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Results 301 - 350 of 1635
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Qiu Guang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The literature has shown that cognitive and emotional changes may occur after chronic treatment with glucocorticoids. This might be caused by the suppressive effect of glucocorticoids on hippocampal neurogenesis and cell proliferation. Paroxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake transporter, is a commonly used antidepressant for alleviation of signs and symptoms ...
Tough David F - - 2007
This unit describes two methods used to determine the rate of turnover of T and B cells in vivo. In each method, this is accomplished by administering 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), a thymidine analog, and measuring the rate at which cells become labeled with this DNA precursor during the S phase of ...
Truernit Elisabeth - - 2007
Chloroplast structure varies depending on cell type. Currently it is difficult to obtain insight into how differences in chloroplast structure relate to function, as it is often not possible to isolate chloroplasts from specific cells. To address this, we have developed an approach that involves labelling chloroplasts from individual cell ...
Carlton Susan M - - 2007
Glutamate is the main excitatory transmitter in both central and peripheral nervous systems. Discovery of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) made it clear that glutamate can have excitatory or inhibitory effects on neuronal function, with group I mGluRs enhancing cell excitability but group II and III mGluRs decreasing excitability. The present ...
Bálentová Sona - - 2007
We studied the transgenerational effect of the sublethal dose of gamma radiation on the proliferative activity of cells in the rostral migratory stream (RMS) in the brain of neonatal and young progeny of male rats exposed to the dose of 3 Gy 25 days before conception with intact control females. ...
Mori Hideki - - 2007
An image cytometry algorithm was developed to identify and quantify immunologically labeled cells in cultured human neurospheres. Image cytometry revealed new findings in terms of the localization of specific types of neural cells and the regional fluctuation of cell density in neurospheres. The distributions of total cell density exhibited similar ...
Olariu Ana - - 2007
It is well established that neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus slows with aging, but it is unclear whether this change is due to slowing of the cell cycle, as occurs during development, or to loss of precursor cells. In the current study, we find that the cell cycle time of ...
Rothaeusler Kristina - - 2007
Cell proliferation assays are used for a large variety of applications in the life sciences. This unit describes a flow-cytometry-based method that uses BrdU labeling in conjunction with multiple fluorescently labeled cell surface markers, allowing extensive phenotypic characterization of dividing cells in addition to assessment of their frequency. BrdU labeling ...
Brekke Cecilie C NeuroImaging Research Group - Department of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, - - 2007
The in vivo monitoring of cell survival and migration will be essential to the translation of cell-based therapies from the laboratory to clinical studies. The pre-labeling of cells with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents renders them visible in vivo for serial cellular imaging. However, little is known about the ...
Omidkhoda Azadeh - - 2007
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have special characteristics such as migration into the damaged tissues and undergoing differentiation. One of the ways for tracking MSC in the tissue is labeling cells by contrast agents such as superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) and detection by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To study adverse effects ...
Hinsch K - - 2007
Zebrafish, like other teleosts, are distinguished by their enormous potential to produce new neurons in many parts of the adult brain. By labeling S-phase cells with the thymidine analog 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), quantitative analysis demonstrated that, on average, 6000 new cells were generated in the entire adult brain within any 30 ...
Lehrman Mark A MA Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX 75390-9041, USA. - - 2007
The dolichol cycle involves synthesis of the lipid-linked oligosaccharide (LLO) Glc(3)Man(9)GlcNAc(2)-P-P-dolichol (G(3)M(9)Gn(2)-P-P-Dol), transfer of G(3)M(9)Gn(2) to asparaginyl residues of nascent endoplasmic reticulum (ER) polypeptides by oligosaccharyltransferase (OT), and recycling of the resultant Dol-P-P to Dol-P for new rounds of LLO synthesis. The importance of the dolichol cycle in secretory and ...
Verdijk Pauline - - 2007
Success of immunotherapy with dendritic cells (DC) to treat cancer is highly dependent on their interaction with and activation of antigen specific T cells. To maximize DC-T cell contact accurate delivery of the therapeutic cells into the lymph node, or efficient trafficking of DC to the lymph nodes of the ...
Maeda Kenji - - 2007
It has recently been suggested that neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus is decreased in schizophrenia and this phenomenon may contribute to the pathogenesis of the disorder. Since repeated administration of psychostimulants such as phencyclidine (PCP), MK-801, and methamphetamine (METH) induces schizophrenia-like behavioral changes in animals, we investigated whether repeated administration ...
Caveliers V - - 2007
AIM: Stem cell homing to injured tissue is necessary for local tissue repair. But homing of stem cells in chronic ischemic heart disease (CIHD) is poorly understood. This study investigated homing of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) expressing the CD133 antigen. After intracoronary injection. The cells were (111)In labeled for ...
Mandyam C D CD Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390-9070, - - 2007
Neurogenesis studies on the adult mouse hippocampal subgranular zone (SGZ) typically report increases or decreases in proliferation. However, key information is lacking about these proliferating SGZ precursors, from the fundamental--what dose of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) is appropriate for labeling all S phase cells?--to the detailed--what are the kinetics of BrdU-labeled cells ...
Ampatzis Konstantinos - - 2007
It has been reported that neurons generated in the adult brain show sex-specific differences in several brain regions of lower vertebrates and mammals. The present study questioned whether cell proliferation and survival in the adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) cerebellum, the most mitotically active area of adult teleost brain, is sexually ...
Takei Hidehiro - - 2007
Previous studies of Ammon's horn sclerosis (AHS) suggest that AHS is both the result of and the cause of seizures, and support the idea that seizures cause alterations in cell numbers and location. To test the hypothesis that epilepsy induces neurogenesis/gliogenesis, hippocampal cell proliferation was assessed in AHS. Twelve and ...
Bilir Ayhan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of two different barrier materials in cultures of human osteoblast-like cells (CRL 11372) in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Polylactic acid (Epi-Guide; EG) and collagen membrane (Bio-Collagen, BC) were examined. To analyze the effect of materials on cell proliferation, cell ...
Zhu Wenzhen - - 2007
Neural stem cells were labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) and tracked by MRI in vitro and in vivo after implantation. Rat neural stem cells were labeled with SPIO combined with PLL by the means of receptor-mediated endocytosis. Prussian blue staining and electron microscopy were conducted to identify the iron ...
Kassel, Christian
For any reduced decomposition i = (i1, i2,... , iN) of a permutation w and any ring R we construct a bijection Pi : (x1,x2,... , xN) --> P_{i1}(x1) P_{i2}(x2) ... P_{iN}(xN) from RN to the Schubert cell of w, where P_{i1}(x1), P_{i2}(x2),... , P_{iN}(xN) stand for certain elementary matrices ...
Ji Chengjie - - 2007
The combination of dimethylation after guanidination (2MEGA) isotope labeling with microbore liquid chromatography (LC)-matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) MS and MS/MS [C. Ji, N. Guo, L. Li, J. Proteome Res. 4 (2005) 2099] has been reported as a promising strategy for abundance ratio-dependent quantitative proteome analysis. A critical step in ...
Henning Tobias D TD Department of Radiology, University of California in San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Ave, San Francisco, CA, 94143, - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to label human monocytes with Gadofluorine M by simple incubation for subsequent cell depiction at 1.5 and 3 T. Gadofluorine M displays a high r(1) relaxivity and is spontaneously phagocytosed by macrophages. Human monocytes were incubated with Gadofluorine M-Cy at varying concentrations and incubation ...
Colditz, Michael John
Neurogenesis, the production of new neural cells, occurs normally in the healthy adult hippocampus, and has been postulated to regulate normal brain function and behaviour. Dysregulation of neurogenesis is thought to be a contributing factor in many mental health conditions, such as depression, as well as in neurodegenerative conditions, including ...
Coimbra Sílvia - - 2007
Some of the most important changes that occur in plants during sexual reproduction involve the transition from a sporophytic to a gametophytic type of development. In this paper, these changes were evaluated for Arabidopsis thaliana. The results obtained clearly show differences in the pattern of distribution of specific arabinogalactan protein ...
Lau Wui-Man - - 2007
PURPOSE: Major depressive disorder is often associated with elevated glucocorticoid levels, which in turn suppress cell proliferation and neurogenesis in the hippocampus. Increasing evidence supports that antidepressants induce hippocampal neurogenesis and this induces speculation that decrease in hippocampal neurogenesis has causal relationship with depression. There is, however, a lack of ...
Taupin Philippe - - 2007
The first evidence that neurogenesis occurs in the adult brain was reported in rodents in the early 1960s, using [(3)H]-thymidine autoradiography. In the 1980s and 90s, the advent of new techniques and protocols for studying cell proliferation in situ, and particularly bromodeoxyuridine labeling, helped to confirm that neurogenesis occurs in ...
Naylor Michelle C - - 2007
Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1) is a childhood metabolic disorder associated with crises that lead to striatal necrosis. Although the disorder can be controlled with diet, there is no current treatment to ameliorate the neurodegeneration following a metabolic crisis. We hypothesized that heparan sulfate (HS) administration would stimulate neural stem ...
Qiu Lin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cell proliferation and differentiation in the developing brain of mouse. METHODS: C57/BL6 mice were divided into 3 groups at random. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected into the brains in different development periods once a day for 7 d. The brains were retrieved 4 weeks after the last ...
Leuner Benedetta - - 2007
Motherhood is accompanied by alterations in numerous nonreproductive behaviors, including learning and memory, as well as anxiety and stress regulation. These functions have been linked to adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus, but the effect of maternal experience on this brain region has not been completely explored. To determine whether the ...
Busch Robert - - 2007
DNA replication occurs almost exclusively during S-phase of the cell cycle and represents a simple biochemical metric of cell division. Previous methods for measuring cell proliferation rates have important limitations. Here, we describe experimental protocols for measuring cell proliferation and death rates based on the incorporation of deuterium ((2)H) from ...
Lee Jae Kwon - - 2007
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells found in several adult tissues; they have the capacity to differentiate into mesodermal, ectodermal, and endodermal tissues in vitro. There have been several reports that MSCs have therapeutic effects in a variety of diseases. Therefore, using a cell labeling technique, monitoring their temporal ...
Voogt Jason N - - 2007
DNA replication during S-phase represents a biochemical metric of cell division. We present here a protocol for measuring very low rates of cell proliferation, on the basis of the incorporation of deuterium ((2)H) from heavy water ((2)H(2)O) into the deoxyribose moiety of purine deoxyribonucleotides in DNA of dividing cells, by ...
O'Ceallaigh S S UK Centre for Tissue Engineering, Faculty of Life Sciences, - - 2007
Survival of grafted tissues is dependent upon revascularisation. This study investigated revascularisation in a murine skin graft model, using two methods. The first involved 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine (DiI) labelling of the wound bed, prior to replacing the skin graft, to allow tracking of host cells into the grafts. At time points between ...
Wehrli Philipp - - 2007
The renal collecting system (CS) is composed of segment-specific (SS) and intercalated (IC) cells. The latter comprise at least two subtypes (type A and non-type A IC). The origin and maintenance of cellular heterogeneity in the CS is unclear. Among other hypotheses, it was proposed that one subtype of IC ...
Czéh Boldizsár - - 2007
Profound neuroplastic changes have been demonstrated in various limbic structures after chronic stress exposure and antidepressant treatment in animal models of mood disorders. Here, we examined in rats the effect of chronic social stress and concomitant antidepressant treatment on cell proliferation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). We also examined ...
Nikolakopoulou A M - - 2006
One-trial passive avoidance learning (PAL), where the aversive stimulus is the bitter-tasting substance methylanthranilate (MeA), affects neuronal and synaptic plasticity in learning-related areas of day-old domestic chicks (Gallus domesticus). Here, cell proliferation was examined in the chick forebrain by using 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) at 24 h and 9 days after PAL. ...
Blagoev Blagoy - - 2006
In the last several years, the impact of mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics on cell signaling research has increased dramatically. This development has been driven both by better instrumentation and by the progression of proteomics from mainly qualitative measurements towards quantitative analyses. In this regard, Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino acids ...
Cameron Heather A - - 2006
Injection and immunohistochemical detection of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) has become the standard method for studying the birth and survival of neurons, glia, and other cell types in the nervous system. BrdU, a thymidine analog, becomes stably incorporated into DNA during the S-phase of mitosis. Because DNA containing BrdU can be specifically ...
Garon Edward B - - 2007
Quantum dots (QDs) are nanometer scale fluorescent semiconductors that are increasingly used as labeling tools in biological research. These nanoparticles have physical properties, such as high quantum yield and resistance to photobleaching, that make them attractive molecular probes for tracking hematologic cells. Here, we show that QDs attached to a ...
Taupin Philippe - - 2007
Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) is a thymidine analog that incorporates DNA of dividing cells during the S-phase of the cell cycle. As such, BrdU is used for birth dating and monitoring cell proliferation. BrdU immunohistochemistry has been instrumental for the study of the development of the nervous system, and to confirm that ...
Terrovitis John V - - 2006
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising candidate cell for tissue engineering. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been proven effective in visualizing iron-labeled stem cells; however, the efficiency of this approach for visualization of cells seeded on scaffolds intended for use as tissue-engineered heart valves has not been assessed. MSCs ...
Atienza Josephine M - - 2006
Cell-based assays have become an integral part of the preclinical drug development process. Recently, noninvasive label-free cell-based assay technologies have taken center stage, offering important and distinct advantages over and in addition to traditional label-based endpoint assays. Dynamic monitoring of live cells, the preclusion of label, and kinetics are some ...
Rogers Walter J - - 2006
Animal studies have shown some success in the use of stem cells of diverse origins to treat heart failure and ventricular dysfunction secondary to ischemic injury. The clinical use of these cells is, therefore, promising. In order to develop effective cell therapies, the location, distribution and long-term viability of these ...
Simmons Andrea Megela - - 2006
We examined patterns of cell proliferation in the auditory midbrain (torus semicircularis) of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, over larval and early postmetamorphic development, by visualizing incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) in cycling cells. At all developmental stages, BrdU-labeled cells were concentrated around the optic ventricle. BrdU-labeled cells also appeared within the ...
Siejka A - - 2006
Effects of angiotensins II (AngII), angiotensin IV (AngIV, 3-8 fragment of angiotensin II) and losartan (an antagonist of angiotensin receptor type 1) on the proliferation of adrenocortical cells in ovariectomized rats have been studied. The incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into cell nuclei was used as an index of cell proliferation. ...
Kochman Linda J - - 2006
Hippocampal cell proliferation and concomitant motor activity were examined in adult male mice (C57BL/6J) across a 12:12h light-dark cycle. 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) (200 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered at six equally spaced time points across 24h. A significant change in cell proliferation was found in the hilus (light phase>dark phase), but not ...
Kotani S - - 2006
In adult hippocampus, neural progenitor cells give rise to neurons throughout life, and the neurogenesis is modulated by various intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Recent reports showed that lesion of septal cholinergic nuclei projecting to hippocampus suppressed the survival of newborn cells in the dentate gyrus (DG) of hippocampus. Here, we ...
Marks Kevin M - - 2006
Methods to visualize, track, measure and perturb proteins in living cells are central to biomedicine's efforts to characterize and understand the spatial and temporal underpinnings of life inside cells. Although fluorescent proteins have revolutionized such studies, they have shortcomings, which have spurred the creation of alternative approaches to chemically label ...
Durand Ralph E - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A subset of patients in a clinical study where sequential biopsies were to be obtained during multifraction radiotherapy received pimonidazole prior to initiating treatment, allowing a unique opportunity of following hypoxic cells in situ during therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After institutional ethics review and with informed consent, ...
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