neurogenesis within the adult central nervous system is demonstrated using an exogenous cell tracer, 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), in combination with endogenous neuronal markers. Specific primary antibodies raised against these markers are widely available and their visualization is possible with the use of fluorescently tagged secondary antibodies. BrdU is a thymidine analog ...
Miyan Jaleel A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The central nervous system develops around a fluid filled compartment. Recently, attention has turned to the potential role of the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid, CSF) in the developmental process. In particular, the cerebral cortex develops from the germinal epithelium adjacent to the CSF with regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation ...
O'Brien John A JA Neurobiology Division, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, - - 2006
Diolistic labeling is a highly efficient method for introducing dyes into cells using biolistic techniques. The use of lipophilic carbocyanine dyes, combined with particle-mediated biolistic delivery using a hand-held gene gun, allows non-toxic labeling of multiple cells in both living and fixed tissue. The technique is rapid (labeled cells can ...
Horváth Eszter M - - 2006
Recent in vitro studies showed that stem cells might fuse with mature cells or each other; however, there is no in vivo evidence for this phenomenon in the cerebral cortex. Our goal was to find evidence for cell fusion in a model of traumatic brain injury followed by grafting of ...
Burns Terry C - - 2006
Thymidine analogs, including bromodeoxyuridine, chlorodeoxyuridine, iododeoxyuridine, and tritiated thymidine, label dividing cells by incorporating into DNA during S phase of cell division and are widely employed to identify cells transplanted into the central nervous system. However, the potential for transfer of thymidine analogs from grafted cells to dividing host cells ...
Misra Sanjay - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized the source of early proliferating cells contributing to venous stenosis formation in a porcine hemodialysis grafts is the adventitia and media, and migration of these cells is greatest within the first two weeks following graft placement, resulting in increased matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity. METHODS: Polytetrafluoroethylene grafts from ...
Aberg Elin - - 2005
Alcoholism is a lifelong disease often associated with emotional disturbances and a high risk of relapse even years after detoxification. To explore if cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus might be important for alcohol-induced brain adaptation, we analysed hippocampal neurogenesis and gliogenesis in adult C57BL/6 mice that ...
Zheng Quan - - 2005
Lanthanide complexes have wide applications in biochemical research and biomedical imaging. We have designed and synthesized a new class of macrocyclic lanthanide chelates, Ln/DTPA-PDA-C(n), for cell labeling and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. Two lipophilic Gd3+ complexes, Gd/DTPA-PDA-C(n) (n = 10, 12), labeled a number of cultured mammalian cells noninvasively ...
Hoehn Benjamin D - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Newborn cells may participate in repair following ischemic brain injury, but their survival and function may be influenced by inflammation. METHODS: We investigated the effects of indomethacin, a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, on the fate of newborn cells following transient focal ischemia. RESULTS: Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled cells, including migrating ...
Nakasone Naohiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to clarify the functional significance of heat-shock protein (HSP)-25 during tooth development. DESIGN: We compared the expression of HSP-25 in the dental epithelial and mesenchymal cells with their proliferative activity during odontogenesis in rat molars on postnatal days 1-100 by immunohistochemistry using anti-HSP-25 ...
Mohorko N - - 2005
Although Hoechst 33342 (H342) is frequently used to label donor cells in cell transplantation research, it has been noted that it might secondarily label the host cells. Furthermore, its potential toxicity leading to cell death has been described. We studied the time course of H342 redistribution from the primary labeled ...
Grochowski Laura L - - 2005
Recent work has raised a question as to the involvement of erythrose-4-phosphate, a product of the pentose phosphate pathway, in the metabolism of the methanogenic archaea (R. H. White, Biochemistry 43:7618-7627, 2004). To address the possible absence of erythrose-4-phosphate in Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, we have assayed cell extracts of this methanogen ...
Asaoka Yoshiji Y Department of Veterinary Pathology, Gifu University, Yanagido 1-1, Gifu, 501-1193, - - 2005
In an in vivo 5-week initiation assay model, chemical hepatectomy by hepato-toxicant administration was utilized as a cell proliferation stimulus as an alternative to the two-thirds partial hepatectomy. The study investigated the effect of an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of D-galactosamine (D-gal) for this purpose in a medium-term liver bioassay, with ...
Vecchio Lorella - - 2006
[D-Ala(2)-D-Leu(5)-Enkephalin] (DADLE) can induce hibernation when injected into ground squirrels in summer and is able to increase the survival time of explanted organs such as liver and lung. Since cell metabolism is a target of this peptide, we have treated HeLa cells with DADLE and investigated its possible effect on ...
Lemmens Evi M P - - 2005
PURPOSE: Febrile seizures are fever-associated early-life seizures that are thought play a role in the development of epilepsy. Seizure-induced proliferation of dentate granule cells has been demonstrated in several adult animal models and is thought to be an integral part of epileptogenesis. The aim of the present study was to ...
Ma Bing - - 2005
Hexadecyl-4-[(18)F]fluorobenzoate ([(18)F]HFB), a long chain fluorinated benzoic acid ester, was prepared in a one-step synthesis by aromatic nucleophilic substitution of [(18)F]fluoride ion on hexadecyl-4-(N,N,N-trimethylammonio)benzoate. The radiolabeled ester was obtained in good yields (52% decay corrected) and high purity (97%). [(18)F]HFB was used to radiolabel rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by ...
Baggett Daniel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Understanding the cellular and molecular basis of tissue development and function requires analysis of individual cells while in their tissue context. METHODS: We developed software to find the optimum border around each cell (segmentation) from two-dimensional microscopic images of intact tissue. Samples were labeled with a fluorescent cell surface ...
Vitolo B - - 2005
The extensive characterization of the replicative human DNA ligase I (LigI) undertaken in the last decade demonstrated that the level of this protein strongly correlates with the rate of cell proliferation. This may allow to expand the repertoire of clinical biomarkers for the analysis of cell proliferation. We have produced ...
Guzman-Marin Ruben - - 2005
We reported previously that 96 h of sleep deprivation (SD) reduced cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus in adult rats. We now report that SD reduces the number of new cells expressing a mature neuronal marker, neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN). Rats were sleep-deprived for 96 h, ...
Aberg Elin - - 2005
In this study, we analyzed how intermittent individual housing with or without a running wheel influenced corticosterone levels and survival of newly proliferated cells in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Female Balb/c mice, in standard or enhanced housing, were divided into groups that were individually housed with or without ...
Bingham Brendan - - 2005
A brief ischemic injury to the gerbil forebrain that caused selective damage in the CA1 region of the hippocampus also enhanced the production of new cells in the hippocampal neurogenic area. When evaluated 1 week after bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) injection, approximately ten times more labeled cells were detected in the hippocampal ...
Fitzpatrick Emily - - 2005
We explore the patterns of survival among dopaminergic cells of the midbrain in MPTP-treated macaque monkeys and 6OHDA-lesioned Sprague-Dawley rats. For the monkeys, animals were injected intramuscularly with MPTP for 8 days consecutively and then allowed to survive for 21 days. For the rats, 6OHDA was injected into the midbrain ...
Ziener C H - - 2005
We describe the NMR relaxation properties of magnetically labeled cells. The cells are labeled with magnetic nanoparticles (SPIO, USPIO), which generate susceptibility contrast. The geometry of the labeled cells and the surrounding tissue is considered. We assume that the magnetic nanoparticles accumulate to form a magnetic core of radius RC ...
Valero Jorge - - 2005
The rostral migratory stream is one of the few regions of the adult mammalian central nervous system in which cellular migration and proliferation have been described. Most rostral migratory stream cells divide rapidly and hence different proliferation markers have been employed to identify them. Nitrogen base substitutes, such as tritiated ...
Námestková Katerina - - 2005
Granular cell proliferation in the adult hippocampus decreases during aging and after chronic stress, while it can be increased by physical activity or treatment with the antidepressant fluoxetine. We investigated whether the physical and cognitive stimulation accompanied by stress in the commonly used Morris water maze affects the rate of ...
Fowler Christie D CD Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, - - 2005
Adult female prairie (Microtus ochrogaster) and meadow (M. pennsylvanicus) voles were compared to examine neural cell proliferation and the effects of estrogen manipulation on cell proliferation in the amygdala, ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH), and dentate gyrus of the hippocampus (DG). Unlike prior studies, our study focused on the amygdala and VMH, ...
Ramaswamy Shilpa - - 2005
Neurogenesis following neural degeneration has been demonstrated in many models of disease and injury. The present study further examines the early proliferative and migratory response of the brain to a controlled cortical impact (CCI) model of traumatic brain injury. The CCI was centered over the forelimb sensorimotor cortex, unilaterally, in ...
Fujigaki Yoshihide - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We examined kinetics and characterization of regenerating proximal tubule (PT) cells after various degrees of tubular injury in S3 segments of PT and assessed label-retaining slow cycling cells in S3. METHODS: PT injury was induced by different doses of uranyl acetate (UA) injection into rats, and initially regenerating PTs ...
Pernthaler Annelie - - 2005
Pulse-labeling with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in combination with fluorescence in situ hybridization was applied to quantify the percentage of proliferating cells in coastal North Sea waters. In order to assess diurnal variability, we sampled eight or nine times, respectively, within 3 consecutive days at two seasons. Bacteria affiliated with the Roseobacter, ...
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