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So Po-Wah PW Preclinical Imaging Unit, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2010
Determination of the dynamics of specific cell populations in vivo is essential for the development of cell-based therapies. For cell tracking by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cells need to internalize, or be surface labeled with a MRI contrast agent, such as superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs): SPIOs give rise to ...
Bussard Karen M KM Mammary Biology and Tumorigenesis Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2010
During selective segregation of DNA, a cell asymmetrically divides and retains its template DNA. Asymmetric division yields daughter cells whose genome reflects that of the parents', simultaneously protecting the parental cell from genetic errors that may occur during DNA replication. We hypothesized that long-lived epithelial cells are present in immortal, ...
Kulesa Paul M PM Imaging/Kulesa Lab, The Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 50th St, Kansas City 64110, USA. - - 2010
Tracing cell dynamics in the embryo becomes tremendously difficult when cell trajectories cross in space and time and tissue density obscure individual cell borders. Here, we used the chick neural crest (NC) as a model to test multicolor cell labeling and multispectral confocal imaging strategies to overcome these roadblocks. We ...
Law L M LM Department of Psychology, California State University, Long Beach, California, - - 2010
Cells are continuously born and incorporated into the adult hippocampus (HP). Adult neurogenesis might act to increase the total number of cells or replace dead cells. Thus, neurogenesis might be a primary factor in augmenting, maintaining, or even recovering functions. In zebra finches, HP injury increases cell proliferation in the ...
Nohroudi K - - 2010
Cell-based therapy using adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has already been the subject of clinical trials, but for further development and optimization the distribution and integration of the engrafted cells into host tissues have to be monitored. Today, for this purpose magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most suitable technique, ...
Henry Sherry S Department of Pathology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, - - 2009
Extensive efforts have been made to determine the status on neural progenitor cell proliferation in specific pathological conditions and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of drugs for preventing neurogenic deficits in neurodegenerative diseases. However, the most commonly used stereological analysis using 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) immuno-positive sections is a time consuming and ...
LeSauter Joseph J Department of Psychology, Barnard College, New York, NY, - - 2009
Calbindin-D28K (CalB)-containing cells form a distinct cluster within the core of the hamster suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). These cells are directly retinorecipient but lack detectable rhythms in clock gene expression or electrical activity. In studies exploring SCN connectivity using double-label immunochemistry, we previously reported an absence of contacts among CalB fibers ...
Cherng Chianfang G - - 2010
Stress and corticosterone level are thought to negatively associate with neurogenesis in mammalian brains. Social support can diminish many adverse effects of stress. The present study examined the modulating effect of social support on stress-decreased cell proliferation and neuronal differentiation in a mouse model. A randomly-scheduled foot shock followed by ...
Mangalika Priyanthi R - - 2010
Maintenance of hemocyte populations is critical for both development and immune responses. In insects, the maintenance of hemocyte populations is regulated by mitotic division of circulating hemocytes and by discharge from hematopoietic organs. We found cell clusters in the hemolymph of Mamestra brassicae larvae that are composed of small, spherical ...
Lyngbaek Stig - - 2010
This pilot trial aimed to investigate the utilization of (111)In-labeling of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) for in vivo tracking after intramyocardial transplantation in a xenotransplantation model with gender mismatched cells. Human male MSC were expanded ex vivo and labeled with (111)In-tropolone. Ten female pigs were included. The labeled cells were ...
Hong Jie J Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital and Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, - - 2010
Mechanisms of the progression from Barrett's oesophagus to oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OA) are not fully understood. Bile acids may have an important role in this progression. This study aimed at examining the role of NADPH oxidase NOX5-S and a novel bile acid receptor TGR5 in taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA)-induced increase in cell ...
Leuner Benedetta - - 2009
Adult neurogenesis is often studied by labeling new cells with the thymidine analog bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and using immunohistochemical methods for their visualization. Using this approach, considerable variability has been reported in the number of new cells produced in the dentate gyrus of adult rodents. We examined whether immunohistochemical methods, including ...
Tu Xiangan - - 2009
Ligands that are capable of binding to tumor cell surface biomarkers specifically used in the early diagnosis of cancer and targeted drug delivery in cancer chemotherapy have been extensively investigated. Phage display technology has been demonstrated to be a powerful tool in this field. In this study, the non-small cell ...
Fonge Humphrey - - 2010
We have developed four (99m)Tc(CO)(3)-labeled lipophilic tracers as potential radiolabeling agents for cells based on a hexadecyl tail. (99m)Tc(CO)(3)-hexadecylamino-N,N'-diacetic acid (negatively charged), (99m)Tc(CO)(3)-hexadecylamino-N-alpha-picolyl-N'-acetic acid (uncharged), (99m)Tc(CO)(3)-N,N'-dipicolylhexadecylamine (positively charged), (99m)Tc(CO)(3)-N-hexadecylaminoethyl-N'-aminoethylamine (positively charged) were prepared in a radiolabeling yield: >90%. Preliminary cell uptake studies were performed in mixed blood cells with or ...
Zheng Yiwen - - 2010
Cell proliferation and neurogenesis in the brainstem vestibular nucleus complex (VNC) has previously been reported following unilateral vestibular neurectomy in the cat. In this study, we examined the rate of cell proliferation and survival in the adult rat VNC following bilateral vestibular deafferentation (BVD), using injections of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and ...
Pereira A - - 2010
We have studied brain stem cells in the ewe brain that project to the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and determined if these cells are activated by estradiol-17beta. This would predicate an indirect role in the estradiol-17beta regulation of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) cells, since these receive input ...
Kang Won Jun - - 2009
Thousands of proteins are simultaneously involved in the maintenance of a single cancer cell. Fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET) is one of the most general techniques for imaging biologically interacting molecules in a cell. Here, we applied FRET to image the co-localization of two proteins that do not interact biologically ...
Henriksson Helena - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive experimental study in 4 different mammals. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cell proliferation/regeneration and localize stem cells/progenitor cells within the intervertebral disc (IVD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Disc degeneration (DD) is believed to play a major role in patients with chronic lumbar pain. Lately, biologic treatment options for DD ...
Ito Naoki - - 2009
Kososan, a Kampo (Japanese herbal) medicine, has an antidepressive-like effect in behavioral animal models of depression and has been used clinically for the improvement of depressive mood. However, mechanism(s) underlying the antidepressive-like effect of kososan remain unknown. Previous studies showed that orexin-A (OX-A), a neuropeptide that is involved in feeding ...
Sholl-Franco Alfred - - 2010
Previous data suggest that nucleotides are important mitogens in the developing chick retina. Here, we extended the study on the mitogenic effect of ATP to newborn mouse retinal explants. Our results showed that P2Y(1) receptors were widely distributed in C57bl/6 mice retina and that the majority of PCNA positive cells ...
Hosoda Toru - - 2009
An analysis of the clonality of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) and myocyte turnover in vivo requires genetic tagging of the undifferentiated cells so that the clonal marker of individual mother cells is traced in the specialized progeny. CPC niches in the atria and apex of the mouse heart were infected ...
Xu Fenghua - - 2009
Silica coated, PEI and citric acid hybrid superparamagnetic magnetite nanocrystal clusters (SMNC) were synthesized using either a mini-emulsion/sol-gel method or a polyol technique. After careful characterization of the size, structure, composition, and magnetic properties, the as-synthesized SMNC were used for cell labeling while the MR detection sensitivity of cells labeled ...
Golovko Daniel M - - 2010
To develop and characterize a clinically applicable, fast and efficient method for stem cell labeling with ferucarbotran and protamine for depiction with clinical MRI. The hydrodynamic diameter, zeta potential and relaxivities of ferucarbotran and varying concentrations of protamine were measured. Once the optimized ratio was found, human mesenchymal stem cells ...
Kaiser Christina L - - 2009
The avian cochlea regenerates hair cells following aminoglycoside treatment through supporting cell proliferation. Immunocytochemical labeling of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), a thymidine analog, is a popular nonradioactive marker for identifying cells in the DNA synthesis (S phase) of the cell cycle. However, it requires harsh treatments to denature double-stranded DNA for the ...
Janjic Jelena M JM Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2009
In this article we review the chemistry and nanoemulsion formulation of perfluorocarbons used for in vivo(19)F MRI cell tracking. In this application, cells of interest are labeled in culture using a perfluorocarbon nanoemulsion. Labeled cells are introduced into a subject and tracked using (19)F MRI or NMR spectroscopy. In the ...
Srinivas Mangala M Department of Tumor Immunology, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Science, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, - - 2009
Noninvasive methods to image the trafficking of phenotypically defined immune cells are paramount as we attempt to understand adaptive immunity. A (19)F MRI-based methodology for tracking and quantifying cells of a defined phenotype is presented. These methods were applied to a murine inflammation model using antigen-specific T cells. The T ...
Ho Vincent H B - - 2009
A previously developed cell labelling methodology has been evaluated to assess its potential to precisely control the degree of magnetic labelling. The two-step method provides a quick way of labelling cells by first biotinylating the cell membrane proteins and then binding streptavidin paramagnetic particles onto the biotinylated proteins. Characterisation studies ...
Lucas Nikola N - - 2009
Steroid-mediated cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival can be triggered by learning, experience, and brain injury. In the uninjured canary song system, testosterone induces cell proliferation that is blocked by an antibody to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). However, little is known with regard to the effects of neurotrophic factors on injury-induced ...
Mutai H - - 2009
Spiral ligament fibrocytes (SLFs) in the mammalian cochlear lateral wall participate in K(+) recycling; they are classified into five subtypes based on their morphology, distribution, and function. Regeneration of SLFs is a potential therapeutic strategy for correcting several types of hearing loss, prompting us to investigate how SLF subtypes are ...
Jayatissa M N - - 2009
Depressive disorders have been proposed to be caused by stress-induced down-regulation of hippocampal neurogenesis. Nevertheless, several reports have recently pointed out that, in rodent models of depression, suppression of generation of new hippocampal neurons is not by itself sufficient to induce the development of depression-related symptoms. In the present study, ...
Glauche Ingmar - - 2009
The kinetics of label uptake and dilution in dividing stem cells, e.g., using Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) as a labeling substance, are a common way to assess the cellular turnover of all hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in vivo. The assumption that HSCs form a homogeneous population of cells which regularly undergo cell ...
Henning Tobias D TD Department of Radiology, UCSF Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, - - 2009
For in vivo applications of magnetically labeled stem cells, biological effects of the labeling procedure have to be precluded. This study evaluates the effect of different ferucarbotran cell labeling protocols on chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) as well as their implications for MR imaging. hMSC were labeled ...
Adams Derek C - - 2009
Long-term pulse chase experiments previously identified a sizable population of BrdU-retaining cells within the renal papilla. The origin of these cells has been unclear, and in this work we test the hypothesis that they become quiescent early during the course of kidney development and organ growth. Indeed, we find that ...
Ferris Adam M - - 2009
A better understanding of improved microwave technology has increased the benefits and versatility of the technique as it applies to all aspects of immunohistochemistry. The role of continuous magnetron power output (wattage) combined with precise control of sample heating demonstrated their significance to complex labeling protocols. Here, we present results ...
Diermeier-Daucher Simone - - 2009
Using the nucleoside analogue EdU (5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine) for thymidine substitution instead of BrdU (5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine) in cell proliferation assays has recently been proposed. However, the effect of EdU on cell viability, DNA synthesis, and cell cycle progression and consequently its usability for dynamic cell proliferation analysis in vitro has not been explored. ...
Tang Yu Ping YP Department of Psychology and Zoology, Neuroscience Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, - - 2009
Mechanisms regulating masculinization of the zebra finch song system are unclear; both estradiol and sex-specific genes may be important. This study was designed to investigate relationships between estrogen and ribosomal proteins (RPL17 and RPL37; sex-linked genes) that exhibit greater expression in song control nuclei in juvenile males than females. Four ...
Jung Se Hee - - 2009
Cerebral ischemia induces cortical function reorganization and neocortical neurogenesis in the cerebral hemisphere. However, whether the cerebellum undergoes corresponding dynamic change after cerebral injury has not been determined. We investigated the characteristics of cell proliferation and synaptogenesis in the cerebellum after focal cerebral ischemia. After induction of focal cerebral ischemia ...
Helfer Jennifer L JL Psychology Department, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, - - 2009
The long-term effects of binge-like postnatal alcohol exposure on cell proliferation and differentiation in the adolescent rat neocortex were examined. Unlike the hippocampal dentate gyrus, where proliferation of progenitors results primarily in addition of granule cells in adulthood, the vast majority of newly generated cells in the intact mature rodent ...
Wohl Stefanie G - - 2009
In the naïve adult rodent eye cell proliferation does not occur. The aim of this in vivo study was to evaluate if quiescent putative progenitor-like cells within the adult mouse eye can be activated by optic nerve (ON) injury. For a comprehensive analysis, three areas were assessed: the ON, the ...
Wong Lily L - - 2009
Extrinsic cues and intrinsic competence act in concert for cell fate determination in the developing vertebrate retina. However, what controls competence and how precise is the control are largely unknown. We studied the regulation of competence by examining the order in which individual retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) generate daughters. Experiments ...
Reddy Alavala Matta - - 2009
Magnetic resonance imaging of cells labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) could be a valuable tool for tracking transplanted cells in living organisms. Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSC) were labeled with a novel polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP)-coated SPIO. Prussian blue staining and electron microscopy revealed that almost all of ...
Ribot Emeline Julie - - 2009
Therapies involving cells as vehicles need to visualize in situ the trafficking of the cells concerned. This cellular imaging can be driven by cell contrast agent-based nanoparticle internalization and non-invasive MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) detection. Here, microglial cells, that would transport a suicide gene to a glioma, were incubated for ...
Fujigaki Yoshihide - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We examined whether dedifferentiation is necessary for cell division of proximal tubule (PT) cells after acute PT injury. METHODS: Rats were injected with a low (0.2 mg/kg) or high (4 mg/kg) dose of uranyl acetate (UA) to induce acute PT injury. Proliferating PT cells were labelled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) ...
Kolko M - - 2009
Calcium-independent phospholipase A2, group VIA (iPLA2-VIA) is involved in cell proliferation. This study aimed to evaluate the role of iPLA2-VIA in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell proliferation and in retinal diseases involving RPE proliferation. A human RPE cell line (ARPE-19) was used to explore this role in vitro. Proliferating ARPE-19 ...
Lewis Geoffrey P - - 2009
PURPOSE: To test the effect of Palomid 529, an inhibitor of the Akt/mTOR pathway, on Müller cell proliferation, subretinal glial scar formation, and photoreceptor survival after experimental retinal detachment (RD). METHODS: Palomid 529 (600 microg) in balanced salt solution or balanced salt solution alone was injected intravitreally immediately after RD ...
Li Calzi Sergio - - 2009
Precise localization of exogenously delivered stem cells is critical to our understanding of their reparative response. Our current inability to determine the exact location of small numbers of cells may hinder optimal development of these cells for clinical use. We describe a method using magnetic resonance imaging to track and ...
Fei Ji-Feng - - 2009
We have investigated whether the precursor cells that give rise to the neurons of the neocortex during mouse embryonic development segregate sister chromatids nonrandomly upon mitosis, as would be predicted by the immortal strand hypothesis. Using various protocols of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling and chase, we were unable to detect BrdU ...
Warren Michelle M Clemson University, Biological Sciences, Clemson, South Carolina 29634, - - 2009
Cell proliferation studies are an important experimental tool. The most commonly used thymidine analogues, tritiated thymidine and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) label cells during S-phase. Both methods have significant drawbacks: low sensitivity in the case of tritiated thymidine and a denaturation step during BrdU detection that destroys most cellular epitopes, requiring careful ...
Nakano Masato - - 2009
The sympathetic preganglionic cell pool in Xenopus laevis can be divided into four parts, i.e., the intercalated nucleus (IC) and the intermediolateral nucleus (IML) located respectively at the medial and the lateral borders of the lateral field, the lateral funiculus, and the ventral field within the thoracolumbar spinal segments. We ...
Baligand C - - 2009
1H-NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) imaging is regularly proposed to non-invasively monitor cell therapy protocols. Prior to transplantation, cells must be loaded with an NMR contrast agent (CA). Most studies performed so far make use of superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (SPIOs), mainly for favorable detection sensitivity. However, in the case of ...
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