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Kaku M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to establish a long-term tooth cryopreservation method that can be used for tooth autotransplantation. Human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells were frozen in 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (Me(2)SO) using a programmed freezer with a magnetic field. Cells were cryopreserved for 7 days at -150 degrees C. ...
Gamboa Olga Lucia - - 2010
We investigated and characterized the effect of externally applied electric fields (EF) on retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells by exposing primary cultures of human RPE cells (hRPE) and those from the ARPE19 immortalized cell line to various strengths of EF (EF-treated cells) or to no EF (control cells) under different ...
Barash Yiftach - - 2010
We describe herein the features of a novel cultivation system, combining electrical stimulation with medium perfusion for producing thick, functional cardiac patches. A custom-made electrical stimulator was integrated via inserting two carbon rod electrodes into a perfusion bioreactor, housing multiple neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cardiac cell constructs between two 96% open-pore-area ...
Hammerick Kyle E - - 2010
Endogenous electric fields play an important role in embryogenesis, regeneration, and wound repair and previous studies have shown that many populations of cells, leukocytes, fibroblasts, epithelial cells, and endothelial cells, exhibit directed migration in response to electric fields. As regenerative therapies continue to explore ways to control mesenchymal progenitor cells ...
Lindström Sara - - 2011
Today, cells are commonly analyzed in ensembles, i.e. thousands of cells per sample, yielding results on the average response of the cells. However, cellular heterogeneity implies the importance of studying how individual cells respond, one by one, in order to learn more about drug targeting and cellular behavior. This review ...
Scheutz Charlotte - - 2010
The shredder residues from automobiles, home appliances and other metal containing products are often disposed in landfills, as recycling technologies for these materials are not common in many countries. Shredder waste contains rigid and soft foams from cushions and insulation panels blown with fluorocarbons. The objective of this study was ...
Sivagnanam Venkataragavalu - - 2010
Separation and subsequent culturing of MCF-7 breast cancer cells on self-assembled protein-coated magnetic beads in a microfluidic chip is demonstrated. The beads were patterned in situ inside a sealed microfluidic channel using magnetic-field-assisted electrostatic self-assembly. Hereafter, they were grafted by exposure to a solution of 5D10 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) and ...
Krebs Frederik C - - 2010
Upscaling of the manufacture of polymer solar cells is detailed with emphasis on cost analysis and practical approach. The device modules were prepared using both slot-die coating and screen printing the active layers in the form of stripes that were serially connected. The stripe width was varied and the resultant ...
Yang Jen-Chang - - 2010
While the effects of static magnetic fields (SMFs) on osteoblastic differentiation are well demonstrated, the mechanotransduction pathways of SMFs are still unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the role of calmodulin in the biophysical effects of SMFs on osteoblastic cells. MG63 cells were exposed to a 0.4 ...
Foley Jeffrey M - - 2010
Existing wastewater treatment options are generally perceived as energy intensive and environmentally unfriendly. Much attention has been focused on two new approaches in the past years, (i) microbial fuel cells and (ii) microbial electrolysis cells, which directly generate electrical current or chemical products, respectively, during wastewater treatment. These systems are ...
Ma Huipeng - - 2010
Fibroblasts and tumor cells have been involved in the process of cancer development, progression and therapy. Here, we present a simple microfluidic device which enables to study the interaction between fibroblasts and tumor cells by indirect contact co-culture. The device is composed of multiple cell culture chambers which are connected ...
Kullberg Max - - 2010
To enhance cytoplasmic delivery of liposomal contents to breast cancer cells, the authors have attached the pore-forming protein, listeriolysin O (LLO), to thermosensitive liposomes. The antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin) was also conjugated with the outer surface of the liposomes, resulting in highly specific binding and internalization into mammary epithelial cells that ...
Kurtz Sarah - - 2010
Solar-cell efficiencies have exceeded 40% in recent years. The keys to achieving these high efficiencies include: 1) use of multiple materials that span the solar spectrum, 2) growth of these materials with near-perfect quality by using epitaxial growth on single-crystal substrates, and 3) use of concentration. Growth of near-perfect semiconductor ...
Kurtz Sarah - - 2010
Solar-cell efficiencies have exceeded 40% in recent years. The keys to achieving these high efficiencies include: 1) use of multiple materials that span the solar spectrum, 2) growth of these materials with near-perfect quality by using epitaxial growth on single-crystal substrates, and 3) use of concentration. Growth of near-perfect semiconductor ...
Qiu Jijun - - 2010
Well-aligned ZnO nanowire arrays with a long length of more than 40 microm were prepared successfully by using the polyethylenimine (PEI)-assisted preheating hydrothermal method (PAPHT). Several important synthetic parameters such as PEI content, growth time, preheating time and zinc salt concentration were found to determine the growth of ultralong ZnO ...
Chalmers J J - - 2010
The maturation of magnetic cell separation technology places increasing demands on magnetic cell separation performance. While a number of factors can cause sub-optimal performance, one of the major challenges can be non-specific binding of magnetic nano- or microparticles to non-targeted cells. Depending on the type of separation, this non-specific binding ...
Lee Jung-Yong - - 2010
We demonstrate semitransparent small molecular weight organic photovoltaic cells using a laminated silver nanowire mesh as a transparent, conductive cathode layer. The lamination process does not damage the underlying solar cell and results in a transparent electrode with low sheet resistance and high optical transmittance without impacting photocurrent collection. The ...
Chen Ying - - 2010
Nanoframes containing 20 nm diameter TiO(2) nanowire arrays were synthesized with polymer templates via cathodic sol-gel deposition followed by 450 degrees C sintering. Raman spectra indicated that they are composed of pure anatase TiO(2). The nanowire array inside the nanoframe was confirmed to be single crystalline by high resolution TEM. ...
Sun Tao - - 2010
A bio-impedance chip has been developed for real-time monitoring of the kinetics of epithelial cell monolayers in vitro. The human bronchial epithelial cell line (16-HBE 14o-) was cultured in Transwells creating a sustainable and interactive model of the airway epithelium. Conducting polymer polypyrrole (PPy) doped with polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) was ...
Cheng Ke - - 2010
The success of cardiac stem cell therapies is limited by low cell retention, due at least in part to washout via coronary veins. We sought to counter the efflux of transplanted cells by rendering them magnetically responsive and imposing an external magnetic field on the heart during and immediately after ...
Solal Marc - - 2010
Usually, directivity is obtained in single-phase unidirectional transducers (SPUDTs) by cascading reflective cells and transduction cells in the same acoustic track. An alternate approach was presented which described a SPUDT using two tracks. The first track had only sources but the second track had sources and reflectors. The directivity was ...
Koester Philipp Julian - - 2010
We developed a modular neurochip system by combining a small (16x16 mm2) glass neurochip (GNC) with a homemade head stage and commercial data acquisition hardware and software. The system is designed for the detection of the electric activity of cultivated nerve or muscle cells by a 52-microelectrode array (MEA). In ...
Muendoerfer Marco - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate a newly implemented feature for the online monitoring of transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) in an apparatus for combined in vitro dissolution and permeation testing. In a first step, the course of TEER was analyzed simultaneously to the permeability of sodium fluorescein, and ...
Zhu Tao - - 2010
In this study, a novel method for detecting bacterial cells in deionized (DI) water suspension is presented by using fluidic electrodes with a hydrodynamic focusing technique. KCl solution was utilized as both sheath flow and fluidic electrodes, and the bacterial suspension was squeezed to form three flowing layers with different ...
Lin Ye - - 2010
The potential application of PrBaCo(2)O(5+delta) (PBC) double perovskite oxide as a cathode for a proton-conducting solid-oxide fuel cell based on a BaZr(0.1)Ce(0.7)Y(0.2)O(3-delta) (BZCY) electrolyte was systematically investigated. XRD and O(2)-TPD results demonstrated that cation exchange between BZCY and PBC perovskites simultaneously occurs from the formation of Co(3+)-doped BZCY and Y(3+)-doped ...
Banerjee Jayati - - 2010
A liposome-based amplified detection system is presented for the cancer cell secreted pathogenic enzyme matrix metalloproteinase-9 which does not require the use of biological antibodies.
Yun Sung-Sik - - 2010
This paper presents a handheld mechanical cell lysis chip with ultra-sharp nano-blade arrays fabricated by simple and cost effective crystalline wet etching of (110) silicon. The ultra-sharp nano-blade array is simply formed by the undercutting of (110) silicon during the crystalline wet etching process. Cells can be easily disrupted by ...
Traitcheva Nelly - - 2010
In order to increase the permeability of cell membranes for low doses of cytostatic drugs, two bioelectrochemical methods have been compared: (a) electric pore formation in the plasma membranes by single electric impulses (electroporation), and (b) reordering of membrane structure by alternating currents (capacitively coupled). These treatments were applied to ...
Cohen-Karni Tzahi - - 2010
Nanowire field-effect transistors (NW-FETs) have been shown to be powerful building blocks for nanoscale bioelectronic interfaces with cells and tissue due to their excellent sensitivity and their capability to form strongly coupled interfaces with cell membranes. Graphene has also been shown to be an attractive building block for nanoscale electronic ...
Ciccoli R - - 2010
The use of biomass and waste to produce alternative fuels, due to environmental and energy security reasons, is a high-quality solution especially when integrated with high efficiency fuel cell applications. In this article we look into the coupling of an anaerobic digestion process of organic residues to electrochemical conversion to ...
Yun YeoHeung - - 2010
Magnesium (Mg) as a biodegradable metal has potential advantages as an implant material. This paper studies the effect of magnesium ions on osteoblast (U2-OS) behavior since magnesium implants mainly dissolve as divalent magnesium ions (Mg(2+)). A real-time monitoring technique based on electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) was used for measuring ...
Gupta Shalini - - 2010
We report how live cells and functionalized colloidal particles can be coassembled into a variety of freely suspended bioactive structures using dielectrophoresis on a chip. Alternating electric fields were applied to dilute suspensions of yeast (S. cerevisiae) and NIH/3T3 mouse fibroblast cells to yield 1D chains and 2D arrays. The ...
Sun Ning - - 2010
Generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells has revolutionized the field of regenerative medicine. With the exponential increase in iPS cell research in the past three years, human iPS cells have been derived with different technologies and from various cell types. From a translational perspective, however, a number of issues ...
Sankin Georgy - - 2010
Understanding the dynamic interaction of cavitation bubbles with biological tissue is central to the effective and safe application of therapeutic ultrasound in clinical medicine. Coupled oscillation of two laser generated microbubbles (maximum radius = 28 mum) in constrained media and associated shear stresses are investigated experimentally. Bubble-bubble interaction in a ...
Polaniak Renata - - 2010
This study examines the effects of vitamin E and an extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) and their combination in different time intervals of exposure of vitamin E (tocopherol) on the AT478 murine squamous cell carcinoma line. This study provides insight into the influence of correlations between ELF-EMF and vitamin ...
Zhao Dewei - - 2010
We present herein efficient bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells via mixing poly[2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene)-alt-bithiophene] (F6T2) and 6,6-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) with variable weight ratios. The photo-physics and morphology of F6T2:PCBM blend films and the electrical characteristics of their corresponding single cells were studied in details by changing PCBM concentration. ...
Wozniak Nicholas R - - 2010
We present a new design for an electrochemical cell for use with wafer working electrodes. The key feature of the design is the use of half turn thumb screws to form a liquid-tight seal between an o-ring and the sample surface. The assembly or disassembly of the cell requires a ...
Mazzoccoli Jason P - - 2010
Multilayered composites, composed of mammalian cells arranged in a hydrogel, have been prepared using an acoustic focusing technique. Acoustic focusing is a simple, nonchemical technique that allows for the fast arrangement of cells in matrices where the control of cell geometry is beneficial. Breast cancer cells (MDA-MB231) were dispersed in ...
Smith Carol-Anne M - - 2010
Magnetic nanoparticles are widely used in bioapplications such as imaging (MRI), targeted delivery (drugs/genes) and cell transfection (magnetofection). Historically, the impermeable nature of both the plasma and nuclear membranes hinder potential. Researchers combat this by developing techniques to enhance cellular and nuclear uptake. Two current popular methods are using external ...
Tarantola Marco - - 2010
Early determination of the metastatic potential of cancer cells is a crucial step for successful oncological treatment. Besides the remarkable progress in molecular genomics- or proteomics-based diagnostics, there is a great demand for in vitro biosensor devices that allow rapid and selective detection of the invasive properties of tumor cells. ...
Butterworth Karl T - - 2010
The delivery of spatially modulated radiation fields has been shown to impact on in vitro cell survival responses. To study the effect of modulated fields on cell survival, dose response curves were determined for human DU-145 prostate, T98G glioma tumour cells and normal primary AGO-1552 fibroblast cells exposed to modulated ...
Ramasamy Easwaramoorthi - - 2010
A counter-electrode comprised of large-pore sized mesoporous carbon exhibits low charge transfer resistance in iodide/triiodide redox electrolyte, thus liquid and quasi-solid dye sensitized solar cells show 8.18% and 3.61% solar to electric energy conversion efficiency, respectively.
Hernández Rosa M A - - 2010
In recent years, the use of transplanted living cells pumping out active factors directly at the site has proven to be an emergent technology. However a recurring impediment to rapid development in the field is the immune rejection of transplanted allo- or xenogeneic cells. Immunosuppression is used clinically to prevent ...
Lombardini Marta - - 2010
We present the structure of an open microwell, i.e. a microwell open at both the top and bottom ends, which enables single-cells to be handled, processed and recovered after the experiment. The microwell has a novel architecture which allows particles to be trapped and forced to interact by means of ...
Zakin Lise - - 2010
In the developing organism, cells differentiate, divide and die as part of groups of hundreds or thousands of cells called 'morphogenetic fields'. Fields have the remarkable property of self-regulation: for example, if the forelimb field is bisected, each half can give rise to a complete limb after transplantation, as discovered ...
Zeitoun Ramsey I - - 2010
Procedures requiring precise and accurate positioning of particles and cells have impacted a broad range of research interests including molecular detection, self-assembly and tissue and cell engineering. These fields would be greatly aided by more advanced, yet straightforward, micro-object positioning methods that are precise, scalable, responsive and flexible. We have ...
Henighan T - - 2010
A platform of discrete microscopic magnetic elements patterned on a surface offers dynamic control over the motion of fluid-borne cells by reprogramming the magnetization within the magnetic bits. T-lymphocyte cells tethered to magnetic microspheres and untethered leukemia cells are remotely manipulated and guided along desired trajectories on a silicon surface ...
Hirose Hideki - - 2010
Given the widespread use of the cellular phone today, investigation of potential biological effects of radiofrequency (RF) fields has become increasingly important. In particular, much research has been conducted on RF effects on brain function. To examine any biological effects on the central nervous system (CNS) induced by 1950 MHz ...
Bombelli Cecilia - - 2010
Liposomes formulated with dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-phosphatidylcholine, DMPC, and either one of the cationic gemini surfactants (S,S)-2,3-dimethoxy-1,4-bis(N-hexadecyl-N,N-dimethylammonio)butane bromide, 1a, and (S,R)-2,3-dimethoxy-1,4-bis(N-hexadecyl-N,N-dimethylammonio)butane bromide, 1b, were investigated as vehicles of the photosensitizer m-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin, m-THPC, to cell models of malignant glioma. The delivery efficiency of DMPC/1a and DMPC/1b liposome formulations were evaluated on the murine glioblastoma ...
Zhu Tao - - 2010
Microfluidics-based cell electroporation has many advantages in delivering small molecules into cells. In this study, hydrodynamic focusing of fluids with different conductivities has been used for high through-put cell electroporation at low voltage (<3 V) of continuous direct current (dc) power. Simulation results showed that an input voltage of only ...
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