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Costa Fabricio F FF Cancer Biology and Epigenomics Program, Children’s Memorial Research Center and Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, 2300 Children’s Plaza, Chicago, IL 60614, USA. - - 2009
We have previously shown that the microenvironment of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) is able to change and reprogram aggressive cancer cells to a less aggressive state. Some mechanisms implicated in the phenotypic changes observed after this exposure are mainly associated with the Nodal signaling pathway, which plays a key ...
Bazhin Alexandr V - - 2010
Malignant melanoma is one of the most aggressive human neoplasms which develop from the malignant transformation of normal epithelial melanocytes and share the lineage with retinal cells. cGMP-phosphodiesterase 6 (PDE6) is one of the cancer-retina antigens newly identified in melanoma cells. Normally, PDE6 hydrolyzes the photoreceptor second messenger cGMP allowing ...
Vad Nikhil M NM Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1406 Coulter Drive, Amarillo, TX 79106, - - 2010
The aim of this study was to identify a phenolic prodrug compound that is minimally metabolized by rat liver microsomes, but yet could form quinone reactive intermediates in melanoma cells as a result of its bioactivation by tyrosinase. In current work, we investigated 24 phenolic compounds for their metabolism by ...
Kornspan Jonathan D - - 2010
Mycoplasma hyorhinis (strain MCLD) was recently isolated from a melanoma cell culture. Growth of MCLD was considerably improved by 24 serial passages in a modified Hayflick's mycoplasma medium. Transmission electron microscopy showed that MCLD exhibits a polymorphic appearance, with ovoid or elongated cells frequently harboring an electron-dense core at one ...
Jenei Veronika - - 2009
The influential role of Wnt5a in tumor progression underscores the requirement for developing molecules that can target Wnt5a-mediated cellular responses. In the aggressive skin cancer, melanoma, elevated Wnt5a expression promotes cell motility and drives metastasis. Two approaches can be used to counteract these effects: inhibition of Wnt5a expression or direct ...
Yoshioka Norihito - - 2009
Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary often shows resistance to anticancer agents. We investigated new molecules to use when developing molecular-targeting therapy for clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary. RMG-I cells without invasive potential and RMG-V cells with invasive potential (derived from clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary) were subjected ...
Martinez-Alonso M - - 2009
Somatostatin analogues (SAs) are potential anticancer agents. This study was designed to investigate the expression of somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) in melanoma cells and the effect of two SAs on cell proliferation and viability. Eighteen primary and metastatic human cutaneous melanoma cell lines were treated with octreotide and SOM230. Expression of ...
Lee Sophia B - - 2010
ADAM10 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10) is involved in the ectodomain shedding of various substrates, including adhesion molecules such as L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1-CAM) and CD44, which are known to have important roles in the development of malignant melanoma. In our study, we characterized the expression of ADAM10 in ...
Luzar Bostjan - - 2010
The present manuscript gives emphasis on recognizing different morphological variants of atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX), on validation of immunohistochemical markers and on discussing potential diagnostic pitfalls. Histological features analyzed in 66 AFXs were: ulceration, morphological variants, growth pattern, location in the skin and vascular/perineural invasion. The antibodies used were CK-MNF116, CK-AE1/AE3, ...
Tzukert K - - 2010
Anchorage-independence is a hallmark of metastatic cancer cells. In previous studies we characterized a novel model for anchorage-independence employing dynamic matrix detachment (DMD) using rotation in low shear stress conditions. We observed that in contrast to the classical apoptosis-inducing static matrix detachment (SMD) model, the venous circulation-mimicking DMD model induced ...
Valiahdi Seied Mojtaba - - 2009
The antineoplastic properties of gallium are well documented. Owing to their robust accumulation of gallium, melanoma cells should be amenable to gallium-based anticancer drugs. With the aim of improving the disappointingly low activity of inorganic gallium salts, we have developed the orally bioavailable gallium complex KP46 [tris(8-quinolinolato)gallium(III)] that had already ...
Umezu Tomokazu - - 2010
Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan that is bound to the cell membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor, and glypicans can regulate the activity of a wide variety of growth and survival factors. We report here that GPC3 was expressed in clear cell carcinoma of the ovary, and not ...
Tai Sorgan Shou-Ku - - 2009
In our previous study, 8-hydroxydaidzein (8-OHDe) was demonstrated to be a potent and unique suicide substrate of mushroom tyrosinase. In this study, the compound was evaluated for in vitro cellular tyrosinase and melanogenesis inhibitory activities in mouse B16 melanoma cells and for in vivo skin-whitening activity in human volunteers. Tyrosinase ...
Felicetti Federica F Department of Hematology, Oncology and Molecular Medicine, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena, Rome, - - 2009
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), a member of the caveolin family, regulates caveolae-associated signaling proteins, which are involved in many biological processes, including cancer development. Cav-1 was found to exert a complex and ambiguous role as oncogene or tumor suppressor depending on the cellular microenvironment. Here we investigated Cav-1 expression and function in ...
Canedo T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Some adnexal tumours have many controversies about their histogenesis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the eccrine and/or apocrine differentiation phenotype in cases of cylindroma and clear cell hidradenoma with CD15 and p63 antibodies. METHODOLOGY: Slides and blocks of six cases of cylindroma and seven cases of nodular hidradenoma (clear cells) were ...
Araki Kenichiro K Department of General Surgical Science (Surgery I), Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan. - - 2009
It is well known that phosphoglucose isomerase/autocrine motility factor (AMF) promotes cell migration in an autocrine manner in various tumor cells. However, it remains unclear whether certain cytokines modulate the effects of AMF on tumor cell migration. Because interleukin (IL)-8, a proinflammatory cytokine, is produced by melanoma cells and has ...
Choi Tae-Young - - 2010
We obtained metastasized melanoma tissue from a primary acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) patient and established a melanoma cell line named primary culture of melanoma cell derived from lymph node (PML)-1. PML-1 cells had a light brown color and decreased the expression of melanogenesis markers, including tyrosinase (TYR), microphthalmia-associated transcription factor, ...
Botelho Michelle G - - 2010
The incidence of melanoma, the most aggressive type of skin cancer, is increasing dramatically, and an effective treatment for patients with advanced disease is as yet unavailable. Greater insight into the molecular features of primary and metastatic melanoma is required, particularly the identification of key regulatory genes that shield the ...
Fujii Takashi - - 2009
We investigated the effects of compounds isolated from a methanolic extract of rose hips on melanin biosynthesis in B16 mouse melanoma cells and the possible mechanisms responsible for the inhibition of melanin biosynthesis. We found that, among the isolated compounds, quercetin was a particularly potent melanogenesis inhibitor. To reveal the ...
Pizzoni C - - 2009
Clear-cell meningioma (CCM) is a rare subtype of meningioma which occurs at a younger age and has a higher recurrence rate than other subtypes (WHO grade II). CCM usually occur in younger patients and is located in the posterior fossa and spine. The authors report the first case of olfactory ...
O'Connell Michael P - - 2009
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are important modulators for optimizing signal transduction of many pathways, including the Wnt pathways. We demonstrate that HSPG glycosaminoglycan levels increased with increasing metastatic potential of melanoma cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that Wnt5A increases the invasiveness of melanoma cells. We further demonstrate that HSPGs potentiate ...
Mabuchi Seiji S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan. - - 2009
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) plays a central role in cell proliferation and is regarded as a promising target in cancer therapy, including for ovarian cancer. This study aimed to examine the role of mTOR as a therapeutic target in clear cell carcinoma of the ovary, which is regarded as ...
Zhao Baozhong B Laboratory of Pharmacology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC, - - 2009
Nanoparticles have been explored recently as an efficient means of delivering photosensitizers for cancer diagnosis and photodynamic therapy (PDT). Silicon phthalocyanine 4 (Pc4) is currently being clinically tested as a photosensitizer for PDT. Unfortunately, Pc4 aggregates in aqueous solutions, which dramatically reduces its PDT efficacy and therefore limits its clinical ...
Gabellini Chiara - - 2009
We examined the autocrine/paracrine role of interleukin-8 (CXCL8) and the functional significance of CXCL8 receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2, in human malignant melanoma proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis. We found that a panel of seven cell lines, even though at different extent, secreted CXCL8 protein, and expressed CXCR1 and CXCR2 independently ...
Yang Hua H Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, - - 2010
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is known to be an angiogenesis suppressor and to have antitumor effects. This study investigates whether constitutive overexpression of PEDF inhibits the growth and hepatic micrometastasis of ocular melanoma. Real-time RT-PCR was used to detect endogenous PEDF expression in human uveal melanoma cell lines and mouse ...
Baljinnyam Erdene - - 2009
Melanoma, the most malignant form of human skin cancer, has a poor prognosis due to its strong metastatic ability. It was recently demonstrated that Epac, an effector molecule of cAMP, is involved in regulating cell migration; however, the role of Epac in melanoma cell migration remains unclear. We thus examined ...
Jakobiec Frederick A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate with immunohistochemical methods 5 atypical melanocytic conjunctival lesions. METHODS: This was a retrospective clinicoimmunopathologic study. Routine histochemical staining was performed with multiparametric immunohistochemical analysis with monoclonal antibodies immunoreacted on paraffin sections to identify the following cell antigens: S-100, MART-1, HMB-45, CD45, CD68, CD1a, lysozyme, and Ki-67 (nuclear ...
Ciuffreda Ludovica - - 2009
The Raf/MEK/ERK pathway is an important mediator of tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis. Here, we investigated the growth-inhibitory and antiangiogenic properties of PD0325901, a novel MEK inhibitor, in human melanoma cells. PD0325901 effects were determined in a panel of melanoma cell lines with different genetic aberrations. PD0325901 markedly inhibited ERK ...
Levati Lauretta - - 2009
Altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been detected in cancer, suggesting that these small non-coding RNAs can act as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. In the present study, we investigated the expression of miRNA-17-5p, miRNA-18a, miRNA-20a, miRNA-92a, miRNA-146a, miRNA-146b and miRNA-155 by real-time quantitative RT-PCR in a panel of melanocyte ...
Lee Jung-hyun - - 2009
Syndecan-2, a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan, is a critical mediator in the tumorigenesis of colon carcinoma cells. We explored the function of syndecan-2 in melanoma, one of the most invasive types of cancers, and found that the expression of this protein was elevated in tissue samples from both nevus and ...
Kabuyama Yukihito - - 2009
RhoA controls changes in cell morphology and invasion associated with cancer phenotypes. Cell lines derived from melanoma tumors at varying stages revealed that RhoA is selectively activated in cells of metastatic origin. We describe a functional proteomics strategy to identify proteins regulated by RhoA and report a previously uncharacterized human ...
Risberg Karianne - - 2009
Malignant melanomas are generally drug resistant and have a very poor prognosis. We have studied the effects of a chemical conjugate of pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) and the antibody 9.2.27, which recognizes the high molecular weight melanoma associated antigen (HMW-MAA) expressed in most malignant melanomas and melanoma cell lines. We ...
Correa Zelia Maria da Silva - - 2009
PURPOSE: To access the reliability of fine-needle aspiration biopsy in harvesting a sufficient amount of viable melanoma cells to establish a cell culture and maintain a melanoma cell line from an animal model of uveal melanoma. METHODS: For this study, fifteen male New Zealand albino rabbits had their right eye ...
Conforti Filomena - - 2009
The present study describes the antiproliferative properties of Iris pseudopumila flowers and rhizomes extracts and fourteen constituents isolated from them. The in vitro cytotoxic activity assay against two human cancer cell lines, large lung carcinoma (CORL-23) and amelanotic melanoma (C32), showed that the most antiproliferative extract was the MeOH extract ...
Simoni Giuseppe - - 2009
Human amniotic fluid cells (H-AFC) have been used as a diagnostic tool for the prenatal diagnosis of fetal genetic anomalies for more than 50 years.In the early 1990s small nucleated cells, which were identified as he-matopoietic progenitors, were detected in the amniotic fluid. After this evidence several other scientific novelties ...
Kido Kenji - - 2009
Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a master gene regulating differentiation of melanocytes, and a lineage survival oncogene mediating pro-proliferative function in malignant melanoma. However, high expression of MITF also has an anti-proliferative effect. To clarify the therapeutic implication of MITF as a molecular target for human melanoma, we evaluated the ...
Wang Wei-Lien - - 2009
Unlike melanoma, clear cell sarcoma harbors either a t(12;22)(q13;q12) recurrent translocation, resulting in an EWSR1/ATF1 chimeric gene, or less commonly a t(2;22)(q34;q12) translocation fusing EWSR1 and CREB1. Few studies have examined the prevalence of all chimeric types and variants to assess the usage of ancillary genetic testing in routine diagnosis. ...
Schmit Travis L TL Department of Dermatology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2009
Melanoma, one of the most lethal forms of skin cancer, remains resistant to currently available treatments. Therefore, additional target-based approaches are needed for the management of this neoplasm. Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) has been shown to be a crucial regulator of mitotic entry, progression, and exit. Elevated Plk1 level has ...
Saito Noriko - - 2009
Melanoma has a high tendency to metastasize to lymph nodes, which is one of the clinicopathological factors to indicate poor prognosis. Recent investigations have shown the importance of lymphangiogenesis in lymph node metastasis in a variety of human tumors including melanoma. However, molecular mechanism of lymphatic metastasis is still poorly ...
Yamaoka Yuriko - - 2009
In this study, we examined the effects of theaflavins, polyphenols in black tea, on alpha melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alphaMSH)-induced melanogenesis in mouse B16 melanoma cells. Among theaflavins, theaflavin-3,3'-digallate (TF-3) exhibited a potent inhibitory effect on melanogenesis. Our results indicate that the inhibitory effect of TF-3 on melanogenesis is due to suppression ...
Mamoon Abdel-Megid - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising treatment for superficial cancer. However, poor therapeutic results have been reported for melanoma, due to the high melanin content. Indocyanine green (ICG) has near infrared absorption (700-800 nm) and melanins do not absorb strongly in this area. This study explores the efficiency of ...
Heng Daniel Y C - - 2009
The treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has changed dramatically with the introduction of targeted therapies against vascular endothelial growth factor and the mammalian target of rapamycin. Because patients with clear cell histology account for more than 80% of patients with RCC, little evidence is available on treating patients ...
Singh S S Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5845, - - 2009
The aggressiveness of malignant melanoma is associated with differential expression of CXCL-8 and its receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2. However, the precise functional role of these receptors in melanoma progression remains unclear. In this study, we investigate the precise functional role of CXCR1 and CXCR2 in melanoma progression. CXCR1 or CXCR2 ...
Yoon Na Young - - 2009
In this study, to assess the feasibility of phlorotannins isolated from Ecklonia cava as an inhibitor of melanin formation, we evaluated its inhibitory effects on mushroom tyrosinase and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX)-induced melanin formation inhibitory effects in B16F10 melanoma cell. The ethanolic (EtOH) extract and ethyl acetate (EtOAc) soluble fraction obtained from ...
Shimizu Kasumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Differentiation-inducing factor 1 [DIF-1; 1-(3,5-dichloro-2,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl) hexan-1-one] from Dictyostelium discoideum exhibits antiproliferative activity in mammalian cells. We have previously shown that phosphodiesterase 1 (PDE1) is a pharmacological target of DIF-1, but there are no reports of PDE1 in human malignant melanoma cells. Therefore, we characterized PDE1 in human malignant melanoma ...
Hu Dan-Ning - - 2009
Levels of eumelanin (EM) and pheomelanin (PM) of uveal melanoma cells have not been measured and compared with those of normal uveal melanocytes. EM and PM amounts in four immortal human uveal melanoma cell lines were measured by chemical degradation and microanalytical high-performance liquid chromatography and compared with those from ...
Sato Makito - - 2009
A magnetite nanoparticle, NPrCAP/M, was produced for intracellular hyperthermia treatment of melanoma by conjugating N-propionyl-cysteaminylphenol (NPrCAP) with magnetite and used for the study of selective targeting and degradation of melanoma cells. NPrCAP/M, like NPrCAP, was integrated as a substrate in the oxidative reaction by mushroom tyrosinase. Melanoma, but not non-melanoma, ...
Molina-Ortiz Isabel - - 2009
Melanoma cells express the chemokine receptor CXCR4 that confers high invasiveness upon binding to its ligand CXCL12. Melanoma cells at initial stages of the disease show reduction or loss of E-cadherin expression, but recovery of its expression is frequently found at advanced phases. We overexpressed E-cadherin in the highly invasive ...
Tan David S P DS Department of Histopathology and Gynecologic Oncology, The Breakthrough Breast Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Research, Royal Marsden Hospital, London, United - - 2009
To identify therapeutic targets in ovarian clear cell carcinomas, a chemoresistant and aggressive type of ovarian cancer. Twelve ovarian clear cell carcinoma cell lines were subjected to tiling path microarray comparative genomic hybridization and genome-wide expression profiling analysis. Regions of high-level amplification were defined and genes whose expression levels were ...
Medina Vanina A - - 2009
Histamine is a recognized growth factor in melanoma, and exogenous histamine produces a dual effect on proliferation. We have previously reported that histamine at micromolar concentrations reduces the proliferation of melanoma cell lines. To investigate the mechanism by which histamine inhibits proliferation of WM35 human melanoma cells, we have studied ...
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