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Results 451 - 500 of 1618
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Takeuchi Takashi - - 2004
The cellular kinetics of villous columnar epithelial cells and M cells in the rabbit small intestine were determined by the use of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) as a tracer. To identify M cells, vimentin antibody was used. The BrdU-labeled nuclei of columnar epithelial cells reached the base of intestinal villi in all ...
Anderson Stasia A - - 2004
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease with early lesions characterized by mononuclear cellular infiltrate, edema, demyelination, and axonal loss that contribute to the clinical course of the disease. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in the mouse is a valuable model with a similar disease course to relapsing-remitting MS. ...
Diermeier S - - 2004
Incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) during DNA replication is frequently used for cell cycle analysis. The flow cytometric BrdU/Hoechst quenching technique is conducive to high-resolution assessment of cell cycle kinetics, but requires continuous BrdU treatment, which may have cytostatic or cytotoxic effects. Here, we have examined the impact of BrdU on ...
Breuil-Broyer Stephanie - - 2004
We report a comparative analysis of cell proliferation patterns during Arabidopsis flower development. Cell division was evaluated by a direct method, i.e. the 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation/immunodetection procedure. BrdU patterns in wild-type plants were correlated with the expression profiles of both several cell cycle genes involved in the control of the ...
Yoshimizu Takao - - 2004
We have previously reported that MGS0039, a novel antagonist of group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), exerts antidepressant-like effects in experimental animal models. Recent studies suggest that the behavioral effects of chronic antidepressant treatment are mediated by the stimulation of neurogenesis in the hippocampus. In the present study, we examined ...
Yung Susan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that decorin and biglycan account for over 70% of the proteoglycans (PGs) synthesized by human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs). Since these PGs are involved in the control of cell growth, cell differentiation, and matrix assembly, we investigated their turnover in cultured HPMCs. METHODS: Confluent HPMCs ...
Tse Yu Chung - - 2004
Little is known about the dynamics and molecular components of plant prevacuolar compartments (PVCs). We have demonstrated recently that vacuolar sorting receptor (VSR) proteins are concentrated on PVCs. In this study, we generated transgenic Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) BY-2 cell lines expressing two yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-fusion reporters that mark PVC ...
Xiao Y - - 2004
PURPOSE: A combined treatment of cells with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyurine (BrdU), Hoechst 33 258 and ultraviolet A (UVA) light was used to introduce chromosomal aberrations in cells for the study of bystander effects in non-labelled cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mixtures of BrdU-labelled and non-labelled Chinese hamster cells (V79) in S phase were ...
Dias Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni MF Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Departamento de Dermatologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. - - 2004
To perform in-vitro studies with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis yeast cells it is necessary to avoid the presence of clumps of cells while maintaining their integrity. Because of the multiple budding type of growth, the bud cells are always attached to the mother cell and the yeast cells keep growing, resulting in ...
Tomita Michiyo - - 2004
Previous studies have shown that the functional capacity of T cells may be modulated by the composition of fatty acids within, and the release of fatty acids from membrane phospholipids, particularly containing arachidonic acid (AA). The remodeling of AA within membrane phospholipids of resting and proliferating CD4+ and CD8+ T ...
Förster Irmgard - - 2004
In the past, the life-span of B cells in rodents has been determined by a variety of methods, leading to conflicting results. Among the various techniques employed, labeling of dividing cells with the thymidine analog 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) has turned out to be a versatile and reliable procedure. Labeling of the ...
Elson Karen - - 2004
Satellite cells (SCs) ensheathe neuronal cell bodies of sensory ganglia and provide mechanical and metabolic support for neurons. In mice, grossly detrimental stimuli such as nerve crush or cut, or explant culture of ganglia induce proliferation of SCs. It is unknown whether SC proliferation occurs in response to the less ...
Burkhardt Silke - - 2004
To determine the lobular distribution of hepatocellular proliferation, S-phase response was measured in untreated adult male B6C3F1 and C57BL mice at ages 11, 14, and 23 weeks. The percentage of cells in S-phase (labeling index, LI) was evaluated using immunohistochemical detection of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU). The BrdU was delivered either by ...
Tumbar Tudorita - - 2004
Many adult regenerative cells divide infrequently but have high proliferative capacity. We developed a strategy to fluorescently label slow-cycling cells in a cell type-specific fashion. We used this method to purify the label-retaining cells (LRCs) that mark the skin stem cell (SC) niche. We found that these cells rarely divide ...
Erman Andreja - - 2004
Postnatal growth and renewal of mouse urothelium start on the day of birth. In the present study, temporal and spatial dimensions of urothelial growth were studied during the first two postnatal weeks. Quantitative analysis showed that the rate of urothelial cell proliferation is significantly higher during all 14 postnatal days ...
Maeshima Akito - - 2003
The present study was conducted to explore renal progenitor-like cells that are actively engaged in tubular regeneration after injury. For addressing this issue, the existence of label-retaining cells (LRC; slow-cycling cells) in normal rat kidneys by in vivo bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling was examined. LRC were scattering among renal epithelial tubular ...
Mino Masaki - - 2003
Recent studies indicate the existence of progenitor cells and their potential for neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the hippocampus dentate gyrus (DG) of normal adult mammalian brain. Increased neurogenesis has been shown following cerebral ischemia and traumatic brain injury; however, the involvement of neurogenesis in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) ...
Gulbins H - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Skeletal myoblasts have been shown to survive transfer into myocardial scar tissue. The purpose of this study was to investigate differentiation after intramyocardial transplantation. Additionally, we evaluated an intravital fluorescence dye. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skeletal myoblasts were harvested from 8 male inbred Lewis rats and expanded in culture. For ...
Muskhelishvili Levan - - 2003
The standard method for assessment of cell proliferation in paraffin-embedded tissue sections is 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry (IHC). BrdU can be administered to laboratory animals via IP injections, is readily incorporated into nuclei during the DNA synthetic phase of the cell cycle, and is detected with an anti-BrdU antibody. This method ...
Amasaki Hajime - - 2003
The distribution of cells incorporating bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and the expression of molecules involved in the control of cell proliferation (proliferating cell nuclear antigen [PCNA], a cellular factor in F9 teratocarcinoma cells that recognizes an adenovirus E1A inducible promoter 1 [E2F1] and proliferation-related acidic nuclear protein 31 [PAL31]) during morphogenesis of ...
Neti Prasad V S V - - 2003
To varying degrees, radiopharmaceuticals are distributed nonuniformly in tissue. At a macroscopic level, the radiopharmaceutical may appear to be uniformly distributed throughout the tissue. However, on closer inspection, not all cells in the tissue may be labeled with the radiopharmaceutical. Furthermore, the radioactivity in the cells may be localized only ...
Fowler Christie D CD Department of Psychology, Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA. - - 2003
Gonadal steroid hormones play an important role in the proliferation, survival, and activation of neurons. The present study was performed to examine the effects of testosterone and its metabolites on newly proliferated cells in the amygdala of adult male meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus). Treatment with testosterone propionate (TP) in castrated ...
Vollmayr Barbara - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A plethora of indirect findings suggests that mood disorders may be caused by or result in structural changes in the brain, namely decreased hippocampal cell proliferation. METHODS: To test for these hypotheses, we used a rat model of depression, learned helplessness. Moderate unpredictable and inescapable foot shocks induced learned ...
Christensen Birgitte Mønster - - 2004
Lithium treatment for 4 wk caused severe polyuria, dramatic downregulation in aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) expression, and marked decrease in AQP-2 immunoreactivity with the appearance of a large number of cells without AQP-2 labeling in the collecting ducts after lithium treatment. Surprisingly, this was not all due to an increase in AQP-2-negative ...
Brandt Moritz D - - 2003
We here show that the early postmitotic stage of granule cell development during adult hippocampal neurogenesis is characterized by the transient expression of calretinin (CR). CR expression was detected as early as 1 day after labeling dividing cells with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), but not before. Staining for Ki-67 confirmed that no ...
Ormerod B K - - 2003
We have previously found that estradiol increases (within 4 h) but then decreases (within 48 h) cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of adult female ovariectomized (OVX) rats and of intact meadow voles and that estradiol partially stimulates adrenal activity to suppress cell proliferation in rats. Estradiol enhances N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor ...
Koch A M - - 2003
The ability to use magnetic nanoparticles for cell tracking, or for the delivery of nanoparticle-based therapeutic agents, requires a detailed understanding of probe metabolism and transport. Here we report on the development and metabolism of a dual fluorochrome version of our tat-CLIO nanoparticle termed Tat(FITC)-Cy3.5-CLIO. The nanoparticle features an FITC ...
Wada Kuniyasu - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracisternal basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) enhances sensorimotor recovery after focal cerebral infarction in rats. One possible mechanism is stimulation of endogenous progenitor cells in brain. We investigated the effects of intracisternal bFGF on brain progenitor cells after stroke. METHODS: Proliferating brain cells were labeled with bromodeoxyuridine ...
Macallan Derek C - - 2003
During acute infectious mononucleosis (AIM), large clones of Epstein-Barr virus-specific T lymphocytes are produced. To investigate the dynamics of clonal expansion, we measured cell proliferation during AIM using deuterated glucose to label DNA of dividing cells in vivo, analyzing cells according to CD4, CD8 and CD45 phenotype. The proportion of ...
Dziewczapolski G - - 2003
We investigated the survival, distribution and differentiation capabilities of adult rat hippocampus-derived progenitor cells (AHPs) by grafting them into either the intact or dopamine (DA)-denervated adult rat striatum (ST). Furthermore, we tested the effects of the in vivo administration of retinoic acid (RA) on the differentiation of the grafted cells. ...
Bao Chunying - - 2003
In white-rumped munia, early auditory experience is critical for normal song development. New neurons are constantly added to the telencephalon in juveniles. We examined the potential role of auditory experience in regulating the developmental changes in the song nuclei and the survival of newborn cells. We chose two special days, ...
McMahon S S - - 2003
Studies on nuclear volume have shown that it is an indication of the state of differentiation of cells. This study provides evidence indicating increasing nuclear volume during cell maturation. Using unbiased stereological techniques, nuclear volume of both proliferating and non-proliferating glial cells was analysed in the developing spinal cord. Proliferating ...
Yamasoba Tatsuya - - 2003
Cell proliferation in the cochleae of guinea pigs and rats was investigated after systemic application of kanamycin sulfate (KM) and ethacrynic acid (EA). Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected daily for 10 days, after which the number of BrdU-positive cells was counted in paraffin sections of the cochlea. Only a few BrdU-positive ...
Chen Jeng Chang - - 2003
Alternatives to the use of radioisotopes to measure cell proliferation in mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLR) are desirable to avoid the hazards and costs associated with radioisotope use. The versatile fluorochrome 5,6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) has been used to measure MLR and provides the opportunity to measure several different growth ...
Ormerod B K - - 2003
Reproductive status influences cell proliferation and the survival of new cells in the dentate gyrus of adult laboratory-reared and wild female meadow voles; reproductively inactive (RI) females have more proliferating cells and more labeled cells that survive 5 weeks vs. 2 h than reproductively active (RA) females. However, the effect ...
Absil Philippe - - 2003
The male European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) is an open-ended learner that increases its repertoire throughout life. In parallel, the volume of high vocal center (HVC) is larger in older birds than in yearlings. We labeled with the thymidine analog 5'-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) the cells that are generated during the fall in ...
Ríos-Blanco Melva N - - 2003
Long-term exposure of rodents to propylene oxide (PO) induced inflammation, respiratory cell hyperplasia, and nasal tumors at concentrations >/= 300 ppm, suggesting a possible role for cytotoxicity and compensatory cell proliferation in PO carcinogenesis. In this study, the effects of PO exposure on histopathology and cell proliferation in nasal and ...
Zhu Hong - - 2003
Proliferating cells are hardly detectable in the adult mammalian brain by microscopy of stained sections, but after pre-labeling with radioactive thymidine or 5'-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU), either marks the nucleus, as do mitosis-related proteins such as Ki67 and PCNA. Engineered virus may also be used to mark proliferating cells. One alternative approach ...
Malberg Jessica E - - 2003
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis has been demonstrated in several species and is regulated by both environmental and pharmacological stimuli. The present study seeks to determine whether hippocampal proliferation and neurogenesis are altered in adult animals exposed to inescapable shock (IS) in the learned helplessness model of depression. We report that exposure ...
Song Miyeoun - - 2003
An in vitro test system using primary testis cells of the medaka (Oryzias latipes) was established that provides quantitative data on cell proliferation and spermatocyte differentiation. The primary cultures were characterised over a period of 2 days with respect to cell viability and the distribution of adherent and suspended cells. ...
Lewandowski T A - - 2003
5'-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling was employed to explore the effects of methylmercury (MeHg) on cell cycle kinetics in the developing rat midbrain during gestational days (GDs) 11 to 14. Contrary to what has been previously reported in mice, no effects of MeHg on cell cycle kinetics were observed up to embryonic ...
Lang H - - 2003
Atrophy of the stria vascularis and spiral ligament and an associated decrease in the endocochlear potential (EP) are significant factors in age-related hearing loss (presbyacusis). To model this EP decrease, furosemide was delivered into the round-window niche of young adult gerbils by osmotic pump for seven days, chronically reducing the ...
Becker Matthias D - - 2003
PURPOSE: Dendritic cells and macrophages are phagocytic antigen-presenting cells that bridge the innate and acquired immune systems. The coexistence of subtypes of dendritic cells and macrophages with overlapping properties complicates resolution of their precise roles in an immune response within a given tissue. This report documents a method to identify ...
Ormerod B K - - 2003
In the dentate gyrus of adult female meadow voles, a high dose of estradiol benzoate (EB) increases (within 4 h) then decreases (within 48) the number of dividing progenitor cells (Ormerod BK, Galea LAM. 2001. Reproductive status regulates cell proliferation within the dentate gyrus of the adult female meadow vole: ...
Talic Nabeel F - - 2003
The epithelial rests of Malassez (ERM), remnants of Hertwig's epithelial root sheath, are found near the root surface in the periodontal ligament. The functional significance of the ERM is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the behavior of the ERM during experimental tooth movement. Tooth movement ...
Xi Jing Hua - - 2003
alphaA-Crystallin (alphaA) is a molecular chaperone expressed preferentially in the lens. alphaA transcripts are first detected during the early stages of lens development and its synthesis continues as the lens grows throughout life. alphaA(-/-) mouse lenses are smaller than controls, and lens epithelial cells derived from these mice have diminished ...
Lewandowski Thomas A - - 2003
We employed 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling to identify in vivo changes in the cell cycle patterns of the rat midbrain during the major period of midbrain organogenesis, gestational days (gd) 11 to 16. We also used quantitative stereology to determine changes in absolute cell numbers during these gestational time points. Between ...
Park Chan - - 2003
We investigated the effect of chronic blocking nitric oxide synthase (NOS), an enzyme producing NO from L-arginine, on granule cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of adult rats under normal conditions. We treated 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) for 5, 15, and 25 days or N-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) for 25 days to block ...
Dunaway George - - 2003
The role of apoptosis and proliferation in maintenance of cochlear lateral wall cells was examined. The methods employed for detection of apoptosis were the Hoechst fluorescence stain and TUNEL (TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end-labeling) assay, and proliferations were 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation and presence of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen. The incidence of ...
Blanquaert Frédéric - - 2003
A family of heparan-like polymers, RGTAs, was shown to promote repair of various tissues. Like heparin and heparan-sulfates, RGTAs potentiate in vitro the biological activities of heparin-binding growth factors (HBGFs) and protect them against proteolytic degradation. It was postulated that RGTAs stimulate bone healing by interacting with HBGFs released in ...
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