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Results 201 - 250 of 1692
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Yun Sung-Sik - - 2010
This paper presents a handheld mechanical cell lysis chip with ultra-sharp nano-blade arrays fabricated by simple and cost effective crystalline wet etching of (110) silicon. The ultra-sharp nano-blade array is simply formed by the undercutting of (110) silicon during the crystalline wet etching process. Cells can be easily disrupted by ...
Traitcheva Nelly - - 2010
In order to increase the permeability of cell membranes for low doses of cytostatic drugs, two bioelectrochemical methods have been compared: (a) electric pore formation in the plasma membranes by single electric impulses (electroporation), and (b) reordering of membrane structure by alternating currents (capacitively coupled). These treatments were applied to ...
Cohen-Karni Tzahi T School of Engineering and Applied Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, - - 2010
Nanowire field-effect transistors (NW-FETs) have been shown to be powerful building blocks for nanoscale bioelectronic interfaces with cells and tissue due to their excellent sensitivity and their capability to form strongly coupled interfaces with cell membranes. Graphene has also been shown to be an attractive building block for nanoscale electronic ...
Ciccoli R - - 2010
The use of biomass and waste to produce alternative fuels, due to environmental and energy security reasons, is a high-quality solution especially when integrated with high efficiency fuel cell applications. In this article we look into the coupling of an anaerobic digestion process of organic residues to electrochemical conversion to ...
Yun YeoHeung - - 2010
Magnesium (Mg) as a biodegradable metal has potential advantages as an implant material. This paper studies the effect of magnesium ions on osteoblast (U2-OS) behavior since magnesium implants mainly dissolve as divalent magnesium ions (Mg(2+)). A real-time monitoring technique based on electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) was used for measuring ...
Gupta Shalini - - 2010
We report how live cells and functionalized colloidal particles can be coassembled into a variety of freely suspended bioactive structures using dielectrophoresis on a chip. Alternating electric fields were applied to dilute suspensions of yeast (S. cerevisiae) and NIH/3T3 mouse fibroblast cells to yield 1D chains and 2D arrays. The ...
Sun Ning - - 2010
Generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells has revolutionized the field of regenerative medicine. With the exponential increase in iPS cell research in the past three years, human iPS cells have been derived with different technologies and from various cell types. From a translational perspective, however, a number of issues ...
Sankin Georgy - - 2010
Understanding the dynamic interaction of cavitation bubbles with biological tissue is central to the effective and safe application of therapeutic ultrasound in clinical medicine. Coupled oscillation of two laser generated microbubbles (maximum radius = 28 mum) in constrained media and associated shear stresses are investigated experimentally. Bubble-bubble interaction in a ...
Polaniak Renata - - 2010
This study examines the effects of vitamin E and an extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) and their combination in different time intervals of exposure of vitamin E (tocopherol) on the AT478 murine squamous cell carcinoma line. This study provides insight into the influence of correlations between ELF-EMF and vitamin ...
Zhao Dewei - - 2010
We present herein efficient bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells via mixing poly[2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene)-alt-bithiophene] (F6T2) and 6,6-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) with variable weight ratios. The photo-physics and morphology of F6T2:PCBM blend films and the electrical characteristics of their corresponding single cells were studied in details by changing PCBM concentration. ...
Wozniak Nicholas R - - 2010
We present a new design for an electrochemical cell for use with wafer working electrodes. The key feature of the design is the use of half turn thumb screws to form a liquid-tight seal between an o-ring and the sample surface. The assembly or disassembly of the cell requires a ...
Mazzoccoli Jason P JP Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2010
Multilayered composites, composed of mammalian cells arranged in a hydrogel, have been prepared using an acoustic focusing technique. Acoustic focusing is a simple, nonchemical technique that allows for the fast arrangement of cells in matrices where the control of cell geometry is beneficial. Breast cancer cells (MDA-MB231) were dispersed in ...
Smith Carol-Anne M - - 2010
Magnetic nanoparticles are widely used in bioapplications such as imaging (MRI), targeted delivery (drugs/genes) and cell transfection (magnetofection). Historically, the impermeable nature of both the plasma and nuclear membranes hinder potential. Researchers combat this by developing techniques to enhance cellular and nuclear uptake. Two current popular methods are using external ...
Tarantola Marco - - 2010
Early determination of the metastatic potential of cancer cells is a crucial step for successful oncological treatment. Besides the remarkable progress in molecular genomics- or proteomics-based diagnostics, there is a great demand for in vitro biosensor devices that allow rapid and selective detection of the invasive properties of tumor cells. ...
Butterworth Karl T - - 2010
The delivery of spatially modulated radiation fields has been shown to impact on in vitro cell survival responses. To study the effect of modulated fields on cell survival, dose response curves were determined for human DU-145 prostate, T98G glioma tumour cells and normal primary AGO-1552 fibroblast cells exposed to modulated ...
Ramasamy Easwaramoorthi - - 2010
A counter-electrode comprised of large-pore sized mesoporous carbon exhibits low charge transfer resistance in iodide/triiodide redox electrolyte, thus liquid and quasi-solid dye sensitized solar cells show 8.18% and 3.61% solar to electric energy conversion efficiency, respectively.
Hernández Rosa M A - - 2010
In recent years, the use of transplanted living cells pumping out active factors directly at the site has proven to be an emergent technology. However a recurring impediment to rapid development in the field is the immune rejection of transplanted allo- or xenogeneic cells. Immunosuppression is used clinically to prevent ...
Lombardini Marta - - 2010
We present the structure of an open microwell, i.e. a microwell open at both the top and bottom ends, which enables single-cells to be handled, processed and recovered after the experiment. The microwell has a novel architecture which allows particles to be trapped and forced to interact by means of ...
Zeitoun Ramsey I - - 2010
Procedures requiring precise and accurate positioning of particles and cells have impacted a broad range of research interests including molecular detection, self-assembly and tissue and cell engineering. These fields would be greatly aided by more advanced, yet straightforward, micro-object positioning methods that are precise, scalable, responsive and flexible. We have ...
Zakin Lise L Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biological Chemistry University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1662, - - 2010
In the developing organism, cells differentiate, divide and die as part of groups of hundreds or thousands of cells called 'morphogenetic fields'. Fields have the remarkable property of self-regulation: for example, if the forelimb field is bisected, each half can give rise to a complete limb after transplantation, as discovered ...
Henighan T - - 2010
A platform of discrete microscopic magnetic elements patterned on a surface offers dynamic control over the motion of fluid-borne cells by reprogramming the magnetization within the magnetic bits. T-lymphocyte cells tethered to magnetic microspheres and untethered leukemia cells are remotely manipulated and guided along desired trajectories on a silicon surface ...
Hirose Hideki - - 2010
Given the widespread use of the cellular phone today, investigation of potential biological effects of radiofrequency (RF) fields has become increasingly important. In particular, much research has been conducted on RF effects on brain function. To examine any biological effects on the central nervous system (CNS) induced by 1950 MHz ...
Bombelli Cecilia - - 2010
Liposomes formulated with dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-phosphatidylcholine, DMPC, and either one of the cationic gemini surfactants (S,S)-2,3-dimethoxy-1,4-bis(N-hexadecyl-N,N-dimethylammonio)butane bromide, 1a, and (S,R)-2,3-dimethoxy-1,4-bis(N-hexadecyl-N,N-dimethylammonio)butane bromide, 1b, were investigated as vehicles of the photosensitizer m-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin, m-THPC, to cell models of malignant glioma. The delivery efficiency of DMPC/1a and DMPC/1b liposome formulations were evaluated on the murine glioblastoma ...
Zhu Tao - - 2010
Microfluidics-based cell electroporation has many advantages in delivering small molecules into cells. In this study, hydrodynamic focusing of fluids with different conductivities has been used for high through-put cell electroporation at low voltage (<3 V) of continuous direct current (dc) power. Simulation results showed that an input voltage of only ...
Toivola Minna - - 2010
Stainless steel based dye solar cells have been upscaled from small, laboratory size test cells of 0.32 cm2 active area to 6 cm x 6 cm "mini-modules" with active areas ca. 15 cm2. Stainless steel works as the photoelectrode substrate whilst the counter electrode is prepared on indium-doped tin oxide ...
Loomis Kristin - - 2010
The CD22 antigen is a viable target for therapeutic intervention for B-cell lymphomas. Several therapeutic anti-CD22 antibodies as well as an anti-CD22-based immunotoxin (HA22) are currently under investigation in clinical settings. Coupling of anti-CD22 reagents with a nano-drug delivery vehicle is projected to significantly improve treatment efficacies. Therefore, we generated ...
Thein Myo M The Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, The Pennsylvania State University, 212 Earth and Engineering Sciences Building, University Park, PA 16802, - - 2010
The underlying sensing mechanism of single-cell-based integrated microelectrode array (IMA) biosensors was investigated via experimental and modeling studies. IMA chips were microfabricated and single-cell-level manipulation was achieved through surface chemistry modification of IMA chips. Individual fibroblast cells (NIH3T3) were immobilized on either lysine-arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (KRGD) short peptide-modified or fibronectin extracellular-cell-adhesion-molecule-modified ...
Shafiee Hadi - - 2010
Contactless dielectrophoresis (cDEP) is a recently developed method of cell manipulation in which the electrodes are physically isolated from the sample. Here we present two microfluidic devices capable of selectively isolating live human leukemia cells from dead cells utilizing their electrical signatures. The effect of different voltages and frequencies on ...
Kobel Stefan - - 2010
The poor efficiency of microfluidic single cell trapping is currently restricting the full potential of state-of-the-art single cell analyses. Using fluid dynamics simulations in combination with particle image velocimetry to systematically optimize trap architectures, we present a microfluidic chip with enhanced single cell trapping and on-chip culture performance. Upon optimization ...
Ciesielski Peter N - - 2010
Photosynthesis is the process by which Nature coordinates a tandem of protein complexes of impressive complexity that function to harness staggering amounts of solar energy on a global scale. Advances in biochemistry and nanotechnology have provided tools to isolate and manipulate the individual components of this process, thus opening a ...
Burks Scott R SR Medical Biotechnology Center, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, 725 W Lombard St, Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2010
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) imaging is an emerging modality that can detect and localize paramagnetic molecular probes (so-called spin probes) in vivo. We previously demonstrated that nitroxide spin probes can be encapsulated in liposomes at concentrations exceeding 100 mM, at which nitroxides exhibit a concentration-dependent quenching of their EPR signal ...
Gagnon Zachary - - 2010
We integrate electrothermally induced micro-pumps and dielectrophoretic (DEP) traps into micro-circulating fluidic channel loops for yeast cell concentration and separation, two important on-chip cell manipulation tasks, with the same embedded electrodes on-chip. Each fluidic loop design contains well-defined high and low field regions that serve for both fluid transport and ...
Fondell Amelie - - 2010
PURPOSE: For the treatment of cancer, the therapeutic potential of short-range, low-energy Auger-electron emitters, such as (125)I, is getting progressively wider recognition. The potency of Auger-electron emitters is strongly dependent on their location in close vicinity to DNA. We have developed a new two-step targeting strategy to transport (125)I into ...
Kamps Jan A - - 2010
Liposome-cell interactions have been assessed for over 30 years now by an enormous variety of approaches and methods. In-depth knowledge of liposome-cell interaction is still very relevant since new concepts and applications applying liposomes are being developed every day. This chapter does not aim to give a complete overview on ...
Church Christopher - - 2010
Lysing cells is an important step in the analysis of intracellular contents. Concentrating cells is often required in order to acquire adequate cells for lysis. This work presents an integrated concentration and lysis of mammalian cells in a constriction microchannel using dc-biased ac electric fields. By adjusting the dc component, ...
Zhu Ke - - 2010
The dielectrophoretic behavior of active, dead, and dormant Mycobacterium smegmatis bacterial cells was studied. It was found that the 72-h-old dormant cells had a much higher effective particle conductivity (812+/-10 muS cm(-1)), almost double that of active cells (560+/-20 muS cm(-1)), while that of dead (autoclaved) M. smegmatis cells was ...
Sekijima Masaru - - 2010
We investigated the mechanisms by which radiofrequency (RF) fields exert their activity, and the changes in both cell proliferation and the gene expression profile in the human cell lines, A172 (glioblastoma), H4 (neuroglioma), and IMR-90 (fibroblasts from normal fetal lung) following exposure to 2.1425 GHz continuous wave (CW) and Wideband ...
Hoettges Kai F - - 2010
Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a technique which offers label-free measurement of cell electrophysiology by monitoring its movement in non-uniform electric fields. In this chapter, the theory underlying DEP is explored, as are the implications of the development of equipment for taking such measurements. Practical considerations such as the selection of a ...
Jun Bong-Hyun - - 2010
In this study, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-encoded magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) are prepared and utilized as a multifunctional tagging material for cancer-cell targeting and separation. First, silver-embedded magnetic NPs are prepared, composed of an 18-nm magnetic core and a 16-nm-thick silica shell with silver NPs formed on the surface. After simple ...
Mendon?a Liliana S - - 2010
The present work aimed at the development and application of transferrin receptor (TrfR)-targeted sterically stabilized liposomes encapsulating anti-BCR-ABL siRNA or asODN. Transferrin was coupled to the surface of liposomes encapsulating siRNA or asODN through the postinsertion method. Cell association and internalization were assessed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy, respectively. ...
Fei Zhengzheng - - 2010
Electroporation is one of the most popular nonviral gene transfer methods for embryonic stem cell transfection. Bulk electroporation techniques, however, require a high electrical field and provide a nonuniform electrical field distribution among randomly distributed cells, leading to limited transfection efficiency and cell viability, especially for a low number of ...
Santos Edorta - - 2010
The field of cell encapsulation is advancing rapidly. This cell-based technology permits the local and long-term delivery ofa desired therapeutic product reducing or even avoiding the need ofimmunosuppressant drugs. The choice of a suitable material preserving the viability and functionality of enclosed cells becomes fundamental if a therapeutic aim is ...
Mykhaylyk Olga - - 2010
In a magnetofection procedure, self-assembling complexes of enhancers like cationic lipids with plasmid DNA or small interfering RNA (siRNA) are associated with magnetic nanoparticles and are then concentrated at the surface of cultured cells by applying a permanent inhomogeneous magnetic field. This process results in a considerable improvement in transfection ...
Wiegering V - - 2010
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is the most common cause of chronic arthritis in childhood and adolescents and encompasses a heterogeneous group of different diseases. Due to the promising results of B-cell depleting therapies in rheumatoid arthritis the role of B-cells in autoimmune diseases has to be discussed in a new ...
Thomas Rupert S W - - 2010
We describe a system for the isolation, concentration, separation, and recovery of human osteoblast-like cells from a heterogeneous population using dielectrophoretic ring traps. Cells flowing in a microfluidic channel are immobilized inside an electric field cage using negative dielectrophoresis. A planar ring electrode creates a closed trap while repelling surrounding ...
Orive Gorka - - 2010
The exciting developments in the field of drug delivery have already had an enormous impact on medical technology, facilitating the administration of many drugs and improving the pharmacokinetics of many others. The past few years have also seen several firsts, including the design of novel tissue engineered approaches, intriguing advances ...
Sawan M M Polystim Neurotechnologies Laboratory, Dept. of Elec. Eng., Polytechnique Montréal, - - 2010
We describe in this paper cells sensing and manipulation methods, as well as platforms based on Lab-on-chip devices. Among other contributions, new circuit and microfluidic techniques, and packaging methods are proposed for efficient cells manipulation and detection. The proposed devices include high-sensitivity sensing circuits (200 mV/fF), low-pressure liquid injection interfaces ...
Fatoyinbo Henry O HO Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Duke of Kent Building (L5), Guildford, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom. - - 2010
In this paper, the use of non-uniform ac electric fields on biological cells for bioanalysis, through multiple, independently configurable channels is presented. The programmable system has been used to obtain the dielectrophoretic spectra of cells in near real time, within 90 seconds. This is a significant improvement on existing dielectrophoretic ...
Braeken Dries D Bioelectronics Group, Imec, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven, Belgium. - - 2010
In drug screening and pharmaceutical research, high-throughput systems that are able to perform single-cell measurements are highly desired. Micro-electrode arrays try to answer this need but still suffer from significant drawbacks such as a small amount of electrodes and the inability to address single cells. Here, we present a novel ...
Minnikanti S S Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept. of George Mason University, Fairfax VA, USA. - - 2010
While there have been many attempts at patterning cells onto substrates, a reliable method for trapping cell clusters and forming cell arrays in a predefined geometry remains to be demonstrated. We intend to develop a multielectrode array platform to initially trap cells via dielectrophoresis (DEP) and to later measure their ...
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