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Results 251 - 300 of 1633
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Klasson Anna - - 2008
There is a demand for more efficient and tissue-specific MRI contrast agents and recent developments involve the design of substances useful as molecular markers and magnetic tracers. In this study, nanoparticles of gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) have been investigated for cell labeling and capacity to generate a positive contrast. THP-1, a ...
Nolte Ingo S - - 2008
Gadofluorine is a novel macrocyclic, amphiphilic gadolinium-based contrast agent. We found that malignant glioma cells could be labeled in vitro using Gadofluorine without the need for transfection agents or any other additional means. Labeling with Gadofluorine enhanced the visualization of glioma cells in T(1)-weighted sequences, even if the cells had ...
Ueda Katsura - - 2008
The present study employed immunohistochemistry for single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) to detect apoptotic cells in taste buds of the rat circumvallate papilla. Double-labeling of ssDNA and markers for each cell type - phospholipase C beta2 (PLCbeta2) and alpha-gustducin for type II cells, neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) for type III cells, ...
Wilhelm Claire - - 2008
Magnetic labelling of living cells creates opportunities for numerous biomedical applications, from individual cell manipulation to MRI tracking. Here we describe a non-specific labelling method based on anionic magnetic nanoparticles (AMNPs). These particles first adsorb electrostatically to the outer membrane before being internalized within endosomes. We compared the labelling mechanism, ...
Tatapudy Sonali S Department of Pharmacology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, - - 2008
The dentate gyrus is one of the few brain regions that show proliferation of neuronal precursors postnatally and in adult life. Proliferation in the dentate gyrus has been shown to be influenced by exercise, stress and drugs such as antidepressants. Traditionally, proliferation studies rely on the time consuming and subjective ...
Draz Hossam - - 2008
Schistosomules of S. mansoni (20 days old) were incubated in medium containing hamster (highly susceptible host) portal or peripheral venous serum, or rat (poorly susceptible host) portal or peripheral venous serum in the presence of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in order to determine effects of the sera on cell proliferation. Compared to ...
Kotani Sadaharu - - 2008
Donepezil hydrochloride is a potent and selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and has been treated for Alzheimer's disease, in which the cholinergic dysfunction is observed. Recently, the degeneration of medial septal cholinergic nuclei in adult rat suppressed the neurogenesis in hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) was reported. Then, we determined whether donepezil which ...
Lee Wen - - 2008
Pavement cells and the mitochondria-rich cells (MRCs) are two of the main types of cells in fish gill epithelia. The pavement cells are generally responsible for gas exchange and MRCs for ion regulation. MRCs are found especially in the trailing edge and the interlamellar region of gill filament. In some ...
Hui Ying - - 2008
Prolonged exposure to high level of estrogen is a known risk factor for breast carcinogenesis. In cells, estrogens, in particular estrone (E1) and 17 beta-estradiol (E2), can be converted to catecholestrogens (CEs) which may be oxidized to form CE-semiquinones and CE-quinones that are capable of binding to DNA to induce ...
Xi Biao - - 2008
Cell-based assays are an important part of the drug discovery process allowing for interrogation of targets and pathways in a more physiological setting compared to biochemical assays. One of the main hurdles in the cell-based assay field is to design sufficiently robust assays with adequate signal to noise parameters while ...
Kurzrock Eric A - - 2008
Adult tissue stem cells replicate infrequently, retaining DNA nucleotide label (BrdU) for much longer periods than mature, dividing cells in which the label is diluted during a chase period. Those "label-retaining cells" (LRCs) have been identified as the tissue stem cells in skin, cornea, intestine, and prostate. However, in the ...
Komissarova N V - - 2008
We report here studies on the effects of an imprinting procedure on cell proliferation in neonatal chicks in brain structures known to undergo plastic changes in imprinting. Proliferating cells were detected immunohistochemically on brain sections by incorporation of pre-training doses of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into DNA; numbers of new cells were ...
Zaldibar B - - 2008
The natural variability in cell proliferation activity in the epithelium of the digestive gland and stomach was investigated in mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lmk), of different age and tidal level at different seasons. After treating mussels with the thymidine analogue bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) for 6 hours, BrdU immunohistochemistry was performed every 2 ...
Chen Chyi-Liang CL Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2008
The three N-terminal, tandemly arranged LysM motifs from a Bacillus subtilis cell wall hydrolase, LytE, formed a cell wall-binding module. This module, designated CWBM(LytE), was demonstrated to have tight cell wall-binding capability and could recognize two classes of cell wall binding sites with fivefold difference in affinity. The lower-affinity sites ...
Pawelczyk Edyta - - 2008
There is increasing interest in using exogenous labels such as bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) or superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) to label cells to identify transplanted cells and monitor their migration by fluorescent microscopy or in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), respectively. Direct implantation of cells into target tissue can result in ...
Tekin U─čur - - 2008
A specially composed medium for storing avulsed teeth has been developed. In experimental and clinical studies it could be shown that PDL cells could be kept viable during storage in the medium for up to 53 h. In the present study the medium was tested on pulp cells. A total ...
Varady K A KA Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California at Berkeley, Morgan Hall, Rm. 308, Berkeley, California, 94720-3104, USA. - - 2008
Calorie restriction (CR) and alternate-day fasting (ADF) reduce cancer risk and reduce cell proliferation rates. Whether modified ADF regimens (i.e., allowing a portion of energy needs to be consumed on the fast day) work, as well as true ADF or CR to reduce global cell proliferation rates, remains unresolved. Here, ...
Magavi Sanjay S - - 2008
Bromodeoxyuridine, variously abbreviated as BrdU, BudR, and BrdUrd, is a halogenated thymidine analog that is permanently integrated into the DNA of dividing cells during DNA synthesis in S phase. BrdU can be immunocytochemically detected in vitro and in vivo, allowing the identification of cells that were dividing the period of ...
An Eunkyung - - 2008
PURPOSE: To identify cytokine-induced changes in the secretome of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and their potential implication in age-related macular degeneration pathogenesis. METHODS: Stable isotope labeling by amino in cell culture (SILAC) was used in combination with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to measure differential protein secretion ...
Saldanha K J - - 2008
Minimally-invasive monitoring of regeneration in diseased tissue is an important aspect of stem cell therapy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based tracking of cells labelled with ferumoxides has the potential for non-invasive in vivo detection and longitudinal assessment of implanted cells. Cells labelled with ferumoxides appear as hypointense regions on MR ...
Himmelreich Uwe - - 2008
In vivo applications of cells for the monitoring of their cell dynamics increasingly use non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging. This imaging modality allows in particular to follow the migrational activity of stem cells intended for cell therapy strategies. All these approaches require the prior labeling of the cells under investigation for ...
Al-Hussaini Heba - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the capacity of mature retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells to enter the cell cycle in vivo using a range of RPE-specific and proliferative specific markers in both pigmented and albino rats. METHODS: Whole-mounted retinas of both Dark Agouti and albino rats were immunolabeled with cell cycle markers ...
Sakakima Masanori - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that early regenerating cells found at the distal area of the S3 segment of the nephron (designated as target cells) were label-retaining cells in uranyl acetate (UA)-induced acute renal failure (ARF) in rats. In this study, we examined the contribution of these target cells to S3 ...
Janic Branislava - - 2008
Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide (SPIO) complexed with cationic transfection agent is used to label various mammalian cells. Labeled cells can then be utilized as an in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) probes. However, certain number of in vivo administered labeled cells may be cleared from tissues by the host's macrophages. For ...
Heckl Stefan - - 2008
We synthesized several novel compounds to evaluate the different effects of non-iodinated and mono- or diiodinated benzoic acid on the cellular and nuclear uptake of the SV 40 T antigen nuclear localization sequence (NLS) in human LN18 and U373 glioma cells. The skeletal structure of all the conjugates contained the ...
Wang Z-Y - - 2008
Sustained hypoxia (SH) has been shown to cause profound morphological and cellular changes in carotid body (CB). However, results regarding whether SH causes CB type I cell proliferation are conflicting. By using bromodeoxyuridine, a uridine analog that is stably incorporated into cells undergoing DNA synthesis, we have found that SH ...
Park Moon Soo - - 2008
Starvation affects behavior, development, metabolism, reproduction, and longevity in almost all animals including insects. In the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana, we investigated the effect of starvation on organ size and cell proliferation activity of the midgut, over a period of one month, using anti-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), and anti-phospho-histone H3 antibodies. Under ...
Neri Margherita - - 2008
Recent studies have raised appealing possibilities of replacing damaged or lost neural cells by transplanting in vitro-expanded neural precursor cells (NPCs) and/or their progeny. Magnetic resonance (MR) tracking of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled cells is a noninvasive technique to track transplanted cells in longitudinal studies on living animals. Murine NPCs ...
Capuco Anthony V - - 2007
Stem cells appear to retain labeled DNA for extended periods because of their selective segregation of template DNA strands during mitosis. In this study, proliferating cells in the prepubertal bovine mammary gland were labeled using five daily injections of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU). Five weeks later, BrdU-labeled mammary epithelial cells were still ...
Li Na - - 2008
Cells are generally labeled during in vivo implantation studies enabling the cells to be traced. The relationship between the labeling efficiency and cellular proliferation after transplantation is critical for the interpretation of data obtained by detection of the signals on tissue sections. Here, we compare cellular labeling methods of rat ...
Obara Nobuko - - 2007
During molar development from the cap to bell stage, the morphology of the enamel knots, inner dental epithelium, and epithelial-mesenchymal junction dynamically changes, leading to the formation of multiple cusps. To study the basic histological features of this morphogenetic change, we have investigated the cell arrangement, mitosis, and apoptosis simultaneously ...
Mess A - - 2007
The guinea pig and its relatives are promising candidates as animal models for studying trophoblast invasion. The origin, migration routes and kinetics of invasive trophoblast cells were examined in two caviomorph species. Histology and immunohistochemistry were done on placentas from 38 guinea pigs of days 20-47 and 13 degus of ...
Vogetseder Alexander - - 2008
We investigated the proliferative capacity of renal proximal tubular cells in healthy rats. Previously, we observed that tubular cells originate from differentiated cells. We now found 1) by application of bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU) for 14 days and costaining for BrdU, and the G(1)-phase marker cyclin D1 that the bulk of cells ...
Masterson Joanne C - - 2007
5-Bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) is a thymidine analogue that is incorporated into replicating DNA. Although originally designed as a chemotherapeutic agent, sublethal concentrations of BrdU have long been known to alter the growth and phenotype of a wide range of cell types. Mechanisms underlying these BrdU-mediated effects remain unknown, however. We have ...
Srinivas Mangala - - 2007
This article describes an in vivo imaging method for visualizing and quantifying a specific cell population. Cells are labeled ex vivo with a perfluoropolyether nanoparticle tracer agent and then detected in vivo using (19)F MRI following cell transfer. (19)F MRI selectively visualizes only the labeled cells with no background, and ...
van Hemert Formijn J - - 2007
Rheumatoid arthritis of joints involves the accumulation of monocyte-derived macrophages in the affected synovial tissue. This process of cell migration can be portrayed scintigraphically in order to monitor noninvasive effects of therapy on the progress of the disease. Scintigraphic detection of inflammation by means of technetium 99m-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO)-labeled ...
Simmons Andrea Megela - - 2008
The distribution of proliferating cells in the midbrain, thalamus, and telencephalon of adult bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) was examined using immunohistochemistry for the thymidine analog 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) and DNA dot-blotting. At all time points examined (2 to 28 days post-injection), BrdU-labeled cells were located in ventricular zones at all levels of ...
Yao Hong - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, 2R, 4R-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (2R, 4R-APDC), on cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of adult rats. 2R, 4R-APDC at a dose of 1 and 10 nmol/day resulted in decreased bromodeoxyuridine immunoreactive cells in the dentate gyrus. In addition, we found ...
Amsalem Yoram - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cell labeling with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles enables noninvasive MRI and tracking of transplanted stem cells. We sought to determine whether mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) outcome is affected by SPIO labeling in a rat model of myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rat MSCs were labeled with SPIO (ferumoxides; ...
Allen Samantha J SJ University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0684, USA. - - 2007
Chemerin is a potent chemoattractant for cells expressing the GPCR CMKLR1, and is thought to play important roles in cell migration and recruitment to sites of tissue damage and inflammation. Here we report the NMR assignments of the 15.6 kDa active form of uniformly (15)N, (13)C labeled chemerin.
Ruscio Michael G MG Department of Psychology, College of Charleston, 66 George St., Charleston, SC 29401, United States. - - 2008
The onset of parental behavior has profound and enduring effects on behavior and neurobiology across a variety of species. In some cases, mere exposure to a foster neonate (and a subsequent parental response) can have similar effects. In the present experiment, we exposed adult male and female prairie voles (Microtus ...
Hoehn Mathias - - 2007
Cell tracking by in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) requires strategies of labelling the cells with MRI contrast agents. The principal routes to achieve efficient cell labelling for neurological applications are discussed with methodological advantages and caveats. Beyond temporo-spatial localization of labelled cells, the investigation of functional cell status is ...
Walczak P - - 2007
LacZ-transfected C17.2 neural stem cells (NSCs) were labeled with the superparamagnetic iron oxide formulation Feridex prior to ICV injection in shi/shi neonates. Feridex labeling did not alter cell differentiation in vitro and in vivo. Initially, MR images obtained at 11.7T correlated closely to NSC distribution as assessed with anti-dextran and ...
Pinto Massimo M University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07101, - - 2007
Targeted therapies result in heterogeneous drug delivery, often with highly variable drug uptake in the targeted cells and significant numbers of cells that are essentially untargeted. However both the variably targeted cells and neighboring bystander cells may respond to the treatment. Using ionizing radiation as an example of a targeted ...
Lee, H.B.
Sinkoraena gen. nov. is proposed for the Japanese and Korean species currently known as Grateloupia okamurae Yamada and the southeastern Australian G. tasmanica Womersley et Lewis. Characters distinguishing the new genus from Grateloupia are the cartilaginous texture, densely proliferous frond faces and margins, thick cortex, predominantly stellate inner cortical cells, ...
Sui Guodong - - 2007
Developing biochemical and cell biological assay for screening biomolecules, evaluating their characteristics in biological processes, and determining their pharmacological effects represents a key technology in biomedical research. A PDMS-based integrated microfluidic platform was fabricated and tested for facilitating the labeling of ligand on the nanogram scale and sequential cell binding ...
Almli Lynn M - - 2007
We examined the distribution of adult cell proliferation throughout the brain of an anuran amphibian using 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU). BrdU, a thymidine analog, is a commonly used cellular marker that is incorporated into actively dividing progenitor cells. Adult green treefrogs, Hyla cinerea, received injections of BrdU and were sacrificed 2 h, ...
O'Hara Jennifer R - - 2007
Enterochromaffin (EC) cells regulate gut motility and secretion in response to luminal stimuli, via the release of serotonin (5-HT). Inflammatory bowel disease and other gastrointestinal disorders are associated with increased numbers of EC cells and 5-HT availability. Our aim was to determine whether proliferation of EC cells contributed to the ...
Qiu Guang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The literature has shown that cognitive and emotional changes may occur after chronic treatment with glucocorticoids. This might be caused by the suppressive effect of glucocorticoids on hippocampal neurogenesis and cell proliferation. Paroxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake transporter, is a commonly used antidepressant for alleviation of signs and symptoms ...
Tough David F - - 2007
This unit describes two methods used to determine the rate of turnover of T and B cells in vivo. In each method, this is accomplished by administering 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), a thymidine analog, and measuring the rate at which cells become labeled with this DNA precursor during the S phase of ...
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