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Results 201 - 250 of 1615
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Mai Xiao-Li - - 2009
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has proven to be effective in tracking the distribution of transplanted stem cells to target organs by way of labeling cells with superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (SPIO). However, the effect of SPIO upon labeled cells is still unclear on a cellular level. With this study, the ...
Ray Kathryn - - 2009
Factors affecting larval growth and nutrition have consequences on adult fecundity. Since the mosquito larval midgut is the primary organ of digestion and nutrient absorption, factors that affect the growth and development of the midgut may have potential consequences on the reproductive potential of the adult. To gain a better ...
Egger Bernhard - - 2009
Macrostomum lignano is a small free-living flatworm capable of regenerating all body parts posterior of the pharynx and anterior to the brain. We quantified the cellular composition of the caudal-most body region, the tail plate, and investigated regeneration of the tail plate in vivo and in semithin sections labeled with ...
Macallan Derek C DC Centre for Infection, Cellular and Molecular Medicine, St George's, University of London, London, UK. - - 2009
Cell proliferation may be measured in vivo by quantifying DNA synthesis with isotopically labeled deoxyribonucleotide precursors. Deuterium-labeled glucose is one such precursor which, because it achieves high levels of enrichment for a short period, is well suited to the study of rapidly dividing cells, in contrast to the longer term ...
Kim Young Beom - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate a method to generate positive contrast, selective to superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) labeled cells, using the susceptibility-weighted echo-time encoding technique (SWEET). SPIO-labeled human epidermal carcinoma (KB) cells were placed in a gel phantom. Positive contrast from the labeled cells was created by ...
Balu Darrick T DT Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2009
The generation of new neurons occurs throughout adulthood in discrete brain regions, and may be regulated by neuropsychiatric diseases and therapeutic drug treatments. Most current methods that study this process measure the labeling of newborn cells by 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) using immunohistochemical methods followed by the microscopic counting of BrdU positive ...
He Jun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute and chronic ethanol exposure has been found to decrease hippocampal neurogenesis, reduce dendritic differentiation of new neurons, and increase cell death. Interestingly, abstinence from such treatment increases hippocampal neurogenesis and microglial genesis across several brain regions. The goal of the current investigation was to study cellular alterations on ...
Focke Almut - - 2008
Fetal human neural precursor cells (NPCs) are unique with respect to their capacity to proliferate and to preserve their potential to differentiate into neurons and glia. Human mesencephalic neural precursor cells (hmNPCs) provide a source for dopaminergic neurons. Preclinical and clinical research will benefit from reliable in vivo tracking of ...
Steiner Gerald - - 2008
The discrimination of cell types is a crucial task in cell biology. Available techniques, based on an irreversible treatment of the cells, do not allow a sensitive label-free characterization under in situ conditions. Infrared spectroscopic imaging is a new and useful tool for studying individual cells. It has established itself ...
Delo Dawn M - - 2008
Human stem cells from various sources have potential therapeutic applications. The clinical implementation of these therapies introduces the need for methods of noninvasive tracking of cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for in vivo detection and tracking of superparamagnetic ...
Liu Wei - - 2009
Labeling cells with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles, paramagnetic contrast agent (gadolinium) or perfluorocarbons allows for the possibility of tracking single or clusters of labeled cells within target tissues following either direct implantation or intravenous injection. This review summarizes the practical issues regarding detection and quantification of magnetically labeled cells ...
Sauerzweig Steven - - 2009
Bromodeoxyuridine incorporates into DNA during mitosis. A long-term stability of the incorporated BrdU is important for the recovery of BrdU-labeled cells. For testing the stability of BrdU incorporation into DNA we pulse-labeled mesenchymal stem cells with BrdU and observed these cells in vitro over 4 weeks. During this time the ...
Chehrehasa Fatemah - - 2009
Labelling and identifying proliferating cells is central to understanding neurogenesis and neural lineages in vivo and in vitro. We present here a novel thymidine analogue, ethynyl deoxyuridine (EdU) for labelling dividing cells, detected with a fluorescent azide which forms a covalent bond via the "click" chemistry reaction (the Huisgen 1,3-dipolar ...
Ito N - - 2008
A decrease in orexin-A (OX-A) levels has been reported to be associated with depression. It is also well known that stress and depression can disrupt neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus; however, it is unclear how OX-A is involved in depression and/or neurogenesis. In the present study, we ...
Park Hyun-Ju - - 2008
Neurogenesis persists in the adult mammalian brain and can be a target for modulation for therapeutic purposes. This study investigated the effect of a Polygala tenuifolia root extract on the proliferation of a stem cell population in the rat hippocampus. The root extract of P. tenuifolia (2 mg/kg/day, 14 times ...
Eisenhoffer George T - - 2008
In adult planarians, the replacement of cells lost to physiological turnover or injury is sustained by the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells known as neoblasts. Neoblast lineage relationships and the molecular changes that take place during differentiation into the appropriate cell types are poorly understood. Here we report the ...
Arguello A A - - 2008
Opiates, such as morphine, decrease neurogenesis in the adult hippocampal subgranular zone (SGZ), raising the possibility that decreased neurogenesis contributes to opiate-induced cognitive deficits. However, there is an incomplete understanding of how alterations in cell cycle progression and progenitor maturation contribute to this decrease. The present study examined how morphine ...
Hutchison Janine R JR Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, 220 Nash Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331-3804, - - 2008
Cell-based biosensors have been proposed for use as function-based detectors of toxic agents. We report the use of Betta splendens chromatophore cells, specifically erythrophore cells, for detection of food-associated pathogenic bacteria. Evaluation of erythrophore cell response, using Bacillus spp., has revealed that this response can distinguish pathogenic Bacillus cereus from ...
Beatty Kimberly E - - 2008
The proteome undergoes complex changes in response to disease, drug treatment, and normal cellular signaling processes. Characterization of such changes requires methods for time-resolved protein identification and imaging. Here, we describe the application of two reactive methionine (Met) analogues, azidohomoalanine (Aha) and homopropargylglycine (Hpg), to label two protein populations in ...
Antzoulatos Eleni - - 2008
The transient actions of gonadal steroids on the adult brain facilitate social behaviors, including reproduction. In male rodents, testosterone acts in the posterior medial amygdala (MeP) and medial preoptic area (MPOA) to promote mating. Adult neurogenesis occurs in both regions. The current study determined if testosterone and/or sexual behavior promote ...
Kim Yeun-Jung - - 2008
The submandibular gland (SMG) is a tissue that can be regenerated in a tissue injury model and that has adult stem cells capable of self-renewal and differentiation into functional cells. We have analyzed the localization of label-retaining cells (LRCs), which are putative progenitor cells, by using the BrdU-labeling method. 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine ...
Holm Kristina - - 2008
The coelomic fluid of the echinoderm Asterias rubens possesses large populations of circulating coelomocytes. This study aimed to expand the knowledge about the haematopoietic sources of these cells. Injection of the immune-stimulating molecules lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and concanavalin A (ConA) resulted in an increase in coelomocytes. To investigate if these molecules ...
Vansthertem David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In this study, we have examined rat kidneys after ischaemic injury (35 min) with regard to the dynamics of S3 tubule regeneration. METHODS: One day before ischaemia, each rat received four successive i.p. injections of BrdU (5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine: 80 mg/kg) at 2 h intervals. Groups of experimental animals (n = ...
Levkoff Lindsay H - - 2008
The thymidine analog bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) is incorporated into newly synthesized DNA and has been shown to increase the susceptibility of incorporating cells to ionizing radiation. However, in the absence of secondary stressors, BrdU is thought to substitute relatively benignly for thymidine and is commonly used to "birth-date" proliferative cells. We ...
Erben Reinhold G - - 2008
The assessment of cellular half-life is of fundamental importance for cell biology and biomedicine. Here, we show that cellular half-life in tissues can be histologically measured under steady state conditions in vivo by analyzing the loss of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled cells over time after withdrawal of long-term BrdU labeling. To achieve ...
Vaccaro Dennis E - - 2008
Tracking cells in regenerative medicine is becoming increasingly important for basic cell therapy science, for cell delivery optimization and for accurate biodistribution studies. This report describes nanoparticles that utilize stable-isotope metal labels for multiple detection technologies in preclinical studies. Cells labeled with nanoparticles can be imaged by electron microscopy, fluorescence, ...
Gilad Assaf A AA Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology, Division of MR Research, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 720 Rutland Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2008
Rat glioma cells were labeled using electroporation with either manganese oxide (MnO) or superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles. The viability and proliferation of SPIO-labeled cells (1.9 mg Fe/ml) or cells electroporated with a low dose of MnO (100 microg Mn/ml) was not significantly different from unlabeled cells; a higher MnO ...
Kuratate Momoko - - 2008
This study investigated the reparative process of mechanically exposed pulps capped with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Maxillary first molars of 8-week-old rats were MTA-capped for 1-14 days, and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine-labeled proliferating cells and immunoreactivity for nestin and osteopontin were analyzed. MTA capping caused mild necrotic changes followed by progressive new matrix ...
Buck Suzanne B - - 2008
The 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling of cells followed by antibody staining has been the standard method for direct measurement of cells in the S-phase. Described is an improved method for the detection of S-phase cell cycle progression based upon the application of click chemistry, the copper(I)-catalyzed variant of the Huisgen [3+2] ...
Sutton Elizabeth J - - 2008
Adaptability, sensitivity, resolution and non-invasiveness are the attributes that have contributed to the longstanding use of light as an investigational tool and form the basis of optical imaging (OI). OI, which encompasses numerous techniques and methods, is rapid (<5 min), inexpensive, noninvasive, nontoxic (no radiation) and has molecular (single-cell) sensitivity, ...
Balla Marianthi - - 2008
The aim of the current paper is to evaluate the correlation of germ and follicular cells kinetics during ovarian morphogenesis. Thus, immunohistochemical detection of PCNA and Ki-67 proteins has been examined using PC10 (Dako) and NCL-Ki-67 (Novocastra) antibodies in the developing ovaries of Wistar rat embryos and neonates [14.5, 18.5, ...
Harada Masahiro - - 2008
Odontoblast-lineage cells acquire heat-shock protein (HSP)-25-immunoreactivity (IR) after they complete their cell division, suggesting that this protein acts as a switch between cell proliferation and differentiation during tooth development. However, there are few available data concerning the relationship between cell proliferation and differentiation following cavity preparation. The present study aims ...
Klasson Anna - - 2008
There is a demand for more efficient and tissue-specific MRI contrast agents and recent developments involve the design of substances useful as molecular markers and magnetic tracers. In this study, nanoparticles of gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) have been investigated for cell labeling and capacity to generate a positive contrast. THP-1, a ...
Nolte Ingo S - - 2008
Gadofluorine is a novel macrocyclic, amphiphilic gadolinium-based contrast agent. We found that malignant glioma cells could be labeled in vitro using Gadofluorine without the need for transfection agents or any other additional means. Labeling with Gadofluorine enhanced the visualization of glioma cells in T(1)-weighted sequences, even if the cells had ...
Ueda Katsura - - 2008
The present study employed immunohistochemistry for single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) to detect apoptotic cells in taste buds of the rat circumvallate papilla. Double-labeling of ssDNA and markers for each cell type - phospholipase C beta2 (PLCbeta2) and alpha-gustducin for type II cells, neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) for type III cells, ...
Wilhelm Claire - - 2008
Magnetic labelling of living cells creates opportunities for numerous biomedical applications, from individual cell manipulation to MRI tracking. Here we describe a non-specific labelling method based on anionic magnetic nanoparticles (AMNPs). These particles first adsorb electrostatically to the outer membrane before being internalized within endosomes. We compared the labelling mechanism, ...
Tatapudy Sonali - - 2008
The dentate gyrus is one of the few brain regions that show proliferation of neuronal precursors postnatally and in adult life. Proliferation in the dentate gyrus has been shown to be influenced by exercise, stress and drugs such as antidepressants. Traditionally, proliferation studies rely on the time consuming and subjective ...
Draz Hossam - - 2008
Schistosomules of S. mansoni (20 days old) were incubated in medium containing hamster (highly susceptible host) portal or peripheral venous serum, or rat (poorly susceptible host) portal or peripheral venous serum in the presence of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in order to determine effects of the sera on cell proliferation. Compared to ...
Kotani Sadaharu - - 2008
Donepezil hydrochloride is a potent and selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and has been treated for Alzheimer's disease, in which the cholinergic dysfunction is observed. Recently, the degeneration of medial septal cholinergic nuclei in adult rat suppressed the neurogenesis in hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) was reported. Then, we determined whether donepezil which ...
Lee Wen - - 2008
Pavement cells and the mitochondria-rich cells (MRCs) are two of the main types of cells in fish gill epithelia. The pavement cells are generally responsible for gas exchange and MRCs for ion regulation. MRCs are found especially in the trailing edge and the interlamellar region of gill filament. In some ...
Hui Ying - - 2008
Prolonged exposure to high level of estrogen is a known risk factor for breast carcinogenesis. In cells, estrogens, in particular estrone (E1) and 17 beta-estradiol (E2), can be converted to catecholestrogens (CEs) which may be oxidized to form CE-semiquinones and CE-quinones that are capable of binding to DNA to induce ...
Xi Biao - - 2008
Cell-based assays are an important part of the drug discovery process allowing for interrogation of targets and pathways in a more physiological setting compared to biochemical assays. One of the main hurdles in the cell-based assay field is to design sufficiently robust assays with adequate signal to noise parameters while ...
Kurzrock Eric A - - 2008
Adult tissue stem cells replicate infrequently, retaining DNA nucleotide label (BrdU) for much longer periods than mature, dividing cells in which the label is diluted during a chase period. Those "label-retaining cells" (LRCs) have been identified as the tissue stem cells in skin, cornea, intestine, and prostate. However, in the ...
Komissarova N V - - 2008
We report here studies on the effects of an imprinting procedure on cell proliferation in neonatal chicks in brain structures known to undergo plastic changes in imprinting. Proliferating cells were detected immunohistochemically on brain sections by incorporation of pre-training doses of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into DNA; numbers of new cells were ...
Zaldibar B - - 2008
The natural variability in cell proliferation activity in the epithelium of the digestive gland and stomach was investigated in mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lmk), of different age and tidal level at different seasons. After treating mussels with the thymidine analogue bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) for 6 hours, BrdU immunohistochemistry was performed every 2 ...
Chen Chyi-Liang CL Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2008
The three N-terminal, tandemly arranged LysM motifs from a Bacillus subtilis cell wall hydrolase, LytE, formed a cell wall-binding module. This module, designated CWBM(LytE), was demonstrated to have tight cell wall-binding capability and could recognize two classes of cell wall binding sites with fivefold difference in affinity. The lower-affinity sites ...
Pawelczyk Edyta - - 2008
There is increasing interest in using exogenous labels such as bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) or superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) to label cells to identify transplanted cells and monitor their migration by fluorescent microscopy or in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), respectively. Direct implantation of cells into target tissue can result in ...
Tekin U─čur - - 2008
A specially composed medium for storing avulsed teeth has been developed. In experimental and clinical studies it could be shown that PDL cells could be kept viable during storage in the medium for up to 53 h. In the present study the medium was tested on pulp cells. A total ...
Varady K A KA Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California at Berkeley, Morgan Hall, Rm. 308, Berkeley, California, 94720-3104, USA. - - 2008
Calorie restriction (CR) and alternate-day fasting (ADF) reduce cancer risk and reduce cell proliferation rates. Whether modified ADF regimens (i.e., allowing a portion of energy needs to be consumed on the fast day) work, as well as true ADF or CR to reduce global cell proliferation rates, remains unresolved. Here, ...
Magavi Sanjay S - - 2008
Bromodeoxyuridine, variously abbreviated as BrdU, BudR, and BrdUrd, is a halogenated thymidine analog that is permanently integrated into the DNA of dividing cells during DNA synthesis in S phase. BrdU can be immunocytochemically detected in vitro and in vivo, allowing the identification of cells that were dividing the period of ...
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