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Results 451 - 500 of 1633
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Hansen Anne - - 2004
In most vertebrates hitherto examined including humans, certain brain areas retain the capacity to build new neurons during adult life. In some arthropods, above all in crustaceans, continuous genesis of brain neurons has also been shown, namely for soma clusters of the olfactory brain. Several factors as, e.g., sensory input, ...
Bos Clemens - - 2004
To evaluate in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with a conventional 1.5-T system for depiction and tracking of intravascularly injected superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This study was conducted in accordance with French law governing animal research and met guidelines for animal care and use. Rat MSCs ...
Mancuso A - - 2004
A method was developed for obtaining high signal-to-noise 13C NMR spectra of intracellular compounds in metabolically active cultured cells. The method allows TCA cycle labeling kinetics to be determined in real time without significant oxygen transport limitations. Cells were immobilized on the surface of nonporous microcarriers that were either uncoated ...
Zaldibar B - - 2004
Epithelial cell renewal in mussel ( Mytilus galloprovincialis, Lmk) digestive gland and stomach was investigated by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry. Mussels were exposed to 4 mg BrdU/l seawater continuously. Starting at 6 h after treatment, samples were collected every 2 h for 2 days and BrdU labelling was estimated by direct ...
Fowler, Christie Dawn
Neurogenesis in the adult brain has become an exciting research area in the past three decades. With the advent of new scientific methods and techniques, researchers have been able to identify and characterize new cells proliferating throughout the brain. In mammals, the main areas for adult neurogenesis are the subventricular ...
Bain Megan J - - 2004
Granule cell neurogenesis occurs in the dentate gyrus of the mammalian hippocampus throughout adult life, and incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into DNA can serve as a marker of cell division associated with such neurogenesis. We examined the effects of a stressor (3h of restraint) on hippocampal cell proliferation in Sprague-Dawley ...
Jiang Wen - - 2004
Epileptic seizures have been shown to increase the proliferation of granule cell precursors in the adult brain, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study examined the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the proliferation of granule cell precursors in adult rats after pentylenetrazol (PTZ)-induced generalized clonic seizures. Using ...
Lema Sean C - - 2004
Salmon have long been known to imprint and home to natal stream odors, yet the mechanisms driving olfactory imprinting remain obscure. The timing of imprinting is associated with elevations in plasma thyroid hormone levels, with possible effects on growth and proliferation of the peripheral olfactory system. Here, we begin to ...
Hsieh Elaine A - - 2004
A heavy water ((2)H(2)O) labeling method recently developed to measure cell proliferation in vivo is applied here to the measurement of murine epidermal cell turnover and to investigate conditions in which keratinocyte proliferation is either inhibited or stimulated. The technique is based on incorporation of (2)H(2)O into the deoxyribose moiety ...
Braun Kristin M - - 2004
Epidermal label-retaining cells (LRC) can be identified by giving neonatal mice repeated injections of 3H-thymidine or 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine and then finding the cells that are still labelled in adulthood. Although label retention is simply a marker of the proliferative history of a cell, there is, nevertheless, evidence that it is a ...
Van Cruchten S - - 2004
The proliferative activity in the endometrium of 58 bitches in different stages of the estrous cycle was assessed by immunohistochemical detection of the Ki-67 proliferation associated nuclear antigen and by counting mitotic figures. The Ki-67 labelling index and the mitotic index were determined in the surface epithelium, the stroma, the ...
Che Fa-Yun - - 2004
The biosynthesis of neuroendocrine peptides is typically examined by following the rate of appearance of a radioactive amino acid into mature forms of peptides. In the present study, we labeled cell lines with L-leucine containing 10 deuterium residues (d(10)-Leu) and used mass spectrometry to measure the biosynthetic rate of gamma-lipotropin ...
Solly Kelli - - 2004
Label-free detection emerges as a new approach in the development of technologies for cell-based screening assays. Unlike the classic detection methods that use fluorescence, radioisotope, luminescence, or light absorption, label-free detection directly measures the cell function without using a labeled molecule. The advantages of label-free detection include a simple homogeneous ...
Wang Hui-Dong - - 2004
The generation of new cells in the adult mammalian brain may significantly modify pathophysiological processes in neuropsychiatric disorders. We examined the ability of chronic treatment with the antipsychotic drugs (APDs) olanzapine and haloperidol to increase the number and survival of newly generated cells in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and striatal ...
Mandyam Chitra D - - 2004
The birth of cells with neurogenic potential in the adult brain is assessed commonly by detection of exogenous S phase markers, such as bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Analysis of other phases of the cell cycle, however, can provide insight into how external factors, such as opiates, influence the cycling of newly born ...
Takeuchi Takashi - - 2004
The cellular kinetics of villous columnar epithelial cells and M cells in the rabbit small intestine were determined by the use of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) as a tracer. To identify M cells, vimentin antibody was used. The BrdU-labeled nuclei of columnar epithelial cells reached the base of intestinal villi in all ...
Anderson Stasia A - - 2004
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease with early lesions characterized by mononuclear cellular infiltrate, edema, demyelination, and axonal loss that contribute to the clinical course of the disease. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in the mouse is a valuable model with a similar disease course to relapsing-remitting MS. ...
Diermeier S - - 2004
Incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) during DNA replication is frequently used for cell cycle analysis. The flow cytometric BrdU/Hoechst quenching technique is conducive to high-resolution assessment of cell cycle kinetics, but requires continuous BrdU treatment, which may have cytostatic or cytotoxic effects. Here, we have examined the impact of BrdU on ...
Breuil-Broyer Stephanie - - 2004
We report a comparative analysis of cell proliferation patterns during Arabidopsis flower development. Cell division was evaluated by a direct method, i.e. the 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation/immunodetection procedure. BrdU patterns in wild-type plants were correlated with the expression profiles of both several cell cycle genes involved in the control of the ...
Yoshimizu Takao - - 2004
We have previously reported that MGS0039, a novel antagonist of group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), exerts antidepressant-like effects in experimental animal models. Recent studies suggest that the behavioral effects of chronic antidepressant treatment are mediated by the stimulation of neurogenesis in the hippocampus. In the present study, we examined ...
Yung Susan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that decorin and biglycan account for over 70% of the proteoglycans (PGs) synthesized by human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs). Since these PGs are involved in the control of cell growth, cell differentiation, and matrix assembly, we investigated their turnover in cultured HPMCs. METHODS: Confluent HPMCs ...
Tse Yu Chung - - 2004
Little is known about the dynamics and molecular components of plant prevacuolar compartments (PVCs). We have demonstrated recently that vacuolar sorting receptor (VSR) proteins are concentrated on PVCs. In this study, we generated transgenic Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) BY-2 cell lines expressing two yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-fusion reporters that mark PVC ...
Xiao Y - - 2004
PURPOSE: A combined treatment of cells with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyurine (BrdU), Hoechst 33 258 and ultraviolet A (UVA) light was used to introduce chromosomal aberrations in cells for the study of bystander effects in non-labelled cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mixtures of BrdU-labelled and non-labelled Chinese hamster cells (V79) in S phase were ...
Dias Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni MF Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Departamento de Dermatologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. - - 2004
To perform in-vitro studies with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis yeast cells it is necessary to avoid the presence of clumps of cells while maintaining their integrity. Because of the multiple budding type of growth, the bud cells are always attached to the mother cell and the yeast cells keep growing, resulting in ...
Tomita Michiyo - - 2004
Previous studies have shown that the functional capacity of T cells may be modulated by the composition of fatty acids within, and the release of fatty acids from membrane phospholipids, particularly containing arachidonic acid (AA). The remodeling of AA within membrane phospholipids of resting and proliferating CD4+ and CD8+ T ...
Förster Irmgard - - 2004
In the past, the life-span of B cells in rodents has been determined by a variety of methods, leading to conflicting results. Among the various techniques employed, labeling of dividing cells with the thymidine analog 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) has turned out to be a versatile and reliable procedure. Labeling of the ...
Elson Karen - - 2004
Satellite cells (SCs) ensheathe neuronal cell bodies of sensory ganglia and provide mechanical and metabolic support for neurons. In mice, grossly detrimental stimuli such as nerve crush or cut, or explant culture of ganglia induce proliferation of SCs. It is unknown whether SC proliferation occurs in response to the less ...
Burkhardt Silke - - 2004
To determine the lobular distribution of hepatocellular proliferation, S-phase response was measured in untreated adult male B6C3F1 and C57BL mice at ages 11, 14, and 23 weeks. The percentage of cells in S-phase (labeling index, LI) was evaluated using immunohistochemical detection of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU). The BrdU was delivered either by ...
Tumbar Tudorita T Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Laboratory of Mammalian Cell Biology and Development, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, - - 2004
Many adult regenerative cells divide infrequently but have high proliferative capacity. We developed a strategy to fluorescently label slow-cycling cells in a cell type-specific fashion. We used this method to purify the label-retaining cells (LRCs) that mark the skin stem cell (SC) niche. We found that these cells rarely divide ...
Erman Andreja - - 2004
Postnatal growth and renewal of mouse urothelium start on the day of birth. In the present study, temporal and spatial dimensions of urothelial growth were studied during the first two postnatal weeks. Quantitative analysis showed that the rate of urothelial cell proliferation is significantly higher during all 14 postnatal days ...
Maeshima Akito - - 2003
The present study was conducted to explore renal progenitor-like cells that are actively engaged in tubular regeneration after injury. For addressing this issue, the existence of label-retaining cells (LRC; slow-cycling cells) in normal rat kidneys by in vivo bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling was examined. LRC were scattering among renal epithelial tubular ...
Mino Masaki - - 2003
Recent studies indicate the existence of progenitor cells and their potential for neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the hippocampus dentate gyrus (DG) of normal adult mammalian brain. Increased neurogenesis has been shown following cerebral ischemia and traumatic brain injury; however, the involvement of neurogenesis in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) ...
Gulbins H - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Skeletal myoblasts have been shown to survive transfer into myocardial scar tissue. The purpose of this study was to investigate differentiation after intramyocardial transplantation. Additionally, we evaluated an intravital fluorescence dye. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skeletal myoblasts were harvested from 8 male inbred Lewis rats and expanded in culture. For ...
Muskhelishvili Levan - - 2003
The standard method for assessment of cell proliferation in paraffin-embedded tissue sections is 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry (IHC). BrdU can be administered to laboratory animals via IP injections, is readily incorporated into nuclei during the DNA synthetic phase of the cell cycle, and is detected with an anti-BrdU antibody. This method ...
Amasaki Hajime - - 2003
The distribution of cells incorporating bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and the expression of molecules involved in the control of cell proliferation (proliferating cell nuclear antigen [PCNA], a cellular factor in F9 teratocarcinoma cells that recognizes an adenovirus E1A inducible promoter 1 [E2F1] and proliferation-related acidic nuclear protein 31 [PAL31]) during morphogenesis of ...
Fowler Christie D CD Department of Psychology, Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA. - - 2003
Gonadal steroid hormones play an important role in the proliferation, survival, and activation of neurons. The present study was performed to examine the effects of testosterone and its metabolites on newly proliferated cells in the amygdala of adult male meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus). Treatment with testosterone propionate (TP) in castrated ...
Neti Prasad V S V PV Division of Radiation Research, Department of Radiology, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey 07103, - - 2003
To varying degrees, radiopharmaceuticals are distributed nonuniformly in tissue. At a macroscopic level, the radiopharmaceutical may appear to be uniformly distributed throughout the tissue. However, on closer inspection, not all cells in the tissue may be labeled with the radiopharmaceutical. Furthermore, the radioactivity in the cells may be localized only ...
Vollmayr Barbara - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A plethora of indirect findings suggests that mood disorders may be caused by or result in structural changes in the brain, namely decreased hippocampal cell proliferation. METHODS: To test for these hypotheses, we used a rat model of depression, learned helplessness. Moderate unpredictable and inescapable foot shocks induced learned ...
Christensen Birgitte Mønster - - 2004
Lithium treatment for 4 wk caused severe polyuria, dramatic downregulation in aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) expression, and marked decrease in AQP-2 immunoreactivity with the appearance of a large number of cells without AQP-2 labeling in the collecting ducts after lithium treatment. Surprisingly, this was not all due to an increase in AQP-2-negative ...
Brandt Moritz D - - 2003
We here show that the early postmitotic stage of granule cell development during adult hippocampal neurogenesis is characterized by the transient expression of calretinin (CR). CR expression was detected as early as 1 day after labeling dividing cells with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), but not before. Staining for Ki-67 confirmed that no ...
Ormerod B K - - 2003
We have previously found that estradiol increases (within 4 h) but then decreases (within 48 h) cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of adult female ovariectomized (OVX) rats and of intact meadow voles and that estradiol partially stimulates adrenal activity to suppress cell proliferation in rats. Estradiol enhances N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor ...
Koch A M - - 2003
The ability to use magnetic nanoparticles for cell tracking, or for the delivery of nanoparticle-based therapeutic agents, requires a detailed understanding of probe metabolism and transport. Here we report on the development and metabolism of a dual fluorochrome version of our tat-CLIO nanoparticle termed Tat(FITC)-Cy3.5-CLIO. The nanoparticle features an FITC ...
Wada Kuniyasu - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracisternal basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) enhances sensorimotor recovery after focal cerebral infarction in rats. One possible mechanism is stimulation of endogenous progenitor cells in brain. We investigated the effects of intracisternal bFGF on brain progenitor cells after stroke. METHODS: Proliferating brain cells were labeled with bromodeoxyuridine ...
Macallan Derek C - - 2003
During acute infectious mononucleosis (AIM), large clones of Epstein-Barr virus-specific T lymphocytes are produced. To investigate the dynamics of clonal expansion, we measured cell proliferation during AIM using deuterated glucose to label DNA of dividing cells in vivo, analyzing cells according to CD4, CD8 and CD45 phenotype. The proportion of ...
Dziewczapolski G - - 2003
We investigated the survival, distribution and differentiation capabilities of adult rat hippocampus-derived progenitor cells (AHPs) by grafting them into either the intact or dopamine (DA)-denervated adult rat striatum (ST). Furthermore, we tested the effects of the in vivo administration of retinoic acid (RA) on the differentiation of the grafted cells. ...
Bao Chunying - - 2003
In white-rumped munia, early auditory experience is critical for normal song development. New neurons are constantly added to the telencephalon in juveniles. We examined the potential role of auditory experience in regulating the developmental changes in the song nuclei and the survival of newborn cells. We chose two special days, ...
McMahon S S - - 2003
Studies on nuclear volume have shown that it is an indication of the state of differentiation of cells. This study provides evidence indicating increasing nuclear volume during cell maturation. Using unbiased stereological techniques, nuclear volume of both proliferating and non-proliferating glial cells was analysed in the developing spinal cord. Proliferating ...
Yamasoba Tatsuya - - 2003
Cell proliferation in the cochleae of guinea pigs and rats was investigated after systemic application of kanamycin sulfate (KM) and ethacrynic acid (EA). Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected daily for 10 days, after which the number of BrdU-positive cells was counted in paraffin sections of the cochlea. Only a few BrdU-positive ...
Chen Jeng Chang - - 2003
Alternatives to the use of radioisotopes to measure cell proliferation in mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLR) are desirable to avoid the hazards and costs associated with radioisotope use. The versatile fluorochrome 5,6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) has been used to measure MLR and provides the opportunity to measure several different growth ...
Ormerod B K - - 2003
Reproductive status influences cell proliferation and the survival of new cells in the dentate gyrus of adult laboratory-reared and wild female meadow voles; reproductively inactive (RI) females have more proliferating cells and more labeled cells that survive 5 weeks vs. 2 h than reproductively active (RA) females. However, the effect ...
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