Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 358
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >
Hung Wei-I WI Institute of Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 115 - - 2014
A series of new push-pull phenothiazine-based dyes (HL1-HL4) featuring various π spacers (thiophene, 3-hexylthiophene, 4-hexyl-2,2'-bithiophene) and double acceptors/anchors have been synthesized, characterized, and used as sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Among them, the best conversion efficiency (7.31 %) reaches approximately 99 % of the N719-based (7.38 %) DSSCs fabricated and measured under ...
Qiu Jichuan - - 2012
As a biocompatible and bioactive natural tissue engineering scaffold, porcine acellular dermal matrix (PADM) has limitations for the application in tissue regeneration due to its low strength and rapid biodegradation. Here, purified PADM was modified by a nontoxic cross-linker (genipin) to enhance its mechanical properties and improve its resistance to ...
Cappel Ute Barbara - - 2012
Solid state dye-sensitized solar cells (sDSCs) employing the hole conductor 2,2'7,7'-tetrakis-(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenyl-amine)-9,9'-spirobifluorene (spiro-MeOTAD) require the presence of oxygen during fabrication and storage. In this paper, we determine the concentrations of oxidized spiro-MeOTAD within devices under different operating and storage conditions by UV-visible spectroscopy. Relative concentrations of spiro-MeOTAD(+) were found to be ...
Pimenta Frederico M - - 2012
Controlling and quantifying the photosensitized production of singlet oxygen are key aspects in mechanistic studies of oxygen-dependent photoinitiated cell death. In this regard, the commonly accepted practice of using intracellular photosensitizers is, unfortunately, plagued by problems that include the inability to accurately (1) quantify the sensitizer concentration in the irradiated ...
Redshaw Zoe - - 2012
The physiological oxygen concentration of many tissues is far lower than that in which cells are typically cultured in vitro and this may inadvertently influence the proliferation and differentiation potential of many cell types. Muscle derived stem cells, known as satellite cells are responsible for the maintenance and repair of ...
Lee Jae Seong - - 2012
Previous research showed that co-down-regulation of caspase-3/7 in rCHO cells, unlike Bcl-2 overexpression, did not effectively block apoptotic cell death induced by 3mM sodium butyrate (NaBu). Here, it is found that the control of autophagy is also related to this different response to NaBu treatment. With NaBu treatment, co-down-regulation of ...
Wang Jing-Tao - - 2012
Two electrochemical signals of the MCF-7 cell were simultaneously detected by using multiwall carbon nanotubes and room temperature ionic liquid composite film modified electrode. The signal at +0.726 V due to the oxidation of xanthine and guanine, was obviously improved. And the signal at +1.053 V due to the oxidation ...
Uriu Koichiro - - 2012
Cell movement and intercellular signaling occur simultaneously during the development of tissues, but little is known about how movement affects signaling. Previous theoretical studies have shown that faster moving cells favor synchronization across a population of locally coupled genetic oscillators. An important assumption in these studies is that cells can ...
Kaida Atsushi - - 2012
Although oxygen is required for functional chromophore formation during the maturation process of fluorescent proteins, the effects of hypoxia on their fluorescence have rarely been studied in mammalian cells. We recently reported that severe hypoxia (pO(2)<0.1%) abrogates fluorescence from the fluorescent ubiquitination-based cell cycle indicator (Fucci) expressed in HeLa cells. ...
de Lima Prata K - - 2012
Background aims. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are being used to treat and prevent a variety of clinical conditions. To be readily available, MSC must be cryopreserved until infusion. However, the optimal cryopreservation methods, cryoprotector solutions and MSC sensitivity to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) exposure are unknown. This study investigated these issues. ...
Scerpa Maria Cristina - - 2012
Background aims. Immunomagnetic cell selection (ICS) of CD34(+) cells is being used increasingly in allogeneic transplantation in order to reduce T-cell quantity. The aim of this study was to evaluate an automated washing protocol before immunomagnetic selection. Methods. The automated method was compared with a conventional washing procedure. In the ...
Liu Huan - - 2012
On Her Majesty's Secrete Service: Oxygen reduction is an important process for microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and microbiologically-influenced corrosion (MIC). We demonstrate that flavins secreted by anode-respiring Shewanella cells can catalyze cathodic oxygen reduction via adsorption on the cathode. The findings will provide new insight for developing methods to improve ...
Holt Brian D - - 2012
Single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are increasingly being investigated for use in biomedical applications for intra-cellular imaging and ablation, as well as vehicles for drug and gene delivery. One major obstacle to the development of safe, controlled and effective SWCNT-based biomedical materials is limited quantification of dosage- and time-dependent uptake ...
Chong Won Seog - - 2012
Soman, a potent irreversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, induces delayed neuronal injury by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Midazolam is used in patients with pathologic effects of oxidative stresses such as infection, hemodynamic instability and hypoxia. We investigated whether midazolam protects the Central Nervous System (CNS) from soman intoxication. The present study ...
Visagie Michelle H - - 2012
Anticancer research resulted in the discovery of a promising antimitotic metabolite, 2-methoxyestradiol. 2-Methoxyestradiol-bis-sulphamate, a bis-sulphamoylated analogue exerts antiproliferative- and antimitotic activity. Investigating the anticancer potential of 2-methoxyestradiol-bis-sulphamate requires demonstrating the influence of 2-methoxyestradiol-bis-sulphamate on non-tumorigenic cells. This project focused on the in vitro effects of 2-methoxyestradiol-bis-sulphamate on the non-tumorigenic ...
Niewisch Marena Rebekka - - 2012
Many cancer cells metabolize glucose preferentially via pyruvate to lactate instead to CO(2) and H(2)O (oxidative phosphorylation) even in the presence of oxygen (Warburg effect). Dichloroacetate (DCA) is a drug which is able to shift pyruvate metabolism from lactate to acetyl-CoA (tricarboxylic acid cycle) by indirect activation of pyruvate dehydrogenase ...
Cui Derong - - 2012
Propofol exerts protective effects on neuronal cells, in part through the inhibition of programmed cell death. Autophagic cell death is a type of programmed cell death that plays elusive roles in controlling neuronal damage and metabolic homeostasis. We therefore studied whether propofol could attenuate the formation of autophagosomes, and if ...
Zhang Lingmin - - 2012
Propofol is one of the most commonly used intravenous anaesthetic agents during cancer resection surgery, but the effect of propofol on gallbladder cancer is not clear. NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is abundantly expressed in cancer cells and relates to proliferation, invasion, and chemoresistance. The aims of the current study were ...
Arai Minako - - 2011
The mechanism of oxygen toxicity for central nervous system and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) seizure has not been clarified. Noradrenergic cells in the brain may contribute to HBO seizure. In this study, we defined the activation of noradrenergic cells during HBO exposure by c-fos immunohistochemistry. Electroencephalogram electrodes were pre-implanted in all ...
Liang Hua - - 2011
Purpose: Sevoflurane, an inhalational anesthetic, is used extensively during lung cancer surgery. However, the effect of sevoflurane on growth of lung carcinoma cells remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate effects on proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycling in the A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line. Methods: A549 ...
Fukumasu Heidge - - 2011
The objective of this work is to report the antiproliferative effect of P. cupana treatment in Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC)-bearing animals. Female mice were treated with three doses of powdered P. cupana (100, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg) for 7 days, injected with 10(5) EAC cells and treated up to day 21. ...
Mishra Tulika - - 2011
Ziziphus mauritiana (Lamk.) is a fruit tree that has folkloric implications against many ailments and diseases. In the present study, anticancer potential of seed extract of Ziziphus mauritiana in vitro against different cell lines (HL-60, Molt-4, HeLa, and normal cell line HGF) by MTT assay as well as in vivo ...
Badraoui R - - 2012
This study was undertaken to estimate antioxidative status of two malignant-mammary gland carcinoma (Walker 256/B) and malignant-prostate carcinoma cells (MatLyLu) disseminated in ascitic fluids. Malignant carcinoma cells (10(7) cells) were twice serially intraperitoneal injected in male Wistar rats to develop ascites. After 7 days, ascitic fluids were collected, and cells ...
Wang Pan - - 2010
PURPOSE: Our previous work demonstrated that the enhancement of cytotoxicity by protoporphyrin IX (Pp) was significantly higher than hematoporphyrin (Hp), when they were compared at the same ultrasound-exposure conditions, since the cytoskeleton plays a crucial role in numerous cell functions and the effect of sonodynamic therapy (SDT) on cytoskeleton has ...
Meunier Liliane - - 2010
A third of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) present ascites. The cellular fraction of ascites often consists of EOC cells, lymphocytes, and mesothelial cells, whereas the acellular fraction contains cytokines and angiogenic factors. Clinically, the presence of ascites correlates with intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal tumor spread. We have used OV-90, ...
Alekseeva O M - - 2009
The effects of melafen (plant growth stimulant) on membrane structure and functions of animal cells were studied. The process of signal transduction from cell surface to intracellular structures and conformation changes in membranes in the presence of this substance were studied by light scatter and differential scanning microcalorimetry. Melafen in ...
Lambert Ian Henry - - 2009
Addition of H(2)O(2) (0.5 mM) to Ehrlich ascites tumor cells under isotonic conditions results in a substantial (22 +/- 1%) reduction in cell volume within 25 min. The cell shrinkage is paralleled by net loss of K(+), which was significant within 8 min, whereas no concomitant increase in the K(+) ...
Sher Ifat - - 2009
Epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) patients are usually diagnosed at an advanced stage, characterized by interperitoneal carcinomatosis and production of large volumes of ascites. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and its main signaling receptor VEGFR2 (KDR) are coexpressed in primary ovarian tumors, ascitic cells and metastases, suggesting the existence of an ...
Li Yong-Yu - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To investigate the effects of serum and ascitic fluid from rats with acute pancreatitis (AP) on cellular free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) of isolated rat pancreatic acinar cells, and the intervention of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) and tetrandrine (Tet) to cellular calcium overload in AP. METHODS: AP was induced ...
Bera Soumen - - 2008
The creatine/creatine kinase system decreases drastically in sarcoma. In the present study, an investigation of catalytic activities, western blot and mRNA expression unambiguously demonstrates the prominent expression of the creatine-synthesizing enzymes l-arginine:glycine amidinotransferase and N-guanidinoacetate methyltransferase in sarcoma, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and Sarcoma 180 cells, whereas both enzymes were virtually ...
Evanno Laurent - - 2008
Harringtonolide (= hainanolide) is a complex polycyclic fused norditerpene isolated from CEPHALOTAXUS HARRINGTONIA var. DRUPACEA. In spite of its appealing biological properties - we measured an IC (50) of 43 nM on KB cells and a significant antifungal activity - its absolute configuration has not yet been firmly established. This ...
Kimura Hideki - - 2008
Malignant ascites is often a sign of a terminal stage in several malignant diseases. To control ascites, drainage and intra-abdominal chemotherapy are often used in those patients but eradication of ascites is difficult and prognosis is poor. A 55-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital on 26 January 2007 with ...
Kirchhausen Tom - - 2008
The large GTPase dynamin is essential for clathrin-dependent coated-vesicle formation. Dynasore is a cell-permeable small molecule that inhibits the GTPase activity of dynamin1, dynamin2 and Drp1, the mitochondrial dynamin. Dynasore was discovered in a screen of approximately 16,000 compounds for inhibitors of the dynamin2 GTPase. Dynasore is a noncompetitive inhibitor ...
El-Hela, A A; ;
The essential oil of Thymus decussatus Benth herb growing in Egypt was prepared by hydro distillation of the dried herb and analyzed by GC/ MS. It revealed the presence of 12 peaks, which were identified. The major component of the essential oil was thymol 94.14% w/w from the total (3%w/w). ...
Forster Martin D - - 2007
The alpha-folate receptor (alpha-FR) is a folate transporter with restricted expression levels in normal tissues. It is over-expressed in several cancers, particularly epithelial carcinomas, including nonmucinous ovarian carcinoma. It offers a novel therapeutic target for selective imaging and cytotoxic agents. Measurement of the receptor could be a valuable tool in ...
Prabhakar B T - - 2006
Benzophenones and its analogues are known for wide range of biological properties. Synthetic benzophenone analogue 2-benzoyl -phenoxy acetamide (BP-1) is proven to be potent antitumor and proapoptotic activity against EAT cells in-vivo. In the present report, we studied the antiangiogenic effect of BP-1 in EAT cells induced angiogenesis. Treatment with ...
Mukai M - - 2006
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a multifunctional growth factor that plays a role in cell proliferation, differentiation, extracellular matrix production, apoptosis, and cell motility. We show here that TGF-beta1 increased the invasiveness of MM1 cells, which are a highly invasive clone of rat ascites hepatoma cells. Both mRNA and protein ...
Shigeta, Seiko
We compared several sialyltransferase activities related to synthesis of O-linked and N-linked sialylglycoproteins in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells that grow normally in murine ascites, but are not adherent nor grow in tissue culture (na-EAT cells), with those in cells that were selected to grow in tissue culture and adhere to ...
Shepherd Trevor G - - 2006
Our laboratory has refined the technique for isolating primary cultures of normal human ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells by combining two different protocols involving the enzymatic and mechanical removal of OSE cells from ovarian biopsies. A simple protocol of obtaining primary epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells from the ascites fluid ...
Madan Ashima - - 2005
Despite its popularity and widespread use, there remains much more to be learned about phototherapy. There is continued debate on whether intermittent phototherapy is more effective than continuous phototherapy; if light of a longer wavelength is more effective than blue light phototherapy; and if phototherapy in the presence of bilirubin ...
Alonso Francisco J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Glutaminase activity is correlated with cancer proliferation and with growth rate in normal cells. Ehrlich ascites tumour cells (EATC) and their derivative 0.28AS-2 cells, which express antisense glutaminase mRNA, show differences in both morphology and tumorigenic capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability was determined with the microtetrazolium cytotoxicity test ...
Gulevsky A K - - 2005
The experimental data presented in the work testify to the cytostatic activity of 1-10 kD polypeptide fractions from brains of the hibernating ground squirrel and the Yakut horse towards Ehrlich ascitic carcinoma (EAC) cells. The experiments on the investigation of the inhibiting influence of 1-10 kD fractions from tissues of ...
Ikeda Katsuhide - - 2005
We describe unusual cytologic features of the peritoneal fluid in a patient with immature ovarian teratoma. Immature embryonal and neuroectodermal components of such tumors are rarely observed in the ascites; to our knowledge, there have been only three reports of cytologic findings of immature teratoma cells in the ascites. Our ...
Stadlmann Sylvia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory or malignant peritoneal diseases are associated with high levels of ascitic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We compared the VEGF secretion by human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC) and ovarian carcinoma (OVCA) cells and its regulation by pro-inflammatory cytokines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: VEGF secretion in cultured HPMC, established human ...
Hirakawa Nobuhiro - - 2005
Effect of ascorbic acid (AsA) on the proliferation and invasion of rat ascites hepatoma AH109A cells was investigated by measuring [(3)H]thymidine incorporation into acid-insoluble fraction of the cells and by co-culturing the hepatoma cells with rat mesentery-derived mesothelial cells, respectively. AsA suppressed the invasion of AH109A cells in a dose-dependent ...
Lora Jorge - - 2004
Glutamine is an essential amino acid in cancer cells and is required for the growth of many other cell types. Glutaminase activity is positively correlated with malignancy in tumours and with growth rate in normal cells. In the present work, Ehrlich ascites tumour cells, and their derivative, 0.28AS-2 cells, expressing ...
Ortiou Sandrine - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Methionine synthase (MTR) synthesizes methionine from homocysteine, using cobalamin as a cofactor and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate as a cosubstrate. AIM: To determine the influence of homocystine (Hcy, dimer of homocysteine) in the presence of either cobalamin or methionine on the transcription and the activity of methionine synthase in Caco-2, a human ...
Miura Daiki - - 2003
In our previous study, resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound in grapes with antioxidative property, and resveratol-loaded rat serum (RS) were found to suppress the invasion of AH109A cells, an ascite hepatoma cell line. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether and which prostaglandins (PGs) would be involved in ...
Nagai Katsuhito - - 2002
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether the de novo resistance of M5076 ovarian sarcoma cells, which show sensitivity to pirarubicin (THP), to doxorubicin (DOX) is due to differences in the transport characteristics between THP and DOX, and the results were compared with those for drug-sensitive Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells. METHODS: ...
Kajiyama H - - 2002
Cell surface aminopeptidases play an important role in biological processes through degradation of small peptides. There are many bioactive peptides in ascites and these peptides are involved in carcinoma cell dissemination and infiltration. In human mesothelial cells dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) shows the highest expression mostly in four cell surface ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >