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Kotnik Tadej - - 2010
Exposure of a cell to an electric field results in inducement of a voltage across its membrane (induced transmembrane voltage, DeltaPsi (m)) and, for sufficiently strong fields, in a transient increase of membrane permeability (electroporation). We review the analytical, numerical and experimental methods for determination of DeltaPsi (m) and a ...
Hakoda Masaru - - 2010
Selective separation of cells using dielectrophoresis (DEP) has recently been studied and methods have been proposed. However, these methods are not applicable to large-scale separation because they cannot be performed efficiently. In DEP separation, the DEP force is effective only when it is applied close to the electrodes. Utilizing a ...
Usaj Marko - - 2010
Efficient electroporation of cells in physical contact induces cell fusion, and this process is known as electrofusion. It has been shown that appropriate hypotonic treatment of cells before the application of electric pulses can cause a significant increase in electrofusion efficiency. First, the amplitudes of the electric field were determined ...
Marjanovic Igor - - 2010
Knowledge of the parameters which influence the efficiency of gene electrotransfer has importance for practical implementation of electrotransfection for gene therapy as well as for better understanding of the underlying mechanism. The focus of this study was to analyze the differences in gene electrotransfer and membrane electropermeabilization between plated cells ...
Wu Yifan - - 2010
This note describes the design, fabrication, and testing of a novel microelectromechanical systems Coulter counter. The Coulter counter will be used to detect and monitor impedance changes of cells as a function of time in response to different experimental extracellular environments. The device consists of SU-8 (negative photoresist) microchannels, vertical ...
Glazer Evan S - - 2010
Nonionizing radiation, such as radiofrequency field and near infrared laser, induces thermal cytotoxicity in cancer cells treated with gold nanoparticles. Quantum dots are fluorescent semiconducting nanoparticles that were hypothesized to induce similar injury after radiofrequency field irradiation. Gold nanoparticles and 2 types of quantum dot (cadmium-selenide and indium-gallium-phosphide) conjugated to ...
Wang Shengnian - - 2010
Liposome nanoparticles (LNs) with a targeting ligand were used in a semi-continuous flow electroporation (SFE) device to enhance in vitro delivery of exogenous oligonucleotides (ODN). Nanoparticles comprising transferrin-targeted lipoplex encapsulating ODN G3139 were mixed with K562 cells (a chronic myeloid leukemia cell line) and incubated for half an hour to ...
Ruozi B - - 2010
Cidofovir (HPMPC) was recently reported to exert a valuable antineoplastic activity against primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), a B-cell neoplasm associated with Human Herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) infection. In this study, we developed and characterized liposomes encapsulating HPMPC to increase drug efficacy reducing the administered dose and the related toxicity, which actually hamper ...
Ren Zhiyong - - 2011
The relationship between anode microbial characteristics and electrochemical parameters in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) was analyzed by time-course sampling of parallel single-bottle MFCs operated under identical conditions. While voltage stabilized within 4days, anode biofilms continued growing during the six-week operation. Viable cell density increased asymptotically, but membrane-compromised cells accumulated steadily ...
Wiertz R W F - - 2010
We investigated the applicability of electric impedance sensing (IS) to monitor the coverage of adhered dissociated neuronal cells on glass substrates with embedded electrodes. IS is a sensitive method for the quantification of changes in cell morphology and cell mobility, making it suitable to study aggregation kinetics. Various sizes of ...
Tanaka Masayoshi - - 2010
Magnetotactic bacteria synthesize intracellular magnetosomes comprising membrane-enveloped magnetite crystals within the cell which can be manipulated by a magnetic field. Here, we report the first example of tellurium uptake and crystallization within a magnetotactic bacterial strain, Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1. These bacteria independently crystallize tellurium and magnetite within the cell. This ...
Ferry Vivian E - - 2010
We report on the design, fabrication, and measurement of ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells with nanostructured plasmonic back contacts, which demonstrate enhanced short circuit current densities compared to cells having flat or randomly textured back contacts. The primary photocurrent enhancement occurs in the spectral range from 550 nm to 800 ...
Mernier Guillaume - - 2010
We present a device capable of electrical cell lysis and evaluation of lysis efficiency in continuous flow using dielectrophoretic cell sorting. We use a combination of AC electrical fields and so-called liquid electrodes to avoid bubble creation at the electrode surface. The electrical field distribution is calculated in different electrode ...
Wildt Bridget B Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2010
Programmed subcellular release is an in vitro technique for the quantitative study of cell detachment. The dynamics of cell contraction are measured by releasing cells from surfaces to which they are attached with spatial and temporal control. Release of subcellular regions of cells is achieved by plating cells on an ...
Dimida A - - 2011
Electric and magnetic fields (EMF) might be involved in human disease and numerous research and scientific reviews have been conducted to address this question. In particular thyroid structural and functional alterations caused by various forms of non-ionizing radiation have been described. The aim of this study was to analyze the ...
Glazer Evan S ES Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
Gold and carbon nanoparticles absorb nonionizing radio frequency (RF) energy and release heat. Solid gold nanoparticles are delivered to cancer cells via conjugation with targeting antibodies. Here, 20-nm gold particles were conjugated to cetuximab, which is an epidermal growth factor receptor-1 (EGFR-1) antibody. A pancreatic carcinoma cell line that highly ...
Feng Sheng-Wei - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of static magnetic fields on the differentiation of MG63 cells cultured on the surface of poly-L-lactide (PLLA) substrates. The cells were continuously exposed to a 4,000 Gauss-static magnetic field (SMF) for 5 days. The proliferation effects of the SMF were measured by MTT assay. Morphologic ...
Bellavance Marc-André - - 2010
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most malignant primary brain tumor in adults, and its prognosis remains very limited despite decades of research. Enhanced drug delivery to GBM using liposomes represents a promising therapeutic strategy. In this study, we describe a novel cationic and pH-sensitive liposome formulation composed of DPPC:DC-Chol:DOPE:DHPE Oregon Green ...
Wang Hongsen - - 2010
We present a new double-band-electrode channel flow DEMS (differential electrochemical mass spectrometry) cell and demonstrate its application in mechanistic studies with particular relevance to fuel cells. The cell is composed of two band electrodes, which serve as working and detecting electrodes, respectively, separated by a porous Teflon membrane. The Teflon ...
Haraguchi Yuji - - 2010
Electrical coupling between cardiomyocytes is important in synchronous beating and normal heart functions. Cardiomyocytes are also electrically coupled to non-cardiomyocytes. The electrical interactions between cardiomyocytes and non-cardiomyocytes, or those between separated cardiomyocytes, are important for normal heart function because abnormalities of the coupling and variation of the cell population induce ...
Seale Kevin T KT Vanderbilt Institute for Integrative Biosystems Research and Education, University, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2010
Microfluidic devices are well-suited for the study of metabolism and paracrine and autocrine signaling because they allow steady or intermittent perfusion of biological cells at cell densities that approach those in living tissue. They also enable the study of small populations of rare cells. However, it can be difficult to ...
Fang Xiaohua - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that nano-bio interfaces are the most complex and the least understood. Notably, nanotoxicity of these nanoparticles is not even well recognized. In this work, we examined the toxic effects of different nanoparticles on bacteria cells (Nitrosomonas europaea). The four nanoparticles involved are: 25 nm anatase TiO(2), ...
Wang Manyan - - 2010
Single-cell electroporation (SCEP) is a relatively new technique that has emerged in the last decade or so for single-cell studies. When a large enough electric field is applied to a single cell, transient nano-pores form in the cell membrane allowing molecules to be transported into and out of the cell. ...
Petitjean L - - 2010
We report quantitative measurements of the velocity field of collectively migrating cells in a motile epithelium. The migration is triggered by presenting free surface to an initially confluent monolayer by using a microstencil technique that does not damage the cells. To avoid the technical difficulties inherent in the tracking of ...
Kaku M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to establish a long-term tooth cryopreservation method that can be used for tooth autotransplantation. Human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells were frozen in 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (Me(2)SO) using a programmed freezer with a magnetic field. Cells were cryopreserved for 7 days at -150 degrees C. ...
Gamboa Olga Lucia - - 2010
We investigated and characterized the effect of externally applied electric fields (EF) on retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells by exposing primary cultures of human RPE cells (hRPE) and those from the ARPE19 immortalized cell line to various strengths of EF (EF-treated cells) or to no EF (control cells) under different ...
Barash Yiftach - - 2010
We describe herein the features of a novel cultivation system, combining electrical stimulation with medium perfusion for producing thick, functional cardiac patches. A custom-made electrical stimulator was integrated via inserting two carbon rod electrodes into a perfusion bioreactor, housing multiple neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cardiac cell constructs between two 96% open-pore-area ...
Hammerick Kyle E - - 2010
Endogenous electric fields play an important role in embryogenesis, regeneration, and wound repair and previous studies have shown that many populations of cells, leukocytes, fibroblasts, epithelial cells, and endothelial cells, exhibit directed migration in response to electric fields. As regenerative therapies continue to explore ways to control mesenchymal progenitor cells ...
Lindström Sara - - 2011
Today, cells are commonly analyzed in ensembles, i.e. thousands of cells per sample, yielding results on the average response of the cells. However, cellular heterogeneity implies the importance of studying how individual cells respond, one by one, in order to learn more about drug targeting and cellular behavior. This review ...
Scheutz Charlotte - - 2010
The shredder residues from automobiles, home appliances and other metal containing products are often disposed in landfills, as recycling technologies for these materials are not common in many countries. Shredder waste contains rigid and soft foams from cushions and insulation panels blown with fluorocarbons. The objective of this study was ...
Sivagnanam Venkataragavalu - - 2010
Separation and subsequent culturing of MCF-7 breast cancer cells on self-assembled protein-coated magnetic beads in a microfluidic chip is demonstrated. The beads were patterned in situ inside a sealed microfluidic channel using magnetic-field-assisted electrostatic self-assembly. Hereafter, they were grafted by exposure to a solution of 5D10 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) and ...
Krebs Frederik C - - 2010
Upscaling of the manufacture of polymer solar cells is detailed with emphasis on cost analysis and practical approach. The device modules were prepared using both slot-die coating and screen printing the active layers in the form of stripes that were serially connected. The stripe width was varied and the resultant ...
Yang Jen-Chang - - 2010
While the effects of static magnetic fields (SMFs) on osteoblastic differentiation are well demonstrated, the mechanotransduction pathways of SMFs are still unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the role of calmodulin in the biophysical effects of SMFs on osteoblastic cells. MG63 cells were exposed to a 0.4 ...
Foley Jeffrey M - - 2010
Existing wastewater treatment options are generally perceived as energy intensive and environmentally unfriendly. Much attention has been focused on two new approaches in the past years, (i) microbial fuel cells and (ii) microbial electrolysis cells, which directly generate electrical current or chemical products, respectively, during wastewater treatment. These systems are ...
Ma Huipeng - - 2010
Fibroblasts and tumor cells have been involved in the process of cancer development, progression and therapy. Here, we present a simple microfluidic device which enables to study the interaction between fibroblasts and tumor cells by indirect contact co-culture. The device is composed of multiple cell culture chambers which are connected ...
Kullberg Max - - 2010
To enhance cytoplasmic delivery of liposomal contents to breast cancer cells, the authors have attached the pore-forming protein, listeriolysin O (LLO), to thermosensitive liposomes. The antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin) was also conjugated with the outer surface of the liposomes, resulting in highly specific binding and internalization into mammary epithelial cells that ...
Kurtz Sarah - - 2010
Solar-cell efficiencies have exceeded 40% in recent years. The keys to achieving these high efficiencies include: 1) use of multiple materials that span the solar spectrum, 2) growth of these materials with near-perfect quality by using epitaxial growth on single-crystal substrates, and 3) use of concentration. Growth of near-perfect semiconductor ...
Kurtz Sarah - - 2010
Solar-cell efficiencies have exceeded 40% in recent years. The keys to achieving these high efficiencies include: 1) use of multiple materials that span the solar spectrum, 2) growth of these materials with near-perfect quality by using epitaxial growth on single-crystal substrates, and 3) use of concentration. Growth of near-perfect semiconductor ...
Qiu Jijun - - 2010
Well-aligned ZnO nanowire arrays with a long length of more than 40 microm were prepared successfully by using the polyethylenimine (PEI)-assisted preheating hydrothermal method (PAPHT). Several important synthetic parameters such as PEI content, growth time, preheating time and zinc salt concentration were found to determine the growth of ultralong ZnO ...
Chalmers J J JJ William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, 140 West 19th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2010
The maturation of magnetic cell separation technology places increasing demands on magnetic cell separation performance. While a number of factors can cause sub-optimal performance, one of the major challenges can be non-specific binding of magnetic nano- or microparticles to non-targeted cells. Depending on the type of separation, this non-specific binding ...
Lee Jung-Yong - - 2010
We demonstrate semitransparent small molecular weight organic photovoltaic cells using a laminated silver nanowire mesh as a transparent, conductive cathode layer. The lamination process does not damage the underlying solar cell and results in a transparent electrode with low sheet resistance and high optical transmittance without impacting photocurrent collection. The ...
Chen Ying - - 2010
Nanoframes containing 20 nm diameter TiO(2) nanowire arrays were synthesized with polymer templates via cathodic sol-gel deposition followed by 450 degrees C sintering. Raman spectra indicated that they are composed of pure anatase TiO(2). The nanowire array inside the nanoframe was confirmed to be single crystalline by high resolution TEM. ...
Sun Tao T Nano Research Group, School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom. - - 2010
A bio-impedance chip has been developed for real-time monitoring of the kinetics of epithelial cell monolayers in vitro. The human bronchial epithelial cell line (16-HBE 14o-) was cultured in Transwells creating a sustainable and interactive model of the airway epithelium. Conducting polymer polypyrrole (PPy) doped with polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) was ...
Cheng Ke K The Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048, - - 2010
The success of cardiac stem cell therapies is limited by low cell retention, due at least in part to washout via coronary veins. We sought to counter the efflux of transplanted cells by rendering them magnetically responsive and imposing an external magnetic field on the heart during and immediately after ...
Solal Marc - - 2010
Usually, directivity is obtained in single-phase unidirectional transducers (SPUDTs) by cascading reflective cells and transduction cells in the same acoustic track. An alternate approach was presented which described a SPUDT using two tracks. The first track had only sources but the second track had sources and reflectors. The directivity was ...
Koester Philipp Julian - - 2010
We developed a modular neurochip system by combining a small (16x16 mm2) glass neurochip (GNC) with a homemade head stage and commercial data acquisition hardware and software. The system is designed for the detection of the electric activity of cultivated nerve or muscle cells by a 52-microelectrode array (MEA). In ...
Muendoerfer Marco - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate a newly implemented feature for the online monitoring of transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) in an apparatus for combined in vitro dissolution and permeation testing. In a first step, the course of TEER was analyzed simultaneously to the permeability of sodium fluorescein, and ...
Zhu Tao - - 2010
In this study, a novel method for detecting bacterial cells in deionized (DI) water suspension is presented by using fluidic electrodes with a hydrodynamic focusing technique. KCl solution was utilized as both sheath flow and fluidic electrodes, and the bacterial suspension was squeezed to form three flowing layers with different ...
Lin Ye - - 2010
The potential application of PrBaCo(2)O(5+delta) (PBC) double perovskite oxide as a cathode for a proton-conducting solid-oxide fuel cell based on a BaZr(0.1)Ce(0.7)Y(0.2)O(3-delta) (BZCY) electrolyte was systematically investigated. XRD and O(2)-TPD results demonstrated that cation exchange between BZCY and PBC perovskites simultaneously occurs from the formation of Co(3+)-doped BZCY and Y(3+)-doped ...
Banerjee Jayati - - 2010
A liposome-based amplified detection system is presented for the cancer cell secreted pathogenic enzyme matrix metalloproteinase-9 which does not require the use of biological antibodies.
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