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Terasawa Shun - - 2011
An Escherichia coli cell transduces extracellular stimuli sensed by chemoreceptors to the state of an intracellular signal molecule, which regulates the switching of the rotational direction of the flagellar motors from counterclockwise (CCW) to clockwise (CW) and from CW back to CCW. Here, we performed high-speed imaging of flagellar motor ...
Velmurugan Natarajan - - 2011
Human Fc receptors (FcγR) are membrane glycoproteins that are expressed on all immunologically active cells and have a well-defined role in regulating innate and adaptive immune responses by binding to the immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody. Among the several classes of Fc receptors, FcγRIIa is the most widely expressed, and it ...
Brakch Noureddine - - 2011
Renin is cleaved from its precursor prorenin into mature renin. We investigated the impact of the renin proregion on the generation and secretion of enzymatically active renin. We compared the effects of the following sequences of human prorenin with those of wild type prorenin[1-383]: prosequence [1-43], hinge sequence [1-62], Des[1-43]prorenin ...
Zhao Weijiang - - 2011
The binding of Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) to the epidermal growth factor family of receptor tyrosine kinases (ErbB) mediates intercellular and intracellular communication and regulates a broad spectrum of biological processes, such as tumorigenesis and myelination. Recombinant Nrg1 has been shown to control prolactin (PRL) secretion from rat prolactinoma GH3 cells. However, ...
Fisher Eric A - - 2011
Apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) is degraded by endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) when lipid availability limits assembly of VLDLs. The ubiquitin ligase gp78 and the AAA-ATPase p97 have been implicated in the proteasomal degradation of apoB-100. To study the relationship between ERAD and VLDL assembly, we used small interfering RNA (siRNA) to ...
Rakestraw J A - - 2011
This report describes a new cell-surface display system, the Secretion and Capture Technology (SECANT™) platform, which relies on in vivo biotinylation of the protein of interest followed by its capture on the avidinated surface of the parent cell. Cell sorting techniques are then used to isolate clones that display target-binding ...
Sengupta Aniruddha - - 2011
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is highly expressed in Ewing's sarcoma (EWS). We previously showed that increased cellular CAV1 is associated with the regulation of the tumorigenicity, drug resistance and metastatic ability of EWS cells. Because several studies reported that melanoma and prostate cancer cells, which express relatively high CAV1 levels, secrete CAV1, ...
Farfán Mauricio J - - 2011
We have previously described a protein termed Shigella enterotoxin 2 (ShET-2), which induces rises in short-circuit current in rabbit ileum mounted in the Ussing chamber. Published reports have postulated that ShET-2 may be secreted by the Shigella type III secretion system (T3SS). In this study, we show that ShET-2 secretion ...
Xiao Deyou - - 2011
Electric pulses are known to affect the outer membrane and intracellular structures of tumour cells. By applying electrical pulses of 450 ns duration with electric field intensity of 8 kV/cm to HepG2 cells for 30 s, electric pulse-induced changes in the integrity of the plasma membrane, apoptosis, viability and mitochondrial ...
Du Guansheng - - 2011
We introduce a simple micro-fluidic device containing an actuated flexible membrane, which allows the viscoelastic characterization of cells in small volumes of suspension by loading them in compression and observing the cell deformation in time. From this experiment, we can determine the characteristic time constant of recovery of the cell. ...
Roll Petra - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: IL-6 receptor inhibition by tocilizumab was recently licensed for the therapy of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). IL-6 induces in vitro differentiation of B cells into antibody-forming cells, however the in vivo effects of IL-6 inhibition on the B cell compartment are currently not known. METHODS: Sixteen patients with active rheumatoid ...
Kolind Mille Petersen - - 2011
In vivo, clotting Factor VIII (FVIII) circulates in plasma bound to von Willebrand factor (vWF), and the vWF:FVIII complex prevents binding of FVIII to phosphatidylserine (PS). Activation of FVIII by thrombin releases FVIII from vWF, and subsequently FVIII binds to PS exposed on activated platelets and forms the tenase complex ...
Odaka Tomoyuki - - 2011
In teleosts, the kidney is the major immune organ. From the kidney of fugu (Takifugu rubripes), we isolated a unique leukocyte population. This population shows properties similar to those of mammalian plasmablasts. First, adherent cells expressing IgM protein on their surface were obtained from the fugu kidney. Flow cytometry (FCM) ...
Martínez-Carrillo Beatriz Elina - - 2011
The few reports that have analyzed the effects of stress on the immune cells of the intestinal mucosa or the functions of these cells have tended to focus on S-IgA levels in saliva, and these studies have shown contradictory results. The principal objective of this study was to analyze the ...
Buchholz Bjoern - - 2011
It has been suggested that more than 70% of the renal cysts in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) arise from the collecting duct and that within this segment cysts originate almost exclusively from principal rather than intercalated cells. The mechanisms for this predisposition of principal cells have ...
Su Yu-Wen - - 2011
14-3-3σ regulates cytokinesis and cell cycle arrest induced by DNA damage but its role in the immune system is unknown. Using gene-targeted 14-3-3σ-deficient (i.e., KO) mice, we studied the role of 14-3-3σ in B-cell functions. Total numbers of B cells were reduced by spontaneous apoptosis of peripheral B cells. Upon ...
Kortmann Hendrik - - 2011
The research field of single cell analysis is rapidly expanding, driven by developments in flow cytometry, microscopy, lab-on-a-chip devices, and many other fields. The promises of these developments include deciphering cellular mechanisms and the quantification of cell-to-cell differences, ideally with spatio-temporal resolution. However, these promises are challenging as the analytical ...
Wu Gang - - 2011
The hallmark of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the mesangial deposits of polymeric IgA. However, the source of IgA1 and the mechanism of deposition of IgA1 in the mesangium remain unknown. To better understand its pathogenesis, we investigated the expression of CD19(+)CD5(+)B cells and IgA1-positive cells in the tonsils of IgAN ...
Zhong Xuemei - - 2011
L2pB1 cells (PD-L2positive B1 cells) are a newly discovered subpopulation of B1 B cells. L2pB1 cells are noted for the expression of PD-L2 (CD273, B7-DC), a ligand for the inhibitory receptor PD-1, which distinguishes this subpopulation from other B1 B cells that lack PD-L2, namely, L2nB1 cells (PD-L2negative B1 cells). ...
Maruya Mikako - - 2011
B1 cells represent a distinct subset of B cells that produce most of the natural serum IgM and much of the gut IgA and function as an important component of early immune responses to pathogens. The development of B1 cells depends on the nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 ...
Unlü Murat - - 2010
Anion exchange ionomers (AEI) synthesized here were characterized by use of a novel fuel cell configuration. The new analysis method involves assembling the AEI electrode of interest as the cathode in a hybrid, acid/alkaline, fuel cell configuration. The hybrid cell includes a conventional proton conducting anode/membrane half-cell along with the ...
Rhodes Ryan G - - 2011
Cells of Flavobacterium johnsoniae move rapidly over surfaces by a process known as gliding motility. Gld proteins are thought to comprise the gliding motor that propels cell surface adhesins, such as the 669-kDa SprB. A novel protein secretion apparatus called the Por secretion system (PorSS) is required for assembly of ...
Hernández-Bule María Luisa - - 2010
The capacitive-resistive electric transfer (CRet) therapy is a non-invasive technique that applies electrical currents of 0.4-0.6 MHz to the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. Although this therapy has proved effective in clinical studies, its interaction mechanisms at the cellular level still are insufficiently investigated. Results from previous studies have shown that ...
Blade Anna M - - 2011
Apolipoprotein A-V (apoA-V) is a potent regulator of intravascular triglyceride (TG) metabolism, yet its plasma concentration is very low compared with that of other apolipoproteins. To examine the basis for its low plasma concentration, the secretion efficiency of apoA-V was measured in stably transfected McA-RH7777 rat hepatoma cells. Pulse-chase experiments ...
Roeters Anne M E - - 2012
Metaplastic cells with nebular cytoplasmic changes in the cervical smear are classified in the Dutch coding system for cervical screening as KOPAC O8 cells. Since these nebulated cells are already documented by Papanicolaou, we refer to these cells as Papanicolaou's nebular cells. We examined the simultaneous presence of these characteristic ...
Mehanna Maha - - 2010
A new approach to water desalination is to use exoelectrogenic bacteria to generate electrical power from the biodegradation of organic matter, moving charged ions from a middle chamber between two membranes in a type of microbial fuel cell called a microbial desalination cell. Desalination efficiency using this approach is limited ...
Ye Yu - - 2010
High-performance single CdS nanowire (NW) as well as nanobelt (NB) Schottky junction solar cells were fabricated. Au (5 nm)/graphene combined layers were used as the Schottky contact electrodes to the NWs (NBs). Typical as-fabricated NW solar cell shows excellent photovoltaic behavior with an open circuit voltage of ∼0.15 V, a ...
Pavlaki Maria - - 2011
Although MMP-28 is involved in numerous important physiologic and pathologic conditions, the mechanisms of action of this secreted proteinase is not well understood. We now have demonstrated that furin serves as an intermolecular chaperone for MMP-28 secretion by interacting with the propeptide domain of MMP-28. Employing COS-1 cells transfected with ...
Gu Wenwen - - 2010
Electrical impedance spectroscopy, owing to its label-free, noninvasive and easy miniaturization nature, has shown great potential in cellular biochemical sensing and cell-based diagnostics. In this article, cutting-edge technologies of electrical impedance spectroscopy are reviewed according to different sensing mechanisms, including monitoring of ion release from live cells, utilization of nonconductive ...
Cho Youngnam - - 2010
We report the preparation of an electrically conductive composite composed of collagen and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and its use as a substrate for the in vitro growth of PC12 cells. Morphological observation by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicated the homogenous dispersion of CNTs in the collagen matrix. Four-point probe and ...
Wang Siling - - 2011
The evaluation of N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC)-coated liposomes containing Coenzyme Q(10) as potential ophthalmic drug delivery system was carried out. Firstly, transcorneal permeation studies were conducted at 34°C using a side-by-side diffusion apparatus. The transport process of the fluorescent marker, rhodamine B, across the corneal epithelium was visualized with confocal laser ...
Boardman Anna - - 2010
A microfabricated device is described for the capture and injection of a single mammalian cell into a fused silica capillary for subsequent analysis by chemical cytometry. The device consists of a 500 μm diameter well made from polydimethylsiloxane on an indium-tin oxide coated microscope slide. The bottom of the well ...
Dengler Jana - - 2010
Embryonic stem cell (ESC) derivatives are a promising cell source for cardiac cell therapy. Mechanistic studies upon cell injection in conventional animal models are limited by inefficient delivery and poor cell survival. As an alternative, we have used an engineered heart tissue (EHT) based on neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) cultivated ...
Zhang Xiaocan - - 2011
A device using a three-electrode electrochemical cell (referred to as an ECNMR cell) was successfully constructed that could be used in a standard 5mm NMR probe to acquire high-resolution NMR spectra while the working electrode was held at a constant electrical potential. The working electrode was a 20 nm thick ...
Kim Lily Nari - - 2011
We present a simple and high-throughput method for fabricating free-floating hydrogel cell microcarriers using single exposure UV patterning. We also demonstrate magnetic manipulation of the free-floating cell microcarriers using a magnetic nanoparticle-embedded structure for an active agitation and a solution exchange.
Yu Qingjiang - - 2010
We present a time-saving staining protocol based upon the low-toxicity and nonvolatile solvent dimethyl sulfoxide for a high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cell, which is very critical for the roll-to-roll flexible cell production. Power conversion efficiencies of 11.7-12.1% were achieved under AM1.5G simulated sunlights. The intrinsic roles of lithium cations on efficiency ...
Pegg Lara-Jane - - 2010
For organic photovoltaics (OPV) to realize applications effective strategies to maximize the open-circuit voltage must be developed. Herein we show that solution-processed surface-oxidized Au nanocrystals (o-AuNC) dramatically increase the open-circuit voltage (V(oc)) of OPV cells based on boron-subphthalocyanine chloride (SubPc)/C(60) and chloro-aluminum phthalocyanine (ClAlPc)/C(60) heterojunctions when incorporated at the interface ...
Gunn Nicholas M NM School of Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, United - - 2010
We present a magnetic micropallet array and demonstrate its capacity to recover specific, individual adherent cells from large populations and deliver them for downstream single cell analysis. A ferromagnetic photopolymer was formulated, characterized, and used to fabricate magnetic micropallets, which are microscale pedestals that provide demarcated cell growth surfaces with ...
Hong Jongin - - 2011
Cell-substrate interactions are investigated in a number of studies for drug targets including angiogenesis, arteriosclerosis, chronic inflammatory diseases and carcinogenesis. One characteristic of malignant cancerous cells is their ability to invade tissue. Cell adhesion and cytoskeletal activity have served as valuable indicators for understanding the cancer cell behaviours, such as ...
Rawson Frankie J - - 2011
We report the fabrication and use of electrodes constructed from single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) chemically assembled on a carbon surface and functionalised with an osmium(II) bipyridine complex (Osbpy). The ability of the electrodes to transduce biologically generated currents from Proteus vulgaris has been established. Our investigations show that there ...
Desai Salil P - - 2011
Microsystems are increasingly used in the manipulation, patterning and sorting of cells. Critical to the widespread adoption of these new technologies is development of an understanding of their impact on cellular physiology. Here we show the integration of a cell-based sensor, a microfabricated electrical screening platform, and quantitative imaging to ...
El-Said Waleed Ahmed - - 2010
Cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion are fundamental and important in the development of a cell-based chip. In this study, a novel, simple, rapid, and one-step technique was developed for the fabrication of a uniform three-dimensional mesoporous gold thin film (MPGF) onto a gold (Au) coated glass plate based on ...
Kok Maarten B - - 2011
Molecular imaging based on MRI requires the use of amplification strategies in order to achieve sufficient sensitivity for the detection of low-level molecular markers. Recently, we described a combination of two amplification methods: (i) the use of paramagnetic liposomes that can be prepared with a high payload of Gd(3+) -containing ...
Jung Jin-Young - - 2010
Silicon nanowires (NWs) and microwires (MWs) are cost-effectively integrated on a 4-inch wafer using metal-assisted electroless etching for solar cell applications. MWs are periodically positioned using low-level optical patterning in between a dense array of NWs. A spin-on-doping technique is found to be effective for the formation of heavily doped, ...
- - 2010
SELF-ASSOCIATION CHROMATOGRAPHY: Bankston and Carta, Biotechnol. J. 2010, 5, 1028-1039Bankston and Carta, Biotechnol. J. 2010, 5, 1040-1049Apolipoprotein A-IMilano (apoA-I(M)) is a major component of high density lipoprotein (HDL) involved in cholesterol transport. When oxidized, apoA-I(M) consists of a homodimer and reversibly self-associates to higher order oligomers. It is not only ...
Shim Sangjo - - 2010
In this paper, frequency response (dynamic compression and recovery) is suggested as a new physical marker to differentiate between breast cancer cells (MCF7) and normal cells (MCF10A). A single cell is placed on the laminated piezoelectric actuator and a piezoresistive microcantilever is placed on the upper surface of the cell ...
Puttaswamy Srinivasu Valagerahally - - 2010
Negative dielectrophoretic (n-DEP) cell manipulation is an efficient way to pattern human liver cells on micro-electrode arrays. Maintaining cell viability is an important objective for this approach. This study investigates the effect of low conductivity medium and the optimally designed microchip on cell viability and cell adhesion. To explore the ...
Heo Chaejeong - - 2011
Electric field stimulation has become one of the most promising therapies for a variety of neurological diseases. However, the safety and effectiveness of the stimulator are critical in determining the outcome. Because there are few safe and effective in vivo and/or in vitro stimulator devices, we demonstrate a method that ...
Li Jing-Liang - - 2010
A compact microfluidic device with 96 microchambers allocated within four circular units was designed and examined for cell distribution. In each unit, cells were distributed to the surrounding chambers radially from the center. The circular arrangement of the chambers makes the design simple and compact. A controllable and quantitative cell ...
Zhou Ming - - 2010
The development of microfluidic devices has been spurred by the desire to produce low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and environmental monitoring devices. By combining the adaptive behavior of microfluidic biofuel cells (micro-BFCs) self-regulating the power release with aptamer IMP logic, we constructed a novel IMP-Reset gate-based reusable and self-powered on-chip aptasensor, which ...
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