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Ozawa Akihiko - - 2011
Augurin is a secretory molecule produced in pituitary, thyroid, and esophagus and implicated in a wide array of physiological processes, from ACTH release to tumor suppression. However, the specific proaugurin-derived peptides present in various cell types are not yet known. In order to shed light on the posttranslational modifications required ...
Sinsuwan Sornchai - - 2011
Cell-associated proteinases from Virgibacillus sp. SK33 isolated from fish sauce fermentation were extracted and characterized. Proteinases were effectively released when washed cells were incubated in 0.3 mg/mL lysozyme in 50 mM Tris-maleate (pH 7) at 37 °C for 2 h. Major cell-associated proteinases exhibited molecular mass of 17, 32, and 65 kDa, ...
Smith Adam W - - 2011
Photoactivatable fluorescent proteins offer the possibility to optically tag and track the location of molecules in their bright state with high spatial and temporal resolution. Several reports of patterned photoactivation have emerged since the development of a photoactivatable variant of the green fluorescent protein (PaGFP) and the demonstration of two-photon ...
Lang Moritz - - 2011
Synthetic biology has recently provided functional single-cell oscillators. With a few exceptions, however, synchronization across a population has not been achieved yet. In particular, designing a cell coupling mechanism to achieve autonomous synchronization is not straightforward since there are usually several different design alternatives. Here, we propose a method to ...
Petersen Sönke - - 2011
Purpose: The integration of living cells into artificial microdevices requires close control of the interfacial interactions. Functional polymer coatings, such as peptide-polymer monolayers, can be used to guide the specific adhesion of living cells on surfaces in a spatially controlled fashion. ?Methods: Silicon surfaces were modified with a protein repellent ...
Helfand Brian T BT Department of Urology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2011
Vimentin intermediate filaments (VIF) extend throughout the rear and perinuclear regions of migrating fibroblasts, but only nonfilamentous vimentin particles are present in lamellipodial regions. In contrast, VIF networks extend to the entire cell periphery in serum-starved or nonmotile fibroblasts. Upon serum addition or activation of Rac1, VIF are rapidly phosphorylated ...
Hsu Jung-Chieh - - 2011
The antimicrobial peptide, chrysophsin-1, exhibits antimicrobial activities with similar efficiencies for both gram-negative and -positive bacteria. In this study, we examined the antitumor activity and modulation of the inflammatory response of a synthetic chrysophsin-1 peptide. In vitro results showed that chrysophsin-1 had greater inhibitory effects against human fibrosarcoma (HT-1080), histiocytic ...
Chungjatupornchai Wipa - - 2011
The display of proteins to cyanobacterial cell surface is made complex by combination of Gram-positive and Gram-negative features of cyanobacterial cell wall. Here, we showed that Synechococcus outer membrane protein A (SomA) can be used as an anchoring motif for the display of organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) on cyanobacterial cell surface. ...
Pereira Mark P - - 2011
The number of antimicrobial agents available for use in humans is limited by the difficulty of discovering chemical agents with selective toxicity to bacterial targets. Numerous small molecule inhibitors have potential as antimicrobial agents, yet their use has been prevented by high levels of toxic cross-reactivity in human cells. For ...
Liu Betty R - - 2011
Functional peptides that transfer biomaterials, such as semiconductor quantum dots (QDs), into cells in biomaterial research have been developed in recent years. Delivery of QDs conjugated with cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) into cells by the endocytic pathway was problematic in biomedical applications because of lysosomal trapping. Here, we demonstrate that histidine- ...
Cazzaniga Emanuela - - 2011
We investigated whether the toxicity of oligomeric amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta1-42) upon differentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, can be affected by changes of membrane lipid composition. An immunostaining technique, using lipids extracted from the cells and separated by thin layer chromatography, suggested that Abeta preferentially binds to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), one of ...
Ligrone Roberto - - 2011
Transfer cells are plant cells specialized in apoplast/symplast transport and characterized by a distinctive wall labyrinth apparatus. The molecular architecture and biochemistry of the labyrinth apparatus are poorly known. The leaf lamina in the aquatic angiosperm Elodea canadensis consists of only two cell layers, with the abaxial cells developing as ...
Boddington Sophie E - - 2011
This study aims to determine the effect of human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) labeling with the fluorescent dye DiD and the iron oxide nanoparticle ferucarbotran on chondrogenesis. hMSCs were labeled with DiD alone or with DiD and ferucarbotran (DiD/ferucarbotran). hMSCs underwent confocal microscopy, optical imaging (OI), and magnetic resonance (MR) ...
Talboys Peter J - - 2011
• The hormonal and physiological regulations underpinning the cell contexts of structural features of the heterogeneous cell wall pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan-I are far from being understood. • The effect of the modulation of abscisic acid (ABA) concentrations and sensitivity on the detection of the LM6 1,5-arabinan epitope at the surface ...
Lu Jia-Hong - - 2011
Abnormal protein aggregation in the brain is linked to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent studies revealed that the oligomeric form of aggregates is most likely the toxic species, and thus could be a good therapeutic target. To screen for potent inhibitors ...
Peer Wendy Ann - - 2011
Metallopeptidases of the M1 family are found in all phyla (except viruses) and are important in the cell cycle and normal growth and development. M1s often have spatiotemporal expression patterns which allow for strict regulation of activity. Mutations in the genes encoding M1s result in disease and are often lethal. ...
Nan Beiyan - - 2011
Myxococcus xanthus is a Gram-negative bacterium that glides over surfaces without the aid of flagella. Two motility systems are used for locomotion: social-motility, powered by the retraction of type IV pili, and adventurous (A)-motility, powered by unknown mechanism(s). We have shown that AgmU, an A-motility protein, is part of a ...
Fu Yuejun - - 2011
Several scorpion insect toxins are selectively active on the lepidopterous and dipterous insects. The gene encoding insect excitatory neurotoxin (BmK IT) from the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) at a high level of 3 mg/0.5 L using the prokaryotic expression system pTWIN1. Colorimetric 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT), ...
Lößner Christopher - - 2011
Quantitative proteomics has increasingly gained impact in life science research as a tool to describe changes in protein expression between different cellular states. Stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) is a powerful technique for relative quantification of proteins. However, the accuracy of quantification is impaired by ...
Dowling Paul - - 2011
In the strictest sense, the cell secretome (conditioned media) refers to the collection of proteins that contain a signal peptide and are processed via the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus through the classical secretion pathway. More generally, the secretome also encompasses proteins shed from the cell surface and intracellular proteins ...
Chothe Paresh P - - 2011
Retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) express two transport systems (SOPT1 and SOPT2) for oligopeptides. Hepcidin is an iron-regulatory peptide hormone consisting of 25 amino acids. This hormone binds to ferroportin, an iron exporter expressed on the cell surface, and facilitates its degradation. Here we investigated if hepcidin is a substrate ...
Geissler Stefanie - - 2011
Maltosine, a 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinone derivative of lysine formed in the course of the advanced Maillard reaction, is an effective metal chelating agent. It therefore represents an interesting compound for the treatment of metal ion storage diseases. We synthesized 6-(3-hydroxy-4-oxo-2-methyl-4(1H)-pyridin-1-yl)-l-norleucine (free maltosine) and its dipeptide derivatives alanylmaltosine (Ala-Mal) and maltosinylalanine (Mal-Ala) and ...
Eggenberger Kai - - 2011
The delivery of externally applied macromolecules or nanoparticles into living cells still represents a critically limiting step before the full capabilities of chemical engineering can be explored. Molecular transporters such as cell-penetrating peptides, peptoids, and other mimetics can be used to carry cargo across the cellular membrane, but it is ...
Choi Woon Sun - - 2011
We utilized a commercially available materials printer to investigate synthetic multicellular cell-to-cell communication because inkjet printing technology makes it easy to print spatiotemporal patterns of soluble biomolecules and live cells. Since cells are genetically programmed to communicate with one another via synthetic biology, cell signaling molecules secreted by one cell ...
Jacobberger James W - - 2011
Cell cycle-related cytometry and analysis is an essential experimental paradigm for the cell biology of yeast, mammalian, and drosophila cells. Methods have not changed much for many years. The most common is DNA content analysis, which has been well-published and reviewed. Next most common is analysis of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, ...
Hou Bi-Huei - - 2011
Knowledge of the in vivo levels, distribution and flux of ions and metabolites is crucial to our understanding of physiology in both healthy and diseased states. The quantitative analysis of the dynamics of ions and metabolites with subcellular resolution in vivo poses a major challenge for the analysis of metabolic ...
Bateman David A - - 2011
The amyloid peptides, Aβ40 and Aβ42, are generated through endoproteolytic cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein. Here we have developed a model to investigate the interaction of living cells with various forms of aggregated Aβ40/42. After incubation at endosomal pH 6, we observed a variety of Aβ conformations after 3 ...
Kamena Faustin - - 2011
Fluorescein-labeled α- and β-octaarginine amides were synthesized. The route, by which these oligoarginine (OA) derivatives enter cells (hepatocytes, fibroblasts, macrophages), was investigated by confocal fluorescence microscopy. Comparisons (by co-localization experiments) with compounds of known penetration modes revealed that the β-octaarginine amide also uses multiple pathways to enter cells. There was ...
Zhai Xiao-Hui - - 2011
The hairpin cell-penetrating peptides (hCPPs) demonstrate an interesting characteristic of conditioned activation by molecules. We hypothesized that hCPPs have the potential to selectively deliver a paramagnetic gadolinium probe into the matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) positive human ovary adenocarcinoma cell lines, SKOV-3. hCPPs were synthesized and labeled with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N''' tetraacetic acid ...
Nair Meera - - 2011
Plant cells are delimited by a rigid cell wall that resists internal turgor pressure, but extends with a remarkable degree of control that allows the cell to grow and acquire specific shapes. Live cell fluorescence microscopy systems have allowed an amazing view into the complex and dynamic lives of individual ...
Steinstraesser Lars - - 2011
Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is an anatomically and histologically heterogeneous neoplasia that shares a putative mesenchymal cell origin. The treatment with common chemotherapeutics is still unsatisfying because of association with poor response rates. Although evidence is accumulating for potent oncolytic activity of host defense peptides (HDPs), their potential therapeutic use ...
Goold R R Department of Neurodegenerative Disease, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, - - 2011
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders with unique transmissible properties. The infectious and pathological agent is thought to be a misfolded conformer of the prion protein. Little is known about the initial events in prion infection because the infecting prion source has been immunologically indistinguishable from normal cellular prion protein ...
Bifulco Katia - - 2011
High levels of urokinase receptor (uPAR) in tissue and serum of patients with chondrosarcoma correlate with poor prognosis. First, we analyzed the uPAR levels in tissues and plasma of five patients affected by chondrosarcoma. Interestingly, very high levels of uPAR and its soluble forms (SuPAR) were found on tumor cell ...
Neugebauer Ute - - 2011
In this contribution we present the combination of patch clamp with Raman spectroscopy for a label-free quantitative detection of intracellular components. Patch clamp is used to gain controlled access to the cytosol and internalize water-soluble compounds into the cell. The presence and concentration of these substances inside the living mammalian ...
Arvanitis Leonidas D - - 2010
Epitope H contains an O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) residue in a specific conformation and/or environment recognized by mouse IgM monoclonal antibody H (mabH). Epitope H is present in several types of cells and in several polypeptides outside the CNS. Previous results have shown that in the adult human brains, epitope H ...
Ferreira-Gomes Joana - - 2010
Pain is a prominent feature of osteoarthritis (OA). To further understand the primary mechanisms of nociception in OA, we studied the expression of the phenotype markers calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), isolectin B4 (IB4), and neurofilament 200 (NF200) in sensory neurons innervating the OA knee joint in rats. OA was induced ...
Kuriyama Isoko - - 2010
It was previously reported that ten small peptides derived from TT-232, somatostatin structural analogue (compounds 1-10), synthesised by a solution-phase method, exhibited potent antitumour activity on human epithelial tumour (A431) cells. The present study investigated the inhibitory activity of these peptide compounds against DNA polymerase (pol) and human cancer cell ...
Cheng Ru-Bin - - 2011
CD133 is extensively used as a surface marker to identify and isolate glioma-initiating cells (GICs) from malignant brain tumors; however, instances of CD133(-) cells exhibiting similar properties have also been reported. To clarify the availability of CD133 as the GIC marker, we first evaluated the ratio of CD133(+) cells and ...
Schild Lydia - - 2011
The cell wall of the human-pathogenic fungus Candida albicans is a robust but also dynamic structure which mediates adaptation to changing environmental conditions during infection. Sap9 and Sap10 are cell surface-associated proteases which function in C. albicans cell wall integrity and interaction with human epithelial cells and neutrophils. In this ...
Zhao Jian - - 2011
Cell-penetrating peptides can carry a variety of biologically active molecules into cells. Here we have identified a novel CPP derived from the C-terminus of human extracellular superoxide dismutase (hC-SOD3) which was shown to be located throughout in the cytoplasm and nucleus by fluorescence microscopy investigation. Furthermore, when apoptin fused to ...
Konopka M C - - 2011
The ability to detect specific functions of uncultured microbial cells in complex natural communities remains one of the most difficult tasks of environmental microbiology. Here we present respiration response imaging (RRI) as a novel fluorescence microscopy-based approach for the identification of microbial function, such as the ability to use C(1) ...
Kloxin April M AM Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, - - 2010
We describe a detailed procedure to create photolabile, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based hydrogels and manipulate material properties in situ. The cytocompatible chemistry and degradation process enable dynamic, tunable changes for applications in two-dimensional (2D) or 3D cell culture. The materials are created by synthesizing an o-nitrobenzylether-based photodegradable monomer that can be ...
Bonetto Fernando F Department of Tumor Immunology, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, - - 2011
Monitoring of cell therapeutics in vivo is of major importance to estimate its efficacy. Here, we present a novel intracellular label for (19)F magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based cell tracking, which allows for noninvasive, longitudinal cell tracking without the use of radioisotopes. A key advantage of (19)F MRI is that it ...
Ito Masanobu - - 2010
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is known as a successful treatment for severe depression. Despite great efforts, the biological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of ECT remain largely unclear. In this study, animals received a single, 10, or 20 applications of electroconvulsive seizure (ECS), and then cell proliferation and apoptosis were investigated ...
Liu Lifei - - 2010
Previously, we demonstrated that progesterone (P(4)) promoted adult rat neural progenitor cell (rNPC) proliferation with concomitant regulation of cell-cycle gene expression via the P(4) receptor membrane component/ERK pathway. Here, we report the efficacy of seven clinically relevant progestins alone or in combination with 17β-estradiol (E(2)) on adult rNPC proliferation and ...
Kim Jong Sik - - 2011
Wood is composed of various types of cells and each type of cell has different structural and functional properties. However, the temporal and spatial diversities of cell wall components in the cell wall between different cell types are rarely understood. To extend our understanding of distributional diversities of cell wall ...
Suzuki Masami - - 2010
We examined the cell proliferation activity of kidney in young growing rats using flash and cumulative labeling with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Rats were subjected to the study at the age of 6 weeks, and cumulative labeling was carried out for periods of 7 to 28 days. BrdU-positive cells were observed after ...
Aydogan Bulent - - 2010
To study the feasibility of using 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG)-labeled gold nanoparticle (AuNP-DG) as a computed tomography (CT) contrast agent with tumor targeting capability through in vitro experiments. Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) were fabricated and were conjugated with 2-deoxy-D-glucose. The human alveolar epithelial cancer cell line, A-549, was chosen for the in vitro ...
Bellmann-Sickert Kathrin - - 2010
SDF1α plays an important role in the regeneration of injured tissue after ischemia or stroke by inducing the migration of progenitor cells. In order to study the function of this therapeutically relevant chemokine site-specific protein labelling is of great interest. However, modification of SDF1α is complicated because of its complex ...
Pan Ye Y Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, - - 2011
The present study examines the effects of Cd81-null mutation on the development of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), specifically cell size and number of cells with multiple nuclei. The outlines of RPE in retinal flat mounts were stained with rhodamine-labeled phalloidin and RPE nuclei with Hoechst stain. The RPE layer ...
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