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Goorden Susanna M I - - 2011
Comment on: Goorden SM, et al. Mol Cell Biol 2011; 31:1672-8.
Shigetomi Hiroshi - - 2011
Recent data have provided information regarding the profiles of clear cell carcinoma of the ovary (CCC) with adenine-thymine rich interactive domain 1A (ARID1A) mutations. The purpose of this review was to summarize current knowledge regarding the molecular mechanisms involved in CCC tumorigenesis and to describe the central role played by ...
Efe Jem A - - 2011
Comment on: Efe JA, et al. Nat Cell Biol 2011; 13:215-22.
Vogel Bruce E - - 2011
Interactions between extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and their transmembrane receptors mediate cytoskeletal reorganization and corresponding changes in cell shape during cell migration, adhesion, differentiation and polarization. Cytokinesis is the final step in cell division as cells employ a contractile ring composed of actin and myosin to partition one cell into ...
Barraclough Nick E - - 2011
Research describing the cellular coding of faces in non-human primates often provides the underlying physiological framework for our understanding of face processing in humans. Models of face perception, explanations of perceptual after-effects from viewing particular types of faces, and interpretation of human neuroimaging data rely on monkey neurophysiological data and ...
Huang Zhouwei - - 2011
Due to the risks to the foetus with invasive prenatal diagnosis, non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) is gaining tremendous interest but no reliable method that can be widely used has been developed to date. Manipulation of foetal cells and foetal cell-free genetic material in the maternal blood are two promising approaches ...
Sørensen K P - - 2011
Objectives:  The number of germ cells and somatic cells in human embryonic and foetal gonads has previously been estimated by stereological methods, which are time- and labour-consuming with little information concerning cell proliferation. Here, we studied whether flow cytometry could be applied as an easier method, also enabling estimation of ...
Vassiliev Ivan - - 2011
Abstract We report here the establishment and characterization of putative porcine embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos (NT-ESCs). These cells had a similar morphology to that described previously by us for ESCs derived from in vitro produced embryos, namely, a polygonal shape, a relatively ...
Heredia Fabiana - - 2011
Epithelial plasticity is crucial during embryonic development and progression of carcinomas. In this issue, Abell et al. (2011) show that acetylation on histones H2A/H2B prevents epithelial cells from undergoing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Their findings also suggest that under conditions where EMT and stemness coexist, they can be independently regulated.
Pasque Vincent V Wellcome Trust Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
How various layers of epigenetic repression restrict somatic cell nuclear reprogramming is poorly understood. The transfer of mammalian somatic cell nuclei into Xenopus oocytes induces transcriptional reprogramming of previously repressed genes. Here, we address the mechanisms that restrict reprogramming following nuclear transfer by assessing the stability of the inactive X ...
Le Lu Q LQ Departments of Developmental Biology and Dermatology, Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9133, USA. - - 2011
Stem cells are under strict regulation by both intrinsic factors and the microenvironment. There is increasing evidence that many cancers initiate through acquisition of genetic mutations (loss of intrinsic control) in stem cells or their progenitors, followed by alterations of the surrounding microenvironment (loss of extrinsic control). In neurofibromatosis type ...
Long Terri A - - 2011
Plants react to abiotic stress with a number of physiological, biochemical, and developmental alterations. These responses include changes in signaling components, gene transcription, non-coding RNAs, proteins, and metabolites that occur in a cell-type and tissue-specific manner. Recent advances in cell-type specifically isolating protoplasts and nuclei from plants, extracting mRNA from ...
Del Bene Filippo - - 2011
Interkinetic nuclear migration (INM) is a common feature of developing neuroepithelia, consisting of the periodic movement of the cell nucleus in phase with cell-cycle progression. In this issue of The EMBO Journal, Kosodo et al provide a first molecular mechanism to couple nuclear migration and cell cycle: the microtubule-associated protein ...
Tavana Hossein - - 2011
We introduce a non-contact approach to microprint multiple types of feeder cells in a microarray format using immiscible aqueous solutions of two biopolymers. Droplets of cell suspension in the denser aqueous phase are printed on a substrate residing within a bath of the immersion aqueous phase. Due to their affinity ...
Kimura T - - 2011
Primordial germ cells (PGCs) are the founder cells of all gametes. PGCs differentiate from pluripotent epiblasts cells by mesodermal induction signals during gastrulation. Although PGCs are unipotent cells that eventually differentiate into only sperm or oocytes, they dedifferentitate to pluripotent stem cells known as embryonic germ cells (EGCs) in vitro ...
Offermann Sascha - - 2011
Bienertia sinuspersici is one of only three higher land plant species known to perform C 4 photosynthesis without Kranz anatomy through partitioning of photosynthetic functions between dimorphic chloroplasts in a single photosynthetic cell. We recently reported the successful separation of the two chloroplast types, and biochemical and functional analyses revealed ...
Heinrich Erica C - - 2011
Animals reared in hypoxic environments frequently exhibit smaller body sizes than when reared under normal atmospheric oxygen concentrations. The mechanisms responsible for this widely documented pattern of body size plasticity are poorly known. We studied the ontogeny of responses of Drosophila melanogaster adult body size to hypoxic exposure. We hypothesized ...
Menchón Cristina - - 2011
The continued turn over of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) while maintaining an undifferentiated state is dependent on the regulation of the cell cycle. Here we asked the question if a single cell cycle gene could regulate the self-renewal or pluripotency properties of hESC. We identified that the protein expression ...
Kaneko Yui - - 2011
BACKGROUND Integrins are involved in the process of embryo-endometrium interaction during implantation. We investigated the localization of integrin β3 in the rat blastocyst and Ishikawa cells using an in vitro co-culture model of implantation. METHODS Zona pellucida-free rat blastocysts were co-cultured with the Ishikawa cells (endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line) to ...
Rattanasuk Surachai - - 2011
Widely used bovine sexing primers were compared in terms of suitability in determining the sex of bovine embryos. Under optimized multiplex PCR conditions, the ConBV/ConEY couple primers did not show accurate results when combined together in multiplex PCR, but worked well when the couple primers were used separately. The S4BF/S4BR ...
Ambros Victor V UMass Medical School, Molecular Medicine, 373 Plantation St, Worcester, MA 01605, USA. - - 2011
MicroRNAs regulate temporal transitions in gene expression associated with cell fate progression and differentiation throughout animal development. Genetic analysis of developmental timing in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans identified two evolutionarily conserved microRNAs, lin-4/mir-125 and let-7, that regulate cell fate progression and differentiation in C. elegans cell lineages. MicroRNAs perform analogous ...
Zhou Jin - - 2011
Adult stem cells are important cell sources in regenerative medicine, but isolating them is technically challenging. This study employed a novel strategy to generate stem-like corneal epithelial cells and promote the functional properties of these cells by coculture with embryonic stem cells. The primary corneal epithelial cells were labelled with ...
Kim Alison M AM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 250 E. Superior St., Suite 3-2303, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United - - 2011
In last few hours of maturation, the mouse oocyte takes up over twenty billion zinc atoms and arrests after the first meiotic division, until fertilization or pharmacological intervention stimulates cell cycle progression toward a new embryo. Using chemical and physical probes, we show that fertilization of the mature, zinc-enriched egg ...
Lovicu F J - - 2011
Growth factors play key roles in influencing cell fate and behaviour during development. The epithelial cells and fibre cells that arise from the lens vesicle during lens morphogenesis are bathed by aqueous and vitreous, respectively. Vitreous has been shown to generate a high level of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling ...
Yajima Mamiko - - 2011
Vasa is a broadly conserved ATP-dependent RNA helicase that functions in the germ line of organisms from cnidarians to mammals. Curiously, Vasa is also present in the somatic cells of many animals and functions as a regulator of multipotent cells. Here, we report a mitotic function of Vasa revealed in ...
Doss Michael Xavier - - 2011
The vertebrate early stage embryo is consisting of the three primary germ layers ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm, from which all organ tissues are developed. During early embryonic development, mesodermal cells become sequentially determined to more precisely defined cell types including muscle, heart, vasculature, blood, kidney, gonads, dermis and cartilage. How ...
Liu Dan D Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, - - 2011
Initial stages of embryonic development rely on rapid, synchronized cell divisions of the fertilized egg followed by a set of morphogenetic movements collectively called epiboly and gastrulation. Lzap is a putative tumor suppressor whose expression is lost in 30% of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. Lzap activities include regulation ...
Consolo F - - 2011
We present a computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based model aimed at the identification of optimized culture conditions promoting efficient cardiogenesis of hydrogel-bead-encapsulated embryonic stem cells (ESCs) within a rotating bioreactor. The numerical approach, integrating diffusion, convection, and multiphase fluid dynamics calculations, allowed to evaluate (i) the microgravity motion of the floating ...
McDole Katie - - 2011
The first lineage segregation in the pre-implantation mouse embryo gives rise to cells of the inner cell mass and the trophectoderm. Segregation into these two lineages during the 8-cell to 32-cell stages is accompanied by a significant amount of cell displacement, and as such it has been difficult to accurately ...
Wang Siyao S Faculty of Life Sciences, Michael Smith Building, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PT, - - 2011
In many organisms early embryogenesis is characterised by a period refractory to transcription. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the one-cell embryo is transcriptionally inactive, but at around eight-cell stage transcription is activated in the somatic lineage. This model suggests that histone tail modifications associated with activation of transcription, such as di- or ...
Szczepanska Katarzyna - - 2011
The ability of ICM to differentiate into TE is still a controversial issue. Many of authors have showed the reconstruction of TE from isolated ICMs. We showed that immunosurgical method is not 100% efficient and that the original TE cells very often remain on the surface of isolated ICMs. We ...
Shea N - - 2011
There is increasing evidence for epigenetically mediated transgenerational inheritance across taxa. However, the evolutionary implications of such alternative mechanisms of inheritance remain unclear. Herein, we show that epigenetic mechanisms can serve two fundamentally different functions in transgenerational inheritance: (i) selection-based effects, which carry adaptive information in virtue of selection over ...
Tomaskovic-Crook Eva - - 2011
There is a renewed enthusiasm for the clinical translation of human embryonic stem (hES) cells. This is abetted by putative clinically-compliant strategies for hES cell maintenance and directed differentiation, greater understanding of and accessibility to cells through formal cell registries and centralized cell banking for distribution, the revised US government ...
Yang Valerie S VS MRC Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison/MRC Research Centre, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XZ, - - 2011
Geminin is an essential cell-cycle protein that is only present from S phase to early mitosis in metazoan somatic cells. Genetic ablation of geminin in the mouse results in preimplantation embryonic lethality because pluripotent cells fail to form and all cells differentiate to trophoblast. Here we show that geminin is ...
Subramanyam Deepa - - 2011
The embryonic stem cell-specific cell cycle-regulating (ESCC) family of microRNAs (miRNAs) enhances reprogramming of mouse embryonic fibroblasts to induced pluripotent stem cells. Here we show that the human ESCC miRNA orthologs hsa-miR-302b and hsa-miR-372 promote human somatic cell reprogramming. Furthermore, these miRNAs repress multiple target genes, with downregulation of individual ...
Dubielecka Patrycja M PM Laboratory of Cell Signaling, New York Blood Center, New York, NY 10065, - - 2011
Abl interactor 1 (Abi1) plays a critical function in actin cytoskeleton dynamics through participation in the WAVE2 complex. To gain a better understanding of the specific role of Abi1, we generated a conditional Abi1-KO mouse model and MEFs lacking Abi1 expression. Abi1-KO cells displayed defective regulation of the actin cytoskeleton, ...
Lin Jiangwei - - 2011
The low success rate of somatic nuclear transfer (NT) is hypothesized to be mainly due to functional defects in the trophoblast cell lineage rather than the inner cell mass (ICM); this hypothesis, however, remains to be tested directly. Here we separated the ICMs from cloned blastocysts and aggregated the cloned ...
Fussner Eden - - 2011
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell reprogramming is a gradual epigenetic process that reactivates the pluripotent transcriptional network by erasing and establishing repressive epigenetic marks. In contrast to loci-specific epigenetic changes, heterochromatin domains undergo epigenetic resetting during the reprogramming process, but the effect on the heterochromatin ultrastructure is not known. Here, ...
VerMilyea Matthew D - - 2011
Transcriptome regionalization is an essential polarity determinant among metazoans, directing embryonic axis formation during normal development. Although conservation of this principle in mammals is assumed, recent evidence is conflicting and it is not known whether transcriptome asymmetries exist within unfertilized mammalian eggs or between the respective cleavage products of early ...
Kerney Ryan - - 2011
The association between embryos of the spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) and green algae ("Oophila amblystomatis" Lamber ex Printz) has been considered an ectosymbiotic mutualism. We show here, however, that this symbiosis is more intimate than previously reported. A combination of imaging and algal 18S rDNA amplification reveals algal invasion of ...
González Sheyla - - 2011
The first event of differentiation in mammalian embryogenesis is the segregation of the inner cell mass and trophectoderm lineages in the blastocyst. Cellular and molecular events related to this process are still a controversial issue. During the years it was thought that first allocation of blastomeres before the blastocyst stage ...
Hoya-Arias Ruben - - 2011
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can be used to study the early events in human development and, hopefully, to understand how to differentiate human pluripotent cells for clinical use. To define how L3MBTL1, a chromatin-associated polycomb group protein with transcriptional repressive activities, regulates early events in embryonic cell differentiation, we ...
Lengerke Claudia - - 2011
Cdx transcription factors regulate embryonic positional identities and have crucial roles in anteroposterior patterning (AP) processes of all three germ layers. Previously we have shown that the zebrafish homologues cdx1a and cdx4 redundantly regulate posterior mesodermal derivatives inducing embryonic blood cell fate specification and patterning of the embryonic kidney. Here ...
Row Richard H RH Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2011
The process of gastrulation is highly conserved across vertebrates on both the genetic and morphological levels, despite great variety in embryonic shape and speed of development. This mechanism spatially separates the germ layers and establishes the organizational foundation for future development. Mesodermal identity is specified in a superficial layer of ...
Hua Jinlian - - 2011
Abstract Male germline stem cells (mGSCs) are stem cells present in male testis responsible for spermatogenesis during their whole life. Studies have shown that mGSCs can be derived in vitro and resemble embryonic stem cells (ESCs) properties both in the mouse and humans. However, little is know about these cells ...
Ostrup Olga - - 2011
Abstract Initially, development of the zygote is under control of the oocyte ooplasm. However, it is presently unknown if and to what extent is the ooplasm able to interact with a transferred somatic cell from another species in the context of interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Here, one-cell stage ...
Uitto Jouni - - 2011
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells reprogrammed from somatic cells have the potential to differentiate, under appropriate conditions, to any cell type. Recent studies, including two papers in this issue (Bilousova et al., 2011; Tolar et al., 2011), have demonstrated that iPS cells can differentiate into keratinocytes. Thus, iPS cells may ...
Stuckey Daniel W DW Molecular Embryology Group, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, Du Cane Road, London, - - 2011
During development, the growth of the embryo must be coupled to its patterning to ensure correct and timely morphogenesis. In the mouse embryo, migration of the anterior visceral endoderm (AVE) to the prospective anterior establishes the anterior-posterior (A-P) axis. By analysing the distribution of cells in S phase, M phase ...
Tang Fuchou F Wellcome Trust/Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute of Cancer and Developmental Biology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2011
Dissecting the relationship between genotype and phenotype is one of the central goals in developmental biology and medicine. Transcriptome analysis is a powerful strategy to connect genotype to phenotype of a cell. Here we review the history, progress, potential applications and future developments of single-cell transcriptome analysis. In combination with ...
Pascut Flavius C FC University of Nottingham, School of Physics and Astronomy, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United - - 2011
Raman micro-spectroscopy (RMS) has been recently proposed for label-free phenotypic identification of human embryonic stem cells (hESC)-derived cardiomyocytes. However, the methods used for measuring the Raman spectra led to acquisition times of minutes per cell, which is prohibitive for rapid cell sorting applications. In this study we evaluated two measurement ...
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