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Results 601 - 650 of 1437
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Yang Liju - - 2006
In this study, we demonstrated a micro-fluidic system with multiple functions, including concentration of bacteria using dielectrophoresis (DEP) and selective capture using antibody recognition, resulting in a high capture efficiency of bacterial cells. The device consisted of an array of oxide covered interdigitated electrodes on a flat silicon substrate and ...
Gaynor P T - - 2006
Many applications of electroporation, especially those utilizing electrofusion and in-vivo electroporation, involve cell environments that include close cell-to-cell proximity and a wide range of target cell size. It is important to understand how this kind of environment may alter optimum electroporation electrical parameters for any given application. A physical, electrically ...
Maillard Sébastien - - 2006
In most of multiple myeloma (MM) cells, the "pure" antiestrogen (AE) RU 58668 (RU) induced either a G1-arrest (LP-1, OPM-2, NCI-H929, U266 cells) or apoptosis (RPMI 8226 cells). In RPMI 8226 cells, RU activates a caspase-dependent cell death pathway leading to the release of cytochrome c, the decrease of the ...
Lim Keng Guan - - 2007
Microfluidic biofuel cells exploit the lack of convective mixing at low Reynolds number to eliminate the need for a physical membrane to separate fuel from oxidant. This paper demonstrates how the length and spacing of electrodes within a microchannel, and thus thickness of the diffusion layer, affects the performance of ...
Pavicić Ivan - - 2006
The objective of this study was to compare the effects of 864 MHz and 935 MHz radiofrequency/microwave radiation on the ability of V79 cells to proliferate, form colonies and on their viability. For one, two and three hours, the cells were exposed to the 864 MHz field in a transversal ...
Abilez Oscar - - 2006
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that a level of chemical and electrical stimulation exists that allows differentiation of progenitor cells into organized contracting myocytes. METHODS: A custom-made bioreactor with the capability of delivering electrical pulses of varying field strengths, widths, and frequencies was constructed. Individual chambers of the bioreactor allowed ...
He Huiqi - - 2007
In this study, a new micro electroporation (EP) cell chip with three-dimensional (3D) electrodes was fabricated by means of MEMS technology, and tested on cervical cancer (HeLa) cells. Extensive statistical data of the threshold electric field and pulse duration were determined to construct an EP "phase diagram", which delineates the ...
Romeo Melissa M Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, City University of New York, Hunter College, New York, NY 10021, USA. - - 2006
We report results from a study of human and canine mucosal cells, investigated by infrared micro-spectroscopy, and analyzed by methods of multivariate statistics. We demonstrate that the infrared spectra of individual cells are sensitive to the stage of maturation, and that a distinction between healthy and diseased cells will be ...
Dowsett Mark G - - 2006
We describe the construction of an electrochemical cell of the Bragg type suitable for in situ synchrotron X-ray measurements on rough, heterogeneous metals such as cultural heritage alloys and simulants with corroding or passivated surfaces. The cell features a working electrode, which may be moved under remote control from a ...
Kertesz Vilmos - - 2006
A battery-powered, controlled-current, two-electrode electrochemical cell containing a porous flow-through working electrode with high surface area and multiple auxiliary electrodes with small total surface area was incorporated into the electrospray emitter circuit to control the electrochemical reactions of analytes in the electrospray emitter. This cell system provided the ability to ...
Lovley Derek R - - 2006
The possibility of generating electricity with microbial fuel cells has been recognized for some time, but practical applications have been slow to develop. The recent development of a microbial fuel cell that can harvest electricity from the organic matter stored in marine sediments has demonstrated the feasibility of producing useful ...
Ho Chen-Ta - - 2006
Biomimetic heterogeneous patterning of hepatic and endothelial cells, which start from randomly distributed cells inside the microfluidic chamber, via the chip design of enhanced field-induced dielectrophoresis (DEP) trap is demonstrated and reported in this paper. The concentric-stellate-tip electrode array design in this chip generates radial-pattern electric fields for the DEP ...
Pintaske J - - 2006
In the current study the effect of increasing concentrations of superparamagnetic iron oxide labeled cells on the MRI signal decay at magnetic field strengths of 0.2, 1.5, and 3 T was evaluated. The spin echo and gradient echo cellular transverse relaxivity was systematically studied for various concentrations (N = 1, ...
Nawarathna D - - 2006
We report on harmonic generation by budding yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 10(8) cells/ml) in response to sinusoidal electric fields with amplitudes ranging from zero to 5 V/cm in the frequency range 10-300 Hz. The cell-generated harmonics are found to exhibit strong amplitude and frequency dependence. Sodium metavanadate, an inhibitor of ...
Ji Zhen - - 2006
Gigahertz transverse electromagnetic (GTEM) transmission cells have been previously used to experimentally study exposure of biological cells to ultra-wideband (UWB), monopolar, electromagnetic pulses. Using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations we examine the time-dependent electric field waveforms and energy dose spatial distributions within a finite volume of biological cell culture medium during ...
Walters James W - - 2006
Epithelial planar cell polarity (PCP) allows epithelial cells to coordinate their development to that of the tissue in which they reside. The mechanisms that impart PCP as well as effectors that execute the polarizing instructions are being sought in many tissues. We report that the epidermal epithelium of Drosophila embryos ...
Jain Tilak - - 2007
Several non-viral techniques involving the use of liposomes, particle bombardment and electroporation have been used for efficient transfection of plasmids and other molecules into cells. Current approaches target whole or bulk regions of tissue, lacking the desired spatial control over the transfection process. In this study, we present a novel ...
Sontag W - - 2006
The effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) similar to those used in transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on two tumour cell lines, the human promyelocytic leukaemia cell line (HL-60) and the rat pheochromocytoma cell line (PC12), was investigated. The two cell lines were exposed to non-homogeneous pulsed electromagnetic fields (about 0.25-4.5 ...
Brischwein Martin - - 2006
Impedance sensors in thick film technology have been tested as a tool for electric cell-substrate impedance sensing. The screen printed Pt electrodes have a width of 250-400 microm. Electrodes and the surrounding ceramic chip substrate could be homogeneously grown with L-929 and Hela cells. The performance of a screen printed ...
Sun Xiuhua - - 2006
Carbon-fiber amperometry has been extensively used to monitor the time course of catecholamine release from cells as individual secretory granules discharge their contents during the process of quantal exocytosis, but microfabricated devices offer the promise of higher throughput. Here we report development of a microchip device that uses transparent indium ...
Huang Yun-Hui - - 2006
Extensive efforts to develop a solid-oxide fuel cell for transportation, the bottoming cycle of a power plant, and distributed generation of electric energy are motivated by a need for greater fuel efficiency and reduced air pollution. Barriers to the introduction of hydrogen as the fuel have stimulated interest in developing ...
Rau Kaustubh R - - 2006
Time-resolved imaging was used to examine the use of pulsed laser microbeam irradiation to produce cell lysis. Lysis was accomplished through the delivery of 6 ns, lambda=532 nm laser pulses via a 40x, 0.8 NA objective to a location 10 microm above confluent monolayers of PtK2 cells. The process dynamics ...
Kroupová Jana - - 2007
The effect of magnetic fields on the living systems is studied in vivo or in vitro in very broad spectrum of organisms, cells and tissues. The mechanism of their acting is not known until now. We studied low-frequency magnetic field effect on cytoskeleton and on the structure of chromatin in ...
Kalinowski Slawomir - - 2007
Chronopotentiometry on planar lipid bilayer (BLM) is proposed as a method for modeling the electrical phenomena in electroporated cell. Two techniques are discussed: constant-current and linear-current chronopotentiometry. It is proposed that the constant-current chronopotentiometry may provide basis for modeling the electroporated cell shortly after the removal of the electric field, ...
Reiher A - - 2006
We report on the influence of dielectric pulse injection on the energy metabolism of yeast cells with a planar interdigitated electrode interface. The energy metabolism was measured via NADH fluorescence. The application of dielectric pulses results in a distinct decrease of the fluorescence, indicating a response of the energy metabolism ...
Taylor David A - - 2006
With five of the largest harbors in the United States, California is beginning to take steps to manage the large amounts of pollution generated by these bustling centers of transport and commerce. One option for reducing diesel emissions is the use of fuel cells, which run cleaner than diesel and ...
Olsson T - - 2006
The cellular processes that take place during the transition from pre-seizure state to seizure remain to be defined. In this study in awake, paralyzed rats, we used an electrical impedance measure of changes in extra-cellular intracranial volume to estimate changes in cell size in acute models of epilepsy. Animals were ...
Schneider Thomas - - 2006
Cell separation is important in medical and biological research and plays an increasingly important role in clinical therapy and diagnostics, such as rare cancer cell detection in blood. The immunomagnetic labeling of cells with antibodies conjugated to magnetic nanospheres gives rise to a proportional relationship between the number of magnetic ...
Postigo Fernando - - 2006
The chemical nature of the sensitizer and its selective uptake by malignant cells are decisive to choose an appropriate biocompatible carrier, able to preserve the photosensitizing characteristics of the dye. In this paper we demonstrate the photodynamic properties of three chlorins, derived from chlorophyll a, and the usefulness of liposomal ...
Matsuoka Hideaki - - 2006
A 2-channel (2C) microinjector was prepared by pulling a glass capillary with a theta-shaped cross section. One channel was used as a potential measuring electrode (MeaE) and the other was used as an electrophoretic introduction electrode (IntE). The 2C microinjector was propelled by an oil pressure manipulator driven by a ...
Díaz-Rivera Rubén E - - 2006
Micro and nano fabrication techniques have facilitated the production of new devices for manipulation of single cells on a chip, such as the planar micro-pore electroporation technology. To characterize this technology we have studied the seal that forms at the interface between an individual cell and the micro-pore, in which ...
Samuel Stanley - - 2006
The effect of pulse-repetition frequency (PRF) and number of exposures on membrane damage and subsequent death of contrast agent-attached phagocytic cells was examined. Phagocytic cells of a mouse macrophage cell line were grown as monolayers on thin Mylar sheets. Optison microbubbles were attached to these cells by incubation. Focused ultrasound ...
Sherman Warren - - 2006
Clinical trials have begun to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of administering progenitor cells to the heart in order to repair or perhaps reverse the effects of myocardial ischemia and injury. In contrast to surgical-based injections, which are often coupled with coronary bypass surgery, catheter-based injections are less invasive ...
Terada Takeshi - - 2006
In order to obtain an HCC-selective drug delivery system, a novel functional lipid, which is cleaved by the protease activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), was developed. The amino group of dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) was conjugated with PEGylated MMP-2 substrate peptide (Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Ile-Ala-Gly-Gln), and MMP-2-cleavable PEG-Peptide-DOPE (PEG-PD) was synthesized. When PEG-PD was incorporated ...
Yoshida Tomomi - - 2006
We have previously reported that cationic liposomes themselves can induce apoptosis in macrophages and lymphocytes. In this paper, we attempted the cancer cell-specific delivery of cationic liposomes and the induction of apoptosis utilizing this characteristic. Cationic liposomes composed of stearylamine (SA-liposomes) induced apoptosis in human nasopharyngeal epidermoid carcinoma cells (KB ...
Collier Joel H - - 2006
Methods for transducing the cellular activities of mammalian cells into measurable electronic signals are important in many biotechnical applications, including biosensors, cell arrays, and other cell-based devices. This manuscript describes an approach for functionally integrating cellular activities and electrical processes in an underlying substrate. The cells are engineered with a ...
Lux Kenneth W - - 2006
A method for the construction of an array of fuel cells wherein each cell is 200 nm in diameter is presented. Electrodeposition of Pt-Cu nanowires inside the cylindrical pores of an Anodisc filter membrane and the subsequent dealloying of the Cu by soaking the filter in fuming nitric acid for ...
Haneda Toshihiko - - 2006
Single suspension-cultured plant cells (Catharanthus roseus) and their protoplasts were anchored to a glass plate and exposed to a magnetic field of 302 +/- 8 mT for several hours. Compression forces required to produce constant cell deformation were measured parallel to the magnetic field by means of a cantilever-type force ...
Chono Sumio - - 2006
In order to evaluate the efficacy of liposomes as a drug carrier for atherosclerotic therapy, a pharmacokinetic analysis of the uptake of liposomes by macrophages and foam cells in vitro and their distribution to atherosclerotic lesions in mice was carried out. In brief, liposomes of three particle sizes (500, 200 ...
Menicucci Joseph - - 2006
Power generated by microbial fuel cells is computed as a product of current passing through an external resistor and voltage drop across this resistor. If the applied resistance is very low, then high instantaneous power generated by the cell is measured, which is not sustainable; the cell cannot deliver that ...
El Zakhem H - - 2006
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of pulsed electric fields (PEF) application to colloidal suspension of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The electrical conductivity measurements during the PEF-treatment of S. cerevisiae suspensions were used to monitor the extent of cell damages in the intervals of electric field strength E ...
Funk Richard H W - - 2006
This review concentrates on findings described in the recent literature on the response of cells and tissues to electromagnetic fields (EMF). Models of the causal interaction between different forms of EMF and ions or biomolecules of the cell will be presented together with our own results in cell surface recognition. ...
Bragós R R Electron. Eng. Dept., Tech. Univ. of Catalonia UPC, Campus Nord, C-4 c/ Jordi Girona 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain. - - 2006
The aim of this work is to provide optimization tools for cell and tissue engineering processes through continuous monitoring of cell cultures. Structural cell properties can be obtained from non-destructive electrical measurements by using electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). EIS measurements on monolayer animal cell cultures are usually performed using a ...
Jewell S A - - 2006
The dynamic response of a chiral dual-frequency hybrid aligned nematic liquid-crystal cell to a multiple frequency pulse has been characterized using a time-resolved fully leaky guided-mode optical characterization technique. On application of a low-frequency voltage the cell is found to switch to homeotropic alignment, effectively destroying the inherent twist in ...
Demiray H - - 2006
Serial electron microscopic sections were prepared from half-ripened meristematic root cells of Vicia faba (Fabaceae) which had been exposed gradually to 700, 1000, 2500, 3500, and 5000 V/m static electric fields during seven days with and without Zn and Cd electrodes. At the end of five weeks, wall loosenings and ...
Agueda Beatriz - - 2006
Field ectomycorrhizae sampled under Boletus edulis and Cistus ladanifer have been characterized and described in detail based on standard morphological and anatomical characters. The described ectomycorrhiza has traits typical of Boletales: whitish with three differentiated plectenchymatous layers in the mantle in plan view forming ring-like structures and rhizomorphs with highly ...
Minteer Shelley D - - 2006
This chapter outlines the methods and procedures for making a microfluidic and microfabricated biofuel cell. Commercially available screen-printing carbon inks are employed as electrodes by micromolding them onto glass microchips. The carbon ink electrodes are modified with methylene green and alcohol dehydrogenase immobilized within a modified Nafion membrane to act ...
Godbout Charles - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A prevailing paradigm is that electrical fields can promote cell migration and tissue healing. To further validate this paradigm, we tested the hypothesis that periodic direct current (DC) can enhance wound closure using an in vitro dynamic model of cell migration. METHODS AND RESULTS: Layers of primary ...
Ying Wenjun W Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA. - - 2006
Electric fields are used in a range of applications, including gene transfection, electrochemotherapy of tumors and cardiac defibrillation. Despite the widespread use of electric fields, most of the theoretical and computational studies on discrete cellular tissue have focused on a single cell. In this work, we propose a hybrid finite ...
Gao Ning - - 2006
The electrochemical single-cell analysis for enzyme activity was developed using microcells on a microcell array coupled with a positionable dual microelectrode. The microcell array with the nanoliter-scale microcells was constructed using simple chemical etching without photolithographic techniques. The positionable dual microelectrodes consisted of the nanometer-to-micrometer-radius Au disk working electrode and ...
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