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Results 351 - 400 of 1207
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Yee Chong Hong - - 2010
The air-liquid interface (ALI) is a common microenvironment of the skin, but it is unknown whether the ALI affects melanoma cell behaviors. Using a collagen gel invasion assay, immunohistochemistry, and Western blots, here we show that melanoma cell proliferation in cultures with an ALI is higher than melanoma cell proliferation ...
Rossi Stefania - - 2010
The anticancer potential of anthraquinones danthron and quinizarin on highly metastatic B16-F10 melanoma murine cells was investigated. Several parameters related to cell proliferation and differentiation, i.e. cell number, intracellular content of polyamines, transglutaminase (EC 2.3.2.13) activity and melanin synthesis were evaluated. Tumor cell growth was strongly reduced after treatment with ...
Sakaki Manabu - - 2010
Overexpression of galectin-3 in a variety of cancer cell lines has been shown to correlate with tumor progression and metastasis. In this study, we investigated the expression of galectin-3 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CC-RCC) and evaluated the relationship between galectin-3 expression levels and the clinicopathological features of CC-RCC. ...
Lesiak Karolina - - 2010
Metastatic melanoma is a highly life-threatening disease. The lack of response to radiotherapy and chemotherapy highlights the critical need for novel treatments. Parthenolide, an active component of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium), inhibits proliferation and kills various cancer cells mainly by inducing apoptosis. The aim of the study was to examine anticancer ...
Sezer Engin - - 2010
Clear cell Bowen's disease (BD) is a rare histopathological subtype of BD, characterized by epidermal atypical keratinocytes with clear-cell changes exceeding 80% of the tumor population. Warty and clear cell Bowen's disease (WCCBD) is a recently described variant of clear cell BD, with verrucous and hyperkeratotic surface changes in addition ...
Suzuki Nao - - 2010
Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary often shows resistance to anticancer agents. It accounts for 20% of epithelial ovarian cancer in Japan versus around 5% in other countries. We investigated new molecules to use when developing molecular-targeting therapy for clear cell adenocarcinoma. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and Western blot ...
Saldana-Caboverde Amy A Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL, - - 2010
Endothelin (Edn) signaling via the G-coupled, Edn receptor type B (Ednrb) is essential for the development of melanocytes from the neural crest (NC) and has been associated with melanoma progression. Edn3 plays varying roles during melanocyte development, promoting the proliferation and self-renewal of NC-derived multi- and bi-potential precursors as well ...
M?ller Matthias - - 2010
During the progression of cutaneous melanomas, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) facilitate the tumour cells to traverse the basement membrane and invade the dermis. In this study, we analysed the expression of MMP19 in the course of melanoma progression. Although MMP19 was absent in melanocytes and melanoma cells of early stages of ...
Herawi Mehsati - - 2010
Although clear cell adenocarcinoma have been described focally mimicking nephrogenic adenoma, we have identified a subset of clear cell adenocarcinoma that diffusely resembles nephrogenic adenoma (nephrogenic adenoma-like clear cell adenocarcinoma). Twelve classic clear cell adenocarcinomas of the bladder and urethra and 7 nephrogenic adenoma-like clear cell adenocarcinomas were compared to ...
Wakayama Sayaka - - 2010
Nuclear transfer-derived ES (ntES) cell lines can be established from somatic cell nuclei with a relatively high success rate. Although ntES cells have been shown to be equivalent to ES cells, there are ethical objections concerning human cells, such as the use of fresh oocyte donation from young healthy woman. ...
Thier Marc - - 2010
The generation of human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells would represent an appealing option for the derivation of pluripotent patient-specific cells, as no embryos or oocytes are required. However, crucial safety issues have to be addressed in order to create human iPS cells that are clinically useful, as the classical ...
Boiani Michele - - 2010
As science advances, old ideas once considered dogmas are called into question by new observations that reshape our understanding of the biology and evolution of mammals. The fate of embryonic cells has long been considered as sealed, in mammals, at the stage of gastrulation, when the soma (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm) ...
Krueger Winfried H - - 2010
Pluripotent cells of the blastocyst inner cell mass (ICM) and their in vitro derivatives, embryonic stem (ES) cells, contain genomes in an epigenetic state that are poised for subsequent differentiation. Their chromatin is hyperdynamic in nature and relatively uncondensed. In addition, a large number of genes are expressed at low ...
Hongo Takayuki - - 2010
2-Aminophenoxazine-3-one (Phx-3) induced cellular apoptosis in mouse melanoma B16 cells as detected by DNA laddering and upregulated Fas expression in the cells in vitro. Next, the anti-metastatic effects of Phx-3 were investigated in C56BL/6 mice. When B16 melanoma cells were injected into the tail veins of mice, significant metastasis of ...
Chen Miao-Ju - - 2010
Uveal melanoma, the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults, is highly resistant to most chemotherapeutic drugs. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is known to inhibit ocular melanoma cell growth. However, the effects of ATO on human uveal melanoma cells are poorly understood. Therefore, this study evaluated the mechanisms of ATO and ...
Goto-Kazeto Rie - - 2010
Primordial germ cells (PGCs) generate gametes, the only cells that can transmit genetic information to the next generation. A previous report demonstrated that a fusion construct of green fluorescent protein (gfp) and zebrafish nos 1 3UTR mRNA could be used to label PGCs in a number of fish species. Here, ...
Siripattarapravat Kannika - - 2010
The success of nuclear reprogramming following somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is thought to depend on factors present in the egg. Little is known about the role - if any - played by the somatic cell type on the outcome of the procedure. We tested whether cells of different lineages ...
Lorthongpanich Chanchao - - 2010
Nuclear reprogramming, the conversion of the epigenome of a differentiated cell to one that is similar to the undifferentiated embryonic state, can be facilitated by several methods, such as nuclear transfer, cell fusion, use of embryonic stem cell extracts, and more recently, by the introduction of exogenous transcription factors. Amongst ...
Choi Hyun-Woo - - 2010
Somatic cells can obtain pluripotency by fusion with pluripotent stem cells. The resulting fusion hybrids display pluripotential characteristics, such as inactivation of tissue-specific genes, differentiation potential to all three germ layers, and a specific epigenetic state corresponding to the pluripotent cells. However, the fusion hybrid cells are not identical to ...
Dancer Jane Y - - 2010
CONTEXT: Galectin-3, a member of the lectin family, was shown to be expressed in normal distal tubular cells and in renal cell carcinomas (RCC). However, its diagnostic and prognostic significance in RCC is as yet undefined. OBJECTIVES: To describe the expression of Galectin-3 among different histologic subtypes of renal neoplasms ...
Cheung Melissa C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Few treatment options exist for patients with metastatic melanoma, resulting in poor prognosis. One standard treatment, dacarbazine (DTIC), shows low response rates ranging from 15 to 25 percent with an 8-month median survival time. The development of targeted therapeutics with novel mechanisms of action may improve patient outcome. Ribosome-inactivating ...
Tejos Ricardo I - - 2010
The basic body plan of a plant is established early in embryogenesis when cells differentiate, giving rise to the apical and basal regions of the embryo. Using chlorophyll fluorescence as a marker for chloroplasts, we have detected specific patterns of chloroplast-containing cells at specific stages of embryogenesis. Non-randomly distributed chloroplast-containing ...
Galus Ryszard - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluvastatin on the alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone-mediated increase in tyrosinase activity in the melanoma B16F10 cell line and to establish whether Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) inhibition is involved in tyrosinase synthesis after fluvastatin administration. Fluvastatin modulates alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone induced ...
Navarini Alexander A - - 2010
The mechanisms for the development of acquired melanocytic nevi remain mostly unclear. Here we report a case of eruptive nevi that developed after localized superficial trauma, and review the currently known cellular and triggering factors for acquired melanocytic nevi. A 66-year-old woman presented a linear arrangement of pigmented macules on ...
Prasmickaite Lina - - 2010
Malignant melanoma is an exceptionally aggressive, drug-resistant and heterogeneous cancer. Recently it has been shown that melanoma cells with high clonogenic and tumourigenic abilities are common, but markers distinguishing such cells from cells lacking these abilities have not been identified. There is therefore no definite evidence that an exclusive cell ...
Matarrese Paola - - 2010
Cathepsins represent a group of proteases involved in determining the metastatic potential of cancer cells. Among these are cysteinyl- (e.g. cathepsin B and cathepsin L) and aspartyl-proteases (e.g. cathepsin D), normally present inside the lysosomes as inactive proenzymes. Once released in the extracellular space, cathepsins contribute to metastatic potential by ...
Meierjohann Svenja - - 2010
Melanoma cells are usually characterized by a strong proliferative potential and efficient invasive migration. Among the multiple molecular changes that are recorded during progression of this disease, aberrant activation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) is often observed. Activation of matrix metalloproteases goes along with RTK activation and usually enhances RTK-driven ...
Clark Peter E - - 2010
Advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains a challenging, major health problem. Recent advances in understanding the fundamental biology underlying one form of RCC, ie, clear cell (or conventional) RCC, have opened the door to a series of targeted agents, such as the tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), which have become the ...
Yu Ji Sun - - 2010
Pigmentation in human skin is an important defense mechanism against sunlight or oxidative stress. Despite the protective role of melanin, abnormal hyperpigmentation such as freckles and chloasma sometimes can be serious aesthetic problems. Because of these effects of hyperpigmentation, people have considered the effect of depigmentation. Azelaic acid (AZ) is ...
Briggs Jon J - - 2010
High activity of cysteine proteases such as legumain and the cathepsins have been shown to facilitate growth and invasion of a variety of tumor types. In breast cancer, several recent studies have indicated that loss of the cysteine protease inhibitor cystatin E/M leads to increased growth and metastasis. Although cystatin ...
Wang Yixiang - - 2010
Melanoma incidence is on the rise and advanced melanoma carries an extremely poor prognosis. Treatment options, including chemotherapy and immunotherapy, are limited and offer low response rates and transient efficacy. Thus, identification of new melanocyte/melanoma antigens that serve as potential novel candidate biomarkers in melanoma is an important area for ...
Fan Jun - - 2010
CD9, a member of the tetraspanin family, functions as an organizer in "tetraspanin webs," through interacting with other cell adhesion molecules. It plays a role in differentiation, fertilization, and cell migration. We investigated the expression and function of CD9 in melanoma. CD9 protein expression in B16 mouse melanoma and six ...
von Moeller Friederike - - 2010
Lamins are nuclear intermediate filament proteins. They are involved in most nuclear activities and are essential for retaining the mechano-elastic properties of the nucleus. Somatic cells of vertebrates express lamins A, B1 and B2 while lamin LIII, a major component of the amphibian oocyte lamina is absent in mammals. The ...
Gonzalez-Roca Eva - - 2010
Expression profiling, the measurement of all transcripts of a cell or tissue type, is currently the most comprehensive method to describe their physiological states. Given that accurate profiling methods currently available require RNA amounts found in thousands to millions of cells, many fields of biology working with specialized cell types ...
Ström Susanne - - 2010
The large number (30) of permanent human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines and additional 29 which did not continue growing, in our laboratory at Karolinska Institutet have given us a possibility to analyse the relationship between embryo morphology and the success of derivation of hESC lines. The derivation method has ...
Xi Jiafei - - 2010
In guiding hES cell technology toward the clinic, one key issue to be addressed is to culture and maintain hES cells much more safely and economically in large scale. In order to avoid using mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) we isolated human fetal liver stromal cells (hFLSCs) from 14 weeks human ...
Chankitisakul Vibuntita V Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, - - 2010
This paper aimed to study the dynamics of early embryonic development, in terms of redistribution of cytoskeleton (microtubules, actin microfilaments) and chromatin configurations during the first cell cycle in swamp buffalo embryos. Oocytes were matured and fertilized in vitro, and they were fixed at various time points after IVF. At ...
Wernery Ulrich U Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Dubai, United Arab - - 2010
The Houbara bustard (Chlamydotis undulata) is a wild seasonal breeding bird populating arid sandy semi-desert habitats in North Africa and the Middle East. Its population has declined drastically during the last two decades and it is classified as vulnerable. Captive breeding programmes have, hitherto, been unsuccessful in reviving population numbers ...
Waks Z Z Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2010
During the past decade, it has become increasingly evident that there is variation in the transcriptome of genetically identical cells, even when grown in homogenous environments. This cell-to-cell variability has been shown to have a central role in processes ranging from stem cell differentiation to chemotherapy resistance. Given that many ...
Horie Kazutaka - - 2010
The overexpression of secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is associated with increased aggressiveness and poor prognosis in malignant melanoma. Its roles and underlying mechanisms on melanoma cell growth, however, are not fully clarified. To validate the potential of SPARC as a therapeutic target, we examined the effect ...
Wong Yong - - 2010
4'-Ester analogs of the disease preventative agent resveratrol were synthesized and evaluated for their potential as anti-melanoma and pancreatic cancer agents. A decarbonylative Heck coupling was used to assemble the protected stilbene core structure. The 4'-acetate and the palmitoate analogs demonstrated selective activity with DM443 and DM738 cells over normal ...
Paulitschke Verena - - 2010
Stilbenes comprise a group of polyphenolic compounds, which exert inhibitory effects on various malignancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antitumor effects of a previously unreported stilbene derivative-3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexahydroxystilbene, termed M8-on human melanoma cells. Cell-cycle analysis of the metastatic melanoma cell line M24met showed that M8 treatment induces ...
Kenessey Istv?n - - 2009
Heparin and its derivatives have been shown to inhibit angiogenesis and metastasis formation. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of heparin fragments containing 4 to 22 monomers on human melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro as well as on the in vivo metastatic potential in a SCID mouse model. ...
Hav Monirath - - 2009
Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is a rare neoplasm reported to have a favourable prognosis because of its slow-growing behaviour. Ignored and misdiagnosed in the past, SPN has recently been increasingly studied. Its clear cell variant creates challenges in distinction from other clear cell tumours in the pancreas. We ...
Song Hyunkeun - - 2009
Melanoma is the most fatal form of skin cancer due to its rapid metastasis. Recently, several studies reported that selenium can induce apoptosis in melanoma cells. However, the precise mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effect of selenium on cell proliferation in murine melanoma and ...
Costa Fabricio F FF Cancer Biology and Epigenomics Program, Children’s Memorial Research Center and Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, 2300 Children’s Plaza, Chicago, IL 60614, USA. - - 2009
We have previously shown that the microenvironment of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) is able to change and reprogram aggressive cancer cells to a less aggressive state. Some mechanisms implicated in the phenotypic changes observed after this exposure are mainly associated with the Nodal signaling pathway, which plays a key ...
Bazhin Alexandr V - - 2010
Malignant melanoma is one of the most aggressive human neoplasms which develop from the malignant transformation of normal epithelial melanocytes and share the lineage with retinal cells. cGMP-phosphodiesterase 6 (PDE6) is one of the cancer-retina antigens newly identified in melanoma cells. Normally, PDE6 hydrolyzes the photoreceptor second messenger cGMP allowing ...
Vad Nikhil M NM Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1406 Coulter Drive, Amarillo, TX 79106, - - 2010
The aim of this study was to identify a phenolic prodrug compound that is minimally metabolized by rat liver microsomes, but yet could form quinone reactive intermediates in melanoma cells as a result of its bioactivation by tyrosinase. In current work, we investigated 24 phenolic compounds for their metabolism by ...
Kornspan Jonathan D - - 2010
Mycoplasma hyorhinis (strain MCLD) was recently isolated from a melanoma cell culture. Growth of MCLD was considerably improved by 24 serial passages in a modified Hayflick's mycoplasma medium. Transmission electron microscopy showed that MCLD exhibits a polymorphic appearance, with ovoid or elongated cells frequently harboring an electron-dense core at one ...
Jenei Veronika - - 2009
The influential role of Wnt5a in tumor progression underscores the requirement for developing molecules that can target Wnt5a-mediated cellular responses. In the aggressive skin cancer, melanoma, elevated Wnt5a expression promotes cell motility and drives metastasis. Two approaches can be used to counteract these effects: inhibition of Wnt5a expression or direct ...
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